General information

We select by similarity: deciduous shrubs for southern and northern cottages

Large trees- These are tall and strong trees with a formed crown and root system.

Planting of such trees is carried out using a special technology during the winter period of time.
It's time tree planting depends on the individual characteristics, the trees that are planted during the period of rest best of all - (winter planting), when the intensity of life processes is brought closer to a minimum. Trees at rest come in the fall, when they shed their leaves, it is at this time of the year that you need to begin planting trees or large trees, and the planting time throughout the winter and the first half of spring lasts until the buds begin to swell and the leaves begin to bloom.

Preparation for planting trees and device seating. After planning the area and making the necessary organic and mineral fertilizers, start digging holes. For trees aged 10-12 years, the standard is a round pit with a diameter of 1 m and a depth of 80 cm.
For krupnomerov, with a lump of earth, the size of the pit depends on the size of the tree planted tree, but in all cases the pit must be 30–40 cm in diameter and 20–30 cm in depth. In the presence of clayey soil, drainage is sometimes done . For this, stones or ready drainage (expanded clay) are placed at the bottom of the pit, and the earth is mixed with sand and rotted manure to improve its structure.

Planting trees is best done in the winter time, since the trees are in a dormant period, they are easier and safer to transport to the site.

Plant genus, trees or shrubs, slowly growing (3 letters): А.Т.Е.В.С.С.Ь.И.З (only not IVA)

Attention is also paid to the biological compatibility of plants already existing at this site and planned for planting. Mixing of different species should be aimed at creating bio-resistant plant communities when growing treesdo not have a detrimental effect on each other, but promote the growth and ornamentation of species and breeds located nearby. So, for example, deciduous birch adversely affect photosynthesis pine trees ordinary but positive for oak. Micro-soil conditions are also taken into account for trees on dry soils. Pine successfully competes with the birch, and on the wet excel Birch tree, because pine is less than birch, demanding on moisture. In addition, the harmful effect of birch on a pine tree stops if the distance between them increases from 5 to 7 m.

Recommendations for planting trees for biological compatibility

With birch warty - Norway maple (on rich soils), small-leaved linden and mountain ash (on podzolized soils), Scotch pine (on carbonate). The distance between the trees is on average 4-7 m.

With ordinary elm - Norway maple, small-leaved linden and Siberian larch. The distance between the trees is on average 4-6 m.

Pedunculate oak - Norway maple, rowan, small-leaved linden, Siberian larch and warty birch. Distance between trees within 4-8 m.

With spruce ordinary - Norway maple, small-leaved linden and large-leaved, rowan ordinary. Distance between trees within 4-6 m.

With maple leaves - linden, larch, pedunculate oak, birch, spruce and spruce, pine, rowan, elm and many shrubs.

With a small-leaved linden Most species of trees and shrubs get along.

With Siberian larch - lindens, maples, pines, birches and firs.

With rowan most of the species, both trees and shrubs, take root well, but you cannot plant rowan near (less than 4 m) from densely-crown trees: it will cease to bloom over time.

With pine ordinary - small-leaved linden, Norway maple, Norway spruce at a distance of 4-7 m., English oak and red - at a distance of 6-9 m.

The speed of tree growth and features.

The speed of growth of trees and shrubs. On this basis, trees and shrubs can be divided as fast growing treesand slow growing trees. This grouping of plants is essential when choosing rocks for landscaping. In the practice of gardening it is often necessary to achieve a full result in the shortest possible time. So in most cases when gardening, the question is posed around the perimeter of a site or a separate territory in the creation of any kind of protective plantings. In landscaping, you can achieve the desired effect and in a relatively quick time in various ways. The simplest of these is planting adult plants. However, this method is not always possible for economic reasons. Therefore, when choosing plants for landscaping a plot, one has to take into account the growth rate of various species.

Fast growing trees

Group of fast growing trees and shrubs: birch, elm, herding, elm, ash-leaved and Tartar maple, weeping willow, poplar, apple, black alder, bear and black walnut, bird cherry, green and ordinary ash, white spruce and prickly, cypress, Dahur, European and western, pine, Crimean, Himalayan and Weymutov, white acacia, ailanthus, barberry, euonymus, privet, hawthorn, elder, turf, chubushnik, honeysuckle, viburnum, yellow acacia, buckthorn, goof, golden currant.

Protective gardening and selection of trees.

Performing protective gardening, it is recommended to apply:

trees for noise protection - Norway maple, common ligature, small-leaved linden, spruce, larch, honeysuckle, yellow acacia, hawthorn.

trees for gas protection - Maple, Manchurian hazel, gray poplar, black and Canadian, white acacia, white mulberry, juniper.

trees for dust protection - Elm, weeping willow, horse chestnut, maple of any kind, Canadian poplar, mulberry, ash green, yellow acacia, Vanne-Gutta spirea.

windbreak trees and for shading territory - plants with a dense crown, such as chestnut, maple, spruce, oak, linden, etc.

Our specialists will help you to choose planting material for landscaping plot. Together with our designers and specialists in landscape works, you can create the world that you have long dreamed of!

Gas resistance of trees and plants.

It has been established that not all species of trees and shrubs react equally to air pollution. Some types are more resistant to gases, others less resistant. This property must also be considered when selecting plants for landscaping a particular territory.

At present, not all species of trees and shrubs have been tested for gas resistance. Of those studied to most liquid tight it can be attributed spruce barbed and Engelmann, acacia, ailanthus, privet, honey locust trehkolyuchkovaya, dogwood white, honeysuckle, cotoneaster brilliant, maple Pennsylvania, tartar and box elder, gooseberry, olive, Mahonia, grenades, smoke tree, currant golden, spirea medium billiard, Canadian poplar, gray, black, mulberry, combi, Sophora.

The least resistant to gases were yellow acacia, fluffy birch, horse chestnut, Norway maple, Norway spruce, sea buckthorn, fluffy sumen, common lilac, Scotch pine, Manchurian ash and Manchuria.

Strengthening gardening.

Gardening - One of the most effective ways to strengthen the banks of reservoirs, steep slopes and loose sand, ravines, slopes. But not all plants can be successfully used for these purposes. Only those types and forms of plants that have a root system forming a large number of offsprings can fix the soil. This property of some plants is taken into account when selecting rocks to create plantations for these purposes.

Such plants include: field maple, Tatar, Ailanth, white alder (gray), irga, amorph, steppe caneens, Manchurian aralia (fucking tree, thorn tree), bearberry, barberry, juzgun, heather, yellow acacia, steppe birch , hornbeam, hickory, sweet cherry, svidina, common hazel and Mongolian hazel, cotoneaster, hawthorn, two-colored broom, loch narrow-leaved, veronica, euonymus, geledia, gooseberry, bundle, than (chingil) silvery, sea buckthorn, juniper, ivy wild rosemary, privet, wood creeper, mahonia paduboli stnaya.

You have a country plot, the construction of the house is almost complete. As always, everyone wants to quickly and efficiently equip it?

Plan and start the improvement phase with landscaping the site - namely planting trees, planting large plants in the fall in Rostov-on-Don

Do you want the house and the site to look modern? Then you just can not do without such material as natural stone!

Paving of paths from various materials, various types of paving - patio, platforms, facing of a socle, steps and many other things ...

Do you have continuous moisture on the site? Does water constantly accumulate near your home? Puddles? Flood communication?

The reason for all this - the rainy season, marshland, or soils do not cope with the amount of accumulated water.

These and many other problems of flooding the site can be easily solved thanks to modern technology of the drainage and storm system!

To the attention of interested customers and suppliers!

The company accepts and carries out seasonal orders for the purchase, supply, sale of trees (krupnomerov) of various breeds and varieties from different regions of Russia and neighboring countries!

landscaping plot design

device lawns - Rostov rolled lawn for landscaping

lawn mowing after planting, care and maintenance of lawn lawns

lawn restoration - sowing seeds and much more

Potted flowers for the home

Service Address: Baranovichi, st. Kuibyshev, 96

See location on map

Additional information can be obtained by calling: 8 (0163) 42-17-82

Oak - large deciduous tree of the beech family up to 40 m high. The root of the oak is powerful, branchy. Crown oak spreading. The bark of young shoots is smooth, olive-brown, in old ones - brown-gray, fissured. Oak leaves alternate, simple, oblong-ovate, bare, shiny, with prominent veins.

The correct answers to the game Guess the words. Level 3-8

Oak blossoms in May. The fruit of the oak is an acorn. Ripens in September.

Red oak differs from ordinary oak in that its leaves have pointed tips of blades, their surface is glossy. In the fall, they may acquire a reddish tint, acorns of red oak are thick, bochenlike, with a thicker skin than our oak, and usually (until it is washed away by rains) with a slight grayish wax coating. Slender tree up to 25 m tall with a thick marquee crown. Red oak is frost-resistant, medium loving, easily tolerates lateral shading, but prefers full coverage of the top of the crown. Not drought resistant.

Manchurian Walnut - tree up to 25 m tall, with a sprawling or wide-round, high-raised, openwork crown. The trunk is straight, smooth, covered with dark-gray, sometimes almost black, deep-furrowed bark. Young shoots yellow-green, pubescent. The branches are gray, smooth. The leaves are very large (up to 1.25 m), pinnate, with a strong characteristic odor when rubbed. In spring, they are greyish green from pubescence, bright green in summer, golden yellow in autumn. Male flowers in long earrings, female flowers in small few-flowered racemes. Fruits 3-7, rarely single. It differs from other types of walnut in a friendly leaf fall and the shortest growing season.

Linden trees - large deciduous trees with a height of 20 to 40 m, which are widely used in modern green building. All types of lindens have a beautiful, dense, easily molded crown (diameter of the linden crown - from 2 to 5 m). The leaves of the linden tree are simple, alternate, heart-shaped, sharp-toothed along the edge and pointed. In addition to its decorative qualities, linden trees are valued for abundant, fragrant, yellow flowers collected in corymbose inflorescences, linden fruits - single-seed nuts. Linden blooms usually in July. The plants are remarkable in that they relate to soil-improving rocks - linden leaves containing a large amount of calcium, after falling off, saturate the soil with nutrients.

Horse horse chestnut - deciduous tree of the horse-chestnut family, up to 30 m or more in height, with a thick spreading crown. Young shoots are reddish or grayish-brown with well-expressed lentils. The leaves are opposite, with long petioles, palmate-complex, up to 25 cm in diameter, with 5-7 sessile leaves. The leaves are short, slightly toothed. The flowers are white or pale pink, with petals fringed along the edge, collected in a cone-shaped, large, erect inflorescences (up to 30 cm long). The fruit is a rounded prickly green box up to 5-6 cm in diameter, when ripe, it opens up with three leaves, contains 1, less often 2-3 seeds. The seeds are large, slightly flattened, with a shiny dark brown skin and a large gray rounded spot. It blooms in May, the fruits ripen in September - October.

Mountain ash - deciduous tree of the Rosaceae family, 4–6 m high. The leaves are alternate, unpaved, oblong or oblong-lanceolate. The flowers are white or pinkish with an unpleasant odor (smell of trimethylamine, resembling the smell of horse manure), gathered in a dense coryphagous inflorescence - a panicle with a diameter of up to 10 cm. Fruits are spherical, apple-shaped, bright red or orange-red, juicy. The seeds are reddish, sickle-curved, sharp at the end. It blooms in May - June, the fruits ripen in September - October and usually remain on the trees until the deep winter. It grows quickly, in one year it grows by 0.5 m.

Elm - tree up to 25 m tall with a beautiful broad, elliptical crown and thin, hanging branches. Young shoots are fluffy, later smooth, light brown, shiny. The bark of adult trees is brownish brown, exfoliating thin plates. The leaves are oblong - or rounded-ovate, pointed at the top, sharply unequally at the base (12 x 6 cm). Along the edge, the leaves are sharply serrated twice, with crescent-shaped teeth, dark green above, naked, light green below, soft-hairy, painted with brownish-purple hues in autumn. Small, brownish flowers, with prominent purple stamens, on long hanging peduncles. Duration of flowering up to 10 days. Fruits - lionfish, ciliate along the edge.

Norway maple - Tree up to 30 m tall, with a dense, wide-round crown. The bark of young branches is reddish-gray, smooth. The trunk is covered with dark, brownish-gray, sometimes almost black bark with numerous shallow cracks. Large, up to 18 cm, five-lobed, dark green leaves are painted in orange-yellow tones in autumn. Blooms before and during the blooming of leaves, yellowish-green, fragrant flowers, gathered in corymbose inflorescences. Very beautiful and transparent in the initial period of flowering, when the inflorescences have already formed, and the leaves have not yet turned. No less decorative summer dark green crown and, undoubtedly, in the autumn attire.

How fast will grow oak

How fast can an oak grow to form a beautiful crown?

For placement around the house, oak is a reliable tree because of its solid wood, although its roots may rot in case of poisoning with a toxic substance.

Enter the question:

Therefore, in general, in the case of drying out of any tree in the vicinity of the buildings, it is not worth waiting for long, but you should immediately cut it.

Oak grows from a sapling into a tall handsome man faster than it might seem. Do biologists In nature, it is believed that oak grows for only 18–25 days a year., it occurs in May – June, after which everything that has grown during this time (shoots about 10–25 cm long) slowly mater, preparing to meet the winter. but when applying nitrogen-containing fertilizers, such as slurry or grass fertilizer, the growth period of young oak trees is much longer, and they increase by 70 cm or more over the summer (you just need to remember that the oak easily becomes ill with powdery mildew, so a reasonable limit in the introduction of easily digestible fertilizers should still be).

For the first couple of years after planting, the oak tree will “swing”, and then its growth rate is commensurate with the growth of an apple tree. Thus, successfully planted "nest" of oak trees will quite quickly acquire a magnificent shape. It is only necessary to take into account that the oak tree belongs to difficult-to-root plants, it does not tolerate transplanting, therefore it is necessary to plant a lot of seedlings at once, on the basis that it will be good to grow in readings from them.

Classification of tree species by growth rate in height

Very rapidly growing - with an annual increase of up to 2 g and more.

Fast-growing - with a gain of up to 1 m.

Moderate growth - with a gain of 0.5-0.6 m

Slowly growing - with a gain of up to 0.25-0.3 m.

Very slowly growing - with a gain of up to 15 cm and less.


эвкалипты, тополь черный, тополь пирамидальный, тополь берлинский, тополь канадский, тополь бальзамический, тополь китайский, осина, ива белая, ива вавилонская, айлант, павловния, береза бородавчатая, акация белая, гледичия, клен ясенелистный, клен серебристый.

лиственные — орех черный, ясень обыкновенный, орех грецкий, ясень пенсильванский, альбиция (акация) ленкоранская, катальпа великолепная, шелковица, маклю-ра, акация серебристая,, платан, тюльпанное дерево, стеркулия, мелия гималайская, вяз шершавый (ильм), вяз мелколистный, дуб красный,

хвойные — лиственница европейская, лиственница сибирская, сосна монтерейская, сосна обыкновенная, лжетсуг’а тисолистная, сосна веймутова, ель обыкновенная, кедр гималайский, гинкго двулопастный.

deciduous - smooth elm, leaf elm, Norway maple, field maple, English oak, rock oak, Amur velvet, common hornbeam, small-leaved linden, large-leaved linden, felt linden,

conifers - Colorado fir, Caucasian fir, Siberian fir, Engelma fir tree, Western thuja, Spruce fir, Virginia juniper.

deciduous - forest pear, rotary pear, forest apple tree, Siberian apple tree, cork oak, stone oak, strawberry, wild (kev) tree, large-colored magnolia, brownish myhelium,

conifers - cedar pine, Lebanese cedar, oriental biota.


Deciduous - European olive, holly, osmanthus, evergreen box, dwarf forms of hardwood,

conifers - pine cedar, juniper high, yew berry, dwarf forms of conifers.

EXTREMELY QUICKLY GROWING: Caragana .. tree-like (yellow acacia), amorpha, black elderberry, red elderberry, chubushniki, deutzia gonadchataya, forsythia wilted and other species of the same kind, different types of horse-cutter, Spiraea Vangutta.

Rising common hazel, honeysuckle, olive, Tatarian maple, European spindle tree, viburnum ordinary, svidina red (dogwood red) svidina Siberian (dogwood Siberian), Laburnum (laburnum "golden rain"), oleander, Loch spiny, golden currant .

BUSHES OF MODERN GROWTH: elm (pteleya), ginnal maple, skumpiya, common lilac, Syrian hive (Sydney mallow), three-leaved lemon, laurel cherry, narrow-leaved leafberry, Japanese spruce, Japanese quince, mountain pine, low-growing.

SLOWLY GROWING: common hawthorn, pomegranate, shadberry, common dogwood, common privet, sea buckthorn, collection, laurel, magonia, common juniper, Cossack juniper.

EXTREMELY SLOWLY GROWING: small-leaf boxwood, common dungster and other species of this genus, Japanese small leaf euonymus, bushy forms of yew, all dwarf bushy forms of deciduous and coniferous trees.

In addition to this general classification of woody plants by their rapidity of growth, the average height of the main species of woody plants at different ages may be of practical interest.

In most breeds, the most intensive growth is observed at a relatively young age: in birch - at 10–15 years old, at aspen - at 20–30 years, in larch - at 20–30 years, in Scots pine - at 20–40 years, English oak - 20-30 years old.

Privet privet (Ligustrum vulgare) - b. Japanese (L. japonicum)

The first couple are relatives from the Olive family (Oleaceae). For the summer residents of central Russia, who know “by sight” only b. Ordinary, it seems like there is nothing to confuse her with: there are few other privet birds, and she is very different from a spiraeus, deytys, chubushnikov. In the south, where several species are grown, the situation is different: here the difference between the northern deciduous privet and its evergreen southern sisters will not work, since in warm winters a northerner does not shed its leaves.

Privet primrose. Photo from Privet Japanese Photos from

Privet common winter-fasting in central Russia, in Moscow and St. Petersburg, can freeze in severe and snowless winters. Blossom starts early, as early as 2-3 years. The sweet sugary aroma of flowers is not everyone likes. Both grow quickly, tolerate pruning well, are ideal for arranging hedges.

Heather common (Calluna vulgaris) - Erica Herbal (Erica carnea)

It is often difficult even for a specialist to distinguish these evergreens. Different blooming time helps to bring clarity: in heather - from July to October inclusive, in Erica - in February - March or April - May.

Ling. Photo from Erica Herbal,author photo

Heather ordinary winter hardy in central Russia and even north. It grows well on both wet peaty and dry, sandy, acidic soils, but in the south the heather is hot, and it gives way to Eric ruddy and its varieties.

Hibiscus hybrid (Hibiscus x hybridus) - Syrian (H. syriacus)

How good are the blooming hibiscus! And it does not matter that the Syrian city is thermophilic, because in the central part of Russia it can be successfully replaced by a multi-year city with a hybrid one.

Hibiscus hybrid,author photo. Syrian hibiscus,author photo

For information on how to grow hybrid on your site, look at the article on the site Hybrid Rusanov Hibiscus - Professor's Legacy Is Alive!

Pussy willow (Salix elaeagnos) - laurel noble-leaved (Laurus nobilis) 'Angustifolia'

An interesting pair of deciduous and evergreen shrub, but, unfortunately, the willow will not give laurel flavor and its leaves can not be used as seasoning.

Willow filamentous. Photo from Laurel 'Angustifolia',author photo

Filament willow - densely branched shrub 3 m high and 5 m wide, narrow leaves up to 20 cm long silver-green, young - light gray, yellow in autumn. It will be good in landing at a reservoir. It looks especially impressive in spring, during the flowering period (which occurs before the leaves bloom), decorated with green (male – yellow) inflorescences-earrings 3–6 cm long. The willow is quite winter-hardy in central Russia.

Kalina ordinary (Viburnum opulus) - evergreen v. (V. tinus)

Among Kalin there is not one pair of doubles, and each of them has its undeniable advantages.

Kalina ordinary,author photo. Kalina evergreen,author photo

Kalina ordinary is well known to summer residents of central Russia. On the site we have already talked about it more than once:

  • My favorite viburnum red - beauty and health!
  • 15 Kalin and features of their cultivation

The leaves of viburnum ordinary in the form of a leaf blade are similar to those of the Caliphenus (Physocarpus opulifolius), but in the latter they are more corrugated and serrated. But the leaves to. Gordovins (V. lantana) are similar to the leaves of the Chinese to. Wrinkle-leaved (V. rhytidophyllum), which has long and successfully been cultivated in the south.

Kalina ordinary,author photo. Nandina homemadeauthor photo

And during the fruiting period, Kalina, an ordinary excellent pair will be our southerner - house nandina (Nandina domestica).

Karagana treelike (Caragana arborescens), for. Shrub (C. frutex) - Common garlic (Laburnum anagyroides)

More winter-hardy Caragana from the legume / moth family (Leguminosae / Papilionaceae) are very similar to the heat-loving bulgaria, or “golden rain”.

Caragana shrub. Photos from the site Leaf,author photo

In addition, the Caragans are very hardy, especially with regard to the lack of moisture: they can shed their leaves in hot, dry summers, making it easier to tolerate its deficiency.

Almonds low (Amygdalus nana) - M. ordinary (A. communis)

In the previous article, which dealt with the geographical twins of deciduous trees, I found a great almond three-lobed partner (Amygdalus trilobata) - sakura (Cerasus), and today you have an almond-shrub and almond-tree.

Almond low. Photos from the site Almond ordinary in bloom,author photo

Bush almond low in central Russia winter-hardy, it is not capricious in relation to the soil. Significant minus - gives the mass of root offsprings, therefore, control of growth is needed, and even better - immediately upon planting, limiting the spread of the roots with the help of slate, durable plastic. Almond trees are more thermophilic. By the demands of light and heat, they are on a par with grapes and peaches, so they live and bear fruit in the southern regions for a long time. On the southern coast of the Crimea, young specimens can sometimes be observed, which before the new year stand with green leaves, falling only after an episodic temperature drop to -8 ° C. But in the summer, with the onset of hot and dry weather, fruit-bearing trees can lose the leaves in the first decade of August, while the green fruits ripen normally without them.

Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) - Pyracantha (Pyracantha) 'Soleil d'Or'

The pyracantha with yellow fruits forms an excellent pair with the sea buckthorn.

Sea buckthorn Photo from Pyracantha variety 'Soleil d'Or',author photo

Sea buckthorn is a northern fruit crop: it is winter-hardy in central Russia. Enough light-requiring, drought-resistant, undemanding to soil fertility, but prefers loose, light. Most pirakant - semi-evergreen shrubs, partially shedding leaves for the winter, winter without shelter in the southern zone of horticulture.

Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris) - Indian lagerstromia (Lagerstroemia indica)

Perhaps this is one of the most well-matched pairs. Their visual similarity can be traced even in the name of the crape myrtle, which is called Indian lilac. And only the time of flowering (in summer) of the latter suggests that it is not ordinary lilac.

Common lilac,author photo. Indian Lagerstromia,author photo

All the nuances of cultivation of common lilac, a review of the diversity of its varieties are detailed in the material: Lilac: species, varieties, features of cultivation.

Blackening broom (Cytisus nigricans, syn. C. nigrescens) - Lydian walnut (Genista lydia)

This is another pair of shrubs with yellow buds from the family Legumes / Butterfly (Leguminosae / Papilionaceae). In fact, in this family one can find much more geographical counterparts.

Blackened broom. Photo from Lidia's gamblerauthor photo

The broom has a blackening mass of advantages, starting with a compact appearance (it is up to 1-1.5 m high and up to 1 m wide) and ending with frost resistance. Looks great in rockeries. But in the south, perhaps, the Lydian dragon is the best choice: more thermophilic, but less high (up to 60 cm).

And what associations of geographical twins of deciduous shrubs are you? Which of the pairs I have presented seemed to you the most harmonious?

The role of deciduous trees and shrubs in the design of the garden plot

Creating a harmonious garden composition is almost impossible without a well-thought-out basis for the site. Deciduous trees and shrubs often play the role of "skeletal" plants - those that form the height of the border and the space of the garden, create the background, located in the background. In addition to the decorative features, they can bring tangible practical benefits. For example, to protect the space from wind and dust, create a hedge, as well as “strengthen” the soil with its roots, which is especially important for areas located on a slope.

Whatever the style of the plot, trees and shrubs will always play a key role here. They create the volume and shape of the perfect symmetry of the French garden, the lush landscape thickets of English, help to convey the philosophical thought about the irreversibility and beauty of natural changes within the framework of the Japanese stylistic concept.

As one of the inspiring examples we can cite the famous British garden Coton Manor Gardens, located near the old stone manor.

However, before embarking on planning plantings, you should learn about the intricacies of choosing certain plants.


Sorbokotoneaster - a hybrid, obtained by crossing a Siberian mountain ash and black agile fruit cotter. The plant grows in a limited area and is listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation.

It is a shrub up to three meters high with gray-brown, wrinkled bark. The branches of the hybrid can be brown or dark red. The shape and color of the leaves are the same as those of mountain ash or cotoneaster.

Leaf plate, pubescent from the bottom, up to 7 cm long. In the autumn season, the leaves become multi-colored, taking on shades of yellow, pink and red. At the beginning of summer white or cream blossoms, thyroid or racemes appear. At the end of July, round fruits, dark, almost black, ripen. The aroma and taste of mountain ash, but without the characteristic bitterness.

The decorative bush is unpretentious, is not afraid of a shade and frosts, prefers nutritious soil. Propagated by seeds, retaining the features of both parents, and cuttings of the current year. Culture is represented by one species.

Sumy - shrub or tree, genus, numbering about 250 species, growing on almost all continents. This is a low, up to five meters, tree with a wide hemispherical, spreading crown.

Crooked bare branches of gray color are covered with dense greens. Complicated leaves consist of many oddnopistochnye leaves, with a jagged edge, velvety to the touch surface, in the fall take a crimson color.

Pyramidal, protruding upwards like candles, panicles of inflorescences adorn the tree at the beginning of summer. After flowering, round-shaped fruit of a bright orange or carmine color is tied. Sumy is not capricious, grows on all types of soil, sometimes freezes, but quickly recovers. In our climatic conditions, sumac deer-horny or furry is more adapted.

Hionanthus virginsky is the most adapted species for our climate. In nature, deciduous tree or shrub reaches ten meters in height. Chionanthus has crooked shoots with longitudinal wrinkles of gray.

The bright green oval-shaped leaves are separated by a vein in the center. The sheet plate is large, up to 20 cm long and 9 cm wide, dense, glossy. Autumn leaves turn yellow, taking bright shades, and at the end of October, completely flies.

In May-June hionantus blooms. Flowering short, no more than three weeks. Drooping paniculate white inflorescences consist of unusual flowers: they look like a carelessly collected bunch of narrow ribbons.

In late September, the fruits ripen in ink color, but this phenomenon is rare even in the homeland of hionanthus. Khionanthus prefers to grow on loams with a neutral reaction, likes regular but moderate watering. In the winter, plants, especially young ones, need to be carefully covered.

Bird cherry - a large shrub or tree up to ten meters high, common in Europe, Asia, North Africa, in the post-Soviet space.

The bird cherry is almost black, matte bark, thin flexible shoots and lush dense crown. The leaves are alternate, simple, oval-shaped, pointed at the tip, with a finely toothed margin. The leaf plate on the long scape is supplied with spinous stipules that quickly fly around.

Blossoms in May-June, racemes white, sometimes pale pink inflorescences, consisting of many small five-petal cups. Towards the end of August, fruits of the color of thick ink ripen in a round regular shape.

Bird cherry breeding cuttings and root shoots. Loves lighting, fertile, well-moistened soil. The plant is winter hardy. Aerial parts of the bird cherry are used as medicinal raw materials.

Views for our latitudes:

  • wrist,
  • Asian,
  • virginian

An exochorda is a deciduous shrub of the pink family. Growing up to four meters in height, the bush has a spreading crown, gray-brown or dark gray bark and strong shoots.

Leaves are light green, alternate, without stipules, with notches along the edge. In the middle of May the bush is covered with white flowers. Lush inflorescences form about fifteen cupped flowers up to 5 cm in diameter. The flowering period is short - up to three weeks.

The culture is drought-resistant and frost-resistant, but it still needs regular watering, and for the winter young plants need shelter.

Popular varieties of exochords:

  • "Giralda",
  • "Bride",
  • "Niagara".

Ornamental shrubs in the garden can perform many functions. High can be used as a living fence, dwarf as curbs, you can hide unsightly areas of the garden with the help of vines wrapping around the support, to zone the area. Include fantasy, and let your garden pleases the view all year round.

Tree combination options on the plot

Ordinaries (tapeworms), single trees or shrubs, are used to decorate the entrance or facade of a house. Sometimes it can become a central element of the composition. This type attracts maximum attention, so it is important to maintain the tree in perfect condition. It is desirable that the plant has decorative properties throughout all seasons. A ginnal maple is good for the role of an ordinary one, a hand-shaped maple can be planted near the paths (cost from 1,000 to 30,000 rubles) with an elegant pattern of leaves. A white crown of white willow can decorate the shore of the reservoir, and mountain ash (4000–14,000 rubles), Norway maple (about 4000–7000 rubles) will suit the small area.

Groups may contain trees and shrubs of one or more varieties, as well as different numbers of plants. When creating a group composition, it is important to pay attention to the size of the elements (high for low), as well as the color scheme (dark for light). Multicolored groups are able to attract maximum attention: for example, white poplar and red deren, silver maple with shrub Magonia padubolistnaya, etc. Shrub groups are usually composed of flowering plants - different types of lilac, spirea, forsythia, chubushnik.

A hedge usually consists of often planted shrubs or trees of the same species. Often this technique is used to isolate a certain area. A low hedge can come from evergreen boxwood or euonymus. For the average fit privet, spirea Wangutta. High hedges can be organized from small-leaved linden, English oak.

Registration paths lanes landing in the first place depends on the purpose of the paths. Порядок посадки может быть как симметричным, так и шахматным, одноярусным или двухъярусным. Деревья с шарообразной и раскидистой кроной имеют свойство срастаться над узкой дорожкой, образуя своеобразный полог.

Золотые правила садовника: как не ошибиться с подбором лиственных деревьев и кустарников

В первую очередь необходим подробный план посадок. Новички часто допускают банальные ошибки, засаживая участок высокими лиственными деревьями или кустарниками, которые в процессе роста закрывают весь вид и препятствуют попаданию солнца на всю площадь участка. Такие растения лучше будут выглядеть на заднем плане, например, по периметру участка. It is necessary to take into account the boundary of the crown - for example, trees of the first size recommend planting at least 3 m from the edges of the site.

It is necessary to select plants by soil type so that they can develop normally, take into account the level of groundwater. For example, plum and cherry require a water level no closer than 15 m, and a pear and apple tree is only 2 m. You should also familiarize yourself with the rules of caring for each of them in order to calculate how much time and effort you are willing to spend on caring for plants. For the same reason it is worth being careful in choosing exotic species.

Be prepared for the fact that the appearance of the infield will change depending on the time of year. To avoid annoying mistakes, you should know about the periods of flowering and leaf fall, change their color. But this does not mean that you should choose only evergreen and coniferous species, because the winter openwork branches of a particular tree or shrub may look very beautiful.

It is necessary to take into account the compatibility of plants - some species do not get along with others. For example, young pedunculate oak may suffer from close proximity to fast-growing shrubs, such as white turf. But the Norway maple can grow close to almost any shrubs and trees, even conifers.

A brief examination of the key points in the selection of deciduous trees and shrubs for the backyard area calls for an examination of each of them individually. This is necessary in order to draw up a detailed plan for planting taking into account all aspects of plant development. Remember, landscape design is at the junction of areas - not only the creative component, but also the exact scientific approach is important here.


5 Gardening and decoration of residential buildings / avt.- comp. L.G. Polozun, M.L. Mysak. - M .: AST, Donetsk: Stalker, 2005. - 159 p.