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Dutch White-Crested Hens: Breed Overview and Breeding Tips

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The crested layer hails from Holland, but in our latitudes it is also very popular. This chicken is known in its homeland for a long time. Even on the canvases of the 16th century, you can see the image of this beautiful bird, which belongs to the decorative type. Unfortunately, there are very few historical records about the origin of this club.

However, it is known that before the appearance of feathered beauty, there were other local chickens, which differed incredible meat and egg productivity. Already in those days, many farmers from all over the world dreamed of making Dutch hens.

Inventive breeders of that time decided to make the crochet even more popular. They began their experiments with crossing Aboriginal birds with attractive Polish crested hens that had snow-white plumage. Dutch white-cooled breed of chickens began its existence.

As a result, after several generations, they managed to achieve a stable result. The excellent layers did not lose their productive properties, and acquired a chic tuft of white color, which contrasts against the black plumage.

After that, the Dutch Crested breed of chickens was registered, and information about it was entered into the standard.

With regards to the productivity of white-cooled varieties, there are certain indicators. It is attributed more to egg breeds than to those that go for meat. For meat purposes, it is possible to breed such birds, however, because of the beauty, few people want to kill them for food.

Chickens are bred for ornamental purposes.

The breed's performance is up to 140 eggs in the first year of life, and later it is able to produce 100 eggs. Eggs are slightly smaller in comparison with the usual breed of chicken, their weight is no more than 50 grams. The egg shell is white. The period of productivity begins after six months of life of the chicken. Regarding the weight of the carcass - roosters can gain weight up to 2.5 kg, and hens up to 2 kg.

The weight of white-winged chicken can reach two kilograms.

Advantages and disadvantages

The pros and cons of keeping and breeding such a breed are determined by each for themselves. It depends on the purpose for which the breed is chosen for breeding. If there is a need to get a large number of eggs, then it will certainly fit. If someone wants to engage in breeding chickens for decorative purposes - it is also one of the very elegant and original breeds. However, regardless of the purpose of breeding white-winged chicken, some peculiarities should be taken into account, which many would consider to be disadvantages.

    The nature of these birds is bad, they are constantly fussing and as if somewhere in a hurry. Seeing how a chicken is resting or walking slowly is almost impossible. Mostly birds fumble, run, and at the same time they almost never get tired.

Dutch white-and-white does not differ appeasable character

Dutch white-crested hens are very shy

Dutch white-cooled breed of chickens does not get along with representatives of other breeds

Dutch white-crested breed requires careful care

Content

When purchasing a Dutch white-cooled breed, you need to immediately tune in to serious and painstaking work. With regard to the content, it is very important to provide chickens with everything that is necessary for a healthy and fulfilling life activity. The requirements of this breed are considerable and are as follows.

Terms of care and maintenance

Humidity and cleanliness

Appearance of hens

In addition to providing decent conditions for pets, it is very important to take care of the diet they need. The rules that are recommended to follow when composing a diet are as follows:

    The digestive system of Dutch hens is very vulnerable and sensitive, because of this, feeding of birds takes place once a day with wet food,

Be sure to feed chickens with quality feed for laying hens.

Balanced dry food for chickens

Vitamin and mineral premix for laying hens

After the winter, fresh greens are added to the food of the hens. It is advisable to transfer birds to high carbohydrate feed during this period. With their help, it will be easier for chickens to survive the transitional season by meeting their energy needs,

Chickens around the feeders

Hatching eggs

After the first eggs have appeared and the process of laying eggs has its own schedule, you can proceed to their selection for breeding. Although in most cases it is not necessary to take the laid eggs from the chicken, since the white-cooled breed, in addition to the beautiful decorative appearance, has a good ability to care for its offspring and hatches the eggs without any problems.

According to statistics, only 10% of all crusts can not cope with their duties. They, during the egg-laying period, are strongly recommended to be isolated from the eggs, since they can harm not yet hatched offspring. Even taking into account the fact that chickens have a bad character and are very aggressive towards other birds, this does not affect the handling of chickens. In relation to them, adult chickens behave anxiously and adequately take care of their offspring.

Kids are born somewhere in 21-24 days.

Chicken hen. Preparing a place for incubation, creating conditions for the chicken

Grooming

During that period, when the mother hen begins to hatch eggs, it is very important to provide her with decent care, which consists of the following points:

  • a few days after the chicken laid the egg and began to hatch it, in no case should it be disturbed and forced to leave the nest. If you disturb the chicken during this period, it may no longer return to the process of incubation,
  • however, it is necessary to control the hen for the time she spends in the nest and, at least once a day, to give her the opportunity to leave the nest for eating, drinking, bathing and short walks,
  • if the bird does not want to go out of the nest on its own, then it is carefully removed and released for a walk. At the same time, the passage to the nest is closed, since the chicken can immediately return to it,

If the chicken is gone, you need to close the nest, otherwise there may appear another "hen"

Chicken eggs in the nest

Chick appearance

As soon as the chicks start hatching, do not touch the eggs, even if you really want to look at them.

After the chickens appear, the trouble is usually increased. This is due to the fact that the survival rate among the new generation of chickens is very weak, only 70%. After birth, the chickens are very weak and small. Their color depends on what color the plumage of their parents. Most of the chicks are not characterized by good appetite and high activity - this is the reason why the feed for chicks must necessarily be enriched with vitamins and special preparations that prevent the development of infection in the body of chicks.

After the birth of chickens, they are taken away from their mother for a while in a separate cage or a special poultry house. In the future, they are engaged in their cultivation independently.

Dutch white-crested chickens

The rules that are followed when caring for a new generation are as follows:

  • for feeding the young, the same food will be suitable as for the hen, but care must be taken to ensure that the food in the young is strictly at certain hours,
  • A prerequisite for feeding is to use only fresh food.
  • each time, after eating, feeders for chicks are immersed in a disinfectant solution. Leftover food is a good environment for the development of pathogenic microorganisms that can provoke diseases in weak young animals,
  • the temperature regime in the chick's habitat should be stable and be 26-28 degrees, otherwise the chickens easily supercool and become ill,
  • It is very important to provide the younger generation with a dry and clean litter, wet litter is the source of the appearance of bacteria that cause diseases in poultry.

How to care for chickens under two months

When the chickens grow up a little and get stronger, they can be released into a common poultry house, where the hen will take care of them in the future.

Chicken and chickens

When chickens of white chickens appear, it is worth bearing in mind that even taking into account the observance of all the recommendations and rules to ensure proper care of the offspring, there will be a certain percentage of non-surviving babies. This is directly related to the breed itself, which was obtained by crossing two varieties of chickens. Such breeds always have health problems and are very sensitive to environmental conditions.

Chickens chickens

Additional nuances

When the content of the white-cooled Dutch chicken, it is worth bearing in mind some additional features.

  1. Egg-laying reaches its maximum in the summer and spring periods. With the onset of the late autumn period, the eggs carry the chicken stops. This period is called seasonal moulting. This period is characterized by a weakening of the bird's immune system and the loss of part of the feather cover. At this time, for breeders the main task is to provide enhanced nutrition, enriched with vitamins and drugs that enhance immunity.
  2. Such a variety of chickens does not have a high life expectancy. On average, they live no more than 5 years. Given this fact, farmers take care of replacing the family when the bird reaches two years of age.
  3. Another point is the reduction in the number of eggs in the clutch. It decreases depending on the age of the bird: every year the number of eggs that one hen is able to carry is getting smaller, while the strength of the bird’s immunity decreases significantly.

Dutch hen laying

Conclusion

Despite certain difficulties in keeping such a breed of chickens, many farmers will appreciate it. If it is possible to adhere to all the recommendations for caring for this bird and give it the necessary time, then you can not only breed it to get eggs, but also participate in various exhibitions. The Dutch white-fringed chicken is undoubtedly one of the most unusual breeds of hens.

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