The flower of lihnis in Greek means “lamp”. The culture of the family of cloves has received its name due to the inflorescences of bright color. There are more than fifty species of a perennial herb. Cultivated also as an annual. It is widely spread in northern regions. Several frost-resistant varieties are found in the arctic zone. Large inflorescences may have a milky, pink, yellow or scarlet hue. After flowering on the crop fruits appear in the form of polynokoshkov. The shape of the plant is a little down. The oblong leaves of the ovoid structure are densely located on numerous shoots. Small seeds are able to remain viable for more than 3 years. The plant (also known as Tatar soap and dawn) is perfectly combined with gypsophilia and bells.
The flower develops rapidly at a temperature of + 18 to + 25 degrees. A thermometer reading below + 15 degrees can stop the growth and production of inflorescences.
A drought-resistant plant does not tolerate swampy soil.
Excessive watering can destroy the plant.
Water culture should be as the drying of the top layer of soil.
Concentration of water in the environment does not affect the growing season. Campion can safely withstand dry air. To prevent infection, you should maintain a psychrometer mark above + 50 degrees.
The plant can develop in one area of the order of 5 years.
Campion can actively develop in one place for about 5 years.
Poor flowering and faded leaves indicate an overgrowth of the root system. It is necessary in late May or early June to dig a flower and divide the rhizome.
After the withering of the inflorescences it is possible to trim the flower stalks. The plant does not spend power on the formation of seed pods.
In a few days new buds will form. Camping with constant pruning may continue to bloom until the autumn cooling.
Camping in open ground
For successful cultivation of a crop, it is necessary to choose the right landing site. Ideally suited to the cultivation of litnis with a fertile, breathable soil. You can independently prepare the composition for the hole. To do this, you need clean medium-grained sand and sheet soil.
The plant may die from marshiness. It is necessary to regularly loosen the ground at the base of the plant.
In adverse conditions, you can prepare in advance a place for disembarkation. 30 days before planting should dig up the ground (30 cm deep). It will take 40 grams of potassium magnesia per square meter. Additionally, you can use superphosphate and compost.
Campion belongs to cold-resistant crops. Additional shelter in winter is not required.
Additional protection in the cold season is not required.
The popular species of Limis “Koronchaty” prefers moderate watering and fertilizing. It should be timely to change the layer of mulch and remove dried inflorescences. Before the first frost it is necessary to clean the plant from all ground shoots and leaves. It is advisable to cut all areas to the base of the root.
In the open air, mineral components should be added periodically to the soil. During the active growing season, it is enough to feed the soil 3 times at the base of the crop. Before the formation of the first buds, it is necessary to prepare a solution. The composition should include urea, superphosphate and potassium sulfate.
Features of growing crops on the site can be found in the video:
- 1. Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Description
- 3. Growing from seed
- 3.1. When to plant
- 3.2. How to plant
- 4. Care
- 4.1. Growing up
- 4.2. Diseases and pests
- 4.3. Lychnis after flowering
- 5. Types and varieties
Planting and caring for lichen (briefly)
- Bloom: from the end of May to the end of July from the second year after sowing.
- Landing: Sowing seeds in open ground - in the winter or in early spring.
- Lighting: bright sun, but still the crown-shaped one prefers partial shade and shadow.
- The soil: moderately moist, well drained and fertile.
- Watering: regular, in the heat frequent.
- Top dressing: 2-3 per season: 1st - as soon as shoots appear, then every 2-3 weeks.
- Reproduction: seed.
- Pests: aphids, moths.
- Diseases: root rot, rust, leaf spot.
Flower Lychnis - description
Campion is a herbaceous rhizomatous perennial plant with a height from 40 to 100 cm with a straight, rounded stalk covered with hairs in cross section. Leaves at Lichnis lanceolate-ovate, sharp, sometimes heart-shaped at the base, coarse on both sides, semisteco-wide. Both-field flowers, about 2 cm in diameter, with bichromatic petals of bright red, pink, yellowish, white or bright orange color, are collected in the final scutes or heads. The fruit of Lychnisa is a polyunus with kidney-shaped dark brown seeds with a diameter of up to 2 mm, which remain viable for 3-4 years. At one place, multi-year lithnis can grow up to 5 years.
When to plant lithnis in the ground.
Breeding seeds, lithnis sown in open ground before winter or in early spring. In any case, you will see the first flowering in a year, except that when planting before winter and favorable weather, litnis will bloom in summer, and even then not at full strength. If you want to see the flowering this year, you will have to sow the seeds of Lichnis for seedlings in March, having previously stratified them for 2-4 weeks in the refrigerator. Crops are kept at a temperature of 18-20 ºC, seedlings may appear in a few weeks, and by disembarking in open ground the litnis from seeds will be ready by the end of May after two weeks of hardening.
In the case of a non-seedling method of growing, litnis is sown in open ground from April to June.
How to plant lithnis in the garden.
Campion - a plant to undemanding growing conditions, but when choosing a place to plant it should be borne in mind that, apart from crown prince, which grows well in the shade, all species love the sunlit areas, and prefer well-drained, fertile and moderately moist soil. Therefore, before sowing, it is necessary to add to the soil for each m² a bucket of river sand, 50 g of superphosphate and 40 g of potassium magnesia, and if the soil is clayey, you should additionally fertilize it with humus or compost. Sour soil before sowing lime.
The seeds that have passed during the month are sown in cold stratification in grooves, sealed and watered. The optimum germination temperature of seeds of Lichnis is 18-20 ºC. Shoots will appear in 17-25 days.
Cultivation of Lychnisa in the garden.
Camping in the open field needs regular watering, especially in extreme heat. After moistening, periodically loosen the soil around the plants and weed out. Keep in mind that litnis is a plant devoid of assertiveness, and you will have to fight for its life and health. Remove wilted inflorescences in order to prolong the blooming of Lichnis, and do not allow other plants to wade into its area.
Cultivation of lichen involves the introduction of 2-3 supplements during the growing season. The first fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizer is carried out as soon as the seedlings grow a little and get stronger, and the next - every 2-3 weeks.
Campion after flowering.
Spent winter in the garden without shelter, for this it is quite cold-resistant. The only exceptions are terry varieties of plants that need to be sheltered for the winter. When the leaves and stalks of juniper begin to turn yellow and wither, they are cut to the ground. Terry plants after pruning cover with peat, foliage or covered with dry earth.
As you can see, planting lihnisa and care for him is not time consuming.
Secrets of the successful cultivation of lichen seedThis beautiful and bright flower can not fail to attract attention. It can be found in the professional work of landscape designers, and in the flowerbeds of private plots. Further in the article we will describe a plant called Lychnis, tell about planting and caring for them, show photos of different species and flower beds with Lychnis.
a brief description of
Lychnis is a perennial grass, grows up to 100 cm, has a straight, straight cylindrical stem covered with hairs. The leaves are oval, elongated, pointed, rough. The flowers are small, with a diameter of about 2 cm, bright red, pink, yellowish, white or bright orange shade, form shields or heads.
Fruits of juniper germinate for 3-4 years - these are small nuts of dark color. Without a transplant, the plant feels great up to 5 years.
If the land in your area is dense, you need to add sand there (about 1 bucket per 1 sq. M). It is advisable to add humus or compost before planting. To neutralize the acidity of the soil, add lime or dolomite flour. During the digging of the site for planting dawn, put in fertilizer there - superphosphate and potassium magnesia.
Watering and weeding
Watering and weeding - the most important conditions for the full growth of the flower.
Watering is necessary every week and very abundant. The next watering spend after complete drying of the place of growth. After watering necessarily loosen the ground.
To preserve moisture, it is recommended to mulch the soil. Adonis - not a competitive plant. If you do not weed or run a growth site, then other plants will clog it. Therefore, thoroughly clean the ground around lihnisa.
Dawn responds well to mineral fertilizers. It is recommended for the growing season to do 2-3 feeding: the first - immediately after germination, and the next - in 3-4 weeks. The best dressing can be considered a mixture of urea, superphosphate and potassium sulfate.
Another option for a later fertilizer is potassium sulfate, Agricol 7, superphosphate.
To prolong flowering, periodically remove flowering inflorescences. So you will increase the aesthetics of adonis.
For winter, it is recommended to cut the plant almost to the root - it will be enough to leave 5–10 cm of the stem. This will facilitate the wintering process of lichen.
Disease and pest resistance
The main problem for the dawn is water overflow. Therefore, the most frequent diseases are fungi. Because of the abundant moisture, root rot, rust, spots on the leaves appear.
Of insect pests most common aphid and leafworm. You can fight them with the infusion of tobacco and soap. If there are a lot of insects, then use insecticides such as “Aktara”, “Tanrek”.
The main rule of a successful wintering is the correct pruning (this was written above). After this procedure, the plant tolerates the winter without additional shelters.
Like any perennial, dawn has several methods of reproduction. This is growing from seeds (this is also written above), and grafting, and dividing the bush.
For cuttings in the summer, young shoots of short length (up to 25 cm) are cut. After that, they are germinated and rooted. Rooting is best carried out under film and in greenhouses. Such cuttings will be ready for planting in September.
This procedure is carried out in the autumn, after the cessation of flowering. It is worth sharing already adult bushes (3-5 years). This bush can be divided into 3-5 parts. Planted such parts at a distance of 20-30 cm from each other.
Use in landscape design
Adonis looks good near primroses, bells, daylilies and gaylardiy. The red lindens contrasts well with the white cornwood.
Dawn is often used in landscape design to create alpine slides, rockeries, flower beds, borders and gardens. In the middle of a bright green lawn, the blooms look great and live up to their name - bright flowers seem to burn against the background of grass.