Celery or lovage? Coming into the market is easy to make a mistake with their choice. Not everyone knows that celery and lovage are not the same, but different plants and their similarity is only conditional. Let's try to understand the truth and learn to recognize them at a glance.
What is a lovage?
Lovage is an edible, medicinal, perennial, herbaceous plant of the umbrella family. Since ancient times, known as a spicy culture, which has a pronounced taste and aroma.
Historical homeland - Iran. It has similarities with parsley and celery. The British called him "love parsley", while in Russia they call him "winter celery." The main destination: culinary and medicinal.
- thick, branched roots,
- root depth about 0.5 m,
- height 2m and more
- stem dense at the base, juicy,
- leaves are large, pinnately divided,
- leaf color is dark green,
- inflorescences are white, small,
- aroma spicy
- the taste is slightly hot,
- pleasant aftertaste, bitter.
Lovage plant is not only tasty, but also very useful. It consists of more than 200 substances. Among them are potassium, vitamins of a wide group of action, malic acid, mineral compounds and essential oils. In Russia, all parts of the plant were considered a means increase male powerand in Europe - a female aphrodisiac.
Use in cooking
Lyubistok is a gourmet spice. In fresh form, the most suitable young foliage. With age, it becomes tough and less tasty. Leaves can be prepared for the winter, dried or frozen.
Lovage goes well with seasonal vegetable salads, with hot first, meat and fish dishes.
Rhizome and juice of all parts of the culture is famous for healing power. It is used in folk medicine for the treatment of:
- getting rid of worms
- diseases of internal organs
- diseases of the upper respiratory tract,
- nervous disorders and insomnia,
For cosmetic purposes, extracts from parts of lovage are used. It is added to shampoo against hair loss and for hair growth. Juice helps to whiten the skin of the face. It is used in creams against freckles and to reduce pigmentation.
Baths with the addition of such an aromatic oil relieve inflammation of the skin, heal microcracks and cuts. Lotions and decoctions treat acne, pimples, purulent inflammation.Lovage used in cosmetology
Lovage are grown in sunny areas, or in partial shade. Starting in May, you can feast on his young, juicy leaves. Vegetable is demanding of moisture, during drought foliage turns yellow. It is frost-resistant and does not demand shelter. Propagated by the seed method and the method of dividing the parent bush. It takes root in a new place painlessly and grows very quickly.
What is celery?
Celery is known to the world for many thousands of years, as a useful spice. In the wild, it grows in the regions of the Mediterranean in swamps and salt marshes. It is a spicy, edible, umbrella annual plant. There are three types: leaf, root and stalked.
- root system weakly branching, small,
- plant height from 0.3 to 1 m,
- the stem of the petiole is juicy, dense, and the leaf is thin and grassy,
- leaves are not large pinnately dissected type,
- color is saturated green,
- inflorescences are small, greenish,
- the aroma is pale and spicy
- taste is pleasant, not spicy,
- aftertaste without bitterness.
In terms of the amount of vitamins, it is among the top five healthy vegetables. It contains amino acids and carotene, essential oils, nicotinic acid, amino acids, thiamine and riboflavin, vitamins E, A, B and androsterone (male sex hormone).
Cooks use all parts of the plant “from chords to roots”. Leaves and roots go to vegetable salads, meat and fish dishes, for making soups and broths. They can be dried or frozen, while celery will not lose its positive qualities.
Petioles can be eaten fresh, added to salads, in the first and second courses. Roasted or roasted petioles - this is a delicious side dish, they are served with meat and fish dishes. Use healthy juice from petioles and use it in combination with tomato, cucumber and cabbage.
Celery Root is a separate story. It is baked like a turnip. Cook and fry like potatoes. Vegetable goes well with apples, grapefruit, chicken breast, cheeses and nuts.
Herring, as a drug, is not inferior to lovable. Beneficial effect on the digestive tract, improves appetite. Eating the juice of its leaves at night calms the nerves and guarantees good sleep. Nutritionists recommend eating it for weight loss.
In folk medicine, it is used as:
- diuretic and laxative,
- stimulator of digestive organs,
- in the treatment and prevention of kidney disease,
- to clean the blood
- with diabetes.
All parts of the culture can not be consumed by young children, pregnant women, as well as with a tendency to hemorrhoids and pyelonephritis. Doctors do not recommend to get involved in them with diseases of the stomach and intestinal problems.
It is not recommended to use celery for women who are breastfeeding and pregnant.
Celery and lovage, how does one differ from the other?
Let's sum up. Celery and lovage are different in many ways.
The similarity is as follows:
- Botanical umbrella family.
- Similar taste and aroma.
- Culinary destination.
- The use of cosmetology.
- Use in medicine.
- The presence of individual contraindications.
The differences in vegetable crops are clearly shown in the table.
Lovage - the owner of many-sided names
Lovage has a large number of folk names - lyubistik, amateur, love-grass, sweetheart, amateur, piper. This plant has a thick rhizome, which strongly forks from the base. The stems grow to a height of two meters. The dark green color of the leaves glitters when light hits it. The flowers are small, combined into inflorescences. Fruits are yellow-brown with thick winged ribs. Lovage itself has a strong spicy smell.
The plant can not be found in the wild, grown only by cultivation.
Lubish root is valued by its healing means for many diseases, including dropsy. It is widely used in the treatment of colds, the children were allowed to eat young stems to expel worms. In general, the root of this plant is a folk remedy for the treatment of diseases of internal organs.
Application in cooking takes one of the places of honor due to the spicy taste of fresh leaves. After trying, you first feel the sweetish, then spicy spicy, and a bit bitter taste. The fresh leaves of the cook plant are added to salads, sauces, soups, meats, fish and poultry. To enhance the meat taste - the leaves are added to the broth.
Dry leaves are well suited for making various seasonings, especially when combined with parsley, onions, and so on. As a result, the prepared mixtures are often recommended for use in the diet.
Lovage are grown in open sunny places in a warm season, the most suitable place will be a shaded area. The plant is perennial, tolerates winter. Demanding of moisture - with its lack of leaves often turn yellow.
Lovage is planted by seed or dividing the bush in the spring (autumn). Germination occurs a month after planting.
Celery is a close relative of lovage
Celery plant is grown by three cultivated species: leaf, stalked and root. The leaves have a rich green color, but they are softer and lighter. Smack less spicy and spicy than the lovage.
The vitamin composition of the plant includes carotene and beneficial amino acids. Celery is used in healing directions. It has a good effect on the digestive system, renews the appetite, soothes the nerves, restores sleep, fights against obesity. In cooking, the use found both leaves and root fruits, and petioles. Leaves are added to salads. Decorations are made for dishes, thanks to the beautiful color and useful properties. You can also add dried leaves.
Stalked celery is good to bake or roast. Thus, it is possible to make an independent dish from it, especially if you stuff it with vegetables. This type of celery is used for squeezing the most useful juice. For garnish, root celery is applied to meat or fish. It can be baked, boiled, fried. The most common dish is celery salad with apples. The vitamin composition of this plant is striking in its diversity.
- essential oils,
- amino acids
- a nicotinic acid.
Vitamin A, K, E are contained in all parts: leaves, root, petioles. The usefulness of celery is displayed in a mild diuretic and laxative effect. From here comes the fact that it works well for cleaning the body of toxins. Widely used in dietary nutrition.
Essential oils stimulate the entire body - improves skin condition, positively affects the functioning of internal organs. Quite often you can find recipes for diets with celery, which are able to clean the blood and improve liver function. Pleasant taste stimulates the appetite, in combination with meat contributes to the secretion of gastric juice, which relieves a person from weight after eating. Celery improves kidney function, therefore it is often used as a source of therapy in the treatment of these organs.
For those who have problem vision, this plant will contribute to improvement. Taking a tablespoon of celery juice in half with honey, strengthens the immune system and helps to cope with a bad mood.
Growing this plant occurs through seedlings. Two to three months before planting in the open ground planted seeds. Celery, unlike its twin lovage, poorly copes with frost. Therefore, it is recommended to plant it in the spring with the arrival of warm weather.
Lovage: the main features and useful properties
It is believed that since ancient times, this plant has been used not only as a valuable medicinal product, but also as a love pot. Because of this, it has received many other names: love grass, love potion, pet, etc.
Previously, bushes of this perennial plant necessarily grew near each house. It came as a seasoning for various dishes, and as a medicine. In the summer, it was added to fresh vegetables, soups, canned foods and other dishes, besides it was engaged in preparations for the winter.
As a medicinal plant we love grass helps to cure diseases of the lungs, gastrointestinal tract and heart. It is also known that the well-pounded fresh leaves of this plant were used to relieve headaches. To do this, obtained from the leaves gruel was applied as a compress to the diseased areas on the head.
In addition to the leaves, the root system of the plant is also used, both in culinary and medicinal matters. In cooking, from the roots make jam and candied fruits. However, it is worth remembering that the roots can be dug strictly at certain periods: either in early spring or late autumn. During flowering plants its roots are poisonous. From the roots prepare a variety of infusions and decoctions.
Celery: the main features and useful properties
Celery is known as a spicy vegetable. The leaves are soft green and have a pleasant aroma and a little resemble parsley.
There are only three types of this plant:
Their names directly tell about their main differences from each other. The root species is characterized by the presence of a solid root. The remaining celery species have a tap root system. Leaf boasts bulky fragrant greens, and petiole strong juicy stems.
Although we love the herb for use in medicine much more than celery, we should not think that it is useless. It contains many vitamins, salts and minerals that positively affect the processes in the human body. This vegetable is also highly valued for its low calorie content and the ability to purify the human body. In this regard, it is often recommended to use people suffering from excess weight. In addition, it is recommended to use it for such ailments as asthenia, stress and neurosis, insomnia, as well as a good means of improving immunity and improves metabolism.
In cooking, both the leaves and the roots with stems are used. They are added to various salads, to the first and second courses, casseroles and when canning.
How to distinguish lovage from celery
Very often you can hear how lovage is called mountain celery. This name appeared because of their similarity, but this is not true. First of all, it is worth noting that these two plants belong to different botanical genera. If lovage can safely be called a plant, then celery is proudly called a spicy vegetable.
However, many gardeners instead of celery give their preference to lovage. This is due to the fact that the last perennial plant, not so demanding to care, tolerates winter frosts, not capricious to the presence of sunlight and heat. It is also worth noting that there are as many useful components in it as there is in celery.
If you compare lovage and celery by smell, then it is worth noting that the lovage fragrance is very similar to its one-year-old fellow. But to taste they have significant differences: love the grass has a more pronounced sharp and even slightly salty-bitter taste.
If we consider in detail the appearance of celery and lovage, we can note the following points:
- love the grass has a darker color
- celery leaves are softer to the touch,
- Lovage grows much more, especially after a few years.
In general, the following can be said: both one and the second plant are incredibly similar, not only in appearance but also in flavor. Both are used in cooking, but only lovage is used as a medicinal plant to cure various diseases. Although celery helps fight excess weight, has the ability to cleanse the body and prevent premature aging of the skin, it is still grown and used more often as a vegetable.
Although, even if we compare the use of these two plants in cooking, it should be said that lovage is a more spicy spice, the favorite of German and Ukrainian cooks, and celery has an exquisite but more delicate flavor, which is usually added as regular parsley, only in smaller volume.
Other materials on the topic:
We are very pleased that you, dear readers, are increasingly appearing on the pages of our blog. A team of professional nutritionists, homeopaths and folk healers works especially for you.
If you read the material and it was useful for you, please share it in social networks. We will be very grateful to you!
What does celery look like?
The most common representative of the umbrella family, celery is a biennial about 60-80 cm high. There are three types of celery: leaf, petiolate and root. Celery root forms a large rounded root with a diameter of about 10 cm. Celery celery is distinguished by large leaves with dense petioles, and leaf celery has both leaflets and small petioles. All parts of celery are edible and have a strong spicy aroma.
What does a lovage look like?
Like celery, lovage belong to the umbrella family. The stem of the lovage can reach a height of 2 meters and has a bare surface of a bluish color, leafy only at the very top. The leaves of the lovage are very similar to the leaves of celery, the same shiny and pinnate. The aroma of this plant is also similar to celery, due to which the plant has received the name of winter celery.
Lovage and celery - the differences
Despite external similarity and close kinship, lovage and celery are still separate plants from each other and have a lot of differences:
- Lovage refers to the spices: its roots and greens are used only as a seasoning, for perfuming various marinades and dishes, as well as for medicinal purposes. Even a little bit of greens lovage can give food a kind of "mushroom" flavor. Celery is a vegetable, its root and stalks can be used as food in their own right: for preparing salads, pickles and first courses.
- The leaves of lovage have a much darker color than the leaves of celery. Celery greens are more tender to the touch and taste - it is sharp, sharp and almost bitter in the lovage.
- Celery is a biennial plant known for its capricious temper: it suffers from the slightest temperature fluctuations, is afraid of cold weather and stagnation of water. Since the growing season of celery takes a lot of time, it is mainly practiced by its seedling cultivation, the seeds for which are sown in late February and early March. Celery is transplanted into the open ground in May, when the danger of recurrent frosts finally disappears. Lovage same applies to perennials and its cultivation on the site does not cause any trouble: it easily tolerates small frosts, grows rapidly, reaching a height of 2 meters. Размножать любисток можно как делением куста, так посевом семян в открытый грунт, причем делать это можно как весной, так и осенью. Но в большинстве случаев это растение размножается самостоятельно, так как множество из его осыпавшихся осенью семян благополучно прорастает весной.
- In folk medicine, lovage is most often used to treat various kinds of inflammatory processes, catarrhal diseases, etc. In addition, the ability to positively influence the intimate sphere was noticed behind him, as its name indicates. It should be remembered that this plant is strictly contraindicated for women in an interesting position. Celery is also famous for its ability to normalize metabolic processes, due to which it is widely used in various diets.
Lyubistok - a perennial, grassy plant of the umbrella family, with a branchy upright stem. Lovage height - up to 2 meters. The lovage root system in the first year of life is of the rod type, and in the second year a massive rhizome begins to form, outside it is yellow-brown, and inside is white.
Lovage medicinal (Levisticum officinale) in nature. Photo: commons.wikimedia.org
- The leaves of the lovage look like celery leaves, only larger and on long petioles. Due to their high content of essential oils, they are always cool to the touch.
- Lovage is frost-resistant, when the soil freezes up to 1 meter and frost up to −30 ° C, its rhizomes remain viable. Its above-ground part transfers short-term frosts down to −8 ° C.
- Lovage is unpretentious, but prefers rich in humus soil. It grows best after the cultures under which manure was applied. At one place lovage grows well up to 10 years.
- Lovage is drought-resistant, however, with a lack of moisture it grows worse, and its greens grows coarse. At a young age, the plant is demanding of sunlight, and in the adult it grows well in slightly shaded areas.
Features of growing lovage
Due to the long period of cultivation lovage in one place, the soil before planting must be carefully prepared. When digging the soil in autumn, 1 bucket of organic fertilizer and 2–3 tablespoons of nitrophoska per 1 m 2 must be added. Digging must be deep - at least 25 cm.Lovage medicinal (Levisticum officinale) in the garden. Source: www.uniprot.org
Lovage propagated by sowing seeds in the ground (in early spring or late autumn), seedlings or vegetatively - by dividing the bushes and root cuttings.
The easiest and fastest methods of its reproduction are the division of the bushes and the root cuttings, which, together with the kidney, are planted in the ground in early May. From such cuttings young plants develop quickly.
When seed breeding lovage, its seeds are pre-soaked for 2 days in warm water, then they are held until pecking in a damp cloth.
In open ground, seeds are sown in early spring to a depth of 2–2.5 cm with a row spacing of 10–15 cm.
Seeds begin to germinate at +3. +4 ° C. Shoots appear in 15-25 days. They should be thinned first to 12–15 cm, then to 30–35 cm, gradually bringing the distance between plants and rows to 60–70 cm. The older the bush, the more it grows in width.
When breeding lovage seedlings in open ground, it is planted at the age of 40–50 days from the beginning of May for 5–6 weeks. At the same time, bushes are dividing or root cuttings taken from plants not less than three years old are planted.
In this case, the roots are chopped into several parts with a sharp shovel, it is necessary to sprinkle the places of the cuts with pounded coal. After planting young plants, all the leaves are cut off, leaving only young leaves.
Caring for lovage is weeding, loosening the soil, watering, feeding.
In the first year of life, lovage forms a rosette of leaves, and since the second year it blooms and bears fruit. Therefore, in the area of the second year it is necessary to systematically remove the flowering shoots.Peduncles of lovage. Photo: www.awl.ch
Lovage need to be watered regularly, for the season at least 4–5 times, in dry weather, watering should be abundant, otherwise the greens become rough and bitter. After watering the soil should be loosened to a depth of 3-5 cm.
In adult plants, it is necessary to add annually in the spring under each bush 1 teaspoon of ammonium nitrate and half a bucket of rotted compost with the addition of a half-cup of wood ash.
Greens are cut from annual plants at the end of August. From the second year of life greens can be cut from June to August. Young leaves, together with petioles, are cut at a height of 6–8 cm. During a season, it is cut at least 3-4 times.
After each cut of the plant, it is desirable to make a liquid fertilizer nitrophoska (1 tbsp. Spoon in a bucket of water) or any other complete mineral fertilizer. With an annual crop at the end of September, the plants are removed entirely.
Collection and storage of lovage
Lubish roots are removed in the third year of plant life. They are cleaned from the ground, washed, cut and dried to brittleness in the shade, in a well-ventilated room or around a non-hot stove. Dried leaves and roots are stored in tightly closed jars.Rhizomes of lovage. Source: www.henriettes-herb.com
The lovage has no rest period, so it is used for winter forcing greenery in an apartment. For this, the roots are dug up before frosts and stored in the basement, sprinkled with sand. At the same time, in the autumn pruning, the leaves are pruned carefully so as not to damage the apical buds.
As the need arises, lovage roots are pulled out of the basement and planted tightly to each other in boxes with a moist soil mixture. At the same time it is impossible to cover the top of the roots with earth. Greens are cut as needed, leaving 2–3 cm long petioles.
Medicinal properties and use
Connoisseurs appreciate lovage as a therapeutic and cosmetic product, with a strong aroma and spicy spicy taste, reminiscent of celery.
Lovage is used as a seasoning in fresh and dried form. Greens are used in soups, salads, meat dishes with rice, they prepare butter and cheese mixtures.
When salting vegetables use greens and seeds of lovage. Rhizomes are dried and consumed in powder form. Cooked from them jam and candied fruit. Prepare candied fruits cut into rings of young stems.
For medicinal purposes, use the root and leaves lovage. In scientific medicine from the lovage root, preparations are prepared for the treatment of heart, lung, and nervous diseases.
In folk medicine, lovage is known as a diuretic, heart, expectorant, cleansing and painkiller. Lubish root whets the appetite and relieves stomach cramps.
Lovage is used for dropsy to increase diuresis (for leg edema), for inflammation of the kidneys and bladder. It is recommended for delayed menstruation, to stimulate the secretion of bile, for gout and rheumatism, for catarrh of the respiratory organs and for baths with difficult-to-heal wounds and ulcers on the skin.
Outwardly decoction of lovage root is used to improve hair growth and against hair loss. If you gently bruise a fresh leaf of a plant and attach it to your forehead, then the headache is reduced.
Recipes infusion and decoction
Lust infusion: a teaspoon of dry shredded roots pour 1 cup boiling water, insist 20-30 minutes. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day. Do not boil lovage roots - this will destroy the essential oils.
For eczema, psoriasis, pruritus, neurodermatitis, infusion of the root is used for baths.
Infusion of the root is advised to take with impotence.
Broth of fruits and leaves of lovage: 1 teaspoon of raw materials for 1 cup of boiling water and use 1 tablespoon 3 times a day. The leaves are harvested in summer, and the seeds and roots are in August.
A decoction of lovage root is prepared at the rate of 30-40 g of the root per 1 liter of water, boil for 5-7 minutes (you can soak the roots for the night). After that, strain and drink, divided into 5 receptions.
This recipe is used in diseases of the heart, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, as a diuretic, expectorant, as a means to alleviate pain during painful menstruation and inflammation of the urinary organs.
Attention: lovage is contraindicated in pregnant women and in inflammation of the renal parenchyma.
Lovage medicinal: description and care
In the people he was given a lot of names: Lyube, mountain celery, love-grass, and even - a love potion. Lyubistok (Levisticum officinale) - the only representative of its kind. This plant reaches a height of more than 2 m. Its powerful stem is hollow inside (piper), the leaves are pinnate, dark green, with a strong spicy aroma. All parts of a plant have a smell, including a root. Lovage blooms "umbrellas" with small yellow flowers.
Lovage - cold-resistant perennial. Flowering and ripening occurs in the second year of life. To multiply and care for him is very simple. Sow culture ridges, thinning planting up to 60 cm between plants.
Lovage is planted on moderately moist, nutritious, not heavy soils. For full growth and development, fertilizers are applied:
- mineral complexes with potassium,
- humus or compost.
The composition of the mixture for feeding, you can take this:
- compost 4-5 kg
- urea 20 g,
- superphosphate 30 g,
- ash 1 cup.
In order for the plant to grow tubers, it is necessary to remove flower stalks. The roots are removed in the second year and used for its intended purpose.
Spicy celery on the garden
Celery has three types:
Unlike lovage, its taste and aroma is less tart. Culture is inferior to lovage in size (height up to 1 m). In agrotechnology plants have a lot in common. Celery is a two year old. It develops well in wet soils. Resistant to cold and light frosts.
Celery is grown by seedling. Seeds are being prepared for landing by February. A month after the emergence of seedlings, dive seedlings in separate containers. Top dressing is produced with a solution of Nitrophoska (1 tsp. Per bucket of water). Before planting in the ground, the seedlings are hardened - taking out for a few hours.
Attention! Do not overdo seedlings of root celery, it will slow down the development of tubers.
The distance in the ridges for stem and leaf celery is 15-20 cm, for root no less than 25 cm.
Celery does not tolerate drying out of the soil. On dry days, the beds are watered every day. Young planting support herbal infusion. A couple of weeks after landing in the ground - with a solution of bird droppings or with mullein. In the middle of the season - with superphosphate (30 g per 1 m²). Spicy vegetable beds need weeding, mulching and loosening.
Leaf celery is dug out with the first cold and transplanted into pots at home. A good way to have fresh greens on the table.
Lovage and celery are equally rich in vitamins and nutrients. Some differences in the cultivation and care of plants, due to the belonging of crops to different species of the same family.