Each summer resident has his own secrets for obtaining abundant and high-quality onion harvest. The so-called ammonia water is often used to fertilize onions and other vegetable crops. This tool serves as a plant nutrition and repels many pests. With him and the yield increases. Ammonia solution is also useful for flowering plants in the garden, so gardeners actively use them in their garden plots. How to water onions with ammonia, will be discussed further.
What is the use?
Any garden plants need to increase the green mass to produce the necessary amount of chlorophyll. For normal living vegetables and other garden crops require nitrogen. For fertilizers used carbamide, ammonium nitrate and liquid ammonia.
Ammonia contains 82% nitrogen. If the introduction of organic matter (manure) requires a long time for the decomposition and assimilation of nitrogen, the use of ammonia allows you to saturate the plants with nitrogen as soon as possible.
Ammonia is a 10% aqueous solution of ammonia. It is a colorless liquid with a characteristic odor. Calcium is diluted with water in certain proportions and used for various purposes. Since ammonia water is a nitrogenous fertilizer, it can be used for fertilizing garden plants and fruit trees.
Why water onions with ammonia? The main advantage of the ammonia solution is that it is well absorbed by any garden crops. For this reason, gardeners often use it instead of manure and other organic matter. But when fertilizing vegetable crops, it is necessary to strictly observe the proportions and not exceed the possible dosages.
Onion fertilizer is not the only benefit of ammonia water. Its sharp smell deters insect pests. If you water onions with ammonia, the onion fly will not damage it. Also ammonia solution improves the soil composition and lowers acidity.
When is treatment necessary?
The fact that the bow is not enough nitrogen can be recognized by the sign that the greens are yellowing ahead of time. Of course, the reason may be not only the lack of nitrogenous substances. Irregular watering or adverse weather conditions will also lead to yellowing of onion tops.
Onions can damage onion and carrot flies. Therefore, even before they appear, it is necessary to take preventive measures and treat onion beds. These harmful insects lay their eggs in the ground in early June. After a short time, they form larvae that feed on fruits from the earth, including onions. Larvae in the upper layers of the soil eat the base of the stems.
How to water onions with ammonia for the prevention of volatile pests? It is necessary to add ammonia solution in the row spacing. Then the earth must be pierced.
Ammonia solution is applied once every two weeks in June and July.
The insect is a destructive insect for a bow. It is dangerous for onion and garlic plantings. Its appearance can be seen on specific strips on green onions. The larvae begin to develop inside the feathers, and they can easily be seen there.
How to water onions with ammonia to scare away the beetle? To do this, water the onion beds with a solution of ammonia prepared from 10 liters of water and a quarter cup of ammonia.
Watering is carried out since the 10th of June. After harvesting the onion, the beds are carefully cleaned of plant residues and dredged.
Is it possible to water onions with ammonia at another time? Experienced gardeners are advised not to wait for an attack from harmful insects, but to apply ammonia treatments, starting in spring, when the earth is warm enough. Then the pests will not be able to multiply in the beds.
Signs of needing treatment
Treatment with ammonia is considered a quick way to solve plant problems. As already mentioned, yellowing onion tops - the first sign that speaks of the need to make nitrogenous fertilizers. Thinned stalks of onion and garlic, the suspension of their growth, the absence of flowering on garden plants will also tell about nitrogen deficiency. In large quantities of nitrogenous fertilizers in the garden need not only onions and garlic, but also potatoes, zucchini, pumpkin, cabbage.
Whitened tips of greens in vegetable crops can have various causes. It is necessary to distinguish one state from another:
- Onion feathers brightened and became yellowish. This indicates the need for nitrogen. You can pour onions with ammonia, this is the fastest way to solve the problem. It will help eliminate nitrogen deficiency.
- A white tide appeared on the feathers of the bow, and the tips began to twist. This suggests a lack of potassium. In this case, you need to apply any potash fertilizer. It's okay if it contains other components.
- The stems of onion or garlic are whitened, the so-called freezing effect. This is a condition where onions are in need of ammonia. Watering should be as fast as possible.
- The tips of the onion greens turned white, but the feathers do not curl and do not lose their normal color. In this case, the nitrogen is not needed, it will not have any effect. In order to help the onion to return to a healthy state, it is necessary to pour copper-containing means between the rows.
- The whitened tops of onion feathers can speak about the increased acidity of the soil. Some gardeners make mistakes and acidify the soil too much before planting vegetables. To normalize the soil composition, you must add saltpeter or dolomite flour, in extreme cases - lime. Onion prefers weakly alkaline compositions of the soil, therefore it is necessary not only to reduce acidity, but also to water the beds with ashes. To do this, prepare a solution from a bucket of water and two glasses of ash.
Preparation of ammonia water
Using a solution of ammonia in the garden plot is a simple matter. It is important to correctly prepare the ammonia solution for processing. A gardener may purchase ammonia solution at a pharmacy. The concentration varies depending on the purpose of the treatment:
- for fertilizer, 1/3 cup of ammonia is dissolved in 10 liters of water, 1.5 liters are added for each planting,
- To repel insects, a solution is prepared from ¼ cup of ammonia in a bucket of water, this volume is enough for 2 square meters of plantings,
- To pour onions with ammonia, the proportions will be as follows: 10 tablespoons of substance per 10 liters of water.
Some gardeners use a stick to keep the active substance longer on the onion feathers. These adhesives are sold in fertilizer stores.
Let us consider in more detail how to water onions with ammonia.
As a rule, pour under the root, avoiding falling on feathers. If the solution gets on the greens, a burn may occur and the plant will become sick. Watering is carried out in the evening, after the sun has set.
It is important to adhere to the established proportions in the preparation of ammonia solution and not to exceed them. Increasing the concentration can lead to burn of the roots, as well as burn out beneficial soil microflora.
Are there any disadvantages of this kind of processing? It turns out that they are, although they are few. First of all, the considerable price of the drug. Therefore, it is possible to apply fertilizer and pest control only if there is no other alternative.
Ammonia causticity requires adherence to a certain concentration, otherwise this treatment may do more harm than good.
There are some nuances in the cultivation of onions and its ammonia treatment. Here they are:
- If onions grow for feathers, it must be processed. In addition to the liquid solution, an aqueous solution with dry mustard is used.
- Some gardeners use special adhesives to keep the ammonia solution on the onion feathers. Using cat and dog flea shampoos as sticking adhesives, you should remember that onion feather is not suitable for human consumption.
- If the tops of the onion turned dark green, this indicates a glut of ammonia. In this case, such dressing onions are not needed, and processing should be stopped.
Rules of using ammonia
A solution of ammonia for onions is a wonderful type of fertilizer. But if fertilizing is carried out using sprays, the plant will not receive the required amount of matter. It is better to water the roots of watering.
Consider how to water onions with ammonia correctly. At the same time it is necessary to follow simple recommendations:
- It is necessary to carry out foliar fertilizer in the morning on a sunless day or in the evening, at sunset.
- First, prepare a solution of water and ammonia, then if necessary, add other components.
- When watering, the watering can is kept low in order to maximally nourish the root crop.
- If onion planting areas are extensive, special irrigation systems should be used.
When growing onions on a turnip, first treat the roots of young plants with a solution of ammonia, then spray the feathers, then feed the roots again.
If the leaves begin to dry, the ammonia treatment stops.
The use of any fertilizer requires compliance with safety measures. Ammonia is a volatile gas, and inhalation or contact with skin can cause dire consequences. To avoid dangerous states, you should observe the following precautions:
- Wear goggles and an apron before treatment.
- The hair is covered with a hat.
- A respirator (or gas mask) is desirable.
- The presence of other family members during the procedure should be excluded.
We considered how to water onions and garlic with ammonia. Fertilizing root crops with a similar solution helps to grow a good crop. This method of fertilizer is available and simple. It helps feed the onions and protect them from harmful insects.
But when applying ammonia solution, you should always keep in mind:
- the permissible concentration of the beneficial substance in the aqueous solution must not be exceeded
- this treatment has more advantages than disadvantages,
- ammonia solution can be purchased at any pharmacy.
Remembering these nuances, you can apply ammonia solution in your garden plot and not be afraid to harm plantings.
Characteristics of ammonia
Ammonia or ammonia water solution is a generally available and environmentally safe product (it does not accumulate in the pen or in the bulbs), it is widely used in medicine and in everyday life. It contains a large amount of easily digestible nitrogen, necessary for normal growth and development of plants. The sharp characteristic smell of ammonia helps in the fight against the main pests of bulbous crops (onion fly, carrot fly, weevil, wireworm, aphid, root nematode).
• Ammonia causes irritation or burns to the skin, therefore it is better to work with it in gloves.
• Because of the strong smell, it is advisable to put on a mask or prepare a composition on the street.
• Hypertensive patients should be careful, because contact with ammonia can cause a sharp increase in pressure and poor health.
• The drug should be stored in containers with the lid tightly closed and kept out of the reach of children.
• The optimal temperature for feeding should not be below 10 C.
• Spraying should be carried out in dry weather, in the morning or evening. Otherwise, the liquid drops will work as the lenses in the sun, and burns will appear on the re.
• Watering garlic with liquid ammonia is carried out only under the condition that the soil is already wet. Otherwise, it is possible to provoke a chemical burn of the roots. If the weather is dry and hot, you must first water the plants with plenty of ordinary water.
• Prepare the composition immediately prior to use, since ammonia volatilizes quickly.
Types of feeding
We water or we spray ammonia
Top dressing can be radical, i.e. watering is carried out at the root, or foliar, that is, spraying is carried out on the sheet. In rainy weather you should not conduct foliar feeding, because the working fluid will be washed away. It is desirable that after spraying the drug is not washed off at least three hours.
The first dressing of garlic liquid with ammonia can be done when planting cloves. Watering with ammonia dissolved in water in a ratio of 50 ml per 10 l will simultaneously provide protection against an active soil pest, the wireworm. The average consumption of the prepared solution is 3 buckets per 10 sq. M.
Further, in order to prevent, spraying is regularly carried out on a sheet every 7-10 days with a weak solution in the ratio 25-30 ml per 10 l. Laundry soap is used as an auxiliary substance to keep the mixture on the leaves longer. This soap emulsion is prepared from 100 g of soap and 1 liter of hot water and added to the total composition with ammonia. The period of 10 days is due to the fact that pest larvae hatch from eggs on average once every 10-14 days. Eggs have a very dense shell, so most drugs do not affect them.
If the garlic has turned yellow tips of the leaves and there is a weak development of green mass, the plant suffers from a lack of nitrogen. In this case, the concentration should be increased to 60 ml per 10 liters. It is possible at the same time to water under the root, and to carry out foliar processing. This ensures a more complete and rapid absorption of nitrogen. This procedure will accelerate the growth and development of feathers and garlic bulbs. Loosening between the rows after each irrigation ensures good access of oxygen to the roots and evaporation of excess moisture.
Using ammonia as a fertilizer in the garden
This drug is an excellent fertilizer for vegetables and flowers, a rich source of nitrogen, which, in turn, is part of the lipids, chlorophyll and plant organelles. It is thanks to him that the growth of the green part of the plant is activated, the leaves become saturated green.
Absorb its plants can only from the soil. This explains the answer to the question of why it is necessary to water garden plants with liquid ammonia to preserve the high intensity of chlorophyll formation, wild growth and the rich color of the ground part of crops. Onions and garlic respond to such feeding the best.
The main reasons for choosing ammonia as a feed for onions and garlic
One of the main reasons for feeding garlic and onions with ammonia is to improve the growth of these crops. Nitrogenous compound is well absorbed by plants, and onions and garlic - especially willingly. If you want to use the juicy arrows of these vegetables all summer long, use liquid ammonia.
Also, it is worth thinking about a similar procedure if the arrows of already mature plants have lost their color and turned yellow. This is a direct evidence of a lack of nitrogen in the soil, which requires onions and garlic to be fed with ammonia.
However, do not run the situation to such a state. It is better to pre-fertilize the beds in order to eliminate nitrogen deficiency and ensure an adequate level of chlorophyll formation in the green part of the plants. In addition, with such fertilizers, bulbous crops develop better in the underground part.
Experienced gardeners have long noticed that in time and in the proper quantity, applied ammonia for onions and garlic ensures the formation of large and fleshy heads. After all, this solution is one of the most easily assimilated forms of nitrogen fertilizer.
In addition, the drug helps to fight a number of pests that can not stand its strong smell. Among the most dangerous pests that can be dealt with by this means are: a bear, a carrot fly, a wireworm, a shelter, an onion fly.
How to dilute ammonia for garlic
In order to protect the crop from pests, onions and garlic are sprayed with a solution of ammonia, but diluted in certain proportions with soap. To prepare the composition for spraying, rub on a fine grater 100 g of 72% of household soap or any other, but only without fragrances. Pour it with a liter of hot water and stir until dissolved. The resulting solution is slowly poured into a bucket of water, stirring until the soap is completely dissolved. Now, this mixture can be poured 25% of the product in a volume of 50 ml. That's the whole process explaining how to dilute ammonia.
The resulting mixture should be used immediately by spraying the plants. The procedure is performed every few days. Subsequently after such spraying, the green part of the plants should be thoroughly washed before use.
Also means used for fertilizer. In this case, the dosages differ slightly depending on the purpose of the solution. So, if plants show acute signs of nitrogen starvation, a tablespoon of 25% of the product is poured into a liter of water. This is the maximum dosage, which, in principle, can be used for feeding with ammonia of plants.
If the leaves of the plant are not thin, rich green and smooth, the tool can be used as a preventive measure. To do this, it is diluted in the amount of 30 ml (2 tablespoons) in a bucket of water.
Feeding onions with liquid ammonia
The question how to dilute ammonia for watering onions is solved a little differently. But in this case, it all depends on the purpose of using the solution. Для борьбы с таким вредителем, как морковная муха, в ведре воды надо развести 5 мл средства и поливать этим раствором грунт вокруг растения. Распространяемый резкий запах отпугнет насекомое.
От проволочника в ведре воды разводят 10 мл средства и поливают им растения. Для скрытнохоботника потребуется уже 25 мл на десять литров воды. The treatment of plants is carried out at the beginning of the summer once a week.
Onion feeding with ammonia is carried out with a solution in the ratio of a teaspoon per liter of water. It will provide onions thick and juicy greens.
If you need to get large root vegetables beds are watered with a solution prepared in such proportions: a tablespoon of ammonia in a bucket of water. This watering is done once a week, which significantly increases the yield of the crop.
It should be remembered that this fluid is a rather caustic substance, which, if it comes into contact with the skin, especially mucous membranes, can cause severe burning. Therefore, it should always be kept out of the reach of children and animals. In case of abrupt inhalation of its vapors, reflex respiratory arrest may occur, and if swallowed - burns the esophagus and mouth.
If you are planning to carry out garlic dressing with ammonia, you must comply with safety measures, use personal protective equipment - a mask, gloves.
It is advisable to prepare the solution in fresh air, in extreme cases, in well ventilated rooms. If you suffer from hypertension, it is better to refuse to work with this tool, because it can increase the pressure. Make sure that the substance does not mix with chlorine-containing agents.
As you can see, feeding of garlic and onion ammonia helps to cope with starvation of vegetable crops, to ensure a large crop. It is only important to take precautions when preparing the solution and use it in the right proportions.
Winter garlic fertilizer
This is a necessary action to strengthen and feed the vegetable after the winter period. Held three times per season. The first time feeding is introduced a couple of days after the snow melt and under the condition of stable warming. The second time the process is repeated in 2-3 weeks. The third dressing is done in early June, during the formation of the head.
Fertilizer spring garlic
Care for spring variety has some differences. Timely dressing nourishes garlic with nutrients, gives impetus to the rapid germination of pagons. For the first time, fertilizers are applied several days before the landing of the teeth in the freshly dug soil. The second feeding is carried out with the appearance of several feathers. The last fertilizer is held in mid-June.
Council It is necessary to adhere to these timing of feeding for optimal results - useful substances should stimulate the growth of teeth, the development of the head, and not the stem and leaves.
There are several ways to feed garlic. Gardeners use natural and special chemical fertilizers.
The use of chemicals requires caution and some knowledge - improper use can harm humans and plants. Ready mixes are made from potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen in certain proportions. The agent is applied in a dry form - in a moistened soil and diluted with water.
There is another option for the use of chemical fertilizers. At the first stage, urea is used, at the next stage - nitrophoska, at the third - superphosphate.
The easiest and most effective way to fertilize garlic with organic means is to add ashes and settled manure or chicken manure to the soil (be sure to dilute 1: 7 with water to avoid damage to the plant). Use such a solution should be careful to avoid contact with the leaves.
Another option to strengthen the garlic can be planting green mans. In this case, it is legumes and cereals. They are able to accumulate nutrients and neutralize the increased acidity of the soil.
Need to consider! Remove siderata should be young and distributed over the entire surface of the beds. In the process of rotting, they play the role of mulch.
Fertilizer for feeding
Often, when a problem arises: yellowing garlic than watering and feeding ammonia can be a real salvation. Oddly enough, but this tool is very affordable, be sure to be found in every medicine cabinet, acts as a good feed for onions and garlic. The whole secret is in a significant content of nitrogen in ammonia. Thanks to nitrogen, plants can produce chlorophyll, and as a result green mass develops - stems, leaves. Vegetables grow better, getting more life-giving substances. Despite the fact that nitrogen is contained in the air, plants can not assimilate it - they absorb the substance from the soil.
Calcium for garlic is a good alternative to nitrogen-containing fertilizers - they contribute to the accumulation of nitrates in vegetables. In addition, there are several positive factors when using ammonia for garlic and onions:
- Plants are not able to accumulate nitrogen, there is no danger of overdose,
- The efficiency of this method of fertilizer - sal ammoniac costs a little, one bubble is enough for a large area,
- Supplementing garlic with ammonia is not as harmful to humans and the environment as synthetic fertilizers,
- Ammonia well affects the composition of the soil, reduces its acidity,
- The drug can be used when detecting yellowed leaves, and as a preventive measure against diseases.
The basic rules of feeding garlic ammonia
Fertilizer plants ammonia is carried out in several stages:
- Ammonia is used for garlic in the spring when the bed is prepared. The dug, moistened soil is watered with a solution of ammonia (50 ml) and cold water (10 l),
- The following feeding is carried out when a few leaves appear. To prepare the solution, 2 tablespoons of ammonia are added to 10 liters of cold water,
- In the future, fertilizing can be carried out as a prophylaxis 2-3 times a month, but now with a lower concentration (1 spoon of ammonia and 10 liters of water).
Must remember! Fertilize the garden should be in the evening after the pre-irrigation. After completion of the feeding process, the soil should be loosened.
There are circumstances when garlic needs emergency help: yellowing appears at the tips of the feathers for no apparent reason, the yield figures drop. In such cases, the vegetable is immediately treated with a solution of ammonia (60 ml of ammonia per 10 liters of water).
Due to its sharp peculiar smell, ammonia scares off pests that threaten future harvest: aphid, onion and carrot fly, weevil, wireworm. To combat insects will be an effective solution of ammonia (25 ml of ammonia per 10 liters of water) with the addition of soap. With it, the tool keeps well on the green garlic mass.
The correct sequence of preparation of the solution:
- Grate the soap and pour a little hot water
- Chilled soap solution diluted in cold water,
- Add ammonia to the mixture.
Safety rules when working with ammonia
With careless use of ammonia may have serious consequences: burns, poisoning. This should be remembered and not to neglect the precautionary measures:
- The solution is added to water, by no means the opposite,
- Work on fertilizer is carried out in calm weather with the use of gloves and gauze dressing,
- If ammonia gets on the skin or eyes, wash them immediately and consult a doctor.
- For hypertensive patients, it is better to avoid working with ammonia - sudden increases in pressure are possible.
Ammonium nitrate garlic fertilizer
A good alternative to ammonia is a special tool - ammonium nitrate. Its composition, rich in nitrogen and sulfur, allows you to restore yellow leaves, strengthen plants.
Nitrogen contributes to the greening of the feather part of garlic, thanks to sulfur it is well absorbed.
The presence of trace elements calcium and mania in the composition of nitre for garlic well strengthens cellulose and root system.
The use of ammonium nitrate has many positive factors:
- The optimal composition for universal fertilizer,
- Rapid impact and lasting effect
- Ease of use,
- Good performance at low temperatures.
Despite all the good sides, the use of ammonium nitrate has its drawbacks:
- The structure and composition of the soil changes - the amount of salts grows, the acidity may increase,
- The nitrogen content is lower than, say, in urea, and it may not be enough for the full development of the vegetable.
Basic principles of fertilizer application
The first dressing of garlic with ammonium nitrate is carried out in spring (spring variety) or in autumn (winter variety) to prevent future stems from turning yellow.
30 g of nitrate is diluted with 10 liters of water, irrigation of the soil is carried out. In the autumn, the bed should be watered before the first frost, in the spring - after the snow melts, before planting. In the case of organic fertilizers, the rate of nitrate is reduced by half.
It is recommended to conduct 3-4 dressings per season. Can be combined with urea. Watering should be carried out with the dissolved chemical in the evening, having previously moistened the soil.
It is necessary to avoid excessive use of ammonium nitrate - all the power of the plant goes into the green mass, the heads themselves may remain small.
To facilitate the process of growing onions and garlic, complex fertilizers are produced - these are special products that include important substances in optimal proportions.
The most famous dressings:
- Cinderella - a complex based on wood ash with additives of humic acid, various herbs: nettle, calendula, melissa. This fertilizer has a good effect on the growth and development of onions, helps to get rid of insects: ticks, nematodes, onion thrips, flies. Well manifested in the opposition to powdery mildew, regulates the acidity of the soil. One package of "Cinderella" is enough for planting 20-25 kg of teeth. Add fertilizer to loosened, 10 cm deep soil,
- Fasasco - a special dressing for garlic and onions. It is packaged in the form of granules. The main function of this complex is to nourish the plant and increase the yield. Due to its unique composition, is the source of strength and health of the future harvest. This complex includes almost all the necessary micro and macro elements (calcium, sodium, magnesium, potassium, iron, zinc). Studies have shown that the use of means from Fasco called "Onions and garlic" is able to raise the crop by 70%. Fertilizer is applied to the soil during the digging of the beds in the quantities indicated on the package.
Fertilizing and feeding garden crops is an indispensable part of the process of growing your favorite plants. But in the race for high yields, we must not forget about caution and a sense of proportion. Be sure to follow the instructions in order not to harm the plants, the soil and their health.
Nutrition - the basis of life
For normal growth plants need carbohydrates, which are formed in the process of photosynthesis from carbon dioxide and water in the light with the participation of the green pigment chlorophyll. The composition of its molecule consists of four nitrogen atoms - this element is vital for nutrition and plant growth. Carbon dioxide our green friends get from the atmosphere. But nitrogen can be absorbed from the air (although it takes up 78% of the volume) only the chosen ones can - mostly legumes. The quality of nutrition of all other plants depends on whether enough nitrogen is contained in the soil. Especially sensitive to this are onions and garlic, which have structural features:
- Loquate thin roots of low power. A weak root system may not always provide the necessary nutrition for the plant. Nutrients and moisture should be close to the surface - only in this case they can be absorbed.
- Onions and garlic have no clear division into root, stem and leaves.therefore all parts of these cultures are interconnected. The deterioration of one of them immediately affects the whole plant. Ultimately, the lack of basic macronutrients, among which nitrogen plays a major role, will jeopardize the entire crop.
Diagnosis - nitrogen deficiency.
The importance of the role of nitrogen in plant formation can be understood from the following chain: nitrogen deficiency in the soil — little chlorophyll — leaves turn yellow — photosynthesis is weak — enough organic matter is not formed — the growth of culture slows down.
It is easy to determine the nitrogen deficiency in the soil for a number of signs:
Prevention and ambulance
Our ancestors noticed remarkable properties: “Onions from seven diseases”, “Garlic and onions will relieve from suffering”. These plants they will always come to the rescue of people, but with a nitrogen deficiency in the soil they themselves need help. Prevention is always preferable, so it is best to feed onions and garlic in advance. If the signs of nitrogen deficiency are already visible, urgent measures will be required to treat the plants - everything can be corrected.
The question that worries many - what to use for feeding? Everyone wants to get not only a rich, but also an environmentally friendly harvest.
The table lists the fertilizers, the use of which can increase the level of nitrogen in the soil and will allow you to collect more onions and garlic. It remains to examine the information and make a choice.
The benefits of ammonia for onions and garlic
Improving plant growth is the main reason for feeding onions and garlic with liquid ammonia. These plants readily absorb nitrogen compounds, the alcohol composition will help the gardener to receive the whole season of nourishing greens.
The solution is also used if the green mass loses its color and turns yellow. The changed appearance of the pen indicates a lack of nitrogen in the ground, and for onions and garlic, such treatment would be the best option. But do not run vegetables. For prophylaxis, it is worthwhile to pre-irrigate the onion with liquid ammonia.
How and when to conduct dressing
Not knowing all the subtleties of caring for plants, you can confuse the compositions and use ammonia or ammonium nitrate as a watering onion. But you should know that ammonia is a solution of ammonia gas in water, and ammonium is ordinary ammonia, which is practically not used in agricultural technology.
Ammonia solution - the most easily digestible form of nitrogen fertilizers. Professional gardeners have long concluded that the use of liquid ammonia for garlic and onion saves not only the leaf mass, but also ensures the formation of large and juicy heads.
Ammonia should be used as a fertilizer when it is necessary to urgently introduce nitrogen into the soil. Nitrogen starvation in plants manifests itself in various forms; at the first signs of disease, measures should be taken immediately and the causes should be identified.
If the tips of the arrows have brightened and lost brightness, and the stems have become yellow, this is a sign of a lack of nitrogen in the soil.
Plant feeding is carried out once a decade. Start with a little concentration. With each treatment, the dose is increased and reach the recommended.
Dates of dressings
As a preventive measure, onion and garlic are fed in the spring, immediately after the first shoots. The meaning of spraying is that the substance should act and stay on the feathers as long as possible.
Growing onion crops to produce root crops, they initially feed the plants by adding the composition to the roots. For the second and third times, ammonia is used for stalks of onion in the form of foliar treatment, and ordinary watering is carried out with the addition of ammonia.
Preparation of working solution
Gardeners without experience are interested in how much liquid ammonia is needed for processing and how many parts of water are used in the composition. A caustic substance is capable of burning the stems and the turnip of a culture, therefore it is extremely important to calculate the correct dosage. Usually for the solution take 25% of the drug from the pharmacy. The proportions of alcohol are always determined by the purpose of use, but the permissible composition is one teaspoon of ammonia per liter of water.
In order for the onions to have a juicy and thick feather, for sprinkling it is necessary to dilute 5 tbsp. spoons on a bucket of water. For large root crops feeding is carried out under the root. 3 tablespoons of alcohol per 10 liters of water should be diluted for irrigation. Water culture once a decade, after such treatments significantly increases the yield.
Ammonia is a volatile compound, it is not recommended to water onion feathers with ammonia from a sprayer. It is better to carry out the procedure with a watering can with small holes. Spray should be visible, but not very small.
Extra root dressing is carried out in good weather without rain and wind. For the event choose the morning or evening time of the day. Means for watering keep low, so that the substance falls on the green plants.
If the concentration of the composition is exceeded, feathers can be burned. To prevent this from happening, half an hour after processing, the greens are sprayed with clean water.
Salve in pest control
Some parasites are sensitive to ammonia vapor, and ammonia is the best means of protection against pests. Small onion flies are difficult to notice, but they cause great damage. On parts of the bulb, the insect lays the larvae, which can spoil the roots in a short time.
Processing ammonia onion fly larvae immediately after the appearance. Prepare a concentrated solution, which is made under the root, so that it does not fall on the pen. На следующие сутки после обработки для продления неприятного аромата почву рыхлят. Вторично обработку проводят через месяц.
Нашатырный спирт получают путем соединения аммиака с водой. Аммиак газ без цвета, но с очень неприятным запахом. Приобрести бутылочку нашатыря можно в любой аптеке. Его выпускают в форме раствора 10%. На этикетке может быть написано «Нашатырный спирт» или «Аммиак». In both cases, it is the same remedy.
From the ammonia formula NH нашOH it is clear that there is nitrogen (N) in the composition. This chemical element is necessary for all plants to grow. Vegetables can absorb nitrogen from the soil, and not in pure form, but in the form of a compound.
The benefits of ammonia are not only high nitrogen concentrations. With its sharp smell, it scares off plant pests. They are afraid of it and insects, encroaching on garlic:
Yellow garlic leaves are the first sign that pests have started in the garden. Using ammonia water can solve two problems: to feed growing garlic with nitrogen, to rid it of pests.
Why do many people choose ammonia?
Someone will disagree and say that there is a large amount of nitrogenous fertilizers and various insecticides to solve these problems. This is true, but the main advantage of feeding garlic with ammonia is the absence of nitrates in the crop. For many, the desire to grow organic vegetables is the main goal, so they choose ammonia.
We list the advantages that they receive:
- there is no accumulation of nitrogen in the heads,
- cost savings, as the drug is cheap, its processing costs are small,
- the nitrogen contained in ammonia is easily assimilated by the juicy, bright green feather and the filling heads,
- you can not be afraid to overfeed the garlic with nitrogen, this is not going to happen 100%.
The main rule of an experienced gardener is not to eliminate the problem, but to warn it. Do not wait until the yellow garlic feathers appear on your bed, use our recipes for processing garlic with ammonia and forget about the problems.
This recipe can be used for onions, both cultures suffer from the same insects. According to the recipe you need ammonia, water and soap. Soap means should be added to the water solution. Gardeners prefer 72% of household soap. It must first be rubbed on a grater with small holes.
To prepare, take a 10-liter bucket of water. To obtain the working fluid, we take 100 g of rubbed soap and 50 ml of ammonia. Soap chips are diluted with a small amount of hot water and only after that they are poured into a bucket. Before the application, the solution should be mixed well again and immediately begin processing.
Important! Use the prepared solution immediately, until ammonia has evaporated from it.
For work you will need a sprayer. From pests need to spray all the feathers of garlic. It does not matter if the solution remains, they can process the cabbage from the cruciferous flea or aphids. During the summer of carrot flies, ammonia processing will protect carrot beds. One treatment is not enough, it will need another 2-3 times to repeat.
It is necessary to feed the garlic ammonia every 2 weeks, without waiting for signs of nitrogen starvation. During the summer, alternate the root and foliar form of fertilizer. For example, winter garlic (planted in the fall) is watered with ammonia in the spring 2 weeks after the appearance of the feather. At the end of June, water the garlic beds last.
For the prevention of nitrogen starvation, an ammonia solution of low concentration is prepared. On a bucket of water enough 2 spoons of the drug. Watering garlic early in the morning or in the evening after 17-00, this also applies to the treatment of a feather from pests. Watering in sunny weather can burn leaves.
Signs of nitrogen starvation
How to understand that there is not enough nitrogen in the soil and garlic needs fertilizer. Like any other vegetable, it signals an external manifestation of the problem. Here are the main signs of nitrogen deficiency:
- small feathers
- slow head formation
- flaccid, yellowed, feather,
- pale stem color.
The yellow color of the leaves sometimes signals a lack of iron, as well as when the summer resident rarely waters the garlic bed and the soil often dries out. The difference between nitrogen starvation is the yellowing of old leaves in the first place, the young in the second.
We will understand what is dangerous nitrogen deficiency for culture. Can't get a good harvest. Due to the gradual yellowing of the leaves to the head, there are fewer nutrients, they are not enough to form a full-fledged head.
Reference. On the soil with a low content of nitrogen in weeds red streaks.
Nitrogen deficiency is most commonly found on acidic soils. Know the soil pH on your site is easy. For this purpose there is litmus paper for sale. And even better, if in everyday life will be a special device for determining the acidity. They are inexpensive and always on sale. Adjusting the acidity of the soil will help increase the yield of garlic.
How else to feed the garlic?
Ammonia is not the only means that summer residents use when growing garlic. The grass is considered a good supplier of nitrogen, you can find it at any cottage. Suitable grass, mowed on the lawn and the usual weeds. Picked grass must first chop, then fill it with 2/3 of the total volume.
Fill the barrel to the top with water and leave to ferment for 2 weeks. The contents of the barrel 2-3 times during this period, mix. Ready infusion is considered a concentrated fertilizer. In its pure form it is not used, it is customary to dilute with water in a ratio of 1:10. It is possible to feed garlic with such herbal fertilizer in June, later it is not recommended to do this, since potassium and phosphorus will be needed for the formation of heads.