Strawberry Eliana, and more correctly, strawberry Eliana, conquered gardeners with its impeccable taste and beautiful shape of berries. It is more often positioned as a variety for private small farms, although in Europe it is cultivated on a large scale for sale. In this article we will talk about the description and planting strawberries Eliana.
Description of strawberry variety Eliana
Elianny large-fruited early strawberries were bred by Dutch breeders at the end of the 20th century.. The bush is powerful, strong. Flower stalks are located above the leaves. Ideal for cultivation in a continental climate.
According to gardeners, with a reliable shelter it can winter in Karelia, but freezes in the Urals and Kamchatka. In the suburbs with a quality shelter endures the winter well, but in particularly harsh years it can slowly restore the vegetative mass.
Up to two kilograms of berries that are stored in the fridge for a long time are collected from one bush per season.Strawberry Eliana close-up on the palm
By the end of spring, the berries ripen, and the fruiting period continues until early July. At one place the variety can be grown without a decrease in yield over the course of 8 years.
Characteristics of berries
The berries of this variety are large and fragrant., elongated conical shape with a small neck. Can reach weight up to 90 grams. The flesh is red, dense, juicy. Achenes yellow, protruding above the dense skin of the berries, so that it is not injured after harvest. Berry is easily separated from the sepals.
The taste is multifaceted, sugary with slightly sour and fruity aroma, smoothly turning into a pronounced strawberry.
Breeding history and region of growth
The correct name of the variety: Elianny (Eliana, Elianne).
Growing region: Netherlands, originator Elert Konings / Geobr. Vissers
Year of breeding: 1998Strawberry Eliana in the garden
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The variety has indisputable advantages:
- It has an early ripening,
- Friendly ripening berries,
- High yield,
- Winter hardy
- Resistant to powdery mildew.
Among the shortcomings can be noted:
- Not resistant to heat. In the southern regions and central Ukraine, as well as in central Russia, at high temperatures, the berry does not gain the optimal size, it can "zayumlivatsya."
- It hardly endures the harsh winters in northeastern Russia. Requires additional shelter.
- Sour taste can increase in rainy years.
In the spring from the bushes are removed all damaged and dried leaves.. In April, it is necessary to carry out the first top-dressing with nitrogen-containing fertilizer with the main elements. To prevent the development of fungal lesions, the soil around the bushes is treated with a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture or colloidal sulfur.
A week before the start of flowering, it is necessary to treat the plantings with the “Inta-Vir” preparation or with the “Trikhodermin” solution.Planting strawberry elinae
Watering from a watering can over the plant is possible only before the appearance of ovariesin this case leaves are washed from dust. As soon as the bush blooms, watering is done strictly under the root, preventing water from entering the flower and, subsequently, on the berry. By the time the berries are rolling, watering should be reduced.
Fertilizer infusion of mullein or grass green fertilizer held after watering throughout the growing season.
Strawberry beds must be regularly weeded out by weeding or the use of gericides and loosen the soil.
Eliana breeds with a mustache, but it should be remembered that in the absence of additional watering during the hot period, new sockets are formed scarcely, and most often by the end of summer.Strawberry saplings Eliana
Strawberry Eliana grows well on any type of soil, but the higher the soil fertility rate, the greater the yield. For planting seedlings light, loamy or sandy loamy soil with an acidity level of 5.0–6.5 pH will be ideal. The plot for planting is deeply dug up with the simultaneous introduction of organic matter at the rate of 5-6 kg per 1 m² and mineral fertilizers 30-35 g with an emphasis on potassium, calcium, phosphorus, manganese and iron. The beds are allowed to settle, after which they mark the rows of future plantings at a distance of 50-60 cm from each other, and between bushes at least 25 cm.
To lay the plantation for the future, it is better to use last year’s “mustache”. As practice shows, seedlings planted in April - May, take root much more efficiently than those planted in July. But waiting for the harvest in the same year is not worth it, you will only enjoy the taste of the berry next season.
Approximately 50% of the whiskers planted in the heat of July, but this seedling will definitely have time to take root and lay flower buds, and in exactly one year the hosts will be richly rewarded. Alternatively, the landing can be carried out in August - September. Depending on the weather conditions, the bushes will have time to plant flower buds, and the first modest harvest will be available next summer.
For planting select healthy bushes without spots and dark spots on the leaves. Also pay attention to the thickness of the horn, it must be at least 7 mm.
The bed can be immediately covered with a black film after planting to protect against weeds, making cuts on it for strawberry bushes.Watering strawberries eliana
Diseases and pests
Grade resistant to gray moldpowdery mildew and most viral diseases characteristic of strawberries.
Sometimes on the landings can be found ticks. They affect the foliage, the berries on such bushes will be small. After harvest, the bushes are treated with Karbofos.
"Karbofos" and "Aktara" also successfully cope with strawberry beetles, whiteflies and weevils.
Gardeners praised the value of the variety and note the good resistance to frost, the ability to maintain marketability during transportation. "Eliana" is suitable for cultivation in personal plots and as a field crop for agricultural farms. But the most important quality of this variety is its taste.
Gardeners, give an excellent assessment of the variety of strawberries Eliana. Like winter hardiness, keeping quality varieties. Reviews show that even without cooling, the fruit retains its taste, color, shape for five days.
Planting is little affected by pests, bears fruit in one place for a long time, almost eight years maintain good yields. Universal purpose makes this variety of strawberries in demand for industrial cultivation.
Advantages and disadvantages
This culture has a sufficient number of positive characteristics, but it also has certain disadvantages. The advantages include the following:
- self-pollination, which allows the plant not to be dependent on insects and makes it possible to grow in greenhouses or on balconies,
- frost resistance - with additional good shelter, it can winter in harsh climates, where the frost drops to -20 degrees, while it is not recommended to allow the culture to freeze, as it then restores vegetation for a long time,
- strawberries are immune to mold, rot and fungi,
- does not require frequent transplantation, can grow on one site and bear fruit well up to 10 years,
- the culture is undemanding to the quality of the soil.
The disadvantages include the fact that strawberries do not tolerate heat and with a small amount of water it loses its mass, and sometimes it can dry out completely. And also this culture does not like and high humidity, and with strong and abundant watering the berries become acidic.
How to plant?
Agrotechnics of this culture meets the general rules, so its planting does not require additional knowledge from the gardener. Seedlings for planting can be selected at any time, which will not affect its survival. Disembarkation and purchase of young saplings in the fall is considered an unfavorable period, since the culture has little time to get stronger before frost. Such bushes can not overwinter and divide. The best option for planting young seedlings is spring. If you choose the right bed and prepare the ground on it, the bushes will quickly take root and give a good harvest.
Some gardeners plant a crop in the middle of summer. In this case, it will not be possible to get a harvest from plants this season, but this planting period will give the opportunity to receive abundant crops next, as the bush will get quite strong and settle in a new place. When planting and selecting seedlings, it is necessary to pay attention to the condition, quality of seedlings and their appearance. It is necessary to look at the fact that there are no spots and dots on the stems and sheets. Their absence says that the plant is healthy and not affected by any pathologies. In some cases, seedlings can be sold with open roots.
In this case, you must ensure that their length does not exceed 9 cm.
To disinfect the seedlings before planting, you can put it together with pots in water, the temperature of which will be +50 degrees. Such procedures must be carried out 2 with an interval of half an hour. Strawberries should be in the liquid for about 20 minutes. This procedure will help get rid of the roots of insects that could remain in the ground, as well as on the processes themselves. To prevent the appearance of various pathologies and diseases, it is necessary to place the seedling in a solution of vitriol, water and salt before planting. To do this, taken on the part of the components and divorced. The bushes are dipped in the solution and immediately drawn out, after which they are recommended to be rinsed with clean water.
The site should be windless and well lit by the sun. And also on it there should not be bends and bends. It is recommended to choose areas on a hill, since moisture and cold will accumulate in the lowlands. It is necessary to abandon the placement of beds near large buildings and trees. It is also not recommended to plant strawberries in those areas where pepper, tomato or Jerusalem artichoke used to grow. It is necessary to abandon the landing next to other crops, which will not only take nutrients from the soil, but can also infect strawberries with diseases.
This variety is undemanding to the ground, but at the same time a large amount of nutrients in the soil has a positive effect on obtaining a bountiful harvest. It is also worth refraining from planting a culture on soils with weak acidity and sandstones. Before planting, it is necessary to loosen the soil well on the site, as well as dig it up by 15 centimeters. You can make and fertilizer, the amount of which will depend on the area of the site. It is necessary to add 5–6 kg per 1 square meter on average. If necessary, you can treat the area Bordeaux liquid in low concentration, which will help prevent the defeat of strawberries fungus.
Dug hole must be filled with water and wait until it is absorbed into the ground. The distance between the pits should be on average 50 centimeters. A favorable moment for disembarking is considered to be an overcast day when there is no sun in the sky, which will help the plant to harden well in the ground and not to wither. The soil in the garden should be wet. It is not recommended to seedlings deeply deepen into the hole, as this can provoke root rot and shrinkage of the plants. To prevent the soil from drying out quickly, it is recommended to cover it with a layer of mulch.
How to care?
After landing in the first few days the bushes need to be watered with a small amount of water. On average, this should be about 5 liters per square meter. After 15 days, it is necessary to increase the amount of moisture applied at one time, but at the same time reduce the frequency of irrigation itself. Strawberry of this variety loves moisture and does not like a large amount of water in the soil. Therefore, it is necessary to adjust the frequency and volume of irrigation depending on weather conditions in the area of growth.
On average, watering is recommended up to three times a week. As well as care, it is assumed that when watering, water should not be allowed to fall on the fruits and flowers. After each watering, it is recommended to gnaw the ground so that moisture gets better to the roots. Water must be used warm. After watering, it is worthwhile to mulch the surface of the plot, which will help keep moisture in it longer and prevent weeds from growing. Straw or grass can be used as mulch.
Leaving also implies feeding. The amount of nutrient composition depends on the age of the culture. Young plants need additional fertilization at the time of formation of the green part during growth. Older plants need to make supplements when the berries ripen. Manure, bird droppings and other organic compounds can be used as fertilizer.
It is recommended to apply fertilizer in liquid form, which will help to get up to 20 kg of fruit per hundred. After harvesting the berries, it is also necessary to feed the bushes so that they replenish their stocks of useful components before hibernation.