Silverweed Norwegian is included in the number of plants of the family called Rosaceae, in Latin the name of this plant will be as follows: Potentilla norvegica L. As for the name of the Potentilla family itself Norwegian, then in Latin it will be like this: Rosaceae Juss.
Description of Potentilla Norwegian
Potentilla Norwegian is a one-year, biennial, three-year or four-year plant, the height of which will fluctuate between fifteen and twenty centimeters. The root of this plant will be simple. The stems of this plant are simple, usually they will be straight, they can be either single or in quantities of several. Potentilla Norwegian stems will be many-sided, upward they are branched, and will also be dressed by means of hard, bulged hairs. The leaves of this plant will be tripled, and sometimes they can be bulged haired. Potentilla Norwegian flowers are quite numerous. The calyx of this plant is a hairy, petals will be small, they can be both equal and shorter than the sepals. Potentilla Norwegian flowering occurs in the period starting in June and ending in September.
Under natural conditions, this plant is found on the territory of Moldova, the Far East, Ukraine, Western and Eastern Siberia, as well as on the territory of all regions of the European part of Russia, with the exception of only the Lower Volga region. For the growth of cinquefoil, the Norwegian prefers gardens, heathlands, edges of fields and roads, cuttings, places near dwellings and along river banks.
Specified one-, two-, three or four-year plant belongs to the Rosaceae family, although in fact its flowers are yellow. They are collected in many-flowered inflorescences and a little twisted. After flowering, the pedicels remain erect, and sepals change their sizes: the outer ones will be longer than the inner ones (they are the same during the flowering period). Flower petals are often shorter than sepals. Flowering begins in June and ends in September.
On the erect stem of the plant (at the top it is branched) there are quite a lot of leaves, and at the end rigid hairs are visualized.
The fruits of this type of Potentilla are egg-shaped, small and wrinkled. The bar is thickened at the base and of almost the same length as a mature fruit, maybe a little shorter than it. Fruiting begins around mid-summer, approximately in July, but depending on the climatic region, specific dates may vary slightly.
The height of an adult Norwegian Potentilla plant often reaches 50 cm, although specimens with a height of no more than 20-30 cm are often found.
Under natural conditions, this plant feels great in the so-called “weedy” places (for example, on waste grounds and along busy roads), as well as near various water bodies, on steam fields, wastelands and clearings.
You can find it in Russia, Ukraine, Eastern Siberia, as well as in Europe, with the exception of the southern regions. Sometimes the silverweed is mastered well near the residential houses and in the gardens, although they are trying to remove it from the latter, taking it as ordinary weed grass.
For medicinal purposes, it is customary to use both the above-ground (stalks, flowers and leaves) and the underground parts of the cinquefoil, that is, the roots. As part of the latter, you can find useful tannins, and studying the composition of the grass, you will see that carotene is also added to them. Phenol carboxylic acids and many of their derivatives are found in the leaves of the plant: kaempferol, quercetin, caffeic, ellagic and ferulic acids.
Given such useful components, it is easy to explain the healing properties Potentilla brothwhich is successfully used for angina pectoris and scrofula, because the plant has antibacterial properties.
Used silvergrass and as a bactericidal, wound-healing, anti-inflammatory and astringent, and therefore the following recipes are quite common.
Potentilla grass juice: The selected and well-washed above-ground part of the plant must be filled with water and, after passing through a meat grinder, squeeze the juice out of it. It is likely that it will be thick and viscous, because of which it is further diluted with hot water in a ratio of 1: 2 and boiled. Ready boiled and diluted juice is taken 4 times a day before meals.
Botanical characteristics of Potentilla
Potentilla white is a very rare plant that is found only in the wild. In Russia, its habitat is extremely limited. In height, the plant does not exceed 30 cm. Each leaf of the Potentilla is kept on a rather long petiole. This grass grows in open places where there is a lot of sun. It blooms with delicate white flowers, creating a magnificent coverlet. Creeping root can reach 1 m in length. This plant is unique in its content of a large number of different micronutrients. Potentilla white is able to normalize the metabolism in the human body, as well as equalize the hormonal balance.
Creeping shoots reach 80 cm in length. Opposite-leaved leaves of this herb have a green tint on top, and they are white on the bottom due to silky pubescence. Potentilla has beautiful flowers, which can be white, yellow and red, depending on the variety, located singly on a long thin pedicel that comes out of the leaf axes located at the top of the stem. Single yellow flowers are placed on long stalks and have 5 petals each. Potentilla white is presented in the form of nuts. Flowering of this grass occurs throughout the summer, from May to August.
Potentilla fruit - a few nuts of dark olive color, most often they are smooth, but there are also with the presence of wrinkles. Potentilla begins flowering in late spring - early summer. But on the maturation of the fruit will take 3 weeks after flowering begins. Potentilla is often found in the Urals, in Western Siberia and in the Caucasus. Fresh and wet soils, sandy lands in forests are best suited for this plant. This grass grows in glades, forest edges in forests, pastures, on the banks of swamps, streams and on glades.
Potentilla is quite a capricious plant. The main condition for the care of Potentilla is regular watering of the soil. In the spring, the silverweed needs mineral fertilizer. In the summer, the soil on which grows cinquefoil, you need to loosen and produce weeding. Potentilla is a plant that quietly tolerates cold, so in winter it does not need shelter.
Useful properties of Potentilla
Potentilla white is an excellent diuretic, it does not irritate the kidneys. In addition, it is often used as an anesthetic. This plant is a source of tannins, the most important of which is catechin, which improves digestion, therefore it is called the "friend of the stomach." The silverweed is applied as the knitting, anti-inflammatory and bactericidal means. Anti-inflammatory action of this plant is obliged to those tannins, which, creating a biological film, protect tissues from any effects (chemical, mechanical or bacterial), due to which inflammation occurs.
Potentilla has the ability to lower the permeability of capillaries and constrict blood vessels. It is used for coughing and colds, as it has an expectorant. In addition, this plant is used for the preparation of drugs that have a diuretic effect.
In modern pharmacology and folk medicine, cinquefoil goose is used in the treatment of diseases such as gastritis, pancreatitis, ulcers, and urolithiasis. Along with this, she does an excellent job with colic and diarrhea. Potentilla decoction perfectly helps with convulsions and asthma attacks, and also significantly relieves pain in women during menstruation. It should be noted that the goose's cinquefoil is also used as an external agent.
For medicinal purposes, the rhizome, leaves and aerial parts of the plant are used. Potentilla decoction is used for cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis. Tincture with the addition of olive oil is used in the presence of cracks in the skin.
A decoction of the rhizomes of the plant helps to cope with diarrhea, as well as it is used for stomatitis, gingivitis and sore throat. Tincture and decoction help with dysentery and internal bleeding.
Potentilla used not only inside, and externally, it is also used. For example, externally cinquefoil is used as a treatment for angina, ulcers, burns, stomatitis, and periodontal disease. Potentilla infusion helps in the treatment of diseases of the kidneys and lungs. An ointment is also prepared from Potentilla, which is used for felds, wounds and cracks in the lips. Powder powder is also made from powder, used as powder for burns, weeping wounds, and for external bleeding. Potentilla helps get rid of bad breath.
Potentilla is a part of many collections that are used in the treatment of the bladder, kidneys, gout and mycosis.
Broth rhizomes Potentilla. To prepare it, take 1 tablespoon of the rhizomes of the plant, pour a glass of boiling water and put on low heat for 15 minutes. After cooling the broth it needs to be drained. Take the finished decoction 3, and 4 times a day, and 1 tablespoon. Broth must be consumed for an hour and a half before meals. You can make lotions from this broth with hemorrhoids.
Broth herbs can wash various wounds on the skin, rinse the mouth and throat with ulcerative stomatitis and sore throats, and you can lubricate chapped lips for quick healing.
Potentilla tea for rinsing the mouth. It is necessary to take 2 teaspoons of the silverweed rhizomes and pour 300 ml of boiling water over them, then leave for 10 minutes on the fire. Apply the drug several times a day as a means of rinsing or irrigation of the oral cavity.
It is possible to insist on this herb both on boiling water and on milk. To do this, you will need 1 tablespoon of crushed sausage, pour 1 cup of boiling water or 1 cup of hot goat milk and boil for 5-7 minutes, then let it brew for a couple of hours and then strain. You should take this tincture at least three times a day before eating 1/3 cup. Such a diuretic will ease the course of jade and urolithiasis, also helps with bronchitis and relieves weakness in the legs.
In various gynecological diseases no less effective than pharmacological drugs, are seeds of Potentilla goose. To prepare the broth, you should pour 1 teaspoon of seeds with 1 cup of water, then be sure to bring to a boil and boil for 5 minutes, then cool and drain. Assign such a decoction 2 times a day for half a cup.
Potentilla erect is a special perennial plant with a tuberous rhizome. It can reach a height of 20 cm. Erect stems have many leaves that are slightly hairy on both sides. The diameter of the flowers is no more than 1 cm. The silverweed is erect in bloom for two months - in June and July. It is widespread in Russia, and in Ukraine, and in Moldova, and in Belarus.
As a rule, the plant settles in light forests, swamps and pastures. In folk medicine, not only rhizomes are used, but also stems, flowers and leaves. Potentilla erect is an excellent hemostatic and anti-inflammatory agent.
The silver fora moth is a herbaceous plant that is common in the Caucasus, Siberia, and in some CIS countries. The height of the stems on average is within half a meter. The long root of Potentilla is silvery - fusiform. The plant has a strong erect stem with five-fold leaves. The fruit is presented in the form of wrinkled nuts.
Light yellow flowers are collected in a loose panicle. This grass blooms all summer until the end of September. Drugs containing silverpaw silver have a hemostatic, astringent, anthelmintic and anti-inflammatory effect.
Potentilla erect (Kalgan) is one of the varieties of this perennial herb with erect stems. Radical leaves are divided into several segments. The fruit is a sleek poly-dark olive. Potentilla-kalgan blooms from May to August, and the fruits ripen 20 days after the end of flowering. This type of grass is common in the Urals and the Caucasus, and is also found in Western Siberia. Kulgan is incredibly effective in treating dysentery.
Potentilla yellow is a perennial herb with palmate-separated leaves and attractive yellow flowers. Such a plant is light-loving and winter-hardy. It prefers to grow in a small penumbra. A complex fruit consists of seeds. Potentilla yellow flowering time - from late April to mid-May.
Potentilla red is an unusual hybrid variety of rhizomatous herbaceous plant. This herb has trigeminal pepper leaves and delicate dark purple corollas. This spectacular plant with double flowers blooms all summer until early September. This is a capricious plant and chooses fertile soil. Potentilla red can be found in central Russia. The roots of this herb are used in traditional medicine as an anti-inflammatory agent.
Potentilla Nepalese - a beautiful perennial plant, often grows up to 50-60 cm in height. Peduncle this grass has a huge amount and happy flowering throughout the summer months. For the growth of cinquefoil, the Nepalese chooses sunny areas, but can also grow very well in partial shade. Inadmissible winter cold plant tolerates quite calmly. A decoction of this herb has a hemostatic and small antimicrobial effect.
Potentilla Volga is considered virtually extinct species. This plant can be found in the Saratov region of Russia on the chalk slopes. Currently, this species is practically not found in the wild.
Contraindications to use Potentilla
It is strictly contraindicated to take hypotensive patients because of its side effect to lower blood pressure.
Education: A diploma in medicine and treatment was obtained at the NI Pirogov University (2005 and 2006). Advanced training at the Department of Phytotherapy at the Moscow University of Peoples' Friendship (2008).
How does it lookAppearance (photo) of white cinquefoil White white moth is a herbaceous plant up to 30 cm high with a thick scaly rhizome. Most of the plant hides under the ground. The length of the roots reaches 100 cm. Root leaves with dark brown lanceolate stipules. Stem leaves with small stipules of ovate-lanceolate form.
The plant blooms in April - June. White large flowers resemble strawberry in shape and are located on long pedicels.
Potentilla fructifies in June - July.
Potentilla white grass grows on well-lit grassy slopes, forest edges, meadows, wood groves, in deciduous and coniferous forests. The plant is rare, albeit throughout Europe and in the CIS countries. In small quantities it can be found in Bulgaria, Italy, Germany, Belarus, Ukraine, Western Siberia and the Urals.
Such a rarity is due to the long period of growth of the silverweed. The plant reaches its full size in 10 years. That is why it is listed in the Red Book.
Rhizome and roots of Potentilla whiteIn medicine, use the roots of Potentilla white Get white medicinal raw material from pharmacies, on specialized websites or from traditional healers.. You can grow a plant yourself, but for this you need to find planting material. If you do not know where the white silverweed grows, find one of the following drugs at the pharmacy:
- filter bags with Potentilla - crushed roots of 1.5 g,
- tableted cinquefoil white - tablets from root powder,
- tincture of white potentilla on alcohol,
- weight dry raw materials
- packaged dry raw materials 50−100
The variety of Potentilla white useful properties due to its composition:
- flavonoids, irioids, saponins,
- amino acids, glycosides,
- iron, boron, sodium, calcium and other elements,
- phenol carboxylic acids,
- iodine and iodide anion,
- rutin and albinin.
How to collect
In order to preserve the white quality of the cinquefoil when treating various diseases, follow a few recommendations for its collection:
- Dig the plant when it reaches the age of 3-4 years,
- The best period for gathering is autumn, when the maximum amount of active and nutrients is concentrated in the roots.
- Cut off the aerial parts, small roots and rotten parts of rhizomes,
- Clean the material from dirt, wash and hold for 2−3 days in the open air,
- Put the roots under a shed or in a well ventilated attic.
Properly collected and dried raw materials are stored for up to 3 years.
How to applyPotentilla white tincture can be purchased at the pharmacy or prepared by yourself. Popular prescriptions for medications based on the white Potentilla root are the treatment of the thyroid gland, including thyrotoxicosis, hyperteriosis and some forms of goiter. Also cinquefoil white for women has an effective antitumor effect in myoma, cysts and mastopathy.
Infusion with thyroid
Лапчатка белая при щитовидке помогает в виде водной настойки. Для ее приготовления не покупайте сразу большое количество сырья, поскольку на один курс лечения понадобится не больше 200 г порошка корня. If you have only whole white potentilla roots, be sure to chop them. Use a mortar or hammer. In the latter case, wrap the raw material in the fabric so that parts of the roots are not scattered. Do the water infusion in the evening so that the medicine is ready in the morning. In no case do not prepare whiteinga with hypothyroidism.
- Potentilla root white (powder) - 1 tsp.
- Water (boiling hot water) - 1 cup.
How to cook: Pour the root powder into a thermos and pour boiling water over it. After 6−8 hours, strain the infusion through a sieve or several layers of gauze.
How to use: Drink 3-4 times a day 15 minutes before meals. The course of treatment is 30 days, after which take a break for 7 days.
Result: Aqueous extract of cinquefoil white for hyperthyroidism and other diseases of the thyroid gland evens out the hormonal balance, improves metabolism and normalizes the activity of the endocrine system.
Tincture with myoma
If you have been diagnosed with uterine fibroids, in which there are heavy bleeding, try to make a tincture of Potentilla white.
- Potentilla root white (powder) - 50 g.
- Alcohol - 250 ml.
- Water - 250 ml.
How to cook: Pour the raw material into the dish, dissolve the alcohol with water, pour it into the powder of cinquefoil and shake. Cover the dishes with a lid and leave for 15 days in a dark room. Stir the liquid periodically. Strain the drug.
How to use: Take 3 times a day for 15−20 drops.
Result: The white cinquefoil root strengthens the body, improves its blood circulation and normalizes the hormonal level. Since uterine fibroids are hormone-dependent tumors, the neoplasm decreases and gradually disappears.
Tincture with mastopathy
Alcoholic infusion of Potentilla is also effective for mastopathy. Simultaneously with the intake of the white Potentilla root, the treatment is complemented with compresses and ointments on the chest.
- Potentilla root white (powder) - 200 g
- Vodka - 1 l.
How to cook: Heat the vodka in the water bath and pour the powdered, powdered raw material. Place the container in a dark place for 3 weeks, then strain. Add water to the tincture to get the previous volume of 1 liter.
How to use: Add 1 tsp. in cup of warm water and take it in the morning and at lunch 30 minutes before meals.
Result: Treatment of white cinquefoil with mastopathy has a high therapeutic effect until complete recovery.
Potentilla white for children
In the official instructions in Potentilla white application for children has no restrictions. However, some herbalists believe that children can take the herb only under medical supervision and in compliance with the dosage. The children's hormonal system is unstable, and a white cinquefoil can adversely affect it.
The genus Potentilla unites about 325 species of plants. In Russia, the most common wild species are as follows:
- Potentilla white (Potentilla alba),
- Potentilla erect (Potentilla erecta),
- Silverweed silver (Potentilla argentea),
- Silverweed goose (Potentilla anserina),
- Potentilla grandiflora (Potentilla megalantha Takeda),
- Potentilla snow (Potentilla nivea),
- Potentilla crawling (Potentilla reptans),
- Potentilla multifaceted (Potentilla multifida),
- Potentilla low (Potentilla supina).
For more information about Potentilla, see the video:
What to remember
- Where white serum is used - treatment of the thyroid gland, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, colds, mastopathy, fibroids and cystic tumors.
- When hyperthyroidism and other diseases of the endocrine system helps water infusion of white Potentilla.
- When myoma and mastopathy do alcoholic or vodka tincture of the plant.
- White cinquefoil is contraindicated in hypothyroidism, hypotension, in violation of the heart rhythm and with the simultaneous administration of drugs based on iodine.
- Children can take medications with white potentilla under the supervision of a physician.
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Potency Potentilla - rhizomata tormentillae
Potentilla erect - potentilla erecta (l.) Raeuschel (= potentilla tormentilla stokes)
Sem. Rosaceae - rosaceae
Other names: wild kalgan, dubrovka, uzik, obsessive root, umbilical cord, drevlyanka, plait, umbilical grass.
Perennial herbaceous plant 15-50 cm high (fig. 9.16).
Rhizome woody, thick, often lumpy, 2-7 cm long and 1-3 cm thick, with numerous thin adventitious roots.
Radical leaves 3-5 long-complexioned, dying by the time of flowering.
Stems numerous, thin, ascending, at the top fork forked.
Stem leaves alternate, trifoliate, with two large leaf-shaped stipules, oblong leaves, coarsely dentate along the edge.
Stems and leaves covered with hairs.
Flowers in rare cymoid inflorescences on long stalks, regular, with a double four-membered perianth.
Cup double, with subacclusion. Corolla consists of 4 yellow petals, in contrast to other species of cinquefoil, having a five-membered perianth (diagnostic sign). Stamens and pestles lot.
Fetus - multi-holes consisting of 5-12 wrinkled nuts of dark olive or brown color.
Blooms From May to September, the fruits ripen in August - September.
Preparations of the roots of the Pontoca erect (decoctions) are used internally for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: gastritis, diarrhea, enteritis, dyspepsia, colitis, with meteorism associated with fermentation phenomena, with internal gastric, intestinal, pulmonary and uterine bleeding. Externally - with inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity, pharynx and larynx - stomatitis, gingivitis, tonsillitis.
In dermatology, the plant is applied orally for atopic dermatitis, eczema, trophic ulcers, complicated by pseudomonas aeruginosa, burns, hemorrhoids, and inflammatory skin diseases. Outwardly - with acne, bruises, bleeding wounds, cracks in the skin of the extremities.
Erect paw rhizomes are part of the collection "Fitodiarin ®", which has antimicrobial, astringent and anti-inflammatory action.
As a medicine, decoction of the crushed rhizomes of Potentilla erect can be used for children from 12 years of age.
Potentilla has long been used for tanning leather and for producing black and red dye. The plant is also used in alcoholic beverage production and as an additive to tea. In the food industry, it is used as a spice in canning fish, to impart a pink hue and a specific delicate pleasant aroma and taste.
Potentilla erect (Kalgan) - lat. Potentilla erecta L. Raeuseh - sin. Potentilla tormentilla Neck. - belongs to the Rosacea family (lat. Rosacea). The Rosaceae family includes about 115 genera and 3,000 species. Up to 500 species of plants are distributed to the genus Potentilla; they are distributed almost throughout the whole world, but mostly in the temperate and cold regions of the Northern Hemisphere.
A decoction of the rootstocks Pawkin upright erect astringent, anti-inflammatory, hemostatic, bactericidal effect, and also has expectorant and choleretic effect.
It has been established that aqueous extracts from the rhizomes of the Potentilla have antimicrobial, antiprotozoal, and fungicidal activity. Antimicrobial effect of decoction when exposed to its chemical compounds on the intestinal microflora is peculiar. Its action is milder and physiological, since the biologically active substances of a plant are essentially eubiotics and resistance of pathogenic pathogens does not develop to them. A decoction of the rootstock of Potentilla is used in the treatment of diseases associated with functional disorders of the intestine. When this happens, the inflammatory intestinal mucosa is protected from irritation and damage by microbial and other adverse agents, the elimination of the acute inflammatory reaction, the normalization of the motor function of the intestine, the suppression of pathogenic intestinal flora and the restoration of eubiosis in the intestine.
The general anti-inflammatory effect is associated with the action of flavonoids, and local - with tannins, capable of creating a biological film that protects tissues from bacterial, chemical and mechanical effects that accompany inflammation, while simultaneously reducing the capillary permeability and narrowed blood vessels.
In the gastroenterological department of the Clinical Diagnostic Center No. 1 in Moscow, studies were conducted on the pharmacological properties of the eel-root rhizomes erect. Under supervision there were 60 people. The first group included patients with functional bowel disease (irritable bowel syndrome) and with organic diseases (chronic enterocolitis). All patients had diarrhea. The second group consisted of patients with erosive and ulcerative processes in the stomach and duodenum, the third group - with chronic active gastritis. The fourth group was the control group and, in contrast to the first three, received only medication, without Potentilla.
When a plant was used in a group of patients who received Potentilla erect as monotherapy, a fairly rapid disappearance of diarrhea or its reduction was observed. The pain syndrome also decreased significantly to 5% (it was 54% before treatment), and dyspeptic disorders such as nausea, bitter taste in the mouth, belching, vomiting, and gingival bleeding and rectal bleeding significantly decreased.
Diarrhea in the control group without the use of Potentilla was stopped in 12 of 30 patients (40%), with the use of Potentilla erect in 24 of the 30 patients studied (80%).
Also, due to the increased interest in Helicobacter pylori infection, analyzes were conducted to identify Helicobacter pylori in patients from all four groups of patients before and after the treatment of rhizomes of Potentilla. The results showed that Helicobacter pylori was absent in 16 of 19 studied patients suffering prior to receiving this herbal remedy with chronic active gastritis and erosive and ulcerative lesions of the stomach and duodenum, and in the control group of patients Helicobacter was absent in 8 out of 21 people.
Thus, the silverweed upright can be used both as monotherapy and in conjunction with other drugs, without disturbing their metabolism. This plant is well tolerated by all patients, regardless of age. An introduction to the treatment of anti-ulcer treatment of Potentilla with an erect speed accelerates the time of epithelialization and significantly increases the eradication efficiency of Helicobacter pylori infection. However, given the presence of a large amount of tannins, it is necessary to remember about the drying effect of Potentilla on the mucous membranes.
Use in traditional medicine
It was also used externally in the form of an ointment for burns, frostbite, weeping eczema, and also for rinsing in case of sore throat and scurvy. Potentilla was also used for jaundice, liver diseases, gout, and as a part of fees - for diseases of the kidneys, bladder and prostate adenoma.
There is information about the effectiveness of infusions and decoctions of leaves, stems and flowers of Potentilla in the treatment of patients with acute and chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis of the liver with congestion (edema, ascites).
Potentilla has found application in other countries. In Bulgaria, the infusion of Potentilla is used as a choleretic agent for gastritis and peptic ulcer with low acidity, as well as in the form of applications for hemorrhoids.
The State Health Service of Germany recommends using kalgan inwards for diarrhea, and externally for rinsing and irrigating the mouth for inflammation of the gums and mucous membranes.
Potentilla erect has always been popular with the Russian people. However, it is known to many as Kalgan. In the people there are other names of this plant: ligature-grass, sticking root, stitch, wooden, drevlyanka, whispering, dubrovka, oak root, umbilical grass, diarrhea, narrow, spool, etc. Preserved legends about this plant. One of them is connected with Ilya Muromets. It says that before the battle with the Nightingale the Robber, the bogatyr found a great thicket of grass “whispering”, breathed in the smell of its roots and felt the immense power in itself.
In the Middle Ages, the medicinal properties of Potentilla erect were highly valued, since it was almost the only remedy for dysentery. In the old reference books, silverweed is also mentioned in combination with other medicinal herbs. In “Ethnobotanical Notes” by H. Marcellus about Potentilla, the following is said: during the plague of 1348–1349, a bird flew from the sky to the people in the Baden Valley and sang: “Whoever eats the calgan and the femur will delay his end”.