“We shall prick our hands,” the peasants noted. But that is said about the seduction, about the fanged and evil budyaka. The floor is primarily a massacre with quinoa. From jerking silky stems, from squeezing mealy leaves, you can’t pick your palms, but your hands will soak in green juice, choke and crack. It seems that it is easy to tear a quinoa, but you cannot cope with it immediately - it climbs thickly out of the ground, quickly, especially along potato rows. “Osote and quinoa for crops is a misfortune,” one more proverb of villagers will recall.
Quinoa is also called "white mary." But this name is rather a bookish one, in the people the quinoa is also called the goose paw: leaves with an outline like a goose paw.
Quinoa - a weed and, moreover, from the evil. But the benefits of it in the economy is. In early spring, her tender shoots are flavored with meat broth, put this greens in botvinia and salads. They even tried to plant quinoa for kitchens on dishes, and she “refused” to compete with vegetables. Say, smacks in a difficult time. And the old age in the hard times: in the spring with vegetables, in the winter - with bread.
On the first autumn, on warm September days, the quinoa was pinched, dried in rows, then threshed. So stocked seeds, small, black, like poppy. Pounding poured into bags and spent as needed. So that the quinoa would help the bread, the seeds were steamed, dried, ground, and only then poured into the flour, making a mixture from this mixture. Bread is hard, heavy for health.
But just put the quinoa in the cattle feed. Weed the weed in the garden - and feed the cows and pigs - willingly eat leaves and young stems. In winter, white mart is dried with other weeds. In Tambov villages, especially in the Podstep'e, quinoa was dried for livestock along with bindweed, thistle, schichritz and Chista. In winter, neither a sheep with lambs, nor a heifer or cow will turn away from such a “litter”. Sheep even eat large stalks, budylye. Sated with quinoa and rabbits, picking up all the leaves and stems.
Quinoa seeds - concentrated feed, which is more nutritious than bran bran. But the swan seeds must be steamed before grinding, otherwise the food will turn out to be bitter, indigestible. Even quinoa is useful for quinoa: an increase of 1% flour and a diet saves young birds from beriberi.
The biology of quinoa is such that its shoots appear throughout the summer. Very often, among large plants, you will see a fit of young shoots, and even lower and completely shoots.
In the soil, especially in the littered area, so many quinoa seeds have been accumulated that they amount to thousands per square meter. Every second seed in the land belongs to a swan. These invisible hordes of convenient pores are “waiting” to ascend and form fruit-bearing plants. For some seeds, a convenient time will come only after five, or even six years, and until that time they are in the ground, without losing their germination. In the water, the seeds of quinoa remain alive for 32 months, because their shell is waterproof. The fertility of this weed is huge, one plant produces up to 100 thousand seeds! By weight it will be only 85 grams, that's how small the black grains are. In order for the quinoa not to clog the crops, especially in thinned areas, a shelf or mowing of a weed is necessary (before it blooms).
Of course, it is impossible to destroy the quinoa everywhere. These plants, like any other, are necessary to maintain a normal ecological situation. Take, for example, the same quinoa. Without her pollen (bee pollen), bees would start hunger strikes. With plenty of honey in nature, the hive still zahiret, comes as they say beekeepers, to a handful of bees. In the spring, winged laborers remove parga from hazel, willow, maples, elms and oaks. In the summer? In the summer of bees, mainly, quinoa help out, salvage and cornflower - bloom continuously.
Methods of struggle
When the first signs of growth of quinoa appear, thorough weeding should be carried out. Since the seeds contained in the soil sprout unevenly, it is advisable to assume that weeding will need systematic. It is important to understand that by allowing the technical maturity of a single plant, the dacha swan fight will be delayed for several years to come. Young seedlings with a taped root system are best exposed to weeding. Subsequently, the root of the quinoa begins to develop in breadth, forming complex, branchy processes. Floating out more tall specimens, it is easy to leave the root in the soil, and the plant will begin its development with a new force. Mowing weed results, as a rule, does not bring. With a sufficient level of soil moisture, the root continues to actively grow, and the newly emerged shoots will have time to mature to the stage of self-seeding.
Freedom from the adult quinoa bush can provoke the death of seedlings located near the weed and falling under the entanglement of the root system.
The use of herbicides, specialized agents that have a poisonous effect on the plant, contributes to the complete elimination. Young shoots are especially sensitive to the treatment; several treatments are possible for the destruction of adult bushes.
Even the most attentive and diligent summer resident can detect the appearance of a quinoa on his plot. The reason for this is the introduction of manure containing thousands of weed seeds. Due to the incredibly long period of germination, the seeds of this grass are perfectly experienced for a long time in compost pits, humus boxes. Having gained access to the prepared, dug up and loosened soil, quinoa begins to develop the newly granted territory. Therefore, when using manure and humus, you should prepare for frequent weeding of the garden, in order to avoid the development of weedy ridges.
In the manufacture of compost, it is necessary to limit the use of herbs with seed buds - they should be burned.
The place where the quinoa self-seeding was nevertheless allowed, should be promulgated using garden fabric and natural material - manure, re-ripened straw and sawdust, fallen leaves, which can stop the access of sunlight directly to the soil.
Since the quinoa is able to spread the seed of its own seeds to areas of a sufficiently large radius, it is also necessary to dispose of the plant beyond the cottage perimeter, on the sides of adjacent roads and on the border with neighboring areas.
In Russia, the quinoa was considered edible from time immemorial. In simple peasant houses, soup was cooked from it, and seeds were used as fodder for poultry in winter. The leaves were fermented along with the cabbage. The historical fact is the use of weed seeds as a material for the manufacture of flour in the conditions of besieged Leningrad. Bread from the quinoa was recalled by many participants in those tragic events. Currently, some varieties are widely distributed, the leaves of which are especially valuable in salads and decorations of meat dishes.
The nutritional value of quinoa lies in the high content of vegetable protein, vitamins E, PP, C, a variety of macro - and micronutrients, fiber.
In folk medicine, it is used mainly as an antitussive. However, there is a widespread high opinion about the fortifying effect, which is achieved with regular use of the raw leaves of the plant. Its juice has a mild laxative effect. It is also taken to combat obsessive chronic pain syndromes.
However, we do not recommend self-medication, and if you feel unwell, it’s better to go to a doctor right away!
Quinoa - for crops trouble, or how to deal with quinoa
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Quinoa: photos, features of growth and reproduction
Quinoa grows in temperate and tropical climates. In Russia, two types of quinoa are most common:
- Sadovaya. Weed has large leaves that combine green and yellow colors.
- Common. Leaf plates are well developed. On them small hairs of a silvery shade are noticeable.
Quinoa chooses salt deposits from the soil. Therefore, this plant is often used to reduce land salinity. Weed has a strong root system, from which additional shoots grow. Their distribution quickly leads to the emergence of new plants and their subsequent flowering. Stems are able to grow up to 1 meter.
The flowering process begins in June, ends in September-October. If the quinoa weed is not destroyed on time, its seeds will scatter across the field. Indeed, one plant forms about 20 thousand seeds. They are divided into three groups with different phases of rest. Large brown seeds will sprout the next spring, greenish-black - in a year. The smallest and black can wait in the soil for 7-8 years.
How to get rid of quinoa
Traditionally, weed control uses deep plowing of the soil. To do this, use both conventional shovels and specialized equipment. If the land is relatively small, the quinoa can be covered with black film. It will burn out in a few days.
To reliably destroy weeds, but do not damage crops, use chemical plant protection products. Agrochemists, answering the question of how to deal with quinoa, recommend the use of herbicides from the company Bayer.
Highly effective remedy Zenkor Ultra is widely used to destroy quinoa in a potato field. The active substance metribuzin penetrates the structure of the plant. The drug violates photosynthesis in weed tissues, the result of the action will become noticeable in a few days. For processing one weave enough to use 10-12 ml. Zenkor Ultra can be applied for 2 years after purchase.
You can buy crop protection products from Bayer distributors in Russian regions. Its products are popular in the market of agrochemicals. Effective herbicides Puma Super 7.5, Panther, Merlin and Betanal maxPro will effectively deal with weeds in a few days.
Riddle. In the field, the garden - just in trouble! Slows crops. (cm). What is it?
In the field, the garden - just in trouble!
Sows crops weed.
In the garden, right, misfortune sows grass QUINOA . There are about 250 varieties of quinoa that are found all over the world and only the “Quinoa garden” edible is used to prepare first courses and salads. pull out salt from the soil and accumulate in the upper part in the knobs. But if a quinoa falls where other crops grow, then it, like other weeds, makes growth difficult and has to be fought.
Biological features of quinoa
Quinoa (Atriplex) - genus Amaranth family (Amaranthaceae), or Mellows (Chenopodiaceae), numbering about 250 species.
Left - garden quinoa (Atriplex hortensis), on the right - arrow quinoa (Atriplex sagittata). Botanical illustration by Jacob Sturm from Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen, 1796
Often a relative is also called swan — mary (Chenopódium). Despite the fact that they belong to different genera of the same family, the similarity between these plants is so great that they are surely distinguished, probably, only by botanists. It is difficult for an ordinary gardener to understand such nuances, and it is not necessary, in general, because even popular literature and reference books of medicinal plants are often combined, describing them as one plant. Therefore, we in this article will be talking about both quinoa and mar.
Most often, quinoa is found on potato plantations - there are optimal conditions for it. It does not disdain landfills and wastelands, and grows on the sides of roads and arable land. But in the meadow, in the field raznotrave you will never find it.
On the territory of our country the most common wild species is considered sprawling quinoa (Atriplex patula). In terms of gastronomic interest garden quinoa (Atriplex hortensis) - in European countries it is cultivated in gardens and use fresh leaves of the plant for the preparation of various dishes.
Garden quinoa - not a weed, but a food and ornamental plant
Breed and quinoa, and Mary seeds. The leader in their "production" is considered white mary (Chenopodiumalbum): one plant produces more than 100 thousand seeds per season (and some sources give more impressive figures, up to 700 thousand). However, the matter is not only in quantity, but also in quality.
Mar forms three kinds of seeds. The first - the largest, brown. They germinate almost as soon as they reach the ground. The second - smaller, greenish-black. Their task is to winter and sprout the following year in early spring. Third - the smallest, black, with a dense shell. They are “responsible” for the preservation and distribution of the species: these seeds remain viable for up to 10 years, they are not harmed by adverse conditions. It is they who, together with manure, “come” to the fields-gardens and populate new territories - even such a tough test as traveling through the digestive tract of ungulates, is not capable of killing them.
Quinoa and maria form a huge number of seeds
It is useful to know about one more particularity of the seeds of the quinoa and mari: only those that germinate, which end up in the soil at a depth of no more than 4 cm, sprout.