- Kalistegiya Terry: planting, care and cultivation
- How to grow climate
- Proper fit and care of the year
Kalistegia (calystegia) - a perennial herb, belongs to the family Vyunkovyh. It has other names: povy, birch and bindweed. A fluffy and delicate bud of the plant helped him deserve another name - the French rose. This liana is decorated with arches, pergolas and rotundas.
On the garden plots there is not only terry calistegia, but also intake, multiplex and ivy. With proper care after a few months from the planted rhizomes grow lush bindweed with terry flowers. But it is not easy to buy sprouts of kalitagy in a flower shop, therefore gardeners often have to grow this vine from seeds.
To Kalistegiya caught on the site and pleased with lush blooms, you need to choose the right landing site. It is better for her to find an open area where there will be no other plants. Otherwise, it will quickly replace them. Another requirement is lighting. Kalistegiya grows better if it is in the sun in the morning, and in the shade in the second. Soil for creepers should be nutritious and easy so that it does not stagnate grass.
To prevent plant roots from interfering with other cultures, slate is instilled into the ground before planting kalelegia (to a depth of no more than 50 cm). Also, you need to prepare in advance the supports for creepers from poles, wire, etc. Rhizomes are planted at a distance of 10 to 30 cm from each other. Before planting in the wells put ash or humus.
Care and cultivation
In the first year, the plant needs regular and abundant watering, but care must be taken to ensure that the soil is not marshy. By the middle of summer the liana reaches 1.5 meters, the first buds begin to be tied. At this time, the convolvulus requires additional feeding: it must be watered with organic fertilizers once a week.
If the summer is cold, fungicides will be needed. At this time, the vine can suffer from pests - snails that damage leaves and buds. They can be fought with the help of chemical and biological methods (insecticides and lime). Powdery mildew and rot can kill this plant. To get rid of them, you need to change the mode of irrigation, remove all rotten places and treat the vine with a fungicide.
The entire period of growth and flowering calytegia need to carefully care, including constantly remove dried flowers. Liana is afraid of frost, so after the first frost in the fall its upper parts can be immediately removed. So that the plant does not freeze in the first winter, it is covered, in the following years it is not necessary to do this. Kalistegiya wakes up in late spring, usually in the middle or end of May.
Kalistegiya reproduction occurs root processes, that is, vegetative way. To do this, cut a small sprout, plant it in a suitable soil, and cover it with a plastic bottle on top. It is possible to be engaged in cultivation of a liana at any time from late spring and to the first frosts.
Simple rules for growing calistegia
Kalistegii are good because they are undemanding to the soil. Best of all, they grow in lighted and moderately moist places. The most convenient way of reproduction is vegetative (division of rhizomes).
Growing kalistegiya on your site should be remembered that it is necessary to limit the growth of its roots in breadth, and for this it is better to plant its containers, it is possible without a bottom, since the root system does not grow deep into it. Otherwise, Kalistegiya can turn into a malicious weed, the same as a field bindweed, or a birch tree, which is a relative of the same family of convolvates and which is so difficult to get rid of in our vegetable gardens.
The best landing time for calistegia is spring. It is necessary to plant 2 - 3 rhizomes in a container and dig it into the soil in a lit place. In advance, you should prepare a support around which the plant will twist. The most successful option is to stretch thick nylon ropes. Then each plant will twist around its kapron rope, not intertwining and not tangling with the neighboring shoots. The plant is quite long and for the season will be able to climb to a height of 4 meters.
Flowers are formed one in the bosom of each leaf. In a sunny place, flowering begins at the end of June, in a shady process of flower formation is delayed, and the corollas can dissolve only by the end of July. Each flower pleases with its beauty for several days, and in cool weather it does not fade longer than in sunny. The flowering season for kalistegii ends with the arrival of the first frost.
Unpretentious plant requires minimal effort for growing. In the spring, a mineral supplement should be added to stimulate rapid growth. During the formation of buds, you can pour a little solution of manure and repeat this procedure already during flowering. Watering should be carried out as the soil dries in containers. Since the soil with the roots is in the space bounded by the walls of the tank, drying takes longer, so watering too often is not necessary.
By winter, summer shoots die off, and in the spring new stems grow from buds in rootstocks. Warming and protection for the winter for this plant is not required.
Snails and slugs, which can damage the appearance of the plant, can become pests for calistegy. Landing on a lighted and not too humid place eliminate this problem. Mealy dew - a companion of cold and wet days can also develop on the plant. For prophylactic purposes, you can use spraying drug "Topaz". Once every 2 - 3 years, be sure to plant the plant (you can do it annually), since the roots in the containers become cramped and the plant weakens and blooms worse.
Kalistegiya fluffy (hmmlevaya), terry flore pleno
For ornamental purposes, the most commonly grown varieties are Kalistegiya hop, or another name - Kalystegia pubescent (Calystegia hederaceae, C. Pubescens). The corolla of the flower has a light pink color. Originally this species is from East Asia and has been cultivated in culture since 1844. Most often, gardeners plant terry forms - flore pleno hort (callegia flora pleno hort).
Kalistegiya is ideal for vertical gardening, decorating arches, benches, arbors. Compared to many other climbing plants, it has an advantage - it does not grow in dense thickets.
Choosing a landing site
Despite the fact that in our gardens the specified plant practically does not occur, this does not mean that it will be bad there. All that is needed is to choose a properly lit area with an optimal soil composition.
Kalistegia is a vine that prefers the most lighted places.that she simply needed for abundant and luxurious flowering.
Try to avoid the shady areas located near the houses or high fences, because it only postpones the beginning of flowering (about two weeks), and the flowers themselves will not be as bright as we would like.
Kalistegia takes root quite well in any type of soil, but most of all she likes light and nutritious soils. So, with sufficient content in the land of useful trace elements, the plant will be able to grow in it for about 10 years.
It is also important that the substrate is sufficiently loose, with free air circulation. For this, it is thoroughly digged with a shovel to a “single-pin” depth and only after that complex mineral fertilizers are applied per 2 tablespoons per 1 m², with the addition of several glasses of ash or dolomite flour.
All these components are diligently mixed in the planting pit, after which the planting is performed. The time when you need to plant calistegy is chosen on the basis of personal considerations, but it is worth remembering that the plant survives better during spring planting.
In a trench excavated and properly prepared (a depth of 20–25 cm is sufficient), pre-rooted districts of rhizomes are placed, placing them at a distance of 20 cm from each other.
Thus, it is possible to root or plant stalks, but in this case it is better to cover them with dry leaves, spruce leaves or covering material for the winter.
Seedlings placed in the ground should be well buried and a little tamped, watering abundantly on top of the water.
Reproduction by root shoots
Kalistegiya terry is subject to reproduction only by vegetative means. There are no problems with obtaining planting material, since in the process of growth the plant gives a lot of root processes. For reproduction, it is enough to carefully dig up the young process, trying not to break the stems, and plant it in a pre-selected and prepared place.
You, of course, can only separate a vertical sprout, but for rooting it will necessarily need to be treated with a growth stimulator and placed in a microboat. In the autumn time, the separation procedure is much simpler, since there are specific guidelines - the stems.
There are no additional recommendations for breeding kalistegii.
Of course, even such an unpretentious plant as calistegia, has its own characteristics in the care and cultivation. All of them relate to several main aspects: watering, feeding, pruning and creating support. However, special attention should be paid to preparing vines for wintering, which we will also discuss later.
Watering and feeding
To create spectacular and large flowers, the plant spends a lot of energy, so try to regularly feed the vine, thereby helping it in such a difficult task. The role of such fertilizers is perfect organic and mineral compounds, which should be alternated with each other. As for irrigation, it is not necessary to flood calistegy too much, because it is often enough for the usual amount of natural precipitation.
Although this curing applies only to adult plants, while young shoots need a sufficient amount of moisture, but without waterlogging.
An important component of the care of the described plant is the timely creation of a support consisting of pillars and wire stretched between them.
Around the middle of June, the plant reaches a height of 1.5 m, after which its budding begins. If summer is not happy with its warmth, the grown up liana should be treated immediately with some fungicide that will help avoid the appearance of powdery mildew. By the way, it is much easier to perform the processing of bound calistegy. In addition, at the height of the buds will be less prone to attacks of slugs and snails.
Instead of a wire, you can use ordinary ropes or arrange supports for the stems from a large-mesh net.
Approximately once every 7–10 days, it is necessary to rid the calistegy from dried flowers on the branches. During the flowering period, it looks just charming, but the old buds can significantly spoil the overall look. Also, with the arrival of spring, weak young shoots are to be removed.
The ground part of the Siberian rose dies in autumn, which means it is more expedient to move on to pruning it after autumn frosts, when the plant already loses any decorative effect.
Most often, Kalistegiya Terry calmly transfers the winter and does not need shelter, but if severe frosts are expected in your region, then it is better to be safe and cover it with natural or special material. Serious freezing of such vines has not yet been noticed.
Despite the fact that there are many advantages of growing terry Kalistegia, it is impossible not to recall the difficulties that often lie in wait for gardeners.
So, you should always remember about the unbridled growth of the rhizome, because if you allow it to grow without permission, then the plant will quickly turn from a beautiful creeper into an ordinary weed, which, moreover, is very difficult to cope with. Therefore, it is better to immediately establish specific boundaries that can restrain the growth of rhizomes.
For example, you can put an old bucket without a bottom in the landing hole, or put slate, metal or other durable material around its perimeter. It is necessary to work a little once, and in the future you will not have problems with the Siberian beauty.
The second, no less relevant problem in growing calistegia terry is the invasion of snails and slugs, which eat not only flowers but also the leaves of the plant, and the poisonousness of the vines does not bother them at all. To get rid of pests, it is necessary to periodically treat plantings with chemical compounds (for example, 5% granular metaldehyde).
It is possible that in the process of growing vines you will need to transplant it from one place to another, but the first thing to consider before performing this task is the time of year. So, in no case can this plant be relocated to another site in the summer, because it is during this period that it is actively developed, and transplantation can easily destroy it. Spring transplantation, by contrast, can be very helpful.
However, given that the Siberian rose is able to successfully grow in one place for about 10 years, the main task of the gardener is to initially choose the right place for her future growth. It is desirable that no flowers grow next to it, because, being an aggressor plant, kalistegiya quietly crush them under itself, quickly winning back flower beds and front gardens.
This plant constantly stretches to the sun's rays, and no obstacles can stand in its way. Therefore, even if it grows apart, it is better to dig up all the young root processes next to it, because otherwise in the next year you will have many additional problems.
Use in landscape design
Like other lianas, calistegia terry is an excellent option for vertical landscaping of the site. It is often used to decorate mesh fences, pergolas, trellis and other small architectural forms.
Particularly beautiful are the arches, tightly entwined with the luxurious flowers of the said liana. Since it is able to grow up to 4 m, it is very convenient to make a two-meter arch out of it and plant the plants in two opposite streams.
Combining several of these arches, you will get a delightful opening, which will visually expand the area of the site.
As you can see, Kalistegiya cannot be called too demanding a plant, but its planting, as well as further care, will require some knowledge from you, for which the creeper will fully thank for its lush flowering (as shown in the photos).
Features landing calistegy multiplex
Many gardeners prefer to grow fluffy Kalistegiya, related to the variety multiplex. Its key characteristics are: plant perennial, climbingThe height can vary from 3 to 3.5 m, it is frost resistant.
In autumn, the aboveground part of the plant dies off, therefore it is better to cut in autumnleaving a small stump. Kalistegiya awakens in the middle lane only by the end of May, when night frosts finally come to an end.
That is what saves the flower from them. Then, under the condition of proper care, rapid development begins, by the middle of June the height of the plant may be about 1.5 meters, with a large number of buds growing.
The flowering of this type of Kalistegia lasts a very long time - from the end of June to the end of September. In the photo you can see how this flower looks like during flowering. The flowers are very large (about 9 cm in diameter), terry, have iridescent pink shade and cover the plant from bottom to top. The only negative - they have no smell.
If we talk about the planting of this kind of calistegy, then it unpretentious to the soil. It takes root almost everywhere - both in the sun and in partial shade, it is not too often affected by the negative effects of diseases and pests. Care is periodic loosening and feeding based on a solution of mullein and minerals.
Kalistegiya belongs to the category of convolvulaceae. Exists many types of kalistegiithat can grow in the temperate zone. In total there are about 25 of them. The most common types and varieties are the following:
- Calistegia multiplex.
- Daurskaya with lowered leaves and others.
The name comes from the Greek language and literally means such things as "cup and cover. The flower has large bracts that cover its cup. When planting, be aware that calistegy multiplies very simply:
- it forms white rhizomes,
- spring segments are transplanted when the first shoots appear,
- With such a planting in the first year the plants grow to 1.5 meters and bloom well.
Planting Pink Calistegia
Pink calistegy is often called American. Its homeland is North America, but it also grows in the wild in Europe and East Asia.
When landing need to provide support: plant the plant should be next to the house or shed, then pull the rope so that it stretches.
Planting plant is as follows:
- In a flower bed we dig in a plastic container without bottom.
- We pour in fertile soil and add half a glass of ash, mineral fertilizer and humus.
- Kalistegii plant in the middle.
В первый год после посадки вырастает порядка трёх высоких стеблей. Они должны обвить свою опору, которую тоже нужно предусмотреть.
Как вариант – это может быть водопроводная труба с небольшим диаметром. Затем появляются махровые розовые цветки, на второй год их будет больше. Если же погода будет преимущественно сырой и прохладной, то их количество может убавиться.
Крайне Not recommended plant kalistegiya in open ground. Its roots develop with great speed, therefore, if this process is not artificially controlled, they would fill the whole space, and then the plant became a potential aggressor of the site.
So that there is no need to transplant calistegia after a bad flowering after a while, it is better for him to immediately choose a container without a large bottom. For example, an old barrel that can not be dug in too deep.
If there are problems with flowering in the second or third year after planting, then you can transplant the calostegy. This is done as follows: dig a bucket out of the ground and shake out all the contents from it.
The state of the roots can be in poor condition and be direct culprit bad bloomI. So, the roots can not go deep into the search for food, and they became too crowded. Accordingly, the power was not enough for the full flowering of the plant.
Transplanting and planting calistegia is best in the spring. In the same bucket or barrel can be transplanted several more rhizomes, and soil update. In a new place and on a new support, as a rule, the plant blooms much better and abundantly.
So that the stems can curl separately, make a few thick nylon ropes and tie them to a support made of metal or wood. So, each stalk will have its own rope.
The higher the support, the the plant will rise higherwhich tends to rise to 4 meters. When flowering in the leaf bosom, there is only one double flower, but each leaf has them in the bosom. Each flower blooms only a few days, this is the only drawback of calistegia.
In the cold bloom will last longer than in heat. In a sunny place, flowering begins in late June, and in the shade - a month later. This period may continue until frost.
Care: feeding and disease prevention
American Calistegia does not need special care. In the spring, for better growth, it is necessary fertilize with minerals. Fertilizer of this type is best used on a regular basis once every 10 days.
Before the flowering period is better to feed the plant manure solutionand then again in his time. Watering the plant is carried out as needed. In a limited space of buckets and barrels, moisture and so remains relatively long, so frequent watering is also not needed.
The most dangerous pests for Kalistegia are slugs and snails that can spoil the look of the plant. They make holes on the leaves, and the buds eat. Therefore, it is better to plant in the sun. You can get rid of pests by spraying the plant with drugsCommander and Confidor».
As for diseases, kalistegiya exposed to rot and powdery mildew. The latter often appears on the leaves when the weather is cold and damp in summer. For the prevention of plant diseases treated with a fungicide, for example, "Fitosporin" or sprayed with a solution of "Topaz".
With regard to winter care, then the adult plant for the winter does not need to specifically cover. In the cold season, the shoots die off, and in early spring they grow back and begin to twist the vertical supports.
Kalistegiya is an excellent plant for vertical gardening of such objects as:
It is good because, unlike other climbers, it does not form impassable and dense thickets, but simply attracts attention.
Kalistegiya different types and varieties will a great addition flower and vegetable complex in a country garden or city park.