General information

The unique black raspberry - Cumberland: planting and caring for non-standard berries


When buying Cumberland black raspberry seedlings, get ready for the fact that it will require special care for yourself. It all starts with a landing. Many experienced gardeners do very wisely, planting all the seedlings in one row. With such a landing scheme, they observe a distance of one and a half meters between the plants.

Along the edges of the row are installed solid pillars, which serve as a reliable basis for guides. They are stretched between the pillars, whose height is about 2.5 meters. Thus, a kind of trellis is obtained. But this trellis is three tiered, so the guides are located at a height of 150 cm, 180 cm and 210 cm.

As guides, it is best to use aluminum wire.

Proper pruning of black raspberries

Since the shoots of the black variety Cumberland raspberry are quite powerful and long (thickness can reach 25 mm and reach 4 meters in length), the thickening of the shrub will be a natural phenomenon in the absence of pruning. The result of such connivance is poor ventilation and reduced fertility of the variety.

In this regard, experienced gardeners spend twice pruning black raspberries. Somewhere towards the end of June, they will do the first pruning. By this time, the shoots of Cumberland, as a rule, reach a height of 2 meters. The essence of the first trim is to remove the top at a height of about 1.5 meters. After this procedure, the garden culture produces from 4 to 10 side shoots.

Then comes the second period of cutting a black variety raspberry Cumberland. It falls on the autumn period, when the air temperature drops significantly, but is still at a plus level. As a rule, this is the end of October in the first days of November.

The pruning process affects all two-year-old shoots that have been successful. Annual shoots, without exception, gardeners shorten to 50 cm. In addition, all the bushes are given in perfect order. To do this, each of them leave up to 10 of the thickest and most powerful shoots.

Everything else is cut off from the soil itself.

Preparation of Cumberland Black Raspberry Bushes for Wintering

Before steady frosts come, all shoots of Cumberland raspberries are untied from the trellis and bend to the soil surface. They should not touch her. For this purpose, special metal brackets are used to reliably keep shoots at the same distance.

Shrubs can be nothing to cover, because the black raspberry itself is cold-resistant. A sufficient cover for them is snow cover, which can be sprayed with water for greater reliability in order to form an ice crust on it. This will keep the snow until spring.

With the onset of springtime, the shoots of black raspberry rise and neatly tied to the guide on the trellis. It is necessary to have the shoots so that they do not interfere with the penetration of sunlight. At the same time, the procedure of the garter also implies the removal of rodent-damaged and broken branches.

Black Cumberland Raspberry Feeding

In order for a large number of ovaries to get enough nutrition, black raspberries must be well fed. As a top dressing use infusion of mullein or bird droppings. The proportion of infusion is as follows:

  1. Korovyak - 1 part.
  2. Water - 7 parts.
  3. or
  4. Bird droppings - 1 part.
  5. Water - 18 parts.
  6. Superphosphate - 50 g per 10 liters of infusion.
  7. Wood ash 1 liter per 10 liters of infusion.

All top dressing is best combined with a generous watering bushes.

With proper care, black Cumberland raspberries are able to delight gardeners with their generous yields for 14 years.

Raspberry Black Cumberland. Cultivation, care Whether in the garden, in my garden

Hello readers of the blog "Whether in the garden, in my garden."

Today in the article I will talk about black Cumberland raspberry and what other varieties of black raspberry are. What is the difference between black raspberries and blackberries, as well as the cultivation of black raspberries.
Often, black raspberries are confused with blackberries, and in fact they have a difference: blackberries are removed along with white fruit stems, and black raspberries are without them.

What it looks like

Shrub up to 3 meters half-sprawling, shoots hang arched. Two-year shoots have a brown color with a lilac bloom, annual green shoots with a bluish bloom. The fruit of the black raspberry at the beginning of ripening is red, then darkens, turns black with full maturity. The shape of the fruit is round, the size of the berries is average.

Caring for black raspberries in general is not difficult, but in order for it to bear fruit and grow well, you need to follow some rules. The plot on which you are going to grow black raspberries should be protected from the winds and sunny.

In winter, raspberry shoots must be bent to the ground and covered with snow. Raspberry roots are long, so the groundwater level in the area where it grows must be at least 1.5 meters.

Landings should be avoided where water stagnates.

It is best to plant black raspberries in early spring, as soon as the snow melts, have time to plant before April 15. The distance between the plants is about a meter, and the distance between the rows is at least 2 meters so that the berries are not shaded. The depth of the landing pit is about 30-40 cm, the diameter is about half a meter.

It is necessary to add 6-7 kg of humus to the planting pit, you can replace with peat compost, and also add potassium sulfate 70-80g, and superphosphate 150-200g, or replace potash phosphate fertilizers with sieved ash about 500 g per well.

Everything is mixed and the plant roots are poured, then it is watered about 4 liters under each plant and is mulched with rotted compost, straw, peat 6-8 cm thick.