Among the many varieties, pear Otradnenskaya is one of the most popular. It was obtained by crossing Forest Beauty and Theme. Thanks to this decision of breeders, a plant was created that, with proper care, pleases with beautiful and juicy fruits in the autumn period of the year.
Pear Otradnenskaya: features of the variety and its characteristics
Officially, the estimates of this variety are as follows: 4 for the appearance and 3.7-4 for the fruits of the tree. The main advantage of the variety Otradnenskaya in its resistance to disease, especially scab. It is also resistant to winter frosts and has a fast ripening time. The tree is self-fertile, but in conditions of inter-pollination gives a big harvest.
In the role of pollinator, it is good to use varieties: Chizhovskaya or Lyubimitsa Yakovleva.
Young specimens have a funnel shape, which changes with age and turns into a circle or oval. The branches are covered with small leaves of saturated green color. This is a type of tree. The trunk of the pear and the skeletal branches have a rather dark color. The remaining shoots are covered with a lighter bark.
Skeletal branches grow from the trunk at a slight angle, because of this, they break from the weight of ripe fruits. The shoots of this variety are medium in size, slightly curved. Buds are brown, slightly conical in outline.
Foliage pear Otradnenskaya contour resembles an oval, but slightly elongated and curved. The edge of the plate has a notch. Leaves are kept on long petioles. Their upper part is smooth.
Buds are collected in clusters in the form of a brush. In uncool, they acquire a white tint. The ovary is formed mainly on short branches.
Variety Otradnenskaya starts fruiting at the age of 4 or 5 years. The weight of a pear does not exceed 150 g. The shape of the fruit is almost round. The color of fruit is yellow-green with a characteristic reddish side.
The fruits of this variety have high taste, have a sweet, dense flesh. Ripe pears are quite loose, they crumble in the mouth. Due to the fact that fruits are fairly solid, they can be transported over various distances.
Variety pears Otradnenskaya fruits steadily, has yield indicators above average.
Features planting pear seedlings varieties Otradnenskaya
Planting of this variety can be carried out twice a year. These can be autumn or spring months. If the seedling was grown in a container, then you can plant it at any time, while the weather is warm.
Fruit trees planted during the autumn months grow more slowly. Therefore, experienced gardeners recommend planting pears in the spring even in the case when the seedling is obtained in the fall.
Where better to plant
Important conditions for a good growing season are enough light and full air circulation. The characteristics of the soil pear is not very capricious, but if the earth is poor, then before planting a tree it is enriched with the necessary components.
It should be remembered that plant a seedling stands on the site where there is no near large trees and buildings.
Stepwise landing process
For planting pear Otradnenskaya select only healthy young seedlings. They must be free from defects. Then prepare a dimple. Its diameter should be about 80 cm, and the depth - not less than 1 m.
It is better to choose instances that are less than two years old. The older the seedling, the less chances for its successful planting.
The upper fertile soil layer must be carefully removed. Then mix it with mineral and organic fertilizers. In the resulting substrate add about 10 liters of compost, 0.25 superphosphate, 3-4 “palms” of ash and 0.15 liters of potash fertilizers. From this soil mixture at the bottom of the pit form a cone, slightly tamping the ground. Then place the tree to its rhizome braided cone.
The pit with a seedling is filled with the prepared mixture so that the root neck is several centimeters higher than the soil. This is very important, otherwise after irrigation and subsidence of the soil, it will go underground.
Pear care Otradnenskaya simple. For the plant to develop properly and bring a bountiful harvest, special skills are not needed. But still there are some features that are worth adhering to. They should be taken into account by those who are just beginning to engage in gardening.
Pear does not like too wet soil, so the optimum frequency of watering - 1 time per month. If the weather is rainy, then irrigation should be even less.
Basic rules for plant care:
- Insect treatment. At the very beginning of spring, until the tree begins to form buds, it is sprayed for preventive purposes. Good results are obtained by treatment with ammonia with a concentration of 10%. Before blooming flowers and immediately after flowering, the tree is treated with insecticides to protect the pear tree from moth, ticks, tsvetoedov.
- Watering the tree. The first year after planting, the young tree should be watered regularly. The earth should not dry up, otherwise the sapling will disappear. Also, after each irrigation, the soil around the trunk is loosened, this will protect it from the rapid evaporation of moisture.
- Top dressing. In the autumn period, fertilizers are necessary for the formation of wood, which, in turn, helps to winter the tree well. Preparations based on potassium and phosphorus are most suitable for feeding at this time. In the spring, the pear is fed with nitrogen mixtures and organic matter.
As for pruning, for pear Otradnenskaya, it is simply necessary. The first procedure is carried out immediately after landing. Annual specimens are cut so that their height is no more than a meter. Also remove shoots in the lower half of the tree.
The following year the exact same procedure is carried out. Biennial seedlings are subjected to less pruning - only a third of their height. Due to this, the tree will receive an incentive to form a strong root system.
If you follow the simple rules of planting and caring for the Otradnenskaya pear, then the tree will certainly thank a good harvest. Fruits will grow beautiful and very tasty.
Characteristics of a variety
Standard type tree, medium height. The crown is wide, with dense foliage. The bark on the trunk and the main branches of the dark gray. The buds deviated from the branches have a cone-shaped outline and brown color. Thin green leaves of medium size, shaped like an egg. Their surface is smooth, without pubescence. Each brush has 5-7 white flowers of medium size.
Features of growing
Pear "Otradnenskaya" although it can partially self-pollinating, requires the right neighborhood for full fruiting. Suitable varieties:
First of all, a place is chosen for sapling placement. The space should be open, with good lighting and ventilation. The soil can be completely any, the main thing is to fertilize it during planting. The best time to plant a young tree is spring. But you can make this procedure in the fall.
Humus, ashes and complex fertilizers are placed in a planting hole 80 cm deep, 100 cm by 80 cm in size. The roots of the seedling gently straighten and covered with earth.
The final stage of planting - installation of a peg or other support near the barrel of a pear. They tie a tree with a string very carefully, in several places.
In the first year, the sapling is very important to water regularly, avoiding drying out and over-wetting the soil. Also, several times a season, the land is loosened around the tree.
In the spring, the next year after planting, be sure to pruning branches. Shoots shorten by about a third.
Pear "Otradnenskaya" is characterized by persistent immunity to common diseases. Prophylactic treatment is carried out in early spring, before the start of sap flow.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- Partial selfing,
- Resistance to diseases and adverse weather changes,
- Annual fruiting,
- Productivity is stable and abundant (30-40 kg per 1 tree),
- The fruits are practically not showered from the branches,
- Possible long-term storage at zero temperature.
- Good winter hardiness.
- Variety mainly for technical purposes (for processing)
- Lack of juiciness and bright flavor.
The variety "Otradnenskaya" is suitable for cultivation in almost all regions of Russia, due to its frost resistance and unpretentiousness to climatic conditions. Fruiting annual, in September. The harvest is well kept for several months and can be used for any culinary purposes.
Have pear about 60 natural species. As a result of hybridization, many interesting varieties of pears appeared.
Pears have about 60 natural species and many varieties.
Today, thanks to the work of breeders, a huge amount of them has been developed.
Pear 'Favorite Clapp'
The tree of this species is tall or medium. Large, elongated fruit. The main color is yellow with a carmine-red blush. Very juicy white tender flesh of beautiful sweet-sour taste. Fruits after planting in the 7th year.
Pear 'Clapp's Favorite' (Clapp's Favorite). Photo from zlatpitomnik.ru
The variety belongs to the samobzhelodny. Removable maturity in warm areas (Krasnodar Territory) occurs from July 28 to August 1 of a week. In colder and mountainous areas around mid-August.
Early maturity grade. Bred in the Moscow Agricultural Academy. KA Timiryazeva by crossing the varieties of 'Forest Beauty' and 'Olga'.
Pear 'Lada'. Photo from legkovmeste.ru
The color of the fruit is light yellow with a red spot of blush. The flesh is fine-grained, medium juicy, yellowish-white. Regularly fruiting, partially self-pollinated variety.
Ripens in the fall. In mid-September, the fruit is removed from the tree. The color of the fruit when collecting from a tree is greenish-yellow with crimson bright spots. The fruit has a sweet-sour taste, very juicy, oily, white flesh.
Variety of pears 'Nectar'
Starts to fructify for 5 year after landing (one-year saplings). Very winter hardy, drought resistant and tasty variety.
In the article Growing Fruit Trees on a Trellis you will find several more varieties of pears suitable for wall trellis.
The history of creating varieties of pears "Otradnenskaya"Pear "Otradnenskaya"was withdrawn at the Moscow Agricultural Academy. KA Timiryazev. Breeders S.T. Chizhov and S.P. Potapov, who are the authors of a huge number of equally popular hybrid varieties of pears (for example, Rogneda, Moskvichka and others), received it as a result of the hybridization of Forest Beauty and the not so well-known pear variety Tema. In 2000, this variety was included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation in the North-West, East-Siberian and Central Black Earth regions.
Characteristics and characteristics of the variety
Pear "Otradnenskaya" has an official assessment: appearance - 4 points, fruits - 3.7-4 points. The main advantages of the variety are high resistance to diseases, especially scab, precociousness, and cold resistance. Despite the fact that the tree is self-fertile, it shows a much higher fruiting during perefilming. Such pollinators as “Favorite Yakovlev” and “Chizhovskaya” showed themselves as pollinators.
When is it better to plant
Planting pear varieties "Otradnenskaya" can be carried out both in spring and autumn, and as for the seedlings grown in containers, they are planted in any warm season. However, it should be borne in mind that when planting in the autumn period there is the likelihood of slow development of the tree. In this regard, most gardeners recommend still planting a pear in the spring, even if the seedling is purchased in the fall.
In the latter case, it is just lightly dropped in a shallow hole, so that the young tree is tilted to the ground at a sharp angle. The roots of the seedling should be well covered with leaves, agrofibre, straw, sawdust or other material that is available. In the spring, such a sapling is carefully dug, inspected for any damage (they should be removed) and planted in a prepared place.
Treating and protecting pears from pests and diseases
Pear "Otradnenskaya" was derived as an unpretentious variety, so the tree is quite stable against diseases and pests, although regular preventive measures cannot be ruled out.In the spring, even before the plant has formed a kidney, it should be sprayed to avoid subsequent infection. A ten percent ammonia solution is well suited for this purpose, since it effectively removes both a variety of pests and fungal and bacterial disease carriers. Immediately before flowering and immediately after it, the pear is sprayed twice with insecticidal preparations in order to protect it from ticks, tsternbears and moths. Actually, wood processing ends here. However, it should be remembered that pests and diseases affect primarily neglected trees, settling in peeled bark, fruits that have rotted or uncollected from under the tree, etc.
Therefore, the best way to combat diseases and pests is to clean the bark and tree trunks from debris, weeds, rotten fruit, mosses and lichens. Dead bark should always be scraped off, and bare areas should be treated with a 3% solution of ferrous sulfate. This procedure is carried out in early spring.
If leaves or ovaries affected by a pest are found on the tree - they must be immediately removed and burned, then there is a chance to get rid of the problem at an early stage. When the fruits begin to form, the grass inside the circle of the trunk should not weed, but to mow, but the soil should not be dug up. As a preventive measure, it is recommended to whiten a pear with a mixture of clay and lime in a 1: 1 ratio. Iron sulfate (0.1 kg per 10 l) is also added to the resulting solution.
How to conduct wateringIn the first year after planting, the plant requires constant monitoring, but it should be watered as needed. After watering, in order to avoid evaporation of moisture, the soil should be loosened. Digging pristvolnyh circles (before fruiting) allows moisture to penetrate better into the soil. The pear does not tolerate overmoistening; therefore, it is enough to water an adult tree once a month, and even less often in rainy weather.
What and when to feed
Feeding pears "Otradnenskaya" should be carried out regularly. Then the tree will receive good nutrition and bring a good harvest. In the fall, top dressing is necessary for the plant to form better wood and, thus, easier to endure frosts. For this purpose, it is necessary to use potash and phosphate fertilizers.Nitrogen is not needed in this period of the season, as it promotes the active growth of young shoots,totally inappropriate on the eve of winter. Mineral fertilizers are buried around the perimeter of the trunk circle to a depth of about 20 cm, then they are watered and sprinkled with a dry layer of soil. Spring dressing allows the tree to more easily get out of the state of winter dormancy and enter the vegetation phase.
At this time, pear needed organic and mineral (including nitrogen) fertilizers. Additional feeding, if desired, can be done at the beginning of summer, which will enrich the tree with nutrients and improve the quality of the fruit.
How to properly trim
Immediately after planting, a young annual seedling is formed so that its height does not exceed 1 m, and all the buds located on the lower half of the young tree should also be removed. The following year, the procedure is repeated. If the seedling is two years old, then after planting it is still cut, though not so radically (about 1/3 of the height). Pruning is necessary for the plant to stimulate the development of the root system.In the future, the pear should be allowed to independently form the crown, unnecessary intervention can only harm the tree. As soon as the pear reaches the fruiting age (this can occur at the age of 3-4 years), sanitary pruning of the tree is carried out, at which mainly diseased and damaged branches are removed.
Pruning of old trees is necessary for their rejuvenation. To do this, cut the tip, and then thinning is done: first of all, dried, old and non-bearing branches are cut. In addition, shoots are cut that grow parallel to the trunk or at a too acute angle to it (they tend to break under the weight of the fruit). The remaining branches can be shortened by ¼ of their length.
The time of ripening and storage of fruits of pear varieties "Otradnenskaya"Fruits pear "Otradnenskaya" ripen in late September and at this time they can already be removed. However, to purchase a full-bodied flavor taste of a pear, it needs to ripen another 2-3 weeks after harvest. In general, the pears of the described varieties are kept for a short time, at best, until the New Year, and provided that the fruits are laid out in bags and are in a cool place. In a warm room, pears are saved much less time and quickly deteriorate.
The fragility of storing pears "Otradnenskaya" perfectly compensated by numerous ways of its processing and harvesting. Juices, jams, jams, compotes are often made from fruits, they can also be dried or frozen, and home-made wines and stronger drinks made from pear are a separate pride of summer residents.
Preparing young pear trees for winter
Pear "Otradnenskaya" has a rather high resistance to harsh winters, so the main procedure required by the tree in preparing for winter is the harvesting of opal foliage and mummified fruits with their subsequent burning. Since the scab practically does not damage this pear variety, the usual preventive spraying of other pears can be avoided. However, young seedlings are often less prepared for severe frost than an adult tree, so you need to take extra care of them. After a hot summer, the soil should be well moistened, since, being in dry ground, the plant tolerates much more cold. Further, the roots of a tree can be warmed with fallen leaves or other improvised material (but not only with straw, since it is a favorite place for the mice that freeze in winter).
In order to protect against mice and other rodents, who chew on the bark of a young seedling with pleasure, it must be carefully wrapped with a sacking cloth or net. If in the spring it turns out that the pear is still slightly frozen over, the shoots of replacement should be strengthened in a horizontal position (tied up or supported), otherwise ovaries will not form on them.
In general, we can say thatpear varieties "Otradnenskaya"It is an excellent choice for those who love not too soft fruits, live in not very favorable climatic conditions and are not ready to mess with pampered and capricious fruit trees.