In the family of bells, the decorative dwarf representative, the Carpathian bell, deserves special attention. The people called the bell, chebotok and pretzel. In the genus of this herbaceous garden plantings there are both annual and perennial species.
Homeland can be called not only the Carpathian region, but also the whole of Central Europe. The maximum height that this representative of the flora is able to reach is no more than 30 cm. Leaves of different sizes, located almost at the root itself are larger than the upper ones. The shape is round, resembles an egg. Flowering continues from late June to September. The color of small inflorescences (up to 4 cm in diameter) is diverse: blue, blue, white, purple. Flower in the shape of a bell. Seeds are formed in boxes, an unusual cylindrical shape. Stems can be straight, creeping or branched.
Use in landscape design
Gardeners use the plant everywhere: for alpine slides, rock arias, as low curbs along flowerbeds and paths. Combine chenille with other plants and among themselves, using different species and varieties. To create flower beds and group plantings, terry, and not terry types are used, the whole color palette.
Carpathian bell is ideal for all stony gardens. He is able to grow and bloom even in the small space between the stones. Due to its unpretentiousness and ability to preserve the decorative effect for a long time, the plant will not give trouble to growers. Tall varieties often adorn remote areas of the suburban area. Most varieties tolerate shade well, so they are planted near large trees or under the walls of a building.
Combination with other plants
In rock gardens, a bell often “coexists” with daisies, alissum, obrietta, lobelia and many others, both perennial and annual grassy plants. Not less beautiful combination of color scale of pechebkov with a green grass on a lawn. Large flowers, creating a bright contrast, are used with pleasure by experts in the design of mixed ensembles.
Propagation of the bell
Carpathian bell: description, photo
The bell Carpathian or Campanula carpatica is a dwarf species representing the Bell family. The plant received this name due to the fact that the main place of its growth are the mountains of the Carpathians. In addition, Campanula carpatica in the wild can be found in the highlands of central Europe.
The Carpathian bell is a perennial herbaceous plant, forming hemispheric bushes. Their height can range from ten to thirty centimeters. Most shrubs have approximately the same "height" of about thirty centimeters. The height of the bushes is often the same with their diameter.
Seeds are in the fruit in the form of an oval-shaped box. Seed ripening begins in July and can last until the end of summer.
Stems branched and slender, they give the bush a rather dense structure. Leaflets have a different shape. Near the root, they are heart-shaped, and closer to heaven, toothed. In the lower part of the stem, the leaves are collected in sockets and have a larger size, and closer to the edge their size decreases.
Campanula carpatica has a long flowering period - throughout the summer. It is resistant to various weather conditions and resistant to pests and diseases.
Carpathian bell loves the sun and tolerates partial shade. For good growth, he needs a non-acidic earth of loose structure. Best of all, flowers grow in rocky areas that resemble their natural environment. These bright shrubs tolerate stale water very poorly. But it is important to provide the plant with the necessary watering. Indeed, in the case of a lack of moisture, the flowers become smaller, their color fades, and the flowering period is significantly reduced.
Representatives of the Kolokolchikov family have a powerful root system. Rod roots spread very deep into the ground. This feature makes it difficult to transplant an adult specimen. In most cases, such a venture ends with the death of the plant.
Natural varieties of shrubs have a "growth" of about thirty centimeters and are great for alpine slides, flower beds and garden decoration. Lovers of miniature jewelry fit special varieties with a height of no more than fifteen centimeters having a different color, namely:
- bluish flowers of large size - "Blue Clips",
- flowers of dark blue shades - "Deep Blue Clips",
- white flowers - "White Pearl" or "White Clips".
These shrubs grow from fifteen to thirty centimeters high. Adult specimens have a very compact and neat appearance.
The following unusual varieties have gained great popularity among gardeners:
- "Karl Forster" - shrubs up to twenty-five centimeters with flowers of dark bluish shades.
- "Blaumeise" - flowers of purple shades, having snow-white hearts.
- "Spechtmeise" - small bushes about ten centimeters in height with flowers of a shade average between bluish and purple.
- "Karpatenkrone" - shrubs up to twenty centimeters with bright blue flowers.
The seeds of carpatica are very small, so a thousand seeds weighs no more than one gram. Thus, if we provide good conditions for growth, then up to four thousand seedlings can be grown from a gram of seeds.
Due to the small size it is difficult to plant a flower not too thick. Therefore, experienced growers recommend mixing the seeds with dry, cleaned sand.
Prepare for planting advised to start in February. So that the seedlings germinate well, they must be hardened. Since the seeds of Campanula carpatica are rather capricious in germination, in order to achieve good results, they need to ensure the following conditions in the first month of "life":
- temperature is about twenty degrees Celsius,
- uniform moistening
- diffused light (through glass),
- Fresh air.
In the future, heated seedlings need to be replaced by a kind of hardening. In this case, the temperature range should range from four degrees to four degrees below zero. The “quenching” period should last at least a month, the maximum duration is six weeks.
The most effective hardening seedlings under the influence of natural conditions. But in such a situation, you should have the means to regulate the temperature in case of unexpected drops.
Seedlings native of the Carpathians sprout wonderful under a small blanket of snow. When the sun appears, talyaya water gives the "kids" the necessary moisture. And the snow cover itself protects them from frost. The need to extend the “quenching” period may arise in the situation when the temperature (daily average) rises above four degrees Celsius.
When the first shoots appear, containers with them must be brought into the room, the temperature regime in which is kept at a level not lower than ten degrees. At the same time, the temperature should not rise by more than five degrees Celsius.
In an apartment or house
If it is not possible to provide the seedlings with the conditions described above, then you can use another way to germinate them. It is necessary to mix the seeds with wet sand and put them in cellophane. At the initial stage, the seed must be heated. This process is no different from the first hardening option. We conduct the “hardening” of the seeds in the fridge for a month or a little longer.
After that, the mixture of seeds and moistened sand is mixed with the soil in a previously prepared container. Deepen the seeds is not worth it. The air temperature, as in the first version should be from ten to fifteen degrees Celsius.
To prevent this, experienced flower growers are advised to use a spray gun. It is possible to irrigate directly into the pallet if there are special holes in the landing tank.
Prior to the start of planting, the substrate in which seedlings will germinate must be thoroughly moistened. For successful growth, "kids" need to provide optimum moisture and good lighting. If you did everything correctly, then the first shoots can please you in ten days. However, the process of final germination can take up to twenty-five days.
In any variant of planting shoots are quite thick. Therefore, a pick can be started as soon as the first leaves appear. Experienced growers recommend replanting seedlings not one by one, but take several young bushes at once (three or four). This will protect them from possible damage.
After picking young plants should provide frequent airing and moderate moisture. A couple of weeks after picking, when young bushes have already taken root in new places and restored their roots, it is desirable to feed them with special fertilizers.
Care for young plants
A flower with bright bells pleases its owners with abundant blooms throughout the summer. In order to prevent unwanted self-seeding at the plant during the flowering period, it is necessary to regularly cut off the shoots that have faded and the seed boxes. In addition, this manipulation will allow the shrub to maintain a well-groomed shape and stimulate additional flowering.
Campanula carpatica is watered moderately, but in case of very hot weather the amount of moisture is increased. If you do not, then the flowering period is significantly reduced. But even in such a situation you should not be upset. It is necessary to cut dried off shoots, carefully water the plant and the flowering process can resume. Coming from the Carpathians needs regular weeding. In hot weather, mulching with peat will be useful for plants.
But organic products are recommended to be abandoned so that all forces do not go to the green part of the shrub. If you do not change his place of residence, then a native of the Carpathians can grow up to six years.
Possible difficulties in growing
Cultivation of the Carpathian bell from seeds is a fairly simple process, but there may be certain difficulties. First of all, it is necessary to take care of soil that is favorable for the growth of the plant. If it is very heavy, then the flower will grow badly and may die. In the loamy ground you need to add a little acidified peat or sand. And if you intend to grow the Carpathian bell in sandy soil, then feed it with humus.
The most common disease that can affect Campanula carpatica is rust. At the first signs of the appearance of this unpleasant illness, it is necessary to treat the soil with copper-containing products. In order to prevent the appearance of rust, experienced flower growers advise that shrubs be treated with special preparations, for example, Fitosporin or Gumin, during the off-season period.
If the summer was wet, then the landings of Campanula carpatica are often attacked by slugs. It is possible to get rid of this trouble without application of additional means, simply having cleaned pests by hands.
If the above methods did not lead to the desired result, then you should use special preparations, such as Slyneed or Thunder.
To grow the Carpathian bell from seed is quite simple. This is evidenced by reviews of flower growers provided on the Internet. The most time-consuming and deserving special attention moment in the breeding of this bright flower is hardening. Do not neglect the advice of experienced gardeners on this issue, if you want to grow a beautiful and healthy Carpathian bell. Planting in the open ground will not cause difficulties even for novice flower lovers.
Use for landscape decoration
For decorating the design, it is recommended to use garden varieties of plants in the mini format, since the species specimens carry out strong self-seeding.
Most often come from the Carpathians used in rockeries and rock gardens. This bright plant has often become used as an element of trendy decorative walls. Looks great bell growing on the paths, studded with greenery. With the help of bright colors, you can decorate the terrace or balcony, dropping them into special containers of small height and considerable width.
Wherever you plant this bright shrub, it will certainly please the eye and warm the soul with its delicate flowering. It is enough to grow the Carpathian bell once, and you will not be able to do without it. And our article on the topic "The bell Carpathian growing from seed" will help you avoid unnecessary trouble and time-consuming. Growing bells from seeds will be a pleasant and useful exercise for you.
Growing a Carpathian bluebell from seed
Sowing seeds, prepared for bells, is the most common method of growing a plant. The weight of a thousand seeds is very small and amounts to only a quarter of a gram. Under good conditions, for germination, 4000 grains will be produced from one gram of seeds.
Did you know?In ancient times, our ancestors believed that with a bell, you can attract a loved one. The girl had to tear the plant at dawn and attach it to the window shutter. Soon the one who loved had to come to visit.
Sowing seeds for seedlings
The seeds of this plant are very capricious, therefore, in order for them to germinate well, a certain thermal hardening is required. Preparation of planting material and planting should begin in February. From this point on, the seeds should be kept for one month at a temperature of + 20 ° C under diffused light, wetting them evenly. Also, they must always receive fresh air. These requirements to the microclimate are very important for the successful growth of seeds. Those shoots that appeared prematurely, earlier than planned, need to be transplanted into a separate container.
Further, the warm-up of the planted material must be changed by temperature quenching with a range of -4 ° C to + 4 ° C. This stage should last a month and a half. At the same time, it is very important for the seedlings to be affected by natural environmental factors, but it is advisable to keep the temperature in the box under control while it is very low outside. The most successful seeds grow under a layer of lush snow, which protects them from freezing, and melt water on sunny days provides the necessary moisture. Quenching lasts as long as the average daily temperature is at a level higher than the upper limit of the specified range. As soon as the first shoots appear, the container with the earthen substrate should be transferred to a room in which the temperature is in the range from + 10 ° C to + 15 ° C. This method of hardening seeds is very time consuming, but at the same time very effective. There is another breeding method for bluebells, in which the seeds are not sown directly into the soil, but are treated in a mixture of wet sand in a plastic bag. At the first stage, they are heated according to the type of the first method, but at the second stage - the hardening is transferred to the refrigerator for the same period as in the first embodiment. Then, the seed material is placed in the boxes with the prepared soil mixture (without burial) and sent to conditions with a temperature regime of + 10 ° C ... + 15 ° C. In order not to blur the seeds, they are not watered, but sprayed with a spray gun. The soil substrate can also be moistened with microcapillaries through a pan of water.
Important!The substrate, before sowing seeds into it, must be well moistened and saturated with moisture.
After sowing, soil moisture and seed lighting should be controlled. Optimal conditions for growth occur after 10-25 days from the moment of planting. Shoots one way or another will be very thick, hence the pick should be started as soon as the first leaves appear. To greatly harm the seedlings, you can replant them in groups of 4 plants in one pot for seedlings or multi-cell plates. Only ascended bells need to moderately moisturize and often give fresh air to breathe. The first fertilizer is applied 14 days after the pick.
This is the most appropriate time, as the Carpathian bells will move away from stress and fully restore their root system. Carpathian bell can already be planted on a permanent "place of residence" in the open ground, when his seedlings reached one month old. It must be well lighted and ventilated, as well as not prone to strong waterlogging. In the worst case, the bells will gradually be oppressed and more often exposed to various kinds of diseases.
Transplantation of young flowers to a permanent "place of residence" is carried out at the beginning of summer. The following year, when the bell is blooming, be ready for a quick pruning of flowering inflorescences. This is necessary in order to prevent spontaneous self-seeding. Otherwise, a lot of interfering with each other, randomly growing flowers may appear nearby. Fruits-boxes need to be collected before darkening and disclosure.If you want to plant bells, then just put them in the soil from August to September or next May. Regular cutting of dried buds of the Carpathian bluebell will prolong its flowering periods. And if at the end of it shortly pruned all flower stalks, in a month the plant will bloom again.
Since the Carpathian bell does not tolerate moisture stagnation, the soil for its cultivation must be loose. However, during periods of extreme heat, in order to avoid rapid evaporation and preserve the necessary moisture, it must be mulched on the contrary. Those plants that grow on stony hills, do not need this event. The bells do not tolerate neighborhoods with weeds, so you should promptly and very carefully eliminate weeds from flower beds.
Did you know?According to old beliefs, the bell brings love to young people, peace to old people and generally makes people happy.
Carpathian bell in landscape design
Carpathian bell is so attractive flower that you should pay due attention to its description. It reaches a height of 30 cm. The leaves are heart-shaped, small, collected in the socket and increasing closer to the roots. Due to this arrangement, a neat spherical bush with a diameter of 30 cm is formed. Single flowers in the shape of funnels of white, purple and blue shades in large numbers cover the whole bush of the plant. The Carpathian bell is perfectly adjacent to bright daisies, sweet lobelias, fragrant alissum and lush obrietta.
Very attractive composition of colorful plants. Among the alpine hills, the Carpathian bell is successfully combined in the design of the garden with saxifrage, periwinkle, young and stonecrop. When making rock aria, plant bells on the background of carnations, grass, styloid phlox, fescue and iberis. Recently in landscape design trends in the placement of flowering plants in flowerpots are popular. Gentle Carpathian bells are planted with beds framing the paths, as well as mixed flower beds with mostly low-growing flowers.
Disease and pest resistance
Diseases and pests for the Carpathian bell are mostly not terrible, so the plant is rarely affected by them. However, with many years of growing flowers in one place in the soil, there is an accumulation of pathogenic microorganisms - fusarium, sclerotinia and botrytis. They can destroy the plant. To prevent this, twice a season (in the spring and autumn periods), process the flowers with a solution of "Fundazol" in a concentration of 0.2%. During periods of high humidity on the bells there is a slobbering penny, which is displayed garlic extract. The leaves and shoots of the flower are subject to invasions of slugs and snails. You can get rid of pests drugs "Thunder" and "Meta." Also, the leaves of bluebells are often covered with rust, which copper-containing preparations help to fight. To prevent it from hitting the plant, it is necessary to carry out regular preventive spring and autumn tillage with Gumi or Fitosporin preparations.
Did you know?It is said that this flower served as the prototype of the bell, therefore its Latin name is “campanula”, which is derived from the word “campana” - translated as “bell”. In Italy, the so-called belltower - Campanilla.
Other ways of propagation of the bell Carpathian
Halong with seed propagation of the bellflower, there are also vegetative methods: dividing the bush and grafting. Their use allows you to increase the number of plants in the summer and autumn. Also, during vegetative propagation, the possibility of over-pollination and splitting of signs is excluded, therefore obtaining identical planting material and transmission of all varietal characteristics is guaranteed.
Carpathian bell for grafting is driven out at a temperature of + 10 ° C. Cuttings should be cut to the size of three centimeters with one or two buds. Favorable periods for this are spring months. During this time, you can get a lot of planting material. The cuttings root very well and the root system is fully formed after three weeks. Plant cuttings need to multi-cell plate of three pieces each. The substrate is prepared as follows: take in equal proportions of earth, sand and humus, and then mix them.
Plant the cuttings and cover with a layer of sand a couple of centimeters. The sand has a good absorption capacity, therefore, it retains moisture well, remaining loose and ventilated. This has a positive effect on young roots. The most suitable conditions can be created with the help of a fine fogging installation under plastic wrap. The use of vegetative propagation methods significantly accelerates the flowering of the bell.
Carpathian bell is very convenient in care, as it multiplies in three ways. The last method we consider is the division of the bush. You can take only those bells that have reached the age of three. The procedure is carried out at the beginning of May or at the end of August, that is, at the extreme stages of the growing season. Uterine plants need to dig, cut off all the shoots and cut the rhizome into pieces, which are planted in shallow holes. If it becomes necessary to divide the bush into very small parts, then they will have to be grown in containers. Here it is already necessary to introduce additional fertilizing with liquid fertilizers.
Carpathian bell: varieties and varieties
In the people, these cute flowers were called: chenille, chebotki, bells. More than 300 species of Campanula are known. Recently, breeders have been developing new unique varieties of perennial bells suitable for planting on alpine slides.
Terry and non-terry varieties of the bell of the Carpathian, which are painted in white, pink shades and the whole range of blue color, have a special charm. The Carpathian perennial bell reaches only 30 cm in height, the delicate stems of the plant grow back every spring. The plant has two types of leaves: large collected in a neat basal rosette, smaller leaves are alternately arranged on the stems. Campanula forms a lush bush, each shoot of which is crowned with single bell-shaped flowers. Flowering usually begins in mid-summer and lasts until the fall, the duration depends on the type of bells.
Tip! Removal of faded buds will stimulate lateral branching and the formation of new buds. Cardinal pruning of the Carpathian campanula bush causes a second wave of flowering plants.
Providing care for the bell in the open field is not difficult at all. The plant can do without watering in the spring months, when the roots have enough moisture from the melt water.
After wintering the plants should be inspected and remove the dead parts of the bushes.
During intense heat, to preserve moisture, it is necessary to mulch the soil in beds with plants. Copies of bluebells that grow on stony hills do not require mulching in the summer.
Fertilizer and feeding the bell
In early spring, the grown bushes of campanula are useful for feeding with full organo-mineral fertilizer. In mid-summer, plants in the open field will perfectly respond to the introduction of phosphate fertilizers and trace elements.
Tip! Excessive application of organic fertilizers will lead to an increase in the green mass of the bush to the detriment of flowering.
The Carpathian bell can be propagated by dividing the bush and seeds that ripen in boxes by the end of September. Growing a plant from seed is quite troublesome, as the seedlings are very weak and tender. When self-seeding, the campanulas spring grow adapted to local conditions. Sowing seeds is recommended in the autumn or spring. Flowering of the flower grown from the seeds will come in 2-3 years.
The division of the bush is suitable only for adults, fully grown up plants that are 3 years old.
In addition to these methods of reproduction, the bell easily multiplies in the summer period by green cutting. Cuttings are cut into segments with several internodes from healthy bushes. Rooting is carried out in a greenhouse or greenhouse. Excellent results were observed when using growth stimulants during the rooting of green cuttings. Preparations "Epin" or "Kornevin" will significantly reduce the risk of death of plants, and also guarantee the rapid formation of a strong root system. Grown up specimens are transplanted to a permanent place in early autumn or spring.
Diseases and pests
The Carpathian bell is practically not threatened by pests. Thin leaves and shoots of the plant suffer only from the invasion of slugs. Expel pests from plants will help drugs "Thunder" and "Meta."
The leaves of the bells can become rusty, and preparations containing copper in the composition can help in the fight against the disease. To prevent the spread of rust, it is useful to carry out preventive tillage in the spring and autumn with Gumi or Fitosporin preparations.
Bluebell Carpathian: combination with other plants
On the alpine hill perennial bells are ideally arranged in plantings with rocky, obrietta, lobelia, daisies and other perennial or annual plants for rocky gardens.
The combination of blue and white bells planted nearby is very picturesque. Photo of landscape compositions using a campanula confirms the perfect combination of blue bells with white, pink and yellow flowers.
The plant is ideally combined with the emerald carpet of urban lawns.