There is another name for this bird - Shershka. This unique chicken is so ancient that in history there is practically no information about its origin. The exact place where this layer was born is also unknown. Argued that a variety was obtained by Asian scientists from the south-eastern regions.
Since ancient times, the bird has been popular in India, so many consider this country its homeland. After a while, an exotic beauty spread throughout the world. In European countries, there are clubs of poultry farmers who love this breed. On the territory of Russia, unfortunately, feathered beauty is less popular.
However, there are farms where it can be found. But, anyway, the klusha is on the verge of extinction. Curly chickens are a type of decorative, exotic birds. Nevertheless, it is good for breeding as a universal, meat-and-egg worker.
Breed of chickens Curly description
Once you see this chicken in the photo or in reality, it will be impossible to confuse it with someone else. Unique appearance makes it unique. Consider the characteristics of appearance that are inherent in this variety.
- To start weight indicators. In feathered ladies, it is about 2-2.2 kg, and for leaders of the pack - up to 3 kg. These indicators are described in the standard, and they are considered to be average. The fact is that on European farms there are individuals that can weigh up to 4 kg.
- A strange feature that makes this kuru unique is unusual feathers. Each feather is curved outward, and slightly twisted. In ordinary chickens feathers are adjacent to the body, and in these - the opposite. Taken together, these feathers create a “hedgehog” effect, due to which the clubs look bulky and fluffy. Even the paws of the Shersett are operative.
- There are several varieties of color, which are described in the existing standard. So, the color can be: white, black, blue and fawn. There are other varieties, but scientists question their belonging to this species.
- The constitution is harmonious, even a little elegant. The tummy is not pronounced, but the round breast protrudes, making the birds more stately. The wings are pretty big, and the relief of the thigh muscles adds to the shape.
- The head is medium in size and has an oval shape. Roosters have a predatory gaze, and ladies' eyes look quite expressive, with an orange or reddish iris. Comb, ears and earrings in red. The rooster has powerful, erect scallops with even teeth. Less common are individuals with pinkish crests.
Exotic "kukeryashki" Curly chickens are not only unique in their external characteristics, they also have an interesting character. Only feathered ladies can differ in meek temper, and cockerels have a slightly cocky character.
Indomitable leaders up to a certain age should be kept separately, in order to avoid conflicts. Although subject to the proper formation of families, there will be no problems in the poultry yard. But, poultry breeders do not recommend keeping Cherchets with other species.
Curly hens get sick often. Survival in adults is about 80-85%. This figure can be significantly increased if you surround the herd with care and take good care of it. In addition to the parasites and ticks, mentioned above, the quills suffer from colds, they do not tolerate temperature fluctuations.
The poultry farmer is required to maximize the implementation of preventive measures, as well as concern for safety. What reviews?
- Poor health.
- Demanding care.
So we reviewed one of the few birds on the planet. While the curly breed of chickens has not completely disappeared, you can share an article about it with your friends on social networks - maybe they will be interested in this topic. Subscribe to site updates to be the first to read new, interesting articles!
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History of origin
An ancient breed of chickens, which originates in Southeast Asia. It is not known for certain in which country the breed was born, but many sources indicate India. After hatching chickens in Europe, they quickly gained popularity, after which they began to be bred in many farms, both for receiving products and as pets.
External characteristics of chickens
Consider the appearance of the bird, as well as the characteristic differences. Tell about the gene curl.
By European standards let's say the next color: black, silver, white, fawn, blue. Some sources also mention brown as a valid color.
A defect is considered to be too dull or blurred color, as well as the presence of spots or stripes, which are different in color from the general color.
Home "highlight" breed - curled fluffy feathersthat both roosters and chickens have. For the presence of such a feather is the corresponding gene, which is inherited. If curly chickies mate with a breed that has standard plumage, then the young will have an average curl. When you next cross curliness will appear less and less. At the same time, the standard for this breed assumes that the individuals have an average curliness, which is achieved when the individuals with low and high curlyness are correctly crossed.
In this breed, the feather shaft has an arcuate shape; therefore, each feather is bent at a certain angle. The degree of curl affects not only the appearance, but also the fragility of the plumage, so much curly chickens have an unpresentable appearance, since their feathers fall out at the slightest touch.
The head is of medium size, oval. The beak is slightly bent, of medium size, strong. The crest is small, short, shaped like a leaf or a rose. The iris of the eyes is colored dark red. Earrings are long, round, bright red. The back is flat, of medium length, wide in the shoulder section. The chest is plump, slightly arched. The wings are long, slightly down. The tail is disheveled, wide. Legs of medium length, plumage may be present or absent.
Birds of this breed are not shy, curious, do not show aggression towards a person, however they can fight with other breeds, therefore they should be kept separately. Roosters can fight among themselves for territory and hens, therefore it is important to form a family correctly. Chickens are not distinguished by their aggressiveness towards both “fellows” and other types of birds.
Shershets (alternative name of the breed) are referred to meat and egg group, as they are relatively well carried, and also give high quality meat.
The average egg production is 120-140 eggs per year. Egg mass - 50-55 g. Sexual maturity is reached at six months of age. At the same time, the degree of curliness affects the maturation of the young. The higher the curliness, the later the chickens begin to lay eggs.
The average weight of a rooster is 3 kg. The average chicken weight is 2 kg.
Since the bird has twisted feathers, she can't fly. Accordingly, the nests can not be placed at a height. This does not allow the use of a relatively small room for a large livestock, with the nests ascending levels. All perches should be placed on the floor, so extra attention is paid to the quality of the litter that needs to be changed more often. Nests should be large enough to reduce feather breakage.
Since the plumage is not adjacent to the skin, it is not able to protect the chicken from low temperatures. When the temperature in the chicken coop drops to 9-8 ° C, the bird begins to experience discomfort. If it gets colder, it starts to hurt. However, during strong heat, the lumps feel many times better than other breeds of chickens, since their plumage does not perform the function of a thermos.
Also pay attention to the thickness of the litter, as in the cold season the bird can get sick due to contact with the "ice" floor.
Curly chickens extremely react negatively to increased humidity, because their plumage does not perform a protective function. Because of this, even a slight increase in humidity in the chicken coop leads to colds.
In the warm season, the bird should not be located on wetlands or flooded areas, which will also have a negative impact on health.
Scratches molt quickly, so the break in the egg-laying is small. However, during the change of plumage, chickens are vulnerable to temperature and humidity variations, which should be followed to carefully control conditions and improve the diet. The “unscheduled” moult can affect productivity, which can begin at the livestock due to poor nutrition or infection of louse. In this case, you need as soon as possible to identify the cause, then treat the bird or improve the diet.
Chickens of this breed have good maternal instincttherefore, they care not only about the eggs, but also about the young. The percentage of hatching chicks is 85-90% without the use of an incubator. If necessary conditions were created for the hens, they can produce 3 broods over the summer.
With all this, there are drawbacks. The problem is that when two medium kinks are crossed, only 60% of the young will have the same kind of feathers, and 40% will turn out to be smooth. If the bird is bred solely for the production of meat and eggs, then such a flaw is not felt, but other breeds must be attracted for breeding work.
Chickens quickly acquire plumage, and then also quickly gain weight. The requirements for care and nutrition are identical to other breeds, so there are no problems with young stock breeding.
Advantages and disadvantages
- good productive qualities
- developed maternal instinct,
- high percentage of young stock,
- low feed intake.
- high demands on the quality of food supply,
- poor health.
Reviews of poultry farmers about curly breed
Curly chickens are popular in Europe, but it is quite difficult to buy from us. However, only in the southern regions you can create the necessary conditions for growing without high costs. The breed has a good productivity, but grow it exclusively for meat and eggs is not profitable.
How did the breed appear?
The exact date and place of origin of the curly breed is not known. It is believed that for the first time birds appeared about 2-3 centuries ago in India. The gene through which curliness is transmitted is genetically laid.
Therefore, it is transmitted to any other breed of chickens with a smooth plumage. For this, ordinary birds are crossed with curly roosters. Curly - the dominant gene, so almost 100% of the offspring also acquire it.
Curly breed of chickens
The head of the hens is small and harmonizes well with the small body. The comb in chickens and roosters is different. In males, it is more often rosy, covering the entire head. But in chickens it can be different: in some it is almost absent, while in others it is leaf-like with 5-6 teeth.
The earlobes are also small, but the earrings are rather large, especially for roosters. Both the comb and the earrings have the same scarlet color. But ear lobes can be pale pink or white. The iris is brown or black.
The body of the curly hens is small, rounded. Chest wide, but incomplete. The wings are long, not pressed to the body, and lowered down. The tail is lush, disheveled, but against the background of overall curl it is not striking. True, the feathers on it are longer and straight.
As a rule, the color of the tail plumage coincides with the main color of the birds.
Feet short, may be covered with abundant plumage, especially in males. However, in most chickens, feather socks are absent, and the tarsus is gray-brown in color.
The color of the plumage may be different. There are birds of gray, brown, black. At the same time, the plumage is monotonous, not motley. Only brown curly chickens on the wings and tail color of feathering is different. The main color is light brown, and the wings and tail are black.
Breed is of two main varieties: ordinary and dwarf. Outwardly, they are completely similar to each other, and differ only in size. Dwarf chickens are called bentams.
More photos of this breed:
White Curly Chicken
Chicken for a walk
Feeding and feeding characteristics
Chickens are very rare, and they can be found mainly among connoisseurs of ornamental species. Curly breed of chickens should be kept in special conditions. During the rearing of these birds it is necessary to take into account that they have special plumage, which requires constant care. Feathers weakly retain heat, so there should be high temperatures in the coop, even in winter.
To do this, a thick layer of straw, dry leaves or other decking is distributed to the bottom of the house. Be sure to equip the heating system for the cold season. Particularly in need of additional heating birds with very curly plumage.
Also, in autumn and winter, they are heavily fed to better form subcutaneous fat that protects birds from frost. In addition, during the keeping of such birds, it is necessary to take into account some more features:
- Since curly feathers break very quickly, the birds need a spacious chicken coop so that they do not crowd during sleep. In addition, the appearance of chickens may suffer during mating. Therefore, if birds are raised for ornamental purposes only, it is better to keep chickens and roosters separately. Skirmishes between males are rare. If you keep females and males in the same room, then part of the plumage is lost after 2-3 months, while the back is bald.
- Chickens can not fly. Therefore, perches should be placed at a small distance from the ground. It is also recommended to equip warm nests so that birds can not only run in them, but also sleep at night.
- Increased moisture has a negative effect on chickens. The fact is that the curly plumage practically does not protect individuals from rain. Therefore, the roof in the chicken coop must be made of quality material that does not leak.
- To feed the chickens you need 3 times a day, and in the winter - 4. The feed includes vitamin and mineral supplements.
- For birds equip ash baths, through which they clean the feathers from contamination. In addition, due to this, parasites do not appear in the feathers of birds.
Although you can not call chickens curly breed too whimsical in the care. If you initially create good conditions for the birds, then in the future it can be maintained without problems.
A common difference in the description of the Curly Chicken breed is the presence of curled up feathers, which cover the body with a continuous cover. Short legs are feathered and no, also, there is no clear indication of the shape of the ridge.
The earlobes are mid-size, white, red round earrings. Wings bowed, tail disheveled medium size.
Birds created on the basis of the Polish group of chickens have a fluffy tuft. An interesting variation is the breeding with Chinese silk chickens.
In European standards, four colors are accepted: black (silver), blue, fawn and white. However, since ordinary birds with different colors are used in curly production, in reality, variations of colors and plumage of chickens are much more.
Domestic Curly chickens of light weight (rooster up to 3.0 kg, chicken up to 2.1 kg), with a wide body and medium back length. Head and neck - medium. Thanks to the "disheveled" plumage, the bird most of all resembles a fluffy ball.
In Europe, larger ones are described: a rooster up to 3.6 kg, a chicken up to 2.7 kg, and also benthams, the weight of which varies between 0.5-0.8 kg.
Productive characteristics are average. A hen blows annually from 120 to 160 light brown eggs, weighing 25 - 45 grams, depending on the type of bird. Egg production starts at 6 months, and in severely curly ones it can linger.
From above Curly chickens resemble a hummock of red moss 🙂 (in the photo - red coloring from the farm Nadar G., Leningrad region).
The plumage is loose and loose, therefore the birds are much more sensitive to cold. In order for the chickens to not deteriorate, they need a higher temperature in winter than their smooth-knitted brethren.
However, on frosty but dry winter days, they gladly walk in the snow.
The more curly a bird, the more comfortable conditions it needs. And due to the fact that chickens spend more time on the floor, the thickness of the litter is also important for them, which is best done as thick as possible.
The heat-loving chickens also affects their appetite in the autumn-winter period. At this time, Curly chickens are more demanding to the energy saturation of feed, although at other times of the year they are unpretentious in feeding.
Humidity for plumage Curly harmful. They are satisfied with the privately run, with a mandatory canopy over the entire territory of the enclosure. Do not allow feathers to get wet by flooding water, and in the hen house itself it must be dry and clean all the time.
Purchase of livestock
Учитывая проблемы в породе (и сомнениями в устойчивости закрепления в потомстве внешних признаков), серьезных заводчиков в России Курчавой куре нет. Инкубационное яйцо активно возят из Польши, но оно, как правило, теряется на просторах нашей Родины. Качественное импортное яйцо стоит от 30 евро за десяток.
In Russia, the daily chicken Curly chicken on sale starts from 120 rubles. (according to the 2016 season). Very often, under the guise of breed, ordinary chickens with a curly gene are sold, therefore webferma.com advises when choosing a seller to listen to reviews.
If you supply livestock - be placed in our catalog of agricultural producers.
General description of curly chickens
Curly chickens - small in size. Comb - leaf-shaped or rosy, ear lobes medium, white, red rounded earrings.
Legs are feathered. Color - white, black, silver or brown. The body is wide and deep, the back and neck are medium. The wings are long, lowered. Tail disheveled, medium. The overall outlines are rounded.
The breed has two varieties: ordinary and dwarf. They differ only in the size of the bird. The dwarf curly is traditionally called bentams, like the dwarf other breeds.
A distinctive feature of curly chickens, as you might guess from the name, is curly, upturned plumage.
The feather core has an arched shape, due to which the feather is bent upward, which gives the birds a disheveled and rather unusual look. The sign can be expressed to varying degrees: weak, medium or strong.
Breeds are birds with an average degree of curlysuch should be the majority.
If the breed divorces itself, only half of the chickens will have perfect plumage, a quarter of the chickens will receive weakly plumage from their parents, another quarter - heavily curly (these birds are also called “woolly”, they have not the most presentable appearance because of excessively fragile plumage) .
In order to maintain the maximum number of high-grade chickens, the birds are bred, sitting down on the heavily curly chickens of slightly coarse cocks and vice versa.
By their nature, these are intimidating, curious and rather calm birds, they are easily tamed, willingly go in contact with a person, very friendly. Hatching eggs readily, but are not used as broods for rarer breeds.
Cultivation and maintenance
Features of the content of these chickens are associated with their luxurious, but requiring constant care plumage.
It is worse than usual, it retains heat, therefore, when being kept without heating, a thick layer of flooring is necessary, and in cold regions heating of the coop is necessary. Particularly thermophilic chickens with a strong degree of curl. They also need more feed in the winter and autumn seasons.
Also curly feathers break easilytherefore some caution should be exercised in the equipment of the coop. These birds cannot be kept in cramped spaces, where they quickly break and lose some of their luxurious plumage.
Appearance may suffer as a result of mating or skirmishing, although in general curly chickens are peaceful and are not often inclined to clash.
When kept together with the rooster, the plumage of chickens will begin to suffer greatly after 3 months, the backs of the hens will go bald. The fragility of plumage and the degree of baldness in different birds is different and depends on the genetics. But in keeping and breeding, if you have a goal to have neat and beautiful birds, you should take some caution.
The content should take into account that chickens are practically unable to fly, so the roost should be arranged very low from the ground, and increased attention should be paid to litter for the floor.
It is better to equip warm nests in which birds can spend the night, or roost no more than 30 cm from the ground.
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Another “risk factor” is moisture. The curly plumage is worse than the usual feather protects the bird from the rain, so there must be a strong canopy in the hen house.
But in general, it is impossible to call the breed whimsical, lovers rather successfully breed curly chickens: this breed is attractive combination of ease of keeping and breeding, rather high egg-yielding with an unusual appearance.
For the happy life of the bird will be enough strong warm chicken coop and a comfortable perch for a night rest., like most of the more common breeds.
The peculiarities include interesting results when crossed with other decorative breeds with an unusual structure of plumage.
When crossing a strong-cocked rooster with a chicken with normal plumage (or vice versa) half of the chickens will receive an average degree of curlyness - the trait is very well transmitted when crossed with “smooth” breeds.
The weight of an adult rooster of the usual variety is 2.8-3 kg, chicken - 1.8-2.1 kg.
Egg production - 120 eggs per year, egg weight - 59 g, shell color - brown. Chicken run in 6 months. The safety of the young - 89%, adults - 92%.
Where to buy in Russia?
In Russia, this breed can be called a rare, but an unusual appearance and unpretentiousness help curly chickens to gain more and more popularity.
In some farms, you can buy eggs and young curly chickens, but their prevalence varies greatly from region to region.
Here are a few farms that deal with curly chickens:
- Kursk farm Kukareku, tel: +7 (919) 174-46-47, address: Kursk, st. Dubrovinsky, 14,
- Perm farm IP Radosteva Tatyana Petrovna, tel: +7 (902) 800-32-70, e-mail: [email protected], address: Perm region, Dobryansky district, pos. Polazna ul.Nagornaya 19,
- farm, head Rudakova Maria, tel: +7 (912) 617-92-76, e-mail: [email protected], address: Sredlovskaya oblast, Ibrit.
In some regions you can also find curly chickens in small farms and private farmsteads.
There are quite a few decorative breeds of chickens, here are just a few that, due to the unusualness of their plumage, may well compete with curly ones:
Their plumage like thin wool very quickly gets wet and poorly protects from cold and dirt, which is why the breed requires dry bedding in the hen house and grazing on the grass. This breed is more capricious in its content, although it is well acclimatized in Russian conditions.
Araucana - one of the most unusual breeds of chickens. These birds do not have a tail, because of which they have a recognizable silhouette and attract the attention of each guest at a glance at the compound.
Another feature - bluish (different shades, from turquoise to greenish) eggs. In the content of unpretentious, the only significant drawback - problems in mating due to the lack of a tail, the chickens have to do a kind of intimate hairstyle to increase the chance of fertilization of eggs.
Due to the curly feathering, the problems in keeping are the same as for curly chickens. But Polish curly ones are smaller per kilogram and carry far fewer eggs, so it's hard to call an attractive working breed.
Among the decorative breeds curly - one of those that can be easily recommended even for a beginning poultry breeder.
Eternally ruffled chickens will decorate any compound, do not require special care, are well acclimatized in central Russia and are suitable for producing interesting breeds with breeds with ordinary plumage, while showing a fairly high productivity.