Do you want neighbors to come see your garden? Be sure to plant a decorative alien alien tree there.
I want to tell you about the magnificent decoration of my garden - a decorative apple tree of Polish selection called “Ola”.
Until recently, two dozen fruit apples grew in our garden. And the benefits and beauty they do not take away.
All those who pass by our compound pay attention to the well-developed apple trees (mostly they are of medium height), and in spring we admire their snow-white flowers, which foreshadow a rich harvest.
Admiring the fruit apples literally, last spring my husband and I planted an ornamental apple from Ola between them. We were guided by the opinion of experienced gardeners who strongly recommend having at least one or two ornamental or wild apple trees in the garden.
The fact is that most of them are excellent pollinators, and during co-flowering the scent of apple trees spreads over a long distance, attracting the attention of insects. Abroad, ornamental trees are planted between fruit trees or grafted wild plants to their home to attract bees.
This will provide an opportunity to better pollinate the flowers so that more fruits will start.
Our Ola did not disappoint - in the second year after planting, she flourished. If in the first year there were up to fifty flowers, then in the second year it practically did not yield to sakura in bloom. It was interesting to observe swarms of bees, diligently processing this avalanche of flowers, beyond which no branches were visible. Flowering lasted about 10 days, with the formation of new buds.
Paradise Apple Jam
Already in the middle of summer, our Ola was decorated first with purple and then bright pink fruits gleaming in the sun. The apples ripened in September were red-purple. Yes, yes, just so - from purple to purple - the coloring of the fruits on this amazing apple tree changed over time. Their diameter was about 3 cm, and the taste, in my opinion, turned out to be just excellent.
We tore off these paradise apples and made jam, which I had long dreamed of. All the fruits in it were whole and literally bathed in thick syrup.
In winter, we opened the treasured jar and put the contents into a beautiful vase. At first they admired transparent candied miniature apples, and then they took them for their tails and savored them, remembering the summer and praising our Ola.
A few apples, remaining on the branch, hung until the winter, and then they were pecked by tits.
By the way, Ola turned out to be very stable in front of our unpredictable winter and transferred it very well.
The foliage is unusual for our Ola: in the spring it is chocolate-brown in color, in the summer - green, and in the autumn - golden. Amazing picture! For the beauty of the leaves, our apple tree can compete with many decorative leafy shrubs.
I was lucky to see and photograph also the gorgeous weeping paradise apple trees adorning the central square of the Gorodishche district center in the Cherkasy region. In this area there is the world-famous Mlyiv Experimental Horticultural Station, founded by the legendary gardener Levko Simirenko. (Who does not know or did not try the most famous variety of apples - reneet Simirenko?) Therefore, the decorative apple tree was not chosen by chance as a visiting card of the city.
The weeping apple trees in the middle of the city are so original that many, having seen them once, cannot forget and dream of having the same in their garden. Hanging almost to the ground thin branches, completely covered with fruits, form a canopy under which you can hide from the rain and the burning sun.
How to care for decorative apple trees to get such beauty?
I answer: in the same way as for ordinary apple trees. In the conditions of hot summer, our Ola loves watering and loosening the tree circle. And the temperature fluctuations in the winter, like other decorative varieties, are calm.
These trees are easy to cut, so they form living garden figures and fences. They are easy to plant on ordinary apple trees. And I also noticed that Ola is growing and growing faster than ordinary apple trees.
Of course, now there are opportunities to purchase any sort of fruit trees you like. And who wants to experiment, he can grow an apple tree from seeds, including the variety Ola. Seeds of ripe paradise apples are stored in wet river sand at temperatures up to 4e. For one part of the seed you need to take three parts of the sand. Seeds stored in this way will not begin to germinate earlier than planned crops. Usually they are sown freshly harvested in the fall or spring after winter storage.
I wish flower growers beautiful gardens and front gardens!
How to plant a decorative apple Ola
Traditionally, the decorative apple tree Ola is planted in urban landscapes to create wonderful barrier-type green groups. Smooth green wall of flowering trees separates the park area from the noisy road. In addition, the alleys created from Ola predispose to contemplation and rest. When placing young seedlings should be aware that the place for planting should be located on a sunny plot. The land must be fertile. On light soils with good aeration and moisture permeability, the plant will bloom and bear fruit.
The Ola variety, demanding on soil composition (ornamental apple trees are distinguished by a capricious nature) does not tolerate wetlands at all. The groundwater level should not be higher than two meters from the surface. Young plants after planting need to feed fertilizers. The trees are sensitive to the lack of trace elements and nutrients. For planting, you can take seedlings with a trunk height from 1 to 3 meters. A seedling grown in a nursery should have a well-branched root system. With proper care, the variety survives well.
At the same time, in landscape design, the cultivation of ornamental apple trees is not limited to one variety of Ola. Experts for the decision of the tasks select trees by several signs.
- Coloring flowers.
- The shape and color of apples.
- Leaf color.
Particularly interesting compositions are created from varieties with purple foliage and flowers. Use varieties that can survive in urban environments. The compositions of varieties that preserve a brilliant, bright purple color look beautiful during the growing season.
The apple tree of the ornamental variety Ola was developed by Polish breeders for landscape design. The shtamb will be the perfect decoration for any garden:
- in early spring, the tree will delight in violent bloom,
- in the summer, the leaves will not remain unnoticed with a juicy green shade that has previously been saturated brown,
- in the autumn period, the fruits will ripen on the apple tree, they will attract the eyes of both the garden owners and passers-by,
- apples left for the winter look spectacular under the snow caps, they are very fond of birds.
Having planted only one grade, you receive ornament on a site for all year.
Apple Ola is used to decorate the backyard or garden. Most often the tree is used for decoration as a hedge.
A feature of the variety is the coloring of the leaves and the fruits themselves. Crown color will vary with seasondelighting the eye with variegated colors for a long time.
Sizes of an adult tree
Adult shtamb can reach heights 4.5 metersbut gardeners rarely admit it. If the bole is used for decorative purposes, it regularly prunes the crown according to a predetermined pattern, which is subsequently adhered to.
The first couple of years the sapling will actively grow and develop, young shoots will appear regularly, which will make the crown round, ball-like. Every year, the apple tree will add 30-40 cmthen growth will decline slightly.
In the second year, the branches will richly cover the flowers, which will later turn into the ovary. The apples will ripen until mid-September, they are quite edible. Many housewives make apples and jams from apples. They will have an unusual taste and appearance, because you need to cook them all.
Fruits of apple Ola.
Resistance to frost and disease
Shtamb characterized by high rates of resistance to various climatic adversityPerfectly tolerates frosts, even very strong. He is not afraid of windy weather, and the tree will not give in to fungal diseases. Scab and powdery mildew will bypass Ola even in the rainy summer.
Ola is very resistant to cold, diseases and pests.
The ornamental apple varieties of Ola have few on their site, all of them have only positive feedback about it.
In addition to fruit trees, many ornamental plants grow on the site, among which the most noticeable apple tree is Ola. From the very first day after planting, the sapling began to please the eye, the buds showed full chocolate leaves, which eventually acquired a bright green tint. By autumn, the foliage turned crimson yellow with a purple tinge.
In the second spring, the tree blossomed with beautiful flowers, which rather densely dotted the branches, only in the third year we were able to fully appreciate the apple tree. Its branches could not be seen because of the colors that emit a very pleasant smell. Small fruits are pleasant to the taste, our children sometimes eat them right from the tree. ”
Apple tree looks great, it is not whimsical in care, it pleases with flowering every year, which attracts many insects to my garden. It was to improve pollination that the shtamb was planted, justified the hopes, I recommend. ”
A few years ago I came across an interesting article about decorative varieties of apple trees, there was a photo and a description of the variety Ola. The next day my husband and I already bought seedlings. Among others, I liked the Ola variety very much according to its characteristics; two saplings took it.
The following year, after planting, the small tree bloomed abundantly and its aroma attracted a lot of insects, and in the fall I planted two more trunk saplings closer to the garden. After a couple of years, the yield of apple trees increased significantly, thanks to Ole. ”
Most reviews suggest that the variety will not only be a great decoration for the site, but will also increase the yield of fruit trees nearby.
Features of planting and care
Planted apple trees of the decorative type as well as ordinarythey do not require special conditions.
It is enough to pick a place, dig a hole, install a shtamb and cover the roots with earth. Then it is necessary to compact the ground around the trunk and water the seedling abundantly.
Choosing a place It is worth considering some points:
- The decorative apple tree Ola prefers sunny places, but it also tolerates partial shade,
- it is better to plant a seedling in fertile soils, sandy ones are not very suitable for these purposes,
- maintain the distance between the trees, it must be at least 5 meters.
Scheme of preparation of the landing pit.
The apple tree is not picky in the care, just enough:
The pruning process is carried out at the same time as the fruit trees. In the early spring of the first year after planting, about 30 cm of the shoots are pruned, in the second up to 15. Then pruning is carried out according to the desired shape.
Watch the video, what else are decorative apples and how to care for them:
Choosing planting material for growing apples
It is possible to plant this culture not only in a garden, but also at home, on a window sill (bonsai). It is possible to get a fruit-bearing tree not only from a sapling, but also from an apple seed from a supermarket. If in the first case the result is predicted by the seller’s guarantees, in the second case you can get an apple tree with the same characteristics as the purchased fruit, or a “wild” tree that has lost the genes valuable for breeding.
Seeds hatch in the ground a long time - up to six months, the selection of individual shoots for seedlings is difficult, so many people prefer to plant apple trees with seedlings.
In most cases, for landing choose one year old or two year old saplings. They are implemented by fruit nurseries, garden hypermarkets, individual breeders and simple summer residents. The latter, apart from personal assurances, do not issue any guarantees for their goods, therefore it is better to exclude them from the list of potential sellers.
A good seedling should have:
1) one strong trunk and, perhaps, 2-3 thin twigs,
2) not less than 7-8 soft elastic buds,
3) flexible healthy roots with a lump of earth.
If the seedling has a more developed crown (an adult tree) and (or) dried roots, signs of disease, then the chances that the apple tree will take root well are significantly reduced.
You should not choose a tree that has on the trunk cuts, scratches, cracks, growths and spikes, blooming leaves or flowers. The vaccination site must also be clean and dry.
Even before buying, you should determine the place on the plot under the apple tree, since it will be necessary to choose the type of stock that best suits the climatic conditions of your area, the chosen method of cultivation and the conditions of placement in the garden.
If there is enough space, the groundwater level is low enough, then you can choose high trees seed stock.
If the wide crown does not fit in the designated area and will shade other cultures, the groundwater level runs high, you should chooseolukarlykovy or dwarfish stock.
When choosing a variety, preference should be given to those that suit the climatic conditions of your region. But even in northern latitudes with a sufficiently long summer, it is possible to breed southern apple trees, if you use the shale method of cultivation.
shale cultivation method
What to choose for growing an apple tree: planting a seedling or grafting a cutting?
Can then be graftedwhen there is already a wilderness or an apple tree growing on the plot, which did not meet the expectations of the gardener. Such trees are not cut down, but transformed into a stock — the lower part of the tree, to which the future crown of the tree of the desired grade (graft) is “implanted”.
For rootstocks, it is better to use young trees or plant a mature tree in several approaches. This should be done in early spring or late summer. In order to avoid the death of the scion (cutting of the new variety), the operation of grafting should be done carefully, observing all agrotechnical requirements, and in the future delicate care of the tree.
It is possible to plant saplings both in the spring, and in the fall. In the second case, it is worth doing only if the winter is mild and the apple tree does not freeze. Let us consider in more detail reproduction by saplings - one of the most common ways of planting an apple tree for cultivation.
Planting apple seedlings
To transfer the seedling to the ground in a permanent place should be prepared landing pit - it should be smaller than the fertile soil on the site. Apple trees love loamy chernozem, therefore, in sandy or sandy soils, the landing pit can reach one meter deep. Depending on the structure and fertility of the soil, the following components should be introduced into the soil mixture for the pit: humus, compost, sand, peat, loam, and wood ash.
seedling planting scheme
Laying the prepared soil mixture at the bottom of the pit, it is necessary to tamp it up so that when the land subsides, the apple tree does not sink down. On a formed hillock of a fertile layer of soil, it is necessary to pour about 10 cm of a layer of ordinary earth and only on it, carefully straightening the roots, install a seedling.
After this, the apple tree is watered abundantly and begins to fall asleep to its lower part, heading from the periphery to the center - first pressing the ground at the roots and only then at the trunk. The top layer is loosened and mulched with peat.
If at the site groundwater runs close to the ground, then to prevent rotting of the roots, apple trees should be planted on artificially created hills. In winter, such mounds should not be exposed to weathering, but, on the contrary, they should hold and accumulate snow protecting the tree from freezing.
What fertilizers to use for growing apples?
With the autumn planting you should not feed the tree with nitrogen fertilizers, as this will provoke a jump in undesirable growth before wintering.
Spring sapling you can feed with chemical fertilizers (superphosphate - 40 gr., potassium sulfate - 50 gr., ammonium nitrate - 15 gr.) or confine yourself to adding wood ash 200-300 gr. It is desirable to introduce complex dressings only in the spring of next year.
Nitrogen fertilizers should be applied carefully so as not to provoke the growth of the ground part to the detriment of the development of the root system, as well as an increase in green mass to the detriment of fruiting. The main part of the fertilizer is a nitrogenous type: ammonium nitrate, ammofosk, azofosk, mullein infusion, etc., are applied to the soil under apple trees in April after whitewashing the trunks lime or chalk.
Next year After successful adaptation, the trees on the new feeding place are carried out three times: in April-May and in the summer when the crown is formed. Top dressing with nitrogen and mineral fertilizers is not mixed and is carried out at different times.
Яблони очень отзывчивы к калийным удобрениям, особенно в период плодоношения, древесную золу, содержащую калий, фосфор, магний и марганец можно не только вносить в почву, но и периодически опылять ею дерево для ограничения деятельности насекомых-вредителей.
Полив и дополнительный уход за яблонями во время выращивания
Первый полив яблони следует провести сразу после цветения, если до этого в почве было достаточно влаги. При ранней и сухой весне сезон полива начинают раньше.
The second watering is carried out in three weeks, the third - when the fruits of early varieties start to fill upand later ones to shape the fruit.
Final watering is carried out in early September in order to develop the root system and improve the yield of late varieties of apple trees. Later watering will do more harm than good, because the apple tree should have time to prepare for the winter and dry the wood to resist the coming frosts.
The older the tree, the more abundant the watering should be. If 4-5 buckets of water are enough for one-two-year-old trees, then for adults it is necessary twice as much per each square meter. Water for irrigation needs clean, not cold, it must soak the ground at the roots to a depth of 80 cm. So that the water does not roll over the surface and does not accumulate in one place, under the crown around the perimeter make holes, which are laid over the soil and filled with several receptions. If the apple trees grow under a slope, for irrigation along the escarpment they make furrows to a depth of 25 cm so as not to damage the root system, and send water to them.
The irrigation technique is accompanied by loosening and mulching with peat and rotted sawdust in order to retain moisture in the soil. In the case of a rainy and cold summer, watering is reduced.
During the summer and autumn, as the fruit ripens, wooden supports are placed under the branches. The upper part of this design should be soft so as not to injure the delicate bark.
In the fall, they remove moss and lichen from the trunk, clean the land from plant debris, bend down the main branches, if the apple trees are grown by the stanlant method. Before the first snow, traps or poison for small rodents are laid out under the trees. If protective measures are required against hare attacks, in October-November fence the trunk with a rigid metal mesh 1 m high., wrapping the tree overlapping it and securing the wire along the side seam. At the bottom of the fence falls asleep and pressed the ground. The network will be held by four wooden pegs driven into the ground around the perimeter at a distance of 0.5 m from the trunk.
In the spring, compulsory molding is carried out, gently removing excess branches with a sheath according to the following scheme:
Circumcision helps not only to form a crown, reduce the height of the apple tree for easier care and harvest, but also increases the yield of the tree by removing unproductive branches. Completely removed damaged, dried branches, processes, directed inside the crown. Weak and diseased fruit-bearing branches are also attracted to pruning.
Healthy branches of young trees are cut by no more than one third, and only if it is necessary for the formation of the crown. Older apple trees are rejuvenated pruning, expressed in shortening the main branches from one third to one half. In addition, the removal of excess density will reduce the risk of fungal and bacterial diseases.
Methods to combat diseases and pests of apple trees
If non-compliance with the cultivation of apple trees, fruit trees can be subjected to various diseases associated with soil contamination, high humidity in the crown, reduced immunity, etc.
One of the most common diseases is scabwhich appears on the leaves and fruits as dry brown spots. For the prevention of cutting unnecessary branches for the treatment - spraying urea solution (500 grams. Per 10 l. Of water) at the beginning and at the end of the season, copper chlorine at the rate of 40 grams. on 10 l. water before flowering and after fruit ovary, Bord fluid (300 grams of lime and copper sulfate in 10 liters of water).
Mealy dew, as well as the previous one - a fungal disease. It affects mainly young shoots and inflorescences, appears whitish, and later, brownish bloom with many black dots. Infected green mass twists and falls. The fungus is treated with a solution of 70% colloidal sulfur at the rate of 80 g. on 10 l. in three stages: during the appearance of the first foliage and later every two weeks.
Fruit Rot affects only apples, which under the influence of the disease completely rot. Treatment is carried out by collecting and disposing of infected fruit.
Cytosporosis leads to the formation of deep ulcers on the bark of the tree, the extinction of the branches and further the whole tree. It is treated in several stages: 1) spraying during the swelling of the kidneys with a solution of the drug "Khom" at the rate of 40 grams. 10 l., 2) treatment with a solution of copper sulphate before flowering at the rate of 50 g. 10 l., 3) repeated treatment with the “Khom” preparation after flowering, 4) introduction of potash-phosphorus fertilizers before frosts, 5) whitewashing of barrels with quicklime or chalk.
Another disease that needs to be addressed is bacterial burn. This disease is not amenable to treatment, and to prevent its spread in the garden, it is necessary to destroy all branches or trees as a whole, to process fruit trees from insects - carriers of diseases.
Flying and crawling pests that attack trees and spoil the crop: apple flower beetle, codling moth, apple sawfly, apple scythe are caught with the help of adhesive tapes and destroyed by spraying before and after flowering with the drugs Chlorofos and Karbofos. In the fight against the caterpillars of the codling moth, wood treatment after flowering with a solution of arsenic acid calcium (30gr.), Lime (40gr.) In 10 l. water. All infected fruit should be buried as deep as possible in the ground.
Despite the possibility of diseases and harmful insect life, the collection of high-quality apple harvest is not difficult, if you have patience and in time carry out all the necessary agricultural procedures.
History of breeding varieties
The variety has its breeding background. He was first bred in 1970 in Poland, crossing two types of apple trees - Cardon and Arthur Turner.
There are two versions of the history of creating the name of apples. According to the first of them, the variety was called the Spanish greeting, because it resembled the Spanish purple paradise apples outwardly and in taste. According to the second variant, the apple tree is so named because it is unpretentious and “friendly” to all summer residents. The scientific name of the culture is Malus purpurea Ola.
What are the subspecies?
Ola apple-tree has several varieties that differ from each other in color and size of fruits and leaves, durability and resistance to diseases. Such a variety is the result of hard breeding work that was carried out to obtain the most beautiful and valuable forms of ornamental apple trees.
Peculiarities of ripening and fruiting
All kinds of Ola apple trees are light-requiring. They need to be planted directly on open ground, well lit by sunlight. Also perfectly take root in the penumbra. In the shadows will die. Prefers fertile (enriched with potassium, nitrogen and humus), drained and deep soils. Resistant to cold, heat and diseases. When severe drought may die or cease to actively bear fruit.
To achieve the highest decoration and yield, it is recommended to plant in the sun and water it abundantly (more than 20 liters per day in portions). Good loves feeding, poorly going through transplants. It is recommended to prune the branches in spring to stimulate active growth and reproduction of the tree. In case of a disease of a single tree, disinfection with special chemicals of all trees is required.
Fruits annually up to its 50th anniversary. Every year after 20 years, fruiting decreases. With a young 3-year-old tree, you can collect up to 20 kilograms of harvest. Peak activity to fruiting comes to 5-6 years. By this age, the plant is covered with a rich crown with numerous fruits and yields up to 50 kilograms.
Winter hardiness and disease resistance
The plant shows high rates of resistance to pests, diseases and cold. She is not afraid of strong winds, frost, scab and powdery mildew. Fungal diseases also bypass the tree side, even with heavy rains.
Naturally, with the disease of a neighboring plant, Ola can also get sick. In such a situation, disinfection of both cultures is required.