General information

Phlox: the secrets of successful cultivation in the garden


Splendid floxes, magnificent in their pomp and variety of shades of their inflorescences, are deservedly loved by gardeners not only for their external dignity, but also because they are very unpretentious (not counting a couple of details).

To decorate your site with colorful flowering, you need to know the features of planting flowers and mandatory care.

Optimum growing conditions

Spray phloxes feel good both in sun-drenched areas and in partial shade. Still, a few better conditions for them is considered light shading, diffused, and not direct natural lighting.

The fact is that the forces of the plant are exhausted by overheating of the soil at the rhizome and in general. They can not fully grow under the direct rays of the sun, absorb nutrients from the earth, be saturated with air and moisture when watering. If you adjust the lighting, phlox will respond with a longer (for the whole month) flowering and brighter color of the inflorescences.

In areas where winds and drafts are walking, flowers cannot suffer directly (wither), but are easily able to lose the neat shape of the bushes, to avoid which they are tied up.

Phloxes are quite demanding on quality land. Optimal types of soil - loamy and sandy, necessarily repeatedly and deeply dug up, facilitated by careful loosening and moistened (but not so much that there was a probability of waterlogging of the soil), saturated with fertilizers.

Healthy formation of greenery and full bloom of cluster phlox is simply impossible to achieve on sandy, drained, compacted lands.

Planting plants

The planting of phlox begins with the “ennoblement” of the plot intended for them. It must be fed with organic matter (humus and compost), nitrogen, potash and phosphate fertilizers. They will be most effective in the form of bone meal, wood ash and potash nitrate with superphosphate.

If the soil is heavy or clayey - it is diluted with sand, if on the contrary, it is too light - humus and compost.

Following the application of fertilizers dig a plot, get rid of weeds and stones, crushing clods of earth.

Marking the territory of the future flower garden, spray phlox is recommended to plant low-growing varieties at a distance of 40 cm, medium grown - 50-60 cm, tall - 70 cm.

From the root system of the plant it is necessary to remove completely thinned tiny, damaged and dry roots.

Planting phlox is very important not to bury them on the same level with the soil (and in no case below it). It should be located at the location of the points of growth and renewal of buds, the growth of new leaves.

For accuracy in such a responsible arrangement of colors it is useful to focus on the rhizome. Seedlings should be placed so that the tops of the roots were 2.5-3 cm from the soil level.

Phloxes are planted not only in spring, but also in autumn - from mid-September to the first decade of October. At that time, they had already formed kidneys of renewal, but they were still able to take root, to settle in a new place before the onset of frost.

Less phlox planted in the summer. In this case, the plants become plants in bloom, however, after planting, the plant loses this beauty. Inflorescences need to be removed completely, so all the same, in the end, the season for them will be missed.

Its importance in the care of phloxes is difficult to overestimate. Plants need constantly moistened soil and are particularly demanding for regular watering in spring and early summer, when they are actively growing, they bud out and bloom magnificently. It is better if the water is separated, warm, and it should be poured directly into the grooves, gently, without haste, avoiding even a light splashing of the leaves. Those who thirst for drinking flowers in general, unfortunately, will respond to such irrigation with an increased risk of powdery mildew infection.

The timely and complete provision of phlox plantings with nutritious feeds is one of the main conditions for a healthy and healthy growth.

Optimally plan for phlox 3 times to apply fertilizer per season:

  • The first - at the stage of the emergence of new young leaves and shoots. Nitrogen fertilizers, humus and compost are introduced or plentifully irrigated with a complex of mineral fertilizers.
  • The second is when phloxes release the first buds. The best choice will be a special blend for flowering garden plants, and a set of mineral elements.
  • The third - at the end of the last flowering. During this period, it is most expedient to feed the plants with phosphorus and potassium, which contributes to the establishment of strong buds for the next season and the maturation of the rhizomes. The choice can be made in favor of half a serving of mineral elements and compost or laying a standard volume of potassium sulfate and superphosphate.

Mulching and weed control

Phloxes are quite demanding on mulching. Every year is required to create a new layer. During the season you need to care about its quality. Thus, the land on which phlox grows will be protected from compaction, drying and excessive overheating, which will contribute to the healthy development of the root system and the laying of powerful peduncles.

If there is a mulch, it will not be necessary to periodically weed weeds.

With frequent drafts or cross winds, spray phloxes are recommended to be tied up in order to preserve pomp and shape. To do this, wrap a bush with a cord or soft twine and fix it on one or more columns (the so-called circular dressing method).

Diseases and pests

The most dangerous disease for flowers is the phlox nematode, which affects leaves and shoots. As a result, the bushes slow down their development and gradually die. It is easy to learn because the leaves that have been dried by it become like narrow ribbons. Unfortunately, it is impossible to cure plants from it.

In order not to aggravate the situation, they are dug out with a large clot of soil and destroyed. And another 3 years on the site of their former habitat is unacceptable to grow anything closely related. For example, you can not plant gypsophila and primroses.

With powdery mildew, phlox can quickly become infected from other plants, for example, from roses. And fortunately, in this case, drastic measures are not required - it is enough to spray fungi from the fungus.

To complete the treatment and prevention of the spread of the disease, after pruning plants prior to their hibernation, it is required to carry out soil disinfection. To this end, the ground is watered with a solution of copper sulphate, prepared at the rate of 100 g per 10 liters of water. Such processing can be carried out in order to prevent contamination and to increase the resistance of planting to powdery mildew next year.

Preparing for the winter

At the end of autumn, when the phloxes had faded, but before the first frosts hit, they cut off all the shoots cleaned, leaving literally only hemp towering 5-6 cm above the ground.

Next, phloxes need to be covered with a good layer of dry peat, pine needles, fallen leaves. Despite the winter hardiness of plants, severe frosts can damage their root system if there is no snow cover on the ground.

Flowers should be insulated in case snow does not fall out enough and just for additional prophylaxis.


Dilution of letne-blooming spray phlox occurs by vegetative methods. Although it is not bad for them to root stem cuttings cut in the spring, usually the “population” of flowers is increased by the method of separating adult bushes.

The second option is recommended to do every 3-4 years for the healing and rejuvenation of plants.

Where better to plant phlox in the garden

When choosing a place for phlox in the garden, it is necessary to take into account the natural conditions in which they were “born”. Plants are found in regions with a temperate climate, in very humid areas, where there is often no snow, and the average temperature is kept at + 4 ° C.

Most often, phlox can be found in the forest, on the banks of rivers. The main thing to remember is - phlox love humiditytherefore it is better to choose such areas where groundwater will have good access to the roots.

Phlox makes both sunny places and partial shade. It is best to choose places protected by the shade of trees and tall shrubs. If there are a number of higher "neighbors" around the phlox will collect more snow, and the plant will be better protected from temperature changes, and moisture will be more intense.

Cultivation of phlox is best carried out on the south-west, east or southeast side. The plant should also be protected from cold winds and drafts.

The combination of phlox on a bed with other plants

Recently, phlox in landscape design are becoming increasingly popular. They are beautiful, original and can not fail to attract the attention of gardeners. The smell of phlox is very pleasant. They look great both in single and in group plantings, especially if you plant in a single bush several seedlings of different color.

Phlox looks very beautiful in the company of both coniferous trees and exotic plants, for example, book publishing. Due to its long flowering and vitality, phloxes look very beautiful in plantings of ornamental plants.

When creating compositions with phloxes, it is worth considering that in daylight plants may have slightly different shades: for example, blue may turn violet-purple. On the phlox petals of some varieties there are various blotches and stripes, which makes the plant more attractive.

Watering plants

Phlox is a very moisture-loving plant, and groundwater is not always enough for it to fully moisturize. If you plant a flower too close with other plants, it will lack moisture. Therefore, in too dry weather with a prolonged absence of rain, it is necessary to conduct additional watering “under the bush”.

Watering should be so that the water almost did not fall on the leaves and flowers of the plant. At 1 square meter when watering you need to use 15 - 20 liters of water, it is better to water in the evening.

It should be remembered that the phlox does not tolerate stagnation of water, and therefore it is necessary to loosen the soil. If you notice that the leaves and flowers lose their appearance due to drought, you can spray the plant.

Fertilizing flowers

Despite the fact that the growth of phlox can be divided into 3 stages, you need more fertilizing.

3 stages of flower development:

  • Stage 1 - the most active in development, at this time it is necessary to give Phlox a lot of nitrogen and actively moisten the flower,
  • Stage 2 - flowering and budding, at this time more potassium and phosphorus are needed, and the amount of nitrogen needs to be reduced,
  • Stage 3 - The most difficult period, as it is now formed seeds, and the plant absorbs all sorts of top dressing, preparing for bed.

The first feeding phlox carried out immediately after the snow melt. Usually at this time use complex fertilizer in granules. At the same time, loosening (for better penetration of fertilizers) and mulching (for the steam effect) should be carried out. It is especially important to mulch plants aged 3-4 years.

Second time fertilizers are applied at the beginning of July - the end of May. You can use a mullein infusion (prepare yourself or buy ready-made) with the addition of ash.

Top dressing will be more effective if you add nitroammophos or “Kemira Universal” to it (ratio: half tablespoon to a bucket of water). If these materials are not at hand, they can be replaced by any complex mineral fertilizer that you need to use according to the instructions.

Third time plants are fed depending on the variety: earlier varieties are fed in mid-June, and later ones must be fertilized in late June. During this period, increase the composition of potassium in the feed. Enhance the effect with the help of a solution of urea, which contribute foliar way.

Next fertilizer applied in early July. You can use the same fertilizer as for the June feeding, but you need to add a little superphosphate (10 - 15 g).

The following dressings are carried out after flowering. - complex fertilizers will be your best assistant during this period. You can also water the plant with a solution of ash.

There are several rules that will make feeding more effective:

  • feeding is best done in the evening,
  • if you use a dry dressing - rely on the weather forecast and spend it before the rain,
  • The amount of fertilizer should not be excessive.

Pruning phlox

Most gardeners recommend pruning phlox in the fall, before the hive takes over for the winter. You need to start immediately after the bush has blossomed. A month is allocated for this procedure: from the end of September to the end of October.

It is at this time that all the beneficial substances that the plant accumulates throughout the entire period of active growth pass into the root. In different zones this period may vary.

Despite the opinion of most gardeners that pruning should be done in the fall, some tend to think that spring pruning has a right to exist. Such pruning is recommended to be carried out only in those areas where there is little snow in winter, arguing that the stems will be useful for the plant for the winter to keep the snow on itself.

Pruning can be done in two ways:

  • to ground level to get rid of possible pests and phlox diseases,
  • 10 cm above the ground for snow to cover the plant.
After pruning, the area near the bush is treated with fungicides or insecticides, and also destroys all the cut material, and along with it, diseases, insects and other pests.

Preparing Phlox Bushes for Winter

Phloxes, like any perennial, tend to reject the weakest shoots in winter. In order for your plant not to suffer large losses, it is necessary to prepare the bush for winter sleep in several stages:

  1. Autumn feeding phlox fertilizers containing a large amount of potassium phosphate substances.
  2. Pruning phloxwhich is carried out with the purpose of rejuvenation of the bush and prevention of diseases.
  3. Autumn mulching phlox. This procedure is carried out using horse manure (make 3 buckets immediately after the fall feeding). On the mulch soil, you can put additional coverage that will delay the snow and prevent the soil from freezing. For this procedure it is better to use only organic products.

Dividing bush

The most popular way of phlox breedingbush dividing. They usually carry out the procedure in the spring (after the retreating frosts) or in the early autumn so that the roots start well.

Only large bushes can be divided. The bush that you are going to divide, you must carefully dig up, trying not to damage the rhizome, shake off the root neck and the bush itself from the ground.

The roots should be carefully unraveled and separated from each other so that each division has the seedlings of shoots, young buds and some roots. A divided bush should be planted immediately so that the roots do not dry out. If the planting needs to be transferred, the root can be moistened in a clay mash.

The cutting method is best suited for beginner gardeners. For grafting choose healthy adult plants.

The cuttings are cut in such a way that there are 2 buds (node) on one branch: one cut is made directly under the knot, the other - 2-3 cm above the knot. We remove the leaves from the cutting: the lower ones are cut off completely, and the upper ones - to half. Cuttings can immediately be planted in the ground at a permanent place, or in boxes for seedlings.

If you are using a box, then you should sprinkle the planted material with Vermiculite (thin layer) on top, and if the plants grow immediately on the bed, use humus, and then Vermiculite (also peat will do).

Boxes put in a warm place, and shelter the beds. Young cuttings should be protected from direct sunlight and watered 1 time in 3 days for 3 weeks. The result can be seen in 2-3 weeks.

If you used a box, then after the first shoots appear, the cuttings are transplanted into a special bed for growing, and here they can grow until the next spring. If you immediately used the open ground, you can promulcate the bed for the winter with humus, fallen leaves or peat.

Reproduction by layering - one of the easiest procedures in the cultivation of phlox on your site.

The flower should be plentifully poured with earth to about half the height of the bush. On the stems, over time, the layers begin to appear, which actively germinate. When the root system of the cuttings will be sufficiently developed, and the cuttings will grow by 10-15 cm, they must be carefully freed from the soil and landed in a permanent place.

If you decide to plant a seed, remember that some properties may be lost. Sowing seeds is best for the winter: during the wintering period, a natural stratification will take place.

Clear the seeds from the bolls immediately before sowing, should be selected seeds of round shape, the darkest in color. The first shoots appear in April, they need to be transplanted only when they grow to a height of 8-10 cm. Seedlings are planted at a distance of 12-15 cm from each other, so that the development takes place actively.

При соблюдении всех правил и рекомендаций по уходу за флоксами, у вас обязательно получится украсить свой участок этими прекрасными, яркими цветами.

На какую глубину сажать цветы

The cut-off shield with a kidney and a sheet is planted in the distribution boxes, pre-filled with fertile earth, and on top of it - with a layer of 2 cm sand. The ground for packing the boxes is prepared from humus (or compost), well decomposed peat and sand taken in equal volumes. When planting in the boxes, the axillary bud should be at a depth of 1.5 cm, and the shield should be placed vertically. The cuttings are planted in rows, one from the other at a distance of 10 cm, the distance in the row is 5-6 cm. If the blade plate of the cut-off shield is very large, it is cut by about 1/3 before planting.

It is better to divide the bushes (in spring, summer, autumn) in cloudy weather and protect the roots before planting in a permanent place from drying out, sprinkling the separated parts with earth, covering it with moist moss or dipping rhizomes in a yarn talker.

Phlox can be transplanted during the summer, but always with a clod of earth. The top of the rhizome of the planted bush should be 3-5 cm below the surface of the earth.

If at the beginning of winter snow fell a layer of 20–25 cm, low temperatures for most varieties will not cause significant damage. With a layer of snow of 50–60 cm and more, phloxes can withstand temperatures as low as -35 ºC.

In August, at the end

After the phloxes take root and grow, feed them with a solution of mullein, slurry or ammonium nitrate - 15–20 g per bucket of water per 1 m² of plantings. Watering is carried out as needed. Over the summer, phlox bushes are fed 3–4 times with a solution of liquid fertilizers.

Ground cover plants

The roots are completely unprotected, and if the winter is cold and snowless, the danger of freezing is very high. Yes, and in the heat of such bushes suffer greatly.

But at the same time, it is impossible to overfeed with nitrogen, as this will increase the green mass, and phlox will bloom worse. In addition, the plant stems crack, the bushes are falling apart and, in such a weakened form, they are more often affected by diseases and pests are annoying. So, everything is good in moderation.

Phlox, the choice of place in the garden and planting

Many flower growers for the winter cut phloxes paniculate, leaving hemp 10-15 cm.

Next feed (In the autumn we plant phlox with stems and leaves, cutting off only the faded tip, because the leaf machine still works and will help the plant to prepare well for winter.The peculiarities of vegetative propagation of low carpet perennials, for example, styloid phloxes, allow them to be planted to a greater depth than they were previously growing. With this planting plants take root better, as the buried shoots give new roots.

Boxes with root cuttings for the winter are placed in a dark room or basement, in which the air temperature does not rise above 2. 3 ° C. The soil in the boxes should be all the time wet, so that the cuttings do not dry out. At the end of winter (February-March), cuttings are brought into a heated room or greenhouse, covered with boxes with plywood and gradually increase the temperature.The cuttings are usually planted in transverse rows with distances between the rows of 8 cm and between plants 5-6 cm.For long (5 and more years) growth on the same place.

Selection of varieties for planting

PropagatedWithSoil is close to neutral or slightly acidic. With high alkalinity of the soil, the bushes grow poorly and have a depressed appearance. Before planting phlox, it is very good to add 25–30% of its volume to semi-decomposed horse manure or leaf humus, loose forest litter, various composts with the addition of ash, bone meal, saltpeter and superphosphate to loamy garden soil.I advise you to cut them very shortly, almost flush with the ground, as the left hemp helps to winter them with pests and disputes of various diseases.

Preparing the soil for planting phlox

Phlox planted in the autumn, the next summer bloom on time.© A.IvanovWhen sprouts appear, they begin to accustom them to the light. In the spring (May), the developed plants are planted in open ground for rearing, and in the first half of September or better in the spring of next year they are planted in a permanent place.

The cuttings are planted using a small pick-peg, which is used to make a hole where the cutting is then inserted. It should be submerged in the soil to approximately the top node. Having planted the cutting, they stick a peg next to it and press the ground to them against the cutting.​-​

Must be made taking into account the color of the flower, the height of the bushes and the time of flowering. For thisDivision of the bushes, cuttings (stem, root, leaf) and seeds.Autumn

Organic fertilizer is better to make with mineral. Close up fertilizer deeper than 20-25 cm is not necessary. It is useless and even harmful. Do not deposit into the groundPruning is done with the onset of stable cold weather, approximately in the second decade of October.) Accounts for the period when phloxes begin to fade and seed pods are formed. At this time, fertilizing is carried out with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers (20 g of superphosphate and 10 g of potassium sulfate per bucket of water).If you are late with the purchase of planting material, it would be better not to plant it, but prikopat on a plot with loose soil to a depth of 20-25 cm, protecting it from frost with mulch or nonwoven covering material. Phlox can be planted in the summer, but with a clod of earth and abundant watering, while removing the inflorescences in order to direct all the forces of the plant to rooting.We continue, as agreed, the conversation about

Phlox can be propagated by root cuttings in early spring. In this case, the boxes with the cuttings do not have to follow the whole winter.Cuttings with two knots are usually planted without a picking peg, since, with little effort, they easily enter the soil and sit tightly in it if you press the soil to the cutting with two fingers.For undersized varieties

It is necessary to make a plan of planting varieties, according to which it is produced On average, 10 square meters. m. decorative appointment will need about 80-90 pcs. seedlings. Low-growing and curb varieties that are usually planted thicker, require 95 -110 pieces per 10 square meters. metersMostPlanting phlox plot begin to prepare for 1-2 weeks. All mineral fertilizers recommended for spring planting are added to the soil, except for saltpeter and potassium salt, which are applied in the early spring of next year to the upper soil layer when loosening.

Spring planting phlox

Sawdust, shavings, moldy horse manureThe base of the bush and the soil around it are treated with fungicides against diseases.

For applying phosphorus to the soil it is very good to use bone meal, which is an organic fertilizer and provides plants with this element for a long time.

Before planting the roots are pruned in order to rejuvenate them, and also we cut out all the diseased and dented parts of the plant to a healthy tissue.Phlox

  • Spring grafting of the roots usually accompanies reproduction by dividing the bushes in early spring, since this division from the rhizome can take up to 1/3 of the roots and use them for reproduction.
  • After planting, the box with the cuttings is watered and shaved, if there are no natural shading. Pritening is left until the cuttings give sprouts.

Recommend a distance between plants of 30-40 cm, and for tall 50-60 cm. With a distance of 50-60 cm. With good care, phloxes can grow in the same place up to 5-6 years.

Autumn planting phlox

As we have already mentioned on our pages, phlox can be planted in spring, autumn, and even, in extreme cases, in summer. Each planting period has both positive and negative sides, and the choice of a planting date depends on many circumstances. Neither spring nor autumn cannot be delayed in landing.SimpleIf you purchased phlox in

, You run the risk of pathogens of fungal diseases in the soil. In addition, the decomposition of sawdust consumes a large amount of nitrogen.Approximately 10 days after treatment, mulch planting phlox, but preferably under mulch, pre-sprinkle 1 tablespoon of superphosphate (already on frozen ground) and a handful of ash under each bush. This will be a good incentive for the spring start of plants, and besides, ash will help scare off pests.Phloxes begin to prepare for winter and are in need of phosphorus and potassium for better aging of rhizomes and budding of renewal.

Also, phlox can be transplanted even in the flowering state, but only under the condition of careful digging of seedlings and abundant watering before rooting. Do not overdry rhizomes, as in this case the plant will take root much worse, get sick and in the future its development will slow down. We make the landing pit of such a size that the root system is placed in it freely and fill it with water.. In the previous article, we met with the fact that it is better to choose phlox saplings and with the variety of their varieties.Root cuttings in spring breeding are planted in the distribution boxes, which are installed in a greenhouse or some other room with an air temperature of 10. 15 ° C, having previously covered them from light. After 10-15 days, the temperature is raised to 18. 25 ° C. When sprouts appear, the shading is removed, plants accustomed to light are planted out of the boxes in open ground.

The first 5-7 days, the cuttings must be watered 3-5 times a day and ensure that they do not become loose. In the future, watering is carried out as needed. Watering cuttings need warm water (25. 30 ° C), cold water delays peeling.

Top dressing phlox

N. J. IppolitovaWith a late autumn planting, phloxes do not have time to take root well, and they can freeze out in winter, and during late spring planting, due to hot weather, they will develop poorly.

The method of phlox breeding is the division of the bush at the beginning of the growth of shoots. You can share in the fall to mid-September. At later planting times, plants can freeze to death.October

WoodyIn this section, I will probably finish this article. We still have to consider two issues in the cultivation of phlox: methods of reproduction, diseases and pests of phlox, as well as measures to combat them.

Also, do not forget about foliar feeding on the leaves, to which phloxes respond well.After the water is absorbed, proceed directly to planting the seedling. We straighten the roots well, fill the voids around them with nutrient soil, lightly press them with our hands and pour them over.

In the same article let's talk directly about growing the most common phlox - letnetsvetuschuschih.Sprouts do not appear in all root cuttings, and they develop unevenly, so they plant the plants on the bed selectively, allowing the remaining to germinate.

Phlox plant grown from stem cutting 5-6 weeks after graftingCandidate of Agricultural SciencesSpring landing beginFor acceleratedAnd later, the bushes are not planted in the autumn, but they are added dropwise to a depth of 20–25 cm. For a prikopa, choose a place protected from cold winds, where as much snow accumulates. After the soil freezes, pripatanny seedlings cover with a dry leaf, peat.AshSee you soon, dear readers!

It is best to feed the plants in the evening after abundant watering, and even better after the rain, when the soil is well saturated with moisture.

Phlox division

3-4 weeks after planting the roots appear in the cuttings, and in the leaf axils of the upper node one or two shoots are formed, which develop into stems. If grafting was early and good care was provided, the plant may bloom by fall.Return - to contents - LiteratureAs soon as the soil thaws and earthworks can be carried out.

BreedingPhlox can be transplanted in the summer, but with a big lump of earth. Shrubs should not be divided, or, in extreme cases, can be neatly divided into large pieces.- valuable fertilizer for phlox. It contains potassium, lime, trace elements. Ash affects

In the nursery of saplings to buy phloxes panicled with ACS, price from 250r

Phlox cuttings

If the soil is dry, then top dressing can cause a burn of the roots and the plants themselves.Pay attention to the possible shrinkage of the soil after planting, if this happened, then pour a layer of loose, nutritious soil to the roots.PhloxTo prevent the freezing of weak shoots that appeared after cutting rhizomes in late autumn, it is advisable to mulch the plots.After the cuttings have settled and grown, they are watered 2-3 times in the summer with liquid slurry or a solution of nitrogenous mineral fertilizers (1/2 tablespoon of saltpeter or urea per bucket of water).

Adverse wintering conditions for phlox

A valuable variety will suit the method based on the ability of phlox to form renewal buds on thick roots when there are no ground shoots. For this fit adults (over 3 years old) plants. In early spring or in September, the selected shrub is dug in at a distance of about 10 cm from its base and 8–10 cm in depth. The bush is divided in the usual way, and fertile soil is poured into the hole from under it. Remaining roots in the ground will sprout. Of these, full-time bushes will develop over time.

Tall shrub phlox in nature grow in moist forests, among bushes, in lowlands and other damp places on humus-rich soils. Every year, natural mulch accumulates around the bushes - fallen leaves, stems and other organic matter that protects the rhizomes from frost, and rotting, in the spring provides plants with nutrients.

Selection of phlox varieties for planting

In spring and summer, shoots must be fed with a 1:15 mullein solution or 15-20 g nitre to a bucket of water to accelerate the growth and development of new bushes.

Rooted cuttings of early cuttings in July-August are planted on the garden for growing.This method of phlox multiplication is the easiest and fastest. The division of the bush can be carried out in spring and autumn: in spring, when the soil thaws to the depth of the roots of the plant by about 18-20 cm. The division must be carried out carefully. First, the plexuses of the root necks are separated from one another, then the roots going to these plexuses are already being dismantled, trying not to tear them off. It is necessary to use the knife only when it is not possible to separate the rhizome with hands. And cut with a knife only the place of accretion of root necks, separating in the future part of the hands. With careful division of 4-5-year-old bush, you can get 15-20 or more parts.

In the first two weeks, the bushes need to be watered regularly in 2-3 days until they grow. In order to reduce the amount of watering, the surface of the plantings should be mulched with humus or weathered peat.Phlox divide and transplant in 3-4 years.

Top dressing - in the second half of May with a liquid solution of a fermented mullein at a dilution of 1:15 or chicken droppings of 1:25. The solution of mullein can be replaced with a solution of ammonium nitrate 15–20 g per 10 l of water. This dressing will provide a powerful development of the plant, early and long flowering. A very good top dressing is a urea solution of 15–20 g per 10 liters of water. These solution sprayed the whole plant in the evening.

Planting phlox when planting phlox

Phloxes are non-capricious plants and will grow on different soils, but they reach the apogee of flowering and development only on loose, breathable, fairly moist and nutritious soils.

Applying the correct nutritional system, we can grow phlox in one place for seven years without losing their decorative effect.So that phlox could grow in one place for a long time without transplantation and bloom profusely, it is necessary to fertilize annually.

And only by completing them, we will be able to see this lush colorful phlox foam with intoxicating, slightly bitterish and nutty aromas that will fill our garden, resembling a boundless sea, agitated by the breath of a warm summer breeze.

By the seed method resorted to the reproduction of annual phlox and the breeding of new varieties. The seed breeding process is fairly simple. In the fall, before frost, they cut off the stems with almost ripened seed boxes, before cracking them (the cracked boxes scatter the seeds around the sides with their open flaps). The cut boxes are lightly dried and placed in gauze or paper bags, which are hung in a dry, ventilated place. After some time, collect the seeds spilled from the boxes. Freshly harvested seeds should be sown in the fall and sown in open ground or boxes 1.5 cm deep. The seed boxes are pre-filled with greenhouse at 5 cm depth. After the snow falls, they are carried out with seeds sown under the snow and left until spring. In the spring, the snow in the boxes will begin to melt, moistening the soil. The boxes are put into a dark room, and when seedlings appear (after about 20 days), they are rearranged to a bright, warm place. Shoots dive twice in the same dive boxes. The distance between the plants is left at the first pick of 3 cm, with the second - 5 cm. The boxes of phlox seedlings are kept in greenhouses or placed on a bed under the film. They are periodically aired. Before planting seedlings in the ground, it must be hardened, periodically removing the film or frame of the greenhouse. В открытый грунт сеянцы флоксов высаживают в конце мая - начале июня, на расстояние 20х30 см. Если рассада высажена в рыхлые, богатые гумусом почвы, она быстро развивается, и растения могут зацвести в этом же году. Наиболее пышного цветения и окраски флоксы достигают на 2-й год роста. Уход обычный.​

​Почва на грядках должна быть примерно такого же состава, как и в ящике. Песок на поверхность гряды не насыпают. The distance between rows should be 15-20 cm and between plants in a row of 10 cm.On each separated part must be growth buds - "eyes" or the beginnings of shoots. Rhizome without growth buds dies.

Phlox Transplant, Transplant Time

The secondBefore planting phloxes, it is recommended to put in peat

When choosing a place in the garden for planting any plant you need to focus on its natural habitat conditions.And, accordingly, if the need for nutrients is not satisfied and the care for them is bad, then the bushes get old very quickly.

Also, fertilizing is required by plants and throughout the entire growing season.

The garden gets a bright festive look and this impetuous flower extravaganza can last until the frost, with the right selection of varieties and species.The article was prepared on the materials of G.K. Tavlinova.

Cuttings harvested in autumn (from August to September) are planted in cold greenhouses or on racks in unheated greenhouses, since cuttings rooted poorly in open ground at this time and often die in winter.

Spring division of rhizomes is best done as early as possible, at the very beginning of the growth of above-ground shoots.

Distance between phlox when landing

CherenkLiquid feeding is given in mid-June. To the same fertilizers from the first top-dressing add 10 g of potassium salt or 20-30 g of ash.Composts

Phloxes are moisture-loving plants and they endure a lack of moisture quite painfully: they lose leaves, buds and flowers become smaller, flowering time is shortened, bushes become short.You can feed them 5-6 times per season. In the second half of May there is a time of intensive growth of the plant - the emergence of seedlings and the beginning of the formation of peduncles.So let's understand the secrets

Plant it in a pot now. By the time of landing in the exhaust gas you will have a good grown bush. Rednecks are now selling small and dried, you can not keep in the refrigerator before disembarking immediately for permanent residence.To make the cuttings better and faster to turn ore, pretreatment with growth stimulants (heteroauxin and other substances) can be applied. The heteroauxin solution is applied at a concentration of 50-100 mg per 1 liter of water, the cuttings are immersed in the solution for 2/3 of the length and kept for 8-12 hours.

The advantage of the spring division of rhizomes is that in the spring the bush can be divided into a very large number of parts, if only there is a growth bud ("eye") and a small amount of roots on each separated piece.

Anna Malchikova

Unfavorable conditions for the wintering of bush phlox are low-snow winters with severe frosts, in which the snow cover is insignificant, and frosts are strong, or severe frosts occur at the beginning of winter, when there is no snow yet. When air temperature is -15 ºC, growth buds freeze out within 10–15 days, and rhizome freezes during frost -20–25 ºC.

Top dressing give late flowering phlox. The composition of the fertilizer is the same as in the fourth dressing.

Phlox planting begins in early spring, as soon as the soil thaws. Place is prepared in the fall. Planted bushes should be watered well, and the ground should be mulched with humus or weathered peat. The first two weeks the plants are watered abundantly every 2–3 days.

Irina Murzinova

Phloxes are relatively light-loving plants, they grow and bloom badly in strongly shaded areas. It does not matter if phloxes are planted under the canopy of large trees because of the forced competition for food, moisture and light. It is better to plant them in the openwork shade of small trees and shrubs, so that during the hottest hours they do not suffer from the drying heat.