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The best winter varieties of apple trees for central Russia and care for them

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Apple is one of the few fruits that have the most varied tastes. Varieties differ in terms of ripening, the rigidity of the fruit. And nothing about the taste and can not speak. A variety of flavors make apple varieties different from each other. Of great importance is the amount of sugar in the fruit.

Sweet and sour apples

The taste of apples depends on the ratio of sugar and acids. It has a special name - sugar-acid coefficient. Dessert apples should have at least 20-34. It is noticed that the southern varieties in the total mass are sweeter than the middle strip apples. Acids in the south - about 0.3%, sugar - up to 11%, in the more northern - 0.7%, sugar - 9%. But varieties with a predominance of sugar over acids can be found among representatives of any climatic zone.

Some of them are of ancient breeding (Arkad yellow, Korobovka, Medok, Mironchik). And there are new ones created relatively recently. This is Medunitsa, Cypress, Candy, Sweet Scarlet. Breeders specially grow these varieties, knowing that they have a large audience.

Sweet Middle Band Varieties

Among the varieties of apples in the middle band, honey apples Melba, Mechta, Oktyabrenok, Slavyanka, Lobo, Pepin saffron are considered sweet. In their fruits - about 10% of sugar. It is even more in the fruits of the varieties Narodnoe, Rosy excellent, Vityaz, Bessemyanka Michurinskaya, Orlik (11% and more). And the amount of sugar in such varieties as Michurin’s Memory and Antonovka dessert is more than 12%.

Useful properties of apples

Honey apples contain large amounts of vitamin C. In 100 g of its pulp 20 mg. Vitamin helps strengthen the immune system, restoring the strength of a weakened body.

Acids found in apples of all varieties interfere with the process of rotting in the intestines. A large amount of fiber helps regulate the activity of the alimentary tract.

In order for the heart to fulfill its functions as long as possible, it needs potassium. In apples of this element - almost 300 mg per 100 g. Iron contained in apples takes part in the formation of red blood rings. There is chromium, magnesium, manganese.

The amount of nutrients depends on the variety of apples and the conditions in which they ripened. But in any case they are much more than in other fruits.

Terms of ripening

To constantly provide the body with valuable elements and substances contained in apples, you need to stretch the period of their consumption for a longer time. To do this, planted trees of different ripening terms.

  • For summer ripening in July - early August. Apples of these varieties are eaten immediately after ripening. They can lie for about a month. Shelf life can be slightly extended by hiding them in a cool place.
  • Autumn apple varieties ripen in late August - early September. You can store them no more than 3 months.
  • Winter apples are removed from the branches at the end of September. They are stored in a cool place until February.
  • Late-winter varieties ripen in late October. Take them to maturity and put in storage. Gradually, they reach a state of ripeness, as evidenced by the change in color and consistency. They can be stored until the end of March, and even April.

The tree of this variety is low. Crohn rare, rounded shape. Fruits of yellow color, with a red blush, weighing about 40 g have a rounded conical shape.

Sugar content - 13%. The tree is resistant to frost. The same name has a new columnar variety. But this is a completely different Medoc.

Korobovka (Medunichka, Shifting)

An old variety that starts fruiting not earlier than the 7th year. Resistant to frost, almost not affected by scab. Each of the names speaks about the qualities of the variety. There is practically no acid in its fruits, but there is a sweet honey taste. To some, it seems even a little bland. The grade is called ripening due to ripening time. A Korobovkoy - for the small weight of apples (40 g). Previously, these honey apples were sold not by weight, but in whole boxes. Fruits are yellow with red stripes. During ripening, they become transparent, if you look at an apple against the sun, you can see its seeds.

For a long time they do not persist. You can prepare for the winter by preparing jam. For the preparation of delicious compote using dried honey apples. The recipe is simple: 200 g of apple slices are washed with boiling water, poured with 2 liters of water, boiled for 10 minutes. Insist until cool.

Honey (Medunitsa)

The variety is bred by MSU breeders. It can be grown in regions where the temperature drops to -40 degrees. But he feels better in the south. Fruiting begins 4 years after planting. Summer variety of high yield - Lungwort (honey apple). The description suggests that the fruits are large, about 130 g. The color of the fruits is yellow-green, with brown stripes. The shape is flat-round, tapered.

Medunitsya - honey apples (varieties are different), the fruits of which ripen together in late August. Do not crumble. Kept fresh for two months. Use for making juice, eat more fresh. If a tree grows in the shade, the fruits ripen gradually, not all together.

The tree is tall, with a pyramidal crown. The root system is branched. The roots are not afraid of close groundwater. The leaves are dull green in shape, slightly different from the usual apple. The plate in the center of the sheet has a bend.

Medunitsya - honey apples (varieties are listed in the article), unpretentious to the growing conditions. Resistant to major diseases. This variety of apples (honey) is almost not damaged by pests. Growing a tree does not require much effort.

Planted tree in loamy soil. It is well water and at the same time holds her. The place you need to choose sunny. The distance between adjacent seedlings should be no less than 5 m. After all, the crown of a tree is wide.

For a month-fortnight they prepare a pit for planting. Its size should be two times larger than the diameter of the root system of the seedling. The soil is mixed with fertilizers and poured into the pit at the bottom of the pit. The seedling root is placed on it so that its root collar protrudes above the ground by not less than 7 cm. It cannot be buried in the ground.

Next to the tree a support is installed, to which it will be tied for several years. This will save the tree from wind damage and help form a smooth trunk. Dig in a hole. Water the seedling with several buckets of water.

Mulch pristvolny circle. The first year you need to carefully monitor that the soil under the tree does not dry out. But do not fill it. Later watered only in dry years. After all, an adult tree gets its roots to the water layers and provides itself with moisture. Under the same tree poured no more than 5 buckets of water.

The main disadvantage of the variety is the need to constantly trim the crown of the tree, removing excess shoots. It is especially difficult to do this when the apple tree grows. Formative pruning is carried out at the end of winter or in early spring, when the threat of severe frosts is past.

Fertilizer trees

In early spring, the tree is fertilized with sodium humate. In the fall, phosphorus and potassium are introduced. This will help to endure the winter well. But you need to hold a number of activities. In late autumn, manure is placed around the trunk. In winter, the trunk of the seedling is covered with snow. So that the rodents do not damage the bark of the tree, cover the trunk with spruce or roofing felt. Spring bleached barrel. This will help to avoid sunburn, destroy the larvae of some insect pests.

Arcade yellow

Arkad yellow - it tastes almost like honey apples, a variety. Features: the tree has an elongated sparse crown shape. Leaves slightly pubescent. The fruits are light yellow in the shape of a glass, sweet.

A variety of early ripening. Winter hardy trees. Disadvantages - low yield and low resistance to scab disease.

New Sweet Varieties

Among the new sweet varieties can be noted Elena, an early-summer variety. The fruits are beautiful, sweet, with a honey flavor. Enters fruiting in the second year. The fruits ripen a week earlier than Bely poured.

Belarusian sweet - late variety. The weight of one apple reaches 200 g. The flesh is loose, fragrant, with a pleasant sourness. The fruits are well kept on the branches. Ripens in October, stored until January. Variety resistant to scab.

Honey apples

Among the apples that can be bought in modern supermarkets, you can call apples with honey flavor Honey Crunch, Modi. Both varieties are pretty sweet. Although not all consumers are ready to call them honey. Fruits are large, red, juicy, fairly solid. Well kept.

Honey crunch is sold in supermarkets for about 300 rubles, which users consider to be very high. Modi is sold for 80 rubles. per kilogram.

Features

You should be aware that, by frost resistance, apple trees are divided into winter and summer. Thus, many experienced gardeners often grow winter and summer types of apple trees in their gardens. This is a very expedient decision, due to the fact that not all varieties of summer apple trees will be able to survive severe frosts.

As a rule, apple trees ripening in the summer period of time, produce fruits that are not subject to long-term storage. In addition, if the winter will be harsh, then such trees are likely to die.

Speaking about the best winter varieties of apples for central Russia, a number of features can be noted that give them an advantage over summer trees.:

  1. This species has a high degree of frost resistance.
  2. Such apples can be stored for a long time without losing an attractive appearance and taste.
  3. They have a very high winter hardiness, which means resistance to particularly strong frosts.
  4. It is easy to tolerate strong temperature drops that occur after a thaw.
  5. Late harvest time (in September, October, and sometimes even in November).

How to choose?

Russia occupies a very vast territory of the globe, which is why the climatic conditions of its various regions differ significantly. For example, the fact that it grows well and bears fruit in Voronezh is hardly suitable for growing in Smolensk.

According to the same principle, one should approach the choice of apple trees for planting. Usually, Apple varieties most suitable for cultivation in a particular region are sold in local nurseries..

Growing apples in the middle zone of the Russian Federation is accompanied by the emergence of some difficulties. In particular, it has a moderately continental climate, which is characterized by a snowy, rather frosty winter and a warm, humid summer.

Thus, having decided to start growing apples in the middle zone of the Russian Federation, one should take into account the winter resistance of one or another variety. At the same time, it should be noted that apple trees are a very common fruit tree for this region.

Specific types: description and characteristics for each

Currently, there is a fairly decent number of varieties of winter apple trees grown in the middle zone of the Russian Federation. Moreover, these trees are divided into domestic and foreign. Consider the most popular ones:

    Antonovka - This variety has a very rich history and has long been grown in Russia. Especially well ripen and form apples of this species in the middle lane.

They have a bright yellow color and a very pleasant aroma. The flesh has a crunchy texture and white color. The taste of Antonovka is sweet and sour.

As a rule, fruit begins after 7 years of growth. It is important to note that this variety of apple trees is very resistant to various diseases, unpretentious and tolerates even extreme cold. Kuban-spur - apples of this variety reach a mass of about 170 g. Have a very attractive appearance, which is characterized by a rounded, slightly conical shape with no ribbing.

During the harvest period, apples of this variety have a greenish color, but in the process of ripening they acquire a bright red blush, which makes them even more attractive.

The flesh is dense, light gray. It has a sweet-sour taste.

Among the most important characteristics of the winter Kuban-Spur apple variety, one can note a high yield index, a small crown, as well as adaptation to growth in the territory of the central zone of the Russian Federation. «Jonathan"- Apple trees of this species have a very large number of advantages. The harvest usually comes on the 5th year of growth.

This type is characterized by an average percentage of susceptibility to diseases, as well as winter hardiness. Perfectly gets on and plentifully fructifies in a midland of the Russian Federation.

In size, the fruits grow large and medium. They have a yellowish-green color with a bright red blush. When harvesting, apples of this type may have an “rusty” net.

The flesh is juicy, has a delicate creamy taste and a crunchy texture. Welsey - Apple trees of this variety grow well in the middle lane. The apples are round, grow medium size. They have a characteristic flatness.

Fruits have a yellowish color with a bright red tinge. At the same time, the flesh itself is crunchy, with a slight sourness and unforgettable aroma.

Usually, this sort of apple begins to bear fruit 5 years after planting. It has good winter hardiness and resistance to diseases. Lobo - a very popular variety of winter apple trees. It has a yellow-green fruit round shape. Also on the apples there is a pleasant reddish blush.

The flesh has a delicate structure in white. It has a very pleasant aroma.

However, this variety of apples is highly susceptible to various diseases. At the same time, it has a peculiarity to bear fruit quickly.

Currently, it is very popular in many countries, and also successfully grown on the territory of the central part of the Russian Federation.

General rules of care

It is important to understand that the cultivation of an apple variety requires proper care. So, conditionally, the main procedures for caring for an apple tree can be represented as the following list:

    Whitewashing the trunk - This procedure is carried out at the end of February in order to protect against direct sunlight and in the spring, in order to protect the tree from pests.

White color perfectly reflects the sun's rays, which helps protect the tree from overheating.

It is necessary to whiten both old and young apple trees. As a tool for whitewashing, you can use a solution prepared at home, or ready-made purchase paint designed for this purpose.

Also, as a result of frost, the bark of the apple tree can be partially destroyed. This circumstance manifests itself in the form of brown spots on the trunk, and at the same time the bark begins to slice off the wood. In this situation, also used garden pitch or graft bridging.

  • Pruning apple trees - annually in the spring period of time it is necessary to prune apple trees in order to ensure good ventilation and illumination of the tree crown, as well as convenient harvesting in the future.
  • Timely pest control - this procedure is performed in spring in several stages:
    • 1st in March (before the advent of buds) - the tree is sprayed with chemicals.
    • 2nd in April - you can install special glue belts on the tree, which are an effective tool in the fight against crawling insects.

    Watch the video about apple care:

    Conclusion

    It can be noted that today winter varieties of apples grown in the middle zone of the Russian Federation are very popular because of the high percentage of yields, as well as special taste qualities. The most important thing is to provide proper care for the apple tree and then it will delight you with its wonderful fruits all year round.

    10. Medunitsa

    Variety Medunitsya - despite the large size of the crown - the favorite summer variety of summer residents.

    Apples of a grade "Medunits"

    Variety Medunitsa forms an early harvest of amazing honey taste with a good long-term, for summer apples, keeping quality, which is 1.5-3.0 months. Under optimal conditions, fruits are stored until the New Year holidays.

    Variety Medunitsa sredneplodny, forms the first crops for 4-6 year. The mass of fruits is average and does not exceed 90-110 g. Apples manage to ripen in July-August on a tree. Maturation non-simultaneous, but the fruits are not showered.

    In terms of quality indicators, the Medunitsa variety is a dessert dietary fruit. The sugar content is about 14%, vitamin “C” 7.8 mg / 100 g of the product, free acids 0.12%, pectin 10.1%, P-active substances 297 mg / 100 g of the product. The sugar-acid ratio approaches 200 (sic!).

    The outer color of the fruit varieties Medunitsa greenish-yellow with a blurry reddish blush, consisting of red-brown stripes. The skin is smooth, dense. The flesh is yellowish, very juicy. Winter hardiness of culture is above average, it withstands temperatures down to -25 ..- 28 ° С.

    26 comments

    Hello. No one will argue that everyone has their own ideas about beauty and preferences in choosing varieties, however, that there’s no sense in our aesthetic delights, if there are no recommended varieties, in nursery nurseries. And what they do there, and how they earn money is not at all clear. Of course, there is the possibility of ordering, but firstly, not just what you want, and secondly, somehow already doubtful, yet specialization is a sign of professionalism, and thresh everything in a row .... alarming.

    I have long been interested in such a question. I have early and late varieties of apple trees in my garden. Плодоносят обильно, но не каждый год. Как бы один год “работают”, другой отдыхают. А вот на некоторых других участках я вижу, как яблони ежегодно обильно усыпаны плодами. Причем в основном это яблони, у которых плоды не красного, а “белого” цвета.So I want to ask: does annual fruiting affect the longevity of the tree? Does the tree wear out like this and is it worth buying these varieties?

    Fruiting is not only a varietal trait, but also the ability of the body. If he is old - do not expect much from him. And then, when he is young - why shouldn't he get a fuck?

    Let yourself be a fairy show every year! If only it would not hurt the body. And then, after all, women are not recommended to give birth more often than in two or three years - for the restoration of stocks of “building material”. My question was what. The article says: “It is advisable to pick varieties of apple trees with annual fruiting.” Well, who argues with this! But will the annual increased fruiting affect the longevity of the tree? All old apple varieties, as is known, were distinguished by longevity. How about this in new varieties?

    Who knows? All “old” varieties are nothing more than a myth. Fairy tale.
    The varietal feature is, of course, the determining factor, but only in appropriate conditions for this variety. It is from here that the longevity myth grows.

    If you regulate the fruiting pruning, then the apple tree will bear fruit every year. And the life span of a tree is affected by the variety, stock, growing conditions, external factors.

    Oksana, thank you for the answers. But we are talking only about increased fruiting. I also have an apple tree every year. But it is very abundant only in the so-called. “Apple” years. And those trees about which I speak, very plentifully bear fruit every year. And even in abandoned areas where there are no owners and no one to take care of the apple trees. That's what's curious! I wonder what kind of varieties?

    Most likely pereopylents. Plus, the quality of the fruit is below the baseboard.
    And every year they do not bear fruit. In addition, the fact that the apple trees look old does not mean that they are old by age. This may mean that they are stunted.
    Age, as well as other signs - varietal feature. Someone is 100 years old, and someone is 20. But for these 20 she will give 20 times more than a hundred years.

    I, of course, not an expert in this matter. But I, for example, know. that in the gardens of the intensive type of apple live less than it should be. Yes, such apples for 20 years will give fruits 20 times more than a century. But after all, they will live 5 times less. So, probably, you need to choose what suits you best. This year, due to rains, there were not so many apples at the sites of many of my neighbors. But for those apple trees I’m talking about, the branches just bent from the abundance of fruits (although I don’t know what they taste like). This made me think: how long do such apples live, if they wear out every year? And about the longevity of old apple trees, I will say that I have quite a few acquaintances, in whose gardens apple trees have been growing for 50 years, or even more. And they have just excellent apples.

    So what's the problem? Do you need apples or 50 years that no one thought? And yes. You taste it. And once again: an abandoned garden does not mean an old garden. Most likely he is younger than those who are so zealously nursed for 50 years. Therefore, it follows from this that young apple trees are better than 50s. Those who live for 20 years - and at the time of fruiting enter very early. And those “old” varieties - it’s necessary to wait for 7-8 years, and if you are not lucky with the conditions, that's all 10. Question: why?
    In the district there are enough “objects” for observation, about the harvest for “abandoned”. There was nothing at all. Those. altogether.
    And what about the quality of apples, the check is simple. We import and not export apples. If they were exported, then they would be able to assert about quality, and if we buy, then this means low quality. Everything else - the taste and color of all the markers are different.

    For ourselves, of course, we try to choose trees with the most delicious fruits. And, of course, we are not guided by deadlines. Although for some reason it is the old varieties that are often tasty and long-lived. As for abandoned gardens, I will give an example. If you walk from the Kolomna embankment in Moscow to Kolomenskoye Park, you will have to go through the former state farm orchard with apple trees. Apple trees were planted back in ancient times. In the 1980s state farm closed. And since then, no one cares for trees. In short, an abandoned garden in all respects. However, every year the entire former state farm land is simply strewn with ripe apples, which the locals collect in bags. Although about these trees can not be said that they are young.

    Wow ... that I went well! I studied the topic of apples on July 11, 2015, then I did not find such articles .... Just a great article, so much useful information and all in one place ... just drooling! Thank you so much, Valentine!
    I am amused that many of the varieties mentioned here were noticed by me in 2015 (the same “Northern synapse”, for example), decided to study everything again.
    He paid special attention to the variety “Bogatyr” ... The characteristics are simply amazing, there is no need for any, and no smith is needed! will study.

    Valery, a variety Bogatyr too much PRT! Yes, the apple is big and the variety is late and quite lying. Lies almost all winter. And productivity is big. Only one thing. It cannot be put close to him with dessert varieties such as Golden Delicious. Heaven and earth. Grass and ambrosia. According to taste, apple trees are better than Bogatyr and are of the same length, large and fruitful and later.

    I agree with Dachnik. Fertilization directly depends on pruning, it has been tested in practice. And I don’t chase after the so-called old varieties, because their taste often leaves much to be desired. The myth about them is much “tastier”.

    Apple trees that live long are, as a rule, apple trees grown from seed, i.e. not grafted, not varietal, but having a taproot. I have a summer house in the village. There are many apple trees in the village gardens, and I don’t observe the care of these apples, but they bear fruit every year and do not require watering or protection from frost and sun, and the taste is excellent. Apple trees are planted by those who are long gone, and apple trees live. Previously, apple trees grew in the garden and the only care was the introduction in spring of garden crops in large quantities of manure with lard. Today in the village local cows do not have, and instead of a garden there is a lawn. If you plant seeds from apples grown in your region, a wild can grow, and maybe an apple tree. Wildlife is visible immediately, it will be with prickles. You can graft something on it, and it will be a more resilient apple tree than a purchased sapling. If an apple tree is obtained from a seed, the taste of apples will not be recognized soon.

    Oh, finally, at least some explanation! Thank you, Larisa! In general, it would be interesting to talk with the village old-timers, what they could tell from their own experience and long-term observations.

    It is interesting, what is the probability that a full-fledged apple tree will grow from a seed, but not wild, 5-10%. I have seen only wiches in my life, they are successfully planted, a strong, healthy tree is obtained. And if anyone needs the old varieties, then there are still gardens from 50-70g, almost abandoned, there to take a graft from old apple trees and plant on the wilderness, this is the best option, I have Melba so vaccinated, she is already 26 years old ...

    Hello. I want to answer about saplings and seeds. I am a forester's wife, we have been collecting seeds for 30 years, and we are growing seedlings for planting forests. Fruit necessarily planted in conjunction with the main landing. For 30 years, I have only once observed, a new .. sort of large-fruited sweet cherries. And last year, in the wilderness, an apple-tree grade was noted. In fact, this is a very rare case, basically all of these are jacks. Even if there is an apple a little larger, then the acidity is so high that it does not become edible. Therefore, it makes no sense to grow stone fruit from seeds, these are empty hopes, and time spent!

    If you collect seeds for planting from wilderness, then there will be wilderness and culture do not wait. The large-fruited variety of sweet cherry appeared most likely from seeds brought in by tourists or mushroom pickers from the fruits of large-fruited sweet cherry. I sow about 10 years seeds of apple and pear. Of the 4 that made the apples grow fertile, hawthorn fruits were on one, the rest were good apples. Pears gave fruit only from 2 samples, one of average quality, and the second sample in a single copy despite the bad weather in 2017. turned out to be of excellent quality. Torn off 16.09. and spent 3 days 19.09. was eaten. I have 5 varieties of zoned pears, but this one was at the level of the best varieties. I sow the best varieties to taste from the store of the southern fruits. For 10 years frosting was on one pear, young plants freeze on the top of the shoot, but not all and not every year, in the future it is completely acclimatized. The yield percentage is quite high. Whoever wants to start a board, sow one sort of pear or apple tree seed seed of 20 or more. During the winter, something will be eliminated, the worst will be removed, after 3 years, leave 3-5 copies, leave the best on morphological signs, others should be planted on fruiting apples if they are limited in the ground.

    Svetlana, I can't talk with the guards, I can only with their children, who are now well over 60, and then only in the spring. In winter, we do not go to the country, and in winter few people live in the village.
    Vadim., About% I do not know. I would like to try, but before it was not up to it, but now the age for such an experiment does not have. I only know that seeds were sown from neighbors' apples, which they liked to their taste. Good luck

    After Galina’s comment, the dots above i got into place, the percentage of appearance of a varietal apple from a seed of not 5-10% as I assumed, but 0000000.1%. So, dear gardeners should experiment! But there is no better means of vaccination. Tell me how to grow walnuts nut in the province of Vladimir, a friend from Pyatigorsk offers nuts for planting

    From personal knowledge. To grow a walnut, not a problem, it germinates well and sprouts. The problem is frost, which kill the shoots of the previous year, even if they persist, spring frosts completely destroy the crop. Even in Ukraine, in the Odessa region, return frosts in May clean up all the trees cleanly. If you don’t see those, then there’s a real opportunity to get a harvest. And there is also such a rule, “You won't try, you won't know ..”

    We have all these varieties in our nursery. Write in a personal.

    Hello, Peace to you.
    Tell me please what varieties of apples for the garden are suitable for growing in Abkhazia-subtropics with hot summer and high humidity. And where to get these varieties?

    Good afternoon, Levan! I am not an expert on Abkhazia, I only know that in your zone there is a variety of “Champagne”. But I am sure that he is not the only one. I advise you to contact any local nursery. Or go, or ask for advice by phone. There, they will tell you which varieties are early, which are average, which are late. What is better according to your preferences for taste, keeping quality.

    Brad amateurs. What are the seeds? What are the wilderness Who needs old varieties that come into fruition in the 10th year, constantly ill and having mediocre taste, like the same Sinap or Bogatyr. Full of new, immune varieties (for example, Florin, Ligol, Honey Crisp), fruit-bearing, on dwarf, or semi-dwarf rootstocks for the 2nd, 3rd year and having the highest taste. Stocks have long been sold in Michurinsk, in Rossosh, in Krasnodar, etc. Buy, plant, plant, learn agricultural techniques (by the way, the stocks are very easy to propagate, called “pigtails”). And it is better to buy ready-made seedlings, though there are a lot of scammers, especially online stores.

    Description of the summer variety Honey

    Plant belongs to the category of summer high-yielding varieties. The choice of the region of growing trees is influenced by climatic conditions. Honey apple is a winter-hardy plant. It is able to fully transfer the temperature to -35-40 degrees.

    It is best to grow an apple tree in the south of the Russian Federation. Climatic conditions of Siberia apple tree endures poorly.

    Lungwort characterized by abundant fruiting. The plant is pollinated by insects. The first fruits on the plant appear 4-5 years after planting.

    Harvest going in August. Apple fruits ripen at the same time. After harvest, it is stored for two months.

    Tree and Fruit Characteristics

    The tree has a large size and a wide pyramidal crown. It is characterized by the presence of a branched root system, which is not affected by closely located groundwater.

    The tree has green foliagewhich is characterized by the original form. The branches of the tree are of the skeletal type.

    Honey variety apple is a summer dessert variety

    Apple tree is resistant to pests and diseases. The tree is characterized by the presence of round-shaped shoots and brown color.

    The leaves on the shoots are characterized by different sizes and dull green color. In the center of the leaf there is a plate bend.

    Honey Apple is a summer dessert variety. Using the fruit of the plant, jam is prepared. Apples are juicy, therefore used for making juice.

    Thanks to honey taste and pleasant aroma fresh fruit consumed.

    Advantages and disadvantages

    Honey Apple has its advantages and disadvantages. The advantages of plants include simplicity to growing and ease of care. The apple tree has tasty and large fruits.

    Although it is a summer variety, its fruits, compared with other types of apple trees, are stored for two months. If you put the apples in the refrigerator, their shelf life increases.

    The disadvantage of the plant is the constant need for crown formation. The root system of the tree is saved from stagnant water. The bark of young trees is damaged by rodents, and therefore requires close protection, especially in the winter.

    Apple tree needs constant pruning. This procedure is not convenient when the tree reaches a considerable size.

    Tree pruning is carried out in March immediately after bud break. After that, only regulating point pruning of the branches is carried out.

    Natural growth region and adaptation in other regions

    The most favorable regions for growing trees - Ukraine and Belarus. Apple Trees are grown in Russia. The most favorable for this are the southern regions of the country.

    Apple tree simply adapts to new areas, while providing it with optimal growing conditions.

    Planting rules seedlings

    For planting plants need to choose a well-lit place. The optimal growth of the seedling will be ensured only if the rules for its planting are followed:

    1. Since the Honey Apple Tree has a large crown, the distance between the trees should be at least 5 meters.
    2. A few weeks before planting, a pit is dug, which should be twice as large as the root system of the seedling. Fertilizers are poured into the bottom of the pit.
    3. Before planting the apple tree around the apple tree, the soil is dug up, which will ensure breathability.
    4. Planting seedlings carried out in such a way that above the ground protruded root neck at 7-9 centimeters. It is strictly forbidden to cover the ground.
    5. To strengthen the seedling in the first two years, it is attached to an even stake. This will not only ensure the formation of a flat crown, but also save the tree from wind gusts.
    6. After planting a tree under it poured a few buckets of water.

    Rational planting apple Honey - is the guarantor of rapid growth and the correct formation of the crown.

    For planting Apple Honey choose a well-lit place

    Honey Apple needs regular care. The rules of care are simple, which allows them to perform even an inexperienced gardener.

    Honey Apple is non-demanding plant. This is explained by the fact that with its root system the tree reaches the groundwater. With a prolonged drought, apple is better to provide watering.

    Depending on the age of the tree, up to 5 buckets of water are poured under it. Watering should be uniform, as the plant does not like the overmoistening of the soil.

    To stimulate plant growth, fertilizers are used, which include nitrogen. Fertilizing the apple tree should be in accordance with the instructions that are on the package with fertilizer.

    Apple tree needs preparation for wintering. A few weeks before the onset of frost, solid fertilizers are laid out within a radius of 10 centimeters.

    In the snowy winter around the trunk of the plant form a snow pile. In winter, young trees are tied to a peg.

    The process of caring for an apple tree Honey is simple, which allows anyone to perform it.

    Honey Apple is undemanding to watering, needs preparation for wintering

    Diseases and pests of apple

    Despite the resistance of apple Honey to pests and diseases, she is sick in a harsh winter.

    That is why for the prevention recommended to hold autumn and spring whitewashing the trunk. In order to avoid scab, wood is treated with insecticides.

    In winter, the bark of the tree is damaged by rodents. That is why tree trunk wrapped with ruberoid or spruce in autumn.

    Reviews of apple growers Medunitsa

    Nikolai: “I grow on my plot 5 trees of apple trees of the Honey variety. She has delicious fruits. Thanks to a rich harvest, not only my family and I enjoy the taste of the fruit, but also other people. In a season, I sell apples on the market and make money. ”

    Ivan: “I like the apple honey tree because it has a rich harvest, which is enough for my entire family. I planted a tree 7 years ago. After two years, it began to bear fruit. The pleasant honey taste of apples was pleasant to me and my family. Next year I plan to plant another tree. ”

    Anna: “I love gardening. I have only good trees in the garden that have delicious fruits. Нашлось место на моем участке и для яблони Медовой. Она каждый год дает мне в августе богатый урожай. Плоды с дерева я снимаю весом до 200 грамм. Мне нравится то, что независимо от погодных условий яблоки крупные и сочные. Я люблю наслаждаться приятным вкусом плодов, особенно с медом. Мне нравится, что яблоня не нуждается в кропотливом уходе».

    Leonid: “Apple Honey has been on my site when I bought it. At first I wanted to cut it, but when it gave a harvest, and I tried apples - I changed my mind, although the tree hinders me a little. Well, delicious apples and pleasant aroma. After harvesting, I still keep them for almost two months, but the taste remains the same - sweet and pleasant. I am pleased with the simplicity in caring for an apple tree. ”

    Medunitsa - universal apple varietywhich is characterized by summer fruiting. The tree is unpretentious to the conditions and has a high yield.

    Caring for an apple tree is simplethat under the power of any gardener.

    Summer apple varieties

    Summer apple varieties ripen early and store little.

    Paping - The apple tree is of medium height, has a round-oval, densely leafy crown. The variety is moderately resistant, resistant to pests and diseases. But the exception is scab, which in rainy years a tree can be quite strongly affected. Apple tree begins to bear fruit on the 4-5th year after planting. The variety produces crops almost every year. The ripeness of the fruit comes in mid-August. The storage time is about 10-15 days. Apples are characterized by very low transportability. The average size of the fruit is 100 grams, it has a rounded conical shape and a seam that is observed over its entire surface. The apple is pale yellow in color and has a sweet and sour taste.

    Melba variety - The apple tree is of medium height, has a widely oval crown. The variety is moderately resistant and is often damaged by scab. Apple tree begins to bear fruit for 5-6 year. The variety produces crops annually. The ripeness of the fruit comes at the end of August. Storage time is about 30 days. Apples are characterized by excellent transportability. The average size of the fruit is 100 - 120 g, it has a rounded conical shape and stripes with a bright red blush, which occupy a significant part of the surface. Apple color is greenish-white. The flesh is white, tender and sweet-sour to the taste.

    Apples Stark Erliest

    Stark erliest - The apple tree is of medium height, has a wide pyramidal compact crown. Winter-hardy, may be slightly affected by scab and powdery mildew. The apple tree begins to bear fruit in the 4th year. The variety produces crops almost every year. The fruits begin to ripen a week earlier than that of Papirovka. Storage time is about 20 days. The average size of an apple is 100 g, it has a rounded conical shape and its entire surface is covered with a bright red diffuse blush. The color of the fruit is greenish-yellow. The flesh is juicy and sweet-sour to the taste. Apples ripen unevenly, because it is better to remove them in 2-3 doses.

    Sort Early Sweet - The apple tree is low-growing, has a flat rounded crown. The variety is hardy and well resistant to scab. For 3-4 year the apple tree begins to bear fruit. The variety produces crops almost every year. The fruits begin to ripen earlier for 10-12 days than the “Papirovka”. The average size of an apple is 90-100 g, it has a flat-rounded shape. The color of the fruit is light yellow. The characteristic of the pulp is white color and sweet taste.

    White Apple Pouring

    Grade White filling - The apple tree is of medium height, has a pyramidal crown in young trees and rounded in adults. The variety is moderately resistant and can easily be affected by scab. For the 2-3rd year, an apple tree grafted on a dwarf rootstock begins to bear fruit, and for 5-6 years on a strong-growing tree. The variety produces crops annually. Fruit ripeness occurs in August. Storage duration is three months. The average size of an apple is 100 g; it has a rounded conical or broadly ovoid shape. The color of the fruit is greenish-yellow. The characteristic of the pulp is its white color, tenderness, juiciness and sweet-sour taste.

    Borovinka - apple of average height. The variety is winter-hardy, it is very strongly affected by scab, and therefore the ripened fruits quickly crumble. Apple tree begins to bear fruit for 5-6 years. The variety produces crops almost every year. Fruit ripeness occurs in August - early September. Apple storage time 2-4 weeks. The average weight of an apple is 100 g, it has a flat-round shape with a striped blush. The fruit is yellow, has a juicy flesh and sour-sweet taste.

    Belle Fler Chinese - tree of medium height. Variety of average yield. The apple tree produces crops almost every year. The average weight of the fruit - 100 g. Apple has a sweet and sour taste.

    Grushivka Moskovskaya - winter hardy variety. Apple tree is high, has a spherical or wide pyramidal crown. Yields almost every year. Removable fruit maturity begins in early August and is not transportable. The average size of an apple is 100 g, it is light white in color, has a juicy flesh and a sweet and sour taste.

    Kitayka Golden Apple Tree

    Chinese Golden - The apple tree is of medium height, has a broom-like crown in young trees and a weeping crown in older trees. The variety is winter hardy and is often damaged by scab. The fruits begin to ripen at the end of July and then quickly fall off. The average size of an apple is 80 g, it has a yellowish color, juicy, with a good sour-sweet taste and a very pleasant aroma.

    Candy Apple - winter hardy variety. For 2-3 years, the apple tree begins to bear fruit on a dwarf rootstock, and by 5 years - on a strongly grown rootstock. The removable maturity of the fruit begins in early August. The average size of an apple is 80-150 g, it has a rounded conical shape. The fruit is green-yellow with brown stripes and sweet in taste.

    Apple Tree Dream - tree of medium height. Winter-hardy, high-yielding, resistant to scab. On the 4th year, the apple tree begins to bear fruit on the seed stock, and on the 2nd year - on the dwarf. The variety produces crops annually. Removable fruit maturity begins in August. The average size of an apple is 200 grams. on dwarf stock and 100-150 gr. on the seed, it has a rounded conical shape and a bright red stroke flush. The fruit is cream-colored and sweet-sour to the taste.

    Mironchik - winter hardy variety. The tree is vigorous, durable, has a high crown. Begin to ripen in mid-August. Their bediness is about 1 month. The average size of an apple is 100 g, it is yellow in color, has a coarse yellow flesh and has a sweet taste.

    Suislep - The apple tree is of medium height, has a rounded, densely leafy, or wide pyramidal crown. Winter-hardy. For 3-4 years, the apple tree begins to bear fruit on a dwarf rootstock, and by 6-7 years - on a very tall one. The removable maturity of the fruit begins in August - early September. The average size of an apple is 100 g, it has a flat rounded shape with a pink striped blush. The apple is white and yellow, has a white, fragrant, fine-grained flesh and has a sweet and sour taste.

    Super Prekos - Apple tree of medium height, compact. At 4-5 year begins to bear fruit apple. The variety produces crops annually. Begin to ripen fruits earlier than the White filling. Apples are deadly and transportable. The average size of the fruit is 60-70 gr., It has a juicy and sweet-sour taste.

    Yandykovskoye - Apple tree is high, has a dense crown. The variety is winter hardy, tolerates drought well and is not damaged by diseases. At 5-6 year begins to bear fruit apple. The variety produces crops annually. The removable maturity of the fruit begins in the third decade of July. Lezhkost apples about 3 weeks. The average size of a fruit is 100-150 g; it has a flat rounded shape, a diffuse striped blush and sweet-sour taste.

    Autumn apple varieties

    Grade Anis Scarlet - The tree is tall, has a wide pyramidal crown. The variety is hardy and drought tolerant, but poorly resistant to black cancer. Apple tree begins to bear fruit for 6-7 years after planting. The removable maturity of the fruit begins in early September. Productivity of a tree is 200-300 kg. Duration of storage of apples until the beginning of winter. The average size of the fruit is 50 - 70 g, it has a flat rounded, slightly ribbed shape. The color of the apple is green with a dark cherry blush and a waxy bloom. And his flesh is juicy and sweet-sour to the taste. The disadvantage of the variety is periodic fruiting.

    Anise striped - Apple tree is tall, has a widely pyramidal dense crown. The variety is hardy and drought tolerant, but fruits and leaves may be affected by scab. At 6-7, the apple tree begins to bear fruit. The variety produces crops annually. The removable maturity of the fruit begins in late August. Tree yield up to 250 kg. Fruits are stored until February. The average size of an apple is 70 g, it has a flattened, rounded or ribbed shape. The fruit is light green in color with a mottled, striped blush, has a white, fine-grained, juicy flesh and a sweet and sour taste. The advantage of the variety is high yield and winter hardiness.

    Anis Sverdlovsk - The apple tree is of medium height, has a compact, sparse crown. The variety is hardy, but can be greatly affected by scab. At 4-5 years old, the apple tree begins to bear fruit. The variety produces crops annually. The removable maturity of the fruit begins in mid-September. Tree yield up to 75 kg.

    Fruits are stored for about three months. The average size of an apple is 90 g, it has a round-oval shape. The fruit is cream-greenish with a red blush, has a white, juicy flesh and has a sweet-sour taste. The advantage of the variety is a good winter hardiness of apples and a great dessert taste of fruits.

    Auksis - The apple tree is of medium height, has a rounded crown of medium density. Winter-hardy, moderately resistant to scab. Apple tree begins to bear fruit for 5-6 years. The variety produces crops annually. Removable fruit maturity begins in September.

    The average size of an apple is 140 g, it has a flattened round or turn-shaped shape. The fruit is light yellow with a red blush, has a yellow, dense, juicy, fragrant flesh and sweet-sour taste. Apples are stored until January, and in the refrigerator until March. The advantage of a grade is good commodity and consumer quality of fruits.

    Apple Baltica - the tree is tall, has a paniculate crown of medium thickness. The variety is hardy and resistant to scab. Fruiting begins apple for 5 year. The variety produces crops annually. The removable maturity of the fruit begins in early September.

    Tree yield up to 200 kg. Fruits are stored for about two months. The average size of an apple is 120 g, it has a round or turn-shaped shape. The fruit is yellow with a striped pink blush, has a white, dense, juicy flesh and sweet-sour taste. The advantage of a grade is good commercial quality of fruits and high productivity.

    Bessemyanka Michurin - Apple tree is high, has a spreading, dense crown. The variety is hardy and well resistant to scab. The apple tree begins to bear fruit for 5-7 years. Removable fruit maturity begins in September. Tree yield up to 130 kg. Fruits are stored until December. The average size of an apple is 130 g; it has a rounded or flat rounded shape. The fruit is greenish yellow with orange, red strokes and stripes. The flesh is greenish-yellow, juicy, tender with a sweet-sour taste. The disadvantage of the variety is the uneven ripening of the fruit - therefore, part of the crop is showered, and the advantage is high-quality fruit.

    Apple Zhigulevskoe - a tree of medium height, has a wide pyramidal, rare crown. The variety is affected by scab. Fruiting begins apple for 5-6 year. The removable maturity of the fruit begins in early September. Tree yield up to 200 kg. Fruits are stored until January. The average size of an apple is 100 g, it has a flat rounded shape. The fruit is golden-yellow with orange or red blush, has juicy flesh and sweet-sour taste. The advantage of a grade is good commodity and flavoring quality of fruits.

    Cinnamon new - The apple tree is high, has a highly rounded, dense crown. Winter-hardy, has good resistance to scab. The apple tree begins to bear fruit for 5-7 years, and gives irregular yields. The removable maturity of the fruit begins in early September. Apples are stored until January.

    The average size of an apple is 130-160 g, it has a flat, rounded, conical shape. The fruit is greenish-yellow with a mottled, striped blush, has a light cream, tender, juicy flesh and a sweet-sour taste. The advantage of a grade is good commercial quality of fruits.

    Cinnamon Striped - The apple tree is of medium height, has a wide pyramidal or rounded crown. Winter-hardy and resistant to scab. Apple tree starts apple tree for 6-8 years. There comes a removable maturity of the fruit in mid-September. Storage time is 2 months.

    The average size of an apple is 80-90 g, it has a flattened, drop-like shape. The color of the fruit is greenish-yellow with dark-red contoured stripes and specks, has a yellow-white, tender flesh and sweet-sour taste. The disadvantage of the variety is its later entry into fruiting.

    Sort Krasa Sverdlovsk - The apple tree is of medium height, has a rounded crown of medium density. Winter-hardy and resistant to scab. Fruiting begins apple for 4-6 years. The fruit comes removable maturity at the end of September. Tree yield up to 70-100 kg. Fruits are stored until March-April. The average size of an apple is 120-160 g, it has a widely rounded or rounded conical shape. The fruit is cream-colored with a crimson-red blush, has a light cream, juicy flesh and sweet-sour taste. The advantage of a grade is good commodity and flavoring quality of fruits, and also their long keeping quality and the increased content of ascorbic acid.

    Oryol garland - Apple is not tall, has a rounded, dense crown. The variety is hardy and resistant to scab. The apple tree starts to bear fruit for 4-5 years. The tree has a high yield. The removable ripeness of apples comes in mid-September.

    Storage time until mid-February. The average size of an apple is 90 g, it has a crown shape. The color of the fruit is golden yellow with a red blush. And its flesh is greenish-white, juicy, tender, fine-grained and sour-sweet in taste.

    Autumn striped - Apple is high, has a widely rounded crown. The variety is moderately resistant, but has good reducing ability and is slightly affected by scab. Apple tree begins to bear fruit for 6-8 years. The removable maturity of the fruit comes at the end of September. Tree yield up to 200 kg. Fruits are stored until November-December. The average weight of an apple is 120 g, it has a rounded conical, slightly ribbed shape. The color of the fruit is light yellow, with mottled, striped blush orange and red. The flesh of the apple is white, tender and sweet-sour to the taste. The advantage of a grade is the good productivity of apples and excellent quality of fruits.

    Apples Riga dove

    Riga dove - The apple tree is of medium height, has a widely rounded, dense crown. The variety is moderately winter hardy and resistant to fruit rot and scab. Fruiting begins apple for 4-6 years. The tree has periodic fruiting. The removable maturity of the fruit begins in mid-September, and within 1-2 months after harvest, consumer maturity begins.

    Apples are kept until December. The average value of the fetus - 120 g, it has an elongated conical shape. The apple, when removed, is greenish-white, and when ripe, a milky-white color with a diffuse blush, has a white, juicy flesh and has a sweet-sour taste. The disadvantage is poor transportability of the fruit.

    September - Apple tree is high, has a pyramidal crown of medium thickness. The variety is hardy and resistant to scab. The apple tree begins to bear fruit for 5-7 years. The removable maturity of the fruit begins in mid-September. Tree yield up to 140 kg. The average size of an apple is 130 g, it has a rounded conical shape. The fruit is greenish-yellow in color with slightly pronounced stripes; it has a yellowish, juicy, tender flesh and has a sweet and sour taste. Apples are stored for 2 months. The advantage of a grade is good quality of fruits.

    Tambov - Apple tree is high, has a spreading, rounded crown of medium thickness. The variety is hardy, has low resistance to scab. The apple tree enters fructification for 5-7 year. The removable maturity of the fruit begins in early September. The yield of wood is good, but irregular. The average size of an apple is 130 g, it has an oval-conical shape with bright red specks. The fruit is light cream in color, has a snow-white, fine-grained, juicy flesh and has a wine-sweet taste. Apples are stored for about 2-3 months. The advantage of the variety is good marketability and excellent taste of the fruit.

    Uralets - The apple tree is high, has a strong, dense, pyramidal crown. Winter-hardy, well resistant to scab. Apple tree begins to bear fruit for 3-4 years. Loose maturity occurs in fruits from late August to early September. Tree yield 70 kg. The average size of an apple is 40-60 g, it has a rounded conical, truncated form with a bright carmine striped blush. The fruit is cream-colored, has a juicy, fine-grained, tender flesh and a sweet-sour taste. Apples are stored for about 2 months. The advantage of a grade is winter hardiness, early fructification and good productivity.

    Ural bulk - Apple is high, has a rounded crown of medium density. Winter-hardy, well resistant to scab. Apple tree begins to bear fruit for 3-4 years. Ripening occurs in fruits in early September. Shelf life of about two months. The average size of an apple is 40 g, it has a rounded shape.

    The fruit is light yellow in color, has a white, juicy, medium-grained flesh and a sweet-sour taste. The advantage of a grade is winter hardiness and good adaptive properties.

    Saffron Saratov - a winter-hardy variety, well resistant to powdery mildew and scab. The apple tree is of medium height, it has a round or wide pyramidal crown of medium thickness. Fruiting begins apple for 5-6 year. The fruits ripen in mid-September. Tree yield is 150 kg. Срок хранения плодов до декабря месяца. Средняя величина яблока 120-160 г, оно имеет удлиненную или округло-коническую форму, с красными крапинами-полосами. Плод желто-зеленого цвета, имеет кремовую, плотную, мелкозернистую, сочную мякоть и кисло-сладкий вкус. Достоинством сорта является хорошее вкусовое и товарное качество плодов.

    Winter apple varieties

    Antonovka ordinary - Apple tree is high, has an oval crown. Winter-hardy, but may be affected by scab. Fruiting begins at 7-8 year. The removable maturity of the fruit begins in mid-September. Tree yield is 200 kg. Fruits are stored for about three months. The average size of an apple is 100 g, it has a round, slightly flattened shape. The fruit is greenish-yellow in color, has a yellow, juicy flesh and a sweet and sour taste. The disadvantage of the variety is the frequency of fruiting the tree and the short shelf life of apples. And advantage - good yield and excellent quality of the fruit.

    Aport - medium-resistant variety. Apple tree is high, has a flat rounded crown. Fruiting begins apple for 5-6 year. The removable maturity of the fruit begins in the second decade of September. The average size of an apple is 220-250 g, it has a wide conical shape with a red blush. Fruits are stored until January-February. The apple is yellow-green in color, has a green-yellow, tender, fine-grained flesh and a sweet and sour taste.

    Aphrodite - Apple is high, has a rounded crown of medium density. The variety is characterized by high winter hardiness, excellent resistance to scab. The fruits begin to ripen on September 15-20. Duration of storage until the end of December. The average size of an apple is 125 g; it has a moderately flattened, widely ribbed form with stripes and specks of dark crimson color. The fruit is greenish-yellow. Its flesh is white, juicy, finely grained and sour-sweet. The advantage of a grade is good commodity and consumer quality of apples.

    Aelita - The variety is characterized by high winter hardiness and excellent scab resistance. The tree is tall, has a wide pyramidal crown of medium thickness. At 5-6 year the apple tree begins to bear fruit. The tree can produce crops annually. Begin to ripen in early September. The yield of apple trees is 140 kg / ha. Fruits are stored until the beginning of January. The average size of an apple is 120 g, it has a rounded conical, regular shape. The fruit is greenish-yellow. Its flesh is juicy, yellow, fine-grained and sweet-sour to the taste. The advantage of a grade is excellent productivity of apples.

    Bezhin meadow - large apple with rounded crown. The variety is characterized by high winter hardiness and excellent scab resistance. The fruits begin to ripen on September 15-20. They are stored until February. The average size of an apple is 150 g, it has an oblong, widely ribbed shape.

    The fruit is yellow-green with a crimson blush. And its pulp is tender, juicy, fine-grained with a sweet-sour taste. The advantage of a grade is productivity and excellent transportability of fruits.

    Belarusian synapse - Apple tree is tall, has a wide pyramidal crown of medium thickness. The variety is characterized by high winter hardiness and excellent scab resistance. The fruits begin to ripen in late September. Storage time until the end of April - beginning of May. The average size of an apple is 100 g, it has an oval shape with a pink-red dull blush on the sunny side. The fruit is greenish-yellow. Its flesh is green, dense, fine-grained and sweet-sour to the taste. The disadvantage of the variety is low juiciness and a satisfactory taste of the fruit. And the advantage - winter hardiness and long-term keeping of apples.

    Berkutovskoe - The apple tree is of medium height, has a rounded crown of medium density. The variety is winter hardy and drought resistant, but can be affected by powdery mildew. Fruiting tree annual. The average size of an apple is 150 grams, it has a rounded shape and dark red stripes all over the fruit. The flesh is greenish-yellow, juicy, dense, fine-grained and sour-sweet in taste. The advantage of a grade is the compact krone, plentiful annual fructification and a good keeping quality of fruits.

    Bogatyr - Apple tree tall, has a sprawling rare crown. The variety is medium resistant, resistant to scab. At 6-7 year begins fruiting, after budding. Fruiting annual. The yield of apple trees is 50 kg. Marketability of fruits about 89%. They are stored for 250 days. The average size of an apple is -100 g, it has a flattened round shape with a noticeable edge on the surface. The fruit is light green in color. Its flesh is white, juicy and sweet-sour to the taste. The advantage of a grade is the plentiful annual productivity and a long shelf life of apples.

    Bolotovskoe - Apple above average size, has a rounded crown. The variety is characterized by high winter hardiness and excellent scab resistance. Loose maturity occurs in the fruit in early September. The yield of the tree is 130 kg / ha. They are stored until mid-February. The average size of an apple is 150-160 g, it has a flat, widely ribbed shape. The fruit is greenish-yellow. Its flesh is green, juicy, dense with a sweet-sour taste. The disadvantage of the variety is the precipitation of fruits, if they start to shoot them late. Advantage - high yield and excellent quality of apples.

    Bratchud - dwarf apple tree, has a flat-circular crown. The variety is winter-hardy, it can be affected by scab For 3-4 years, fruiting begins at the apple tree, after vaccination. Fruiting tree regular. Fruits are stored for 140 days. The average size of an apple is 100 g, it has an oblong-rounded shape. The fruit is greenish-yellow. Its flesh is white, slightly juicy, coarse-grained and sweet-sour to the taste. The advantage of a grade is the high productivity and good commodity and flavoring quality of fruits.

    Bryansk - The apple tree is of medium height, has a rounded middle density crown. Winter-hardy, not sufficiently resistant to fruit rot. For 3-4 years the apple tree begins to bear fruit. The yield of the tree is 270-350 kg / ha. Fruits are stored until February. The average size of an apple is 150 g, and the maximum is 300 grams, it has a round or slightly ribbed shape. The fruit is green. Its flesh is white, juicy and sweet-sour to the taste. The disadvantage of the variety is: short fruit storage period. And with dignity - resistance to scab, yield, not flaking, as well as high commodity and consumer quality of fruits.

    Venyaminovskoe - Apple is large, has a rounded middle density of the crown. Winter-hardy, resistant to scab. The fruits begin to ripen on September 15-20. Tree yield 150 kg / ha. Fruits are stored until February. The average size of an apple is 130 g, it has a medium flattened, conical, widely ribbed or canted shape. The apple is greenish in color, has a white, greenish, dense, coarse-grained, juicy flesh and has a sweet and sour taste. The advantage of the variety is high yield and good commercial quality of the fruit.

    Veteran - tree of medium height, has a spherical, compact crown of medium thickness. The variety is moderately resistant, resistant to scab. At 4-5 year begins fruiting in the apple after planting. The fruits begin to ripen until the end of September and they are stored in the refrigerator until mid-March. Productivity of a tree is 220 c / hectare. The average size of an apple is 100 g, it has a slightly flattened shape. The apple is yellowish-green, has a brownish-yellow, tender, juicy flesh and has a sweet and sour taste. The disadvantage of the variety is shedding the foliage. And the advantage is high yield, suitability for an intensive type garden, good commodity and consumer quality of fruits.

    Vita - The apple tree is of medium height, has a rare, drooping crown. Winter-hardy, resistant to scab. Productivity of a tree is moderate with non-constant periodicity. Begin to ripen in early September. Duration of storage until the end of March. The average size of an apple is 140 g, it has a flat, ribbed, regular shape. The apple is greenish in color, has a dense, greenish flesh and has a sweet and sour taste. The advantage of the variety is the long shelf life of the fruit.

    Vityaz - Apple is large, has a drooping crown. Winter-hardy, resistant to scab. The fruits begin to ripen at the end of September - to the beginning of October and they are stored until May. The average size of an apple is 140 g; it has a conical or rounded conical shape. Apple color is yellowish green. Its flesh is white, juicy and sweet-sour to the taste. The advantage of a grade is high efficiency, long persistence and high quality of fruits.

    Cherry - The apple tree is of medium height, it has a round or flat-round, dense crown. The variety is moderately resistant and also moderately resistant to fungal diseases. Begin to ripen in early September. Storage time until mid-February. The average size of an apple is 115 g, greenish-yellow. It has a white, tender, fine-grained, juicy flesh and sour-sweet taste. The advantage of a grade is excellent dessert taste of fruits and high productivity.

    Star - Apple tree is vigorous, has a wide, spreading, slightly drooping crown. The variety is medium-resistant, resistant to scab of apple trees. At 5-7 year, fruiting begins at the apple, after budding. Fruits are stored until February-March. The tree bears fruit annually. The average size of an apple is 100 g; it has a flattened, rounded shape, with slightly visible ribs. Apple color is light green with a red blush. And its flesh is green, juicy, fine-grained with a sweet-sour taste. The disadvantage of the variety is that the fruits become small with time and therefore you need to do regular pruning. And the advantage is the good taste quality of fruits and their long-term keeping quality.

    Health - The apple tree is of medium height, has a rounded, dense crown. Winter-hardy and resistant to scab. Begin to ripen in early September. Storage time until mid-February. Productivity of a tree is 230 c / hectare. The average size of an apple is 140 g, it has a flattened, regular shape. Apple greenish-yellow color with red speckles and wide blurred stripes. Its flesh is green, juicy, tender, fine-grained and sour-sweet. The advantage of a grade is the high productivity and high quality of fruits.

    Winter striped - The apple tree is of medium height, has an elongated-rounded crown. The variety is moderately resistant, leaves may be affected by scab. Fruiting begins apple tree for 3-4 year. Apples begin to ripen in late September. Duration of storage until the beginning of April. Tree yield 80 kg. The average size of an apple is 140-170 g, it has a flat-rounded or rounded shape. The apple is a greenish-yellow color with red strokes and stripes. And his flesh is cream-colored, loose, juicy, tender, with a sweet-sour taste. The advantage of the variety is the annual fruiting of the tree, long-term persistence, beautiful shape and good taste of the fruit.

    Amazing - The apple tree is of medium height, has a spherical crown. The variety is characterized by moderate winter hardiness and excellent resistance to powdery mildew and scab. At 6-7 year, fruiting begins at the apple. Tree yield 200 kg / ha. The maximum keeping quality of fruits is 250 days. The average size of an apple is 100 g; it has an elongated conical, leveled shape. Apple color is greenish-yellow with red blush. Its flesh is white, juicy, fine-grained and sweet-sour to the taste. The disadvantage of the variety is that it can freeze in the harsh winter. And the advantage is the good quality of the fruits, high yield, fruit transportability and long-term keeping quality.

    Imrus - The apple tree is of medium height, has a rounded crown of medium density. Winter-hardy, resistant to scab. The apple tree begins to bear fruit in the 3rd year. The fruits begin to ripen in mid-September. Duration of storage until the end of February. Tree yield 90 kg / ha. The average weight of an apple is 1 g, it has a flattened, slightly ribbed shape. The color of the apple is green with a red blush. The characteristic of the flesh is its creamy color, juiciness, density and sweet-sour taste. The disadvantage of the variety is that the fruit has a thin peel. And advantage - high yield, long-term preservation, good commodity and consumer quality of the fruit.

    Kandil Orlovsky - the apple tree is medium tall, has a rounded crown with drooping branches. Winter-hardy, resistant to scab. Begin to ripen in mid-September. Storage time until mid-February. The average size of an apple is 120 g; it has a one-dimensional, oblong-conical shape. Apple color is greenish-yellow with crimson blush. And its flesh is white, juicy, fine-grained, tender with a sweet-sour taste. The advantage of the variety is a good commercial and consumer quality of the fruit.

    Dwarf - The apple tree is of medium height, has a rounded, dense crown. The variety is moderately resistant and also moderately resistant to fungal diseases. Fruiting begins apple tree for 3-4 year. Fruits begin to ripen in mid-October and are stored until February. The yield of the tree is not sharply abundant and periodic. The average size of an apple is 130 g, it has a rounded, regular shape. Apple greenish yellow. The flesh is light cream in color, semi-oily and sweet-sour to the taste. The advantage of a grade is the high productivity and a beautiful form of a fruit.

    Karpovskoe - The apple tree is tall, has an oval crown at a young age, and a spherical fruit in a fruiting one. The variety is moderately resistant and may be affected by scab. At 6-8 year begins fruiting in the apple, after budding. The variety is high-yielding, especially in 2-3 years after the start of fruiting, the yield increases very sharply. Fruits are stored in the fruit storage until May. The average size of an apple is 100 g, it has a flattened round shape. The apple is a greenish-yellow color with a deep pink blush. The flesh is greenish, juicy and sour-sweet. The advantage of the variety is high yield, long-term keeping quality and good commercial quality of the fruit.

    Kuibyshev - Apple tree is vigorous, has a widely conical crown of medium thickness. Winter-hardy, not sufficiently resistant to scab and fruit rot. At 5-6 year begins to bear fruit apple. The yield of wood is high. Begin to ripen in mid-September. Storage time until February and longer. The average size of an apple is 110-130 g, it has a flat-rounded, regular shape. Apple yellow color with a red blush. And his flesh is cream-colored, tender, juicy, fine-grained with a sweet-sour taste. The advantage of a grade is annual fructification, high productivity, high quality of fruits.

    Kulikovo - The apple tree is of medium height, has a rounded crown. Winter-hardy, resistant to scab. The yield of the tree is 272 kg / ha. Begin to ripen in late September. Duration of storage until the end of March. The average size of an apple is 100 g, it has a rounded regular shape. The color of the apple is greenish-yellow with a blurry purple blush. The characteristic of the flesh is white and sweet-sour taste. The disadvantage of the variety is the smallness of the fruit, when the tree is overloaded with harvest and there is no pruning. And worth - annual fruiting, high yield, transportability, long-term fruit storage.

    Kurnakovskoe - The apple tree is of medium height, has a pyramidal crown. The variety is resistant to scab, winter-hardy. The apple tree, grafted on inset 3-4-98, is already beginning to bear fruit for 3 years. Tree yield 150 kg / ha. Begin to ripen in late September. Storage time until mid-February. The average size of an apple is 130 g, it has an oblong-conical, slightly ribbed shape. Apple greenish yellow with pink stripes. Its flesh is cream-colored, dense, fine-grained, juicy, tender with a sour-sweet taste. The advantage of a grade is the high productivity, good commodity and consumer quality of fruits.

    Kutuzovets - The apple tree is of medium height, has a flat-rounded, and with age, a spreading crown of medium thickness. The variety is moderately winter hardy and also moderately resistant to scab. At 5-7 year, the apple tree begins to bear fruit from the moment of the growth of the oculist. The yield of the tree is 113 kg / ha. Begin to ripen in late September. Storage time until May. The average size of an apple is 120-130 g, it has a flat-rounded shape. Apple greenish with a striped dull blush. The flesh is white, fine-grained, juicy, dense and sour-sweet to the taste. The advantage of the variety is that it is one of the best winter varieties of apple trees.

    Lobo - The apple tree is of medium height, has a widely rounded, sparse crown. The variety is characterized by moderate winter hardiness and low resistance to powdery mildew and scab. The yield of wood is high and stable. The average size of an apple is 120 g; it has a flattened, rounded, slightly ribbed shape. The apple is yellowish green with a raspberry blush. It is characterized by white flesh, tender, fine-grained, juicy, sweet-sour taste. The advantage of the variety is a stable yield, large-fruited, as well as high commercial and taste quality of the fruit.

    March - The apple tree is fast-growing, vigorous, has a wide pyramidal crown of medium density. Winter-hardy, poorly resistant to scab. Fruiting begins apple for 5-6 year. The fruits begin to ripen in late September. Storage time until March. Tree yield is 110 kg. The average size of an apple is 145 g, it has a flattened round shape. The color of the apple is green with a red blush. And its flesh is green or white, juicy, semi-oily, fine-grained, tender with a sweet-sour taste. Недостатком сорта является то, что дерево большое, не дозревшие плоды, как правило, при хранении покрываются загаром. А достоинством – ежегодное плодоношение, высокая урожайность, удобная для формировки и обрезки крона, а также хорошее товарное качество плодов.

    Московское зимнее — яблоня сильно рослая, имеет раскидистую, широко округлую, густую, сильно облиственную крону. Сорт зимостойкий, устойчив против парши. Плодоносить начинает яблоня на 6-7 год. Loose maturity occurs in the fruit of the end of September. Storage time until April. The average size of an apple is 130 g, it has a one-dimensional, flattened, rounded, regular shape. Apple is a light green color with blurred dark red strokes. Its flesh is light green, medium density, juicy and sweet-sour to the taste. The advantage of the variety is the size, long shelf life, good taste of the fruit.

    Moscow red - The apple tree is low, has a well leafy and dense crown. Winter-hardy, practically not affected by scab. Fruits are stored until May. The average size of an apple is 130-190 g, it has a rounded conical shape. The color of the hearth is greenish yellow with a blurry red blush. The characteristic of the flesh is its yellow color, as well as sweet-sour taste. The dignity of the variety is the long-term persistence, good consumer and commercial quality of the fruit, and the small height of the tree is convenient for an intensive garden.

    Moscow later - the apple tree is very tall, has a young pyramidal crown at a young age and a wide oval later. Winter-hardy, resistant to scab. The apple tree begins to bear fruit for 6-7 years. The fruits begin to ripen in late September. Storage time until May. The average size of an apple is 165-235 g, it has a rounded conical shape. Apple greenish-yellow color with a pink blush. Its flesh is white, juicy, dense, fine-grained and sour-sweet. The disadvantage of the variety is the strong density of the crown. And advantage - long-term persistence, good consumer quality of the fruit.

    Undersized - The apple tree is low, has a flattened crown of medium density. Winter-hardy, moderately resistant to scab. The apple tree starts to bear fruit for 4 years. Tree yield 170 kg / ha. The average size of an apple is 100 g, it has a rounded, flattened shape. The apple is greenish-yellow with red stripes. The flesh is greenish, fine-grained, prickly, dense and sour-sweet. The advantage of a grade is the high productivity.

    Olympic - The apple tree is of medium height, has a rounded crown of medium density. Winter-hardy, moderately resistant to scab. Begin to ripen in late September. Storage time until mid-February. The yield of the tree is 172 kg / ha. The average size of an apple is 100 g, it has a slightly ribbed shape. Apple greenish with brownish-red stripes. The characteristic of the pulp is its green color, tenderness, juiciness and sweet-sour taste. The disadvantage of the variety is that the flesh of the fruit is loose. And advantages - high yield, good commodity and consumer quality of fruits.

    Orlik - The apple tree is medium tall, has a compact rounded crown. Winter-hardy, moderately resistant to scab. The yield of the tree is 220 kg / ha. The removable maturity of the fruit comes at the end of September. Storage time until mid-February. The average size of an apple is 100 g; it has a slightly flattened, slightly conical shape. Apple color is greenish-yellow with red blush. The characteristic of the flesh is its creamy color, density, juiciness, fine grain and sweet-sour taste. The disadvantage of the variety is the partial shedding of the fruit. And advantage - high yield, good taste quality of the fruit.

    Oryol dawn - The apple tree is of medium height, has a back-pyramidal crown. Winter-hardy, resistant to scab. Tree yield 180 kg / ha. The removable maturity of the fruit comes in early September. The average size of an apple is 100-120 g, it has a rounded, flattened, widely ribbed, slightly beveled shape. The color of the apple is greenish-yellow with a bright red blush. The character of the flesh is white color, tenderness, juiciness and sweet-sour taste. Fruits are stored until the end of January. The advantage of a grade is the high productivity, good commodity and flavoring quality of fruits.

    Oryol Polesie - The apple tree is medium tall, has a rounded crown of medium thickness. Winter-hardy, resistant to scab. Tree yield 133 kg / ha. Begin to ripen in mid-September. Storage time until mid-January. The average size of an apple is 140 g, it has an elongated-conical, widely ribbed, beveled shape. Apple greenish-yellow color with red specks and stripes. The flesh is white, coarse-grained, juicy, prickly, dense and sour-sweet. The advantage of the variety is high yield, good commercial quality of the fruit.

    Pepin Orlovsky - Apple is large, has a rounded crown of medium density. Winter-hardy, highly resistant to scab. Tree yield 162 kg / ha. Apples begin to ripen in late September. Storage time until mid-January. The average size of an apple is 140 g; it has a wide conical, widely ribbed shape. Apple color is greenish-yellow with crimson blush. The character of the pulp is its white color, density, juiciness, fine grain and sweet-sour taste. The advantage of the variety is high yield, good commercial quality of the fruit.

    Renet Tatar - The apple tree is of medium height, has a widely rounded, dense crown. Winter-hardy, moderately resistant to scab. Fruiting begins apple tree for 3-4 year. Begin to ripen in late September. Storage time until April. The average size of an apple is 100 g; it has a strongly flattened and broadly conical, slightly ribbed shape. Apple greenish cream color with a pink blush. The characteristic of the flesh is white color, juiciness and sweet-sour taste. The advantage of a grade is productivity and transportability of fruits.

    Freshness - The apple tree is of medium height, has a rounded crown of medium density. Winter-hardy, resistant to scab. Begin to ripen in late September. Productivity of a tree is 187 c / hectare. The average size of an apple is 110 g, it has a flattened, barrel-shaped, widely ribbed, regular shape. The apple is a greenish-yellow color with red strokes and stripes. The flesh is greenish, dense, fine-grained, prickly, juicy and sour-sweet to taste. Apples are kept until May. The advantage of a grade is productivity, high commercial quality of fruits.

    North Synapse - Apple tree is large, very tall, has a wide pyramidal crown of medium thickness. The variety is characterized by medium resistance to powdery mildew, scab, and high winter hardiness. For 5-8 years, the apple tree begins to bear fruit, and on the dwarf rootstock (62-396) it bears fruit in the second year. Removable maturity occurs in the fruit in early October. The average size of an apple is 120 g, it has a rounded conical shape. Apple yellowish green with a red blush. The character of the pulp is white, fine grain, juiciness and sweet-sour taste. Store apples in the refrigerator until May. The disadvantage of the variety is that with a bountiful harvest the quality of the fruit decreases. And advantage - productivity, long persistence, high quality of fruits.

    Apple tree Sinap Orlovsky

    Sinap Orlovsky - The apple tree is very tall, has a widely spreading crown. The variety is characterized by high winter hardiness and excellent scab resistance. At 4-5 year begins to bear fruit apple. The yield of the tree is 170 kg / ha. Loose maturity occurs in the fruit at the end of September. The average size of an apple is 130 g; it has a one-dimensional, oblong, rounded conical shape. Apple color is yellowish-green with a blurry blush. The flesh is greenish-cream color, juicy and sweet-sour to the taste. Apples are kept until May. The disadvantage of the variety is that with a lack of calcium in the soil, the fruits are affected by bitter pitting. And advantage - high yield, long-term preservation, good commodity and taste quality of the fruit.

    Sokolovskoe - Apple tree is a natural dwarf, has a flat-horizontal crown and its maximum height is two meters. Winter-hardy, moderately resistant to scab. At 3-4 year old apple begins to bear fruit after vaccination. Tree yield is 65 kg. The average size of an apple is 120 g; it has a flat rounded shape. Apple color is greenish-yellow with red blush. The characteristic of the pulp is its creamy color, juiciness, fine grain, density and sweet-sour taste. The disadvantage of the variety is that the quality of the fruit decreases with prolonged high summer temperatures and dry air. And the advantage is large fruits, good commercial and taste quality of apples.

    Start - The apple tree is of medium height, has a rounded crown. Winter-hardy, resistant to scab. Removable maturity occurs in the fruit in mid-September. Tree yield 170 kg / ha. The average size of an apple is 140 g, it has an oblong, widely ribbed, beveled shape. The fruit is green with red stripes and speckles. The flesh is greenish, white, dense, coarse-grained, juicy, pricked and sour-sweet. Apples are kept until the end of February. The advantage of a grade is the high productivity and suitability for cultivation in an intensive type garden.

    Stroyev - apple tree of medium height, rapidly growing, has a wide pyramidal crown of medium thickness. The variety is resistant to scab, highly winter-hardy. Removable maturity occurs in the fruit in mid-September. Tree yield 117 kg / ha. The average size of an apple is 100 g, it has a moderately flattened, conical, slightly ribbed, slightly oblique shape. The color of the fruit is greenish-yellow with a crimson blush. The flesh is green, white, dense, coarse-grained, juicy and sweet-sour to the taste. Apples are kept until mid-February. The advantage of the variety is high yield, good commercial quality of the fruit, as well as suitability for growing in intensive type gardens.

    Student - The apple tree is of medium height, has a rounded crown. The variety is moderately winter hardy, resistant to scab. Fruiting begins apple for 5 year. Loose maturity occurs in the fruit at the end of September. The average size of an apple is 120 g; it has a flattened, rounded shape. A greenish apple with a crimson blush and a bluish bloom. The flesh is light green, tender, fine-grained and sweet-sour to the taste. Apples are kept until mid-May. The advantage of a grade is productivity, long preservation, good commodity and consumer quality of fruits.

    Suvorovets - The apple tree is very tall, has a highly rounded, compact, sparse crown. Winter-hardy, resistant to scab. The apple tree starts to bear fruit for 4-5 years. Removable maturity occurs in the fruit in early October. Storage time until mid-December. The average size of an apple is 120 g; it has a flat rounded shape. Apple color is yellowish-green with a blurry blush. And the flesh is pale cream color, juicy, fine-grained, dense and sour-sweet in taste. The disadvantage of the variety is that the taste of the fruit deteriorates in cold, damp summer. And the advantage - abundant yield, long-term persistence, transportability, good commercial quality of the fruit.

    Cliff - Apple is very tall, has a pyramidal crown. Winter-hardy, moderately resistant to scab. At 7-8 year begins fruiting in the apple. Tree yield 80 kg / ha. Removable maturity occurs in the fruit in mid-September. The average weight of an apple is 125 g, it has a flat-rounded, one-dimensional shape. Apple color is yellow-lemon with red blush. And its flesh is cream-colored, fine-grained, tender, medium density, juicy and sour-sweet in taste. Apples are stored until March and beyond. The advantage of a grade is annual fructification and high commercial quality of fruits.

    Welsey - The apple tree is of medium height, has a wide pyramidal crown at a young age, and later a rounded one. The variety is moderately winter hardy, resistant to scab. At 4-5 year, fruiting begins at the apple. Productivity of a tree plentiful. Loose maturity occurs in the fruit at the end of September. The average size of an apple is 100 g; it has a shaped or flattened rounded shape. Apple is yellowish green with dark red stripes. The flesh is greenish, white and sweet-sour to the taste. Apples are kept until the end of February. The disadvantage of the variety is that with abundant crops, fruits begin to shrink and crumble. And advantage - high yield, long-term persistence, transportability and good commercial quality of the fruit.

    Anniversary of Moscow - The apple tree is medium tall, fast-growing, has a rounded crown. The variety is moderately winter hardy, resistant to scab. Tree yield 83 kg / ha. Loose maturity occurs in the fruit on September 15-20. The average size of an apple is 100 g; it has an elongated-conical, widely ribbed, slightly oblique shape. Apple color is greenish-yellow with crimson blush. And its flesh is white, greenish, prickly, dense, coarse-grained and sour-sweet. Apples are kept until the end of February. The advantage of a grade is good commercial quality of fruits.

    We offer you for review photos of other, no less worthy varieties of apple trees. With the help of these photos, perhaps you will be able to identify varieties of apple trees growing in your gardens (if you do not know them yet).

    Description of varieties

    Apple tree The garden is one of the most basic trees needed for a real garden. Everyone knows that for the best ripening and acclimatization of fruit trees, as well as their abundant fruiting, the correct selection of the desired variety is the most important - the varieties which suit these climatic features, soil and place of growth are suitable.

    The average climatic zone is distinguished by frosty winters and a rather low temperature in the cold season, as well as high humidity. Therefore, it is very important for her to choose frost-resistant varieties of any trees, including apple trees.

    To varieties of apple trees that grow best in climatic middle zone This includes apple varieties: Alesya, Antya, Antonovka Dessert, Antonovka New, Antonovka Vulgaris, Summer Arcades, Arkadik, Aphrodite, Aelita, Grandma, Banana, Velvet, Belarusian Synapse, Belarusian Raspberry, Belarusian Sweets, Belfler Chinese, Seedless Michurinian Beaver, Beetroot, Belarusian Raspberry, Belarusian Sweets bogatyr, bolotovskoe, borovinka, boleninka pineapple,

    bratchud (brother of the miraculous), cowberry, bryansk, currency, venyaminovskoe, verbnae, vesyalina, veteran, cherry, mountain-altai, pearka moscow, early pear, darunak, dessert, childish, macintosh daughter, elena, desired, Zhiguli, pyramid , winter undersized, golden autumn, Zorynka, Iksha, IMANT, IMRUS, Kandil Ostrovsky, Cypress, Chinese early golden, Chinese Ker, Kovalenko, carpet, candy, Korean (autumn undersized),

    cinnamon striped, cinnamon new, boxing, beauty of the garden, red summer, Kulikovo, Kurnakovskoye, radiant, fry, mantte, medunitsa, Orlovsky pioneer, Melba, dream, Minsk, memory of Isaev, Moscow (green), Moscow winter, Moscow necklace, Moscow later, nadzeyny, eagle, pouring white, folk, undersized, Olympic, Orlik, Oryol Polesye, autumn scarlet, autumn joy, memory of Tikhomirov, memory of the soldier, memory of Isaev,

    memory Kovalenko, memory of Sikora, memory of Syubarova, papirovka, pepin saffron, pioneer, plastun, gift to the Count, snowdrop, multivitamin, striped Oryol, prompek, president, mundane, rashid, Christmas, Russian, sugar miron, northern synapse, glory to the overworkers ( to the winners), Slav, Slav, Sokolov, sun, stroevskoe, student, suylepskoe, syabryna, tatyanin day, triumph, Ural bulk, delight,

    Welsey, Charavnitsa, Chapnikovskoe, Chelkash, Celandine, Apple Saved, marvelous, crocus, elite 3-5-16 (Isaev's gift), elite 6M-1-3, jubilee biofaka, young naturalist, amber necklace.

    All of these varieties are divided into specific groups, such as summer varieties, late summer varieties, autumn varieties and winter varieties. All varieties of apples differ among themselves by the time of ripening of fruits, their size and taste.

    Apples are useful and rather tasty fruits, rich in vitamins and microelements. These wonderful fruits contain A and C vitamins, B vitamins, iron, flavonoids, fiber, malic and tartaric acid, pectin. All these elements are necessary for the normalization of digestion, growth, normalization of the nervous system, and also contribute to the metabolism and cardiovascular system.

    The taste and size of its fruit, its ripening period and storage time depend on the variety of apple trees. Dwell on the description of the most popular varieties of apples for an average climatic strip.

    Variety Antey has medium flat-rounded fruits (150 g), yellow in color with very juicy white sweet-sour pulp, which has a pleasant faint aroma. Consume the fruits of Anthea from December to April.

    Sort Antonovka the dessert has large flat-rounded greenish-cream-colored fruits with a conical top, with a weight of each fruit about 150-200 g. These are the most juicy sour-sweet fruits that are seasoned in early autumn.

    Antonovka apples common are different, both medium and large (100-250 g). They grow light yellow, sweet-sour taste with very juicy and fragrant pulp.

    The average fetus has apple arcade summerwhich ripen in late summer. Плод отличается стаканчастой формой, которая немного усечено-коническая к верху, зеленовато-желтым цветом, при этом имеет желтовато-белую, довольно сочную мякоть пресновато-сладкого вкуса. Аркада летняя отличается тем, что ее плоды совсем мало (7-10 суток) хранятся в сорванном виде.

    Средний размер имеют скошенные широкоребристые плоды сорта Афродита ( 125 г). Эти зеленовато-желтые яблоки обладают нежной, гладкой, маслянистой блестящей кожицей и плотной белой, с розовыми прожилками мелкозернистой сочной кисло-сладкой мякотью. The fruits ripen in early autumn and store them in the fridge until the end of December.

    Light yellow flat-round Banana variety fruits apples differ in average size (ca. 140g) and a blurred delicate blush on the sides. They have yellowish-white flesh, which is thick, juicy, sweet-sour to the taste. Eat the fruits of this variety in December - May.

    Chinese Belle Fler has large and very large rounded oval, slightly ribbed apples (up to 800g). The fruits of this variety are light green in color, which ripening at first whitens, and then turns pink with red and pink stripes. The fruits are quite juicy, dense, with fine-grained snow-white, sour-sweet pulp and a pleasant taste. Gather the fruits early in the fall, storing them until November.

    Fruit apple trees Veteran ripen in early autumn and stored until early spring. These are large, slightly flattened fruits, slightly conical on top (140-160 g), have a greenish yellow color with specks and orange stripes on a large part. The flesh of the fruit is soft and juicy, brownish-yellow in color, possessing a sweet sourish taste.

    Variety Grushivka Moscow has small fruits (25-50g), forms of flat-rounded ribbed, greenish-yellow color with red-pink specks and stripes. The fruits are very tender and juicy, sweet and sour with a persistent aroma.

    Fruit varieties Zaryanka differ in size larger than the average, rounded in a slightly flattened form, having a light cream color with red stripes and a gentle flush. It has a flesh of white color, sweet sour taste with a pleasant strong aroma.

    Variety Golden Autumn it is distinguished by large light yellow fruits with a white, very juicy, sour-sweet meat. Crop harvested by September and stored for about a month.

    Fruits Chinese early golden roundish, rather small (30-40g), have a golden yellow color with small dots. Their pulp is creamy, juicy, very aromatic, sour-sweet and pleasant to the taste. Collect fruits in July and use for 7-10 days, because they are not stored.

    White filling has medium light, yellowish-white apples, rounded-conical shape. The flesh of the fruit is greenish-white with a sweet-sour taste. Fruit is removed in the middle of summer and stored no more than 15 days.

    Paping It has medium slightly flattened, rounded-conical fruits with a seam, which have a very thin light yellow skin. The flesh of the fruit is white, sweet and sour, has a mild aroma. Fruit is eaten in August. They are stored for a long time - only 14-15 days.

    Fruit Slavyanka have excellent taste and fairly dense, shiny, very oily, golden-yellow skin. These are low-ribbed flat-rounded fruits of medium size with sweet juicy white flesh, which are torn in the middle of autumn and stored until the middle of winter, or even March.

    Fruits Saffron varieties - These are large homogeneous round-conical fruits with wide ribs. Apples have a greenish-yellow color, with a rich blush on the whole fruit. Their flesh is slightly greenish, juicy, pleasant sweet with a sour taste. Ripen apples in the middle of autumn and stored until mid-February.

    All trees of fruit trees differ among themselves in the form of crown, height of growth, taste of fruits and the term of their ripening. In order to choose the right apple tree, you need to know exactly what your garden needs and what shape and size of the tree will be suitable for it.

    Distinguish Cordon and Colony-shaped trees, they occupy a minimum area in the garden, dwarf-shaped trees, which occupy medium and small areas, as well as medium and tall trees, which occupy large and medium areas. From what size of the planting area, will depend on what size and shape of the crown you choose a tree.

    disadvantages

    Among the common shortcomings of apple fruit trees for the middle climatic band are their instability against scab diseases, which greatly damages the tree and may even lead to its death. Among the disadvantages of this species, it should also be noted the poor tolerance of low temperatures, which, as a result, requires the protection of these fragile trees from frost.

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