Helipterum or acroclinum, Rodanthe - these are small pink suns that delight in the flower bed throughout the summer, and in dry bouquets they will prolong the summer atmosphere. Inflorescence baskets modest, but colorful. Pointed petals are layered (like tiles), perfectly symmetrical, they have a pearl shine and bright colors, tough and dry to the touch.
Universal appearance, allowing you to create original compositions both on the site and in bouquets, together with the unpretentiousness in the cultivation and care, make Helipterum popular among amateur flower growers, landscape designers and florists.
Helipterum (Helipterum) is a herbaceous plant of the family Compositae (Aster). Flowering stems are thin, long (50-60 cm), elegantly ascending, due to pubescence appear whitish. Most of the leaf plates are assembled in the basal rosette, they are sessile, oblong in shape, only 3-4 cm long, the stem leaves are even smaller, arranged oppositely. The color of the leaves is deep green, woolly pubescence gives a gray shade.
The color scheme of the colors of the petals includes white, yellow, pink, cherry shades. The tones are soft, the silvery radiance echoes the bluish tinge of the stems and leaves, making the plant seem radiant.
Why such a strange name
Translated from the Greek, the name of the plant literally means the sun and the wing. This is undoubtedly due to the appearance of the inflorescences: the yellow core is surrounded by petals that resemble the feathers (wings) of a bird.
Also, the plant is called acroclinium (Acroclinium).
Helipterum hails from the tropics of Africa and Australia. In Europe, he came about 2 centuries ago. Despite its thermophilicity, it is beautifully grown as a letnik even in Siberia.
When and how to plant acroclinum seeds on seedlings at home
Helipterum seed seedling photos
Sowing on seedlings carried out in mid-April. You will need a wide tank with a nutrient loose substrate. Moisten the soil, spread the seeds over the surface only slightly pressing it, cover it with transparent glass or film on top. Maintain heat (temperature range within 20-23 ° C), provide diffused lighting. It is important to ventilate daily, eliminating condensation, so that the landings do not stick. Periodically moisten the soil surface by spraying from a fine spray. Under these conditions, seedlings will appear in 10-14 days. Shelter should be removed, continue to moderate moisture. At the stage of the appearance of two true leaves, spread out in separate containers, try to keep the earthen room as much as possible.
Sowing seeds in the ground
Helipterum seeds roseum photo
Sowing seeds of hellipterum in open ground is carried out in early May. Sow immediately to the place of permanent cultivation. Make shallow grooves, water, distribute the seeds, cover the top with a layer of soil no more than 1 cm thick. Cover the crops with paper or non-woven material.
Expect germination in about 7 days. Thin out as you grow: carefully spill the soil, carefully dig up extra seedlings to protect the root system from injury, the plant can be transplanted or simply removed from the site.
Land for the cultivation of hellipterum
According to the requirements for the cultivation of helimpterum is a typical pilot.
He is not just light-requiring, bright sunshine is vital for him. When grown in open sunny areas, the plant will please with abundant and prolonged flowering, while diseases and pests are not terrible for him.
Excessive nutritional value of the soil contributes to the growth of green mass, which adversely affects flowering. Alkaline primers are strictly contraindicated. Slightly fertile or even depleted soil, loose, neutral or slightly acidic by the reaction is ideal. Instead of planting in the nutrient soil, it is better to prefer the application of supplements during the growing season.
How to plant Helipterum in the ground
How to plant Helipterum seedlings in the ground photo
Acroclinum seedlings are transplanted into the open ground with the establishment of real heat (approximately from the second half of May). Make the holes on the size of the root system, roll over with the earthy ball, crush the soil around the plant with your palms, the root neck should be flush with the ground surface, water it. To stimulate growth should pinch the main shoot.
Between individual plants keep a distance of about 20 cm.
Soil loosening and milling
This can be called mandatory care measures, since it is important to ensure the access of oxygen to the root system. Soil mulching will greatly ease the situation. Use any available materials: peat, compost, straw, hay, bark, sawdust. The mulch layer is preferably laid some time after planting.
In the absence of mulch, conduct periodic loosening, do not allow the appearance of a crust on the soil surface. Strongly do not need to go deep, so as not to damage the roots. Manually remove weeds.
How to feed
Categorically you can not use organic matter as a feed for acroclinum. At the beginning of growth, feed nitrogen fertilizers, in the period of the appearance of buds, apply complex mineral fertilizer for flowering plants. If you want to grow large inflorescences for pruning, complex mineral fertilizers should be applied 1-2 times a month with irrigation water.
Diseases and pests of acroclinum
When grown in a suitable area, moderate watering, diseases and pests, the plant is not exposed.
Overmoistening of the soil may cause fungal diseases - the result is rotting and death of the plant.
Among the pests should be noted nematodes and caterpillars of moths.
At defeat by nematodes growth rates of a helimpterum are slowed down, it is possible to find black points on leaves. In order to prevent a number of planted marigolds, garlic. Infusion of these plants is used to treat hellipterum, if the pests still appeared.
Against the caterpillars (they gnaw down the leaves) apply treatment with a special insecticide.
Helipterum in landscape design
Helipterum in landscape design photo
Acroclinum is perfect for container growing, nicely looking inflorescences look spectacular in stone flower houses and large flowerpots in the company of plants with flexible hanging shoots.
The winning option is landing in mixborders, borders, rockeries. It is not necessary to plant the helimpterum in large flowerbeds, since they can be “lost” among the abundance and charm of neighboring plants. Line landing (in mixborders, flower beds, ribbons, for framing garden paths, along fences and structures on the south side) will reveal the individuality of the plant, fill the space with radiance.
Partners for humble Helipterum should be selected with caution. These can be: undersized violets, spiky balls of allium, hearts of inflorescences, diccenters, primroses with its expressive leaves, and hosts.
Helipterum in floristics
Helipterum in floristic photo of dried flower composition
Helipterum most clearly manifests itself in the creation of bouquets. Interesting combination with large flowers of irises, poppies, daylilies, peonies. The contrast between yellow and blue is beautiful: a yellow helimpterum paired with cornflowers, bluebells or violet aconite.
Even after drying, the inflorescences retain shade, differ in durability. Leaflets also seem surprisingly "alive", delight the eye with a silver shine.
Partners in the dry bouquets will be: statice, craspedia, xerantum, celosia, physalis, mordovnik.
They are also used to create paintings, murals, and other decorative compositions.
Cutting and drying acroclinum inflorescences
To get dry inflorescences of hellipterum, which will be bright and durable, you need to do everything right. Cutting is carried out a couple of days after opening the buds. You can cut the whole twigs. Collect them in bundles, hang the "legs" up. Dry in a dry shade that is well ventilated.
Helipterum pink Helipterum roseum syn. Rhodanthe chlorocephala
Helipterum pink Helipterum roseum syn. Rhodanthe chlorocephala photo
Plant height is about half a meter. Stems are upright, thin, but stable. Radical rosette consists of large dark green leaves with a grayish bloom. The bright yellow heart is framed by 5-6 rows of pink “petals”. There is a large-flowered and woody form.
The best varieties of the species:
Helipterum white variety Helipterum roseum ‘Pierrot’ photo
Red Boni - the heart has a brownish tint, the petals are red-pink,
Album - snow-white petals surround the sunny yellow core,
Round dance - the heart is almost black, the colors of the petals are varied,
Goliath - large inflorescences (up to 6 cm in diameter) with petals of a dark pink, cherry, coral shade.
Helipterum Humboldt Helipterum humboldtiana
Helipterum Humboldt Helipterum humboldtiana flower photo
The height of the plant is about 40 cm. The diameter of the inflorescences is 3 cm, but they are numerous, gather in shields. It seems that the flowers tangled in the thickness of the leaves.
Baby San is a popular variety. The color range is yellow, the diameter of the inflorescences is about 6 cm.
Mengles Helipterum Helipterum manglesii
Helipterum Mengles Helipterum manglesii photo
Compact plants 30-35 cm tall. Peduncles thin, branchy. The basket diameter is about 3 cm, the color range from pale pink to a shade of ripe cherries.
There are two forms:
Atrosanguinea - larger corollas with a burgundy shade of petals,
Maculata - pink petals are covered with spots of a darker shade.
In floriculture most often used the following types.
Helipterum Rodanthe - an annual herbaceous plant, can reach a height of 60 cm. The stem is strongly branched, the leaves have a bluish color. The flowering period begins in June - July and lasts 30-40 days.
Humboldt Helipterum also a grassy annual, with bright yellow flowers, blooms for 30-40 days. In height about 30-40 cm, the stem is thin, heavily branched.
Helipterum pink has few branching stems, height does not exceed 50 cm.
The leaves are small, form a rosette. Blooms large baskets 4-6 cm in diameter. Flowering long - until the frost.
In order to grow this culture, nothing special is needed. This is a typical year-old, who does not present to the growth conditions of impossible tasks. In addition, this culture refers to the dried flowers and from it you can make bouquets that will delight in winter.
For plants should choose open areas with an abundance of sunlight. In this case, it will thank for abundant flowering and resistance to pests and diseases.
Soils are suitable with medium nutrient content, everything should be it is balanced, since an excess of organic fertilizers will not bring anything good, and an exhaustive search of mineral fertilizers will lead to violent growth of greens to the detriment of flowering. The soil should be loose, well treated, moisture permeable. That's all you need for a beautiful flowering. The only thing that can greatly harm the hellipterum is the high lime content, it simply does not tolerate it, so the soils should be neutral or at least slightly acidic.
Helipterum is the one who does not burden with the additional burden of care. About him you can remember only occasionally, when you want to remove weeds. If, however, to carry out soil mulching, even weeding and loosening can be excluded.
It is necessary to feed the plants only if the helimpterum is grown for cutting. Additional nutrition makes it possible to get more quality flowers. If the task is only to decorate a flower garden, then there is no need to feed.
Helipterum is highly valued for its drought tolerance. Of course, in severely dry periods it is worth replenishing water reserves, because if this is not done, the flowers will become quite small and lose their beauty.
Propagate this unpretentious flower seeds. They can be sown in open ground, but a more reliable way - getting seedlings. In this case, the seeds are sown in April, shoots appear quickly and together.
In open ground, sowing is done in May, shoots appear after about one week. After that, they must be thinned out, and for rapid growth it should be watered well at first.
Varieties and types
The choice of variety for planting depends largely on the purpose for which it is planned to grow a flower. For cutting, drying or heavy flowering, you can choose the varieties of hellipterum that are best suited for this function:
- Pink (acroclinum). In height can reach up to 50 cm, forming a small number of stems, on which large bright flowers bloom. Individual hybrids have a black center, looking on a flower bed is very unusual.
- Mengles (Rodanthe). Depending on the variety, it grows from 20 to 60 cm. The stems actively branch, due to which thick blue foliage is formed, covering the ground with a solid carpet. This variety is considered the most suitable for drying and use in winter bouquets. To do this, cut the very first buds until their full disclosure. If they are dried in a room with low humidity, the flowers retain their original color and do not crumble for a long time.
- Humboldt The variety is characterized by small foliage and small flower heads, which is compensated by their abundance, duration of flowering and ease of maintenance. The stems form many lateral shoots, so the bush can grow in diameter up to 25-30 cm.
- Yellow stars. One of the most unusual varieties of hellipterum, which is completely covered with small buds. Bright yellow color makes the bush look like a yarrow, while the color does not become less saturated even in the brightest sun at the end of flowering. Prolonged preservation of decorative cut makes it the best grade for use in flower arrangements.
- Goliath. It is a mixture of bushes with strong stems and large buds 6-7 cm in diameter. Petals from soft pink to violet and lilac tones are surrounded by yellow baskets, which sometimes have dark chaotic spots in the middle.
Reproduction of helimpterum occurs by the seminal method. Apply two methods: seedling and sowing in open ground on a permanent place. When choosing planting material, it is necessary to pay attention to the time of packing of the seeds, because after two years from the moment of harvest, they lose their germination.
Before planting, seeds are etched with a weak solution of the fungicide. To do this, suitable potassium permanganate or foundationol. Such a measure will save the seedlings from fungal diseases.
Sowing in open ground
When sown in open ground, fewer seeds emerge, but seedlings that appear are usually healthier and bloom at the same time as seedlings.
In open ground, the seeds of this flower are sown no earlier than May. Immediately after sowing to a depth of 2-3 cm, they need to be watered well. In about a week, in warm weather, seedlings should appear.
Caring for them is in thinning sprouts. It is important to remove all weak seedlings, leaving the strongest at a distance of about 20 cm from each other. This will allow them to grow rapidly, building up an extensive root system. Despite the fact that the plant is considered drought-resistant, the first month it needs good moisture.
Sowing on seedlings begin in April. To do this, use a universal soil mixture. Greenhouse conditions do not need to create, just put the tank in a warm place with bright light. After about two weeks, the first shoots will appear, which will immediately begin to grow rapidly.
Caring for them is me in a timely watering. After the sprouts grow by two true leaves, they dive into separate peat pots or disposable cups with soil. This stimulates the heliopterum root system to active development.
Once the ground on the street warms up to 12-14 ° C, you can proceed to preplant hardening seedlings. In the southern regions this occurs in the beginning-middle of May, and in the more northern - in late May. To do this, the seedlings are carried out for a few hours a day, gradually increasing its stay in the open air. It is advisable during quenching not to put the cups under the open sun. It is best to do this in the morning or evening hours. In two weeks, young plants get used to new conditions and are ready to transplant to a permanent place.
Landing on a permanent place
Before planting seedlings, you need to know that the success of growing helimpterum depends on the choice of the place where it will grow throughout the season. Successful choice facilitates care, while the wrong place can cause the oppression of the bushes and the formation of a small number of flowers.
Main parameters to pay attention to:
- Location Место должно быть обязательно хорошо освещено. Рассеянный, пусть даже очень яркий свет, не подходит. Для нормального продолжительного цветения цветку нужно обилие прямых солнечных лучей, поэтому грядки должны быть открыты для солнца большую часть дня.
- The soil.The rich in organic soil does not suit this flower, because an excess of organic matter causes the rapid development of green mass to the detriment of the formation of buds. For this reason, preplant preparation of beds eliminates the introduction of organic matter in any form. Best suited poor sandy soil with high permeability. In order to increase the looseness, coarse river sand can be added to the soil before planting. Helipterum also does not respond well to calcareous soil. To neutralize or slightly acidify the alkaline soil, sulfur or iron sulfate is added to it at the rate of 1 kg per 9m 2. After adding the garden bed, it must be dug up and moistened with plenty of water.
Compliance with these rules will facilitate care during cultivation.
Culture is very thermophilic, so at high temperatures it will not suffer from heat. She may need special attention only during the first time after disembarkation in the event that night frosts are foreseen. So that the tender foliage of young bushes does not freeze, the beds are covered with spandond or lutrasil, which is removed in the morning.
Helipterum is sensitive to directional flows of cold air, so there should be no drafts on the site.
For normal development and bright flowering bushes must be fertilized. A couple of weeks after disembarking, a mineral fertilizer is used for deciduous crops, which is rich in nitrogen. This will give the opportunity for a short time to form a lot of shoots and green mass.
Two weeks after this planting should be fertilized with a half-dose complex for flowering plants. From the moment of the appearance of the first buds, care should include the periodic use of fertilizers with mineral fertilizers with a high content of phosphorus and potassium, which initiate prolonged flowering, the formation of a large number of inflorescences and their bright color. Feed frequency is once every two weeks.
The application of organic fertilizers affects the helimpterum destructively and can lead to the death of the plant.
One of the main characteristics of this crop is drought resistance, but this does not mean that with a deficit of moisture, planting will feel good. For a high decoration during the care need periodic watering. In the absence of precipitation during the summer drought, artificial irrigation will be needed every 7-10 days. It is desirable to use for this water, which corresponds to the ambient temperature.
It should be noted that excessive watering and stagnation of water in the zone of the root system can lead to the appearance of fungal diseases or plant rot, therefore moisture should be moderate.
When growing helimpterum, it is necessary to periodically loosen the soil at the base of the rosettes. This leads to improved gas exchange in the root zone and prevents the development of diseases of the root system, which is sensitive to the presence of a crust on the ground. Loosening is necessary after each watering, as soon as the top layer dries out a little.
During weeding, you need to remove weeds, which not only spoil the decorative planting, but also inhibit the development of flower bushes. The minimum amount of weed for the vegetative season is three times.
To reduce the need for loosening the beds to a minimum during cultivation, it is advised to use mulching. You can grind the beds immediately after planting the bushes to a permanent place. The best option for this would be materials such as peat, straw, dry grass, sawdust or bark of coniferous plants. This will allow the soil not to become dry so quickly and to crumple after watering, as well as create a protective layer that will prevent the germination of weeds.
During the care of this culture, the key role is given to the removal of wilted flowers from the bush. If you leave them on the shoots, the intensity of flowering will quickly decline, and the emergence of new buds will soon cease completely, because all the forces will be given to the formation and maturation of full-fledged seeds. To prevent this from happening, pruning of old buds should be carried out at least once a week, and better - every 3-4 days.
It is advisable to leave faded inflorescences only if you plan to collect seeds from them for planting next year. To do this, the first flowers will bloom in June-July, which should be allowed to dry completely on the bushes, then cut them and collect the central setae.
Types of Helipterums
In the genus of this remarkable year, more than 90 species of both annual and perennial plants are combined. In regions where winters cannot boast with the softness of a helimpterum, they are grown only as an annual. All hellipterums are Australian plants that have spread from the green continent throughout the world.
Both renowned and rarer types of annual Helipterum are popular with us:
- Legendary already dried flowers Helipterum pink (Helipterum roseum) - Letnik with a short flowering period of about half a meter in height with dryish, strong and straight shoots towering above a rosette of grayish small leaves, its basket flowers consist of a bright yellow center of tubular flowers and 5-6 rows of a wrapper of membranous "petals" ( also its separate decorative forms - woody and large-flowered),
- Humboldt Helipterum (Helipterum humboldtiana), whose inflorescences are so numerous that the modest size of up to 3 cm is almost imperceptible, small, neat mini-baskets of pink and fawn color bloom one by one or in shields on very thin pedicels, as if entangled in a thick mass of small lanceolate leaves throughout summer and early autumn
- No less original Mengles Helipterum (Helipterum manglesii), reaching a height of only 30-35 cm and featuring thin, branched peduncles, bluish-gray and modest three-centimeter baskets, most often painted in pink and carmine tones, it seems to be a weightless and quivering plant,
- Helipterum schitkotsvetkovy ( Helipterum corymbiflorum ), similar to Mengles subspecies, but with looser buds.
Growing conditions required for Helipterum
Helipterum, according to its requirements for lighting and soil, is lying around with a typical pilot. It is very easy to grow it, and no special conditions need to be created for this plant.
First of all, care should be taken to ensure that the location is as sunny as possible. This is not a light, but a sun-drenched year-old, who will delight in abundant flowering and disease resistance only in open warm areas that are lit up most of the day.
Yes, and the soil for the gelipterum is not hard to choose. He does not need to pick up soil with a high nutritional value: he does not like excess organic matter, he leaves foliage on the “overfed” soil, but the flowering is very poor. Moreover, fresh organic matter for this fly is ruinous. Poor or slightly fertile, high-quality, cultivated, loose soil is all that is needed for the helimpterum for abundant flowering throughout the summer.
Even if the helimpterum is grown for cutting, it is better for the nutrient soil to prefer to add feedings to the care program. The only difficulty in choosing a soil is controlling its alkalinity. Helipterum will not be able to grow in a soil with a high content of lime; only neutral or slightly acid mixtures will be suitable for it.
Helipterum is one of those letniki, the cultivation of which will not be an additional burden for your garden work schedule. Helipterum practically does not require any intervention: it is enough to admire them, and not to forget about reasonable measures to contain weeds.
The only mandatory measures in the cultivation of heelipterum are loosening the soil and weeding from the weeds. But even they can be abandoned if you grind the soil with any materials available to you and create a protective layer. Mulch from peat, compost, straw, mowed grass, bark, sawdust will not allow weeds to grow and will maintain the soil looseness, so beloved by gelipterum.
The mulch layer is created immediately after planting and updated as needed. If you do not want to mulch the planting, weed the weeds at least 3 times in the summer and regularly loosen the crust formed on the soil.
This is a completely drought-resistant summer man, who is not afraid of long periods without natural precipitation. However, if you do not care at all about compensating for the vagaries of the weather, the inflorescences by the end of the flowering period in the fall will greatly decrease in size. If you grow helimpterums for cutting or for summer bouquets, you need to get a large number of inflorescences from the bushes, then during the prolonged droughts spend 1 time per week or 10 days deep watering.
Top dressing Helipterum need only when growing purely for cutting. Plants for obtaining the best possible flowers are fed the same way as pot plants - a complex fertilizer for flowering plants, which is introduced into the water for irrigation 1-2 times a month, starting from the budding stage.
This yearbook is resistant to both diseases and pests. And even if they appear on the plant, there is no sense in dealing with them: it is enough in the fall, after flowering, to completely remove the plants from the soil and destroy.
Mengles Helipterum (Helipterum manglesii). © flips99
Cut to dry bouquets
Helipterums are grown as dried flowers and it is precisely that it is the most famous plant for winter bouquets in our country. Its distinctive feature is the ability to retain color even after drying and amazing longevity. In addition, the flowers of helipterum seem surprisingly alive, are more natural and almost wild beauty.
If you want to fill up your assortment of dried flowers with Helipterum, take care of the correct cutting of the inflorescences. Preservation of color and durability of dried inflorescences depends on the timing of cutting and drying conditions. In heelipterum, pruning of the inflorescences should be carried out immediately after the first inflorescences are revealed (no later than 2 days after flowering). Cut not individual flowers, and inflorescences or twigs.
Dried inflorescences in a ventilated dry place, hanging by the "legs".
Helipterum corymbiflorum (Helipterum corymbiflorum). © Ian Sutton
Use in landscape design
Despite the fact that Helipterum became famous as a cut type plant, it is a beautiful dried flower, it can also become a bright decoration of a summer garden. It is perfect for container culture, including stone flower girls and heavy stone outdoor flowerpots in the company of plants with flexible hanging sprouts. But the most winning games of this fly - in the borders and mixborders.
Planted on the flower beds of Letniki or large beds Helipterum is not worth it: it is easy to lose all the charm with an abundance of neighbors. But in narrow flower beds, ribbons, mixborders, border planting, he surprisingly well reveals the silver and the foliage of the foliage, and the bright, sunny flowering.
Distribution and habitat
Australia and the countries of South Africa are considered the birthplace of hellipterum; the subtropical and tropical climate will be the most favorable for the plant. About 2 centuries ago, the flower fell into the gardens of Europe, where it took root easily.
In temperate climates, the plant goes through a full stage of its development, adorns the garden all summer, in the southern regions sometimes blooms until October.
Popular types of Helipterum
View Mengles Helipterum grows from 35 cm to 50 cm, the stem without edge, thin but strong, the leaves are gray-green, heart-shaped, collected in the rosette. Inflorescences up to 3 cm in diameter, marginal petals of 2 types: white and pink. Flowering period from June to September, the seeds remain viable for up to 3 years.
There are two forms:
- atrosanguinea - with bright carmine wrappers,
- maculata - with dark spots on rose petals.
Varieties of this type does not have.
Helipterum pink is the most famous of the genus, having many varieties.
It grows up to half a meter tall, the stems are lightly branched, the leaves are collected in a rosette, opposite, of elongated shape. Baskets of medium size up to 4 cm, tubular petals in the center of a bright yellow color, marginal arranged in 5-8 rows.
It blooms briefly, but magnificently, the seeds remain viable for up to 3 years.
It has 2 decorative forms - large-flowered and woody, the most popular varieties:
- Red Boney - red-pink petals with brown center,
- "Album" - white with a yellow center,
- new variety "Round dance" - almost the entire set of shades inherent in the view with a black center,
- "Goliath" - inflorescences can have the color of coral, cherry, dark pink, inflorescence diameter up to 6 cm.
Helimetrum Humbolda, known to growers for the variety "Baby Sun". This plant is not high, up to 40 cm, with numerous shoots, small lanceolate forms of leaves and inflorescences, gathered in shields. The diameter of the shields is up to 6 cm, small inflorescences of bright golden-yellow color.
It blooms during the summer season, very beautiful in the cut, for a long time retains the brightness of the petals in winter bouquets.
Agrotechnics in the above plants has no differences, their varietal characteristics and application are also similar. Varieties are good for decorating the landscape, in fresh cut and dry bouquets.
Application in floristics
Contrary to popular belief about the use of plants as dried flowers, flowers are also used in living compositions. The stems are cut with half-distended buds in the afternoon.
Interesting contrasting compositions are obtained with large buds of poppies, peonies, with extravagant daylilies and slender irises. Florists have always been attracted to the combination of yellow and blue, for example, hellipterum with yellow wrappers and bells, cornflowers, or purple aconite.
The structure of the petals-wrappers in the plant resembles paper, perhaps, therefore, in winter bouquets, the flowers retain the brightness of the color. In dry compositions, plants are selected that will not be lost against each other, having differences in the shape of inflorescences and color.
Helipterum in dry bouquets goes well with such plants:
- statice with corymbose inflorescences of bright purple color,
- xerrantum blue-blue shades,
- craspedia spherical yellow color,
- Cirrus celosia with inflorescences with panicles of all colors of the rainbow,
- mordovnik (spiny bright blue ball),
- Physalis (bright orange fruit-lanterns).
In addition to live and dry bouquets, inflorescences are used in various handicrafts: panels, buttonholes, decorative paintings.
Conditions of detention
Plants can be grown in containers and put them in the garden, or planted in open ground. To do this, you need to choose a place open to the sun most of the day, preferably not blown by drafts and not in a lowland where moisture can accumulate.
Plants must be constantly lit, even from each other they are planted at a distance, since sunlight is the main condition for lush flowering.
Soil and fertilizer
The ground for the pilot is needed loose and light with a neutral or slightly acid reaction. On alkaline calcareous or too acidic soils, the plant will simply wither.
The main condition for good development and abundant flowering is loosening (saturation of the horses with oxygen) and weeding from weeds. If it is not possible to pay much attention to the weeding, you can cover the soil around the flowers with mulch from peat, straw, or compost.
Possible difficulties in growing
Helipterum has a very delicate root system. Therefore, with a seedling method of cultivation, the seedlings dive into nutrient pots, and when caring for a plant, the soil is loosened very carefully, not deeply. For the same reason, gently dispense the amount of moisture for flowers, so as not to provoke root decay.
But it is necessary to take into account that with a long absence of moisture, the inflorescences will be much less than expected.
Pests, diseases and prevention
The plant is not susceptible to pests and diseases.
As a preventive measure against possible diseases and pests to which the Astrov family is susceptible (it includes the helipterum), the following actions are taken:
- Seeds before sowing pickled in a solution of foundationol.
- The soil is disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate.
- Landing is carried out in sunny places.
- Do not allow thickening.
- For insects used spraying infusions of marigolds, garlic.
- They clean the soil after cutting flowers, carefully dig it.
Dried flowers can be called unique plants: in the summer they delight with their bright abundant, often long flowering. In winter, a piece of summer is stored in dry compositions that do not lose their shades.
Difficulties and problems of care
Helipterum is a crop that is less susceptible to diseases and is resistant to insects, therefore problems with growing rarely occur.
The danger of the appearance of fungal diseases appears during a long rainy period, when the reduced temperature persists. This can cause roots to rot, rust or powdery mildew. From the decay of the root system, the plant can be saved only by timely transfer to another soil, during which all the affected roots are carefully removed.