Breeders, crossing meat and egg breeds of chickens, hoped to get new populations of birds, which will leave behind their predecessors with productive qualities. And scientists have succeeded.
Universal breeds that can be used both as a tasty, meat product, and as a source of domestic, nutritious eggs - meet the expectations of even novice farmers, who are still only superficially familiar with the rules of breeding and housing poultry. Gray Kyrgyz Chicken is one of the most sought-after meat and egg hens.
Description of gray Kyrgyz chickens
The body has the shape of a cone, has a good, large size. The belly is voluminous. The comb is leaf-shaped. He and the lobes are painted in a beautiful, red-pink color, contrasting with the colorful gray plumage. Feathers loose, pleasant to the touch, moderately cover the surface of the body. Characteristic feature: the color of the plumage, in which black stripes are interspersed with white ones, making the “dress” both strict and bright.
In roosters in it can be found brown blotches. Chickens of these chickens look very cute. They are born with black down, but you can see bright spots on the stomach. To be able to divide the chicks into female and male individuals, breeders are guided in different colors of fluff on the head. The roosters on the heads have light areas of fluff.
The Kyrgyz Gray Chicken equally well tolerates both the conditions of the high-mountainous regions of the country, which is its homeland, and the climate with rapid temperature changes inherent in the Russian plains.
Healthy, strong individuals are determined by breeders on the quality of their plumage: color, speed of molting, change of down to dense feathers, on the exterior. After the breed was bred, breeders began to create its new directions that enhance meat or egg qualities. Therefore, the Gray Kyrgyz Chicken is an excellent genetic reserve for creating new bird populations.
Content and cultivation
Chicks should be fed immediately after they begin to dry and examine their surroundings. In the first days of life, it is advisable to give them shredded, hard-boiled eggs, crushed oatmeal, cottage cheese, yogurt.
From about 3 days, chopped alfalfa, clover, nettle can be added to the diet.. The 2-3% yeast used in baking craft will also be useful. Grated carrots, beets and pumpkin will be excellent vitamin supplements. It is necessary to ensure that the zobiki in chicks are complete.
After feeding the well-fed chickens sleep peacefully. If the chicken does not respond to food, does not drink water, is far away, there is no reaction to external stimuli - most likely it is sick. These chickens need to be set aside and try to feed them with a yolk pounded with milk.
Chicks meat and egg gain weight quickly enough, so the daily rate of food needs to be increased every time by 10%. Protein products must be present in the daily menu. Their source can be fresh, low-fat cottage cheese, skim milk, etc.
Gray Kirgiz hens with a good body weight, it is desirable to give for 20 g more flour-grain feeds and 5 g more animals, protein feed than for egg breeds. If the flour mixture is not, then it can be replaced with boiled potatoes, increasing the diet about 3 times. In the absence of root crops, greens will perfectly replace them - 40 grams per head per day.
It is necessary to feed gray Kyrgyz chickens up to 6 times a day, and adults 3–4 times. In winter, dry mixes should be mixed with warm broths. In the feeders intended for vitamin and mineral supplements, there should be wood ash, crushed bones, gravel, etc.
Any Pavlovian chicken, having a unique appearance, is also capable of good egg production.
Have you always been interested in Russian black bearded breed of chickens? Now you have the opportunity to learn everything about her! Further…
For Gray Kirgiz hens, there is no need to build fences and fences - they do not want to run, jump and fight somewhere. The breed is very peaceful. Chickens will walk steadily through the territory, busily feed on the food, “exchange impressions” and start laying eggs. They are not characterized by aggressiveness and fussiness.
Adult cocks usually reach an impressive weight of up to 3.5 kg. Chickens are a little inferior to them. Their weight ranges from 2.2 to 2.8 kg. In the first year, females at the age of 6 months begin their first egg laying, which can reach the number - 170 eggs per year. Eggs are large, weighing up to 60 grams. and painted light brown. The chances of hatching eggs from chickens are 90-96%. Chicken, reaching 2 months of age, can weigh about 900 grams already.
Where to buy in Russia?
By contacting the following companies, you can purchase Gray Kyrgyz Chickens.
- Company "Bird paradise»,
Address: Moscow region, Solnechnogorsk district, Novinki village, 42.
Phone: +7 (915) -049-71-13
- Farm "Bird village", Yaroslavskaya oblast,
Phones: +7 (916) 795-66-55, +7 (905) 529-11-55.
It is very similar both in appearance and in productive indicators on gray Kyrgyz chickens. California Gray a breed that is also loved and preferred by many breeders. She was withdrawn to the USA and already in 1963 came to Russia. Has the same peace-loving disposition as the Gray Kyrgyz hen. Leningrad Golden Gray the breed is also unpretentious to food and conditions.
This breed was bred in the 1970s. A distinctive feature of these chickens is autosexuality. Other "gray" representatives are the Gray Cochinquins, whose characteristic external feature is chic, fluffy "pants" on their feet.
Growing Gray Kyrgyz chickens, you can endlessly admire their habits and natural, harmonious beauty. This lesson will appeal to amateur poultry farmers who are tuned to receive quality products as a result of their activities. Gray Kirgiz hens are able to provide both tasty, juicy meat, and homemade eggs with excellent nutritional properties.
Care and attention to these birds will need them much more than expensive poultry houses with exquisite food, because this breed is unpretentious, viable, but, nevertheless, requires attention and respect for the elementary rules of maintenance.
Suitable for beginner: Yes
The breed was bred in Kyrgyzstan, but is widely known in Russia for its “portraits” - images of Ryaba Kurochka. It is the gray Kyrgyz chicken that is most often chosen as a model due to its beautiful motley colors and bright red comb (see the photo in the article).
Gray Kyrgyz chicken has a voluminous body of conical shape. The head is medium, with a small leaf-like crest and lobes of a bright red color. Legs are of medium length. Plumage loose, because of what chickens seem larger than they actually are. Coloring is striped and motley.
Kyrgyz gray according to the description of the breed belong to the meat and egg type of chickens. They begin to rush in 6 months, up to 180 eggs are laid in a year. A lot of eggs about 60 g, have a good taste. The shell is light brown.
Fertilization of eggs - about 95%, hatchability - 90%.
Adult roosters reach a weight of 3.5 kg, layers - up to 3 kg. The meat is juicy, tasty. Two-month-old chicks can gain weight 900-1000 g.
Chickens of this breed are quite viable, but in the spring they need additional heat. Therefore, you need to turn on the lamp for heating.
Feed Kyrgyz gray chickens need at least 6 times a day. In the first days they need to be given finely chopped hard-boiled eggs, low-fat cottage cheese, oatmeal, barley and millet. Add to drink a weak solution of potassium permanganate to protect chicks from infections. Sprinkle the feed with fish or bone meal.
From the third day you can add herbs: scalded with boiling water and finely chopped nettles, chopped clover, alfalfa. Grated carrots, pumpkin or beet will not be damaged.
For good growth and weight gain, it is necessary to increase the volume of food by about 15% every day.
Adults Kyrgyz gray chickens are unpretentious to the conditions of detention. In the feed for them should be more flour and protein feed. You can give boiled roots, potatoes, add greens.
To feed adult chickens need 3-4 times a day. In winter, make mash on warm broth. Be sure the presence of gravel, wood ash, for the strength of bones and a strong egg shell requires the presence of chalk, shells or crushed stones.
Kyrgyz chickens are calm, non-aggressive. Do not fly, do not require high fencing. Good hens.
Kyrgyz gray breed of chickens
The Kyrgyz gray hen under review does not have a long history, although it appeared relatively recently, little is known about it. Soviet scientists worked at the Kirghiz Institute of Animal Breeding on the advent of the feathered worker.
Their main goal was to obtain a universal type of bird - Kyrgyz gray breed of chickens, with attractive appearance and good taste of meat. In their experimental work, the breeders used representatives of New Hampshire, Leggorn and Plymouthrok.
The exact years of breeding are not known today, but all events took place during the Soviet era. Scientists were able to produce such a layer that fully meets the needs of local farmers.
Due to this, the chicken became very popular in the territory of Kyrgyzstan, and by the number of livestock by 91 years of the 20th century, surpassed all others. The Kyrgyz "hen-ryaba" was included in the standard as a representative of meat and egg orientation.
Inexperienced poultry farmers, having heard the name, may think that this is a gray chicken. But, the Kyrgyz feathered worker looks a little different. Her main external dignity is an unusual color, which she inherited from her ancestors - striped Plymouthrocks.
Each feather has an exact pattern - black and white stripes, and all of them together form a beautiful, speckled coat. But, black-and-white feathers can only be found in feathered females, while the cockerels may have red shades in the mane. Consider other external signs.
- It is important to pay attention to the structure of the body - in feathered Kirghiz it has the shape of a cone, rather voluminous, with well-developed, prominent musculature. In chickens, the rounded tummy and breast are more noticeable, the roosters are more fit, but larger and taller.
- Legs are medium in size. The leaders of the pack are clearly visible lower leg. Paws and beak are painted in a wheat-yellow shade.
- The heads of birds are of medium size, round in shape. The red scallop and earrings are slightly more developed in males than in the klush. The ear lobes are also painted red, which stand out noticeably against the background of feathers. The eyes of both sexes are large, expressive with a red-orange iris.
- In addition, consider the weight indicators. The average cock weighs in the range of 3-3.5 kg, and the hen - 2.5-2.7 kg.
Speckled hens have a calm and balanced disposition, but this does not prevent them from remaining curious to everything and quite active. The Kyrgyz gray breed of chickens very vividly reacts to people, chickens are not afraid of them and are happy to make contact.
Show the maximum caution in unfamiliar circumstances or at the sight of new people, birds and animals. But, they adapt very quickly and are not prone to long-term manifestations of stress reactions. This character is very popular with many farmers, because thanks to him many problems in breeding can be avoided.
However, it is very necessary to choose the "tenants" for sharing content with grouse - they are well perceived by no means all. Ideal - joint content from an early age.
Puberty and egg-laying
The earliest ripening in the avian world is most often artificially bred crosses and hybrids, which can start laying sometimes even at 4 months. But, the hen in question is not one of the fastest. Although its maturation rate is also quite good - it gives the first results of its activity at the age of five months.
Some birds start laying later due to delayed development. If puberty is delayed for 2-3 weeks or a month, in principle, there is nothing wrong with that, but you need to reconsider the food and conditions of detention.
The hens are quite productive and during the year of their “work” they manage to supply up to 170-180 eggs on the host's table, which are covered with a dense brown or beige shell. The average egg weight is about 60 grams, with minor deviations, depending on the season, diet, health condition and age of the hen.
Undoubtedly, for the farmer it is an advantage that the klush has a well-developed maternal instinct. This frees the breeder from the problems and concerns associated with incubating and raising the younger generation.
Farmers and breeders claim that the Kyrgyz gray breed of chickens is not very good at maternity issues. The instinct of hatching is poorly pronounced, and manifests itself only in individual women, therefore it is recommended to use an incubator for offspring.
Breeding also has a number of features. The formation of parental pairs is a responsible matter, because the quality of the offspring depends on it. To get the most productive and tenacious young, for mating, it is worth selecting the largest wedge and males, which grew rapidly, plucked in time and matured.
There is information that this variety has 2 lines - meat and egg orientation. But, the gene pools do not confirm these data, and the meat-egg type is specified in the standard. Changes in performance may indicate a degeneration of the breed, or may be the result of crossing with representatives of other species.
Breeding young offspring in an incubator is slightly different from natural incubation, but with the right approach, healthy and viable chicks can be obtained. Kyrgyz babies are born in a dark cannon, but some have a small white spot on top. More often than not, “girls” are born with white spots.
Farmers use this method to separate pups by gender, although its effectiveness is considered questionable - it is not always possible to accurately determine the sex at an early stage. The rapid growth and the same high-speed development of the plumage was loved by many poultry farmers.
In addition, young offspring from the first days has good health, and if you keep it in normal conditions, you can avoid losses.
By about two months of age, young stock gains 1 kg of weight. At this age, it is already possible to accurately determine the "boys" and "girls". Therefore, chicks are divided by gender and kept separately.
Consider a few recommendations regarding the nutrition and living conditions of chickens.
- Young animals need traditional food, according to their age. Absolutely all chicks are grown on egg-green mash, with the addition of cereals. But, this food is important for kids up to the age of weeks.
- Diet for actively growing crumbs is very important. It is recommended to feed them 6-7 times a day, nutritious and vitamin-rich foods.
- To help the youngs quickly lean, add fish oil, and other additives with nutrients. Vitamin drops give daily.
- Grown up chicks, who are no longer afraid of temperature changes, can be hooked up to an adult family - birds will not offend kids.
- The breed is quite resistant to temperature extremes, but in early “childhood” chicks can suffer from hypothermia, and it is necessary to keep warm for at least 3-4 weeks.
- For the chicks to be healthy, they need fresh air, water, cleanliness and sunlight. In addition, it is recommended to provide them with a container of calcined sand to avoid digestive problems.
What to feed adult birds?
Feeding of feathered herds worry almost all farmers. Experienced breeders with ease make up the diet, knowing the needs of their chickens.
But, in fact, to create a balanced menu is not so difficult. Consider the components of a healthy diet.
- Cereals - universal food for all seasons. Use a variety of cereal mixtures, which include wheat, barley, oats, rye, corn, and even legumes.
- Vegetable crops and root vegetables are also important for health and egg-laying. Chickens are eaten well by potatoes, carrots, beets, pumpkins, and even apples, although the latter have digestive problems.
- It is well absorbed and nourishes the grass and other greens with vitamins. If it is winter in the yard, then it is better to add it in a dry form to any mash. You can fill the need for greens with sprouted grasses.
- Animal proteins are also periodically needed. Many proteins contain meat and fish waste, worms, maggots, dairy products. The main thing is not to give the herd fresh cow's milk, from which they may experience indigestion.
- Meat-bone or fish meal, as well as chalk or shells are sources of calcium and important minerals, without which the layers cannot fully fulfill their soy purpose.
- In order for the birds to digest food well, as well as to preserve the health of the digestive system, you need to provide them with a container of gravel.
Maintenance and care
The hens are not demanding to the conditions of life, but whenever possible it is worth making them feel comfortable. It is necessary to create conditions for life based on the basic needs of the hen and its characteristics. Consider a few nuances that will help determine.
- This species is famous for its resistance to temperature extremes, and equally well tolerates both heat and cold. The only thing that can hurt her is drafts and dampness. In winter, chickens can survive in an unheated house, but on deep bedding, without drafts and with an additional layer of insulation.
- Kyrgyz do not know how to fly, but they like active walks, and you cannot close them in a cage.
- It is recommended to keep this species separate, because far from all hens can find a common language.
- Thanks to the ability to adapt to any climate, this breed can be maintained in almost all regions of Russia and the Far East.
As excellent laying heels, they serve from the first day of egg laying for 2 years, and later, as a rule, they are sent for meat. By the way, chicken meat has excellent taste, contains the optimal ratio of fat and protein. Prior to this point, replace the “aged” twigs.
Advantages and disadvantages
Among the advantages, first of all, it is necessary to note the ability of the hens to easily and without consequences adapt to changes in temperature. In addition, the Kyrgyz gray breed of chickens is unpretentious and good for obtaining eggs and meat, have a docile nature.
Among the shortcomings, the most significant ones are the absence of a hatching instinct, as well as average productivity indicators, which is why the variety did not become mega popular.
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Advantages and disadvantages
The breed is meat-egg, and it does not apply more to one or another type, the ratio is 50 to 50.
- unpretentiousness in care and maintenance,
- fast adaptation to different climates and temperature extremes
- strong immunity that protects against many diseases,
- high productivity, which does not change with age and is about 170 eggs per year,
- eggs are large, light brown, about 60 g in weight.,
- good taste of meat.
Despite the many advantages, Kyrgyz gray chickens also have several drawbacks:
- lack of survival instinct - chickens rarely incubate chickens,
- low precocity - puberty usually begins at 6-8 months.
Arrangement of the chicken coop and walking yard
When setting up a chicken coop are taken into account:
- Location. It should be well lit, but not fall under direct scorching sunlight.
- Draft protection. Otherwise, chickens can catch a cold.
- The height of the house. Must be no more than 1.8 m, so that in winter it warms up well.
- Inner space. One bird needs about half a square meter area of a chicken coop.
- Maintaining the temperature from +13 to +22 ° С. In order to maintain it even in the cold season, thick walls are built, and a litter of hay, sawdust and sand 10 cm thick is laid on the floor.
- Lighting. The light should come in 19 hours a day, therefore, it is necessary to have a window, as well as the use of lamps during periods of short daylight hours.
Lighting is very important for egg laying chickens. Often the reason for reducing egg production is precisely the lack of light.
Near the chicken coop should equip the courtyard for walking.
It must meet the following requirements:
- Square. Calculated depending on the number of birds: 1 chicken - 1 square. m
- Free access from the coop throughout the day. For this you need a manhole with a width of at least 50 cm and a height of about 70 cm connecting the chicken coop and walking.
- Fence fence. To prevent the chickens from escaping and outside animals do not enter the territory of the walking area.
- In the place for walking there should not be stagnation of water during rains, and also drafts.
- Here, as well as in the chicken coop, set the feeders, drinkers and ash baths.
How to build a chicken coop that will meet all standards - read here.
The following rules and regulations are taken into account:
- feeders for Kyrgyz gray chickens are best to choose with turntables, as they will not allow the birds to climb inside and scatter the food,
- the size of the feeders depends on the number of birds (so that all birds can eat at the same time and not fight for food),
- for drinkers suitable capacity is not more than 5 liters,
- in order to prevent the bowl of water from tipping over, a stone is put in the middle,
- water should be regularly changed and topped up if it runs out,
- adult chickens eat 4 times a day,
- in the diet they need the presence of protein and grain feed,
- it is useful to them potatoes, herbs and roots,
- during cold periods, dry food is mixed with warm broth,
- for the strength of the eggshell, chalk or bone meal is added to the food.
More information about a full-fledged diet for laying hens can be found here.
For the successful breeding of chickens should be responsible approach to the selection of eggs:
- for laying take clean oval eggs without cracks, they can not be washed,
- they should be stored no more than 10 days in a cool room with a blunt end up,
- the selected eggs are rotated around the vertical axis twice a day.
If you have an ovoskop device, you can easily determine which material is suitable for breeding:
- the chamber in such eggs is at the base,
- the yolk is bright, located in the center,
- protein is clear.
Experts recommend breeding in an incubator in the spring or early summer so that the chicks immediately get into warm and comfortable conditions, as well as be able to get fresh greens in food.
The sequence of incubating dilution:
- Rinse the incubator well with hot water and dry thoroughly.
- Put it on a flat solid surface in a room without drafts and set the humidity to 60% and the temperature to 37.5 degrees.
- Turn on the incubator a day before laying eggs.
- After this time, place the eggs in it vertically, with a sharp end up. Read more about laying eggs in the incubator written here.
- Twice a day, change the position of the eggs: alternately tilting each 45 degrees to the left and right.
On the last day before the appearance of the chicks, they should be directed downwards with a blunt end.
This breed rarely breeds chickens without an incubator, but they still happen.
If you suspect that a chicken wants to hatch eggs, they put an egg on it for a couple of days. If she does not rise from her seat and often cackles, it means that she is ready to nurse the chicks. Then you can change the hatching eggs for hatching.
During incubation, you should follow certain rules:
- Do not disturb the hen.
- It is necessary to equip the nest, next to which there is access to water and food.
- Ensure that the chicken ate in time, saw and went into the yard for walking.
- During the walk, eggs are covered so that they do not freeze. This time is also used to check eggs and nests: they remove cracked ones, clean the hatching place, check for the presence of parasites.
- When the chicks appear, be sure to ensure that the hen does not throw the nest. Chickens are left next to the hen for several hours.
Chicks almost always hatch healthy and strong, their survival rate is 97%.
Feed the chicks should be 6 times a day, guided by such rules:
- In the first few days after birth, you should give chopped eggs, hard boiled, low-fat cottage cheese, oatmeal, millet and barley.
- After three days, you can begin to add to the diet grass: nettle, steamed with boiling water and finely chopped, as well as alfalfa and clover.
- Include vegetables: beets or carrots. This will support the chickens immunity, as well as contribute to rapid healthy growth and development.
- In order for the chickens to gradually gain weight, they increase the amount of food by 15% daily.
- When feeding with feed, sprinkle the meal with fish meal to form a good skeleton.
- In the water for chicks add a weak solution of potassium permanganate to protect against infections.
Late brood chickens, in the cold season, you need additional heating in the chicken coop with the help of special lamps. The temperature is maintained at + 26 ° C.
Care for chickens that are several weeks old is the same as for adults.
Kyrgyz gray chickens are not difficult to breed, and care for them is very simple and does not make any difficulties. In addition, birds have strong immunity and rarely get sick, which undoubtedly is a huge plus. Observing the most simple rules of maintenance, you will get high productivity: good egg production and high-quality tasty meat.
A bit of history
Gray Kyrgyz chickens are domestic wealth in farming, because they were bred in the Soviet Union. It cannot be said that they have a rich and long history of origin, since this breed of chickens appeared not very long ago.
Breeding works on chickens were conducted on the territory of the former Kirghiz SSR at the Kyrgyz Institute of Livestock. The breeders of that time set a goal: to bring out the practically universal chicken of meat and egg type, which will grow quickly, well be carried, gain weight and, moreover, will be unpretentious to the conditions of detention. It should be said that breeders succeeded. The Kyrgyz gray was obtained by crossing several meat and egg breeds - striped and white Plymouth, New Hampshire and White Leghorn. The selection work did not end there, but it was already carried out only inside the breed: its meat and egg qualities improved, the egg mass increased, the safety of representatives became more reliable, and reproduction became faster.
Today, the livestock of this breed is slightly less than 250 thousand individuals. These are the data of the agricultural census, conducted in the early 90s. Moreover, the largest number of chickens was raised in Kyrgyzstan. In Russia, they are mostly known from children's fairy tales, and they are quite rare.
Characteristics and features
Thoroughbred representatives differ in characteristics inherent only in this breed, and by which they can be distinguished from other breeds of poultry.
The appearance of the gray Kyrgyz is characterized by the following features:
- head is medium sized, rounded,
- eyes - large, expressive, reddish-orange color,
- crest - small or small, in the form of a leaf, bright, reddish-scarlet,
- earlobes - bright red, scarlet,
- torso - conical, medium-sized, appears voluminous,
- the abdomen is voluminous and well developed,
- feet - medium,
- the plumage is rather loose, moderate, not thick, because of which the apparent volume of the bird is created, and it seems larger than it actually is.
Weight in chickens of this breed is moderate: in chickens - from 2.5 kg to 2.7 kg, and in roosters - from 3 kg to 3.5 kg. Moreover, they are growing and gaining a living mass rather quickly - by the end of the second month of life, young animals already weigh about 1 kg.The color of the Kyrgyz gray chickens is catchy and beautiful: they are speckled, bright, striped. White and black stripes alternate on each feather, creating a common colorful look of plumage.
In females in color there are only 2 colors - black and white. But here roosters in the neck and neck can be found reddish and golden feathers.
Chickens are born in a black cannon, white spots on the tummy and breast are possible. But what is remarkable about them is that they are autosex. This means that the day-old cubs have a white spot on their heads, according to which they determine the sex of the baby - the chickens have it, but the cockerels do not. This method turns out to be true in more than 60% of cases.
By temperament, the breed of Kyrgyz gray chickens is very calm. These birds are leisurely in activity, although their movements are moderately active. They are curious about everything new, but they don’t show a desire to leave the hen house. Peace-loving and not aggressive, do not enter into fights between themselves and are well received next to the birds of other breeds. Not fussy and not conflicted.
These chickens are friendly to people, easy to go to contact, they are not afraid of a person.
In the new environment, they behave cautiously, so they do not show a desire to leave their usual place, they are more comfortable in familiar surroundings. We can not be afraid that the birds will flee.
Such a calm and peaceful disposition makes the Kyrgyz hens one of the most beloved in farming circles.
Puberty and annual egg production
Kyrgyz gray can not be attributed to the early maturing chickens. Their average puberty comes on the 6th month of life, although occasionally it occurs much later - only on the 8th month.
In the first year, egg production is usually 170 eggs. In the future, the clubs carry eggs, usually in the same quantity, which sometimes can vary from 150 to 180 pieces of egg production per year.
The eggs of the Kyrgyz gray are rather large - their weight often reaches 60 g. The color of the shell is light brown.
The fertility of eggs is very high - from 90 to 96%, and hatchability - from 85 to 95%. Offspring are usually born healthy, viable and strong. Therefore, the safety of chicks is also high - about 97%. Thus, we can talk about the good reproductive qualities of the Kyrgyz gray breed of chickens.
Conditions of detention
The Kyrgyz gray is distinguished from other breeds of poultry by exceptional unpretentiousness in its content. These chickens are hardy, they are able to withstand sudden changes in temperature and their upper and lower bounds.
They easily endure both cold, harsh winters, and hot summer heat.
Kyrgyz breed is quite unpretentious to the conditions of detention. However, if these hens are provided with adequate comfort conditions, they will regularly and in large volumes give egg products and gain weight well.
- The coop is built in a well-lit place. There must be access to diffused sunlight, but without scorching direct rays.
- Do not put the chicken coop in places that are heavily purged, where there are drafts, or that are flooded during the rains. Although Kyrgyz people tolerate low temperatures well, they don’t like drafts, so it’s better to protect them from blowing.
- The height of the house should not exceed 180 cm. Such a height is due to the fact that it is difficult to warm a larger room in the winter period.
- The area of the floor is calculated from the fact that 5 chickens require at least 1 square meter. m space.
- To the house for chickens must necessarily adjoin a walking yard, into which birds will have free access.
- The shed should be strong and insulated for the winter. It is not necessary to warm it up with heating if the winters in your region are not dry, as Kyrgyz feel well and with moderate coolness. It will be enough just thick walls and a large layer of warm bedding (at least 10 cm) of sawdust and hay mixed with sand on the floor.
- The ideal temperature in a chicken coop is considered to be a temperature ranging from 11 ° C to 22 ° C. It is desirable that this temperature was maintained year-round.
- Lighting is important for egg production. It will be more if the hen daylight lasts about 19 hours. To do this, the chicken coop must be equipped with tube lighting.
- Well, if the barn will be a couple of windows. They will provide daytime lighting and periodic airing.
- Extras are needed as the windows cannot be constantly open, and moisture and dampness can accumulate in the room. The hood will help avoid this problem at any time of the year.
- Be sure to have a manhole for the exit of chickens in the walking yard. Usually, the manhole is constantly open throughout the day, which gives the birds the opportunity to go out at any time. The width of the opening must be at least half a meter, and the height may be even greater.
- Perches - the first necessity for chickens. On them, the birds sit, sleep and just spend time. The number of perches should be determined, leaving the number of livestock and the fact that there is about 20 cm of free space per bird. The lowest perch should be located not less than half a meter from the floor. The rest can be located above the speed or be around the perimeter of the room. The main thing is that one perch is not under the other, otherwise chickens will soil each other.
- No less important attribute of any chicken house - nests.Chickens prefer to lay eggs in quiet, dark and secluded places. It is important that the nest is comfortable for the club, otherwise it can be carried in any corner of the hen house that she likes. To avoid this inconvenience, the nests should be arranged in special boxes with such parameters: height - not less than 40 cm, width - not less than 60 cm. The bottom of the nest should be lined with a small layer of straw, hay or sawdust. The number of nests is calculated on the basis of the fact that 1 nest is required for 5 Klush.
- Additional equipment of the chicken coop - feeders, drinkers and ash baths (wooden boxes filled with a mixture of sand, clay and furnace ash).
- Cleaning in the house should be carried out regularly in order to avoid damage by parasites and pests. All feeders and drinkers should be clean, they are regularly washed and disinfected. The floor is kept dry and clean, droppings, leftover food and dirt are removed, litter is replaced with a new one as it gets dirty.
Walking yard - a prerequisite for keeping poultry. In it chickens walk, lead an active lifestyle.
- Access to the courtyard should be free.
- It is better to choose a place that is not flooded during rains and thaws, is not blown by drafts.
- The size of the courtyard should be based on the fact that one square hen is needed per hen. m of free space.
- The fence of the courtyard for the Kyrgyz breed may be low, as these chickens do not fly, do not jump high, and do not show a desire to leave a familiar place.
- A place for walking, as well as a poultry house, must necessarily be equipped with feeders, drinkers and ash baths.
Feeders and drinkers
Feeders are usually long and narrow crates where food is poured. Their length should go beyond the fact that one bird requires at least 15 cm of space.
It is best suited for chickens feeders, in which there are special turntables. These devices do not allow birds to climb inside the feeder and rake, scattering, feed.Birds should be placed freely near the feeders, without crowding. A large number of these devices will allow the entire herd to get food at the same time, which will help avoid the occurrence of fights.
Drinking bowls are also obligatory in the poultry house and adjacent courtyard. For them, usually take a capacity of not more than 5 liters in volume. If the trough is made of a pelvis or bowl, a large stone or cobblestone can be installed in the center - this will prevent the birds from accidentally getting inside the trough and will not allow chickens to turn over the container.
The water in the drinker changes regularly and should be freely available. It is necessary to monitor the purity and freshness of the water, change it daily and add water as needed, which is especially important on hot summer days.
How to endure cold and heat
The Kyrgyz gray breed of hens equally well tolerates both heat and cold. They are resistant to sudden and severe temperature changes, rarely catch cold. Feel good in the highlands. They can be bred even in the harsh climatic zones of Russia.
The process of molting in Kyrgyz begins in the fall and lasts about 2–3 months. At this time, the chickens are actively losing feathers, peeling off and becoming aesthetically unattractive. However, do not despair - after the end of the molt their feather cover will be restored, and they will find their former attractiveness.
During this period, the birds need to be well fed, enriching their diet with nutritious food. They also need to be protected from drafts and hypothermia, so that the clubs will not catch cold.
What to feed an adult flock
The diet of adult Kyrgyz grays should be balanced and nutritious. It must include:
- Cereals - wheat and oats, barley and rye, corn and legumes. Grain mixtures can be used. Such food is appropriate at any time of the year.
- Grass and greens - compensates for the lack of vitamins. In winter, you can give germinated cereals or add dry herbs in the mash.
- Periodically, you can feed the animal protein. It can be fish and meat wastes, maggots, worms and dairy products, cakes and oil cakes.
- To replenish calcium, birds are given bone or fish meal, chalk, and small shells.
- Gravel, crushed eggshell and crushed bones are necessary for the digestive tract to work well and the products are well digested. Still such additives fill a lack of mineral substances.
An adult flock is fed 3-4 times per day. And the first feeding should be in the morning as early as possible, and the last - as late as possible before bedtime. The second and third feeding is carried out at approximately regular intervals.
Since the incubation instinct of the Kirghiz is poorly developed, an incubator may be needed. If the hen incubates the offspring itself, it needs to provide warmth, comfort and peace. You need a shaded nest in a quiet place with direct access to food and water.
The incubation instinct in chickens is most pronounced in the spring - this is the time when the hen is planted to hatch eggs. The Klusha, which is ready to hatch chicks, preliminarily begins to linger in the nest for a long time, does not wish to leave it, it constantly clucks.
In order to understand whether the instinct of hatching will be strong enough, the chicken is first checked - a fake egg is laid in the nest for a couple of days. If the klusha has not left the nest these days, then it can be expected that she nests. Then under the hen they put already real, hatching eggs. But if the incubation instinct is weak and fades away, then the hen will quickly leave the nest and stop quagging.
In the event that the hen begins to hatch chickens, you should:
- Do not disturb the chicken in the early days so that it does not give up its occupation.
- Control the mode of the bird so that it leaves the nest for drinking, eating, walking.
- When the hen is gone, the eggs are covered to conserve heat. The walk should not last more than a quarter of an hour.
- While the wedge walks, you can inspect the eggs, remove the crushed, clean the litter.
- Over the entire period of incubation several times you need to check the nest for the presence of parasites.
- Newborn chickens appear approximately on the 20th day after the start of incubation. It is important to ensure that the hen does not leave the nest after the first cubs have appeared.
- The first chicks are left next to the hen for a couple of hours to dry and warm. Later they are taken into a separate box until the whole brood hatch.
Care for the young
Chicks of the Kyrgyz gray breed are born healthy and strong. They are viable and have a high survival rate. Chicks need additional heating only in the first few weeks after hatching - the temperature should be around 26 ° C. In the future, they may be in the usual temperature for adult chickens.
Chickens can live in a common henhouse, as adults do not offend them. They grow fast and grow stronger. Like all birds, chickens need cleanliness, comfort, access to sunlight and fresh air, walks outside in the warm season, a balanced diet, clean drinking water.
Feeding chickens of Kyrgyz gray breed should be carried out at least 6 times a day.
The diet of young stock is not very different from the diet of an adult herd, but in the first months there are some peculiarities:
- From the first day of life, the cubs should be given chopped hard boiled eggs, porridge, low-fat cottage cheese, millet and barley.
- Starting from the third day, grass and vegetables are included in the diet - finely chopped and scalded alfalfa, nettles, clover, boiled carrots, pumpkin, beetroot rubbed on a small grater.
- Until the end of the first week of life, babies are given mash of eggs, greens and cereals.
- Subsequently, bone meal or fish meal is added to the feed.
- In drinking water for chickens decided to add a weak solution of potassium permanganate. This tool will help protect young animals from many infectious diseases.
The breed's tendency to disease
Kyrgyz grays have good health. They practically do not get sick, have good immunity. There are no specific diseases to which this breed is prone. Occasionally, infectious and parasitic diseases common to all chickens are possible, which most often occur due to non-observance of the basic rules for bird care, pollution of their habitats, and also if the chicken coop is not disinfected.