General information

Laying in laying hens

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


How to move the hens from one place to another so that the stress was minimal? (Fatima)

Hello, Fatima. Thank you for your question, as it is very important. I think many poultry farmers have noticed how sharply the egg production of chickens decreases if they experience stress when they change their surroundings or move. Birds, like any other animals, get used to their mode and daily routine, to the conditions and habitat. But what to do if such a phenomenon as a move is inevitable? In this case, you can recommend to do a few basic techniques.

The first option is if you transfer the chickens to a new house or a barn, which is located next to the old one. For example, you have increased the population or decided to upgrade the building. In this case, pre-adaptation will help minimize stress. What does it mean? You need to teach and make love a new place for the hens before they move to it.

For example, you can give food in a new place. Chickens are well aware of the feeding time, they know their feeding trough, so at the right time they will run after you and with food. However, do not forget that birds remember new places for a long time, so it will not be enough several times. Do a new way at least a week and a half.

If the house or barn is in the same area as the old one, try to let the chickens out whenever possible. Let the bird get used to its setting. Out of curiosity, some bold layers can enter a new building, check what's inside. Other birds will follow.

Things are much more difficult if birds need to be transported to a completely new place at all. Here, stress is indispensable, but you can try to reduce it. For example, try to make the interior of a house or a new place not too different from the old one. Try not to change the color scheme, the location of the nests, perches.

Be sure to transfer to the new place after thorough cleaning and processing of the old trough, drinking trough, roost, nests. If you want to replace them, do not do everything at once. You can put at once two kinds of perches: old and new. Birds will sit at their usual and get used to the new. The same applies to the feeders, drinkers, nests and other equipment.

In general, adaptation in chickens proceeds quickly and easily. As a rule, poor productivity and nervousness can be traced in the first 5-7 days. After this, the egg production returns to normal. Do not forget about the proper care and feeding of poultry. Compliance with the schedule and all the necessary rules will help speed up the process of adaptation. Successes!

Find out more

Why did the chickens stop beating?

After dissection, growths were found in chickens in the chest.

Rhodonite chickens stopped rushing - what to do?

How long does the molting in chickens

Almost always, moulting occurs in the fall in adult birds as young as 2 years old, and also in young individuals in the spring.

The molting period in laying hens lasts from 1 to 2 months. In a weakened bird, it can drag on for more than 3 months and, as a rule, passes in the summer. This refers to the natural process of renewing the plumage in a healthy population.

Important! If the process of plumage change has been delayed, the bird has become sluggish - you should consult a veterinarian for advice.

At this time, the bird in the body certain changes occur:

  • detoxification,
  • the metabolism is accelerated
  • internal organs are stimulated
  • sexual activity ceases,
  • egg production is reduced.

With long-term maintenance of livestock shed several times, the process is divided into several stages.

  1. Primary (juvenile). The change of plumage begins at the youngest age, when chickens at the age of 1 month begin to grow actively. The primary (juvenile) feather changes to the main one. Molting time - age 3-4 months. Upon reaching five months, the chicken has the appearance of a feather corresponding to the breed.
  2. Seasonal (periodic). In the autumn, before the onset of cold weather, there is a regular and usual molt for poultry farmers. So the livestock is preparing for lower temperatures and climate change. Terms directly depend on the age of the bird. Full hens discard feathers and change them to new ones very quickly, starting in October. The process slows down in laying hens, with a low percentage of egg production. These begin to fade in the summer. Active process is determined by the lost wing feathers on the wings. At one time they lose from 3 to 5 pieces. Seasonal change of feather refers only to the livestock contained in the hen house, with the possibility of walking on the street. The bird living in cages does not cease to rush and endures molting gradually and almost imperceptibly.
  3. Age. Changes in the body with age, affect productivity and are the first sign that the livestock needs to be updated. It is inexpedient to hold hens for more than 1.5 years: the meat becomes tough, the hen often gets sick and loses weight.
  4. Forced. Run by poultry farmers with the help of chemicals. Provides simultaneous change of plumage and increase egg production later.

The bird's immune system is weakened during this period. Do not replenish livestock to avoid the occurrence of infections. Having updated the plumage, the hen quickly recovers and, under favorable conditions, after 1, 5 months begins to rush.

The change of feathers is different. Depends on the content of the bird, its age, breed and time of year. Sometimes the process takes place almost imperceptibly externally, sometimes the hens remain almost hairless. Young healthy individuals survive this period much more painlessly and faster than adults, more than 1 year old, chickens.

Unnatural, local baldness can be due to several reasons. In most cases, this problem faced novice poultry farmers.

Malnutrition

In case of non-compliance with the rules of feeding, chickens can receive less the necessary amount of vitamins and trace elements. In addition to the loss of feathers, they have a tarnish of scallops, lack of luster on the plumage, and a decrease in egg production.

Recommended recovery methods:

  • to diversify and increase the amount of feed,
  • add special mineral supplements to your diet,
  • to give sulfur or glauber salt with feeds at the rate of 1 g per 1 individual,
  • give in 2-3 days with food and water potassium permanganate and potassium iodide.

A hungry bird also begins to go bald, so one should count the amount of food. Up to 150 g of mixed feed is put on 1 adult, in winter time the rate is increased. Layers need a balanced diet at any time of the year. Therefore, rational owners procure all the necessary ingredients for future use.

Incorrect conditions

Molting of hens often occurs because of their living in inappropriate conditions, it is easy to correct the situation.

  1. Clean the room and disinfect it.
  2. Provide outdoor walks in any weather.
  3. Maintain recommended air temperature.
  4. Equip the ventilation system in the room.

Care must be taken to ensure the availability of a dry, high-quality bedding, clean feeders and drinkers. You can not keep a bird in a wet room without airing. Light should always be enough. The litter is changed regularly, preventing rotting.

Tip! Contraindicated the content of a large number of chickens in close quarters. Neighborhood with another bird during the molting period is undesirable.

If possible, laying hens should be separated from the rest of the livestock to eliminate stressful situations.

How to speed up molting in laying hens

Artificial molt is used by poultry farmers as a method to reduce the cost of maintaining poultry and increasing egg production.

Forced shedding has several advantages:

  • increase in egg mass up to 20%
  • improving the quality of the shell, proteins and yolks,
  • increase chickens
  • getting rid of sick and weakened individuals.

Accelerated feather exchange is usually closer to the end of the period of productivity, at the age of 65-67 weeks, as soon as the intensity of egg-laying decreases. If the hens have halved their productivity, you can begin the forced molting procedure.

Reference! Contraindicated procedure for poultry younger than 30 weeks.

It is recommended to separate in such cases, chickens from roosters. This can reduce the fertilization ability and reduce the weight and functionality of the testes. Forced shedding lasts from 1 to 1.5 months and is divided into 3 stages:

  1. the bird ceases to run for 4-5 days
  2. feathers begin to fall out after 1.5-2 weeks,
  3. feather cover is restored after 1 month, with the hens beginning to lay eggs.

Three main methods are used: restriction of daylight, food and water. If you combine them, it will shorten the time.
On an industrial scale, in large poultry farms, hormonal and chemical preparations are used.

How to feed laying hens during molting

In addition to enhanced care, an improved ration is needed when laying plumage changes. The content of protein products increases:

  • cottage cheese,
  • sour milk,
  • serum,
  • boiled fish and meat,
  • meat broth.

Vegetables are preferably given in boiled form, mainly in the feed should be present:

  • potatoes,
  • carrot,
  • fruits (apples, pears),
  • pumpkin,
  • zucchini and squash.

In order to avoid gastrointestinal disorders, it is not recommended to give beets at this time. Mineral dressing - are required. In the feed add:

Prepare wet mash in such an amount that the bird can eat everything for half an hour. Leftovers from the table will do, but they must be fresh. It is useful to include in the diet germinated wheat grains.

Tip! Nettle is used as a vitamin supplement. In the summer it is crushed and given fresh, and also harvested in brooms for the winter.

In the cold season, when the hens have no opportunity to graze, viburnum berries, mountain ash, and hawthorn are mixed into the food. As a source of sulfur, cabbage is indispensable. You can use all of its species: kohlrabi, color, white. Nutritious and healthy ingredients of peas and corn will help the bird to moult faster. Food is given three times a day, manganese or iodine is added to the water for prophylaxis.

After molting

Healthy chickens after molting are quickly restored, but require special attention. In addition to improved nutrition, they create a comfortable environment, depending on the time of year and conditions of detention. In winter, when the plumage is partially absent, it is worthwhile to regulate the temperature regime in the hen house. Install additional sources of heat so that the air warms up to at least 20 degrees.

Layers reach maximum egg production by about 5-6 months. After a year of life, by the time of seasonal molting, the percentage of egg production is reduced by almost 2 times. After 1.5-2 months, having recovered, the chickens will start to fly again. But the previous effectiveness of them can not be expected. They will begin to rush after molting much worse, no more than 80% of previous results. There is also a risk that “false” hens will appear among the livestock. They are easily recognizable by an enlarged cockscomb. Experienced poultry farmers recognize these and culled by the method of feeling. The distance between the sciatic bones will not exceed 2-3 cm.

Chickens do not overgrow with a feather after a molt in the case of alopecia - a disease that causes baldness. The bird loses feathers, regardless of the season and conditions of detention and age. There are several causes of the disease:

  1. Improper nutrition. Negative effects of vitamins and microelements, or their surplus. Inexperienced owners can not calculate the required amount of feed and mineral additives. Or prepare a diet of incompatible ingredients.
  2. Inappropriate conditions of detention. The reason for the loss of plumage can be: high humidity in the chicken coop, low temperatures, lack of sunlight, poor sanitation.

Quite often, parasites are infested at chickens. Among the most common:

  • chicken ticks,
  • lice and feather eaters,
  • fleas.

Tip! The base of the plumage is useful for the prevention of lubricating with vegetable oil.

At first the plumage loses its color and luster, after which the bird gradually bald. Bruises and lesions are visible on the skin. When the first signs of the disease appear, it is urgent to seek help from a veterinarian. Start treatment with drugs:

Effective use of anti-parasitic drugs: "Front Line", "Neomostozan", "Ivomek". Coops and cells treated with special preparations. Popular folk remedies and methods:

  1. Fallen feathers are ground into flour, added to feed. The cysteine ​​contained in the plumage contributes to the formation of a new one.
  2. Useful trace elements are obtained from milled horns and hooves of any cloven-hoofed animals.

As a preventive action in the premises set the boxes with ash. Regularly take steps to kill rodents.

A full care will help restore the plumage in the shortest possible time.

Stress in chickens is treated with vitamin E

Vitamin E and its recycling. Understanding the mechanisms of stress and the development of effective methods of protection against stress passed a long and thorny path. A start in dealing with stress was laid by using higher doses of vitamin E.

In general, vitamin E was discovered in 1922. After deciphering its antioxidant properties, it has found wide application in medical and agricultural practice. In particular, effective doses of this vitamin have been developed and in animal husbandry it has become an integral component of premixes for poultry and other farm animals.

How to prevent stress in laying hens and broilers? Under stress, increased doses of vitamin E have become accepted practices in modern poultry farming.

The idea was that increasing the concentration of vitamin E in biological membranes helps to increase their resistance to oxidative damage. Later it was found that the number of free radicals formed in each cell is measured in hundreds of billions.

How it works?

If we assume that one vitamin molecule is capable of deactivating one radical, then every cell must contain more than 200 billion vitamin E molecules each day, which is almost impossible. Thus, the next step in this direction was the development of the concept of recycling of vitamin E.

That is, after reaction with a free radical and the corresponding oxidation, vitamin E can be restored to the active form due to the presence of other antioxidants, in particular ascorbic acid. Next, oxidized ascorbic acid is restored to the active form due to reduced glutathione and glutathione is restored by NADPH.

In turn, carbohydrate metabolism, in particular the pentose phosphate cycle, in the cell ensures the formation of reducing equivalents in the form of NADPH.

It turned out that besides ascorbic acid, selenium (in the form of thioredoxin reductase), as well as vitamins B 1 and B 2 are involved in the recycling chain. In general, with an effective recycling system, even a low concentration of vitamin E in the cell can effectively support antioxidant protection.

For example, in studies with chick embryonic brains, it was found that vitamin E concentration is ten times lower than in the liver, but it is almost impossible to detect peroxidation products in fresh brain (Surai et al., 1996).

The concept of the antioxidant system of the body

The next stage in the development of the concept of antioxidant protection was the development of the concept of the general antioxidant system of the body. According to this concept, all the antioxidants in the body work together. Form the so-called antioxidant system, which includes three main lines of defense. The first line includes antioxidant enzymes, in particular superoxide dismutase, glutathione - peroxidase and catalase.

These enzymes are designed to prevent lipid oxidation at the earliest stages. That is, at the stage of formation of superoxide radical, which is the main radical formed in biological systems, in particular in mitochondria and phagocytes.

Metal binding proteins belong to the same line of antioxidant protection. They are able to prevent the appearance of iron and copper in the free (unbound) state, which are the most important catalysts for lipid peroxidation.

In recent years, studies have developed that have shown that substances such as carnitine that help regulate mitochondrial activity and also reduce excessive formation of free radicals under stress conditions can also be attributed to the first line of antioxidant protection.

Despite the effective antioxidant protection of the elements of the first line of defense, it is still impossible to fully cope with the flow of free radicals. And part of the lipid molecules, proteins and DNA are damaged by the above free radicals.

Thus, the task of the second line of antioxidant protection is reduced to stopping this process at this stage, preventing further chain reaction and damage to many different molecules.

Antioxidant Protection

Как помогает антиоскидантная защита побороть стресс у кур несушек и бройлеров? Таким образом, к данной линии антиоксидантной защиты относятся цепь-обрывающие антиоксиданты, включая витамин Е, аскорбиновую кислоту, глутатион и целый ряд других веществ.

Scientists have discovered that even the second line of antioxidant protection does not completely cope with protection and some biological molecules are still damaged. Consequently, the task of the third line antioxidant defense elements is the repair of damaged molecules, or, if repair is impossible, their removal from the cell.

These include special DNA repair enzymes, chaperone proteins, sirtuin proteins, various phospholipases and a number of other substances. Apoptosis can be attributed to this line of antioxidant protection - programmed cell death.

This process is activated under conditions when it becomes clear that the cell cannot cope with the flow of free radicals, many molecules are damaged and mutations in DNA can be passed on to the next generation. Thus, the self-destruction mechanism is triggered in the cell, the original switch is turned off, as a result, the cell dies. This is the last line of antioxidant protection.

Further studies in this direction were aimed at deciphering the molecular mechanisms of regulation of the antioxidant system and led to the understanding that the so-called cell redox potential is responsible for the regulation of the antioxidant system. It turned out that in the cell there is a whole set of redox-signaling molecules responsible for maintaining the redox potential.

In particular, glutathione, which is present in the cell in a reduced and oxidized form, is precisely the molecule that triggers a whole cascade of events aimed at activating the internal system of antioxidant protection.

What helped nutrigenomics

Nutrigenomics is a new step in gene regulation. The next step in understanding the mechanisms of antioxidant protection was the development of the concept of nutrigenomics. In particular, it was found that many genes in humans and animals are able to turn on and off.

That is, in a simplified form, the genes can be represented in the form of light bulbs, which can be turned on, off, or burned in polnakala. It turned out that many biologically active substances are able to turn genes on and off.

Among them are vitamin E, selenium, carnitine, carotenoids and others. Moreover, it turned out that toxic substances, for example, mitcotoxins, are also capable of turning genes on and off. That is, the science of toxicogenomics and, in particular, one of its branches mycotoxigenomics has received its development.

Vitagenes and their role in the adaptation of the organism to stress. The most recent step in this direction is the development of the concept of VITAGENOV. It was found that in the body there are a number of genes responsible for the adaptation capabilities of the body. That is, due to the activation of these genes, the adaptation of the organism to stress is improved.

If the strength of stress is too great, then the additional antioxidants synthesized as a result of the activation of these genes do not cope with antioxidant protection and the body dies. Thus, the concept of vitagenes allowed a new look at the adaptation of the body to stress.

In particular, the main emphasis is on the synthesis by the body of additional substances involved in the prevention of the damaging effects of free radicals on lipids, proteins and DNA.

In this regard, it should be noted that in many publications in recent years, stress shifts from lipid damage to damage to proteins and DNA. In particular, it became clear that the effects of protein damage on cell functioning are often more serious than damage to biological membranes.

On the one hand, the oxidation of cysteine ​​and methionine residues in the composition of enzyme proteins leads to their inactivation, with all the ensuing consequences. On the other hand, the oxidation of signaling proteins, in particular the receptors of the immune system, is responsible for immunosuppression under conditions of oxidative stress.

This applies to most stresses, including heat stress in chickens and the presence of mycotoxins in feed.

Practical aspects of vitagenes regulation. What are the consequences of the aforementioned new knowledge to improve the system of measures to reduce the negative effects of stress on the bird?

How to reduce stress in laying hens and broilers?

  • An important step has been taken to study the effect of various substances on the activity of vitagenes, and those that have been selected that, while entering the body, promote natural adaptation to stress. These include, above all, carnitine, betaine, vitamin E, selenium, a number of minerals, lysine and methionine.
  • It was shown that the introduction of these substances with water during stress is more effective than with food. It is known that under stress, feed consumption often drops, while water consumption increases.
  • The use of a complex of substances that ensure the effective recycling of vitamin E significantly increased its potential, and even at relatively low concentrations, this vitamin performs its protective function.
  • The use of a complex of immunomodulatory substances, many of which are simultaneously effectors of vitamingens, helps to prevent damage to the receptors of immune cells under stress and, thus, to avoid immunosuppression and to maintain a high immunocompetent.
  • Understanding the essential role of organic acids in maintaining the intestinal structure under stress, led to the combination of the above components with citric, formic, pionic and sorbic acids. This was a significant step forward and made it possible to ensure maximum efficiency in feed use under stress conditions.
  • Another important achievement of recent years is the understanding of the role of oxidative stress in the development of toxicity of various mycotoxins. At the same time, it became clear that by preventing oxidative stress in chickens, it is possible to reduce the toxicity of mycotoxins. Special attention is paid to the maintenance of liver function. Most of mycotoxins are metabolized in the liver, as well as the maintenance of intestinal microflora, which is responsible for detoxification of DON.
  • In order to maintain the chickens in the first days of life, a complex of solubilized, fat-soluble vitamins, together with the other substances mentioned above, will help to support the effective development of the intestine and the immune system - the key to future health and productivity of poultry.
  • For the parent herd, the use of a complex of substances, including hepatoprotectors, antioxidants and immunomodulators, allows you to get hatching eggs of optimal composition. What affects both hatchability and the growth and development of chickens derived from such eggs. It should be borne in mind that the composition of the egg can affect the switching on and off of a number of genes, including vitamins, which will affect the future productivity and adaptive capacity of the bird.
  • For laying hens, the most important elements are maintaining liver function during the peak production period. What is provided by carnitine, betaine, lysine, methionine, various antioxidants and minerals. On the other hand, maintaining the synthesis of the organic shell matrix in the second period of productivity can significantly reduce the battle and notch. For this is used vitamin D, zinc, manganese, magnesium, lysine and methionine.

Stress preparations in laying hens and broilers

Thus, the development of the concept of vitagenes and an understanding of their role in the adaptation of the organism to stress, makes it possible to find optimal approaches to enhancing this adaptive capacity.

One such example is the anti-stress drug, the new generation of Feed-Food Magic Anti-stress Mix. It absorbed the most modern achievements in nutrigenomics, understanding the concept of vitagenes, as well as the most important signal mechanisms for the development of stress.

Successful experimental testing of this drug and its widespread use in meat and egg poultry farming fully confirmed the above approaches in understanding the molecular mechanisms of stress development and their use to reduce the negative effects of stress. In addition, Feed Food Magic Anti-Stress Mix has proven to be effective in raising chickens and broilers, ducklings, goslings, turkey poults, quails, as well as in pig breeding.

Based on the above arguments and research results of the anti-stress drug Feed Food Magic Antistress Mix, we recommend:

  • for chickens in the first days of life after planting in the house,
  • before vaccination and after vaccination, with mycotoxicosis,
  • when thinning broilers,
  • when immunosuppression
  • when transplanting birds from young stock to adult flocks,
  • when reaching the peak of egg production,
  • in the period of reducing the quality of the shell and under any other stress conditions.

Feed Food Magic Anti-stress Mix is ​​drunk through dosatron in doses of 200 to 1000 g per ton of water, depending on the age of the bird and the strength of stress.

Trying to look into the future, it can be noted that further progress in deciphering the human genome, animals and birds, most importantly, understanding the mechanisms responsible for switching on and off various genes will further improve existing methods of dealing with stress.

We have explained how stress is treated in laying hens and broilers. Subscribe to the site updates about chickens and share new information with like-minded people.

Good luck and prosperity to all!


In the comments you can add your photos of laying hens, rooster and chickens!
Like this article? Share with friends in social networks:

Stress factors

Chickens can sometimes experience nervous tension that occurs due to stress factors — extreme or extreme stimuli that affect individuals. The stress response of the body of chickens is manifested in different ways and depends on the individual.

The condition may be accompanied by poor appetite, anxiety, increased breathing and heartbeat, muscle tremors, fever, poor egg production, susceptibility of birds to diseases.

Stress in birds may develop due to an improper diet, when chickens are undernourished or overeat.

Such layers are susceptible to infectious diseases and often die from exhaustion. A chicken may be under stress if it is suddenly stopped feeding on combined feed and switching to natural food, or changing one feed to another that has not been previously used.

Digestion processes in the body can be disturbed and provoke stress if the amount of protein in the diet exceeds the norm, or when technical fats are added to the diet ration, compound feed with the content of coarse non-digestible films from grain or bran.

Technological

Stress under the influence of technological factors is most common among chickens and occurs during periods when you weigh individuals, move them from one habitat to another, in violation of the standards of birds in the cages.

Often birds are caged in cages in greater numbers than expected, which is associated with space savings to reduce the cost of acquiring additional cages or equipment. This situation leads to violations of sanitary norms, provokes the development and rapid spread of infections and viruses.

If we exceed the recommended norms for placing individuals in a cage, the temperature in poultry houses will increase by 20%, as a result, the air will over-accumulate with microorganisms, and their number will increase by 1.5–2 times. Under poor poultry conditions, egg production significantly decreases, stress has a negative effect on fertility and hatchability.

Biological

Biological factors for stress are infections that cause serious illness, as well as prophylactic administration of vaccines.

Scientists conducted a study that proved that when chickens infected their body with bacteria S. enteritidis in combination with stress caused by noise or moving to another place, the risk of morphological and hormonal changes in birds increases.

In the process of prophylactic vaccination, several stressful procedures occur at once, in the form of trapping individuals, administering a vaccine with a syringe, or rubbing funds into feather follicles. When vaccinating healthy individuals, they normally respond to a little stress, which soon passes without any consequences. If the birds are weakened, then with the introduction of vaccines they may develop complications, even death due to severe stress is not excluded.

Traumatic

Traumatic factors consist of bruises, rasklevov, postoperative injuries, which are caused by the processes of debikirovaniya, trimming the crest, wings. Because of the imperfections of the cells in which individuals live, Namins can occur on the chest and legs of chickens, which causes pain and stress in sick individuals. Injury as a result of veterinary intervention, for which sharp objects are used, becomes the cause of the onset of biting, which causes great stress to the body.

Mass injury can occur in several cases:

  • in the process of moving the chickens from the cage to the cage,
  • because of the foot grid, where chickens sometimes go,
  • when the scraper conveyor turns on to clear the litter,
  • when chickens accidentally fall out of the cage.

Rasklev is a strong stress for individuals that are exposed to it. The most aggressive birds are often sent for debicking, which consists in trimming the upper and lower parts of the beak so that, as a result, they cannot inflict severe injuries on their neighbors.

If a parent broiler flock is contained in one cage, this may result in the rejection of some hens due to injuries received during the rooster's sowing. Such hens have low productivity due to the resulting stress, so in order to prevent a similar situation, chickens are recommended to trim the claws and cauterize the spur hillocks in the males.

Psychological

Psychological factors provoking stress include hierarchical processes in the herd, which entail a fight and pecking. Chickens can fight for food and water, for a plot in a chicken coop, if they experience a shortage of food or space.

Conditions are normal when the young growth in the process of growth and then for the rest of their life lives in the same cages or in the chicken coop, without moving, which will ensure maximum productivity of the hens. Stress factors are measured on a 4-point scale (the degree of stress equals the number of points: the higher the score - the more stress):

  • 4 points - poor diet, lack of water, hierarchical development in the herd, poor quality care, diseases associated with infections, inconsistency of the microclimate,
  • 3 points - increased egg production, temperature fluctuations,
  • 2 points - injury and vaccination,
  • 1 point - the growth of young stock in the initial stages of egg production.

First way

In the first variant, it is recommended to prevent the development of stress in chickens by minimizing the influence of stress factors associated with the growing technology. These include: the process of introducing a vaccine, moving birds. It is especially recommended to protect birds from possible stress in some periods of their life.

Second way

In the second variant, it is recommended to achieve an increase in individuals of natural resistance by:

  • breeding for breeding quality eggs,
  • the division of eggs by weight into several categories
  • compliance with the technology and incubation process,
  • rejection substandard chickens,
  • compliance with recommended requirements in the process of moving and placing individuals in poultry houses,
  • providing birds with food - with special feeds, taking into account the age of individuals,
  • ensuring unhindered access to food and water,
  • observance of the main recommendations with regards to the indoor climate and the density of poultry accommodation in cages.

Third way

This method is to use anti-stress medications to protect the birds from stress factors and reduce their effect. At this time, vitamin premixes are also added to the diet.

Among the anti-stress drugs for chickens distinguish the use of three types of drugs:

  1. Stress protectors - they allow to weaken the influence of stressful situations on a chicken through the suppression of the nervous system at the exact moment when it is affected by unfavorable factors. In this case, drugs are represented by neuroleptic, tranquilization, sedatives. Among the effective drugs are the use of "Triftazin", "Reserpine", "Phenazepam", "Amizil".
  2. Adaptogens - are drugs that cause moderate irritation to the body, contributing to the activation of the nervous and endocrine systems in order to prepare the body for possible stressful situations. The most effective is the use of "Dibazol", "Methyluracil".
  3. Sympathetic remedies - used for the treatment of chickens, presented in the form of heart, laxatives, diuretics, their main task is to have a regenerating effect on the body's systems affected by the effects of stress factors. As prophylaxis, immunomodulators are used in the form of "Katozal", "Levamisole", "Izamben", "Stimadena", "Kamizola", "Dimefosfona".

В связи с тем, что метаболические процессы в организме при стрессе протекают более интенсивно, курица требует повышенного количества витаминов. Чтобы оказывать профилактическое воздействие на возникновение стресса или снизить нежелательные последствия, рекомендуют вводить в рацион дополнительное количество витаминов.

Ранее используемую дозу витаминов повышают в 1,5–2 раза. Они позволяют обеспечить организм необходимым количеством энергии, повысить стойкость к стрессовым ситуациям.

The most effective vitamins in this case include vitamin C, which allows to perform antioxidant functions and reduce the stresses associated with exceeding the norms of the temperature regime. Vitamin added in an amount of from 40 to 100 mg per 1 kg of feed. The tool allows you to increase the viability and egg production of chickens, a good effect on the immune system. Vitamin A also has an anti-stress effect on the body and is used as an additive in feed to increase the overall resistance of the body and accelerate the growth of chickens.

Why do chickens stop carrying eggs, and how to fix it

Perhaps every owner of chickens faced this: birds abruptly, without explanation, stop carrying eggs. And it is also good if they simply reduce egg production - sometimes the eggs disappear completely, or almost completely. Why chickens stop carrying eggs, and how to fix it, we find out, having studied the experience of FORUMHOUSE users.

Layers and stress
In the practice of FORUMHOUSE consultant armasolafson there was a case when chickens stopped nesting in ten chicken coops at the same time (for each breed of chickens a chicken coop was made). Moreover, it was at the beginning of spring, when it became warmer, the snow began to melt, and the day began to lengthen, and, it would seem, the egg production should increase.

Chickens did not fly for two weeks, and then the snow began to fall - in two days there was almost no snowing on the snow, and there was no more snowfall. Two weeks later, the chickens were brought back.

The result: five weeks without eggs and 40,000 rubles spent on feed.

Reflecting on this strike of hens, armasolafson He took into account that birds of different breeds and in different chicken coops were united only by two circumstances: they were all hens and all experienced the same stress - climate change.

In my case, the stress factor was the change in pressure that preceded the snowfall. The inner chicken barometer determined that, perhaps, soon something would be completely wrong in nature, which means it would rush, hatch eggs and warm the chicken for a month at all “not from the hand”. The chicken organism turned on the energy storage mode, accumulating it until “better times.”

Any stress that may in the foreseeable future lower the energy level in the chicken organism leads to its instantaneous switch to economy mode, says armasolafson. Animals do not like change at all and react sharply to them. And the hens' egg production can affect anything: from moving to sharing the hen house of new hens.

No wonder that the same conditions are maintained daily in their industrial content: temperature, lighting, humidity and even the composition of the staff does not change. Only by observing these conditions, manufacturers can reach 240-320 eggs per year.

Here is a list of events that cause stress to chickens and may adversely affect egg production:

  • diet change,
  • new watering mode
  • new lighting mode
  • change of weather
  • new season
  • loud, annoying sounds: barking dogs, building noise, fireworks, etc.
  • the appearance in the hen house of strangers (from mice to new, strangers),
  • moving to a new chicken coop (especially if you had to go for a long time, and the road was uncomfortable),
  • drafts,
  • bad light,
  • lack of heat
  • crowded in the chicken coop and on the walk,
  • multi-storey perch (chickens on the lower floors are stressed when the upper chickens shit on them,
  • diseases and parasites, especially puff.

Food, attention, lighting
Stress in chickens can also occur due to excess attention from the rooster. There must be at least ten chickens per rooster.

If the guy is active, then at least 10, and the rate - up to 13-15 can be. If you need an egg for incubation, then 12.

One rooster can drive 20 chickens, but he can’t keep up with a lot of beauties, besides, chickens may start fighting because of a guy. And without a rooster it is also impossible - although he does not participate in egg production, chickens may run off to the neighbors' roosters and rush there.

Both chickens and quails immediately react to temperature and lack of heating in the hen house.

I chose a convector. Electricity eats less than light bulbs, and keeps a constant temperature. The second year I use and very pleased.

Have Faeton0011 700 watt convector, so it turns it on after a timer: 15 minutes running, 45 minutes off.

It has been proven that additional lighting during the cold season increases egg production, therefore, with the onset of twilight and until 9:00 pm, the lamp must be turned on in the hen house. But hens prefer to trot in the dark corners of the hen house, and there it is necessary to make nests.

Good egg production will be a balanced diet. It is not necessary to give corn and seeds to non-decorative and non-decorative birds, and it is better not to overdo it with wheat: in the chicken ration it should be no more than 30%. In good feed there is everything: and barley, and corn, and wheat, and oats, and vitamins with amino acids, and even calcium. But what should be added to the chicken ration in winter is vegetables and dried grass. Nettle "works" particularly well - by the way, chickens to which they are given nettle carry especially tasty eggs with bright yellow yolk. Not bad sometimes to hang heads of cabbage in the hen house, you can grate raw carrots, and you can cook in a basin. And do not forget about vitamins and supplements. In the distant past, when it was impossible to get vitamins for chickens, smart housewives every three days fed each yellow chicken with a yellow ball of revita. And do not overfeed the hens, the hen should not be oily, otherwise the egg production is guaranteed to decrease. According to science, it is necessary to feed the hens even without plenty, but to give a certain amount of feed twice a day, in the morning and in the evening.

If all these conditions are met, the layer, depending on the breed, should produce:

  • Leggorn - 200-240 eggs per year,
  • Russian white - 200-230 eggs per year,
  • Kuchinsky anniversary - 160-200 eggs per year,
  • Pushkinskaya - 160-200 eggs per year
  • Australorp black - 180-200 eggs per year,
  • May Day - 150-190 eggs per year,
  • Amroks - 200-220 eggs per year,
  • Rhode Island - 180-230 eggs per year,
  • Sussex - 180-200 eggs per year.

The best layers, according to users of our portal, are Hiseksa brown or white, Russian white or Leggorn.

Pecking eggs
Sometimes chickens start pecking eggs right in the nests. Sometimes the owners, brought to these despair by chicken hens (“there are many chickens, but no eggs!”) Send hens for soup. But in general, it is possible to fight with a chant, and in several ways.

Usually, a peck occurs as a reaction to a shortage of space and the sun. Chickens start to peck eggs when, after summer freemen, they are locked up in a chicken coop and deprived of walking. What to do:

1. Put bombs in the nests - white round limestone stones the size of an egg. Bombs are pre-painted in white with any water-based paint. Having pecked a bomb several times, hens usually disaccustom to peck eggs.

2. Pour more chalk and limestone, even into the grain.

- I, as soon as I began to close my own, immediately put the linings of limestone bombs in the nests. I poured the grain in chalk in the trough and set the shell. It seems so far all normul.

Kondrat adds chalk and shells often and regardless of the season - she didn’t come across pecking.

3. Make nests with curtains: nail on top a few strips of any fabric, overlapping, one on another. Bottom strips are not fixed. The hen comes into the nest, the curtains close. The nest will be dark and the chicken will not see the eggs.

4. Never give the hens raw unstucked shells and raw eggs. When the chickens realize that it is tasty, problems will begin.

5. Cut the beaks.

The tip of the beak is cut to the blood (so that the nerve is bare, then the blood comes out). A chicken cannot beat its beak and break an egg (it hurts with an open nerve to beat).

6. Ensure that the hens are not hot. Put cold water on them and change it more often.

In general, a temporary decrease in egg production is a common thing. Sometimes you just have to wait a week, and everything will work out. Chickens are not egg-making machines, they are living things. Sometimes they rest: after winter, for example, or after molting.

Thus, to get a lot of eggs from your chickens, you need to follow a few important rules:

  1. Buy hens by young and, preferably, not for three pennies from the poultry farm.
  2. Feed a good feed or grain mixtures, add herbs and vitamins.
  3. Giving chalk and seashell.
  4. Do not deprive the hens of the attention of the rooster.
  5. Provide heat and light in the coop in winter (at least 16 hours, but not around the clock).

Read our article on how to diagnose and treat chicken diseases, get acquainted with the best topics of FORUMHOUSE in the field of farming, watch a video on how to build a chicken coop, able to decorate any part.

How to treat severe stress in laying hens.

Questions can only be asked after registration. Sign in or register, please.

Help, please, advice. How to help the chicken out of stress.
Chickens were brought recently, a week ago, 9 - chickens (Loman Brown) and 1 - a rooster (Brama). We were kept in a closed coop for three days. On the fourth day released on the walking. Everything was fine, my girls were rushing (5-6 eggs per day). But a terrible thing happened - 2 stray dogs (there are a lot of them in the village now), undermining the fence and entering the territory of the walking chickens. For 1 hour, they gnawed 5 chickens and a rooster, the rest of them bitten. It was a cruel slaughter - the corpses lay everywhere, blood, feathers. Surviving in an unequal battle chickens, I found in the depths of the hen house, one had a bored neck, the other had no legs, apparently with fear. 3 days have passed since the tragedy, during which time I found only 1 egg. My girls are afraid to leave the chicken coop, shudder at every rustle and get into long nests. Even when I clean the coop, they circle near the far corners and refuse to go out.
It is clear that time heals. We scored the bottom of the range with rebar with a run-up of 15 cm and a depth of 20 cm. I open the manhole for walking only when we are at home and they are supervised, the rest of the time they are sitting in the hen house. HOW DO ALL THE SAME HELP HIM HAVE TO FASTLY TURN OFF STRESS? I heard ascorbic acid helps, but I do not know the proportions - there are 4 chickens left. I read about the drug Chiktonik - but this is in my vitamin, will it help ??
HELP WHO CAN.

Rooster purchase. or

Yes, be sure to bring a rooster, but first you need to strengthen everything. We have already closed all the holes in the main fence (which encloses the site). They left the bait to the dogs, but they didn’t seem to be there. Now we are strengthening the rabbit, which encloses walking.

Friends advised to drink them vodka, in the proportion of 50 mg per 1 liter of water, they say they sleep in bed and take off the stress like a hand. Can anyone try ??

Novice farmer - amateur chickens.
The ideal shape is a ball, you have to strive for it.

What to do

In the first variant, it is recommended to prevent the development of stress in chickens by minimizing the influence of stress factors associated with the growing technology. These include: the process of introducing a vaccine, moving birds. It is especially recommended to protect birds from possible stress in some periods of their life.

In the second variant, it is recommended to achieve an increase in individuals of natural resistance by:

  • providing birds with food - with special feeds, taking into account the age of individuals,
  • observance of the main recommendations with regards to the indoor climate and the density of placement of birds in cages.

This method is to use anti-stress medications to protect the birds from stress factors and reduce their effect. At this time, vitamin premixes are also added to the diet.

Among the anti-stress drugs for chickens distinguish the use of three types of drugs:

  1. Adaptogens - are drugs that cause moderate irritation to the body, contributing to the activation of the nervous and endocrine systems in order to prepare the body for possible stressful situations. The most effective is the use of "Dibazol", "Methyluracil".
  2. Sympathetic remedies - used for the treatment of chickens, presented in the form of heart, laxatives, diuretics, their main task is to have a regenerating effect on the body's systems affected by the effects of stress factors. As prophylaxis, immunomodulators are used in the form of "Katozal", "Levamisole", "Izamben", "Stimadena", "Kamizola", "Dimefosfona".

Due to the fact that metabolic processes in the body during stress flow more intensively, the chicken requires an increased amount of vitamins. In order to have a preventive effect on the occurrence of stress or to reduce undesirable effects, it is recommended to add additional vitamins to the diet.

Previously used dose of vitamins increase 1.5-2 times. They allow the body to provide the necessary amount of energy, increase resistance to stressful situations.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send