Not only mammals, but also birds can suffer from helminthiasis. In chickens, this unpleasant disease, for example, occurs quite often. The damage to poultry farms helminthiasis can cause a truly enormous. That is why it is so important to carry out the prevention of such diseases and their timely treatment.
What worms in chickens are most common
There are simply a huge number of species of helminths in nature. A household bird can become infected with both roundworm-parasites and tape or flukes. Live chicken worms can in different organs. But most often this economic bird becomes infected with nematodes and ascarids. The latter settle in the intestines of a hen or broiler.
Too serious complications, unlike mammals, usually do not cause worms in chickens. But they can still cause significant harm to health. Most often, young chickens are infected with worms. At first, the symptoms of helminthiasis appear quite pronounced. But if the owners of the house do not take appropriate measures, in the future, the disease can become almost asymptomatic. And, therefore, to determine the causes of the fall in bird productivity will be difficult.
Danger of illness
The worms that have settled in the body of the chicken begin to absorb nutrients in huge quantities, taking them away from the bird itself. As a result of this, the broiler or layer begins to lose weight and significantly reduces the productivity indicators.
Another danger of helminthiasis in chickens is intoxication of the body. In the process of vital activity, worms release just a huge amount of all kinds of harmful substances. The latter are quickly and almost completely absorbed into the blood of birds. And this, in turn, leads to deterioration of health, weakness and decreased immunity. As a result, the chicken can pick up some more serious infection than helminthiasis.
Worms live in a hen in the body, as already mentioned, most often in the intestines. But sometimes the larvae of parasites penetrate into other organs, and even into the eggs. Therefore, the hens worms are fraught with danger, including for the owners. Nematodes can live in the intestines of not only animals and birds, but, of course, humans.
The most unpleasant consequence of helminthiasis in chickens is an intestinal rupture. This happens with intensive reproduction of worms. In this case, the larvae fill the intestines so tightly that its walls simply do not stand up. In this case, the sick chicken dies.
Ways to spread
Helminthiasis is actually very contagious. If at least one chicken gets infected in the herd, after a while it will be necessary to treat all the birds living in the farmstead. Worm eggs are transmitted both through food and water. Most often, the sources of infection of chickens are unfavorable in terms of helminthism farms. Therefore, when buying young stock or producers, the owner of a chicken farm should be as attentive as possible.
The same goes for feed. To buy grain, bran and root vegetables for chickens is only from reliable suppliers with a good reputation.
Symptoms of infection
Determining whether chickens have worms is easy. Immediately after infection, the bird loses its appetite and begins to lose weight quickly. Also symptoms of helminthiasis can be:
- reduced productivity
- the appearance of eggs with a soft shell,
- diarrhea (yellow feces),
- pale color comb,
- presence of larvae in feces,
Chickens are worms of various species. But sometimes it happens that the symptoms of this disease are not too pronounced. In this case, the owners should contact, including, and for the help of veterinarians. Equipment designed to diagnose this disease is available in every such clinic. In order to accurately determine the presence of worms in the body of the bird, the vet only needs to bring samples of the litter. In this case, it will be possible not only to accurately diagnose helminthiasis, but also to find out what kind of parasite caused the infection, and, consequently, prescribe the most effective treatment.
What preventive measures should be taken
Worms in chickens can cause very unpleasant symptoms. The disease is actually usually causes significant damage to the farm. Of course, any infection is easier to prevent than to cure. It concerns, of course, and helminthiasis. Preventive measures to prevent this disease in farms must be taken.
As already mentioned, the infection in the house is most often brought from dysfunctional farms. Therefore, purchased additional young animals or producers should be kept in quarantine for at least two weeks. If during this time the bird does not show any signs of helminthiasis or any other diseases, it can be transferred to a common poultry house. Young animals before this for prevention necessarily fed antihelminthic drug.
Worms in laying hens and broilers often infest due to the banal non-compliance with sanitary standards in the house. The shed in which this economic bird lives should be cleaned as thoroughly as possible. It is worth from time to time to clean up and in the recreational aviary. As many experienced farmers note, the hens contained in free-range are more likely to become infected with helminths.
In order to prevent infection of the bird with worms, you should also use anthelmintic drugs. Give them to the bird for prevention about once every six months.
Chicken worms is, of course, a very unpleasant and rather dangerous disease. However, it is actually treated relatively easily. It is possible to get the preparations necessary for getting rid of helminths of the bird both in a usual pharmacy, and in a veterinary or even in a pet shop.
It is best to buy a medicine intended for the treatment of all types of bird worms at once. There are many similar drugs on the market today. Most of them act from worms quite effectively. However, when buying this medicine should be as careful as possible. On the market there are often fakes that do not bring any benefit to the body of the bird. Also, sometimes such products can harm and even make eggs or poultry toxic.
As an example of a good drug, good help from worms in chickens, you can bring "Pirantel". This suspension for the treatment of worms is simply added to the food to chickens. Specific dosages for different types of poultry are indicated by the manufacturer of "Pirantel" on the package. Treatment with this drug is carried out three times with an interval of 6 days.
Many homeowners are interested in if worms are found in chickens, is it possible to eat chickens? Of course, the consumption of meat contaminated poultry should be abandoned. First, chickens should be thoroughly treated. After using anthelmintic drugs, poultry meat is not recommended for about two months.
Worms in chicken: treatment by folk methods
All sorts of drugs help from helminthiasis very well. However, the funds are still chemical and capable of having a negative effect on the poultry organism. Therefore, many owners of suburban areas prefer to treat their hens, infected with worms, folk methods. In this case, the most commonly used medicinal herbs. Very good from worms in chickens helps, for example, chopped green onions. It should be added to the mash on each feeding in large quantities.
You can also get rid of worms in chickens by offering them a decoction of pine needles or spruce instead of water. Often, from the helminthia of the household bird, pumpkin seeds, cranberries and wild garlic are also used.
So called organisms that settle on the skin. The most common are:
- bed bugs
- fluffy eats.
If the chickens are infected, the breeder suffers losses due to a decrease in the productivity of the hens, a decrease in live weight, and a deterioration in the appearance of the pets.
Puffy eaters or chicken lice
These are small parasites living on feathers and down, and cause the disease mallophagus. Their size is up to 2 mm, the color is dark. The food is plumage, dead skin particles, blood from scratching.
The chicken is contaminated from the dirt by eating old feed. A parasite can be carried by a person on the sole of a shoe or a wild bird - crows, sparrows, pigeons. Infection in the house spreads in one day.
The main symptoms of infection with lumps and chicken lice:
- in the root zone on the feathers - the characteristic "perforated" holes,
- anxiety, constant attempts to climb the beak under the plumage,
- in later stages - alopecia,
- weight loss and reduced egg production,
- weight gain in young animals.
Treatment of mallophagosis is difficult, especially if more than a month has passed since the infection. Of veterinary drugs usually used externally drops:
Dosage - according to the instructions. The drops are ineffective against the larvae; therefore, after 7–10 days, the application is repeated to eliminate young parasites.
The room where chickens are kept is disinfected with Karbofos, treated with small “Masha”.
Of folk remedies, farmers sometimes use a herbal mixture. Ezhovniki branches and white hellebore root grind into powder and powder plumage. Dried chamomile or tansy flowers, wormwood grass are added to the litter.
Red chicken tick
This blood-sucking parasite carries dangerous diseases - plague, borreliosis, cholera and others. It lives on damp bedding, in rooms with poor ventilation. Adults grow in length to 0.7 mm, they have a flat dark red body, which after receiving blood turns purple. To see the tick, it is enough with a clean white sheet to explore all the slits of the chicken coop. If there is danger, dark gray dots will appear on the paper.
- blanching combs and earrings due to blood loss,
- reduced egg production on the background of increased appetite,
- the failure of the hens to lay eggs in the same place
- slow chickens growth.
Without treatment, the chickens die after a while.
There are many ways of therapy. From insecticidal drugs use, for example, spray with permethrin EC. With a solution of 0.005% sprayed birds and premises. This protection lasts for 9 weeks. Before processing the walls, the floor is scalded with boiling water or burned with a blowtorch. If possible, irradiate the chicken coop with a quartz lamp.
Folk veterinary medicine suggests using dry bathing. In the pots poured a mixture of ash (2 buckets) and sand (1 bucket) and put in the poultry yard. You need to make sure that the mixture does not get wet. Healers placed dry mint, onion and garlic feathers in the hen house.
Syringophilus or feather scabies
This disease is caused by a variety of mites up to 1 mm long. The pest settles in the pen nidge in chickens older than 6 months. The infection proceeds from an infected bird.
- fragility and loss of primary and tail feathers,
- feather bag inflammation,
- the bird's desire to eat the bitten places
- the spread of fragility of plumage on the back,
- anemia and pallor of the skin,
- reduced productivity.
Ticks are removed by pyrethroid emulsion. They are sprayed or moistened feathers twice, maintaining a ten-day interval between procedures.
The chicken coop is free from birds, cleaned, burned feathers. The walls and floor are treated with benzophosphate emulsion (0.2%), 100–200 ml per 1 m2.
Traditional methods also offer dry bathing, which is prepared from the following components (proportion 1/1/8):
- sulfur, lime, sand,
- sulfur, tobacco, sand.
The tick settles under the skin on the legs of the bird. There is a disease, popularly called "lime foot". The name arose from the fact that the skin on this area of the body is compacted. The scientific term is cnemidocoptosis. Roosters are more vulnerable to infection.
Boron Vaseline is effective for treatment.. The oil is applied every 1-2 days on the affected skin (2-3 procedures). Mite dies under the film from a lack of oxygen. The course is repeated after 14 days to destroy the young individuals of the parasite. The treatment is carried out and healthy birds in contact with the patient. If the tick has infected more than 10% of the herd, then it is recommended to replace it.
The pest dies at a temperature of 70 degrees, so boiling water is used to disinfect the house.
From folk methods you can try tar. With the help of a sponge, they coat the limbs of the hens and the poles on which they sit. Trays with ashes and sand help to which add 2 packs of sulfur.
These small insects give chickens a lot of inconvenience and suffering due to painful bites and the risk of contracting dangerous diseases - plague, fever. As a rule, they attack in the dark and return to their shelter during the day.
- itching, why the bird is constantly scratching and cleaning feathers,
- red wounds - bites, and also irritation,
- the deterioration of the appearance of the herd, the loss of gloss and strength of feathers,
- reduced immunity, mild diseases are difficult to treat.
If there are bedbug bites on the body, the bird is transferred to a clean room. An old chicken coop is cleaned of litter and other contaminants, and then all the structural elements are burned with a blowtorch. The procedure is repeated several times with an interval of 10–12 days.
In order not to reintroduce bedbugs, every newly arrived bird is checked under the wings for insects.
Helminths can settle in the chicken's body. There are quite a number of internal parasites to which this species of domestic birds is exposed. These include:
- tracheal red worms,
Manifestations of helminthic invasions are usually the same. These include:
- weight loss,
- reduced egg production
- the eggshell is soft
- unkempt appearance
- enteritis is observed - inflammation of the small intestine,
- diarrhea with yellow feces,
- pallor comb
- lethargy, failure to eat.
Sources of infection are:
- substandard food,
- infected individuals
- eggs from someone else's farm.
Free-range chickens are most susceptible to helminthiasis, as well as those living in poultry houses and aviaries where hygiene rules are not followed and cleaning is rarely carried out.
Infection of chickens is dangerous because the larvae of some species of worms are able to get into the eggs. By consuming such a product, a person can become infected.
Diagnosis and treatment
The fact of infection with one or another type of helminth farmer is unable to establish, because other pathologies have similar manifestations. But for any sickness of the livestock, it is worm invasions that are considered as a possible cause of symptoms.
Diagnostics is carried out in the laboratory of the veterinary clinic. After that, the doctor prescribes treatment. Usually use these drugs:
- Fludenvet (flubendazole). It has a wide spectrum of action, is effective against worms of any stage of development. Available in powder form, fed at a dosage of 3 g per 1 kg of combined feed. The course of treatment is 7 days; in case of severe invasions, therapy is prolonged, repeated every 3–4 weeks. The drug is available in a concentration of 1% and 2.5%. After feeding Flupenveta in a higher concentration, they refrain from eating eggs and slaughtering, the period is indicated in the instructions.
- Invermectin. The drug is a broad-spectrum, works against external parasites - lice and ticks, but is ineffective against tapeworms. Despite the fact that the drug is not licensed for chickens, its veterinarians prescribe often. Therefore, the dose is checked with the specialist who conducts such an appointment.
The people for deworming recommend feeding to chickens:
- pumpkin seed,
- pomegranate bones,
- dried rose hips and lingonberries.
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In order to prevent external and internal contamination, one should strictly adhere to a simple rule - to clean poultry houses in a timely manner, disinsection using lime, potassium, potassium permanganate. Need and regular inspection of animals. If you identify the infection in the early stages, then it will be easier to treat the livestock, which will reduce losses. Baths with sand and ash must also be put in the courtyard.
New stock of birds is subject to mandatory deworming. There are also recommendations according to which prophylactic removal of worms should be carried out at least in spring and autumn.
The best way to get rid of parasites in the chicken coop room is to throw a sulfur checker there. Sulfur smoke is guaranteed to kill all living things, even in those cracks, where the fire does not reach. With the help of sulfur checkers you can not only carry out disinsection, but at the same time disinfect the chicken coop. Such checkers are inexpensive, but they have a drawback: there should be no necessary living creatures during the use of checkers in the room. Chickens will have to be moved to another place for a couple of days.
Folk remedies for the treatment of chickens from external parasites
Folk remedies would be more appropriate to call the methods of prevention from infection with parasites, and not treatment. Самым эффективным из всех является тазик с золой, в которой купаются куры, избавляясь от клещей и пероедов.Often there are tips on how to get rid of parasites using certain herbs, such as wormwood or tansy. Practice shows that the smell of freshly picked grass can scare away only fleas, which already do not seek to communicate with chickens. All other parasites will only rejoice at the appearance of such a cozy place for an ambush. Even fleas are not afraid of dried grass. Therefore, the best option would be a systematic treatment of chickens and poultry houses with drugs designed to kill insects.
Symptoms: bowel dysfunction, impaired coordination of movements, paralysis at the end of the disease.
From tapeworms significantly harder to get rid of than the round, and garlic is not an assistant. The danger of tapeworms is that even when using sufficiently strong anthelmintic drugs, the worm can shed its entire body, leaving only its head stuck to the wall of the chicken intestine. From the head of the worm, the segments of the parasite's tape body will grow back.
Thus, getting rid of the parasite of the parasite by folk remedies is impossible, but modern drugs, at least, imply control over the vital activity of the worm.
Is it necessary to treat chickens from worms, with what frequency and with what preparations
When treating chickens with anthelmintics, the owners rid the birds of worms only temporarily. Sooner or later, these parasites again infect chickens. Nevertheless, deworming is necessary to maintain the productivity of chickens.
Due to the fact that broilers have a lifespan of 2 months, regular deworming of these chickens is irrelevant. It is enough to carry out treatment from parasites according to indications. Hens should be dewormed once every 4 months, since even non-walking chickens can become infected with worms through contaminated feed or from rats.
After deworming, the hens clean the entire litter, and the floor and, preferably, the walls in the hen house are thoroughly disinfected to destroy the parasite eggs. The litter and litter are burned.
Worms cause significant economic damage to the pipe, but methods of dealing with them are worked out. It is much more difficult to cope with a bug and a tick, which are clogged in any crack that is difficult to distinguish by the eye. Without the use of sulfuric smoke, the parasite shelter will most likely be missed. These parasites breed very quickly. A few days is enough to restore the parasite population.
What are chicken pests
Poultry are exposed to many pathologies caused by other organisms. Most often, they are attacked by external parasites on the body.
- Red chicken tick,
- Northern bird tick,
- Chicken louse
- Scabies mite,
- Feather tick.
Bird parasites can settle in internal organs:
- Gastric worm,
Even a small number of parasites in the chicken coop can cause serious bird losses. You must be able to determine that the birds appeared parasites at the right time.
Symptoms of disease depends on the pest attacking the birds. The main symptoms of the presence of pests on the bird include:
- Any species of ticks on birds can be seen with the naked eye. Also, birds can begin to carry far fewer eggs than usual. Signs include small ulcers on the body, the nervous behavior of the bird, cough and chicken hoarseness,
- Lice on birds can contribute to balding birds. With careful inspection, you can notice their presence. Birds can rummage in the plumage, giving out nervous anxiety. The skin of the chickens begins to peel off, its particles begin to flake off,
- Internal pests cause coughing, hoarseness, weight loss, litter of uncharacteristic color and too liquid, diarrhea, growth and development retardation, nervous behavior of chickens.
The control of any of the above pests should begin immediately after the onset of symptoms. If time does not take action and not begin a comprehensive treatment, then the death of birds is possible.
Bear in mind that treating a chicken coop from parasites is one of the main prevention and treatment measures. Medicinal preparations may contain substances that subsequently accumulate in eggs and chicken meat. Make sure that the drugs do not fall on the birds and their eggs. Consider how to get rid of parasites.
Treatment should be carried out in accordance with the instructions, if it concerns internal pests. If we are talking about skin pests, then they can be dealt with both chemical and folk remedies.
Ash helps remove lice
How to rid chickens of parasites by folk methods:
- Ledum, wormwood, rosemary and tansy, laid out in the hen house, will save the birds from fleas,
- Plain ash from the kiln fights lice. Place a container with this substance in the hen house, the birds will swim in it themselves,
- To rid the chicken of the tick, treat the affected place with vegetable oil,
- Mix tar and vegetable oil, then the resulting substance process the chicken coop. This tool will relieve chickens from bedbugs.
Freedom from the parasites of chickens folk remedies is possible if we are talking about a small number of birds. Remember that outdoor insects can exist for a long time without their carrier, so special attention should be paid to the processing of the chicken coop.
How to get rid of parasites by chemical means:
- The preparations "Bars", "Stomazon", "Front Line", "Neotomazan" have a good reputation in the fight against pests,
- Processing chicken coop dust - an effective and fast tool,
- “Butox” is a solution that should be applied to the feather part of birds. Similarly, the drug "Deltamethrin".
Make sure that the treatment of chickens from parasites touched each bird.
How to get rid of parasites living inside the body, knows almost every farmer. Use these drugs:
After each bird has been processed, it is necessary to move them temporarily to another place of residence in order to process the chicken coop. Treatment should be carried out at least once a year, regardless of the presence of pests.
How to handle a chicken coop
We looked at how to get rid of parasites. However, without proper treatment of the chicken coop, all measures will be in vain, and the birds will become infected again and again. So, how to treat a chicken coop from parasites:
- Wipe your feet before entering the coop. Cover the walls of the room with lime,
- Clean the room, remove from it all the waste products of birds,
- As a detergent it is best to use water with apple cider vinegar,
- "Formalin" is a substance with which it is often treated chicken coops, but remember that it is quite toxic. When working with him you will need a special protective suit,
- Glutex and Virotz also performed well in the processing of the house,
- Bleaching powder is a fairly effective remedy, it is unlikely that any insect will survive after treatment, but it is quite toxic. Therefore, lime is not recommended to use, in order not to harm birds.
Photos of parasites you can see above, to know how they look and what you have to fight. Than to process a chicken coop from parasites, we considered.
If you do not want to independently engage in this matter, then contact the help of specialists. But be prepared that a large amount of money will have to be paid for their services, since far from all organizations are ready to take on such a responsible business.
Parasitic diseases in birds
Other birds, living next to a sick individual, may suffer from insects in chickens.
Clearing the chicken coop and enclosures is the primary task of the farmer and novice poultry farmer. About how to treat the chicken coop from parasites, everyone should know who breeds unpretentious in the care of pets.
Treatment of the coop from parasites is carried out using special disinfectants. A person who performs this kind of cleaning should protect against chemicals on the skin and in the respiratory tract. In the chicken aviary there can be several species of insects. Birds exposed to constant bites, behave aggressively and quickly lose weight. From bites on the body of chickens wounds appear that feathers are combing. Open wounds - a favorable environment for the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms and bacteria. If not carefully processed, the chicken coop remains a dangerous place for chickens to live.
From the parasites in chickens the whole body weakens. Hazardous substances can appear in the meat and eggs of winged animals that will harm humans. To process the house should be simultaneously with the fight against pests. From parasites of different types and genus helps medication. The chicken coop is cleaned without a bird, which is better not to be exposed to additional danger. In the chicken enclosure changing bedding and upholstery. In order for parasites not to appear in meat and poultry eggs, an urgent integrated pest control must be organized in a domestic chicken coop.
Variety of parasites
Different drugs help only from certain types of insects. Disease caused by pests that lead a parasitic lifestyle can be cured in a matter of days, if you do not lose valuable time. The first symptoms of the disease will help determine the exact diagnosis and quickly get rid of the disease. It is impossible to use the preparations without revealing the type of parasite in the hens: the wrong means can harm the feathery, which has weakened after an illness. Insects can move from animal to human. Preparations for the treatment of the chicken coop help to quickly remove the infection and can protect the farmer and his family from parasitic diseases.
In the chicken enclosure insects are arranged in crevices and secluded dark places. Without cleaning the room where the birds live, to get rid of them completely will not succeed. To choose drugs, you should decide on the type of pest. What insects threaten chickens? The fight is conducted with insects that infect an adult and young:
A chicken coop is a potentially dangerous place for guinea fowls, geese or turkeys. The appearance of lice and other dangerous organisms is not uncommon. It is important to protect all domesticated winged living creatures (for more details, the appearance of the pest can be seen in the photo). Infection occurs within a few days. Pests from one sick individual quickly switch to a healthy chicken. Even an experienced farmer will not be able to prevent mass infection. Pest control in pets is carried out as soon as the first symptoms of lice bites or nervousness appear in the winged one. Dilute drugs without instructions or inspection of the vet is impossible. In the chicken aviary you need to clean every corner and gap.
To be able to protect a flock of domesticated birds, in the meat and eggs of which pests quickly infest, and not to take emergency measures - the biggest mistake of the poultry farmer. If in the initial stages of a parasitic disease in meat there are no pests, then over time, the harm from the effects of insect pests affects the quality of food obtained from pets (in meat or eggs). Chicken parasites, lice are barely noticeable pests without wings. It is difficult to see a rounded segmental body, and it will not be possible to catch it on the animal’s body at all.
Chicken lice in chickens
A person may suffer from chicken lice. Infected birds carry on themselves up to a dozen pests who are looking for a new host for a parasitic lifestyle. In total, there are up to 2,000 mallofages in nature. The color of the parasite, brown and dark gray, does not stand out against the background of the plumage of hens or roosters. The massive flea head is the most elongated body. The total size of the pest is not more than 2 mm. However, subtle parasites cause obvious damage.
An effective tool that will help get rid of insects, is available in the form of aerosols or liquid substances.
Such funds can completely cover the plumage of infected birds. Birds are sensitive to skin lesions: they become aggressive and harm themselves, trying to comb the bite site. The bird cannot get rid of lice on its own. Bring out the parasite on the strength of a caring poultry farmer. A photo of an infected bird without treatment demonstrates how deplorable the condition of an infected bird can be without any actions aimed at improving the situation.
The first symptoms, when chickens itch and lose weight, are an alarming sign for the poultry farmer. Such signs can cause the death of chicken stock. Farm farmer treatment and chicken coop treatment are two simple methods to control parasites in a chicken flock.