General information

Reproduction of laurel

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


Rooting cuttings is a very interesting activity. Special costs are not required, but in the end you can get joy by discovering white roots through the walls of the cup.

I always wanted to have a laurel in my collection. Cool Rastishka grows in the kitchen on the windowsill, tore off a leaf and threw it into the soup.

But seriously, laurel is a noble plant. It has long been considered that the laurel wreath and the laurel branch are symbols of glory, victory, greatness.

In addition, the laurel is an evergreen and loves haircuts! Growing a laurel at home you can experiment, giving it any shape, you want - pyramid, you want - spherical, you want - to grow laurel with stem, and you want - with bush.

Laurel can safely carry direct sunlight. Considering the fact that every year the summer is getting hotter and hotter and shading all the plants is a laborious task, growing laurels is a pleasure.

So, I will describe my experience of rooting cuttings of laurel.

I purchased the cuttings of laurel by chance. It may not be entirely coincidental, since I’ve been looking out over the bazaar in the fall and I kept looking out whether they were selling laurel branches. Usually they are sold already slightly dried or dried and it is immediately obvious that there will be no sense in rooting such cuttings. And then, lo and behold, I met a Georgian woman who had the last two bunches of laurel branches.

If you buy the cuttings in my way, look carefully at the cuttings!

Laurel is often damaged by the shield, so the shield can be seen on the cuttings. One bundle seemed suspicious to me, since on some branches of the laurel I saw some kind of narcosis. On the branches from the other beam, I did not see anything dangerous and unfamiliar to me, However, just in case, during the rooting period of laurel, I spilled the ground a couple of times with the aktar. It is better to be safe, then not to get "unpleasant surprises" in the form of some kind of insects.

It is also desirable that the twigs are not very dried, as if planting a herbarium is unlikely to turn something green.

So, here is my bunch of laurel branches

And this is a branch with eyes

To root all this beauty, I broke off. On each handle left 3-4 leaf. Leaves cut in half. Updated cut at the tip of the cutting and dipped in root.

The cuttings were planted in peat with perlite and placed in a greenhouse in a bright place. It happened in late November. Periodically, the cuttings were viewed and aired (for a short time, literally for half a minute). The greenhouse was opened, the future Lavriks were sprayed with water. As I wrote, a couple of times made the processing of laurels with aktar.

Sometimes found and such

Black leg has done its doom. There is no sense in reshaping the rasta. Perhaps the stalk of laurel is still too young and green, and therefore rotted.

A month later, closer to the New Year, swollen buds were found on some cuttings of laurel. I want to note that this does not mean that the plant is rooted. However, we are already sure that it is green and viable to give out anything)

And on one royal laurel such a thing was found

The roots through the glass are not yet visible, but there is hope that they will root.

A month and a week has passed since rooting. The experiment continues.

Interesting to know laurels rooted or not?

For rooting, the laurel must be “caught” during the period of growth, and there are several periods for the laurel (they are cut from matured but not woody shoots and rooted in April and June-July).

Rooting now laurel in boiled water, also somewhere in the middle of November. In boiled water, cuttings rot less, now there are rudiments of roots, a transparent bag is put on a glass with laurel to prevent drying and creating a microclimate.

I bought a laurel broom on the market with seeds, and I hid these seeds in a flower pot. In the pot on top, I pour tea leaves from under the tea. I forgot Ricopala, and after a few months, a process of laurel reached, it remains only to transplant. In this way, I grew lemon, mandarin, pomegranate and laurel.

Elena, cool!
I also planted pomegranates from seeds, grew well, but did not bear fruit :-)

my laurel stalk gave roots in water, a month or more is worth it. Small roots, I think, plant in the ground or wait?

Lyudmila, I would have waited for the roots to grow larger, or if I could not wait, I would have shoved it in the ground, but I would have placed the plant under the cap.

I have a laurel tree growing in my pot; I think your advice will be useful to me in reproducing laurel cuttings

thanks a lot of interesting

My leaves have sticky leaves, but not everything I do, I don’t know how to contact you, but I’m writing if I ask a question, but they give me that answer

Valya, this is a shield, a "beast" like that. How to deal with it can be found on the Internet.

Girls, and my leaves began to turn black and dry, what to do?

Hope, this is from excessive waterlogging. in the land of fungus! need to change the ground!

I learned a lot of useful information from your notes, thanks to everyone, I want to grow laurel at home, thank you all

In Sochi, larushka grows like grass and now on subbotnik they cut out trees and bushes of laurel tons

Thanks for the info. I will take root. I bought a bundle of Sukhumi laurels at the market. but now is the end of January. I hope to succeed. Katerina Cherkassy.

Seed breeding

Seed cultivation is used quite rarely, because the seeds themselves are difficult to prepare. At most, they are acquired in special nurseries, which are far from being everywhere. In addition, even properly prepared seeds, quickly lose their power and after 2 to 3 weeks from the moment of harvesting, most of them become non-germinating.

Planting a laurel tree with a stalk

After the sprout has released enough roots, proceed to plant the plant. To do this, choose a suitable container and soil. The pot should first be a small size with a hole at the bottom where the drainage layer will be placed. Then put a layer of turf land, and on top of the sand. The ideal option for planting a bay leaf cutting is to buy a carbonate mixture in the store.

The process of planting a bay leaf in a prepared substrate consists of the following simple operations:

  • pot with a handle well moistened, so that it is easy to come out of the soil,
  • gently remove the sprout and transfer to a new place,
  • in the soil make a small funnel, 2 cm deep,
  • put a cutting in it
  • covered with sand,
  • slightly moisturize.

To protect the plant from fungal infection, you should not overly fill it with water. It is better to do this in small portions as the top layer of the earth dries. In addition, the laurel will not refuse from regular feeding. In specialized stores sell various types of organic mixtures or mineral fertilizers. Some gardeners use a weak solution of mullein. It should be especially careful in the preparation of substances carefully observe the dosage. Otherwise, the roots can simply burn and the plant will die.

The plant must be transplanted to a new container every year. When he is 5 years old, the procedure is already done once every 4 years.

Placing on the balcony a few pots of laurel, you do not just decorate the room, but also saturate the air with unusual freshness.

Plant laurel in history, myths and legends

The famous Ovid in his "Metamorphoses" tells that Apollo, who lived among people, fell in love with the nymph Daphne and constantly pursued her. One day after the victory over the serpent Python, Apollo met the young God of Love, Eros, with a bow and arrow, and mocked him: “Why do you, baby, bow and arrow? Do you think you can beat me in the art of shooting? ” This mockery offended Eros, and in retaliation he sent two arrows. The first, an arrow of love, pierced Apollo, and the second — killing love — hit Daphne.

Since then, Daphne has always run away from Apollo. No tricks helped him. Exhausted by suffering, eternal persecution, Daphne appealed to her father Penea and Earth to take away her image from her. After these words, she turned into a laurel bush (curious about the fact that in Russia until the 18th century the bay leaf was called “daphnia” (“laurel” in Greek - “daphne”). The saddened Apollo has since begun to wear evergreen laurel.

In Greece, dwellings were decorated with bay leaves to refresh the room. Laurel branches were placed in mattresses to make prophetic dreams. It was believed that the laurel saves from lightning. So, it is a fact that the Roman emperor Tiberius during the thunder rolls put on a laurel wreath and crawled under the bed.

Laurel noble (Laurus nobilis) - subtropical tree or shrub, species of the genus Laurus (Laurus) family Laurel.

The laurel branch, as well as the laurel wreath, is considered a symbol of glory, victory and peace. From the name of this plant originated:

  • Names: Laurel, Lawrence, Laura, Lorenz,
  • The word "laureate" means "crowned with laurel,"
  • Expressions: “reap laurels” - enjoy the fruits of their success, “rest on our laurels” - stop striving for further victories, be satisfied with what has been achieved.

Laurel was considered a sacred tree, the heads of the winners in ancient Greece were decorated with laurel wreaths. The leaves of laurel noble everywhere are used as a spice (bay leaf).

Description of the noble laurel

Homeland laurel noble - Mediterranean. On the territory of Russia grows in the south-western regions of the Krasnodar Territory. A low evergreen tree of the family of laurel trees up to 8–10 m tall, but may also be a tree shrub. Sometimes in the forests there are trees up to 18 m tall.

Tree trunk up to 40 cm in diameter with dark gray bark. Thick crown, usually pyramidal shape. Leaves on short petioles, simple, alternate, leathery, shiny, entire, have an oblong shape, pointed at the top, and narrowed towards the base. From above they are dark green, and from below they are lighter, with well marked feathery venation, slightly wavy along the edge. Have a strong characteristic smell.

Noble laurel © Twining Valley Nurseries

Laurel - dioecious plant and same-sex flowers. On some trees, small staminate flowers are collected in axillary inflorescences of 6–12 pcs., Their perianth is simple, cup-shaped, of four greenish-yellow or white leaves. On other trees, only pistillate flowers, which are even smaller than staminate, are harvested 2-3 times in the axils of the leaves. Fruits are black and blue, juicy, fragrant drupes up to 2 cm long, ovoid or elliptical in shape, with a large bone. It blooms in March — April, and the fruits ripen in October — November.

The value of bay leaf is indisputable, as it contains essential oil (4.5%), cineole, acetic, valerianic, caproic acid. The leaves are pinene, geraniol, eugenol. Fruits and leaves contain tannins, bitterness.

It is used to treat chronic cholecystitis, gallstones. Bay leaf decoction improves digestion, stimulates appetite, and has a beneficial effect on many organs. From the leaves, fruits and flowers get the essential oil for the food industry. Partially used in the perfumery and soap industry.

The use of bay leaf in cooking

Bay leaf has a faint odor and bitter taste. Leaves (dried and green), fruits and powder made from dried leaves are used as spice, as well as briquettes into which powder is sometimes pressed. Widely used in cooking and canning.

Bay leaf is sometimes called spice, so often it is used. It refines and flavors primarily sour dishes (sauces, gravy). Add it to the first dishes - soups (meat, vegetables, fish, etc.), soup, borscht. Bay leaves spice up the second dishes of lamb, beef, pork, combined with boiled and stewed fish. It harmonizes with vegetable dishes of beans, peas, beans, cabbage, carrots.

Bay leaf, unlike many other spices, can be added 5 minutes before being cooked in the first dishes and 7-10 minutes in the second courses. Standards bookmark from 1-2 to 3-4 leaves per dish. After laying the spices, the lid is closed, the sheet is removed from the finished dish.

Bay leaf is an indispensable spice for correcting the taste and smell of jelly, by-products. It is used in the food industry in the manufacture of cheeses, sausages, pies, stews, sauces, marinades, in canning fish products, making mayonnaise, ketchup, etc. " and etc.

In home canning, it is used especially often when pickling tomatoes, cucumbers, squash, beets, cabbage, beans, mushrooms. In combination with other spices and spices, it gives the marinades a pleasant savory taste and a peculiar aroma. It is also used in pickles, where it performs a slightly different function, giving the product a more delicate flavor.

In Western Europe, there is a tradition to add bay leaf to some types of jam in canning and to some sweet dishes, drinks and desserts in cooking.

Growing noble laurel

Best of all, the laurel feels lighted, but can also tolerate light shading. Delivers short-term lowering of temperature to 10-12 degrees of frost. It tolerates drought and is not demanding on soils. Organic and mineral fertilizers have a favorable effect on the growth and development of laurel. As an industrial culture, laurel grows in one place for about 60 years.

On the plantations laurel is grown in subtropical areas, where the minimum temperature does not fall below 12 degrees. Before sowing seeds, the soil is plowed to a depth of 40-45 cm. Organic (4-6 kg / m²) and mineral (in full dose) fertilizers are applied for plowing. After this, the plot is harrowed and cultivated two or three times. Planting is carried out in the autumn or early spring with intervals between rows of 1-2 m, with intervals between plants of 1-1.5 meters.

On the plantations, the laurel is cared for by weeding, cultivation, watering and pest control. Laurel can also be grown in room conditions.

Leaves from laurel are collected from November to February from trees that have reached three or four years of age. Cut off the branches with leaves and dried for seven to ten days in the shade. Then remove the leaves, sorted and placed in bags that are stored in dry rooms. In order to get the essential oil, the leaves are sent for processing fresh.

Reproduction of laurel cuttings

Laurel propagated by seeds, cuttings and layering. The most common method is reproduction by semi-lumbering cuttings. Laurel cutting is carried out in spring (March-April) or in summer (June-July). For harvesting cuttings use annual (matured, but not lignified) shoots of laurel. Cuttings (6–8 cm long, with three internodes) taken from the middle or lower part of the shoots of the laurel bush are cut obliquely under the third node. The bottom sheet is removed and the top sheet is cut in half.

Laurel Noble © mailordertrees.co.uk

As a substrate for rooting the cuttings of laurel, you can use coarse sand, or a mixture of moss and sand, or turfy ground and sand: a layer of drainage is poured into a pot, then a layer of turfy ground (about 4 cm), moistened and planted cuttings to a depth of 1-1.5 cm.

Rooting cuttings goes well in the "bag-greenhouse", or in the cuttings, or under a glass jar. Cuttings for quick rooting is desirable daily to spray and air. At a temperature of cuttings content of 16-20 degrees, they take root for about a month.

Reproduction of laurel seeds

Planting material is grown from seed in nurseries or seeds are sown directly into the ground. Seeds harvested from special mother trees quickly lose their germination, which is why they are sown immediately after harvest in the fall to a depth of 4-5 cm. When shoots appear, the plants thin out at a distance of 6-8 cm.

Laurel seeds are large, oval in shape, up to 2 cm in length, with a thin, fleshy shell that prevents them from drying out and premature germination. The seeds of noble laurel, like all laurel, do not tolerate drying and remain viable only for 3-5 months if they are stored in a cool, damp room.

Before sowing the seeds, they must be freed from the shell, otherwise they will germinate for a very long time. It is best to immediately sow them in separate pots with a capacity of at least one liter or in the ground, immediately to a permanent place. Seeds germinate from April to August. It also happens that individual seeds can begin to germinate as early as January, but then, if severe frosts strike, such seedlings usually die.

Growing laurel in room conditions

In the rooms it is best to keep the plants in winter at about 10 degrees Celsius, but in the spring it is best to take the plant outside. In the first year, the seedlings do very well without top dressing, but starting from the second year of cultivation, you can use any mineral fertilizers as a solution in small doses. Laurel is very tolerant to different types of soil, does not tolerate too wet.

Having grown laurel at home, you will get a wonderful beautiful evergreen plant. И к тому же возможность собственноручно заготовить эту прекрасную пряность – лавровый лист.

Лавр в народной медицине

Настой лавровых листьев: заварить 1 стаканом кипятка 2 ст. l измельченного листа, настоять 1-2 ч, тепло укутав, процедить. При выделениях из уха промывать ушные ходы и закапывать в ухо теплый настой лавровых листьев. После закапывания закрывать ушное отверстие ватным тампоном. Процедуру проделывать 2-3 раза в день или 1 раз – на ночь.

Настой листьев лавра: brew 300 ml boiling water 5 g of crushed leaves, insist in a thermos for 3 hours, strain through 2-3 layers of gauze, bring the volume to the original. Take inside with spastic pains in small sips the entire dose for 12 hours. The course of treatment is 2 days.

Noble laurel © Gorini Piante

Infusion of laurel leaves: pour 3 cups boiling water over 10 clean leaves of laurel, insist 2 hours in a thermos, strain. Take regularly 1/2 cup 3 times a day with diabetes.

Decoction of laurel leaves: boil 300 ml of boiling water 5 g of bay leaf, boil on low heat or in a water bath for 5 minutes, insist in a thermos for 4-5 hours, drain. Drink cooked broth in small sips for 12 hours to clean the joints. The procedure is repeated 3 days. In a week - repeat 3 more days. In the days of treatment - only vegetarian food. Cleaning the joints for the first year to spend quarterly, then once a year, and always after cleaning the intestines. If this is not done, the untreated intestine under the influence of bay leaf decoction can be a source of allergic emissions.

Tincture of laurel leaves: Pour 0.5 l of vodka 1 cup crushed bay leaf and insist 14 days in a dark warm place, shaking the contents periodically, then strain. Take 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day for 0.5 h before meals to cure (for cancer of the throat).

From the ripe fruits of laurel get very fragrant fatty oil, which is used in medicine as an external antiseptic for boils and skin eruptions, as well as against muscle pain, muscle inflammation, sprains and dislocations, for grinding for paralysis, rheumatism. In folk medicine, laurel oil is used in the treatment of chronic cholecystitis and cholelithiasis. For the same purpose, you can use butter made from laurel leaves.

Bay oil can be prepared as follows: put 30 g finely chopped bay leaves in a bowl, pour 200 ml of linseed or sunflower oil over them and leave for 7 days in a warm place, then strain and squeeze.

Chewed laurel leaves attached to wounds help with bites by poisonous insects and snakes. It is useful to apply fresh leaves of laurel in the form of a medicinal dressing for bites of hornets and bees. According to ancient scholars, laurel is an antidote to every drunk poison. If a piece of noble laurel wood is tied to a baby cradle, the child will stop crying and fall asleep.

All parts of the tree have good disinfectant properties. When indigestion should be drunk 4-5 drops of laurel juice, washed down with water. In the same way, pain in the ears and deafness are treated, and spots are also removed from the face. Laurel leaves, when worn on the body, prevent hallucinations.

Do you grow laurel? Looking forward to your stories!

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send