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Penstemon: growing from seed

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The Latin name of the plant in Russian sounds like “almost stamen”. Due to the fact that the flower has one sterile stamen of a bizarre shape that protrudes far beyond the petals, and in England, Penstemon is called “bearded tongue” because of its peculiarity.

For our gardens, this culture is still rare. But due to its brightness and unusual appearance, it begins to grow in our climate zone. The plant blooms in early June and lasts for two to three months. Grow it easy, most importantly, follow the advice of experienced gardeners and then the plant will delight with its bright flowers every spring.

Penstemon varieties and types of photos with the name

Penstemon Perennial - is a grassy perennial perennial, having straight stems and lanceolate dark green leafy plates. The height of the culture reaches 1.2 meters. Flowers can be either tubular or bell-shaped. They are collected in the paniculate inflorescences, having white, red, lilac, pinkish and other colors. Plant blooms from early to late summer.

Penstemon Glasshead - culture reaches a height of 1 meter. The inflorescences are large, light pink color. The flowering time of the plant falls on the beginning of summer and lasts for a month. The variety is frost resistant and can tolerate winter without insulation.

Penstemon Bearded - this variety is distinguished by abundant and early flowering. The height of the bush reaches up to 90 centimeters. The inflorescences have an unusual color - inside they are white, and outside are scarlet. Flowering time begins in May and lasts until the end of July.

Penstemon Dark Towers - The plant is derived relatively recently. It is characterized by frost resistance and abundant flowering. Leafy plates of maroon shade, lanceolate shape. Pale pink flowers are collected in paniculate inflorescences. Culture reaches a height of 70 centimeters and blooms during the summer.

Penstemon Carillo Red - in height culture reaches 60 centimeters. The leaf plates are bright green lanceolate. Stems thin, lignified. Inflorescences paniculate purple hue. This variety blooms from July to October.

Portstemon Hartweg

Externally, the variety resembles snapdragon flower. In height, the plant reaches up to 70 centimeters. The inflorescences are large, collected in unusual brush. Shades of flowers can be white-scarlet, orange, red and purple. Flowering time lasts from mid-summer to the first frost.

Penstemon Davidson - low-growing herbaceous perennial, reaching a height of 30 centimeters. The leaf plates are medium, lanceolate, green. Inflorescences small lilac shade. Flowering plant from early summer to mid-autumn.

Penstemon Mystic - The plant reaches a height of 70 centimeters and has maroon leaves and stems. Inflorescences are white, racemes with a pleasant aroma. Culture blooms from June to late August.

Penstemon Bell-shaped - The plant stems reach heights of up to 90 centimeters. Flowers are small, resembling bells pinkish-lilac shade. The leaf plates are lanceolate and light green in color. Plant blooms from June to September.

Penstemon Hasker Red - In the height of the grassy perennial reaches 70 centimeters. The leaf plates are lanceolate, greenish-brown. Inflorescence whitish-pink, racemes. Flowering time lasts from May to October.

Penstemon Hybrid

It is a spectacular annual, reaching a height of up to 80 centimeters. The leaf plates are dark green, lanceolate with a sharp end. The flowers are small, bell-shaped blue and light purple hue. Culture blooms from June to September.

Penstemon stiff-haired - is undersized, bushy perennial, reaching a height of 30 centimeters. The leaves are dark green, lanceolate with a slight pubescence. The flowers are small, resembling a bell of purple hue. The flowering time of the plant falls in the summer.

Penstemon Sensation - The variety has a short stature and reaches a height of up to 45 centimeters. The leaves are dark green with a sharp end. Inflorescences are racemes, long, two-color white-blue or white-red shade. Culture blooms from July to September.

Penstemon Rubra - in height bushy perennial reaches up to 70 centimeters. The leaves are dark green, medium with a pointed end. Inflorescences are large, two-color white-red, white-pink and white-maroon. Culture blooms throughout the summer.

Penstemon Pygmy - short-growing variety, reaching a height of up to 20 centimeters. The bush has a lush, dark green foliage and hairy, lanceolate leaf plates. Inflorescence racemes pale lavender shade. Flowering time is from June to August.

Penstemon Cobo

The plant has large light green leafy plates with a sharp end and tall stems reaching 120 centimeters. The inflorescences are large, racemes. They have a white, white and pink, white and purple, white and red and white and purple hue.

Red Pennies - perennial culture reaches a height of up to 70 centimeters and has large leaf plates with a pointed end of a maroon shade. Inflorescences bell-shaped white, pink, purple and red hues. The flowering time of the plant falls in the summer.

Penstemon Alpine - A short-growing plant with long, narrow leaf plates of dark olive shade. Inflorescences are dense, resembling snapdragon, sky-blue rich color. Penstemon bloom time will fall in June and lasts until September.

Penstemon Dark Leaf - this grade of penstemon reaches a height of up to 60 centimeters and has dark maroon leaf plates with a narrow end. The inflorescences are of a racemose pinkish-white shade. The flowering time of the plant lasts all summer.

Penstemon Ice Cream - the culture reaches a height of up to 80 centimeters and has tall lignified stems. The leaves of the plant are green, with a sharp end. The flowers are large cream shades with a purple center and divorces. Plant blooms from June to September.

Penstemon Pineapple - in height culture reaches up to 30 centimeters. Stems lignified with dark green lanceolate foliage. Inflorescences are large, bright yellow, luxuriantly blooming. Penstemon bloom lasts from June to August.

Penstemon planting and care in the open field

Penstemon is a light-loving plant, for this reason, the site for its landing should be chosen well-lit, but it is necessary to avoid drafts. The soil for the culture you need to pick a light with good drainage.

The plant in the open ground can be planted as a seedling method, and seed. In order to grow seedlings, you should take a container with fertile soil and sow the seeds in it in February, slightly deepening them in the soil and moistening the soil with a spray gun. Top the seeds to sprinkle with roasted sand, then re-moisten, cover with film and put in a warm, sunny place for germination.

After two weeks, the first young plants will begin to appear. In order for the Penstemon to germinate more quickly, the temperature in the greenhouse should be kept at a temperature not lower than + 20 degrees, ventilated once a day and monitor the soil moisture.

When the first leaf plates appear, the youngsters need to be seated in peat pots. At the end of May, the plants should be transferred to the open ground, taking care of the soil and drainage in advance. It is also necessary to take into account the fact that the earlier the plants are planted in the garden, the later they will begin to bloom.

Torenii is also a representative of the family Nornichnikovye. Cultivated with care at home without much hassle, if you follow the rules of farming. All the necessary recommendations can be found in this article.

Penstemona watering

The flower needs regular watering, it is especially important if the summer is dry. However, care must be taken that the soil has time to dry between waterings.

So that the water does not stagnate and the root system can “breathe”, when disembarking the young stock, one should take care of good drainage in the form of a layer of coarse sand or fine claydite laid on the bottom of the planting pit.

To reduce the frequency of watering, the soil around the plants should be mulled with compost or dry peat. Also, after each watering the ground need to loosen and break through the weeds.

Penstemon Soil

The soil for the culture should be chosen with high acidity, nutritious, well drained and loose.

For this purpose, garden soil is mixed with compost, peat, sand or small gravel. In order to achieve the desired level of acidity, charcoal is added to the soil.

Penstemon transplant

So that the plant does not lose its decorative properties, it should be transplanted every five years. Usually transplantation is performed in the spring, by means of cluster division. For this purpose, they take an adult plant, carefully dig it up and divide it into pieces, trying not to damage the root system.

After that, the resulting delenki transferred to the new garden, not forgetting the creation of the drainage layer. When the plants are planted, the soil should be lightly pressed, watered and mulched. The adaptation time of the plant takes about a month.

Penstemon Fertilizer

The first podkorma as a compost is kneaded into the ground during the landing of the young. Organic fertilizer applied under the bushes three times a season.

Before the culture blooms, experienced gardeners recommend using a complex mineral supplement with a high phosphorus content. With it, you can enhance flowering and affect the decorative characteristics of flowers.

Penstemona bloom

The flowering time of the plant falls on June and can last until the end of summer, and until the first frosts. Everything will depend on the variety. Culture flowers may look like bells or snapdragons.

Mostly, the buds are gathered in dense large brushes of white, pink, blue, red, violet, orange, yellow shades, and there are also varieties with two-colored colors. After flowering seeds begin to form, which are used to propagate the culture.

Penstemon pruning

The plant needs cardinal pruning only in late autumn in preparation for winter.

During the growing season it is necessary to remove faded leaves, stems and inflorescences, as well as thinning overgrown shrubs.

Penstemon preparation for winter

Some varieties of penstemona are grown in our climatic zone as perennials due to their southern origin. In preparation for winter, perennials are cut off at the root and covered with a layer of dry foliage or spruce branches.

So that in spring snow melting does not cause soaking of the root system, the plant needs to ensure good drainage during planting and remove the snow mass every spring from the landing site when it begins to melt.

Penstemon growing from seed

The most common method of propagation of penstemon is the cultivation of plants by the seed method. Seeds can be purchased at the store or collected independently after they ripen.

If the penstemon is grown from seeds, they should be sown either in the fall or in the spring, when the threat of frost recedes. Sow the seeds immediately in open ground, sprinkled with a small layer of soil.

Some species need stratification, such as Alpine Penstemon. To do this, they can be sown under the winter period, in October-November, in open ground, but it is safer to sow in a container, barely sprinkled with sand or soil on top.

A container with sown seeds is first kept for about three weeks in a room at room temperature, the seeds in damp soil and heat up. Then cover the container with one layer of lutrasil and take out to the garden.

Lutrasil on the container must be secured in any convenient way, for example, around the pot it is tied with an elastic band, otherwise it will be blown away by the wind - this shelter is made so that weed seeds do not fall into the container with sunflower seeds.

The container is left in the garden for at least two months, where they undergo a natural stratification during the cold season. If there is snow on the ground, the removed container completely falls asleep with it - melted snow water has a beneficial effect on seed germination.

In the spring, a flatbed with crops is entered into a greenhouse or room for germination. The first shoots may appear within ten days. Part of the seeds bloom in the year of sowing.

Penstemon breeding cuttings

To get planting material, you should cut the shoots on which there are no flowers. Then they need to be treated with a root formation stimulator and placed in a moist earth on a shady area of ​​the bed, covered with half of a plastic bottle.

After the roots are formed, the cuttings can be planted at a permanent place of growth.

Penstemon reproduction by layering

Rooting and undersized varieties are suitable for rooting. For this purpose, you should bend to the ground extreme runaway and sprinkle it with soil.

After a month, roots will appear on the cuttings and then it will need to be separated, dug out of the ground and transplanted into the prepared hole.

Penstemon reproduction by dividing the bush

This breeding method is used during transplantation. To get planting material, an adult plant needs to be dug, clean the root system of the soil and divide the bush into several parts. Then each division should be landed in a separate well at a permanent place of growth.

It is important to note that only those plants that already have three years are suitable for breeding by bush division. If you make a division earlier, they will die.

The division for the purpose of rejuvenation is carried out once every five years. You should not refuse the procedure, as the culture begins to age, ceases to form new shoots, bloom, and eventually loses its decorative effect.

Diseases and pests

Most often, when growing this crop, gardeners face Drying of Penstemon Tops. If such a problem is found, penstemon should be cut at the root. Rejection of such a radical measure will lead to the death of the plant. After pruning, it will quickly recover and release new shoots.

With a strong soil gulf and water stagnation in the root system, gray rot develops, which makes itself felt as the plant stems wither. To save penstemon, it is necessary to break through the soil and water the culture with a solution of fungicide.

Since the plant is not interesting to pests, their invasion can not be afraid.

Conclusion

Growing a plant is not difficult. Even an aspiring gardener can handle this task. Culture is rather capricious, it is easy to propagate, and it can quite successfully grow in our climate zone.

It is for this reason that every gardener who loves beautiful, bright and unusual plants is simply obliged to have at least one instance of a penstemon in his garden.

Culture description

Penstemon belongs to the family of nornichnikovyh. His closest relatives include digitalis and snapdragon. The plant is a perennial. However, some of its varieties, mostly hybrid, are grown as annual crops.

More than 250 species belong to the genus Pestemenov.

The plant is found in the form of upright or creeping shrub with flowers in the form of bluebells. In length reaches up to 1 m.

Table 1. Appearance Features

Penstemon will be a worthy decoration of the autumn garden

This beautiful plant with lush foliage and bright flowers looks good on flowerbeds, single plantations, ridges and alpine hills.

Selection of varieties

To determine the variety, you should build on the preferences at the time of flowering. In some varieties, the first buds appear in early June and bloom until the end of August. Part of the species begins to bloom from July to September inclusive.

Flowers are found from white to purple and scarlet flowers

The following varieties are popular among Russian gardeners:

  • Firebird - with bright red flowers,
  • Hartwig - with scarlet,
  • Thornt - with white, turning into pink around the edges,
  • Garnet - with dark red,
  • Spirit - with white and pink,
  • Anthony - with purple.

Hartwig's Penstemon - A Frequent Guest On Garden Lands

The most demanded variety of Hartweg gives red and pink flowers. The color gamut of hybrid versions is more diverse - from purple to purple.

Buying seeds

Since the seeds of penstemons ripen for a long time, it is advisable to purchase them in flower shops.

Before you buy, you should read the description contained on the back of a bag of seeds. Self-respecting manufacturer as accurately as possible indicates the necessary information.

Table 2. Signs of quality seeds, based on the data provided by the supplier

Seed preparation for planting

Some manufacturers handle the planting material. The package contains information that there is no need to freeze or warm the seeds.

If you carry out preparatory manipulations with the treated seeds, they will die.

In the absence of such a marking, before sowing seeds, a number of measures should be taken to treat them.

In most cases, seeds need pretreatment.

Calibration

The purpose of this procedure is to separate viable seeds from defective ones. Для этого посадочный материал на 10 минут помещают в 5% солевой раствор. По прошествии указанного времени полые экземпляры всплывут на поверхность, а дееспособные осядут на дне емкости.

Without pre-calibration of seeds, you risk sowing "dummies"

Hormonization

By hormonization implies an acceleration of seed germination. This is achieved through the use of hormonal substances that saturate the seeds. The following drugs are used as growth promoters:

  • "Heteroauxin",
  • boric acid,
  • "Kornevin",
  • potassium permanganate,
  • "Epin",
  • aloe juice
  • baking soda,
  • a nicotinic acid.

A solution of potassium permanganate and baking soda is used at a concentration of 1%. Time of keeping the seeds in the liquid is not less than 24 hours.

The most popular seed treatment is potassium permanganate.

Stratification

This manipulation has a positive effect on seed germination and promotes their friendly germination. The method is based on imitation of winter conditions.

Gardeners use several types of stratification:

Penstemon seeds need stratification

Penstemonam needs a cold method. It consists in cooling wet seeds.

Due to the fact that the embryos in the seeds are in a phase of deep dormancy, they are not able to ascend immediately after sowing. Most of the plants in the cold season are immersed in hibernation. This is due to growth blockers. Otherwise they would germinate and die under the influence of low temperatures.

Table 3. Stratification Process

The duration of the procedure is 1 month. At the end of the pots rearranged in a warm room or sown their contents in the open ground.

Land preparation

The condition of the soil is a determining factor for the successful growth of horticultural crops. The main work on its optimization is carried out in early spring and late autumn. Before planting, several key points should be considered.

For the cultivation of penstemons, sandy soil is suitable.

Soil composition

For the cultivation of garden plants suitable sandy and loamy soils, located near water. They are rich in humus, which is important when growing penstemonov. In addition, they have a good air capacity. The agronomical properties of the soil are enhanced through fertilizing with mineral and organic fertilizers. To improve drainage properties, sand and rubble are added to the ground.

Soil acidity

Full absorption of nutrients from the soil in most cases occurs in a neutral environment. When the pH level deviates from neutral, useful elements become inaccessible for garden crops. However, this does not apply to Penstemon. Despite the fact that pathogenic microorganisms actively proliferate in acidic soils, this culture grows best in them.

Soil pH meter

The degree of soil oxidation can be determined by weeds that germinate in acidic soil. Sedge, moss, plantain and horsetail will also give the necessary tips. In addition, you should purchase a device for measuring the pH of the soil.

The following substances are used for soil acidification:

  • peat,
  • sphagnum moss,
  • sheet compost,
  • sawdust,
  • fresh manure

Moss growing in the shade is an indicator of soil acidity

Organics is good for use in sufficiently aerated loose soils. Acidification occurs as the decomposition of the elements. However, the required pH level is maintained for a long period of time.

Adding 3 kg of fresh manure per 1 m² of soil increases the acidity of the soil by 1 pH unit.

Sowing seedlings

In the southern regions of the possible planting of seeds in open ground. In the temperate zone of the Russian Federation, it is desirable to cultivate Penstemons using the seed method.

Starting in mid-February, the seeds are planted on seedlings. If you grow sprouts in peat cups, the culture will bloom in July.

General recommendations:

  1. Seeds are placed in a moist land substance. Any overdrying of the soil leads to the death of the seed. Stagnant water is also undesirable. Planted in the upper layer of soil up to 1 cm in depth. This contributes to good light and as a result of better germination.
  2. Powder with a layer of sand, disinfected by boiling water, no more than 3 mm.
  3. Cover with foil or glass. Arrange daily airings.
  4. Maintain temperature in the range from 18 to 24 ° C.
  5. After 2 weeks, when the first shoots appear, lower the temperature to 15 ° C.
  6. After the formation of 3 full leaves Penstemons dive into small pots.

When growing seedlings should be aware that this culture is light-requiring. The exception is made by the foxglove and bearded penstemons, which can grow in partial shade.

Penstemona love sunshine

Landing in open ground

Starting in mid-May, the plants are planted in the soil.

Gardeners noticed a curious relationship between the time of planting seedlings in the ground and flowering time. The earlier the culture is placed in the ground, the later it will bloom.

Landing rules:

  1. Seedlings are planted only after a steady heat is fixed.
  2. The site should be lit, but not blown.
  3. The optimum distance between seedlings when planting is from 25 to 45 cm, the depth of immersion in the ground is from 30 to 35 cm.

Penstemon planted in flower beds or stripes on rabatki. The plant looks good in the vicinity of undersized border crops, such as lobularia or malcolmia. It combines well with yellow flowers - Coreopsis and Calendula, as well as with yarrow.

Lobularia effectively frames the Penstemon flower garden

Botanical description

270 species are included in the genus Penstemon, the genus itself belongs to the family of the Norwich (Scrophulariaceae). In the wild, all forms of penstemon are found only in North America, in vast areas from Guatemala to Canada. Did you know?The first description of one type of penstemon was made in 1748 by John Mitchell, a famous American doctor and botanist. This is a perennial bushy herb with straight stems and lanceolate leaves. Its height reaches 1.2 m. The flowers are tubular or bell-shaped, they are collected in paniculate inflorescences. Flower color can be very diverse: white, pink, purple, lilac, red, etc.

Most forms of penstemona begin to bloom in mid-June. The life of the plant depends on the specific type and growing conditions. It can be from 2 to 7 years, but some species are grown as annuals. Your unpretentious annuals such as marigolds, petunias, purslane, begonias, asters, snapdragons, calendula, verbena, godetium, cosme, castor oil, delphiniums, rudbeckia can decorate your flower garden.

Popular plant species

Of the most popular species cultivated in our latitudes, it can be noted

  • Penstemon Bearded with red or pink bell flowers,
  • penstamon alpine with beautiful purple-blue buds,
  • penstemon with stems over a meter high and white and pink flowers,
  • penstemon stiff-hairedforming low bushes with light lilac flowers.

Did you know?The first sales of penstemon seeds for its cultivation as an ornamental plant in Europe were recorded in 1813.

Soil requirements

Optimal for planting a flower is a loose soil with an acid reaction. It is very important that the soil is well drained. Heavy soil before planting is necessarily mixed with sand or pebbles.

Planting and breeding

Both seeds and seedlings can be planted in open ground. In general, it is not only the cultivation of penstemon from seeds that is practiced, there are other ways of propagation of this flower. Consider them in more detail.

Planting plant seeds in open ground is usually practiced in areas with a milder climate. Seeds are usually planted in spring when there is no danger of frost.

They are laid out on moist soil, without digging into it. Top sprinkled with a thin layer of wet sand, planting place covered with foil or glass. Under favorable conditions, sprouts will appear within a couple of weeks.

Important!When planting Penstemon seeds in open ground, it is necessary to carry out a stratification procedure with them, i.e., treat with cold. For this, the seeds are placed in a refrigerator for two months and kept there at a temperature of +2.up to +5 °WITH. Sometimes the seeds of some species of Penstemon are planted in late autumn, in November. In this case, seed germination will be significantly lower than in spring sowing, but the surviving plants begin to bloom earlier than usual. For seedlings, seeds are planted no later than the beginning of March in boxes with a moist mixture of peat and sand. They are not buried, but lightly sprinkled with sand.

In the future, the soil is constantly maintained in a slightly damp state by regular spraying with water. The room in which the seedlings are grown should be bright and warm enough (optimally from +18 to +24 ° C).

Sprouts appear in about two weeks. When they develop to the phase of two leaves, they dive into individual pots with peat. Planting of seedlings in open ground occurs in May.

For division choose overgrown bushes penstemona. The procedure itself is carried out in early spring, when the plant has not yet begun to actively develop. To do this, dig a bush, and its stems are carefully separated by hand.

Important!Delenki planted immediately on permanent seats. The distance between the landings should not be less than 35 cm.

Penstemon can be propagated by cuttings. It is practiced from May to August. Non-flowering apical shoots are selected for grafting. They are cut and stuck in moist soil in partial shade. It is recommended to cover the cuttings with a glass jar or film and water them regularly.

Watering and soil care

The flower needs regular watering, it is especially important in the dry season. Between watering the soil should dry out. However, it is necessary to ensure good soil drainage, stagnant water can simply destroy the plant.

To reduce the frequency of irrigation used mulching, preventing the rapid evaporation of moisture. In addition, the soil around the plant, it is desirable to periodically loosen and weed.

When planting seedlings or cuttings, planting place fertilized with rotted organic matter. Fertilizing with organic fertilizers produced at least three times per season. Before the beginning of the flowering period, it is recommended to use complex mineral fertilizers with a high content of phosphorus - this will affect the beauty of flowers for the better.

This procedure is subjected to dried leaves, buds and stems, thinning overgrown bushes. In the autumn they do it radically - they cut off the entire ground part of the plant, and cover the flowerbed for the winter with spruce leaves or foliage. Planting perennials gives you the opportunity to create beautiful, long-term compositions based on host, yaskolki, doronicum, asters, lavaters, baths, astilbs, incarvilles, phloxes, violets, roses, , peonies, armies, milkweed cypress, clematis.

Wintering features

Some perennial species of penstemon, due to their too southern origin, are cultivated in temperate latitudes as annual. For species that are more resistant to cold, the main danger during the wintering period is not frost, but possible soaking of the roots. This danger is eliminated by drainage, it is also possible to remove excess snow from the landing site of the penstemons before the start of spring thaw.

Planting penstemon in open ground

In the southern regions of Russia, penstemon is recommended to be planted in open ground with seeds in October and November. Friendly shoots appear in spring, and flowering begins earlier than during spring seed planting. An important agrotechnical moment is the selection, preparation of the soil, the place for planting. Soil should have high acidity, be nutritious, light. It is easy to prepare by mixing the available soil with compost, peat, fine gravel or sand, charcoal. Before landing in the ground add rotten manure. At the landing site it is necessary to eliminate the formation of stagnant water due to effective drainage, to create protection against drafts. The plant develops well in one place for up to four years. Further decorative qualities of bushes become worse. A transplant is required. It is recommended to conduct it in the spring by dividing the bush. The adaptation time of a new bush is about a month. At this time, it must be watered, mulched, gently loosen.

Penstemon: planting and care in the open field

In areas with a cool climate, it is better to grow a flower by seedling. To obtain good seedlings, it is necessary to begin the process of planting in February in containers with pre-prepared soil. The seeds are slightly buried on the surface of the moistened soil, covered with a film, placed in a warm, sunny place. The first shoots will appear in two weeks. At this time, it is recommended to maintain a temperature of about 20 ° C, air daily, maintain the humidity of the earth without excessive moisture. After the appearance of the first leaf plates, the plant is transplanted into separate peat pots. Ready saplings are transferred to the open ground at the end of May and the beginning of June. Too early planting slows the development of seedlings. It blooms much later. Spring frosts should not damage the seedlings. The beginning of the first flowering of a young bush occurs in the summer of this season.

Care for outdoor penstemon

To obtain bright, beautiful bushes, it is recommended to carry out activities of agrotechnical care.

The flower needs regular watering. It is important that the soil between the watering time to dry up without the formation of constant moisture. After watering, it is necessary to loosen the soil under each bush. If necessary, be absent in the summer, the soil must be mulched for long-term preservation of moisture. The lack of water dramatically affects the decorativeness of the bush. In rainy weather, many varieties of flowers fall.

Penstemon grows large shrub, blooms magnificently only on fertile soil and with the regular introduction of organic fertilizers. They make at least three times a season. Together with organic use fertilizing with mineral fertilizers containing phosphorus. It is made before flowering. This allows you to enhance flowering, improve the decorative qualities of the bush.

Together with the usual removal of flowering inflorescences of bluebells, dry foliage, the bushes must be properly cut in autumn. This removes the ground part of the plant without disturbing the rosette of leaves. Pruning stimulates the appearance of young shoots. On new stems, the flowers do not shrink, they bloom in a magnificent bouquet. During the pruning period, it is necessary to remove excess plants so that the plantings do not become thick (the distance between the bushes is about 20 cm).

Preparing for the winter

Despite their southern origin, many varieties of penstemon are cultivated in perennial crops in central Russia. At the same time they must be carefully covered for the winter period. After the obligatory pruning, the bushes are covered with a layer of dry foliage, fir branches, stalks of annual flowers to a height of 20-30 cm.

Fight against diseases, pests

Penstemon is a resistant to disease, pest species of plants. With excessive moisture, the flower may suffer from fungal diseases, gray rot. This is expressed in the drying of stems, peduncles, the death of the tops and the whole bush. The affected parts are urgently removed, the bush is treated with a solution of the fungicide. The plant is quickly restored. Pests do not appear on the flower.

Species, grasses penstemona

Among the many varieties penstemona can distinguish the following types:

  1. DigitalisThe advantages of the variety include its resistance to cool climate conditions. The plant tolerates winter without additional shelter. Rosette of basal leaves does not die off throughout the year. The variety does not die at high humidity. Branched shoots reach a height of about 1.3 m. It begins flowering in June, and may continue until late autumn. The flowers are characterized by a tubular form with a cream, pinkish tinge. The most decorative types are Evelyn varieties (pink flower with white center, bright, green shoots). Husker red (trunks have a bright bronze tint, with white, tubular, large-sized flowers).
  2. Bearded.A feature of the variety is considered to be an early, abundant onset of flowering, lasting almost two months. On bushes up to 1 m in height many very beautiful, bright scarlet flowers with a white center appear. Stems are strong, branchy, leaves are lanceolate. Blossoms in May, bloom lasts until August. An example is the Kokkineus variety with continuous flowering of coral-red flowers. It grows well in partial shade.
  3. Perennial. A bushy perennial with straight stems up to 1.3 m high, dark green lanceolate leaves. There are varieties with bell-shaped and tubular flowers of different colors. Flowering lasts all summer.
  4. Hybrid. It is considered a high annual plant that blooms from June to September with blue bells. An example is the Anthony variety (blend) with a friendly flowering lasting about a month and an extraordinary scent. With timely pruning, the bush re-blooms at the end of summer. The variety has one rhizome, which does not allow to divide the bush. Reproduction is carried out by cuttings, seeds. At one place grown no more than four years. Very good for cutting. When autumn sowing seeds flowering occurs almost simultaneously with the old bushes.
  5. Hartweg. The height of the plant is about 70 cm. The flowers are shaped like a snapdragon plant. The inflorescences are small, but with large flowers of white, red, orange hue. Цветёт с середины лета до заморозков.
  6. Блестящий. Beautiful, undersized (height 20 cm.) Flower, resistant to frost (one of the most unpretentious species), blooming unusual blue, purple inflorescences. They appear in late spring, early summer. Flowering plant for a long time. Large flowers have a thick tube, wide petals. Lanceolate leaf rosette is painted in a gray-green color.
  7. Whitish. Lover of stony ground. It has oval leaves of a greyish-yellow shade with a texture resembling sandpaper, pale pink, white interspersed with flowers. The plant is resistant to drought. Flowering lasts at least two months. The height of the bush is small, only 20 cm.
  8. Alpine. It is considered a real boon for lovers of blue shades among the flower kingdom of Alpine hills. A dense flowering blanket does not disappear from May to August (not a single weed breaks through it). The height of the stems does not exceed 30 cm. It tolerates winter without shelter.
  9. Pineapple. Evergreen shrub with thin leaves similar to pine needles, densely located on low stems (because of the abundance of flowers, they are almost not visible). The flowers are bright red (there are varieties with yellow flowers). The easiest way to propagate is by dividing a bush or cuttings grown in warm greenhouses. The plant loves peat.
  10. Cobo. Tall shrub with large, racemes of different shades. Differs in lush green foliage. Flowering takes place in May. Well suited for areas with loamy, dry soil. Seedlings grown from seed, bloom in the second season.

Using Penstemon in landscape design

The plant's ability to grow rapidly, to form a sprawling bush covered with bright flowers, requires careful approach to the choice of planting site. It should be borne in mind that the plant does not get along well with many garden flowers. Most often it inhibits their development. The plant is used for growing in rock gardens, on hills, flower beds, along the tracks, given its growth. It is grown in group plantings, single plantings, vases for streets, containers, pots. Low-growing species are indispensable in the formation of rock gardens.

Fantasy, knowledge of what Penstemon is: planting and care in the open field with a photo, the accumulated experience will allow you to create unusual flower arrangements on your own plot. And, despite the fact that the flower is not worth a long time in a bouquet, it is nice to receive it as an original gift. You just need to love this beautiful plant.

Penstemon: Varieties and Varieties

If you look at the photo penstemona, then you can see some similarities with the bell. There are more than 250 types of Penstemon. Among them can be found and erect, and groundcover varieties.

The beginning of flowering in most varieties falls just at that intermediate period when the early flowers begin to bloom, and later ones only form buds. It is here that the Ponstemon is blasted with magnificent fireworks.

The most common types in our gardens:

    Alpine Penstemon. Yellow-lilac flowers with a white throat are collected in umbrella inflorescences and have the form of a dense pillow.

Planting a plant

Penstemon loves the sunshine, so try to find a lot of light for him, but at the same time you should avoid overly ventilated areas. The soil is preferably light, well drained.

From the seeds of Penstemon seedlings are first grown. In February-March, seeds are sown without deepening into the ground, because they need sunlight for germination. Some species are best sown in the winter.

Council For better seed germination, stratification can be performed.

The soil for sowing should be sufficiently moist. After the seeds have been sown, they must be covered with a thin layer of sand, previously disinfected with boiling water. Crops should be covered with film or glass.

Two weeks later, the first shoots of penstemon should appear. This will happen if you stick to a temperature range of 18-24 ° C. Seedlings better dive into peat pots, when there will be two leaves on each plant. At the end of May, flowers can be planted in open ground. It should be remembered: the earlier you plant young plants, the later they bloom.

In addition to the seedling method, you can sow the seeds and immediately into the open ground. As in the case of other perennial plants, this should be done in spring, when the danger of frost has passed, or in late autumn.

Plant Care

Pstemona care does not take much time. Although these plants require careful treatment, they are not at all choosy. The main thing to take care of is drainage. Do not allow the water to stagnate near the roots of the plant, because it will cause the flower much more harm than frost in winter. Watering culture should be carried out regularly, especially in dry weather. Do not let the roots dry out. The ideal solution to moisture problems can be regular mulching around perennial roots.

Do not forget to remove dried parts of the plant and loosen the soil around the bushes.

Before the frosts, the ground part of the bushes is cut off and covered with Penstemon with spruce branches or leaves.

Fertilizer and fertilizing penstemona

On the top dressing penstemon responds well. Experienced gardeners recommend fertilizing three times per season. Best if it is organic or a full range of mineral fertilizers. Immediately before flowering, you can make fertilizers with high levels of phosphorus. This will make the flowers lush and brighter.

Penstemon in landscape design

Penstemon is quite capricious and may not get along with some other flowers in your garden, so gardeners are advised to plant it away and give plenty of free space for development.

Different varieties of this flower are used in landscape design. Saturated tones of alpine penstemon forming a flowering cover are most often used in rock gardens as a ground cover. In addition, it will look good in curb plantings.

Bearded Penstemon in landscape design, this is used for planting in flower beds and rabatkah. No worse than he looks in solo landings.

The light pink flowers of the high digitalis penstemon are in demand in combination with flowers such as chamomile, coreopsis, as well as decorative sedge and astilbe.

You can arrange and a bed of some Penstemonov, picking up varieties in such a way that the multi-colored fireworks lasted all summer until the fall.

Penstemon, landing and caring for which is easier than it might seem at first glance, looks great in bouquets, although it does not cost long.

This rare guest in the gardens is worthy of attention. It is capricious in moderation, it multiplies easily, it feels good in a temperate climate. Any variety of Penstemona will find a worthy place in your garden. Do not be afraid to dream and your garden will acquire new colors, and Penstemon will help you with this.

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