Syrotika syrup is a plant belonging to the Lastovnev family, it is widely distributed throughout America and Africa. Grouse can grow in the form of deciduous and evergreen shrubs. It is important to know that the plant secretes poisonous juice, which causes numerous irritations on the skin. The plant has a very strong smell, thanks to this, insects are attracted to it.
Application of a vatochnik
Some species have beneficial healing properties, however, most are unsuitable for consumption. Seeds are covered with wool in the form of cotton, which is why the plant has received such an interesting name. There is a small amount of rubber and essential oils in the stem of the stalk. It can be found in the open spaces of Ukraine and Russia, also in different countries of Europe. Plant fibers were often used to make cotton and silk fabrics, and they were also used to make wool. A little later, they tried to make rubber from the plant, however, it did not bring success, the material turned out to be of poor quality.
Today the plant is considered one of the most dangerous weeds. The Sytoacan griper is difficult to destroy, it poses a threat to green fields. The danger lies in the fact that the weed multiplies rapidly. Typically, the plant begins to grow in May, in particular when crops have already been sown, the seedling can reach incredible sizes: up to two meters. Application vatnika suitable for the production of cotton fabrics.
The appearance of plants, biological features
Shivering is about 150 cm in length, its stems are straight, even and rather thick. If they are cut, you can see a thick juice that has an unpleasant smell. This substance contains glycoside asklepiadin, it is widely used in traditional medicine. The leaves look like ellipses, they are quite large. The plant has umbrellas that are on the peduncles, its flowers are also not small, they have a diameter of about 1 cm, are light pink.
Syacophilus syrup blooms from July, bloom lasts a month. The Sytoran wiper has many boxes, each of which has seeds. Fruits mainly appear in September, the plant is pollinated by insects, its roots are large, the root system is pivotal, it is up to 120 cm long.
It is important to remember that the Syriac hatcher and all its breeds are dangerous to animals. Useful properties lies in the fact that the shiver is a very good honey plant, it attracts a huge number of butterflies, bees and wasps. It is known that recently the plant began to be used for decorating personal plots, it is widely used for landscaping. The grouper can often be seen in an open area in a well-lit area. The plant grows in places where moderate humidity. Vatochnik flowers should be used for the treatment of purulent wounds, for this it is recommended to prepare a decoction. Contraindications - idiosyncrasy, allergies, pregnancy.
The grouser is spread by the wind, its fruits and seeds have many sailing appendages, the seeds of the vatochnicka diverge precisely because of them. Seeds germinate in spring at a time when the soil warms up to 15 degrees. In order for the plant to germinate well, the temperature must be within +25 degrees. Barrel change have good adaptability. As mentioned above, one plant can contain three thousand seeds.
In the process of conducting experiments, scientists have identified the main properties of the Syrian vatochnika. The experiments were conducted in dry and windless weather, it was found that the life of the flower lasts up to eight days. In order to bring out nectar favorably, warm and dry weather is necessary, the temperature should be within +20 degrees, at a humidity of 80%. Nectar excretion slows down when there is a sharp fluctuation in temperature. The high viscosity of nectar is obtained when dry weather sets in, because of this, insects do not fly to the plant. The secretion of nectar stops at a temperature of +10 degrees.
Value for agriculture
In the 17th century, vatochnik was prized in Europe as a technical culture. Grass stalks were used to make ropes, fabrics, and tufts of inflorescences were used as cotton for stuffing upholstered furniture and toys. From the juice tried to get rubber. However, the production was laborious and requiring considerable financial investments, and the final product did not have the proper quality. With the development of technology, manufacturers' attention has shifted to high-quality rubber, which is in demand in the market.
Vatochnik gradually moved into the category of ornamental plants. Until now, it can be found in the front gardens and near the fences of private houses in Ukraine.
Here are two decorative types:
- frost-resistant meat-red variety - with purple inflorescences, giving nectar from June to August (about 30-35 days),
- tuberose variety - with orange flowers, blooming from mid-summer and blooming throughout the autumn (it hinders badly in the forest-steppe, even with winter shelter).
The plant is used in modern pharmacology as a bactericidal and anti-inflammatory agent. Young shoots of herbs are included in the composition of dishes instead of traditional asparagus.
Grass penetrates easily into natural plant groups! When hit on the field, it acts like a weed - it quickly takes root and seizes the territory, which leads to a loss of harvest. For example, soy is harvested by 15-20 percent less. A loss of oat harvest is more than 25 percent.
The symphony melliferous stalker has a high stem, sometimes reaching two meters. When it is broken, the juice is characteristic in color and consistency - a milk containing rubber and tar. The leaves are large simple lanceolate forms, placed on the stalks opposite.
The flowers have a different color - from pale to bright pink-purple hue. They are quite large, collected in umbrella inflorescences. After flowering, sickle-shaped boxes with dark brown oval seeds are formed. When ripe, the boxes open - the seeds are outside. They are bordered with long fluffy hairs of white color in the form of a tuft, resembling cotton wool (hence the name of the grass).
Rapid reproduction by seeds is possible only in years with a long, very warm autumn. In this weather, the wind spreads fully ripened seeds over long distances.
Gumbler melliferous plant that tolerates cold winters and dry summer weather. He likes moderately fertilized soil mixed with sand. After landing, it gradually grows, forming almost regular rows.
When sowing seeds threw out inflorescences only after two or three years! Planting seedlings accelerates the process of vegetation - the first flowers appear in the second half of summer.
Seeds need to be planted on the windowsill in early March. The first shoots appear after two weeks. By the end of May, the beginning of summer, the seedlings will be ready for transplanting into open ground.
It is necessary to water a grass only during the droughty periods. Top dressing by mineral fertilizers is carried out once a year, in the summer.
Note! In the European Union, the melliferous beetle is included in the list of invasive species that harm crops. This means that its special cultivation with the release of seeds into nature, as well as the transfer of seed material or its import into EU countries is prohibited.
On average, weed eradication from the fields takes an average of 3-5 years of targeted treatment with a mixture of herbicides!
When cultivating near apiaries, it is necessary to place the stands of the votnika far from the fields with cultural plantings. But even in this case, uncontrolled weed propagation in nature is not guaranteed. Although its seeds ripen not every year, the risk of their spreading by the wind on a warm autumn is quite possible - viability in the soil remains for three years.
Forest, forest-steppe zones with a moderately warm or cool climate are most favorable for the growth and spread of the honey plant.
It is valuable for apiaries as a plant with inflorescences that are fragrant and attractive to honey bees. It blooms in the period from the second half of July, August. Depending on the weather, nectar is released within 3-4 weeks.
Medoproduktivnost is different. On average, 45-85 kilograms of marketable honey are produced per hectare. However, there are some references to a record 100-200 kilograms.
Honey collected from vatochnika, light with a slight yellowish tinge. The aroma is thin with a little chocolate note. Crystallizes slowly. It looks almost transparent after pumping from honeycombs.
Honey from vatochnik is used in traditional medicine:
- for any skin diseases, including psoriasis and versicolor,
- when biting various insects to treat the affected surface.
This product is used in cosmetology as a rejuvenating agent with a high content of amino acids.
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