Amprolium is a veterinary drug. It is a white water-soluble powder. Applied for the treatment of coccidiosis birds, or rather broiler chickens and maintenance of young. It is forbidden to apply amprolium to young animals older than 16 weeks (before slaughter) and laying hens. The Internet is considering the use of amprolium in coccidiosis of rabbits.
A photo. Amprolium for birds
As the main active ingredient (active ingredient) contains the drug amprolium hydrochloride. 1 gram of medicinal powder contains 300 mg of active ingredient. In a percentage of 30% active ingredient, the rest is a filler. Lactose is used as a formative filler. The preparation before giving to a bird is dissolved in water or mixed with food.
Amprolium, especially for rabbits in Russia does not exist, only for birds.
Is it possible to amprolium rabbits
The causative agents of coccidiosis have different species names, both in birds and rabbits, and among themselves:
- Farm poultry (E. tenella, E. acervulina, E. maxima, E. mivati, E. brunetti).
- Rabbits (E. stiedai, E. magna, E perforans, E media, E irresidua, E piriformis).
It is believed that the coccidia of chickens do not parasitize in the body of rabbits. This is explained by the different internal environment of the gastrointestinal tract and liver in the compared subjects. Meanwhile, the biochemistry of metabolic processes in all types of coccidia is one. Therefore, the following principle should be considered conditionally correct.
Amprolium, in some cases, may be used for the treatment of coccidiosis of rabbits
Pharmacological action on coccidia
Amprolium in 30% concentration, once inside the body of a rabbit or hens is not absorbed, remains in the intestinal lumen. The penetration of amprolium with the mucous and submucous membrane of the intestine, where some stages of coccidia can occur, is possible. Further, by diffusion enters the unicellular parasite. The active ingredient competes with the parasite's carbohydrates, blocks the synthesis of vitamin B1. Thiamine (vitamin B1) is an essential component of the carbohydrate metabolism of the parasite. As a result, in such a simple way it is possible to suppress the development and reproduction of coccidia. The antidote of amprolium, vitamin B1 in the injection, a dose of 0.5 ml / m, once.
How to prepare medical food based on amprolium
In 800 kg of feed add 0.4 kg of amprolium. Mix thoroughly. For 5-7 days, feed only rabbits with this feed. Other types of feed (hay, succulent feed) remain in the normal form and the rate of feeding. It can be dissolved with water, but in rabbit breeding the dosatrons are practically not used.
Dosatron - a device for dispensing medicinal solutions through a watering system
This dose is indicated for poultry use. For rabbits, the dose can be reduced by 5-10%. Pre-check on a small group of animals.
IUP “VIK - Animal Health” Belarus, LLC “VIC Animal Health” Russia and OOO NPF “VIK Animal Health” Russia.
In Belarus, produced analogue under the trade name Amprolium 25% BT (Beltekotehnika LLC). It is also not intended for rabbits. However, in comparison with the Russian drug, the spectrum is expanded to the treatment of young cows and sheep. Doses. Young cattle therapeutic dose of 0.04 g / kg 1 time per day for 5 days in a row. Preventive dose is 0.028 g / kg for 21 days. Sheep dose 0,028 g / kg for 5 days. In Russia, other drugs under the brand name Amprolium are unknown.
The drugs are not analogues, but with a similar effect: toltrazuril, torucox, sulfadimethoxin and others.
Compare with combined sulfonamide trisulfone, especially for rabbits.
Amprolium is a coccidiostatic, sold in the form of a white powder, which has neither taste nor smell. The active substance in it is amprolium hydrochloride. 1 gram of powder contains 300 mg of substance. It is active against all types of coccidia, parasitic in the body of rabbits.
Attention! In Ukraine, Amprolium 22% is found on sale. The concentration of the active substance in it is 220 mg per 1 g of powder.
The effectiveness of veterinary preparation is due to the fact that the active substance has a chemical structure similar to vitamin B1. Thiamine plays an important role in the life of the parasite, without it they can not exist. Amprolium hydrochloride easily penetrates the cell membranes of coccidia, and then binds the vitamin. As a result, microorganisms die due to a violation of carbohydrate metabolism.
For rabbits, the medicine is not dangerous because it does not penetrate the bloodstream through the intestinal mucosa. Almost 97% of the substance is excreted from animals with feces, and the remaining 3% is excreted in urine.
The main purpose of the veterinary preparation Amprolium is the treatment of coccidiosis. This disease affects individuals with low immunity, and therefore pregnant, lactating females and young animals are susceptible to infection. The disease leads to the depletion of rabbits, anemia, accompanied by indigestion. In the absence of therapy, coccidiosis leads to the death of animals.
This drug is also used for other ailments as part of complex therapy:
The drug is intended not only for the treatment of coccidiosis, but also for its prevention. Before use, it is important to study the instructions, since the prophylactic and therapeutic dosages differ.
Rabbit after coccidiosis vaccination
Instructions for use Amprolium
Treatment of rabbits for coccidiosis involves the use of an increased dose of medication. The duration of the therapeutic course is 10 days. The powder is added to drinking water or feed. Before distributing food for each kilogram of food, take 1 gram of bulk material and mix thoroughly. If the decision is made to give the medicine along with the drink, then for therapeutic purposes 1 g of the powder should be dissolved in a liter of water.
Attention! Water with medicine for coccidia should be the only source of drinking for animals until the end of the course of treatment.
For the prevention of Amprolium is used according to the following scheme for 7-10 days:
- 0.5 g of powder is added per kilogram of feed,
- 0.5 g of the product is dissolved in 1 liter of water.
In some cases, the use of medicine for coccidiosis is prohibited. Consider what there are contraindications to it:
- Age of rabbits. It is impossible to treat with the preparation Amprolium repair youngsters who have not reached the age of 4 months.
- Problems with the urinary system and constipation. In this case, the removal of the active substance from the body will be difficult, which can lead to complications.
- Do not use Amprolium if rabbits are already receiving treatment with other coccidiostatics.
Reference. Experiments conducted with this drug showed that in the case of an overdose, the animal slows down growth, but there are no other disorders and pathologies.
What other drugs are there for coccidiosis rabbits?
In addition to Amprolium, other drugs are used against coccidiosis. Below is a list of analogues-coccidiostatics:
Eymeterm - an analogue of the drug
Eymeterm 5% - coccidiostatic suspension. Active ingredient - toltrazuril. 1 ml of the drug contains 50 mg of the active substance, which quickly blocks the enzymes responsible for the course of metabolic processes in the cells of the simplest microorganisms. Toltrazuril prevents the reproduction of coccidia and causes their death.
Before treatment, you need to correctly calculate the dose of medicine for the rabbit. 0.14 ml of suspension is measured out per 1 kg of animal weight. If the animal is 4 kg, then he is given 0.56 ml of the drug. Eymeterm is administered orally. A single dose is enough to completely rid the rabbit of parasites. In severe cases Eymeterm give twice with an interval of 5 days.
Attention! Rabbits that have been treated with Euimeterm should not be slaughtered earlier than 70 days after ingestion of the suspension, as their meat is not suitable for food.
Baytril is an antibacterial agent that is also effective against coccidia. It comes in the form of a liquid solution in a concentration of 5% and 10%. The first option is used for injections, and the second - for oral administration.
For the treatment of rabbits, the product is diluted in water according to the instructions - 5 ml of the drug is taken for 10 l. The course of treatment lasts 3 days.
Attention! It is allowed to slaughter animals not earlier than 14 days after the last use of the product.
The active ingredient in Tolucox is toltrazuril. Means is issued in the form of suspension. Veterinarians recommend it to animals in which the disease progresses, and other drugs are ineffective.
The scheme for taking Tolucox for rabbits is as follows: 1 ml of the suspension is dissolved in half a liter of water and the drinkers are filled with it. The prepared composition is used for 2 days, after which the treatment is suspended for 5 days. Next, prepare a fresh solution and then water the rabbits for 2 days.
Attention! The slaughter of rabbits treated with Tolupox can be carried out after 8 days.
Zinaprim is represented in vetaptekakh in two forms - in the form of a solution for injection and powder. In its composition it contains 2 components that have a detrimental effect on coccidia:
Each of the components enhances the action of the other. In general, the drug is well tolerated, but if the doses indicated in the instructions are exceeded, it can cause vomiting or diarrhea in rabbits.
Method of application of the solution for rabbits:
- the dosage is calculated based on the body weight of the animal, - 1 ml of the composition is taken for 10 kg of weight,
- Zinaprim is administered intramuscularly,
- on the first day, the agent is administered twice with an interval of 12 hours,
- in the following days of treatment, make 1 injection in the morning or in the evening,
- the duration of the course of therapy is determined by the veterinarian.
Zinaprym in the form of a powder is dissolved in drinking water in the proportion of 1 g / 1l. Drink fill the drinker. The next day, prepare a solution with a lower concentration of the drug - 0.5 g / 1 l. Water is filled with water every day. During treatment, pets should not be given clean drinking water, except for the one that contains the medicine. The duration of therapy is from 3 to 5 days.
Coccidiosis causes serious damage to farms, because the infection is spreading rapidly and affects all rabbits. This disease is especially dangerous for young animals. To protect animals from the simplest parasites, use veterinary drugs - Amprolium and its analogues. First you need to carefully study the instructions for use of the drug and consult a veterinarian about the duration of the course of treatment and dosage, so as not to harm the pets.
Amprolium 25% BT (powder)
September 30, 2008, Minutes No. 43
on the use of the drug Amprolium 25% BT
1 GENERAL INFORMATION
1.1 Amprolium 25% BT (Amprolium 25% BT) is a white to brownish-gray powder.
1.2 1 g of Amprolium 25% BT (hereinafter referred to as the preparation) contains 0.25 g of amprolium hydrochloride and a filler up to 1 g.
1.3 The preparation is packaged in double bags of polyethylene or bags of metallized polyethylene film according to the manufacturer’s TNPA with a net weight of 0.1, 0.2, 0.25, 0.5, 1 kg or in bags according to the manufacturer’s TNPA with a net weight of 5, 10, 15 , 20 and 25 kg.
1.4 The preparation is stored in the packaging of the manufacturer on list B in a dry, dark place at a temperature of from + 5 ° C to + 25 ° C.
1.5. The shelf life of three years from the date of manufacture, subject to the rules of storage.
2 PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
2.1 The drug is active against all species of Ameria, parasitic in animals and birds, including Eimeria tenella, E. necatrix, E. maxima, E.
brunetti, E. mitis, E. praecox, E. zurnii, E. ninakohlykimovi, E. bovis.
2.2 Amprolium, which is a part of the drug, competes with thiamine in the systems of amerime's metabolic enzymes, disrupting the metabolism of carbohydrates necessary for the vital activity and reproduction of parasites in the later stages of development (schizonts, merozoites of the second generation).
2.3 When administered orally, the drug is practically not absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract, showing antiamerious effect on mucous membranes and submucous membranes.
2.4 The main part of the drug (up to 97%) is excreted unchanged from the body with feces. In laying hens in small quantities with eggs.
2.5 The preparation according to GOST 12.1.007-76 belongs to the 4th class of danger (low hazard substances), in therapeutic doses the side effect is not established.
3 ORDER OF APPLICATION OF THE PREPARATION
3.1 The drug is used for the prevention and treatment of broiler chickens, repair young birds, breeding birds, calves and sheep during eimeriosis.
3.2 For preventive broilers, the drug is used from 3-5 days of age with food or water at a dose of 480 g of the drug per ton of food or water, with a treatment for 7-10 days at a dose of 960 g of the drug per ton of food or water.
Replacement youngsters with a preventive purpose give the drug from 3-5 days of age to 16 weeks of age at a dose of 480 g of the drug per ton of feed, with a therapeutic purpose for 7-10 days at a dose of 960 g of the drug per ton of feed. With drinking water, the drug is used from 3-5 days old to 21 days of life at a dose of 480 g of the drug per 500 l of drinking water, with a therapeutic purpose for 5-7 days at a dose of 480 g of the drug per 500 l of drinking water.
3.3. Young cattle and sheep: for treatment with eimerize the drug is prescribed in a dose of 0.04 g of the drug per kg of animal weight 1 time per day. The course of treatment is 5 days. In severe cases, the dose should be doubled.
The drug can be given to animals with drinking water, swill, milk substitute. To do this, 28 g of the drug is dissolved in 300.0 cm 3 of water or other liquid feed. When used with compound feed, it is necessary to mix 28 g of the preparation with one kg of compound feed and inject it at the rate of 5 g of mixture per kg of animal weight daily for 4-5 days.
For the prevention of eymeriosis in young cattle, the drug is given orally at a dose of 0.028 g / kg animal weight for 21 days, the sheep orally at a dose of 0.028 g / kg animal weight for 5 days.
3.4 During the period of treatment and preventive measures, the drug solution should be the only source of drinking water for birds.
3.5 To ensure uniform distribution of the drug, the daily dose is mixed with a small amount of feed, and then introduced with thorough mixing in the feed, calculated on the consumption of poultry during the day.
3.6 The effectiveness of the drug is not reduced when antibiotics and minerals are included in the feed.
3.7 At the recommended doses, no adverse effect of the drug was detected.
3.8. It is not allowed to use amprolium repair young stock of chickens after 16 weeks of age. It is forbidden to apply amprolium to laying hens, since the drug is released with eggs. The use of amprolium simultaneously with other coccidiostatics is prohibited.
3.9 Slaughter of poultry and animals for meat is allowed not earlier than 5 days after the drug is discontinued. In the case of forced slaughter earlier than the specified period, the meat can be used to feed animals or produce meat and bone meal.
4 PERSONAL PREVENTION MEASURES
4.1. When working with the drug, you must follow the rules of personal hygiene and safety.
4.2. While working with the drug it is forbidden to eat, drink water, smoke.
4.3. After finishing work with the preparation, hands and face should be thoroughly washed with warm water and soap, rinse your mouth with water.
5 ORDER OF ADVERTISING
5.1 In case of complications after the use of the drug, its use is discontinued and reported to the State Institution "Belarusian State Veterinary Center", Minsk, ul. Red, 19 and to the manufacturer. At the same time, an unopened package of the product of this series with a detailed description of complications is sent to the State Institution “Belarusian State Veterinary Center”.
The instruction was developed by the Head of the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Associate Professor Tolkach NG, Associate Professor of the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology V.V. Petrov, EE "Vitebsk Order of Honor" State Academy of Veterinary Medicine.
Brovaseptol powder 500g.
Instruction on application of Brovaseptol powder 500g.
Description Powder light yellow, slightly soluble in water.
Composition 100 g of the preparation contains active ingredients (g):
Norsulfazol - 8,0,
sulgin - 7.0,
Trimethoprim - 3.0,
oxytetracycline hydrochloride - 4.5,
Tylosin tartrate - 2.5.
Pharmacological properties Norsulfazol is well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, therefore, has a systemic effect. Sulgin is almost not absorbed, reaches a high concentration in the intestine, where it has a good local effect. Together with trimethoprim sulfonamides show high activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.
Oxytetracycline and tylosin antibiotics have a high bacteriostatic activity, so the complex drug has a wide range of bactericidal and bacteriostatic actions, including against microorganisms that are resistant to conventional antibiotics and chemotherapeutic drugs. In the range of the spectrum of the drug - gram-positive microorganisms (Staphylococcus spp., Streptococcus spp., Clostridium spp., Corynebacter spp. And others), gram-negative bacteria (E. colli., Bordetella spp., Salmonella spp., Klebsiella spp., Pasterella Spp., Proteus spp., Campylobacter), Mycoplasma spp. and others, as well as some simple and large viruses.
Indications For the prevention and treatment of animals and birds in primary and secondary bacterial infections of the respiratory, digestive and urinary tracts, namely: catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, pneumonia, enteritis, cystitis, mastitis, septicemia, postpartum complications and a number of specific infections:
- calves - colibacilar and salmonella gastroenteritis, pasteurellosis, vibriosis,
- in pigs - enzootic pneumonia, arthritis, dysentery, edema, erysipelas, salmonellosis, pasteurellosis,
- in sheep - septicemia, ameriosis, infectious agalactia,
- in birds - typhoid, cholera, salmonellosis, mycoplasmosis, rhinitis.
Doses and method of use Brovaseptol is used orally mixed with dry or wet food. Treatment of pigs, poultry and rabbits is carried out mainly by the group method by uniform mixing of the daily amount of feed with the drug. To 100 kg of feed added: pigs 300 - 350 g, birds and rabbits 400 g of the drug.
For all types of animals, the daily dose of the drug is 1.0-1.2 g per 10 kg of body weight.
The daily dose is given in two doses. Depending on the state of the disease during the first use, the dose of brovaseptol can be increased by 30-100%. The course of treatment is carried out until the complete disappearance of the symptoms of the disease and can be continued for 1-2 days.
Contraindications Brovapeptol should not be given to animals with liver or kidney diseases. It is forbidden to give dairy cows and laying hens.
Cautions Slaughter of animals and birds for food purposes is allowed 8 days after the last use of the drug.
Release form Banks of orange glass or polymers of 30, 200 and 500 g or plastic bags of 10, 12, 100, 500 and 1000 g.
Storage In a dry, dark place at temperatures from 4 to 25C.
Shelf life 2 years.
Manufacturer: Brovapharma, Ukraine.
Coccidiosis in rabbits bycokex treatment
For the treatment of coccidiosis, many authors propose to use sulfa-nilamides, himkokkokd-7, black walnut. However, the main disadvantage of these drugs is too long a period of treatment (5-20 days), which can lead to the death of animals.
The goal of our research is to find an effective and fast-acting drug for the treatment of coccidiosis in dogs, nutria and rabbits.
The work was carried out on the basis of Salsk precinct veterinary clinic and Salsk veterinary and bacteriological laboratory.
The diagnosis was considered established when detecting oocysts with cocyidia in a helminthicoproscopic examination using the Fülleborn or Darling method.
We have tested the drug Baykoks, intended for the treatment of coccidiosis of birds, which was administered to animals with water at the rate of 1 ml per 1 liter for 48 hours. The experiments involved 13 dogs, 1200 nutria, and more than 600 rabbits. According to our data, the effectiveness of treatment is 98.5-100%.
BlondhunterRegistered user Registered: Mess. one
Coccidiosis in rabbits
Please advise on the treatment of Coccidiosis in rabbits by Baykoksom.
What doses to 1l. water dilution, how many times a day to drink, how many days to drink and how much time to repeat as a preventive measure? Are doses for juveniles and adults available?
What effect does baycox have on coccidia?
Medicinal products for coccidiosis
Baykoks 5% suspension
Anticoccidial drug of a new generation, acts on all intracellular stages of coccidia development.
Baycox has a coccidicidal action.
It has an immediate effect on ameri, acts effectively on all intracellular stages of their development, is effective against all types of coccidia and all resistant strains. Baycox does not prevent the development of immunity against coccidiosis, it is well tolerated even with a 10-fold excess dose, compatible with feed additives, vitamins and medical preparations.
Composition: 1 ml of the drug contains 50 mg of toltrazuril.
Indications: for the prevention and treatment of coccidiosis, including decorative animals.
Mode of application: once, rabbits twice, orally. Shake well before use. Baykoks® 5% is ideal for both preventive and therapeutic programs on the farm, but the economic effect of preventive programs is significantly higher.
rabbits (large and dwarf) - 0.2 ml per 1 kg of body weight for two days in a row,
guinea pigs, chinchilla, d.krysam, reptiles, hedgehogs and ferrets - 0.4 ml per 1 kg of body weight once,
hamsters -0.04 ml per 100 g body weight
Injection period: 77 days after the use of the drug.
Packaging: 250 ml bottles.
Pharmacological properties: Coccidiocide.
Toltrazuril is a triazinone derivative. Effective against all stages of coccidia. Acts on parasites by destroying the shell, thus a coccidicidal action.
Contraindications: Do not apply to pregnant and lactating females.
1 liter of Baycox contains 25 g of toltrazuril.
Contraindications: Do not apply to pregnant and lactating females.
Iodinol possesses a broad antimicrobial spectrum of action with respect to gram-positive and gram-negative microflora. When applied to the skin, mucous membranes and oral administration, iodinol slowly cleaves molecular iodine, which is a strong antiseptic and anti-inflammatory substance, and after resorption it improves metabolism.
Dosage and administration
Instructions for use of the drug warns that an animal that has undergone treatment can be sent for slaughter only after 5-7 days. Apply it as follows:
- mix 1.7 g of the drug with 1 kg of feed or dissolve 3 g of Amprolium in 1 l of drinking water,
- give to animals for 5-7 days.
At the same time water with medicine should be the only source of drink. When interacting with this tool, you need to follow safety precautions, as it is toxic. Do not exceed the dose and course of administration.
A drug from the group of antibiotics that has a wide range of action. Its effect is due to the fact that coccidia block enzymes that are responsible for respiration, and the division function of the parasites is disturbed. Made Eymeterm in the form of a suspension.
Video "Iodine from coccidiosis in rabbits"
The farmer in this video (Rabbit channel) shares his experience in treating rabbits with coccidiosis.
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What is Amprolium?
The drug has 4 levels of security and is practically non-toxic. About 97% of the total matter is excreted along with feces, the rest is digested and excreted in the urine. When used in the recommended doses, it does not cause any side effects, since it is practically not absorbed into the intestine, and accordingly into the bloodstream.
A similar effect is characterized by a similar chemical structure with thiamine. Vitamin B1 is an essential component of coccidia life and reproduction. Due to the similarity, the drug penetrates the parasitic cell. Then inside takes the place intended for absorption of vitamins and violates the metabolism in bacteria, as a result of the parasitic infection dies.
For which diseases is amprolium used?
The main efficacy is manifested against coccidian bacteria. Harmful microorganisms are destroyed, while immunity is not suppressed, and the animals recover quickly. The drug is effective against schizogony 1 and 2 generation.
The main diseases with vulnerability to amprolium are:
Coccidiosis is a serious disease that primarily affects the digestive system. The micronutrients from the products are not able to be absorbed. Also accompanied by dehydration, can provoke blood loss. The body’s immunity is severely inhibited, which in turn increases the risk of infection and other serious diseases. In the absence or improper treatment, a lethal event occurs.
To eliminate the disease on the basis of using only the drug is difficult. Other significant factors of treatment are the conditions of detention and feeding. So important factors for recovery are:
Instructions for use of amprolium
Amprolium is great for treating coccidia not only in rabbits, but also in birds or sheep. The drug can be used for prophylactic purposes or direct treatment. The medicine comes in the form of a white powder. It is used in one of several ways: dissolved in water or added to feed.
Dilution of the drug with water
Favorable rabbit setting
Preliminary actions before use
- Separate sick animals from healthy ones. Put them in different cells and put them in a certain distance from each other,
- All foreign elements in the cage should be removed. In the first place feces, as coccidiosis actively spreads through the feces, from where it enters the air and can infect healthy individuals. Also remove food debris, debris and other undesirable substances.
- It is better to clean the cell from bacteria using boiling water or a burner,
- The whole source of water: the tank, bowls and drinkers need to be cleaned, preferably using a disinfectant,
- Temperature and high humidity further weakens the crawl. Thus, an already weak immunity, is oppressed,
- When keeping several species of animals in one place, they are best to be separated. Birds and sheep, which are also prone to coccidia, can be especially dangerous.
The use of the drug with water:
Adding the drug to the water
An alternative use is mixing with feed. Hay, roots, cereals, and concentrates are commonly used as food.
Mixing the drug with food
It should be noted that now the treatment for rabbits was being prepared. Separating before the procedure, healthy and sick, you need to take care of both groups. For patients, the treatment described above, and for healthy, only prevention is needed. Thus, the procedure will not differ except for the proportion of the drug, but you will have to knead the food or water separately for both groups. Preventive measure involves the use of 0.5 g of the drug per 1 liter of water or 1 kg of feed.
The advantage of the method is that regardless of age, and usually rabbits get sick for 1.5 - 3 months, the dosage will be determined by the amount of water consumed or the food eaten. Thus, the content of the drug is always normal and only in rare cases, the dose is slightly increased.
All about drugs from coccidiosis rabbits
There are other effective antioxidant drugs, as amprolium is not always possible to quickly find within the village or a small city. A high-quality and worthy replacement can be tulocox, baytril, aymeterm, zinaprim.
Eymeterm is a drug that belongs to a number of antibiotics with a wide range of effects. Well suited for rabbits and many other species of animals, it allows you to destroy coxidia of various morphologies. The effectiveness of the drug causes the blocking of enzymes that perform the function of metabolism. So the bacteria just suffocate, the division process stops and they die.
Packaging drug Eymeterm
Eymeterm can be used to treat and prevent coccidiosis. Dosage form - suspension. It is used for young age from 4 weeks. The main advantage of the tool is a single use, that is, the treatment course is only 1 day.
To determine the required amount of suspension should know the weight of the animal. The basis of the calculation is the proportion of 0.14 ml per 1 kg of weight. Used orally, it is necessary to wind the automatic dispenser, which for a full pass releases 1 ml of the substance. Overdose can lead to a significant slowdown in growth, and sometimes weight loss.
The drug is quite strong and reacts with the body. This is both an advantage, it is not necessary to repeat the procedure, and a disadvantage, because it is long removed from the body. Lead to the face of a crawl is possible only after 70 days.
The composition and the form of the drug Baytril
Baytril is one of the most common drugs, as it can affect many diseases of the infectious type, and coccidiosis is no exception. The drug is more effective when used by injection, so it enters the bloodstream as quickly as possible.
Baytril promotes healing, as it inhibits the DNA of bacteria and its synthesis. Localizes infection, and limits the growth and reproduction of bacteria. A change in the structure of the cells provokes their early death.
The method of use of the drug is fairly standard, you can use the dilution in water, but the effect slows down a bit, or injection type. For the treatment of rabbits you need to prick the drug in the back of the thigh or ear in an amount corresponding to the mass of the main active ingredient enrofloxacin:
Table 1. Dosage of the drug for injection.
Rabbit diseases - how to treat coccidiosis?
Rabbits of two to three months are most vulnerable to this disease; adults usually are only carriers. Infection with coccidiosis occurs in the simplest way - these are feed, milk, water, which were initially infected with oocytes.
The incubation period lasts no more than three days, and the signs of the disease are:
- intestinal dysbiosis, which eventually flows into an upset stomach,
- reduced appetite, which subsequently leads to a sharp weight loss,
- severe exhaustion (which can be fatal)
- seizures and various neurotic seizures,
- yellow of the whites of the eyes.
Treatment, as well as prevention against coccidiosis in rabbits, at home should look like this: elimination of feeding and rabbit deficiencies and all factors that can trigger the appearance of this parasite.
How to water rabbits from coccidiosis? Make it better with iodized water.
This is one of the best ways to prevent disease in young rabbits. Iodine must be diluted in water and given to a pregnant female. You need to start from the 20th day of pregnancy and give 75 ml of 0.02 percent solution, and continue the procedure for 10 days. After a break of three to four days is taken, and the procedure is repeated for another 7 days (the same iodized water should be given to the rabbit for the first 30 days, then the dose can be increased by 1.5 times and continue prophylaxis).
Preparations for coccidiosis for rabbits
In the treatment of coccidiosis, sulfademitoxin, nerosulfazole, phthalozol, sulfapridazine, detrim, metronedazole and netropharone are the most effective.
Thus, rabbit sulfademitoxin is treated for 10 days (0.3 grams per kilogram of weight).
Nerosulfazole and phthalozol are used simultaneously (0.4 and 0.2 grams, respectively, per kilogram of mass). The course of treatment lasts five days, after which you need to take a break of 5 days and repeat the same procedure again.
Sulfapridazin, detrim, metronedazole and netrofaron have a similar treatment regimen. So, the course should last 7 days and give 20-35 grams daily.
Sources: vetapteka.ucoz.ru, www.vettorg.net, krolikoved.ru, kroliki-forum.ru, womanadvice.ru
Amprolium: what kind of drug
Amprolium is a white powder. The drug is intended for the treatment and prevention of infectious and parasitic diseases in animals. Before use, the powder must be added to the feed or dissolved in water in the proportion described in the instructions below.
100 grams of powder contain 30 grams of the active substance - amprolium hydrochloride, which quickly penetrates into the cellular structures of parasites and disrupts their metabolism. This tool has four levels of safety, so it is not toxic to animals and, subject to the recommended doses, does not cause side effects. Up to 97% of the substance is excreted in the faeces, the rest is excreted by the kidneys through urine. The tool is packaged in plastic cans or bags of 0.5 kg, 1 kg and 5 kg.
What is applied against
In rabbit breeding, Amprolium is used to treat the diseases described below.
The disease affects the digestive system, due to which the absorption of nutrients from the food consumed becomes impossible, provokes blood loss and dehydration of the body. Also, due to coccidosis, the animal’s immunity is greatly reduced, which increases the risk of infection with other infections. With the wrong treatment or lack of it, the animals die.
The causative agents of trematodoses are trematodes (flukes). These are flat leaf-shaped helminths with two suckers on the body. При триматодозной инвазии у кроликов наблюдается потеря аппетита или, наоборот, аппетит может повышаться, но при этом они теряют в весе, их поведение становится вялым.
Зверёк может страдать поносом, запором или постоянным чередованием этих состояний. Шерсть на теле становится взлохмаченной и выпадает.
Invasive disease caused by ectoparasites, such as fleas, lice, fly larvae, and lashes, which cause sifunculosis on the body of animals. As a result of their vital activity, the parasites cause itching and peeling of the skin, as well as baldness, anemia, and development and growth.
The disease is caused by cestode larvae that infect the liver of a rabbit, resulting in complications such as peritonitis. The symptoms of this parasitic infection are the sluggish behavior of the animal and the lack of appetite, which leads to a weakening of the body. The death of animals from this disease is quite high.
Parasitic lesion, which is caused by the simplest genus eimeria. The disease has two forms - intestinal and hepatic, contributes to the depletion of the body and the breakdown of the digestive system. Sick rabbits lose weight, are oppressed, their appetite is disturbed, abdominal distention, diarrhea, yellowness of mucous membranes, cramps, dull and ruffled fur are observed.
Because of the pronounced exhaustion, the animals mostly die, and the survivors become carriers of pathogens for 1 month and infect healthy individuals. Coxidia Eimeria-magna under the microscope
Mixing with feed
An alternative to an aqueous solution of Amprolium is the mixing of the drug with feed. To do this, usually use roots, hay, corn or concentrated feed. Next steps:
- Prepare a tank for food of sufficient volume.
- Pour dry food into it - as needed for all animals.
- Add “Amprolium” to the feed and mix (1 gram of the preparation for 1 kilogram of feed).
- Feed the animals.