General information

Lithops from seeds at home Cultivation care and maintenance Species with photos


To obtain seeds you need to have two adult flowering lithops of the same species. After pollination of flowers, boxes are formed in which the seeds ripen.

If there are no such plants, seeds can be purchased in the trade network. Lithops seeds do not lose their germination for 10 yearstherefore, they can be stored for a long time.

It is also not recommended to sow fresh seeds, since they give the highest germination rate during the third year of storage.

Sowing seeds and germination

Planting Lithops seeds is recommended in the period from late autumn to late spring. Usually, seeds are sown with Lithops in March. To do this, take a wide container filled with soil. Suitable soil for succulents or a mixture of leafy soil with sand in the ratio of 2: 1. Sowing soil should be wet, but not wet.

The seeds of the Lithops are very small.. Before sowing, they are soaked in water for 6 hours and then evenly distributed over the surface of the earth. To do this, it is desirable to use a needle so that you can decompose the seeds one by one on the surface of the soil. Dusted with soil should not be. Good germination is important for germination.

After sowing, the container is covered with glass and placed in a well-lit place. Every day, you need to remove the glass and ventilate the container, remove condensate from the glass.

Moisturize the soil every day by spraying water on its surface.

An important factor for rapid germination is the difference in day and night temperatures. It should be 20-25 ° C during the day and 12-15 ° C at night. In these conditions, seedlings appear on the 6-10 day.

Seedlings care

After the seedlings appear, the container is left under glass for a few more weeks.

Young Lithops gradually accustom themselves to the dry air of the apartment.Ventilate the container three times a day for 20 minutes.

Watering the seedlings is now necessary only when the surface of the earth in the container dries out. If the seedlings are located in direct sunlight, they need pritenyat.

After 3-4 weeks the container is opened. Little lithops are watered very carefully so that as little water as possible falls on their surface.

Seedlings are transplanted into separate pots at the age of 1 year, but if they become cramped in a container, transplantation can be carried out earlier.

Seedlings in the second year of life should be watered every 2 weeks, and then every 3 weeks, gradually accustomed to the mode of irrigation of an adult plant. By the end of autumn, they need to organize the first cold and dry wintering. And from next spring, young plants should be looked after in the same way as adults.

After growing Lithops from seeds, it is important to observe the conditions for caring for an adult plant.

Adult Care

Despite the exotic appearance, care at home for Lithops is even very simple. Even for beginning flower growers, these “live stones” will be able to grow to maximum sizes and please the original flowering.

Watering and spraying

Being succulents, Lithops can withstand drought well, but do not tolerate excessive watering.

Due to overmoistening the plant may rot or burst. During the growth period, watering is carried out once every two weeks.

In the dormant period, which usually lasts from January to March, the soil becomes wetted altogether. In March-April, when young leaves appear, and old ones dry up, watering resumes. It is important that water does not fall on the leaves, as well as in the gap between them.

From time to time, especially on hot days, Lithops can be lightly sprayed. However, this should be done early in the morning or late in the evening so that the plant does not get sunburn.

Temperature, humidity and lighting

Being inhabitants of the desert, Lithops well tolerate the summer heat and dry air. The optimum temperature in the warm season will be 22-25 degrees. In winter, it is reduced to 12-15 degrees, but not lower than 5-7. In the summer you can take the "live stones" to fresh air.

There are no special requirements for environmental humidity in Lithops. They perfectly carry dry air. On very hot summer days, you can humidify the air around the plant with a fine-grained atomizer. But too high humidity and lack of air circulation can cause rotting.

Lithops are very fond of light, so southern windows will be the best place for them.. They do not respond very well to changing places, especially during the formation of buds. Therefore, the pot with the plant is better to rearrange and not even rotate around the axis.

Soil and fertilizer

The soil for the Lithops should have good air and moisture, to be quite poor. It is better to compose the dredger, because peat and a substrate for succulents are not very suitable for “live stones”.

Optimally, the mixture consisted of 1 part of brick chips, 2 parts of sand, 0.5 parts of leafy ground and 0.5 parts of clay. At the bottom of the pot must be present drainage. The soil surface is filled with fine gravelto avoid rotting of the root collar.

The exception is when the transplant has not been performed for more than 2 years. Then fertilizing can be done in early spring and early autumn with fertilizer for succulents. Concentration - 2 times weaker than indicated on the package.

Transplantation and reproduction

Lithops transplantation is carried out in February-March, as the roots fill the pot capacity. As a rule, it is 1 time in 2-4 years. Part of the side roots can be removed. For transplants, deep pots are used, since in nature the roots of the plant grow deeper and not in breadth.

Optimal choice of ceramic containers - they do not contribute to the stagnation of water. In one pot, you can land several copies of one or more types of Lithops.

They are also well combined with representatives of the family of aizovyh, asphodelovyh, cacti, or some types of milkweed.

Lithops breed by seeds. This can be done at any time of the year, but the most optimal time is spring.

Before sowing, seeds are soaked for 5-6 hours in water, then dried and laid out on the ground. Capacity covered with polyethylene or glass, regularly ventilated, contained at a temperature of 25-28 degrees. If necessary, the soil is moistened with a spray.

After 6-10 days, shoots appear that do not need spraying. They do not dive immediately, but after wintering, in the spring.

Pests and diseases

Lithops can be affected by a scarlet. To combat it, you can use a slurry of water, garlic and soap, which should wipe the leaves. Another option is to spray the plant with infusion of yarrow. To prepare it, 50 grams of dried grass is poured with 0.5 liter of boiling water and left for 2 days.

Due to poor drainage and excessive watering, the roots of “live stones” can start to rot. In this case, the infected roots are pruned, the plant is transplanted into a new soil, and watering is significantly reduced. It is recommended to hold it in the open air for about an hour before transplanting lithops with bare roots in order to evaporate excess moisture.

Now you know how to grow succulents from seeds at home.

Lighting and temperature

During the day, you must observe +28 - 30 degrees, and at night lower the temperature to +15 - 18. Ventilate the room more often so that there is air movement. Lithops do not like stagnation of air masses.

If the seed was planted in the summer, the shelter for him 4 weeks after planting should be done 10 times more. Take care of constant lighting. If it is not enough, the leaf plates can darken and stretch out in length.

Humidity level

  • Ventilate the container several times a day and spray the seedlings a little with the rain method. Irrigation should resemble small drops of dew, and it is not recommended to wet the soil. Otherwise, Lithops can start to rot.
  • Within a week the plants should climb.
  • As soon as the shoots appear, then the ventilation procedure should be increased to 3 - 4 times a day, and the time itself for 20 minutes. It takes a lot of air for the successful growth and development of succulents.
  • Watering so often does not need to be carried out, it will be enough to check periodically that the soil does not dry out. Then water a little water at room temperature.

How to transplant plants

It is necessary to subsequently pour a small amount of small pebbles on the ground surface as mulch. Such a measure will serve as a support for flowers and prevent the appearance of rot.

It is necessary to carry out transplanting only after the Lithops have spent the winter at least once. Yes, and transplantation is recommended only when the plants closely. If you still decide to dive young Lithops, then it is recommended to do it during the period of active flowering.

Experienced growers recommend planting these succulents only in groups or at least in the amount of 2 - 3 pieces. Sometimes they are planted in a group with other plants. Then the growth of Lithops improves.

Top dressing and fertilizer

  1. In autumn and winter, these plants do not need moisture at all. In the remaining months of the year, it is recommended to water gently, using a spoon, under the root. Make sure that the moisture does not fall into the hollow where the flowers should appear. This can cause putrefactive processes.
  2. You can put the container in a pan with water. The root system of a plant is sufficiently developed to take the required amount of moisture on its own.
  3. It is believed that, like other succulents, the plant is quite stable, and does not require special dressings and fertilizers. This measure would be appropriate if you have had it for many years and have never been transplanted.
  4. It is advisable to replant these delicate plants once a year, but if it does not work out, then you need to feed a little. To do this, purchase a universal fertilizer for cacti, but you should use only half of the proposed dose.

Is it possible to grow in open ground?

Usually, Lithops do not land on the street. But you can take the pots to fresh air. In the summer season in the country Lithops will become stronger and more enduring. Such a "walk" will benefit them if you follow some rules.

  • If it is very hot, then the air humidity should be increased with a sprayer. The “living stones” themselves are not irrigated, but the space next to them must be moistened.
  • The pot should be hidden from direct rays. If you stand in the sun, then create a small awning. The sun needs the plant only in the first half of the day, for 4–5 hours, then you can rearrange the container in partial shade.
  • If there is a lot of rainfall outside, then it is better to bring the plant into the room. It does not tolerate too low temperatures. Do not forget that his homeland is desert.

If you violate the conditions for cultivation, then the Lithops can be attacked spider mites and worms. To avoid this, you need to take out the plant in the sun for at least 1 hour. If, however, you see a clear defeat of the plant, then remove it away from the rest.

Then treat the leaves with a solution of garlic, collect insects with tweezers. Treatment with chemicals Aktar or Aktellik once a week is recommended.

Lithops - living desert stones

Lithops managed to hide from the close attention of botanists for about a hundred years, because their current name, derived from “lithos” - the stone and “opsis” - looked like, the plants were received only in 1922. Today, six dozen species are openly described, externally, indeed, resembling stones of all sorts of plant colors, opening yellowish or white flowers in the fall.

But the “stone” view of the Lithops is deceptive.

Two thick, fused between the sheet, which consists of the aerial part, literally filled with moisture.

This is a kind of reservoir, where the plant stores a water reserve that is so necessary in the desert, which ensures the growth, development of a bud, flowering and reproduction of lithops. The size of the amazing “living stone” is modest, most species barely reach 5 cm in diameter. The leaves are mounted on an inconspicuous, short stalk, and the plant is fed with a long taproot. However, even at home, Lithops grow from seeds, and the grown up “pebbles” have been pleasing the owners for many years.

In order for pets to feel comfortable in an apartment, it is important to ensure proper care. Otherwise, it is difficult to wait for the blooming of “living stones”, and sometimes the plants die at all.

Lithops care at home

If the care and maintenance of lithops are to their liking, they bloom regularly, their leaves are resilient and change to new ones about once a year. When a plant gets enough light, water and nutrition, it sits tightly on the ground and consists of a pair of leaves. As they grow, they begin to "lose weight" and dry up, and through the gap a new pair begins to appear.

As a native of the desert, Lithops need year-round coverage. At home, pots with these plants are better placed on southern windows, but if there is no such possibility, it is possible to grow lithops at home only in a greenhouse with constant artificial lighting.

The summer temperatures prevailing in the middle lane, of the order of 20–24 ° C, are quite acceptable for guests from South Africa, because they are well tolerated by the forty-degree heat. The main thing is that pets who are forced to experience high temperatures do not fall under direct sunlight. At home, Lithops with especially hot periods subside with a hibernation, restoring vital processes only at night, when the desert cools down. How to grow lithops in an apartment?

In the warm season, Lithops can be carried out in the garden or on the balcony, not forgetting to protect the pots from the sun. In the hottest months, the pots are shaded by 20–30% during the daytime. For the rest of the time, sun protection is needed only when the rays hit the plants directly. In winter, plants begin to hibernate. At this time, the temperature will be comfortable around 10–12 ° C, but not below –8 ° C, otherwise the liquid inside the thickened leaves begins to freeze and destroy the cells.

Caring for lithops at home is not complete without transplanting grown plants. When the root of the lithops fills the volume allocated to it, the plant is transplanted, choosing wide pots for this crop, a little deeper than the length of the main flower root. Since the lithops do not tolerate stagnant moisture, a layer of drainage is necessarily made at the bottom, and after transplanting the plant for 2–6 weeks, greenhouse conditions are created by carefully monitoring the soil moisture, the absence of drafts and the lighting regime.

If the Lithops are very sensitive to the shortage or excess of moisture, then the soil composition for them can be practically any. It is only important that the substrate could hold the amount of water the plant needs, and was moderately nutritious.

The approximate soil composition for this type may include:

The surface of the soil after planting Lithops is sprinkled with small pebbles, prickly shells or other mulch to prevent the evaporation of moisture and the development of moss and mold fungi on the ground. Lithops can be fed once every two years, if the plant has not been transplanted into a new soil during this period. In this regard, care, as well as the maintenance of Lithops, is not burdensome and simple.

Features watering Lithops

If with a lack of moisture Lithops can live for some time due to the reserve in the leaves, then excessive watering, and especially stagnant water, quickly leads to decay of the root system.

In order for the plant to constantly feel comfortable, you need to choose the right watering mode and be very careful about the condition of the “living stone”. This is the main part of home care for Lithops.

  • When a lithops changes old leaves to new ones or picks up buds, he needs the most abundant watering.
  • But in winter, with the onset of the rest period, the soil only occasionally moisturizes or stops watering at all.

From mid-April to December, Lithops can be watered after 10 days, but the plant itself can tell when it lacks moisture. Such a signal will be the wrinkling of the leaves in the daytime, continuing the next morning. On particularly hot days, maintenance and care of Lithops is complicated. Plants are satisfied with an evening shower, sprinkling warm water.

With the onset of wintering, watering is stopped. It should be resumed in February, at which time plants can receive water once every three weeks or a little more often if the process of opening the gap between old leaves is too long.

When watering, it is important to prevent moisture from entering the gap between the leaves, and that the drops remain on the sides of the lithops. This can cause sunburn or tissue rot. If regular watering is moderate, once a month the soil in the pot is well soaked that imitates the rainy season and serves to develop the root system. It is watering, the most important part of the care of lithopsum in household conditions, determines the vitality of old leaves and the appearance of lithops. If a plant receives a lot of water, its excess accumulates in the aboveground part, as a result, the outdated leaves do not die off and spoil the appearance of the plant.

Growing Lithops from Seeds at Home

If you want to get young Lithops from seeds, at home it is better to sow in March.

Before growing lithops, a substrate is prepared on the basis of:

  • one part crushed to 2 mm red brick,
  • two parts of turf land,
  • двух частей песка,
  • одной части глины и такого же количества торфа.

Затем грунт пропаривают, перемешивают, остужают и еще раз рыхлят. При засыпке горшка на 25–30% высоты делают дренажный слой из мелкого гравия, а затем засыпают грунт и его увлажняют.

Seeds for speedy spitting are soaked for 6 hours and, without drying, are sown on the surface of the prepared soil.

Now the development of young lithops at home depends only on their care. After sowing, the container is closed with glass or film and placed for germination in a warm, lighted place. In order for seeds to grow better, it is better to immediately ensure conditions close to natural ones.

  • During the daytime, in the greenhouse or in the area of ​​the container should be 28–30 ° C, and at night, only 15–18 ° C.
  • Once or twice a day, the film is removed and the crops are aired for a couple of minutes.
  • When the soil dries, it is moistened with a spray gun.

After 6–12 days, you should wait for the first shoots and prepare for a new phase of caring for lithops at home. When tiny sprouts seem over the ground, they need to be aired up to 4 times a day, gradually increasing the procedure time to 20 minutes. It is important that the air in the greenhouse does not warm up above 40 ° C, and the direct rays of the sun do not fall on the seedlings. If the light is not enough, after a few days the plants signal a faded color.

When the size of young Lithops is equal to a pea, the surface of the soil in the pot is carefully mulched with small stones. And at the first traces of mold or moss on the soil they are treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.

Despite the difference in growth rate of home-grown Lithops species, six months after sowing, it is time for the first shift of leaves. This means that the plants are restricted to watering, which is renewed only after the old leaves are completely dry. If small Lithops develop better when there is some distance between them, then adult “living stones” are planted close to each other, leaving not more than 2-3 cm intervals. maintenance and care of which is not so difficult.