Cultivation of vegetables is troublesome. All of them are subject to various diseases. For the protection of plants there are many chemicals. However, they can accumulate in plants and the soil, having an adverse effect on the human body. Poisonous components pollute the soil cover, reducing its fertility.
Environmentally friendly crop protection products
An alternative to chemicals is biological fungicides, which are pure cultures that are harmless to the environment, plants, domestic animals, and insects (pollinators, entomophages). Preference is given to universal biologics, which are used not only for the treatment of diseases, but also for restoring the soil and as a prophylactic agent. Among these are biological fungicide, produced by ZAO Agrobiotechnology (Russia), Gliokladin. Reviews of gardeners and gardeners show its effectiveness. The drug, an analogue of which is "Trichodermin", produced in various forms. Packages of tablets, dry powder or suspension concentrate are on sale.
Biological fungicide is widely used in horticulture, horticulture and floriculture. Its purpose is to fight against fungal diseases that are present in the soil cover and infect plants. The main composition of the drug is the spores of the fungi Trichoderma harziannum VIZR-18 and the complex of metabolites. Under favorable conditions, this saprophyte grows and multiplies rapidly, stopping the growth of disease-causing fungi that are the source of diseases. It is active in the upper soil layer, the thickness of which does not exceed ten centimeters. For the development of mycelium should create favorable conditions. Soil cover should be wet. It must be mulched. High temperatures and drying of the soil lead to the death of Trichoderma.
The antagonist of many soil fungi that cause diseases of vegetable, garden and flower crops is the biological fungicide "Glyocladin". Reviews of vegetable growers, gardeners and gardeners who used this drug, suggests that it is able to overcome such diseases:
- root rot - pitios, rhizoctoniosis, fusarium,
- diseases affecting the leaves and stems - gray rot, askokhitoz, alternarioz, anthracnose.
The list of recommended for use of the drug combines many plants. Vegetable crops: cucumber - protected and open ground, tomato - protected and open ground, potatoes.
Garden plants: apple trees, ornamental trees and shrubs, black currant and gooseberry bushes, grapes and strawberries.
Also, a biological fungicide is successfully used in floriculture for the protection of indoor plants. Therapeutic and prophylactic effect has the drug "Glyocladin".
The use of the drug in each case is strictly dosed. The shelf life of any form (without breaking the packaging) is six months from the date of manufacture. Provide a special place, which will be inaccessible to animals and children. In this case, the allowable temperature can be minus thirty-plus twenty-five degrees Celsius.
Dry powder is used to prepare the solution. Consumption is: fifty grams of the drug per hectare. The finished solution should be used within two hours. The processed soil is plowed to a depth of at least thirty centimeters.
Tablets are used for prophylactic and therapeutic purposes at the rate of one piece per plant (or three hundred or eight hundred milliliters of soil). They do not need to be dissolved in water.
"Glyocladin" refers to the fourth class of danger - it is a low-hazard drug. However, when working with him follow the following rules:
- do not smoke or eat
- you must wear gloves
- do not use cooking utensils
- joint storage with food, animal feed, drugs,
- storage in places inaccessible to children and animals is allowed.
When growing seedlings use "Glyocladin". Instructions for use of the drug in this case provides for a certain flow rate and the period of the biological fungicide. Before sowing seeds in each pot or seedling container, a volume of three hundred or eight hundred milliliters, you will need one tablet. Glyocladin will be an effective protection against late blight, rhizoctoniosis, pythiasis, vertillosis, fusarium and root rot. Instructions for use of the drug contains a list of cultures for which the treatment with this drug is possible. The tablet form of a biological fungicide is effective when picking or planting ornamental, flower and vegetable crops in open ground. In this case, one well is placed in the wells for each plant. Under favorable conditions, the mycelium develops intensively during the week. The plant protection period is from eight to twelve weeks.
To restore the soil cover, with the accumulation of chemicals in it, an aqueous solution of dry powder is used at the rate of fifty grams per hectare of area.
The use of a biological fungicide in the cultivation of cucumbers
Vegetable crops are subject to diseases. Gardeners, when growing cucumbers in open and closed ground, are faced with the fact that a well-developed, fruit-bearing plant suddenly fades and dies. This disease is very common. It especially affects cucumbers when grown in greenhouse conditions. The cause of this problem is root rot. For the prevention and protection of this disease is used "Glyocladin".
- for cucumbers biological fungicide is an indispensable tool available and convenient to use,
- copes with root rot and wilting plants,
- a positive effect gives a complex use with drugs "Alirin-B", "Gamar", "Planriz".
When growing this vegetable culture is recommended the use of the drug in the form of tablets. Under each bush, for the prevention of disease and treatment, put one or two pieces. When the first signs of infection appear at the root at a depth of one two centimeters, two tablets are placed. It should not be forgotten that the soil should be wet. And mulching is necessary around the plant. Using other biological products, it is necessary to maintain the interval between treatments, which is at least a week. For other vegetable crops, Glyocladin will also be useful.
Biological Fungicide Reviews
According to gardeners and gardeners, the use of various drugs is necessary. Soil, seeds, used equipment can be infected with all sorts of infections. Which plant protection method to prefer? In the list of drugs that are universal and available, it means "Glyocladin". Reviews - confirmation. According to gardeners and farmers, this biological fungicide should be used when growing planting material of vegetable and flower crops. The future harvest depends on its quality. And this drug is an excellent tool for this. Moreover, its use is available in any form. Absolutely harmless and non-toxic "Glyocladin". Instructions, reviews will help to apply it correctly for a particular culture.
After analyzing the characteristics of the drug, you can formulate the basic properties and characteristics of "Gliocladin". It is highly effective and non-toxic, designed to restore microflora in the soil cover and in vegetable, garden and flower crops. With repeated use does not occur addiction to pathogens. The drug has high environmental qualities. It restores soil cover after applying chemicals.
Detailed description of the biological product
"Glyocladin" is a microbiological drug aimed at suppressing the development of bacterial and fungal diseases on plants. Belongs to the class of biological pesticides and bacterial fungicides. It can be applied to seedlings of berry bushes, fruit trees, vegetables, garden and house flowers.
The main active component of the product is the Trichoderma harzianum VIZR-18 mushroom culture. Depending on the conditions of humidity and temperature, it has an active effect for 3–7 days. After that, the protective effect of the agent is maintained for up to one and a half months if the plants have been treated once.
Made "Gliokladin" Moscow CJSC "Agrobiotechnology". Available in pill form. They can be packed in a blister and folded in two pieces in a cardboard box. Also sold in a jar of 100 pcs. It is also sold in the form of a powder, from which a suspension is prepared for irrigation.
The mode of action of the fungi is that they penetrate the sclerotia of the pathogenic fungus, and then gradually dissolve its cells from the inside. In other cases, the fungus of the family Trichoderma harzianum encloses a colony of a pathogenic fungus with its hyphae and prevents it from developing further, gradually suppressing it. In this case, trichoderma is not included in the symbiotic relationship with the roots of the plant. It is in the ground as long as it contains carbohydrates.
Glyocladin has many uses. In addition to treatment, it is used to disinfect the soil when planting seedlings at a permanent place or when picking them. The main advantages of the substance are as follows:
- restoration of normal microflora of the soil,
- actively stops the growth of pathogenic fungi,
- economical to use
- does not stay in plants, when used, you can get a clean crop,
- safe for people, insects, animals.
The remedy has the greatest effect on constantly moist open soils, as well as for indoor plants, the soil of which cannot be overdried (azaleas, myrtle). Experienced gardeners and gardeners use two forms of funds: tablets for indoor plants and seedlings, and suspension for large areas on the site. Then the soil does not turn sour, does not give off an unpleasant smell.
For outdoor plantsIn order to use “Glyocladin” for open ground, the instruction recommends using one tablet of the drug per plant or per 300 ml of water when planting vegetables. If the product is used for a shrub or a sapling, depending on its size, 3-4 tablets per one plant are given.
Due to the insolubility in water, it is believed that the remedy is best used for small garden plants: seedlings, strawberries. On large plants, its action is ineffective in case of illness. For them, it can only be used as a preventive measure.
To prepare the solution from the powder take about 50 g of the product per 0.5 l of water, which will be enough to process a hectare of area. The suspension is poured into a watering tank and used for two hours, until it has lost its properties. After this, the soil is plowed to a depth of 25 cm.
Compatibility with other drugs
It is categorically impossible to use the drug with chemical fungicides and pesticides, since the latter inhibit the development of trichoderma and can even destroy it. After laying the pills from their use must refrain for at least two weeks. You also can not use "Gliokladin" with other drugs, except those that contain other strains of this fungus. They can be used only five days after the application of Glyocladin. At the same time, it is possible to use “Planriz”, which has a bactericidal effect, inhibiting the development of bacterial rot.
Terms and conditions of storage
Keep the tool should also be away from food, drugs, animal feed. It should be a dry room with a temperature not lower than –30 ° С and not higher than +30 ° С. The optimum storage temperature is + 5–15 ° С. Without violation of the packaging, the drug has an effect of up to two years
Glyocladin is an effective antifungal agent of biological action. It fights well with a number of fungal diseases, while it is completely non-toxic to plants.
This microbiological product (biological pesticide, as characterized by its specialists) eliminates all types of plants that people grow from fungal and bacterial problems:
The drug Glyocladin is effective against many fungal plant diseases.
flowers (on the garden plot and indoor),
His secret is that it finds and destroys the sources of infection not in the stems and leaves, but in the soil where actually begins the infection of our green pets. At the same time, Glyokladin not only treats, but also prevents diseases, and also restores the soil after harmful bacteria and fungi have been managed in it.
The zone of activity "Gliocladin" - the upper, 10-centimeter layer of soil. Since pathogens do not get used to this drug, it can be used as many times as necessary.
Release form and composition
The active ingredient of "Gliocladin" is Trichoderma harzianum VIZR-18 - mushroom culture. The drug is a dried fungal hyphae - microscopic filaments from which the mycelium (mycelium) is formed. Trichoderma and gliocladium (the fungus that gave the name of the drug) are considered by many experts to be analogues. The drug called "Trichodermin", with the same active ingredient as that of "Gliocladin", is its predecessor.
In the trading network, this domestic fungicide is presented in the form of tablets. Packaging - 100 pieces in a jar or 50 pieces in two cardboard blisters. Glyocladin can also be purchased as a powder or suspension concentrate.
Attention. Suspension is usually used for processing large areas, tablets - for indoor crops and seedlings.
Mechanism of action
Once in the soil, "Gliokladin" he chooses a plan of action. This may be penetration into the sclerotia of a harmful fungus (the so-called fungus in the resting stage), which prevents dangerous bacteria from “waking up” and germinating - they dissolve under the action of the drug.
Glyocladin does not have an instant effect.
The second way to destroy the enemy is that Trichoderma harzianum with its finest hyphae entangles a colony of pathogenic fungi and does not allow it to develop, completely suppressing its activity.
At the same time, trichodermas do not form a symbiosis with the root system of plants, but they will remain in the soil for as long as they can find easily accessible carbohydrates necessary for their vital activity.
Flower growers need to keep in mind that curative mycelium becomes ready to fight with enemies in 5-7 days after it gets into the soiltherefore it is impossible to wait for an instant positive result. If the drug is applied too late, when the disease has entered an advanced stage, unfortunately, it is not possible to save the cultivated plants.
Attention. The mechanism of "Gliocladin" starts up at a temperature not lower than 20 and not higher than 25 degrees Celsius.
Reviews of flower growers and gardeners about the preparation
Gardeners point out that using Glyocladin helps to get healthy and strong seedlings.
Yuliya. I use "Gliokladin" when growing seedlings of vegetables and flowers. Only one tablet is put in a seed pot - and no problems. Planting material is strong, healthy, quickly mastered in the open field. I was told that after a couple of months the plants should be given additional protection, but not in the form of tablets, but with the help of a solution prepared from powder. Be sure to use this advice.
Marina. I have a real greenhouse at home. I love flowers. I am glad that such an effective and convenient drug as Glyocladin has appeared. All my ferns, begonias, violets, cyclamens, amaryllis grew by this means. I throw a pill into the pot, even if I grow a flower from a seed, a plant appears, which is not afraid of either a black leg or any other attack.
In the video, the gardener tells how to properly use the drug Glyocladin for garden crops.
"Gliocladin" is a biological product that normalizes the microflora of the soil. It is used both for the treatment and for the prevention of plant diseases. В огородничестве его используют в разных направлениях, таких как посев семенного материала, осуществление пикировки и пересадка рассады. Биопрепаратом обрабатывают почву для профилактики фитофторы на помидорах. Положительные результаты после его применения видны и на комнатных цветах. Эффект этого средства достигается благодаря грибку Trichoderma harzianum ВИЗР-18. Он подавляет жизнедеятельность патогенных бактерий, тем самым препятствуя развитию заболеваний, провоцируемых этими микроорганизмами.
Blocking pathogenic microflora occurs due to the metabolites contained in biological fertilizer. The interaction occurs as soon as the agent enters the soil. The useful fungus instantly attacks pathogenic bacteria and significantly slows down their development. The negative impact of the drug is directed directly to pathogens, while it does not cause the slightest harm to vegetable crops. Judging by the instructions for use and reviews, "Gliokladin" - a biological agent, characterized by an incredibly fast action and harmless to humans.
Glyocladin - application
Glyocladin is used for the prevention and treatment of pathogens of fungal diseases in garden and houseplants. It is most effective against root rot of plants:
- late blight
Glyocladin is used to prepare the soil before sowing and planting seedlings, transplanting plants. It is not used for spraying plants. Mushrooms of the type Trichoderma harzianum are active only in the upper layers of the soil, where aerobic conditions are no deeper than 8 cm, with a soil moisture of 60-80%, the rapid development of hyphae occurs in the temperature range of 20-25 ° С, soil acidity pH is from 4.5 to 6 When the pH is above 7, the growth of fungal mycelium is strongly inhibited.
Important: tablets with Trichoderma mushroom do not dissolve in water!
- 1 tablet of glyocladin calculated on the volume of soil in 300 ml
- 3 pills should be put on the pot with a diameter of 15-17 cm, gently stick directly into the root of the plant at the top of the pot
- on a pot with a diameter of 20 cm - 4 tablets, it is necessary to distribute the tablets at a distance from each other from different sides of the root system
- 3-4 tablets depending on the size of the bush, as close as possible to the root system
- when sowing seeds and picking flower plants and vegetables (tomatoes, cucumbers) to prevent root rot, embed 1 tablet to a depth of at least 1 cm
Glyocladin - reviews
This instruction to biofungicide is not based on the data of the manufacturer, but solely on the scientific and personal experience of florist iplants.ru.
Scientists continue to research strains of fungi and bacteria useful for plants. For example, S. Nikolaeva, A. Nikolaev, V. Shubina - scientists of the Institute of Genetics, Physiology and Plant Protection of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova found on a number of experiments that mushrooms of the Trichoderma genus of different species show different ways of suppressing root rot: in their in vitro experiments ( in vitro), Trichoderma harzianum mushrooms showed antagonistic properties more than Trichoderma lignorum. The spores of phytopathogens of certain species were sown from one end of the nutrient medium in the Petri dish, on the other hand, Trichoderma spores were sown.
After 7 days, it was possible to observe the result of the interaction of antagonists. The strains of Trichoderma harzianum exhibited their protective properties to the greatest extent - they not only held back the growth of the phytopathogen, but also populated its strains by blocking and neutralizing. And Trichoderma lignorum "crushed" only pathogens phytophthora Phytophthora infestans. In some cups, both types of trichoderma restricted the growth of the pathogen, and they pressed the harmful colonies, preventing them from growing (Alternaria Alternaria alternata), but could not be suppressed or neutralized in 7 days.
Best of all, Trichoderma harzianum showed phytophthora (Phytophthora infestans), which was found in the skin, rhizoctoniosis (black scab of tubers - Rhizoctonia solani), selectively to the pathogen of fusarios, which suppressed tomato fusariasis (Fusarium oxysporum), which was not enough, it was not enough, and you are looking, you are looking, you are looking, you are looking, you are in an red skin, and you are looking for an eye, Fusarrhiasis (Fusarium tuber). ) for the allotted 7 days. Scientists attribute this to the fact that the pathogen of beet fusarium produced anti-fungicidal substances that inhibit the growth of Trichoderma fungi.
Of course, one of the experiments does not make the picture of the interaction of fungi reliable, but this article is not a course paper on microbiology. If you rely on this experience *, then all biofungicides offered on the market can behave somewhat unpredictably in field conditions. For example, it is logical to assume that the drug Glyocladin (contains the strain Trichoderma harzianum) should be more effective than the drug Trihofit (contains the strain Trichoderma lignorum). However, different strains of fungi of the same species show different results of suppression of root rot pathogens, therefore Trichodermin, based on several strains of Trichoderma lignorum, is not inferior to glyocladin in effectiveness.
According to flower growers reviews, in advanced cases of the disease, for example, when plants already have signs of blackleg, biofungicides are powerless. They will not help if plants are seriously stressed during the use of Glyocladin tablets (or solution). For example, when planting tomato seedlings, hypothermia can cause white rot, no matter how many tablets you put in the hole. Remember that the development of a mycelium capable of resisting the enemies of vegetables, flowers and berries should take at least 5-7 days, while the causative agents of diseases are already developing in the soil. Those. if the Gliocladin pills did not help you, they may be just late, but in essence they are not useless.
It would be a mistake to put 1 tablet on a pot or pit when planting, and even to a great depth. It is completely useless: 1 tablet is for 1 seed in a mayonnaise cup. It is best to place the tablets in the top 5-7 cm of soil, as close as possible to the roots. And remember that the temperature is below 20 ° C and above 25 ° C, the alkalinity of the soil and even neutrality, as well as the drying of the soil - retard the growth of Tridoderm.
Gliocladin tablets do not dissolve in water, they are effective and justified only when planting, transplanting small plants, for example, when breeding strawberries, or planting seedlings, but are useless for large plants. If you have large bushes that are diseased, we advise you to consider treatment with other drugs, preferably in a liquid form, so that you can shed the soil qualitatively (Fitosporin, Trichophyt, etc.)
Since trichoderma requires the presence of free water, the use of preparations based on it is advisable on constantly wet soils, and it may be useful for those indoor plants that should grow in a moderately humid environment without overdrying, but there is always a risk of bay (azaleas, myrtle).
The drug is incompatible with other pesticides, except for analogues containing other strains of Trichoderma (Trichodermin, Trichophyt, etc.). It is acceptable to use both glyocladin and planriz, which contains Pseudomonas fluorescens, strain AP-33, since Planriz has a more bactericidal effect and inhibits bacterial rot.
Glyocladins are not diluted in water or tank mixes. It is unacceptable to water the soil with chemical pesticides, after laying the tablets for 2 weeks. For example, basezol suppresses trichoderma up to complete destruction.
In case of accidental ingestion of the tablet, possible reactions: nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, allergies (urticaria), anaphylactic shock, neurotoxic reactions (depending on the number of tablets). Required gastric lavage and medical consultation.
Store the drug in a dry place, optimally from +5 to + 15 ° С, only in a dry place, separately from food and drugs, in places inaccessible to children and pets. Shelf life 2 years.
* Studia Universitatis Moldaviae, 2014, nr.6 (76) “Comparative action of two trichoderma species against phytopathogens of agricultural crops under in vitro conditions”
The fight against diseases is not the only benefit of the drug. An important role he plays in the diet of vegetable crops. Penetrating into the root layers of the soil, the spores of the biological fungus are introduced into the root processes, germinate and form mycelium on it. Such a compacted plexus, which serves as a natural pump, is called mycorrhiza. New education significantly enhances the nutrition of plants. It contributes to the dissolution of compounds that are in the soil, in the form that is able to absorb the root system of plants. Thus, vegetable crops receive an additional amount of mineral salts, potassium and phosphorus. Mycorrhiza supplies plants with enzymes, biostimulants and other necessary substances, including moisture.
Under favorable conditions, the mycelium develops within a week, and the effect lasts up to 30 days.
Prevention of cucumber diseases
No need to wait for the time when the plant will show signs of disease. Natural means it is better to start to use in order to prevent, to prevent the reproduction of pathogenic microbes.
To protect the cucumbers from black rot used tablets "Glyocladin". Their number can vary from 1 to 3 pcs. depending on the size of the bush. Lay the tool from different sides and injected into the soil for 1 cm. It is important to know that in the deep soil layer the drug will not work.
Fungal diseases of tomatoes are quite common. You can often observe how the fruits of this sought-after culture are affected by gray rot. This may be due to increased humidity or excess nitrogen fertilizer. This disease manifests itself in the form of a grayish fluffy plaque on the fruit. Leaf spot and affected stems also signal danger. Fungal infection is rapidly transmitted from one tomato bush to another. Solanaceae may also be exposed to other types of rot, such as brown, apical, white, and root (rhizoctoniosis).
It is important to carry out preventive measures against such diseases. During the growing season of plants need to carefully examine the bushes to identify the initial signs of rot. When they are found, you must immediately tear off the affected leaves.
To foci of infection (gray rot) did not show themselves again, the bushes with tomatoes need to be sprayed with a suspension of "Gliokladina." At the same time, it is necessary to pay special attention to the places where the leaves were torn off, and to fluff them well. Spraying is carried out in the daytime to allow the plants to dry properly.
Fusarium is the result of the vital activity of a widespread parasite. Although the infection is characterized by the spread of foci, it often leads to the mass death of cucumber bushes. The visible signs of the disease include: sporulation of a parasitic fungus on the leaves, softening of the stem at the base, rot of the root system, white or pink bloom. The leaves begin to wither, and the plant gradually dies.
Something similar can be observed on the bushes of tomatoes. Wilting leaves begins with signs of chlorotic. They acquire a greenish yellow color, curl and fall off over time. The root neck of the plant is covered with brown bloom.
The treatment of fusarium in cucumbers should begin with the precautionary treatment of seed. Disinfection is carried out with the method of steaming seeds.
3 days before sowing, Gliocladin tablets are added to the soil. When seedlings appear, they should be processed several times with the help of this biological preparation. Improving the microflora of the soil increases the resistance of crops to pathogens.
Diseased tomato bushes must be torn out, removed from the site or burned. It is useless to treat infected bushes, and there is a danger that the infection will spread to healthy bushes.
Soil disinfection will be the best protection against fungi. For this purpose, apply manganese, copper sulfate, dolomite flour or boric acid.
"Glyocladin" spray plants at an early stage of damage and to prevent disease. Processing tomatoes should be carried out after each rain. If the wet weather is also accompanied by increased air temperature, favorable conditions are created for the growth of pathogenic bacteria.
The biological product has a beneficial effect on the growth of tomatoes, but in order for the result to be positive, spraying should be carried out at a temperature of at least +15 o C.
A very effective way of the fungus - making the biological product "Glyocladin" in the soil before planting seedlings. Timely treatment of other diseases will help prevent the wilting of the tomato bushes.
Prevention of late blight
Spores of harmful microorganisms can live in the soil for a long time, so disinfection and disinfection of the site is an effective method against parasites. The most pressing question that worries many summer residents: "What is the way to cultivate the land from late blight?" This is a very persistent disease that is difficult to fight. Every gardener should take into account this fact and, regardless of whether he faced this problem or not, process his plot.
Most often appears phytophthora on tomatoes. To prevent this from happening, Glyocladin will provide a good service. For tillage, it is introduced into the ground after autumn digging. In the spring, as soon as the snow melts, the procedure must be repeated.
In contrast to the chemicals that are used for treating the soil in early spring, the use of a biological product is allowed at any time of the year. If after using the first vegetables it is possible to eat vegetables only in a month, then after processing the soil with “Glyocladin” - in the first days.
If the soil disinfection around the bushes with tomatoes is carried out in the summer, you should not forget about the importance of mulching. After making the product in a moist soil, you must immediately put a layer of mulch material.
In the practice of gardeners "Gliokladin" has established itself as a harmless and effective means. Some people add liquid soap to the spray solution so that the suspension adheres to the shrubs. In the reviews you can find information that the positive effect of the product was shown on home violets, roses, phloxes and when planting coniferous shrubs. The useful fungus had time to manifest its properties in the treatment of cucumbers and tomatoes, despite the fact that the tool is new. Many are satisfied with the affordable price of "Gliokladina", which is 80 rubles for 50 pcs., 130 rubles - 100 pcs. A case was noted when, due to an overdose of a biological product, the soil turned yellow and the plants withered. Such manifestations remind one more time how important it is to adhere to the correct application of the remedy.
The above information clearly shows that the instructions for use of "Gliocladin" and reviews of the drug are consistent. The drug, which is made on the basis of a living beneficial microorganism, is an excellent alternative to chemical means. In addition, the biological product belongs to the 4th class according to the degree of danger.
What is the drug used for?
Any plant needs the support of its forces and protection from all sorts of diseases and pests. The most common manifestations of ailments are fungal or bacterial diseases. Fungicides protect well against these problems.
Glyocladin is based on such a component as a soil fungus and belongs to soil biological fungicides. His actions are aimed at preventing the formation of root or root rot. Qualitatively fights rot, while it is completely safe and harmless to plants. Often used for disinfection when picking up seedlings or when they are planted in open ground. The main advantages of the drug, according to gardeners, are the following:
- safety for plants
- economical consumption
- restoration of soil microflora,
- the use of Glyocladin gives clean and healthy products,
- actively fights the growth of pathogenic fungi.
Glyocladin is used for the prevention and control of such problems as pitios, fusarium, rhizoctoniosis, late blight, alteriasis, verticellez.
Council For a better result of plant protection it is recommended to use the drug in conjunction with other prophylactic agents. Only choose the means to combine carefully. Glyocladin is not compatible with pesticides that do not contain trichoderma strains.
It is also worth noting that Glyokladin is not dangerous for humans and is environmentally friendly, as it is in the 4th class of danger. However, in case of contact with skin, it is recommended to wash the site of contact with a large amount of water in order to avoid allergic reactions or individual intolerance. According to the instructions allowed its use in close proximity to apiaries or ponds.
How to apply Glyocladin. Tips and instructions
Instructions for use of Gliocladin, as well as reviews of it are very important for first use. Before introducing the drug, you can study special training videos, which will provide information about the dosage, flow rate and allowable rates of use of the drug.
The use of Glyocladin is more than simple, there is no need to mix or dissolve anything. A pill means simply placed in the treated soil to a depth of one centimeter.
In addition to the tablet form, Glyocladin is produced in the form of a suspension. Metabolites that make up the drug, create a favorable microflora for plants and reliably protect against disease-causing bacteria.
Glyocladin is quite economical, consumption rates are:
Secrets of use
The experienced gardeners recommend using Glyocladinum not only at the stages of sowing, but also at the moments of planting or transplanting plants. After the introduction of the substance, the following processes are observed:
- The development of pathogenic bacteria is reduced to the maximum.
- Облагораживается микрофлора в почвенном составе, который предназначен для высадки растений.
- Происходит очищение земли от токсичных веществ, которые попадают в ее состав в результате обработки химическими препаратами.
Для улучшения роста овощных культур препарат применяется при определенных погодных условиях. Так. Например, для ускорения роста помидоров, температура воздуха при обработке должна составлять не менее +14 градусов. If this condition is not met, the result will be unsatisfactory.
Also experienced gardeners are advised to dispose of Gliocladin tablets in the soil in a chaotic manner. Thus, the beneficial effect that Glyocladins will have will be spread more efficiently and evenly.