Solntsedar is a summer apple variety bred at the Sverdlovsk Horticulture Experimental Station through the sowing of Anis alyy vorobyevsky seeds from free pollination. The author of the variety is P.A. Dibrova. The variety is zoned in the Volga-Vyatka and Ural regions.
Trees of medium vigor, crown rather dense, wide-round in shape, spreading, slightly thickened, in old apple trees look a bit wilted. The main branches form a wide angle when moving away from the trunk, the bark on the trunk and the main branches of the brown color. Young branches are quite thin. On young apple trees, fruiting is concentrated on spears and short perennial rings, starting from three to four years old wood, with the age of fruit set on the wheels of two years of age.
The shoots are dark brown in color, of medium thickness, with strong pubescence and short internodes, their shape in cross section is round. The leaves are medium in size, oblong-oval or oblong-ovate in shape, with a slight glossy tint of a noticeably bluish tint, their tips are tapered, edges with rounded blade serrations. The lamina is rather thick, rounded at the base, significantly pubescent at the bottom. Segments and lobes may occur on individual leaves. The leaves are located to escape at an angle of 90 degrees or more. Stems are of medium length, thick, with very small stipules of awl-shaped form.
Flowering occurs in the second half of May. The flowers are quite large, saucer-shaped, white in color with a faint pinkish tinge, the stigmas of the pistils are at the same level with the anthers or slightly lower. The buds are pink in color. Solntsedar is a self-infertile variety, therefore cross-pollination is required. The best varieties of pollinators: White filling, Wine, Suislep.
Apple Fruits Solntsedar average or less than the average size, the weight of one apple usually ranges from 75 to 110 grams. The shape of apples may be regular flat-rounded or truncated broadly oval, on some fruits there is a slight ribbing (dull ribs). The peel of apples is dry, smooth, glossy tint and gray wax coating are noticeable on the surface. Subcutaneous points of light color, the size is quite large. The main color of the fruit is light cream, almost white, the covering color is very elegant and bright, expressed on a significant part of the apple's surface in the form of a thick pinkish-red painting, often turning into a continuous blur. The stem is rather short, of medium thickness. The funnel in depth and width is average, there is rust. A saucer of small size, with pearls (i.e. tubercles), semi-open cup. The under tube is almost bag-shaped. Seed chamber closed, axial cavity is not expressed.
The flesh is snow-white in color with small streaks of a reddish hue, coarse-grained structure, tender, juicy. The taste of apples is a good sweet-sour, with a slight tart flavor. By chemical composition in the fruits of apple Solntsedar contains: the amount of sugars (from 10.2 to 12.3%), dry soluble substances (from 12.8 to 15.7%), titrated acids (0.86%), ascorbic acid ( from 11.7 to 23.2 mg / 100 g), P-active substances (or catechins, from 176 to 267 mg / 100 g).
The period of removable ripeness of fruits falls on the first half of August. But It is worth noting that the variety is prone to rapid precipitation, so it is important to monitor the process of ripening the crop and timely harvest it. Under normal conditions, fresh apples are stored for a short time (no more than 10 days), in a refrigerator - no more than 1.5 - 2 months. In this regard, the fruits are intended for fresh consumption immediately after harvest, for conservation purposes, they are also well suited.
What kind is it?
The variety Solntsedar is widely known for its early ripening. Apple trees belong to summer varieties.
The harvest period falls on the beginning of August.. By this time, the fruits gain their optimum weight and fully ripen. Ripe fruit weight - 150 grams.
Mature fruits are showered, so the harvest should be done on time. Picked apples are well kept. When stored in a dark, cool place, the shelf life can be up to 2 months.
The variety Solntsedar belongs to the self-productive types of apples. Good pollinators for him are varieties: Wine, Suislep, White filling.
Description of the variety Solntsedar
The center of any garden is an apple tree. Its appearance is very important for a harmonious garden composition. Further in the article you will be able to see a photo of an apple tree of the variety Solntsedar and read a detailed description of the distinguishing features of this tree from others.
Low trees. Their crown is thick and rounded.
Branches directed to the sides at right angles.
Shoots - brown, not thick. The leaves are medium in size, oval-shaped, with a glossy shine. Sheet plate narrowed, serrated along the edges. The color of the leaves is green. The inflorescences are large, white.
Fruit medium size, round shape. Mature fruit weight 150 gramsHowever, there are ripe fruits with a weight of 100 grams.
The ribs are mild. The skin on apples is smooth, thin, slightly oily to the touch. The color of the apple is green, but a red blush appears throughout the fruit as it matures.
The saucer is small. Seeds - medium size, seed chamber closed. The flesh is white, sweet and sour to the taste. Apples are well suited for preservation.
The variety Solntsedar was obtained at the Sverdlovsk Experimental Gardening Station. For its removal, used varieties of seeds Anis scarlet. According to the project P.A. Dibrova seeds were collected after his free pollination. Later they were sown in the ground, as a result of which a new variety was obtained.
The variety was hardened in harsh terrain, which allowed it to work out a good frost resistance. However, apple trees are highly susceptible to fungal diseases, especially scab.
Natural distribution region
In nature, this variety is common on the territory of the Urals, but due to its frost resistance, it adapts well to a colder climate. Preferred for the variety Solntsedar is a continental climate. But the variety will feel most good in regions with warm summer and long autumn.
When adapting a variety to severe drought conditions, it needs to provide abundant watering.
Apple trees absorb nutrients in dissolved form through the root system. Therefore, it is very important to provide regular tree watering in dry conditions. it it is necessary so that the tree can accumulate the necessary volume of trace elements for the normal passage of the photosynthesis process.
When growing a variety in conditions of extreme cold, regular feeding should be carried out. Frozen soils, as a rule, are poor in nutrients.
With the age of the tree as it adapts, the number of feedings can be reduced to 1 per year.
Apples from trees of this variety are not large, rather medium or even slightly smaller than average size. The average weight of one fruit varies from 80 to 120 grams. The shape of the fruit can be truncated broadly, or properly flat-round, on individual apples may be the presence of irrelevant ribbing.
Peel fruit smooth to the touch, dry, the surface is slightly cast in the sun, can be covered with a bluish wax bloom. Quite large in size, subcutaneous points have a light shade. The color of the fruit is mainly light cream, almost milky, however, the surface color is present, giving the apple a pinkish-red hue. Small fruit stalks, thin.
This apple variety is quite sun-loving.therefore, it will be better if the landing site is exposed to sunlight for as long as possible during the day. However, if you live in a dry and very hot region, it is recommended to increase the frequency of watering the tree so that it does not dry out as a result of excessive solar activity.
Apple "Solntsedar", especially in the first years after its landing, extremely demanding on soilin which it grows. It would be best to plant it in chernozem, and if there is no such possibility, then at least in sandy loam. Extremely badly this tree takes root in clay soils and in soils, which contain a large number of different solid rocks.
Apple trees also do not tolerate excessive marshiness of the soil and accumulation of excessive amounts of groundwater, as this can lead to the development of fungal roots and further plant death. Therefore, it is not recommended to plant them in low-lying areas, as well as in places where groundwater occurs closer than 2 meters to the surface.
The best pollinators
In order to stimulate better fruiting, this variety of apple trees requires planting various apple pollinators. The main criterion for the correctness of planting pollinator is its location at a relatively short distance from the tree itself and the coincidence of the timing of flowering and fruiting. In this role, the following varieties will perform in the best way:
- "White filling",
- "Saffron Pepin",
The period of the beginning of fruiting for these trees comes rather late, 7 years after planting. Fruits reach a removable condition in the first half of August.. However, it is noted that this variety has a tendency to quickly fall off after ripening, so you need to carefully monitor the condition of apples, so as not to miss the moment when it is time to start harvesting. Old trees of this variety are characterized by irregular fruiting.
Period of flowering and ripening
The flowering period is in the second half of May. Blossoming apple tree "Solntsedar" flowers of fairly large size, white and pink hue, shaped like a saucer. The pistils of flowers are located approximately at the same level with the anthers or slightly lower. The flowers are collected in inflorescences paniculata or comb-shaped.
If the pollination of a variety has been successful, then from the end of May until the second half of August the ripening period continues. During this period, the tree requires a lot of different mineral substances and organic fertilizers, so the bulk of all dressings should fall on this time.
Transportability and storage
Fruits of the "Solntsedar" variety at room temperature are stored for only 10-12 days, so immediately after assembly they are recommended to be placed in a refrigerator. Thus, their shelf life can be increased to 1.5-2 months. To ensure the best preservation, it is also recommended to sort out all the apples struck and having defects, since rot from them may spread to other fruits.
These apples have a rather firm and elastic structure, so they can be transported in boxes, even tightly pressed against each other, without particular fear. Apples "Solntsedar" very well retain their shape, do not crack and do not give the juice in case of insignificant damage, so they can be considered one of the best varieties for long-distance transport.
Disease and Pest Resistance
Despite the many positive qualities, this apple tree, unfortunately, can not boast of significant resistance to the main diseases affecting these trees - scab, fruit rot, milky gloss and powdery mildew. These diseases can be prevented if in the spring, before the bud breaks, the tree is sprayed with copper sulfate solution.
Of the pests, the most dangerous for the apple "Solntsedar" are aphid, caterpillar and spider mite. The best methods of dealing with these pests are timely whitening of the tree trunk, as well as treatment with a solution of any insecticide, for example, Bordeaux liquid.
Apple "Solntsedar" boasts a truly titanic indicators of winter hardiness. She has no need to shelter for the winter, even if it is just a planted tree. Thanks to the work of domestic breeders she able to withstand temperatures down to -40 ° C. The only winter threat to it is rain, as a result of which a tree can damage its young branches, and you will be left without a crop.
Fruits are recommended to be used as soon as possible after harvest. They can be used both fresh and used for various preserves. Fruits make excellent pies, compotes and other dishes from apples. Bone fruit can be used as a seed for seedlings.
Advantages and disadvantages
Among the main advantages should be highlighted:
- High taste qualities of fruits and their attractive appearance.
- Good winter hardiness.
- Summer fruiting.
- High yields.
- Compactness and small size of the tree.
The disadvantages of this apple tree are:
- Low resistance to the development of fungal diseases.
- The inconsistent nature of fruiting in adulthood.
- Short period of storage of fruits.
- The need for pollinating trees to stimulate yields.
So, we hope that this article has helped you find answers to all the questions you have about the apple tree of the "Solntsedar" variety. Show care and patience in the care of this plant, and this will certainly lead in the future to stunning in terms of quantitative indicators and unusually tasty yields!