Atsidantera - bulbous plant. Its other name is also known - a fragrant gladiolus. Indeed, there are external similarities with gladiolus, for example, the height, shape and color of leaves, upright stem. But this is where the similarities end, since the atsidantera is much more elegant in its beauty. As for the flavor, it looks like the smell of daffodils.
Atsidantera can not boast of abundant flowering (from one bulb), but it does not last long. The fact is that two or three flowers can bloom at the same time, after they have bloomed out, they need to be removed, then they will be replaced by new ones.
Varieties and types
Atsidantera two-color (gladiolus muriel). The length of the stem, on which the flower is located, can reach a meter in height, while the leaves are 40-50 cm long. The flowers are in the shape of stars, have snow-white or cream shades, and a bright maroon spot spreads out from the center, thus fascinating and pulling the eye towards you.
Tropical atsidantera - has long ribbed leaves and a long erect stem, a little more than a meter, with a soft pink inflorescence with bright crimson spots.
Atsidantera white - has white flowers, without any blotches and distributes a very strong fragrance.
Acridanter cereal - has narrow leaves, and the flowers have delicate pink petals with bright crimson longitudinal stripes emanating from the center of the peduncle.
Short tubularatsidanthera- The flowers have bright purple hues with light and purple stripes resembling a candle flame.
Atsidantera cultivation and care in the open field
Given the natural habitat of this flower (Africa), it is necessary to ensure it comfortable coexistence. Therefore, if the area chosen for planting has a cold climate (severe winters), then it will be better to use the flower as a house plant, or every year, with the onset of winter, replant it in pots and transfer it to an apartment. The temperature in the room should not fall below 18-20 ° C.
For normal growth, the flower needs bright, but diffused light, excluding direct sunlight. This must be taken into account when choosing the side of the house (window), where the atsidanter will be located.
Gladiolus is a very beautiful plant, which is grown almost throughout Russia during planting and care in open ground. In order for the plant to grow well and bloom magnificently, you must follow a few rules of content. All the necessary recommendations for growing and care can be found in this article.
Not a few important factors affecting the healthy growth of the flower, is the correct watering. Watering is often necessary, while avoiding waterlogging.
Therefore, when planting, it is necessary to take care of a good drainage layer. Watering should be repeated as soon as the top layer of soil dries out.
Pot for atsidantery
Pots for planting should have a diameter of about 12-15 cm. It is necessary to plant a plant to a depth of 4-5 cm with 3-4 tubers (for more lush flowering).
It is better not to plant many tubers, otherwise they will be cramped, which will affect growth and flowering. Less is also bad, as the flowering will be unremarkable.
Soil for atsidantery
The composition of the soil for planting acidants should consist of the following components: one part of sand (coarse-grained), one part of sod land, two parts of humus and two parts of leafy earth.
With the maintenance of the home condition, the atsidantera is transplanted annually into a fresh substrate.
Planting is carried out in the spring, to the soil prepared in advance, loosened, fertilized and moistened, to a depth of about 10 cm and at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other and from other plants. Everything also depends on the size of the bulbs themselves, then the distance must be corrected.
There is another secret: in order for an acidide to bloom earlier and to be powerful (longer and lush flowering) and healthy, it must be grown in pots in advance (in March), and then (in May) planted in open ground.
If for the reproduction of this flower will not be used the seed method, then it is necessary to remove faded flowers.
In order not to weaken the plant, but all the useful substances came to the still flowering buds.
Atsidantera storage in winter
Shelter for the winter acidants appropriate, only in the case of warm winters, without severe frosts. In this case, you can cover the acidanter with leaf or straw mulch. Then she can safely spend in one place up to five years.
Otherwise, the tubers are dug up (the ground part is cut off), dried and stored in a paper bag by making holes for airing.
The only problem that you may encounter when growing acidide indoors is a strong aroma. Therefore, you must make sure that there are no allergies among the tenants of the apartment.
And for the same reason, it is better not to grow a lot of tubers indoors. The best place is a balcony, porch or garden (garden), flower bed.
Atsidantera growing from seed
Atsidanter can be propagated by tubers (bulbs), children and seeds.
Seed method is used very rarely, due to the fact that from such specimens, waiting for flowering for a very long time. Seeds are collected in the fall, or purchased in flower shops.
Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out in February. To do this, on top of the previously calcined earth (warm in a furnace to get rid of bacteria and parasites), seeds are sown and powdered with a small amount of soil, moistened and covered with a film or glass.
From time to time, air and, if necessary, moisten with a spray bottle. The optimum temperature of the content is + 20 ... + 24 ° C. After two or three weeks, friendly shoots will appear, which will dive into small pots, in which they will grow for two or three years, until the tuber grows to such an extent that it can provide flowering. After the first flowering, young seedlings can be planted safely (in spring) in open ground.
Breeding atsidantery children
Reproduction by means of babies is considered the easiest, as there are a lot of them growing on tubers. They are easily separated, landed on the site.
Care is simple: water, feed, loosen the soil and dig for storage in the winter. In this case, flowering will come only in the third year, since the tubers need to grow and strength (juice) to be able to flowering.
Diseases and pests
The most dangerous for atsidantera, with improper care, can be rotthat is caused by excessive waterlogging. In this case, to save the tuber is no longer possible, it is possible to save only babies, if the rot has not yet had time to spread to them.
In addition, planting a flower (onion) in the open ground is possible only if we are sure that there will be no return frost. The earth should be already well warmed up, and the temperature at night should not fall below 5-8 ° C. Otherwise, the plant will die.
As a preventive measure, before storage, the tubers must be treated with a solution of fungicide, then dried for a couple of weeks and folded for storage in a dry place.
With proper care, the acidantera does not suffer from diseases, but in the case when the plant is in a damp, cool place, the appearance of powdery mildew, rust and root rot.
Regarding the parasites, the frequent guests are slugs and snailswhich need to be collected manually.
In dry weather may come suddenly thrips, aphid and spider mite, in the fight against which will help the treatment with insecticides.