Asparagus belongs to the asparagus family. This is a perennial liana, which has thin flexible stems and leafy shoots resembling needles. The fruits that are formed after flowering are bright red.
Although asparagus and unpretentious to the conditions of detention and a great winter in cold climates, it can affect various diseases and parasites, after which the plant takes a painful look and needs to be rescued.
Asparagus turns yellow and showered
If asparagus turns yellow and leaves start to crumble, then you need to pay attention to the following factors:
- soil moisture
- indoor air humidity
- the size of the pot corresponds to the size of the root system.
Thus, if you have flooded the plant too much or have not watered it for a long time, then it can “get sick”. Poor or too strong illumination will also lead to yellowing of the leaves. Dry air or a pot that is too small give the same effect.Why does asparagus turn yellow? Yellowing and falling leaves - a reaction to improper care. If you do not change the conditions of detention, you can lose the plant.
Cure asparagus is not difficult. To begin, cut off all the bare shoots and try to adjust the mode of watering and lighting. First of all, you need to remember the moment or action, after which the plant began to hurt.
Important!If asparagus fell ill in the winter, then after pruning the shoots it must be removed from batteries and other heat sources.
To further asparagus not capricious, observe the following rules:
- increase the humidity in the room, as dry air is detrimental to the flower,
- water the plant properly, increasing the amount of moisture you pour in spring and summer, and reducing in winter,
- give asparagus the maximum amount of sunlight by placing it on the south side (however, make sure that noon rays do not fall on the plant),
- feed every two weeks with complex mineral fertilizers,
- repot the plant before the roots occupy the entire space of the pot.
By following these instructions, you will save asparagus from many diseases.
Did you know?Asparagus is considered the birthplace of humid areas of South America, Southern and Eastern Africa, and Asia.
The flower withers and nikta
The main cause of this disease is a surplus of moisture in the soil. The plant, though it likes high humidity, is not without problems with root rot.
What threatens to excess moisture for indoor asparagus? If you do not dry the soil in time, then the roots will simply begin to rot. At the initial stage, this is fixable, but if the entire root system decays, the flower will die.
If the pot is really waterlogged soil, then the plant should be carefully pulled out and check the roots. Rotten parts are removed and sprinkled with chips of activated charcoal or other antibacterial agent. After pruning, you need to plant a flower in fresh, dry soil. After planting, slightly moisten the ground and observe the plant in the following days.
You need to follow the rules of care, which directly affect the condition of the flower.
- Water the plant depending on weather conditions and room temperature. Do not be afraid to once again touch the soil in the pot to make sure that you need watering. The soil should be slightly moist and crumbly.
- Loosen the ground so that the roots of the plant receive oxygen.
- Be sure to put a drain on the bottom of the pot, which helps to remove excess water.
- Use light soil that does not trap moisture.
If the flower is pale leaves, it lacks sunlight. As you know, sunlight plants use to synthesize the right elements. The lack of coverage is the reason why asparagus does not grow well.
This state is not dangerous for asparagus, however, at the same time the plant immunity decreases and there is a risk of various diseases.
Pale leaves are cut by transferring the plant to the sunny side and feeding. So that in the future asparagus leaves do not turn pale, try to give the plant a maximum of sunlight during the period of rapid growth and flowering.
Did you know?Chlorophyll, which stains the leaves of plants in green and participates in photosynthesis, is also used as a food additive E140.
Spots on the leaves
If the leaves of your plant are stained, you should not immediately run to the store for drugs from diseases or pests. Plant spots are the usual sunburns that a plant can get from the noon rays of the sun.
Leaf burns are very unpleasant for the plant, as they cause damage to the organs responsible for photosynthesis. Thus, if the plant is not removed in time from the scorching sun, it can dry out.
Important!You need to carefully examine the plant for the presence of small bugs or other living creatures, since many parasites can cause similar symptoms.
Burns are treated very simply: you need to remove the plant for 1-2 days in partial shade, increase the humidity of the air, water the flower (if the soil is dry) and add a small amount of complex fertilizers.
To further the flower did not suffer from the sun, try in the late spring - early summer not to put asparagus in the sun from 11 to 3 o'clock in the afternoon.
The edges of the leaves turn brown.
The edges of the leaves of asparagus turn brown due to lack of moisture and too much light. It turns out that the body of the plant in the heat evaporates a lot of moisture, and in return it does not flow, because the roots are dry.
If you notice the problem in time, water the plant and remove it from the sun, there will be no consequences for asparagus.
You should as soon as possible remove the plant in the penumbra and water it. Also spraying the ground part will not hurt. If the room is very hot, then transfer asparagus to a cool place for at least a few hours so that the moisture lingers longer in the plant. It is important to understand that these symptoms can cause pests, so carefully inspect the plant.
Slowing asparagus in growth
Sometimes the slowdown is very difficult to notice, but if the flower does not grow at all, then this is quite a serious problem. If asparagus does not grow well, it means that it lacks nitrogen and iron, which are introduced in combination with other essential substances. Slow growth may also indicate a cramped pot.
In fact, there may be a lot of reasons, so carefully examine the whole plant. If you notice the roots sticking out of the ground, then an urgent asparagus transplant is needed. Dry soil should be watered and burst. Do not forget to check the inside of the leaf and basal neck, because it is there that pests that can slow down growth often parasitize.
To ensure that asparagus grows well and does not hurt, follow the regime of watering and lighting, apply complex fertilizers twice a month and replace the flower in a timely manner.
A very small parasite that does not immediately catch the eye. May be colored red, orange or yellow. Often spider mite is confused with the usual because of the similarity of the structure. It is worth noting that the spider mite parasitizes only on the plant and the person can not do any harm.
Did you know?Spider mites live on all continents except Antarctica.
A mite can get into an apartment or house through an open window (with raindrops or a gust of wind), along with tools or earth.
The pest likes dry air and hot weather. The air temperature directly affects the rate of reproduction (at a temperature of +30 С, pending larvae hatch in two days). The appearance of the pest can be both in the summer and in the winter (the heating in the house dries the air and creates optimal conditions).
How to understand that the plant is affected by spider mites?
An incomprehensible transparent web will appear on asparagus (in this case, you shouldn’t sin on room spiders, as this is the very first sign of mite damage). The leaves form small yellowish spots, which then merge into several large ones.
Similar symptoms can be observed with sunburns, therefore, before baiting the pest, carefully inspect the plant. A spider mite, ignored, will take all the nutrients out of the plant. The leaves will turn yellow and the plant will dry.
Asparagus is sick, stained and dries due to the activity of the tick, what to do? It is difficult to treat the plant with chemistry, as insecticides indoors are very dangerous for humans and domestic animals.
Try folk methods:
- Treat the plant with a solution of household soap. Lightly moisten the leaves and shoots with lather, trying not to get to the ground.
- Infusion on garlic. On 1 liter of water, 20 g of garlic husks are taken and infused for five hours. Next, the solution is sprayed with a spray on the entire plant.
If all else fails, you will have to use chemicals, as the tick can migrate to other plants. The most common fungicides from spider mites "Fitoverm", "Karbofos" and "Aktellik".
Prevention of mite is to maintain high humidity in the room or regular spraying of asparagus (but not watering!).
Small insects that have a length of up to 5 mm and dark color of the little body. The parasite is distributed throughout the world and has more than 6 thousand species.
The pest appears on a weakened plant that has not been watered for a long time, kept in a poorly lit room, or is not fed.
- the appearance of whitish "tracks" on the leaves,
- faded spots on the leaves,
- deformed leaves or flowers,
- curvature of the stem.
If the lesion is strong, then on the asparagus the sprigs will start to dry and wilt leaves. Trips is dangerous because it reduces the plant's immunity to various diseases and prevents it from growing and developing normally. If the pest population reaches the maximum number, then they will simply “eat” asparagus.
For the treatment, fungicides are used, namely: "Vertimec", "Aktelik", "Confidor" and "Karbofos".
Important!Asparagus reacts poorly to chemicals, so choose a weak remedy so as not to destroy the plant.
Thrips can be expelled by folk remedies. To do this, the plant is treated with broths of celandine, chilli and yarrow.
- spraying asparagus,
- inspection of the flower for the presence of parasite larvae,
- placing sticky yellow traps near the plant or on it.
It is impossible to completely get rid of thrips, however, prevention and proper care will minimize damage to asparagus.
A small insect from the order of hemiptera. Aphid affects almost all plants, not disdaining and indoor flowers.
Aphid can be brought home with a bouquet of flowers or a new plant from a flower shop. Also, the insect can move through the air and get into the apartment through an open window. The parasite attaches to asparagus and starts drinking juices. In addition to direct damage, the aphid carries also dangerous viral and bacterial diseases of plants.
If asparagus struck aphid, then soon its leaves will begin to curl and deform, the flowers - to dry without blooming. Nutrient deficiencies can result in leaf bleaching or drying. The waste products of aphids remain on asparagus, making it difficult for him to breathe. The excrement of aphids attract different types of fungi that will also interfere with the plant.
Aphid is treated both with folk methods and with the help of chemistry.
To remove the pest, you can use the following infusions and decoctions:
- Garlic or onion infusion. On 1 liter of water take 30 g of garlic and 4 g of soap, insist at least eight hours. After that, asparagus is treated several times with an interval of 10-12 days.
- Processing with pure alcohol. Rub the entire ground portion of asparagus.
- Spraying infusion of hot peppers. In 1 liter of water boil 100 g of fresh pods for about an hour. After that, the broth is diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10.
Folk remedies do not always work, so it is better to use proven drugs such as: Fufanon, Karbofos, Fitoverm and Aktellik.
- proper care
- frequent inspection of the plant,
- fertilizer application
- spray from spray.
The parasite belongs to the family of even-winged insects. It looks more like a white wood louse or some kind of beetle (furry louse - called the worm in the people), has a length of up to 6 mm and is similar to the shield. Parasites appear on asparagus due to poor maintenance (low temperature, excessive watering, rotten plant debris). Worm can also be brought into the house with contaminated soil or plants.
It can be recognized by white patina, which resembles cotton wool or fine snow. Affected leaves turn yellow and deform. Like aphid, the hairy louse leaves its excrement on the plant, on which the fungus develops.
Did you know?Some types of worm are used to produce dyes and varnishes.
The pest is dangerous because it sucks the sap of the plant and slows its growth. Only huge colonies of this parasite can cause asparagus to dry out.
To cure the plant is easy. In the early stages, the flower is treated with soapy water several times at weekly intervals. If the whole bush is covered with parasites, then you need to resort to chemical preparations: Aktara, Calypso, Mospilan, Konfidor.
Fight against the worm folk methods:
- Alcohol infusion with soap. Per liter of water take 15 g of liquid soap and 10 ml of denatured alcohol. Spray the plant with the mixture.
- Infusion on garlic. On a half-liter jar of water take 5 cloves of garlic. Water is boiled and steamed crushed garlic. After that filter, dilute 1: 5 with water and process asparagus.
- Do not overmoisten the soil
- conduct regular pest checks,
- remove dry leaves and shoots in time,
- bathe in the shower and rinse the leaves.
The pest belongs to the hemiptera family. The shield has a length of up to 3 mm and a grayish-white color. The main reason for the appearance is overdried air and high temperature. A shield can also be brought home on another plant or bouquet.
- small light growths in the places of adhesion of the leaf to the shoots,
- raid along the veins of the leaves,
- yellowing and premature leaf fall.
Do not underestimate these microscopic pests. Shchitovka causes significant damage to the plant (a large colony can easily destroy even a large tree). Since the parasite feeds on the plant sap, damaging the integrity of the shoots, asparagus loses nutrients and cannot breathe normally. In the wound gets another infection that brings a "bunch" of other problems and diseases.
With the shield you need to fight and delay it is impossible. Asparagus can be treated with both folk methods and insecticides.
Important!Do not forget that the plant tolerates chemicals very poorly and should be used as a last resort!
The most common insecticides that will quickly remove the shield are Aktara, Mospilan, Confidor, and Golden Spark.
However, it is worth knowing that it is impossible to deduce an adult flap with insecticide treatment, therefore the only option is mechanical removal. To do this, use a cotton pad moistened with an insecticide solution. Do not forget to irrigate the ground part of the plant with water. Often, due to dry age, this disease occurs.
Preventive measures against diseases
Each disease is looking for the vulnerable place of the plant, so the best prevention is the right care. Feed asparagus in time, remove dry and rotten parts of it, monitor the room temperature and air humidity. Slightly wet soil - a guarantee of plant health. Do not forget about drafts and sudden temperature changes that asparagus does not like. Replant and divide the flower in time to not only accelerate the growth of asparagus, but also to get another young plant.
Follow the principle: "comprehensive care is the best medicine."
What to do if aspargus turns yellow and showered?
Asparagus cannot be called a plant that requires special habitat conditions for itself.
But there are still the simplest rules, which are not to be ignored.
So why do yellow leaves fall off asparagus?
There are several causes of this disease, eliminating which can bring the flower back to life:
- Excessive watering,
- Lack or unnecessarily bright light
- Overdrying of earthy coma,
- Low humidity (dry air) in the room
- The high temperature in the room
- Filling the roots of the pot space.
If trouble happened and the leaves of asparagus crumbled - do not panic.
The first step is to trim the bare shoots left after them, and then move the pot to the optimum conditions for the plant.
Asparagus (asparagus) is watered abundantly, however, no more than 3 times a week.
It is best to do this immediately after the topsoil has dried - this is determined by the touch of a finger.
It is necessary to closely monitor that the water after the procedure does not remain in the pan.
В зимний период интенсивность полива снижают, производя его через несколько дней после подсыхания почвы. Не нужно доводить грунт до полного высыхания.
Аспарагус любит хорошо освещенное помещение с защитой от прямых солнечных лучей. Наилучшим местом для него будут восточные или западные окна. In the south you can keep it not on the windowsill itself, but nearby, providing shading during the midday heat.
In the summer, the flower can be carried to fresh air, but the place is selected in the penumbra, where it will not fall under the direct sun.
The plant likes moist air, its dryness is one of the main causes of yellowing and falling off of asparagus.
In the summer, the branches must be sprayed with settled water from the sprayer.
The most favorable time for this is in the morning at dawn or in the evening under the sunset.
Occasionally you can arrange a swim in the bathroom under the shower. Soil during the procedure is protected by a package from falling into it with tap water.
The plant needs moderate air temperature within + 20-25 degrees.
It can withstand a short-term increase in temperature, but a long stay in hot air will cause the shoots to dry out.
In winter, during dormancy, it is best to provide a temperature of up to +15 degrees; at a higher temperature, the leaves will crumble and the stems become bare.
Asparagus (asparagus) is afraid of drafts.
The signal to transplant is the germination of roots from the holes in the pot.
The young plant needs to be transplanted annually - its roots grow very actively and quickly fill the entire container.
As soon as the flower is 4-5 years old, it is enough to replant it every 2-3 years. If asparagus is not planned to be propagated by division, then for each procedure the pot is selected 2-3 cm more than the previous one.
Moderate trimming of the roots is allowed. At the bottom of the new pot, a thick layer of expanded clay drainage is poured, and the soil is mixed from two parts of leafy and humus soil and one part of sand.
Within 5-7 days after transplantation, the plant adapts to the changed conditions and moves away from the stress. During this period, it is best not to feed, do not water, do not expose to bright light.
Asparagus can be affected by aphid, scab or spider mite.
Aphid - a small insect green or yellow. The most massively live on the underside of the leaves, where they can be seen without much effort.
Signs of the appearance of aphids are the presence of a whitish plaque on the leaves, in which fungal diseases appear without treatment.
Before treating a plant, it is necessary to wipe it with a sponge and soapy water.
Apply chemical spraying carefully, having previously checked the flower reaction on one branch.
Shchitovka - A parasitic insect that feeds on plant sap. They stick to the leaves and the trunk, which leads to their drying out.
A sign of infection with the shield is the appearance of brown convex bubbles on the leaves.
Adult scale insects are manually removed from the plant with a sponge or cotton swab. After that, the whole plant is washed with soapy water. If the colony is large, then chemical spraying may be required. Before him, be sure to check the reaction of the plant.
Spider mite - red insect. Its sign is the appearance of a white thin web on the leaves of the plant.
When dealing with them, the flower is actively treated with a soap sponge. Immediately wash off the soap is not necessary - it is best to wait 3-4 hours to achieve the death of the pest.
After water treatments, the plant is placed in a plastic bag to create a zone of high humidity.
IMPORTANT! Causes of yellowing and falling leaves of asparagus is usually a gross violation of the mode of care for him. This may be excessive or insufficient lighting, overflowing or drying the earth, low humidity.
If the trouble occurred - you need to cut off the affected branches and optimize conditions. In addition to disease, the plant can be affected by pests, while the fight against them is difficult due to the undesirability of the use of chemicals.
Yellow leaves of asparagus: a description of typical problems
If asparagus turns yellow and showered, you should pay attention to the conditions of its content. Yellowed leaves of a plant indicate improper care.
Very often, asparagus turns yellow and showered in winter. Why is this happening and how to fix the problem? Asparagus is a light-loving plant and it needs bright, diffused light for successful development. With the onset of winter, the length of daylight is shortened and the plant doesn’t have much strength left to force out full-fledged shoots, and therefore asparagus is often pulled out. If the temperature of the content of asparagus in winter is not reduced, then its leaves begin to turn yellow. So, so that asparagus does not turn yellow and does not crumble in winter, it is necessary to increase the length of daylight for it with the help of artificial lighting. It can be fluorescent, energy-saving lamps, LED and phytolamps, white light bulbs. Lamp power is selected to account for 20 watts per plant. Also reduce the temperature of the content of the plant to +14. +15 degrees and reduce watering. In such conditions, the plant is sent to rest. It sleeps in October through March. With the onset of spring, asparagus, which slept in winter, will grow with a new force.
Young shoots asparagus light green color. After they bloom, the leaves turn yellow and dry. Why? If the young leaves of asparagus turn yellow and dry, this indicates an insufficient level of illumination of the plant. He needs a lot of bright, diffused light, and therefore windows from the east, west side of the house will do. If these are windows on the south side of the house, then the plant should be located near the curtain in the room. Thus scattered light is organized.
Young leaves of asparagus turn yellow if the soil in the plant pot is exhausted. It is necessary to perform a careful transfer of the flower, without violating the integrity of the earthen coma. If the root system is disturbed, asparagus will be sick for a long time after transplantation. Are fed with the help of liquid complex fertilizers with the obligatory content of trace elements. Both conventional (root) dressings and foliar ones are carried out, that is, asparagus leaves are sprayed with a weak solution of fertilizers.
Why does asparagus yellow when there is enough light for summer? The reason for the high temperature content and low humidity. Comfortable temperature for asparagus is +20. +25 degrees. At temperatures above +25 degrees and the simultaneous humidity of asparagus leaves will turn yellow, crumble. What to do? regular spraying of the plant is necessary. In the summer, this is done 1-2 times a day with separated water at room temperature. It is also necessary to provide asparagus fresh air intake, but it should not be a cold draft. In the summer, regular watering is also important. Before the next watering, the soil in the pot should dry out, but not completely dry. A large amount of bright, diffused light will benefit the plant.
Yellow leaves of asparagus turn yellow if the plant is overflowed. As a result of the systematic overmoistening of the soil, the root system suffers, which affects the condition of the leaves of the flower. They are covered with brown spots, turn yellow and dry. However, only the lower leaves turn yellow when, as the upper, young shoots remain green, although they lose some color. What to do? It is necessary to remove the plant from the pot and not violating the integrity of the earthy coma, inspect the roots. Healthy roots must be firm, rotten - frail and soft. if the roots are bright and elastic, then asparagus is returned to the pot and normalized watering. Before the next watering, the soil in the pot should dry out. Spraying will benefit.
If rotten roots are present, they must be removed. Then they destroy the earthy clod, they cut off rotten roots. Roots can be sprinkled with roots and asparagus is transplanted into a pot commensurate with the root system. Soil for planting can be taken universal for decorative leafy plants, from 1: 1. Watering is carried out moderately, but more attention is paid to spraying. During the rehabilitation period, the plant should not be placed in direct sunlight. It should be a bright, diffused light. In the water for irrigation, you can add root according to the instructions.
Diseases and pests of asparagus
Often, asparagus leaves turn yellow if the plant infects various pests. These are spider mites, aphids, diseases of the root system. So, common diseases and pests of asparagus how to treat, explanations with photos.
At asparagus leaves were covered with crayons yellow and brown spots. Over time, the leaf turns yellow and falls off. Why does asparagus turn yellow? Disease: spider mite. It settles on the underside of an asparagus leaflet and feeds on cell sap through prokusa leaf plate. On the ground prokusov formed yellow and brown spots. With a strong defeat, the flower is covered with a thin web. How to treat? The first place in the treatment of spider mites is Fitoverm and Vermitek. The plant is completely treated with a solution of these drugs at least 3 times. At a temperature of +20. +25 degrees with an interval of 10 days, at +30 degrees and above - the processing interval is 3-4 days. In addition, all plants in the flower collection are subject to processing, since the spider mite on the leaves is very difficult to notice, but it is well tolerated by air. For prevention, all plants in the collection need to arrange a cold shower in the summer and raise the humidity of the air.
Why does asparagus dry? If the leaves of asparagus have wax droplets of brown and yellow color, which are easily removed with a fingernail, and the leaf plate of the plant is not damaged, asparagus was struck by a scythe. This pest feeds on cell sap, the wax plate serves as protection for the pest. If you remove the shield from the plant, then a light yellow speck will remain on the sheet. Often the plant affected by the shield is covered with a sticky coating. How to treat a disease? Spraying the plants and spilling the soil with a solution of the drug Aktara. For watering the soil, a solution of 1 g of the preparation per 10 liters of water is needed, for spraying 4 g of the preparation per 5 liters of water. Processing 4-5 times with an interval of 10 days.
Care for asparagus that has begun to turn yellow or crumble
First of all, no matter how deplorable the situation, you should not part with your beloved pet. If you immediately find out the cause of wilting and make adjustments to care, you can revive an almost hopeless plant that has lost all greens.
As practice shows, most problems are caused by care errors for asparagus or forgetfulness of the owner. Even the most hardy plant, accustomed to dwelling in the dry air of an apartment, irregular or excessive watering, cramped pot and other inconveniences, early or requires human attention. Asparagus is not an exception, a patient culture is not immediately, but it reacts to discomfort, stopping to grow and turning yellow.
What if asparagus dries up? Only by creating a comfortable environment for him, one can be confident in the health and invariable beauty of the pet. And even the plant that started to dry will start to grow again. Therefore, it is necessary to correct the situation by analyzing the conditions of plant maintenance.
Reasons why asparagus turns yellow, and its “leaves” or phylloclades are showered, maybe a few.
If asparagus is showered due to chronic lack of moisture, dried stems are cut off and begin to gradually moisten the soil in the pot. Dry soil is poorly soaked with water, so it is better to make several approaches. Time after time the substrate will get soaked deeper until the moisture soaks the entire volume of the pot, and its excess does not go into the pan.
Having received the desired moisture, the plant will soon give new stems, and here, the main thing is not to disturb the irrigation schedule.
It is best if the soil under asparagus dries out between the waterings, but does not turn into stone. The root system of the plant is designed so that the nodules accumulate enough nutrients of water "reserve", but such accumulations are over. In addition, their depletion leads to the cessation of growth, which means that no new leaves can be expected.
Excessive soil moistening also adversely affects asparagus. In a constantly humid warm environment, insects, bacteria and fungi multiply easily, which threatens to invade pests and diseases of asparagus. Its powerful root system rots, and the fact that asparagus turns yellow turns out to be the result of ailment.
Therefore, during the care it is extremely important to take into account the soil moisture at the time of irrigation, the air temperature in the room, because the plant “drinks” less in the cool and season. As a rule, issuing new shoots, flowering and fruit set fruitful need a greater need for moisture and nutrition.
Do not leave water in the pan, because its contact with the roots is one of the causes of asparagus disease and its shedding.
Dry indoor air harms most houseplants, including all types of asparagus. Even periods of drought in nature are not as destructive for a plant as working heating devices in an apartment. Therefore, asparagus standing on window sills or close to batteries turn yellow even with preserved care and watering.
You can stop the process by moving the pot away from the rising flow of hot air, as well as moistening the air in the room with all available means. This will be useful not only for the flower, but also for people whose respiratory system and mucous membranes also dry out and stop resisting viral and catarrhal diseases.
In search of a place for asparagus, it is worth remembering that not only hot air, but also draft, is harmful to this plant. Therefore, wondering why asparagus turns yellow, you need to check whether it blows from transom.
The best place for asparagus in an apartment is a penumbra or a sunny window sill, where the flower is protected from direct light. If the created conditions suit the plant, its cladodes are compact, lush. In the shade shoots are lengthened, and the phylloclades on them are sparse. When the light is sorely lacking, for example, the pot is placed far from the window, even with proper care, asparagus turns yellow and loses its foliage.
But the bright sun is not the best friend of the plant. It leaves burns on greens, becoming the reason for which asparagus crumbles in a matter of days. The situation is corrected by a pot permutation and an adjustment, if it is necessary to water your green pet.
In most cases, after observing a plant, one can easily determine why his state of health changes, and what to do if asparagus dries before the eyes of the florist.
Top dressing and new soil for sick asparagus
But sometimes the cause of the disease is not so obvious. After all, even experienced flower growers do not always think that asparagus needs top dressing, and they forget about the timely transplantation of a culture - the plant is so tough and unpretentious.
The asparagus root system is bulky and rapidly growing, so in early spring the plants are transplanted into fresh soil. At the same time, it is better to conduct the procedure for young individuals annually, and adult asparaguses are transferred to a new container in 2-3 years. If the florist has forgotten about the transplant of a pet, the roots and tubers come to the surface, the plant begins to experience an acute shortage of nutrients and moisture. Asparagus will not turn yellow and crumble soon, but it will not have the best effect on the appearance and condition of the flower.
Transplantation is also useful in that it helps to identify diseases and pests on asparagus roots that have not yet made themselves known or have already caused the stems to dry.
Top dressings are carried out in spring and summer, and here it is necessary to take into account that asparaguses love organic and nitrogen-containing mixtures, but an overabundance of this element can play a bad joke. The growth stimulator for greenery in a plant in the shade causes the shoots to stretch, and sometimes asparagus turns yellow from an excess of fertilizers. Therefore, it is useful for a pet to pick up a fertilizer with a harmonious content of all nutritional components and microelements.
What to do with drying asparagus?
When the yellowness of asparagus is not strong, for its recovery it is enough to resume watering, remove the plant from the shade or, conversely, move it away from the sun, moisten the air or feed it. But a seriously diseased plant asparagus needs special, comprehensive care. From the drying asparagus, they cut off all lifeless stems, and then pour the earthen clod well, it is useful to get the plant out of the pot and subject it to a thorough inspection.
If the roots are affected by rot, dried and no longer revive, such areas must be removed, leaving only the light dense nodules, still able to give new shoots. If necessary, the root system can be carefully divided and get several young seedlings at once, which will grow in a short time and become a decoration of the house. Planted in a nutrient loose substrate asparagusa watered, and mulch on top of the soil. The roots that have preserved their viability, while observing the rules of care for asparagus, will soon manifest themselves and give rise to shoots.
Asparagus has exquisite taste, contains a low percentage of calories, is rich in minerals and vitamins, is considered a delicacy. Asparagus is a cold-resistant plant that endures spring frosts on the soil surface. Growth activation is restored during the period of atmospheric temperature +10 0 C. Asparagus blooms in July, and the ovary begins in August.
Tip: For the development and formation of the fruits of asparagus should prepare a plot with direct sunlight.
Для получения полноценного урожая в процессе созревания аспарагуса необходимо время от времени удобрять и поливать почву. Полив должен быть умеренным, иначе растения погибнут от гниения корневой системы. Грунт для спаржи должен быть удобрен минералами или компостными смесями. Перед высадкой растения в землю проводится перекапывание и взрыхление почвы, после чего земля уравнивается граблями, удаляя грудки и сорную траву.
Выращивание аспарагуса производится из семян. Их высаживают весной или в последних числах сентября в ранее подготовленные лунки. A year later, the seedlings are planted in a permanent place. If the soil on the site is sour-alkaline, it is necessary to producci. To obtain a full crop of asparagus in the ground should not be the roots of vegetables that grew in the previous year. You can get a harvest of useful asparagus three years after it was planted in the ground.
This is a 5 cm beetle whose larvae eat shoots at the initial stage of their formation. The raid on asparagus of this pest occurs at the end of May and lasts until August. If you do not treat the beds, the ratchet fully eats the leaves and shoots, after which the plant stops growth and dries out completely. For one season, these bugs lay larvae, pupating in the ground under the plants.
Control measures: Cleaning of bugs or spraying of asparagus seedlings with toxic chemicals, loosening the soil in order to avoid laying the rattle larvae, transferring asparagus to a new place.
Larvae of the caterpillar, which infect the back of the leaves of asparagus, after which they turn yellow, curl and die.
Control measures. Shoots and leaves are sprayed with a solution of soap with salt or tincture of alcohol. If the lesion has a large scale, karbofos is used. Repeated spraying should be done after two weeks.
Small aphids affecting the leaves of asparagus seedlings, causing colorlessness and abnormal development of the shoots. The stems and shoots of asparagus acquire a curvature, suspend growth. Asparagus is the most common cause of thrips.
Control measures. It is required daily, especially in sunny weather, to irrigate the beds with asparagus. Within a month, plants can be treated several times with malathion.
It is formed on the fruits of asparagus. Determine the defeat of gray rot can be powdery gray on the fly. The causative agent of rot is the instability of the temperature front, increased humidity in the air.
Control measures: If the defeat has become widespread, the garden bed must be sprinkled with Bordeaux mixture or copper oxychloride. Asparagus planting sites should be changed every 5-6 years, and also planted without damaging the root system.
Insect affecting asparagus in mid-May to late June. The female lays eggs inside the asparagus shoots. After a week, the larvae begin to eat away the core of the stem. The plant breaks and fades.
Control measures: In the period of possible flight of an insect for asparagus, it is necessary to inspect the plants, and if a pest is found, pick off the shoots with the larvae. If pests hit most of the plants, asparagus is treated with chemicals. In order to avoid settling the larvae in the ground, asparagus is transplanted.
Asparagus disease prevention
In order to protect the plant in advance from all kinds of garden parasites, in the fall or early spring, asparagus is recommended to be treated with Bordeaux mixture or other fungicidal agents: Fitosporin, Topaz, Topsin.
Tip: A positive result can bring a spraying of asparagus Karbofos - a drug with a low percentage of toxicity that does not have a smell. It is purchased in hardware stores.
Spraying is carried out in case of detection of the first signs of the presence of a disease or insect infestation. Every week should be inspected seedlings. If there are larvae on the leaves, they need to be picked up, taken out of the site and destroyed at the stake. Also should not be left in the ground remnants of the roots and stems from the previous harvest, weeding the beds from weeds.
Not bad destroys the larvae of pests deposited in the ground, deep plowing between the rows. In order not to resort to pesticides, plants such as basil, calendula, parsley and cherry tomatoes can be planted between the rows of asparagus to repel pests. The essential oil present in the basil will scare the rattle bug, it should be planted along the asparagus. The smell of calendula and parsley also contributes to scaring off the asparagus rattle and the fly.
Crop tomato bushes can be planted between asparagus between rows, which will minimize the deposition of larvae by greenhouse thrips. If you take care of asparagus in a timely manner, then damage to its pests and diseases can be minimized.
A simple way of breeding - the division of the bushes.
- Good moisturize earthen room.
- Wetted roots straighten and cut a little.
- Divide the plant into several separate seedlings.
- Each part is planted in a separate pot with fertile soil.
The division into separate parts is often painfully perceived by asparagus. The plant takes time to survive a stressful situation.
Propagation by cuttings carried out in early spring.
- Shoots cut into cuttings 8-12 cm long.
- Rooted in wet sand.
- The container is covered with a film and placed in a warm place (+ 20–22 ° С).
- Regularly moisturize and air the greenhouse.
- Rooting occurs within 4–6 weeks.
- Strong plants with young leaves transplanted to a permanent place.
Reproduction stem cuttings carried out in early spring
Once I bought the seeds of asparagus Meyer. The picture is a very spectacular plant. Of the two large seeds, one rose after a long time. But in 5 years a microscopic shrub grew out of it. Now I bought some more seeds, I want to try again.
My asparagus for many years. In principle, there are no special problems with it. But lately something has happened - his shoots are turning red and dried needles are raining right down, but there are almost no new shoots. What happened? And is it possible to somehow save asparagus? Changed nothing, stands in his corner.
I like asparaguses very much, but they don’t take root, maybe dry air? I tried to sow in the spring - it rose very quickly, but it grew to a certain period (probably, the heat) and dried up.
Here is my asparagus ... almost naked, I noticed that it has dried little twigs, only they will come out of the ground, only I will be pleased and .... After a couple of days, they are already drying up, and needles fall off from the adult branches. I rarely water it, because I was told that he stores moisture in tubers and loves a little drying ... standing in the kitchen, there is enough light. Try water more often? Or is there some other problem?
... I also want to have asparagus, but I like to propagate either by cuttings or seeds, and not to buy ready pot plants. Tried seeds - did not work. Now the question is - and can be propagated by the very nodules mentioned earlier, which need to be removed during plant transplantation. And then I got three nodules ... In general, I have already planted them in the ground, I will wait for germination.
A few months ago, I looked into the store an interesting plant - fluffy, soft, bright green, with needle leaves, like needles. It turned out that Asparagus. I decided to buy. I immediately had an association with him, so soft and fluffy in appearance - comfort and warmth in the house. Now standing on the windowsill and pleases the eye. Charm. I began to water it and its foliage became much brighter, greener than it was in the store. The only inconvenience from him is the falling leaves of the needles, which create a garbage look to the window sill on which the flower stands. In all other respects, I like him. Growing, giving new shoots, Asparagus quickly, if you water it regularly.
Due to its simplicity, asparagus is very popular with gardeners. It can be grown as a climbing plant, if you put a support. Or put the flower in a hanging pots - then it will grow as an ampel, forming a beautiful cascade. Florists often use asparagus in floral arrangements, its fluffy twigs favorably shade roses and gerberas. In addition, it is believed that this plant clears space, neutralizes negative energy, creates a feeling of peace and comfort in the house.