General information

Chard growing, care and harvesting

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


Alain, thanks for the interesting experience! Now I want to grow chard! And when can it be planted?

Alain, thank you for your blog! Information is all useful and necessary for us gardeners, gardeners! I grow Mangold for the third year and did not know that he is biennial. now I know, thank you for your information. but used in the dishes not only the leaves, because I love them boiled with mayonnaise Makheev Olive, but also boiled tubers for salads that are juicier and softer than those of beets. but since I love beets, Mangold grows the variety that has maroon cuttings - it is more fragrant than Mangold with white cuttings. I like your blog very much, I think the same should be done with my blog, where I want to talk about rare vegetable plants that I grow and that are just starting to spread to the gardens of Russia. And this is your blog! Thank you With respect, Nadezhda.

Types of chard

Spinach beets are rich in vitamins, mineral salts and proteins. Leaves and petioles contain large amounts of phosphorus, iron and calcium.

It is also known by the following names:

  • Japanese beets,
  • roman cabbage
  • leaf beets,
  • spinach beets.

The most common varieties in Europe:

The most common varieties in the CIS countries:

There are two types of this plant: petiolate and leaf. Thanks to the wavy and juicy leaves, the second type is used as spinach or salad. The stalked species is used more like asparagus. The color of the leaves of both species can vary from light green to deep dark green, but rare varieties come in with orange, white or red hues.

Therefore, in some European countries chard can be found as curb plant. Leaves of spinach plants can be eaten boiled, they are even suitable for cooking such dishes as cabbage rolls.

Mangold is a biennial plant. Grow it from seeds and seedlings. In the first year after planting, a large rosette and an extensive root system is formed. After the plant perezimuet, its roots begin to emit a flower arrow, where seeds resemble the beet ripen.

Ways to use chard

Chard leaves resemble cabbage to taste, and petioles are colored. Leaves used in cooking soups, salads, cabbage rolls. Petioles can be preserved, boiled, pickled or fried in breadcrumbs.

Very important when cooking chard is need to drain first water and cook already in the second water. Mangold can absorb nitrates that may be in the ground. Therefore, pouring the first water, chard loses up to 70% of harmful substances.

Leaves can be used in cooking. vinaigrette or borscht (instead of cabbage). Very popular is a simple chard salad, which only requires sour cream and green onions for cooking. So, just need to cut the leaves into strips, add green onions and sour cream. Then mix. You can boil the stalks, and then fry in butter and season with mayonnaise and sprinkle with greens.

Recently, many people are increasingly using exotic vegetables, fruits and spices. Mangold is exotic plant and deserves attention.

Chard rearing

Chard is grown sowing seeds, which can simply be planted on the beds. This method of cultivation does not preclude the use of seedlings, which can be planted at the age of 3.5 weeks. It is necessary to sow in April to a depth of 2.5 centimeters.

The distance between the rows of petiolar varieties should be 40 centimeters, and for leaf varieties - 25 centimeters. The seeds of petiolate varieties sown after a few centimeters, leaf - after 1 centimeter. Seeds before sowing need to soak for 1.5 days. Seeds begin to germinate at 4–5 ° C. Shoots at a similar temperature will begin to appear after 2 weeks.

Mangold easily tolerates mild frost, and the most favorable temperature is 18–20 ° C. When the height of the chard reaches 2-3 centimeters, their must be thinned. The distance between adult plants should be: 40 (petiolate varieties) and 8 (leafy varieties) centimeters. Growing chard is an easy process, but requires proper care.

Care chard

Another important point in growing this crop is need to feed. The usual solutions of urea are suitable - 10 grams per 10 liters of water, mullein 1: 5 or liquid herbal fertilizers.

The soil for the plant should be moderately fertile. As in the overly nutritious earth, chard accumulates a huge amount of nitrates in the leaves. Soil acidity should be neutral pH 6.5–7.0. Two weeks before sowing, it is necessary to add mineral fertilizer, which contains:

  • ammonium nitrate - about 30-35 grams per square. meter,
  • superphosphate - about 30 grams per square. meter,
  • potassium chloride - about 35 grams per square. meter.

Roman cabbage will not grow on land where cabbage, beets, or spinach were predecessors. In addition, this plant can be planted only after 3 years at the same place. Leaves from the middle of the chard is better to cut. In stalked varieties, it is better, in general, to tear off the leaves, since only the stalks are used. You can eat only young leaves from the very middle of the rosette.

Harvesting chard

If you plant the seeds of this plant in April, then in the month of May you can harvest. The leaves of the plant should be cut as often as possible, since after that they grow much thicker.

It is better to cut off large leaves, and small ones can be left, as they will grow very quickly. When cutting, it is important not to damage the growth point.

In the autumn, the plant must be dug up with the root, the leaves cut, and then placed in a box with the ground. The box must be kept in a dark place with a positive temperature. The leaves of beet grown in the shade are much more tender than the leaves grown with an abundance of light.

Growing Roman cabbage will not only please with useful properties, but also ease of care.

About the plant

Mangold leaf beet is a type of vegetable. It contains a lot of beneficial micronutrients and vitamins that are important for the human body. Chard belongs to two-year plants, and it is also commonly believed that this is a subspecies of common beet.

This vegetable crop already exists for more than three thousand years, and for the first time it began to be served on the table in the Roman Empire. For this reason, you can often hear another name of the plant - "Roman cabbage". In addition to the great benefits that brings this vegetable, you should note that it is very beautiful. On the plots it can be planted around the perimeter, as it can serve as a decorative element until the harvest ripens.

The ground part is able to decorate most flower beds. Depending on the variety, the stalks of Mangold will be painted in different colors, which allows to diversify the palette at the gardeners' site. The stalks of Mangold may have a red, yellow, green and silver color. Greens usually have a rich color, if the plant is no more, and does not experience a lack of moisture.

This subspecies of leaf beets is grown quite easily, without causing special difficulties to farmers. If everything is done correctly, Mangold can become a permanent plant on your sites.

Unlike ordinary beets, Mangold has no root vegetables. During its growth it does not form, only a small root grows to feed the plant itself. The basis is the stalks and greens. It is in these parts that almost all the necessary substances and juices accumulate that make this vegetable so juicy, tasty and healthy.

It should be noted that today the agronomists have deduced two types of Mangold: petiolate and leaf.

Leaf varieties are usually very lush, they have a developed outlet with lots of greenery. Petioles are usually thin, they can be used to prepare fresh salads, cabbage rolls and other dishes.

The peeled varieties of "Roman cabbage" have a number of their features. Of course, unlike the relative, they have powerful and wide stalks. They are used as asparagus. Greens can be eaten after heat treatment (for example, after boiling).

The useful properties of this subspecies of vegetable culture should include the fact that when it is used, the human body is replenished with many vitamins of different groups (A, C, K). In this regard, the plant can be compared to spinach, since in the spring they have many useful substances in their composition. Mangold leaves are considered low-calorie, but they do not lose nutritional and beneficial properties. Mangold foliage usually includes more than 10 types of antioxidants, which helps to remove various toxins from the human body in a natural way.

Lilic acid is another important component in the chemical composition of vegetables. Lilac acid is capable of maintaining blood sugar levels at a normal level (this is useful for diabetics). Also, this beet can become an excellent source of betalains, phytonutrients, which help remove toxic compounds from the human body.
Mangold contains iron, carotene, phosphorus. Eating this plant improves the functioning of the human digestive system, contributes to the stabilization of blood pressure.

Due to the wide range of benefits of this beet, it is very popular in Western countries.

We give examples of the most common varieties of beet. In the west, it is often possible to meet the cultivation of scarlet varieties. Harvest can begin to collect within six weeks after the first shoots in the garden. Final cleaning takes place after 3 months. Scarlet Buriak can reach up to 60 centimeters in height, has rather large foliage and strong purple petioles. With an average of one square meter of land, you can average about 4 kilograms of harvest. If the beet is planted in a greenhouse, then with proper care, the crop can be doubled.

Beauty. Planting this variety of dates is compact plants. Keeping the optimal distance between the plants, after the emergence of seedlings, the beet will not be thinned. The rosette at the beauty is vertical, the leaves have a wavy shape of dark green saturated color. Scape red, have an average length of about 40 centimeters. With proper care, you can collect up to one kilogram of petioles from one bush. On maturation it takes 2 months from the moment the first shoots appear on the surface.

Emerald. Emerald grows no higher than 45 centimeters. The plant stretches upwards, having a vertical outlet. The leaves have a light green color, reach medium size. The beetle leaflets are white in color, grow up to 30 centimeters. With proper care and periodic feeding, you can collect about one kilogram of the crop from one bush. Why in the territory of Russia Mangold does not enjoy such popularity, as in Western countries, can not be accurately determined.

Video “Properties of leaf beet”

This video describes in detail the beneficial qualities of such beets and how to grow them.

Mangold is usually planted outdoors. Growing this subspecies of beets does not require special knowledge in the field of agricultural engineering.

Beet sowing is carried out from the beginning of spring to June. Such a long time interval is explained by the fact that the sowing can be carried out in different territories with an appropriate climate.

Before sowing the seeds should be placed in a container with warm water, having sustained planting material during the day. Tara should be large and spacious. In open ground, seeds can be placed after the soil warms up. The optimum temperature for starting the cultivation of Mangold is considered to be about 15 degrees Celsius.

Gardeners should always take into account that fertile soil will be required for the cultivation of beet, it should not contain acidic substances, because after the ripening of the vegetable it will have a bitter taste.

Sowing beet seeds should be carried out at a depth of about 2-3 centimeters. This will be enough so that in a couple of weeks you can see good shoots. The shallow depth is explained by the fact that the vegetable has a small root and its main part will be on the surface. Between each bush, it is desirable to maintain a distance of 5 centimeters. As the seedlings germinate, it should be periodically thinned out in order to maintain normal ventilation between the rows, as well as even nutrition of all plants.

Mangold leaves usually grow very lush, so between adult plants should withstand gaps of 10 centimeters. Observing such rules of care, you can be sure that every bush will not prevent another from growing normally. This will allow to get large and juicy rosettes of greenery.

For the care will need to systematically make in the open ground organic fertilizer, as the plant needs natural nutrition. Cultivation does not require special methods of care, but the basic techniques must be used to get a good harvest.
Standard agrotechnical measures are used to grow this type of beet.

For the care of growing planting as a fertilizer, you can use wood ash, a little bird droppings, manure herbivores. Organic additives are used to prepare special solutions to reduce the concentration of active substances. Too high a concentration can harm the buryak. Organic matter and charcoal can also be used to neutralize the acidity of the soil, as well as to enrich the soil where gardeners plant crops with potassium and nitrogen.

Breeding

Mangold breeding takes place with the help of seeds. They are collected in special seed plants in the second year after planting. After collecting the planting material is dried in a ventilated area. They are then placed in paper bags. You can sow before winter, but it is desirable to do it in greenhouses, as without proper care, the plants will freeze and die. If in the corresponding region the winter is warm enough, then the landing can be done before winter.

Seed preparation can begin even at home before planting in open ground. Thus, they will sprout faster after landing in the ground.

Hydroponics can be used to propagate and grow plants. Hydroponics is a special method of growing seedlings in an artificially created environment without the use of land. Requirements for the plant are taken into account so that it can grow faster. Special salt solutions, drip irrigation and other technologies are commonly used.

Diseases and pests

Why is Mangold very popular in the West? The answer to this question is not only the beneficial properties of the plant and yield, but also resistance to external factors.

Sheet beets are highly resistant to most dangerous diseases, but are also susceptible to viruses. For sowing dangerous slugs. When growing, you will need to follow proper care, as well as apply preventive measures.

Powdery mildew and fungal formations are a certain hazard to the crop. A common cause of the first signs of disease is high humidity at the site. The stalks of Mangold often suffer from the appearance of white scurf. To avoid this when growing a large crop, it is necessary to thin out the seedlings in a timely manner so that the plants are better ventilated and the air at the petioles is not den.

Earthen fleas and beet aphids are dangerous for sowing. This is the reason why gardeners begin to pre-treat areas with planting a month after the emergence of shoots. These pests can cause a lot of trouble. Growing Swiss chard, you can sprinkle the plant with tobacco dust and wood ash (1 to 1 ratio). Against the aphids, you can use cooked tincture on the basis of bitter onions.

Also, some time after sowing on the site, the birds may begin to fly, as they like to eat young beet seedlings. To protect the crop, you can use non-woven cover, covering the plants on top. With the help of ash, you can prevent the invasion of slugs on the plot with landing.

Description of chard and its types

ChardA special sort of beet, which, unlike an ordinary relative, has inedible roots and edible leaves and petioles. This biennial vegetable crop belongs to the family of blooming. Cultivation of chard salad is practiced in the USA, Europe, Japan, India and other countries. The leaves of leaf beets - juicy, fleshy, 30-40 cm tall. Depending on the variety, they have different colors - red, green, green-pink, green-purple. Root this plant does not form at all. There are two types of chard: stem (petiolate, long-veined) and leafy (shnitt-chard, chard-chisel). The stem, along with the leaves, are suitable for food and petioles. They are wide and fleshy, also have a different color: green, yellow, red.

There are many varieties of leaf lettuce, which differ in the color of the stems, leaves and petioles, as well as the shape of the leaves. Самыми распространенными среди них являются «Изумруд», «Алый», «Белавинка», «Зеленый», «Лионский», «Шпинатный» и др. Растение представлено также декоративными сортами с черешками разнообразных окрасок, курчавой и волнистой листвой. К таким, например, относятся «Желточерешковый», «Красночерешковый», «Серебристый курчавый» и др. In addition to the garden, they can be planted in beds and mixborders.

Chard Precursors

It is better to plant leaf beets on the place where plants used to grow, when they were grown, organic fertilizers, such as onions, cucumbers, potatoes, were introduced into the soil. In order to observe the rules of crop rotation of chard beets, it is not necessary to grow it in the same place every year, it is better to return the crop to the same land after three years. It is also not recommended to sow the plant in areas where previously spinach, cabbage, and beets were grown. First of all, it is necessary to do this in order to protect leaf beets from diseases and pests.

Lighting for chard

Chard is not picky about lighting, it can grow in open areas of the garden and in partial shade. However, it is important to know that with strong and long-term shading lettuce leaf beets will grow more slowly and will give not so large leaves as with good lighting. Also in a plant growing in the shade, an increased amount of nitrates may be observed.

What should be the soil for planting leaf beets

Sheet beets can grow on any soil, but it will be especially tasty and meaty when planted in a moist and fertile soil with neutral acidity. The plant does not tolerate acidic soils very well. Before sowing, it is advisable to fertilize the soil with humus or compost (3-4 kg / 1 square meter). However, this should be done in the fall. In the spring, organic fertilizers are applied approximately 12-14 days before sowing.

Features landing chard

For planting chard using seeds or seedlings. Rassadniy method rarely resorted. When planting chard in open ground, will depend on how long you want to harvest. At the same time, experienced gardeners recommend not sowing it too early (before April), in order not to fall into the spring frosts. Although the plant is quite cold-resistant - the seeds can germinate at a temperature of + 4-5 ºС and tolerate slight frosts, it is better to plant at higher temperatures. The most favorable for them will be 18-20 ºС. If your goal is a very early harvest, you can use the seedling method or sow under the film. Petiolate varieties will be ready to eat 90-100 days after planting, leafy ones 60-70 days later. In order to have fresh greens on your table for a long time and at an early date, leaf beets are recommended to be planted in three periods: in the first weeks of May, in the middle of July (harvest will be in early spring) and before winter. The best time to plant for the first time will be the beginning of May. Before planting chard seeds, it is necessary to prepare wells for each seed. The distance between the pits is 25-30 cm long, between the rows - 35-40 cm (25 cm for leaf varieties). Seeds deepen into the soil by 2-2.5 cm.

Young chard sprouts, obtained as a result of cultivation from seeds, should appear in about 20 days. One seed gives several shoots, so that the seedlings will need to be thinned, leaving gaps between them of 40 cm for petiolate varieties and 10 cm for leaf ones. To further multiply your leaf salad, you can collect the seeds themselves. The mature testes are cut and suspended for maturation. The seeds of chard are the same as in ordinary beets. They must be stored in paper bags. Germination they retain for three years.

Since the multiplication of leaf lettuce with the help of seedlings is not so common, we will only briefly mention how to plant chard with seedlings. The main advantage of this method will be that in this way it is possible to achieve an earlier harvest. You can sow plants for seedlings in early April. Before sowing seeds for seedlings, they should be soaked for one day.

Since the root system of chard is very developed, it is necessary to select a deep container or individual pots for seedlings. The distance between crops should be 25-30 cm. In open ground, seedlings are planted when it reaches the age of 3.5-4.5 weeks and a growth of 8-9 cm, in the beginning or in the middle of May. It can be planted tightly - keeping intervals of 15-20 cm between plants. By harvest, the crop will be ready in about a month when the leaves reach a height of about 25 cm.

How to care for chard outdoors

Although the cultivation of chard in the open field does not cause any particular difficulties, yet in order to achieve a good harvest in the form of large, succulent leaves, it is necessary to take care of the seedlings. Care will be in the periodic loosening of the soil, watering, feeding and removal of peduncles.

Soil care and watering plants

The soil under the chard must be periodically weeded in order to destroy the weeds and facilitate the access of oxygen to the roots. Obligatory loosening should be after watering and rain so that no crust forms. Sheet beets like moisture (but not stagnant), so it should be watered abundantly, especially during dry periods. The frequency of irrigation will depend on the weather, but it is better if it is at least once a week.

How to fertilize chard

Sheet salad responds well to top dressing. However, when carrying out this procedure, you need to know the measure, since an overabundance of fertilizers can lead to the opposite effect - harm the plant. Excessive feeding threaten the accumulation of nitrates in the plant. Feeding the chard is necessary after each cut of leaves or petioles. To do this, use a solution of urea (10 g / 10 l of water), mullein (1: 5), liquid herbal fertilizer.

Pest and disease control of chard

Mangold can affect diseases and parasites, largely due to improper planting and care. Most often leaf lettuce is exposed to powdery mildew. Favorable conditions for the development of this disease are prolonged rain and stagnant moisture, as well as damage by parasites. The main symptom of this disease is a white mealy coating on the leaves. As a preventive measure in this ailment, pollination with a solution of sulfur, nitrogenous and phosphorus-potassium supplements is recommended. With the defeat of powdery mildew, diseased plants are removed, spraying is carried out with authorized preparations.

Also on the leaf beets can develop a fungus that causes disease "black leg". Symptoms - the leaves wither, the stems turn black, the roots wither. The disease can lead to the death of the plant. In hot weather, death can occur rapidly - just six days after the onset of the disease. To protect the chard from the black leg, it should be planted only on the beds carefully cleaned in the fall. It is necessary to observe the moderate mode of watering.

Corneal, beet aphid, beetroot, wireworm are harmful for leaf lettuce. In the fight against parasites, preventive measures, the observance of the rules of crop rotation and agricultural engineering come to the fore. Since an above-ground portion is used for eating lettuce, the use of insecticides is undesirable. They should be used only in extreme cases and with the mass distribution of parasites. When choosing drugs, preference should be given to biological agents that are not dangerous to humans and the environment.

Chard: Harvesting

Leaves of chard, planted in April-May, can be cut from late June to late autumn as needed. They break off along with the stalks at the base. The more often to cut the sheets, the more abundant they will grow. On average, with 1 square. m plants per season, you can collect 1 kg of green.

In stalked varieties, only young leaves are eaten. More rough external food is not suitable. It is desirable to eat torn leaf beets on the day of harvest. The longer it will be stored, the less nutrients it will remain. In addition, it quickly fades. In the refrigerator, the washed product is stored in a plastic bag for no longer than two days.

Although chard leaf beet is a perennial plant, it is customary to grow it as an annual in the kitchen gardens. However, if you make sure that he can comfortably spend the winter, having covered him well, you can ensure that fresh greens appear in the earliest periods. In winter, the plants are cut at the root and covered with a layer of soil, peat, sawdust, leaves. In the process of harvesting chard in its place, you can gradually plant leaf lettuce.

Mangold is becoming increasingly popular in our region, mainly because this vegetable is unpretentious in its maintenance, cold-resistant and contains a large amount of substances useful for the human body. If it is right and in the early stages to plant it, then you can achieve that it will become the first vitamin greens that will be in your kitchen after the winter avitaminosis period.

Sowing seeds in the ground

Chard - cold-resistant plant. This allows the cultivation of sowing seeds in the soil in April.

Seeds germinate at a temperature of + 5 °, the first seedlings hatch in two weeks. The higher the temperature, the faster the seeds sprout. To improve the germination of the seed material is soaked in water at room temperature. After a day, the seeds will slip, and only then should they be used for planting.

Seeds laid out in the grooves to a depth of about three centimeters. Depending on what kind of chard there is a distance between the grooves:

  • petiolate varieties - not less than 35 cm,
  • leafy - enough 30 cm.

Seeds from each other are sown at a distance of 2-4 cm, then repeated thinning is carried out. Remove weak, late sprouted shoots. Ultimately, there should be an interval of 40 cm between petiolate varieties, between leaf ones - about 15 cm. Growing in thickened plantings leads to inadequate foliage development and the likelihood of fungal diseases.

Seedlings perfectly tolerate frosts to -3 ° C, but if the temperature drops for a long time, the growth slows down. Instead of growing foliage, chard produces a flowering arrow and early sets seeds. At the same time, the yield is significantly reduced.

In case of possible colds, the bed should be covered with agrofibre for the night, and in some cases do not remove the shelter during the day.

If early dates for sowing are chosen, then germination can be accelerated.

  • A month before sowing the bed is covered with black polyethylene. Under it the snow thaws faster and the soil warms up.
  • When the soil at a depth of 4-5 cm warms to a temperature of + 5 ° C, it is possible to plant.
  • Above a bed, arcs are placed on which white covering material is pulled, its density can be from 30 to 40 g / m 2.
  • After the seedlings appear, the shelter is not removed until the temperature is above + 15 ° C.
  • Care before removing the cover is to keep the soil moist.

Chard has a high yield, so one family is enough to plant 5-7 plants. If the care is carried out correctly, then the collected leaves and petioles will be enough for fresh consumption and freezing for the winter.

Sowing seeds in late autumn

Growing chard can be carried out under the winter. This is practiced in areas where the winter is short with light frosts. Seeds emerge early, and seedlings with a possible cooling, it is desirable to cover.

Grooves in the garden are prepared in advance. It is necessary to prepare a bucket of dry earth and put it in a warm room.

When the soil freezes, the seeds are laid out in rows, and the prepared dry ground is poured on top. Frequent winter thaws adversely affect germination.

Growing seedlings

In regions where winter does not end long, cultivation of this vegetable by the seedling method is recommended. The harvest is ready to be harvested a month earlier than when sown immediately on the garden bed.

Seeds are planted in late March or early April. Any nutritious soil from the garden or purchased universal soil is suitable. The germination of seeds occurs in a warm place, under the film. At room temperature sprouts appear after 4-5 days.

It is not necessary to sow densely; it is enough to thin the seedlings once with a distance of 7 cm between the seedlings.

After the appearance of the first sprouts, the box with the seedlings is transferred to a bright place, and the temperature in the room should be no higher than 13-15 ° C. For this fit glazed loggia or insulated balcony.

Care for seedlings is simple. It is important not to allow the soil to dry out, try to maintain the temperature and ventilate the room.

Chard plants are transplanted to the garden when the air temperature is above +15 and stable, and the seedlings will be 3-4 weeks old.

If necessary, you can grow seedlings closer to the middle of summer. In this case, the leaves will be more tender and juicy, and care for chard will be reduced, because in the second half of the summer weeds grow less.

Choosing a place for chard, preparing beds and care

Cultivation of leaf beets is possible on any soil. The main requirement is that it should be loose and moderately moist. Those areas where the water after the rains stagnates for a long time, for this plant is not suitable.

Chard tends to accumulate nitrates. This occurs if the cultivation is carried out in a shaded place, fertilizers are applied with an excess of, and watering is carried out irregularly.

These features should be taken into account when choosing a place for gardening and performing care:

  • the place should be illuminated by the sun throughout the day, the shadow is undesirable even for a short time,
  • it’s impossible to cultivate chard in one place two years in a row,
  • they do not plant chard on the garden, where last year all kinds of cabbage, spinach, beets grew,
  • a bed is prepared in the autumn - well-rotted manure or decomposed compost is brought in and dug up (as the leaves of the beet leaves go to the ground to a sufficient depth, it is necessary to dig up deep by 30-40 cm),
  • in the spring, before planting, a complex of mineral fertilizers is added — superphosphate, potassium chloride and ammonium nitrate in equal proportions, 30 g / m 2 each,
  • leaving after planting consists in loosening the soil, removing weeds as they appear and keeping the soil moist,
  • when the peduncles appear, they should be removed immediately,

Also care is the timely harvest.

Benefits and uses

High taste qualities are peculiar to mangold. The leaves and petioles contain vitamins B1, C, B2, provitamin A, salts of iron, calcium, phosphorus, proteins, sugars and carotene. This nutritious, useful culture, unfortunately, is not often found in household plots.

Chard leaves can be used in salads, soups, stews, cabbage rolls, like cabbage. Petioles are used after pre-boiling in salted water. They can be fried in oil and serve as a side dish, used for filling pies, etc.

Cabbage rolls with fish in chard leaves

Pests and diseases

Leaf beets are resistant to many diseases, but sometimes they are affected by viruses. Pests are dangerous slugs. Protection measures are preventive. For example, the risk of fungal diseases, in particular, downy mildew, is significantly reduced with timely thinning of the seedlings.

We hope that you will enjoy growing chard and the dishes in which it is used will often appear on your table.

Mangold what is it

Chard is a fairly powerful plant that can grow to a height of 60-70 cm. It depends on the variety. Mangold is a close relative of the common beet, but it does not form a root crop, but it is valued for its ground portion — the lush outlet of large, bubbly leaves, towering above the ground on high, thick petioles.

Chard has several names - chard, chard, leaf chard. Grow it for the sake of tasty and extremely healthy leaves.

They eat not only the leaves, but also juicy, fleshy stems, which, with proper care, reach a diameter of 7-8 mm. The leaf stalks, like the leaves, are incredibly rich in vitamins, minerals, trace elements and various valuable compounds. If you enter into your diet the regular use of this vegetable plant, you can best improve immunity, improve your health.

Of those varieties that I planted on my plot, I particularly liked the mid-season variety of chard Bride, which allows the first cut of greens 55-65 days after the emergence of shoots. The plant reaches a height of 50-60 cm, has large wavy dark green leaves and very thick white petioles, which are distinguished by their special juiciness and spicy taste.

Variety Bride

No less tasty variety Beauty, ripen in the same time frame. This variety of chard also allows for several cuts per season and is distinguished by high yield. In addition, it is also unusually decorative: the lush rosette of green leaves with red streaks reaches a height of 60-70 cm and looks very elegant in the garden, thanks to the bright crimson thick petioles. And he can decorate any flower garden!

Mangold - care and cultivation

Mangold is unpretentious in care, and even a novice gardener can grow this culture. Its seeds begin to germinate already at a temperature of + 6-7 ° C, so I sow them on a bed, filled with organic matter and mineral fertilizers, in the spring in the earliest terms.

Молодые всходы мангольда холодостойки и без потерь переносят весенние заморозки до минус 2°С. Для получения более раннего урожая это растение можно сеять и под зиму, а для получения нежной осенней зелени можно сеять в августе (на Кубани). Только в условиях жаркого лета лучше сеять его для получения второго урожая в полутени и не давать пересыхать почве.

Chard is grown mainly as an annual plant, but it can be left before winter - in the second year of life it forms a high peduncle with inflorescences, from which, after flowering, it will be possible to collect seeds and use them for future plantings.

How to plant chard

The seeds are sown in the spills of water and sprinkled with a layer of soil of 3-4 cm. When sown with dry seeds, seedlings appear in the bed in 10-12 days. When 2-3 true leaves appear on the seedlings, I thin out, leaving 35-40 cm between the sprouts. Soon the plants become stronger and actively start to grow.

The main condition for obtaining a good harvest of delicate juicy petioles and leaves is timely watering of the chard.

Also during the season I spend 2-3 supplements: the first 7-10 days after germination, using nitrogen fertilizers, for the second and third supplements, which I spend with an interval of 17-20 days, I apply complex fertilizers. But I advise you to reduce the dose of fertilizer for each top-dressing by half, rather than indicated in the instructions, in order to avoid the accumulation of nitrates in the “apex” of the leaf beets.

Also regularly loosen the chard aisles and weed out weeds. During the cultivation of this culture signs of disease, I have not yet found on it. But among the pests the most important enemies for chard are snails. Saving only Thunderstorm. Blue pellets Thunderstorms (a remedy for slugs and snails) periodically pouring around the perimeter of the bed. Granules retain their properties even after 3-4 rains. Then, of course, it is necessary to update, re-sprinkle the garden beds, protecting it from the snails, but there's nothing you can do ...

Features harvesting chard

I start harvesting as it ripens, cutting off the petioles with leaves located along the edges of the rosette and not affecting its middle. For one cut I remove no more than a quarter of the whole green mass, in order not to harm the plant much. With this approach, chard is very quickly restored and in a short time increases new greens.

Harvest chard ↑ to content ↑

Chard, cooking recipes

Cooks from many countries around the world use chard to prepare main hot dishes and salads. Both leaves and young stems are used. The taste of fresh herbs with a slight sourness, and sometimes with bitterness, gives the dishes a special savory and unique taste.

Chard beet leaves contain a large amount of vitamins and various minerals, nutrients and acids. And you can eat the leaves, both fresh in salads, and as a filling for all kinds of pies. With them you can cook soups, borscht or stuffed cabbage leaves. Well, freezing them, of course, possible. But to preserve the leaves, I would not advise - some kind of mess turns. Here the stalks are a different matter.

Chard Chives

What does chard associate with? Fresh leaves - with a light, almost imperceptible sourness, and in the soup it looks more like spinach, but tastes better than spinach. The taste is something like spinach and beets at the same time - tender and sour-sweet. And how does it differ from beet tops? If the tops are young, then practically nothing. But you can't pinch all beets in it, the root-crop will have nothing to eat. And at chard you can endlessly tear off the leaves, leaving the middle. They will grow and grow.

Cabbage rolls with chard leaves

By the way, stuffed cabbage made from chard leaves is something extraordinary. I tried it once - now I just do it: gentle, wavy, silk leaves, juicy petioles. I will not write a detailed recipe, since the filling is no different from the usual one. Do you want to make meat stuffing, you want a vegetable - who likes how. If cabbage leaves for stuffed cabbage, culinary experts advise to boil a little in salted water, cut off or beat off hard streaks so that they become softer and do not break when wrapping minced meat in them, then with sheet beet everything is very simple. The leaves, like silk, roll themselves inside! Stuffed cabbage with chard leaves, believe me, this is very, very tasty!

Chard stewed cabbage rolls ↑ to contents ↑

Beetroot Chard Pies

Cut the leaves into wide strips and small stalks in small cubes. Lightly fry the onions to a transparent state, add chopped chard, stew a little, salt. You can add your favorite spices. Cool, add a few chopped boiled eggs, mix. It turned out we minced.

The cake I usually make from purchased puff pastry.

I spread the minced meat on one sheet of puff pastry, cover it with another sheet of dough on top. I pinch the edges, slightly wrap them up, pierce the top sheet with a fork in several places and place in a preheated oven. After 20-25 minutes, I take out the reddened pie.

Closed Chard Pie

With a stuffing for a pie with chard, you can safely dream. It won't taste good! In the photo below, a puff pastry cake inside is grabbed by any hard cheese (Dutch or Parmesan cheese can be used), the filling does not crumble at all, it can be served on a saucer. Mangold is tender-tender, and in combination with cheese and egg it is something unimaginable!

Pie with cheese, egg and chard содерж to content ↑

Chard Potatoes

I read this recipe in one of their forums on the Internet. I tried it, I liked it - I share it with you. You can eat as a separate dish, and you can serve as a side dish for fried or salted fish.

I boil the potatoes almost to readiness, wash a large bundle of chard leaves (they are strongly boiled during the cooking process), cut them with scissors into a pan with potatoes and cook until the potatoes are ready.

While everything is boiling, I quickly prepare the sauce: add equal parts of olive and sunflower oil without odor to one dish, add 2-3 large cloves of garlic finely chopped or skipped through the garlic press, mix everything.

There are people who do not like the taste and smell of olive oil. It can be replaced with melted butter.

Drain the water from the potatoes and, while it is hot, pour the oil with garlic. Fragrant, tasty, useful!

Chard garnish for meat and fish dishes

Wonderful, wonderful chard garnish! Light, impeccably delicious and incredibly healthy.

Chicken cut into 1.5 cm strips, blanch in salted water for 2 minutes. Squeeze

Heat any vegetable oil you like in the pan, throw 5 minced garlic cloves, fry until golden brown. Put blanched and squeezed chard, salt, add a generous pinch of fragrant market hops-suneli. Simmer under the lid for 10 minutes. Done!

Garnish for stewed chard meat ↑ to content ↑

Fried eggs with chard

Favorite food for breakfast. Prepares for 5 minutes longer (leaves should be cut) than usual, but tastier and healthier.

I add chard to borscht.

You can add to okroshka (only cut smaller).

But already in salads, he will never be over! Who likes greens, I advise you to try.

In general, chard is a great thing. It is unpretentious, grows quite quickly, and useful, of course. Nice. It happens different - with white stems, with yellow, with red.

On the garden looks great! You can plant in flower beds!

I advise you to plant this amazing culture on your plot in the new season. Chard will not only help to diversify the usual diet and improve health, but also will be the main decoration, both in the garden and in the flower garden.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send