Cucumbers plant everything, well, or almost all summer residents. As a rule, standard options are used for this - open beds on the street, planting in greenhouses or greenhouses. But the possible ways are not exhausted there, savvy and economic gardeners manage to use the most non-traditional objects for these purposes. Unusual methods of growing cucumbers are used, as a rule, in conditions of limited land area, or to facilitate care procedures..
Growing in packs
This unusual way will appeal to those who do not have large-scale personal plots and save on each square meter of space. You will need: several dense plastic bags (their capacity can be different - from 5 liters to 70-80), a prepared soil mixture, a wooden stick with a place to fix the rope and, in fact, cucumber seeds planned for planting.
In our example, we take for the basis of the container in the form of a 70-liter garbage bag. In the center we will install a rail with fasteners from above so that the ropes can be fastened. Cucumber seeds should be planted not only on the top of the bag with open ground, but also at the edges, for this you need to carefully cut off small triangles from the sides and literally press the seed into the soil. In our case, the number of seeds that can be planted in one packet is approximately 10-15, three seeds can be planted in the upper part, the rest - in the side cuts.
Growing different varieties of cucumbers in packages has its own characteristics and rules that must be followed:
- Cucumbers in the package should be placed steadily, without the risk of overturning. To ensure a stable vertical position of the bag, it is recommended to pre-dig a hole for it.
- The polyethylene of which the container is made must be very dense, otherwise gaps in the process of growing cannot be avoided.
- Tying cucumber seedlings is made after the appearance of the first 5-6 sheets.
- The use of drip irrigation is recommended. To do this, insert tubes with holes into the soil and pour the required amount of warm water through them, this will provide the necessary liquid access to the entire space evenly.
Last summer I tried in buckets. We have a terrible shortage of space. All gone. In June there was a lot of rain and my cucumbers in buckets were completely flooded ((
in buckets it is good if they are covered. if on the street, it is better to have bags and make holes in them from the bottom. and be sure to put drainage.
Yes, I understood too. Drainage was, there were no holes. Need to try the bags.
I want to plant in a large construction bag, fill it with all sorts of things and shed Baikal, it seems to me that the bucket is not enough for cucumbers .. but cucumbers in September is a class
do not forget to insert the bottle, otherwise you will not spill the bag. Neighbor in sugar bags planted. without a bottle do not spill the bag. And fertilizer is easier to pour in.
I had a bucket in a greenhouse between the beds, if there was a bag, then there would be no way to go. on the other hand, a sack of potatoes (unplanned, then they could not endure) settled in my unscheduled manner, also did not get through.
and put dandelions on the bottom with roots, only to finish at least a day. I put it, but again this is a bucket, you will not impose much.
we in cucumber greenhouse cucumbers until October were tearing from those in baclashki.
Which varieties to choose
From the number of modern varieties scatter eyes. To stop the choice on any one is quite difficult. What is the difference varieties?
The first difference in maturity:
- early cucumbers have a growing season of 32-40 days,
- average maturity - 40-50 days,
- late varieties will grow 50 days after germination.
The second difference in the type of pollination:
- self-pollinated (in one flower there is a pistil and stamen, they self-pollinated),
- parthenocarpic (ovary develops itself, without pollination),
- bee pollinated.
The third difference in size and purpose of the fruit:
- canning, pickling,
In addition, varieties differ in yield, planting place, type of fruiting, shape and color of fruits, mode of growth, degree of branching, stalk size, resistance to diseases and other characteristics.
For growing cucumbers in a container or bucket, hybrid varieties that have the following parameters are the most suitable:
- early ripening,
- prolonged fruiting
- fruits of salad or universal taste, small in size, without bitterness,
- bush or short stem varieties,
- female type of flowering
- resistant to major diseases.
- F1 Moscow Delicacy,
- F1 tomboy
- F1 cellar,
- F1 Dasha.
They give very tasty greens, fruiting begins on day 36, yields up to 17 kg from a bush.
Selecting the desired characteristics, do not forget about the advantages and limitations of the selected varieties. For example, bush varieties grow in length by 50 cm, short-stem varieties - up to 80 cm. The yield of this group of cucumbers is average, the fruiting is very friendly, but short - for three weeks.
Important! Early varieties quickly ripen, but have a short period of fruiting.
If you need an early harvest in a bucket, then the early varieties are suitable. If you need fruiting for the whole season (planting on the balcony), then it is worth sowing varieties of average ripening time.
Cucumber seeds have the following peculiarity - the longer they are stored, the more they have female flowers that bear fruit. Therefore, it is better to take the seeds of 3-5 years old, if the varieties are grown in their garden. Seeds of hybrids are bought in stores, they do not inherit varietal characteristics.
Before planting, the seeds are soaked in a solution of trace elements for 12 hours: 100 grams of boric acid, copper sulfate, manganese sulfate are dissolved in a liter of water. After soaking the seeds are dried to flowability.
Planting seeds to a depth of 3 cm, before germination, the soil should be constantly wet. Cucumbers germinate at a temperature of + 18 ° C.
Planting in buckets is needed mainly for early harvest. Therefore, cucumber seedlings are prepared in advance, planting not three seeds, but three-week-old seedlings in a tank.
It is necessary to calculate the time of planting so that sprouted cucumbers grow at a comfortable temperature. At the beginning of their growth should be covered at night with a film or a cut off bottle.
How to plant cucumbers in a bucket
The minimum amount of buckets for planting cucumbers - 5 liters. But it is better to take more capacity, standard bucket of 10 liters.
The important point is the preparation of suitable land for the growth of cucumbers. You can not fill the soil with plenty of fertilizer and forget about cucumbers until the end of the season. It does not tolerate a high concentration of fertilizer in the soil.
The above-ground mass of cucumber is huge, for its growth and fruiting requires the constant availability of nutrients in the upper layer. Therefore, fertilizers in the bucket with the plant are made often and little by little.
At the bottom of the bucket it is necessary to drill holes for water flow. Bottom fall asleep gravel for drainage. Next, you need to pour a layer of organic matter, which, when distilled, will release heat, and give nutrients to the soil. This may be a layer of last year’s leaves, hay, kitchen waste, manure.
A loose and nutritious soil is prepared from soddy soil, peat, sand, sawdust and humus, taken in equal quantity. A glass of ash is added, everything is mixed and poured into a bucket.
Spilled ground is spilled with hot water for compaction and disinfection.
2-3 seeds of seeds that have been seeded are sown in each bucket. From above the bucket is covered with a film before germination. If all the seeds come up, the excess can be transplanted. With one real leaf, seedlings tolerate transplant well.
You can cut two seedlings near the leaves and grow two additional roots with the main stem of the left seedling. This technique will strengthen the roots and provide an early harvest.
For early harvest, it is better to plant a three-week seedling in a bucket.
Features care for plantings
The main feature of cucumbers is that this is a very thermophilic culture. A native cucumber from India, he does not tolerate any frost. They plant cucumbers in the second half of May, when the weather is warm.
The best temperature for seed germination is + 25-30 ° C. Growing and fruiting cucumber requires a temperature of 18–28 ° C during the day, at night - up to 12 ° C.
In the buckets, supports are installed in the form of stakes with a height of 1–1.5 m, or the plants are tied up with cords fixed at a height of 2 m.
Cucumber is a light-loving plant, therefore its cultivation does not allow shading of plantings.
For normal growth and fruiting cucumber requires a large amount of moisture. He loves watering and under the root, and on the leaves. In hot weather, lash plants need daily watering with warm water and regular sprinkling. The fact that the cucumber lacks moisture is immediately visible on its leaves, they droop.
We must choose varieties that do not give bitterness with insufficient watering.
Moreover, this is a moisture-loving plant, the cucumber does not tolerate the overmoistening of the soil and dies when the water stagnates near the roots. Therefore, the ground in the bucket should be light and allow water to flow well.
Top dressing done 2-3 times per season:
- with the appearance of two true leaves,
- before the start of fruiting,
- during a massive harvest of fruits.
You should not use mineral fertilizers, it is better to pour cucumbers with extract of mullein, bird droppings, weeds, ashes or yeast solution.
Considering all the biological features of the development of cucumbers, it is necessary to choose the location of the buckets in which the vegetable grows in a well-lit place.
Planting cucumbers in buckets gives a wonderful harvest with proper care. Cucumber has surface roots, it does not require a large amount of soil. It is much more important to provide the vegetable with enough heat, light and moisture.
Harvesting usually begins in early July and continues until frost. When grown in a bucket, you can expect to receive the first harvest of greens already in June.
Important! Growing cucumbers in small containers has long been practiced in China. The advantages of this method - getting a big harvest from a small area.
Advantages and disadvantages of the method
Growing cucumbers in a bucket is used infrequently, mainly as an experiment.
The advantages of this method are as follows:
- the location of the container is not related to the beds, it can be placed on the balcony, near the gazebo and in any convenient place,
- the care of each plant is individual and very thorough, so the harvest will be generous,
- with this method of planting receive an earlier harvest,
- if cucumbers are planted in a bucket on the balcony, they get ecologically clean fruits grown without the use of chemicals,
- no need to worry about crop rotation and predecessors,
- it is convenient to care for plants and protect them from pests and diseases.
The disadvantage of the method can be considered only a small number of plants grown in this way, insufficient to obtain a full-fledged crop that would provide all the needs. After all, you cannot plant 30-50 cucumber buckets and look for a suitable place for them.
Plant a plant in a limited amount of soil can only be subject to constant care of him. If you come to the country once a week, then the ground in the bucket will dry out and the plant will die.
The advantages of growing cucumbers in buckets
First, we will focus on the advantages of planting cucumbers in a bucket. First of all, you get an environmentally friendly product. You know for sure that no hazardous substances have been used in its cultivation. You also reduce the time and effort to care for the beds. At the same time constantly have a fresh product in the right quantity.High yield is achieved due to the appropriate location of the bucket with cucumbers. It can be placed in a place that is well suited for lighting or rearranged to another, if required.
Regardless of the amount of precipitation, the soil condition is maintained in sufficient moisture and friability. Fertilizers are applied without waste, and the cucumbers themselves in the garden always remain clean.
An important advantage is that in such a state cucumber is rarely exposed to diseases and pests. The soil in which the cucumbers grew can be left for the winter with plant residues. Then in the spring you will have well-fertilized land, ready for use.
What varieties of cucumbers is better to choose for growing in buckets
So, is it possible to grow cucumbers in a bucket and what are the advantages of such a decision, we figured out. Now let's define which varieties of cucumbers feel better at such cultivation and give greater yields.
For such methods of gardening recommend choosing medium varieties or bush varieties. They have a small root system that requires a bit of space, so the bucket’s volume is enough for it.It is also recommended to pay attention to self-pollinating varieties and parthenocarpic hybrids. In the first case, you do not have to take care of the ovaries, which is very important when growing plants on the balcony, where insects rarely fly.
In the latter case, cucumbers develop independently, which is also very convenient.
Growing cucumbers in buckets: features of care
The peculiarity of caring for such cucumbers is that they do not need to be pinched or weeded. It saves time and strength of the summer resident. You need to put the container on the east or south side, because the plant loves a lot of light.
With a lack of lighting, it stretches out and badly sticks. Therefore, if it is not possible to place a bucket on the sunny side, the young plant will have to organize artificial lighting.
Watering is carried out through the tank installed in the bucket. It is only important to ensure that the soil does not dry out. In a bucket where space is limited, this happens much faster than on a bed. Remember that it is necessary to fill in water in capacity only warm and otstoyannuyu.After the appearance of 5 - 6 leaves on sprouts in the ground, you can add a little humus. When the ovaries begin to appear on the plant, it must be fed. To this end, 100 g of wood ash are stirred in a liter of water, and this mixture is poured onto moist soil.
Periodically, after watering, the soil should be loosened closer to the stem, and then spud. This will help the stalk to hold tight and not to stoop.
You can shoot ripe cucumbers at almost any time. It all depends on what size of vegetable you prefer to eat. Remove them as needed, but in the period of mass fruiting, this procedure is performed every two days. Otherwise, instead of small crunchy cucumbers, you can get huge "zheltyaki."
Remove the cucumber from the scourge so that the fruit stem remains on it. It is better to do this with a knife, because if you pull off, break off, twist the stem, you can damage and weaken the plant. Arrange the growth of cucumber so that to remove the cucumbers do not have to twist the loop.
During harvest, pay attention to whether there are damaged ovaries on the plant: stained, scratched, hooked. These need to be removed in advance so that they do not pull the plants onto themselves.To remove vegetables from the loops is better in the evening or early in the morning when the sun is not too scorching. Harvest should be immediately hidden in the shade or in a cool place. It is already stored for a relatively short time. But if you want to save the crop, you can pickle cucumbers or pickle.
Such a popular garden plant, like cucumber, can be grown not only in the garden. Having dropped it in the bucket, you can, with a minimum of care, get fresh vegetables to the table at any time during the growing season.
The most difficult thing in this method is the preparation of the soil, but it is also inherently simple. Therefore, if you have a small place near the sunny side, take the opportunity and place a bucket with planted cucumber seeds there. The result will exceed all expectations!