General information

How to deal with ear mite in rabbits?

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


Rabbits are cute and affectionate animals, which many people prefer to start at home, they are also used in agriculture for breeding, their meat is valued for the high level of nutrients and good nutritional value.

Particular attention when breeding rabbits should pay for their health. Eggs, especially the ear mite, are common in rabbits. This disease requires special attention, because if it is not noticed in time, there can be serious problems with the health of the animal.

general information

Psoroptosis is an ear mite that often affects the ears of domestic rabbits. The causative agent of this disease is an oval yellowish tick. During infection with this disease, the pathogen spreads from the inner walls of the auricle to the ear canal and middle ear. The disease can pass from adult rabbit to young individuals.

The rabbit can infect the ear tick upon contact with already ill individuals. Infection usually occurs through the scales of the skin, dandruff, which can crumble along with parasites.

Rabbit ears can be affected by various diseases in the presence of the following adverse factors:

  • crowded content
  • if there is poor feeding, which contains low-vitamin-feed mixtures,
  • high level of humidity
  • helminthiasis and other infectious diseases.

The most pronounced signs of psoroptosis appear in spring and autumn.

The disease psoroptes in rabbits causes severe discomfort. It can be accompanied by various unpleasant symptoms that greatly impair the life of the animal.

Special attention should be paid to the following symptoms of ear mites in rabbits:

  • the rabbit scratches his ears,
  • the animal can strongly comb the skin around the ear, often before the appearance of wounds with blood,
  • the surface of these parts of the body can burn strongly. If you have a question, why the ears are burning in the rabbit, then this may indicate that the animal has the disease psoroptosis,
  • he becomes restless
  • starts to shake her head,
  • the animal may rub against the surface of the walls of the room in which it lives.

All of the above symptoms usually occur at the initial stage, after the incubation period. It usually lasts from 1 to 5 days.

Note! During combing, the reddened skin begins to crack, and wounds appear. An infection can enter the wounds, which can lead to a secondary infection.

In the absence of proper treatment, as a result of inflammation in the ear of the animal, otitis media can begin, as a secondary disease in psoroptesis. As a result, there is a disorder of the central nervous system. At this stage, the animal is useless to treat, the treatment will not give a positive effect.

At occurrence of symptoms of an ear mite, it is recommended to conduct a thorough examination of the auricles of pets. In healthy rabbits, they are usually clean, smooth, have a slightly glossy surface. If there are small red bumps, then you should be alert. To confirm the diagnosis of scraping the contents of the auricle

When the diagnosis of psoroptosis is confirmed, these areas with inflammatory process turn into a collection of a large number of bubbles. Inside them is observed the contents of the yellow liquid. After a while the blisters begin to grow, and then they burst. From open wounds, fluid flows out, which subsequently forms a crust on the surface of the auricles.

If you do not carry out the appropriate treatment, the sores in the ears grow. Plaque with a cortical structure can form on the entire inner surface of the hearing organs, and in a further period, swelling appears on the eyes. In the area of ​​the external auditory canal accumulates sulfur, purulent discharge. All this causes a dense blockage of the aisles.

All these signs appear in advanced cases, it is recommended to contact a veterinary specialist much earlier. During the examination, the doctor usually takes a scraping from the surface of the affected skin, conducts a thorough examination of it and, based on the data obtained, prescribes the necessary therapeutic therapy.

Interesting! Sometimes you can make a diagnosis yourself at home. To do this, take a scraping from the affected area and place it under a layer of vaseline oil. After that, you can view through a magnifying glass. If there is a disease psoroptosis, then it will be possible to notice the movement of ticks. However, you need to have very good eyesight, since the size of the ear mite is not more than 0.8 mm.

How to properly treat

If it is determined that there is an ear mite in rabbits, it is recommended to carry out treatment in a timely manner. Therapy is usually long, during which regular checkups are performed and the healing process is monitored.

In order to completely eliminate ear scabies in rabbits, it is necessary to carry out treatment with the necessary recommendations:

  • On the surface of the auricle with a crust is required to apply a mixture of glycerin and iodine with an alcohol base. This will lead to the disintegration of scabs. For the preparation of glycerin and iodine are used in a ratio of 1: 4,
  • further removal of the sodden crust,
  • once a day, instillation of Amitrazine is carried out in the ears. Be sure to bury this medicine once, no more, otherwise severe burns may occur.

Cleaning and washing is recommended before each treatment of the auricles. But often one treatment is enough, after it all manifestations of the ear tick begin to heal. But sometimes it may require re-processing.

For the treatment of ears, you can use different forms of medicines - aerosols, ointments, sprays.

The most popular medications for the treatment of psorostosis include the following:

Treatment of the ears with these preparations is recommended once every 5-7 days. If treatment therapy is started on time, then all unpleasant manifestations will completely disappear and complete recovery will occur.

Folk treatment

To eliminate the scab sometimes folk methods are used. These methods are used by many experienced breeders, and they provide good results. Often, for the treatment they make a mixture, which consists of three products - kerosene, turpentine and vegetable oil. All these components are taken in equal quantities. Turpentine acts as the main active ingredient of the finished therapeutic mixture, which undiluted irritates the skin.

Use the drug should be in accordance with the following recommendations:

  1. For processing should use cotton buds and a gauze swab, which is pre-wound on the splinter,
  2. Next, dip cotton wool or tampon in the finished therapeutic mixture and proceed to the treatment,
  3. It is recommended to treat the affected areas with scabs with special care. When lubricating produce massaging movements, so that the medicine is absorbed.

This method of treatment can be applied in the later stages of the disease. If after treatments there is no positive result, then in about 2-3 days you can resort again to this method of medical therapy.

By the same principle, it is possible to apply home treatment using camphor oil. This remedy is recommended to be applied on the affected areas every day. Treatments are performed until the animal is fully recovered.

Important! We must not forget that the popular methods of treatment is not evidence-based medicine, and veterinarians do not guarantee a positive result and the absence of side effects. If symptoms of the disease appear, you should contact your veterinarian.

Features of prevention

The disease is always easier to prevent than to treat it. In order for rabbits to always be healthy and as rarely as possible to encounter a scabies tick, the following preventive measures are required:

  • it is necessary to regularly conduct a thorough examination of the ears of rabbits,
  • disinfect the instruments with which the animal frequently contacts,
  • it is desirable to disinfect rabbit cage as often as possible. It is recommended to do this at least twice a year, but more is possible.
  • after feeding, cleaning and other manipulations with sick animals, be sure to thoroughly wash their hands,
  • if animals are recently acquired, it is better to deposit them in a separate cage for quarantine for approximately 20 days,
  • pregnant females should be carefully examined 2 weeks before giving birth,
  • Do not forget to carry out the breeding of flies, midges, mice, fleas. All these parasites are active carriers of tick-borne eggs.

It should be borne in mind that the itch mite does not withstand cold temperatures. In the cold, he quickly dies. But at the same time, rabbits do not tolerate frost, so this method of dealing with this parasite will not work. The main thing is to properly follow the rules of care and constantly monitor the condition of pets. Regular examination of the ears can prevent the occurrence of this disease in the very early stages.

Psoroptosis pathogen and routes of infection

The ear tick has an oval body shape, light brown, yellowish color. The size of the parasite is 0.5–0.8 mm. Lives inside the auricle of rabbits. In the process of vital activity, he makes moves where the female lays eggs, from which the offspring appear.

As a rule, the ear mite is diagnosed in young rabbits at the age of 3-4 months. Babies parasite is transmitted from the mother rabbit. At risk are animals that have been weakened and have had viral infections, individuals that are kept in adverse conditions.

Adults infect mainly through contact. At the same time, dangerous tick-borne parasites can be found on clothes, shoes of a person, household items, and inventory.

Ear ticks also infect other warm-blooded animals - cats, dogs, so rabbit infection with psorioptic infections can also occur when in contact with other pets. This is especially true of decorative animals that are contained in the home.

Favorable factors for the development of parasitic disease include:

  • non-observance of sanitary and hygienic conditions in cells,
  • unbalanced poor diet,
  • crowded animals,
  • high humidity.

Penetrating into a favorable environment for themselves, namely in the ears, mites in rabbits can cause ear scabies, otitis, meningitis, a brain tumor. Therefore, the disease should not be left without treatment. Severe form can cause the death of fluffy wards.

Clinical manifestations

As a rule, psoroptosis is most often diagnosed in early spring, in the autumn-winter period. The rabbit infected with ear mite shows anxiety in the early stages of the disease, shakes ears, twists its head, rubs against various objects.

Important! The incubation period for this disease lasts from three to five days. Initially, the site of the tick bite is inflamed. Small red tubercles appear, from which the ichorum flows. Sulfuric lumps accumulate in the ear canal.

As the disease progresses in rabbits, adult pets notice the following symptoms:

  • a slight increase in body temperature
  • red blisters on the inner surface of the ear,
  • severe weight loss
  • deterioration of the general condition
  • partial loss of hearing, hearing loss,
  • decreased activity
  • hot to the touch ears
  • reduced hearing,
  • unpleasant smell from the ears.

Dark crusts, scabs, sulfur accumulation are visible in the rabbit's ears. Appetite reduced or absent altogether. Rabbits become inactive. Constantly sit in the cells in one place. The animals are tormented by severe itching, therefore wounds, scratches, bleeding sores, scratches appear through the ears, through which pathogenic flora can penetrate into the organism of animals, infection. Sulfur accumulates in the ear canal, which causes hearing loss in rabbits.

Ear tick reduces immunity, body resistance in rabbits. Perhaps the development of other diseases of various etiologies and genesis. With a strong infection from the ear mite, small rabbits can die. The disease in children develops rapidly.

Rabbits can refuse to mate, the bunnies do not allow the males to stop caring for their offspring.

In order to prevent the parasite from penetrating into the middle, inner ear, treatment must begin as soon as you notice the first symptoms of psoroptes in rabbits, adult rabbits. Ear tick can cause the death of all livestock.

Home Treatment Methods

Before the choice of medical therapy, diagnostics are mandatory. For research, a scraping is taken from the diseased ear and examined under a microscope.

To determine that the rabbit is sick psoroptosis can also be at home. Take an abrasive scraping from the patient's ear with a sharp sterile instrument. Place the sample on the glass. Heat vaseline oil to 40 degrees, then drip it on the sample. View it under a magnifying glass, magnifying glass. You can see scabies mites, their eggs, developing larvae. At high temperatures, parasites are active.

In the therapeutic treatment of psoroptosis in rabbits, medical preparations and alternative medicine are used. Before treatment, the ears of a fluffy pet must be cleaned from sulfur, dirt, scabs, crusts, using hydrogen peroxide, any other antiseptic solutions.

The following medications will help cure rabbits for psoroptosis:

  1. Ivermectin. Sold by injection. Rabbits put injections subcutaneously.
  2. Stronghold. Universal highly effective insekto-acaricidal drug of complex action. Kills parasites at all stages of their development. The result can be seen after the first application.
  3. Butok-50 in ampoules. Ears irrigate the prepared solution. One ampoule needs to be dissolved in a liter of water.
  4. Healing drops for animals "Dekta". They have acaricidal, anti-inflammatory effects. Buried in the ears of a sick rabbit.

From the tick ear helps well: Akrodeks, Dikrezil, Tsiodrin.

In the treatment of psoroptosis in rabbits, you can use special aerosols, spray based on chlorophos, cyodrin, neocidol, sulfidophos. Sprays for a second need to be sprayed near the rabbit's ears, about 15 cm from each ear. The air flow should be directed inside the auricle.

Folk remedies

In combination with primary therapy in the treatment of ear mites in rabbits, alternative medicine techniques can also be applied. The most effective means - camphor oil, turpentine. Camphor is excellent at the initial stage of the development of a parasitic disease.

Oil is drawn into the syringe. After clearing the ears from contamination with a cloth moistened with hydrogen peroxide, it is poured onto the inner surface of the auricle. To soften the skin of the ear, lubricate the scabs with a mixture of kerosene, turpentine, creolin, vegetable oil.
Camphor oil is not diluted before use, but turpentine must be diluted with any vegetable oil in the ratio of two parts of oil and one of turpentine.

The procedure is performed once and repeated after 2–3 weeks. This is necessary so that all the parasites that live in the ears of furry pets are destroyed.

Psoroptosis prevention

To avoid infection of rabbits with psoriopis, it is necessary to disinfect cells, feeding troughs, implements, and household items in a timely manner. Pay attention to the diet of fluffy wards, make sure that with rabbits feed, adult rabbits receive all the necessary minerals and vitamins. Supplement your diet with mineral, vitamin supplements, premixes. Keep clean, hygiene ears fluffy animals.

Board! Specialists recommend treating females even in the absence of obvious clinical manifestations of the disease. Preventive treatment is carried out about two weeks before the birth of baby rabbits.

It is very important to create optimal temperature conditions for rabbits. Keep track of the humidity, cleanliness of litter in cages, rooms where pets are kept. When the first symptoms of psoroptosis appear in rabbits, consult with a veterinarian regarding treatment, choice of drugs. The disease is easier to cure in the early stages of development.

Psoroptosis in rabbits - what an ear tick looks like

In rabbits, an ear mite is provoked by a skin mite - psoroptes cuniculi. The size of the parasite varies in the range of 0.5-0.9 mm, the body is yellow, sometimes with a touch of brown, has the shape of a rounded oval.

It is difficult to see ticks with the naked eye, it is better to use a magnifying glass

Jaws are long and strong. which allows to pierce the epidermis and suck the intracellular and tissue fluid. Along the edges are 4 pairs of legs.

Insect lives in the rabbit auriclemoving and piercing the skin, damaging the tissues, irritating the nerve receptors with bristles on the legs, which causes severe itching.

Состояние эпидермиса ухудшает токсическое вещество, которое выделяют клещи при укусах, вызывая аллергическую реакцию.

As a result, the skin in the ear becomes inflamed, local nutrition is reduced, and recovery processes are disturbed.

There is a rebirth of cells in the cornified scaly particles. Pathogens that provoke suppuration penetrate the wounds.

Important! Psoroptosis can occur at any time, but outbreaks of ear scabies in rabbits occur predominantly during periods of cooling.

All age groups are susceptible to the disease, more often the infection is detected in adults, the young and the rabbits are less likely to get sick. The young are infected from the mother when the pathogen moves from the rabbit's ears to offspring.

How rabbits catch ear mite, how it develops

Source of infection - a rabbit infected with scabies, with its ears, simultaneously with peeled flakes of skin and scabs, mites fall out and move to healthy animals.

Rabbit ear mite

Infection occurs:

  • on close contact,
  • through objects, bedding, feeders, owner's clothes, inventory,
  • during transplantation of healthy rabbits into the room where the sick individuals were kept.

In rare cases, cats or dogs that accidentally became infected in a dysfunctional household can bring in insects.

Favorable factors for the development of the disease:

  • crowded cage
  • humidity,
  • rearrangement of animals
  • malnutrition.

Important! Hidden carriage plays a significant role in the spread of infection, when imagoes and nymphs live in the outer ear of seemingly healthy rabbits.

If an optimal environment occurs to continue the cycle, arthropod parasites are activated, causing an outbreak of disease in the herd.

Development phases

When the mites penetrate the skin of the ear, they begin to actively proliferate, one female reproduces up to 60 eggs, which are glued to the skin scales with the uterine secretion.

The further life cycle includes the following phases of development:

  • Larva. Has 6 legs, comes out on average 4 days later. Shedding occurs in 2-3 days.
  • Protonymph This is the nymph of the next stage.
  • Teleonymus. Preparatory stage for puberty.
  • Imago Males become mature 2 days earlier than females.

With sufficient temperature and humidity, the developmental periods for males are limited to 14 days, females mature in 16. The parasite lives on the skin of a rabbit for 2 months.

It is best to contact a veterinarian to confirm the diagnosis. Hrunya.ru - your indispensable assistant on the farm.

With males of the second phase, the males create copulative pairs, holding the insect with their feet. Fertilization occurs at the time of the release of females from the shell teleonymously.

Seeding ticks are dangerous in spreading the disease.

It is interesting! The duration of the transformation phase from egg to adult insect is determined by the temperature and humidity of the environment. At + 35 ° C and low humidity, the life cycle is extended to 55 days.

Does the scabies mite live in the rabbit's ears?

In rabbits, skin parasites are localized and reproduce directly in the ears, but sometimes they crawl out onto the body and stay there for some time, and then transfer to other animals.

Ticks are found on the skin of the neck and back, the limbs with a strong spread, where they fall due to scratching.

It is interesting! Attachment to a hare-like habitat on the body is assumed to be associated with slight sweating in this area.

How to understand that a rabbit has become infected with psoroptosis - an ear mite

Infection with a parasite causes discomfort, so the host determines infection by the following features:

  • pets often itch
  • rub the front paws of the ears,
  • shake your head
  • there is an increased accumulation of sulfur in the ears, which distinguishes the disease from frostbite.

Examination of the animal reveals scratching around the ears, reddening and nodules filled with fluid are noticeable in the ear canal.

Important! If the disease is asymptomatic, you can suspect the presence of a tick on the dirty ears of pets.

Symptoms of ear rabbit scabies, psoroptes without complications

The first signs of infection appear 1-14 days after the parasite hits the rabbit ears. Insects irritate and damage the skin, the response is an increase in the production of sebaceous glands, which leads to inflammation.

The flow of a simple form resembles pockets of weeping eczema, the disease manifests itself with the following symptoms:

  • severe itching: the animal itches, twists its head,
  • small, hilly reddenings are formed on the affected areas due to bites, then they turn into serous bubbles,
  • a day or two later, the vesicles burst, a yellowish liquid flows out of them, when drying forming grayish crusts,
  • Sulfur production increases, it concentrates in auricles in the form of brownish-yellow lumps.

The condition of the rabbits is satisfactory, sometimes there is anxiety, loss of appetite, the females give up baby rabbits. Allergic responses in the form of rhinitis, tearing are possible.

If the symptoms are ignored, the auricle of the animal is covered with scabs, sometimes they block the ear canal.

Pathological changes penetrate the eardrum, causing purulent inflammation. In advanced cases, the process moves to the neck, back, limbs.

Important! The final diagnosis is made by a veterinarian following microscopic examination of material from the affected area. To independently detect the presence of a parasite, you need to carefully remove part of the crust and skin scales from the pet's ear, put it on a glass plate, and drop some liquid paraffin. When viewed with a magnifying glass, moving parasites are clearly visible.

Treatment of ear mite in rabbits with folk remedies at home

In the treatment of the disease, folk recipes are used, the negative impact on insects of which is based on the effects of sharp-smelling oily formulations.

A mixture of glycerol and iodine (alcohol solution) in a ratio of 1: 4 is well suited for maceration

They soften scabs and crusts, and also interfere with the normal breathing of the parasite. What methods are suitable for rabbits:

  • Kerosene and any vegetable oil. The components are mixed in a ratio of 50:50. The composition is applied to the skin of the ears with a swab or syringe, gently massaged. Crusts after softening are removed.
  • Oil and turpentine. The ratio of ingredients 2: 1, after treatment, massage. Manipulations are repeated once every 3 days until complete recovery.
  • Camphor oil. Treat the ears daily, leave for a few minutes and remove the scabs.
  • Glycerin and iodine solution. Stir ¼, the composition is intended for daily use.

Preferring popular methods, it is worth assessing the effectiveness of treatment. For example, take into account that kerosene and turpentine irritate the skin of an animal, increasing unpleasant sensations.

Procedures require repeated use, if the substance is damaged in the ear canal, it can damage the hearing organs.

Perhaps, to eliminate tick-borne infection, it is better to use pharmacy tools that are inexpensive, but more productive and faster to deal with scabies..

List of simple preparations for ear mites in rabbits

For the treatment of uncomplicated types of parasitic invasion and as a preventive measure for the disease, single-component acaricides are used. - preparations created for the destruction of arthropod insects.

Perhaps, to eliminate tick-borne infection, it is better to use pharmacy tools that are inexpensive, but more productive and faster to deal with scabies.

The drug is available in liquid solutions or aerosol cans, the method of use is indicated in the instructions, the dosage prescribed by a veterinary specialist.

Basic requirement before use - pre-cleaning of rabbit ears from crusts so that the active substance has unhindered access to the skin and can fully manifest healing properties.

Ways of infection

Rabbits, as a rule, develop psoroptosis in the autumn-winter period. In this case, the route of infection is varied. The most prone to the disease baby rabbits, whose age is about 4 months. The tick can be transmitted to the offspring through the sick rabbit. Adults become infected due to contact with other animals (for example, cats, dogs) and the host itself.

Tick ​​enters the house with clothes, shoes and other items.

As a result of the spread of ticks, the animal experiences itching and severe irritation. With early detection and timely treatment of the disease is not dangerous. If the disease is neglected, the accession of a secondary bacterial infection is possible.

The spread of ticks on the middle and inner ear can lead to the occurrence of otitis media, damage to the central nervous system, brain tumor. In this case, the rabbit constantly tilts its head, often losing its balance. Infected female abandons her baby rabbits, mating with the male. If the disease is started, the mites will spread to the entire body of the rabbit. As a result, the rodent may develop itching, the skin becomes red, the hair falls, ulcers and dermatitis are formed. With late treatment, the death of the animal is inevitable.

Diagnostics

The ear mite in rabbits can be identified by the expressed concern of the animal. He begins to actively scratch his ears, rubs them on the cage, shakes his head. At the same time, it stops playing, does not touch the stern. If the claws on the legs of the crawl are not cut, scratches form on the ears, covering with a dense crust during healing.

When visually inspected on the ears visible crusts and scales brownish-grayish tint. Due to these crusts, the ears of the animal thicken, become red, they feel very hot to the touch. Crusts and scales are composed of mites, their feces, blood, skin cells and products of inflammation. Sometimes, when the case is too neglected, the crawl is not able to keep the ears upright because of the abundance of crusts in the ears. In this scenario, the appearance of an unpleasant smell.

Ear tick in rabbits can be identified using a magnifying glass. To do this, petroleum jelly is heated to a temperature of about 40 ° C (rabbit body temperature). Then put a pre-scraped from the ear of the affected animal on it. After that, the material is applied to the glass. On closer examination, in the case of an illness, many moving parasites can be detected.

In the laboratory with the help of modern equipment to determine the diagnosis and the cause of the disease is not difficult.

If the diagnosis is confirmed, proceed immediately with treatment. Drugs can be made independently at home or purchased in a veterinary pharmacy. Next, we consider the most effective means.

Folk ways

  • Kerosene in combination with turpentine, creolin, vegetable oil. It will help to soften the skin of the ear,
  • Turpentine and vegetable oil. Connect in a ratio of 2: 1. Processing is performed using a syringe, which irrigate the auricle. The procedure is repeated with an interval of 14 to 20 days.
  • Camphor oil. It has the properties to soothe the skin, strangle the parasites and accelerate the healing process. The oil is injected into the syringe and the ears are processed. The procedure is repeated daily. Effective in the early stages.
  • Glycerin and iodine. Mixed in a ratio of 4: 1. This composition is able to soften the crust, remove coarsened skin. Therapy is carried out daily.
  • Mineral, baby or vegetable oil. Sometimes tea tree oil is added to the mixture. Processing is performed using a cotton pad. It is also possible to bury the ears (2-3 drops in each ear). After the instillation procedure, it is necessary to massage the base of the ears for a while. Processing is done every other day.
  • Bee Honey. 3 teaspoons of honey diluted with half a glass of warm water. Depending on the size of the auricle, it will take from 1 to 5 ml to treat the ears. Processing is carried out with a syringe every other day.
  • White vinegar. It is believed that acidity helps to remove dirt and debris. To this end, vinegar is mixed with water in a ratio of 1: 2. The tool is not recommended for use if there are open wounds on the ears.
  • A mixture of apple cider vinegar and olive oil. Buried in 6-7 drops in each ear. In this case, the crawl should be held in such a way that it does not shake out the composition even for a few minutes.

So, the preparation of the drug at home does not require much time. Before treating a rodent, it is necessary to clean the ears from scales and ticks.

It is important to remember that it is impossible to use sharp and hard objects for scabbing, this can lead to open wounds.

Drug treatment

Assign a competent treatment will help the veterinarian, but it is possible to choose the drug yourself. Medicines are available in the form of injections, drops and spray.

The following drugs are most common in the form of a spray:

When processing the above drugs spray sprayed for 2 seconds at a distance of 10 - 15 cm from the ear. Therapy lasts two weeks. Processing is carried out 1 time per week. The positive effect is noticeable after the first treatment in 80% of cases.

Widely used in the form of injections called "Baymek" and "Ivomek." The drug is injected into the back of the head. The dose should be agreed with the veterinarian. The tool does not apply to the treatment of pregnant rabbits.

In the form of drops are presented such drugs as "Valekson" and "Dekta". "Valekson" should be applied within two weeks with an interval of 5 - 7 days. Dekta fights symptoms as well as destroys ticks.

It is also worth noting the positive effect when using the “Butoks 50” ampoule. The drug is diluted in the following proportions: one ampoule per liter of water. Processing is carried out 2-3 times in one ear.

Prevention

The main preventive measures include:

  • treatment of premises, cages, things, furniture, carpets during illness and after recovery. Do not allow excessive contamination of cells
  • it is not recommended to use straw as a litter, as it is a natural cover for ticks,
  • checking the ears of animals after each walk, as well as a thorough examination of the animal at least twice a month,
  • exclusion of contacts of healthy individuals with sick animals,
  • you can touch the sick animal only with gloves to eliminate the risk of infecting other individuals,
  • Treat suckling females 2 weeks before the outbreak, even if there are no visible symptoms of the disease. In addition, it is recommended that a pregnant rabbit be thoroughly examined a few days before crawling (a newborn rabbit may become infected with a tick),
  • weekly treatment of animal ears with a mixture of apple cider vinegar with 5-6 drops of camphor or other vegetable oil,
  • habitat change rabbits. It is necessary to change the rodent cells at least once every two months. It is worth remembering that ticks die in the event of a nutritional deficiency,
  • eliminating stressful situations, providing a balanced diet, avoiding overcrowding,
  • the introduction of quarantine for newly acquired animals, as well as those who have had the disease relatively recently. The quarantine period should not be less than one month.

Thus, it is important to observe the behavior of the rabbits, as well as to react in a timely manner to the unusual behavior of pets. This will avoid the occurrence of serious consequences.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send