A small yellow dandelion is a real doctor who has a gold supply of useful substances. Since ancient times, it is considered the "elixir of life." Indeed, analgesic, diuretic, choleretic, anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic, tonic properties are inherent in a small plant. Dandelion leaves are used to prepare a variety of medicines that can fight a lot of ailments. In this case, not only leaflets are useful. Both roots and flowers are endowed with healing properties.
Everyone knows a perennial herbal culture, called dandelion officinalis. The plant has yellow-golden reed flowers, resembling a basket. The long hollow stem contains a milky sap.
What do dandelion leaves look like? Initially, it should be noted that only young shoots are used for therapeutic purposes. These leaves are bright green. They are formed in the basal socket. The length of the leaflet can vary from 5 to 25 cm. They differ in the strugular type, with serrated blades visible at the edges.
The plant has a short branched rhizome, which goes down to the core long root. Its size can be about 60 cm, and diameter - 2 cm.
The medicinal properties of dandelion help to cope with various ailments. And often this therapy is a long process. That is why it is recommended to prepare a plant in advance so that the course of therapy is not interrupted in winter.
The ground part (leaves, flowers) is recommended to be collected during the flowering period. If you plan to harvest for the winter, then the plant should be dried. This process is carried out in the fresh air. However, avoid sun rays on a dandelion.
Harvesting of the roots involved in the fall (September - October), when the leaves have faded. The excavated part is thoroughly washed. Large roots should be cut. Then they are dried in a dry room until the milky juice stops being released.
The composition of the plant
Dandelion leaves have found widespread use in folk medicine. Useful properties are grounded by a unique composition.
- mucus, proteins (approximately 15%),
- sterols, fats,
- organic acids
- vitamin C,
- vitamin B6,
- provitamin A,
- beta carotene.
In addition, the plant is rich in microelements: manganese, iron, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, cobalt, boron, copper.
No less useful is the dandelion root. Healing properties and contraindications (which will be discussed below) have long been known to healers and are often used in the fight against ailments.
- Terpene compounds. Substances perfectly churn the temperature, have antibacterial effects.
- Bitterness They contribute to the production of gastric juice, improve appetite. Bitterness is different choleretic effect. It provides sputum discharge in case of obstructive bronchitis.
- Inulin The product is a natural polysaccharide. It reduces the amount of sugar in the body. The substance strengthens the walls of all internal organs. Improves adsorption properties.
- Fatty acid glycerides. Such substances perfectly reduce the level of cholesterol, as well as fat-soluble slags.
- Carotenoids. Components are the precursors of carotene. Accordingly, they improve vision, contribute to the normalization of metabolism in the body.
- Choline (better known as vitamin b4). It provides hemoglobin production. The substance is involved in cholesterol cleavage. Vitamin improves immunity. In addition, it protects the liver from damage with frequent consumption of fatty foods and alcohol. It is an excellent prevention of the development of diseases of the nervous system.
- Sterol. This component has excellent diuretic and choleretic properties.
- Trace elements They support immunity, provide the correct assimilation of useful substances, regulate acid-base balance in the blood.
As you can see, both the root and the leaves of the dandelion are endowed with healing power.
Unpretentious dandelion has become a real favorite of traditional medicine. This is confirmed by many different recipes, in which the plant is the main ingredient.
And this is not surprising. After all, the medicinal properties of dandelion are almost limitless.
The plant has the following properties:
- blood purifying
Dandelion is a true gift of nature. Many treat him like a normal weed. A pity, because the plant is very useful. All its parts have therapeutic power. For the ability to cure many ailments, the plant is often called the "yellow ginseng."
Traditional medicine recommends using dandelion for a wide variety of ailments:
- Roots have excellent choleretic and sedative properties in liver pathologies. They are in demand for hepatitis, gallstone disease. Used in renal colitis.
- Flowers have whitening properties. They are used in cosmetology to get rid of age spots, freckles. The dandelion leaf mask moisturizes, rejuvenates the skin, nourishes it with nutrients.
- Juice plants or decoction have a tonic effect. They contribute to the production of insulin, rid the body of harmful toxins, stimulate metabolism. In addition, the drink helps to restore power.
- The plant is used for various nervous disorders. It can act as an effective sedative and sedative.
- Broths, tinctures from the root help fight atherosclerosis, hypertension. They are used to lower cholesterol.
- For gout, kidney ailments, dropsy, rheumatism, urolithiasis, a modest dandelion will help.
- In case of joint pathologies, the plant is used both internally and externally. For fractures, the juice accelerates the healing of bones. He is also in demand for rachitis in babies.
- The root is used for thyroid ailments. Its healing power helps fight toxic goiter.
- Tincture of the roots or leaves of dandelion helps to stimulate appetite. It stimulates the functioning of the digestive tract. This drink has antihelminthic effect, perfectly treats gastritis.
- The plant is used in tuberculosis, as an antifebrile drug.
- A decoction of the roots used for baths. Such water procedures are shown for eczema, skin rashes. Corns and warts are recommended to be lubricated with fresh juice. Oil hood helps with burns.
- Dandelion cleanses the blood and activates the formation of leukocytes in the body. That is why it is used for anemia, vitamin deficiency, inflammation of the lymph nodes, oncology, poisoning.
The plant is used not only in traditional medicine. Many housewives have long made tasty and healthy dishes based on it. Popularity: dandelion leaf salad, soups. Often, fresh foliage is a great addition to other greenery.
Unfortunately, not all people can resort to therapy with this plant. After all, both leaflets and dandelion root have some limitations. Medicinal properties and contraindications must be carefully studied. And just making sure that the plant does not harm your body, you can resort to treatment.
If you want to use dandelion leaves, consider the following contraindications:
- gastritis with high acidity,
- the ulcer
- blockage of the biliary tract.
It is strictly forbidden to exceed the dosage of this drug. Otherwise, diarrhea and vomiting can be provoked.
These restrictions apply to root treatment. In addition, it is important to consider individual sensitivity. People who do not tolerate the plant may experience various allergic reactions.
Healing Leaf Recipes
Traditional healers offer a variety of tools that can fight even with serious illnesses. However, before using them, in order not to provoke unpleasant consequences, it is recommended to discuss their use with a doctor.
The duration of treatment is almost always 3 weeks. If improvements are noticeable, but the symptoms have not yet been completely eliminated, then therapy can be continued. Of course, after consulting a doctor.
So, the most effective means:
- With avitaminosis. It will take dandelion leaf juice. It must be combined with alcohol. Proportions - 1: 1. For three weeks the remedy is infused in the dark. This medicine helps to cope with increased fatigue, eliminates avitaminosis in the spring. It is recommended to use it twice a day for 1 tbsp. l
- In the fight against anemia. Crushed dandelion leaves in the amount of 1 tsp. pour boiling water - 1 cup. 15 minutes means infused. The filter is filtered through a strainer or gauze. Take medication throughout the day. Means effectively supports the general tone.
- To improve digestion. Dandelion leaves (crushed) must be mixed with the roots of the plant. Both components will need 1 tsp. The mixture is poured boiling water - 2 cups. After cooling the medium is filtered. It is recommended to take twice a day and 1 tbsp. l
- From insect bites. Young leaves of a dandelion must be grind to obtain gruel. It is imposed on the bite. This tool perfectly relieves pain and eliminates inflammation.
- To improve lactation, with abscesses. Perfectly improves metabolism, cleans the blood infusion of leaflets. You can use dry grass. Crushed raw materials (1 tbsp.) Poured boiling water (250 g). For 3-4 hours, the medicine is infused, preferably in a thermos. The filtered means must be taken before meals in 50 g. Use the infusion 6 times a day.
- With low acidity. Young leaflets should be thoroughly washed. For 30 minutes they are immersed in brine. Then washed again and scalded with boiling water. Thoroughly chop raw materials and squeeze the juice. This drink should be diluted with water (1: 1). For 5 minutes, the product is boiled. In the cooled form, they take the medicine three times a day, half an hour before meals, 50 g each. The resulting juice has a bitter taste. To neutralize the unpleasant taste, you can drink the medicine with sweet syrups or stick with a spoon of honey.
- To stimulate the immune system. Apply a decoction of dandelion leaves. It is necessary to take raw materials - 5 tbsp. l The grass is poured boiling water - 300 ml. Then for 5 minutes boil means. After infusion for 3 hours, the drug must be drained. Use it for 1/2 cup 30 minutes before meals, twice a day.
The use of root in traditional medicine
As is known, not only dandelion leaves are used to fight diseases. Root application is an effective method to improve health.
Popular recipes are:
- Raising the tone. Chopped root (2 tsp) is filled with water (400 ml). The composition should languish in a water bath for about 30 minutes. Take it before each use of food in 1/3 cup.
- Liver treatment. In the evening it is necessary to pour chopped root (20 g) with cold water (250 ml). In this form, the mixture remains all night. In the morning, put the tool on a small fire. It is necessary to bring it to a boil and remove. It is recommended to drink about 30 minutes before breakfast. After the meal, you can drink another portion of broth.
- Cleansing the blood. In this case, the root (20 g) is poured boiling water (250 ml). Infused such a medicine in a thermos. It is recommended to take 250 ml before meals. The tool perfectly improves hemoglobin.
- Adenoids, chronic rhinitis. It is recommended to make the following infusion. Chopped root (1 teaspoon) is brewed with boiling water (200 ml). The mixture should be covered with a lid and infused for 20 minutes. Consume in cooled filtered form. It is recommended to drink daily 3-4 times ¼ cup.
- Stress, fatigue. Take shredded root (1 tbsp. L.). Fill it with alcohol or vodka (1 tbsp.). The tool should be infused exclusively in dark dishes for 2 weeks. It is recommended to take 30 drops. The product is diluted in a spoonful of water. For therapeutic effect, it is necessary to use the infusion three times a day.
- Hypertension. Cold water is added to the ground raw material (100 g). It will need 300 ml. Means boiled for 25 minutes. The broth must be drunk 2 times a day with 150 ml. It is recommended to take the remedy before meals. This decoction helps to cope with insomnia. In this case, it is useful to take the drug at bedtime.
Dandelion leaves are used to prepare a variety of different dishes. Salads are especially in demand. They contribute to the improvement of immunity, provide a healthy body.
For salads it is recommended to use green leaves only during flowering. If the plant has already got seeds, then it is not suitable for cooking. These leaves are very bitter. Therefore, the salad of this green is not tasty.
Young leaves contain little bitterness. To completely eliminate the unpleasant taste, it is necessary for 30-40 minutes to soak the greens in salted water.
The best dandelion leaf recipes:
- May. For the preparation of salad need dandelion leaves (100 g), green onions (100 g), celery or parsley (50 g). For the dish you need to cook 1 egg. All ingredients are finely chopped and mixed. Sour cream with sugar (1 tsp.), Diluted in 5% vinegar (1 tbsp.) And salt is used for the dressing.
- Salad of dandelion leaves with lungwort. This is another tasty dish, contributing to the overall strengthening of the body. It is necessary to take in equal quantities the leaves of dandelion, lungwort. Grind these ingredients. To them is added (to taste) chopped parsley, dill, green onions. You can add cumin seeds to the salad. Cut ingredients sprinkle with salt. Then they should be mashed until the plants give the juice. Dressed with sour cream or vegetable oil with vinegar.
Perennial herbaceous plant. It is valued in traditional medicine as a choleretic, diuretic, tonic, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, blood purifying, antipyretic action. Also used in cooking.
Medicinal properties and contraindications of dandelion have been described in the treatises of ancient Chinese, Tibetan medicine. Here, the herb is called the "elixir of life." Dandelion cleanses the blood, rejuvenates the body, strengthens the immune system. Especially prized medicines from the root and fresh juice of young leaves. Medieval Persian physician Avicenna mentions this plant in medical writings. For a long time, dandelion is considered a valuable diuretic and choleretic medicine.
Features of the medicinal plant
Dandelion officinalis. Botanical illustration from the book “Köhler’s Medizinal-Pflanzen”, 1887.
Dandelion field, or medicinal, ordinary, pharmacy - the names of the same varieties of plants. This variety is used for medicinal purposes and in cooking.
Dandelion ordinary - medicinal plant of the forest-steppe zone. The unpretentious flower, belongs to resistant weeds. It survives well on wet (meadows and forest glades) and arid soils (vacant lots and fields). It can often be seen near the dwelling, on personal plots. Gardeners are well known - it is hard to eradicate weed. Medicinal dandelion is found throughout Europe, but also in Siberia, the Far East, China and Central Asia.
There are over two thousand small dandelion species. Also in botany about 70 large, or else "combined" species of this plant are described. The most common of them - whitish dandelion, white-speaking, ploskolistochkovy, Zhukova. For example, autumn dandelion, or Crimea-Sagyz contains a lot of milk juice - this is natural rubber. In addition, tea is made from it, and ground coffee produces a healthy coffee drink. Whitish Dandelion and Zhukova are listed in the Red Book of Russia and are grown as decorative flowers. Pharmaceutical dandelion represents the greatest medicinal value. There are also varieties that are forbidden to ingest because of the high content of milk juice - Bessarabian, late, red fruit.
In cosmetology, various dosage forms of dandelion are used - decoctions, infusions, fresh juice, alcohol tincture, oil.
- For face skin. Dandelion products cleanse, nourish, moisturize, rejuvenate the skin. Broths and infusions wipe acne, acne, boils. Oil eliminates dryness and inflammation of the skin, and dandelion juice helps against age spots, freckles, it is used to whiten the skin.
- Для волос . В составе травы все самые полезные и необходимые для здоровых волос вещества — витамины А, Е, С, PP, микроэлементы, органические кислоты, жирное масло. Broths and infusions can rinse the hair after washing or make masks of them, rub oil into the roots to strengthen the hair, with dry skin.
In some European countries (France, Germany, Austria, Holland) dandelion is cultivated as a leaf vegetable. It is also grown on plantations in India and the United States. Young, the earliest leaves of grass can be eaten immediately. Later leaves are recommended to be soaked in salted water so that bitterness comes out of them. Dandelion dishes are not just a stock of vitamins, microelements, organic acids. Dandelion leaves in the diet - a prophylactic against viral, bacterial, fungal infections, worm infestation. What can you cook from dandelion?
- Salads There are many recipes for making dandelion leaf salads. They are prepared not only in Europe, but also in China, the United States. What ingredients can be included? Eggs, butter, parsley, dill, mint, yogurt, sour cream, sorrel, pepper, vegetables. For example, in France, dandelion salad (“pisanli”) is seasoned with mayonnaise sauce, butter and mustard.
- Marinated leaves and flowers. Unopened flower buds and young leaves marinate for long-term storage. They are added to salads, soups, vegetable dishes.
- Treats. From dandelions (flowers and leaves) it turns out a delicious delicacy - syrup, jam, candied fruits. It is also known that the grass is a good melliferous plant, from the pollen of flowers it turns out tasty and healthy honey.
- Coffee From roasted ground roots it turns out delicious and healthy coffee. It resembles the taste of chicory due to the content of inulin.
- Wine Traditional dandelion wine is prepared in the UK. Famous American writer Ray Bradbury dedicated this drink autobiographical book - "Wine from dandelions." The author, of course, does not glorify the wine, but the breath of life itself, nature, summer, the sun, feelings — all through the eyes of a twelve-year-old boy.
What are the main beneficial properties of dandelion medicinal? Choleretic, multivitamin, diuretic, blood-purifying, diaphoretic, sedative, hypnotic, antispasmodic, bactericidal. Nutrients are found in the flowers, leaves and roots of the plant. From dandelion prepare infusions, decoctions, teas, oil, tincture. Also, the plant is popular in cooking of different nations of the world.
Dandelion Root - Useful Properties and Applications
The gardener, gardeners do not like this at all. Medicinal dandelion (lat. Taraxacum officinale) is a very difficult to uproot weed.
Enough of one not destroyed flower so that the ripened seeds sow the whole area. And yet, in spite of everything, the plant pleases the eye with yellow buds in the green grass.
Botanical description of plants and harvesting
Dandelion root is vertical, thick, brown, white in the cut. In case of mechanical damage, all parts emit bitter juice.
The leaves in the basal rosette are lanceolate toothed, up to 25 cm long and up to 5 cm wide. The tubular peduncle is hollow inside.
The flower is bright yellow in the form of a single basket. After the plant ottsvetat, remains naked receptacle.
Harvesting plant material does not cause difficulties. It can be found almost everywhere.
The plant often covers fields, lawns and gardens with a solid yellow carpet.
For therapeutic purposes, leaves and flowers are collected during flowering, and the root - in the fall from the end of September.
Large roots are cleaned from side small roots, they are dried over several days in the sun, washed, cut into small pieces and dried in a ventilated room.
Store in canvas bags in a dark and dry place.
Chemical composition and main active ingredients
Dandelion root is rich in substances related to sesquiterpenes, glycosides taraxacin and taraxacierin.
Includes sterols, flavonoids luteolin-7-glucoside and cosmosine, sucrose, carotene, bitterness, tannins, traces of linoleic, palmitic, mellisic, oleanolic organic acids.
In addition, it accumulates inorganic elements and metals.
Triterpene substances, inulin (24%), nicotinic acid, sigmasterol, sitosterol, choline, vitamins of group B are isolated.
Dandelion herb contains:
- vitamins B2, F, C,
- nicotinic acid.
- vitamin C,
- proteins, phosphorus,
- iron, manganese.
The number of macro-and microelements even exceeds their content in many vegetables.
Medicinal properties of dandelion root
In medicine, more and more attention is paid to this plant, because it has concentrated in itself a lot of biologically active elements.
Medicinal dandelion is a unique natural weapon for healing.
Herbalists with experience often inject the ingredient into herbal teas, traditional cosmetics, and recommend introducing the plant into the diet.
The active substances of this plant exhibit diuretic, choleretic, diaphoretic, laxative, and sedative properties.
- Digestive Aid
Dandelion contains bitterness and acts as a mild laxative, promotes digestion, stimulates appetite, has a choleretic effect, restores electrolyte balance, and also balances beneficial bacteria in the intestine.
Drugs based on it have a beneficial effect on the secretory and motor functions of the gastrointestinal tract.
They cause irritation of taste receptors, which entails the excitation of the center of the meal. Increased secretion of digestive substances.
- Choleretic effect
The choleretic effect, due to the presence of β-sitosterol, allows the use of Taraxacum officinale preparations as a hepatoprotector.
In combination with liver drugs, high results can be achieved in the treatment of liver diseases, in particular if it is damaged as a result of alcoholic beverages.
- Diuretic effect
This medicinal “weed” is a good diuretic that helps to clean the kidneys by increasing urine production.
Moreover, due to its disinfecting properties, dandelion inhibits microbial growth in the urinary system.
- Anti-cancer effect
Recently, numerous studies have been conducted on the anti-cancer properties of dandelion root. The results look promising.
A 2011 Canadian study found that dandelion root extract induces melanoma cell death.
Important are clinical studies on the use of dandelion for treating breast cancer.
It is believed that drugs that include the plant in question will be able to stop the process of metastasis.
In scientific articles published that the dandelion root can resist carcinogenesis, causing programmed death of mutated cells.
- Lowers blood sugar
Recent animal studies show dandelion's ability to regulate blood sugar and insulin levels.
Dandelion juice helps diabetic patients to stimulate insulin production from the pancreas, thereby keeping blood sugar levels low.
- Lowers high blood pressure
Due to the diuretic action, dandelion lowers blood pressure. And the presence of trace element potassium in a dandelion helps to regulate it.
Fiber in the plant also helps in lowering cholesterol and thereby helps lower blood pressure, since cholesterol is one of the factors that raises it.
- Anti-inflammatory and immunostimulating effect
Dandelion contains essential fatty acids, antioxidants and phytonutrients that reduce inflammation throughout the body.
Recent studies also show that dandelion enhances immune function and fights against germs, viruses, and fungi.
- Improves bone health
Dandelion is rich in calcium, which is necessary for the growth and strength of bones. And also in its composition is an antioxidant - luteolin, which protects bones from age-related damage.
- Antioxidant effect
All parts of the dandelion are rich in antioxidants that prevent damage to cells and DNA, the damaging effects of free radicals.
It is rich in vitamin C and beta-carotene and increases the production of superoxide dismutase by the liver.
Published scientific articles, which prove the possibility of using the root in the treatment of diabetes, due to the high content in the plant tissue polysaccharide inulin. The substance has the property to reduce the rate of sugar in the blood.
- Oduvachnik for the treatment of skin diseases
To combat skin diseases, dandelion juice is used, the very milk that forms on the stalk, if the root is picked.
This is due to the fact that the juice has bactericidal, insecticidal and fungicidal properties.
It is used to treat lichen, eczema and other skin diseases, without the risk of side effects or hormonal disorders, usually caused by pharmaceuticals.
For skin ailments, boils, eczema, pigment spots, you can use infusions, decoctions, ointments, powder from the root of Taraxacum officinale.
For which diseases dandelion root is used:
- Diseases of the liver and biliary tract: cholecystitis, hepatitis
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: low acidity of gastric juice, colitis, chronic constipation, lack of appetite
- Diseases of the urinary system: cystitis
- Inflammatory diseases of the joints: gout, arthritis and others
- Skin diseases: eczema, furunculosis
- Atherosclerosis and hypertension
- And many others
Medicinal products with dandelion root
Traditional and traditional medicine applies the root Taraxacum officinale in the form of, decoctions, tinctures, ointments.
Also from the roots you can make tea, which will perfectly replace the store blend with the presence of flavors that are harmful to the body.
- Water decoction of dandelion root
The decoction of the root is most often used in traditional medicine and is the main dosage form, which is used as:
- Enhance digestion
- Cholesterol lowering
- Anticosidant and other means.
How to cook the decoction correctly:
- To prepare the broth, you must take 10 g of finely ground root placed in a bowl and add 200 ml of boiling water.
- Cover the mixture and cook for 15 minutes in a water bath, remembering to stir.
- Remove from heat and insist 45 minutes at room temperature.
- Next, filter the mixture and squeeze the residue. The resulting volume to bring to 0.5 liters of boiled water.
It is necessary to save at a temperature below 0 C, no longer than 2 days.
Drink 80 ml. pre-heating, 3-4 times a day for 15 minutes before eating.
The treatment of constipation is effective with the following composition. 1 tbsp. Spoon chopped roots brew. Insist 15 minutes, strain and consume. ¼ cup 3 times will help normalize the stool. The main thing to remember is to drink this miraculous natural medicine 30 minutes before a meal.
- Milk infusion dandelion
1 tsp spine 250 ml of milk tones the intestines, treats problems with the chair, with hemorrhoids a useful tool.
- Dandelion Root Powder
For constipation, use Taraxacum officinale powder. Eat 0.5 teaspoons, drinking water for 25-30 minutes before meals 3 times.
How to apply the healing powder of yellow handsome atherosclerosis?
Grind dry root material and take 1 tbsp. 3 times throughout the day. Bitter taste, so it is better not to chew, hold in the mouth until the saliva envelops, then swallow. It is better to use with honey or sweet syrup.
- Collection with dandelion for insomnia
Normalize sleep will help the next collection. It is necessary to mix 1 part of lemon balm and roots with 2 parts of mint. 1 tsp collecting pour 1l of boiling water. Take half a cup before bedtime. It is recommended to add honey in case the patient does not suffer from allergies.
The roots collected in the first month of spring are used for inflammation of the lymph nodes. Dug up the roots to grind porridge. The mixture is placed in cheesecloth and attach to the lymph node. Secure the compress with a bandage and hold for 40 minutes. The same recipe will help cure the bumps formed during hemorrhoids.
- Alcohol dandelion tincture
Popular is also a tincture of alcohol. 2/3 cup of finely chopped roots pour 0.5 liters of alcohol or vodka.
Then cork a bottle and hide for 14 days in a place where the light does not penetrate. Every 3 days the contents should be shaken.
This drug treats epilepsy, diseases of the joints, increase immunity. With the purpose of treatment drink 1 tbsp. spoon at least 3 times a day.
- Dandelion coffee
The sunflower root can be used to replace coffee.
A lover of this drink will be able to boast beautiful skin, calm character and cheerful mood provided.
This coffee normalizes metabolic processes in the body and has a calming effect, so it is perfect for the night.
But hypertensive drink can not be taken, because it increases blood pressure.
If roasted acorns and barley are added to the roasted roots at a ratio of 1: 2: 7, then the coffee will become useful for people suffering from diabetes (1 tsp to a glass of milk). And for healthy people - this is a healing preventive nectar, and also tasty.
How to make coffee from dandelion:
- For the preparation of wonderful coffee, washed and dried roots cut into pieces 2-3 cm thick and dry at a low temperature in the oven to a light brown shade.
- The roots processed in this way are ground, mixed with crushed chicory 1: 1. For brewing take 1 tsp. funds for 1 tbsp. boiling water.
Roasted plant roots are sweet. Sugar in the roots is caramelized and gives the drink a peculiar coffee aroma and color.
- Ointment based on dandelion root
In case of burns, ulcers, ulcers of the bedsores, ointment from the roots will come to the rescue.
The powder must be mixed before
obtain a viscous mixture with molten wax. For freezing it must be put in a cold place.
To obtain a therapeutic effect, the ointment should be used externally; it must be applied to the affected areas.
- Oduvachnik powder
To prepare the powder, the roots are ground into powder. The resulting powder has many useful properties and a lot of applications.
It can be used as a component of facial masks. Will help in the battle with toxins, inflammatory processes, pigmentation and acne.
The powder can be used to enrich lotions, ointment creams. Powder can be added to shampoos and hair formulations.
This will fuel the epithelium of the head and the hair roots, will help to give depleted curls smoothness and spectacular shine.
For women with inflamed skin, a mixture of massage oil and powder is suitable. In addition to all the above, powder is an excellent additive for all kinds of cosmetology preparations prepared at home.
Soaps, lotions, scrubs and creams with the addition of powder will delight exhausted dry skin.
As you can see, dandelion drugs affect the processes of adjusting the balance of fluid in the body, the functioning of the heart, kidneys, are used in the treatment of destructive processes in the joints. You can learn more about this by watching this video.
Infographics about dandelion root and its properties
Here is a "miracle weed".
Unfortunately, it can concentrate substances hazardous to health. Therefore, it is not recommended to collect material near busy roads, industrial enterprises and other polluting objects of popular activities.
By the way, due to the fact that the dandelion, unpretentious, can be allocated for its cultivation of the garden or garden in the country.
Botanical characteristics of dandelion medicinal
As already known, dandelion officinalis is a healing and very useful plant. From a large number of ailments and diseases, the therapeutic properties of dandelion have long been used. Dandelion appears in early spring and is one of a very small number of plants that are able to start flowering in early spring and finish in late autumn. A dandelion appears immediately, as soon as snow descends from the soil, immediately free areas of snow begin to become covered with a dense, eye-pleasing dandelion carpet of yellow color. In the expanses of Mother Russia, there are about 200 species of dandelion, especially the popular dandelion, of which there are about 100 varieties.
Dandelion grows next to housing, near roads, along pastures, edges, on the banks of rivers, lakes, etc. This plant usually litters gardens, lawns, meadows, dandelions eats cattle well. The leaves of a young dandelion are eaten for the preparation of fresh salads.
If there was a strong hypothermia of the body, after which the flu begins, you should squeeze the juice from the whole dandelion medicinal plant, then preserve it with ordinary alcohol in a 1: 1 ratio or you can make the tincture of the whole dandelion plant, which must be instilled in a dark place for 21 days after which you need to squeeze everything and take 1-2 times a day for 30-50
If a person has a reduced or no appetite, it is necessary to prepare an infusion of dandelion root: 2 teaspoons of well-chopped dandelion root pour 1 cup of boiled cold water, after infusing for at least 8 hours. Take the medicine 4 times a day before meals for 1/4 cup of infusion.
Если человек страдает от малокровия или авитаминоза, ему также на помощь может прийти одуванчик: 1 чайная ложка корней и листьев одуванчика заливается 1 стаканом кипятка, после чего всё настаивается примерно 1–2 часа в тщательно укутанной посуде. Next, the infusion should be thoroughly filtered and taken 3-4 times a day 20 minutes before meals, 1/4 cup. Or, for such health problems, you can use juice prepared from dandelion leaves, 3-4 times a day before meals, and 1 tablespoon.
To improve metabolism, as well as for various blood diseases, the following infusion is prepared: 1 tablespoon of well-chopped dandelion roots should be filled with 1 cup of boiling water, after which the vessel with infusion should be well wrapped and infused for one to two hours. Next, the infusion should be filtered and consumed 3-4 times a day about 30 minutes before meals, 1/4 cup.
In cases of constipation, a powder is prepared as a good laxative from dandelion roots, namely the roots are thoroughly ground in a coffee grinder to produce a powder. Powder is taken from the roots of a dandelion medicinal 3 times a day, 1/2 tsp.
If a person has been bitten by an insect, a fresh, just picked dandelion leaf, carefully crushed and crushed to obtain a homogeneous mass, will help, after which the resulting gruel must be tied to the bite site, the dressing should be changed after 2–3 hours.
Warts of a small size - so to speak, young - are well reduced by dandelion juice. Prepared dandelion decoction can wipe the face, the decoction is prepared as follows: 2 tablespoons of dandelion leaves are boiled for 15 minutes in 300 ml of water, after which the decoction is filtered and cooled.
You can prepare a salad from fresh dandelion leaves, which must be cut into thin strips, then salt and carefully season with sour cream, you can also add there bulb onions, carrots, season with lemon juice and vegetable oil. It is used as a salad.
In case of diabetes, an infusion is prepared: dandelion leaves, chicory, nettle, galega (grass) and walnut leaves are taken, all mixed in equal parts. 1 spoon of such a collection should be poured with two glasses of water, after which everything should be boiled for 2–3 minutes, after the ready broth it is necessary to stand for about 5–10 minutes. Then the tool must be drained and taken 3 times a day 15–20 minutes before meals, 3 tablespoons of infusion.
Dandelion inflorescences and leaves contain carotenoids, triterpene alcohols, vitamins C and B2, B6 and P, mineral salts of iron, calcium, phosphorus, manganese, copper, boron, nickel, titanium, molybdenum and some other elements. Dandelion leaflets have long been used as a good antiscorbutic agent, and they were also used to improve the functioning of the digestive glands, liver, kidneys, and gall bladder.
Dandelion roots contain carbohydrate inulin (25–30%), as well as about 10–15% of various proteins, plus tannins and fatty oil. Sterols, organic acids, potassium and calcium salts, various resins and mucous substances are also found in the roots of this glorious plant. If you collect the dandelion roots in the autumn, they will contain about 15% more sugars.
Looking through the entire list of properties that dandelion has, it becomes clear how many useful substances this wild-growing plant contains and how many of them are biologically active substances for the human body. People in antiquity, have not yet had a scientific understanding of how rich this plant is with biochemical elements, but through their own samples and discoveries, people understood the beneficial effects of this plant on the body.
In the dandelion drug contains biologically active substances that have choleretic, diuretic, antispasmodic, laxative, expectorant, sedative, hypnotic, and diuretic and diaphoretic properties. All that has been listed above, is not the end of the beneficial properties of this plant, in the process of its in-depth study, it was found out that dandelion also has antiviral, tuberculosis, fungicidal, anthelmintic and anti-carcinogenic properties.
Article author: Sokolova Nina Vladimirovna | Phytotherapist
Education: A diploma in medicine and treatment was obtained at the NI Pirogov University (2005 and 2006). Advanced training at the Department of Phytotherapy at the Moscow University of Peoples' Friendship (2008).
- People use dandelion in food for a long time - dandelion was eaten by the ancient Chinese and Native Americans.
- Salad "Pisanli" is prepared from young dandelion leaves, soaked in saline for 30-40 minutes to get rid of bitterness. Also, dandelion leaves are put in borsch, and dandelion flowers are made from dandelion flowers and wine is made, dandelion honey is made from the opened buds, and coffee substitute is prepared from roasted roots. Boiled leaves are used as spinach.
- In England, dandelion flowers are made from flowers, so popular that Ray Bradbury called his story “Dandelion Wine” after the drink.
- In some countries, dandelion leaves are leavened like cabbage, pickling spring leaves.
- In cosmetology, a mask of fresh dandelion leaves nourishes, moisturizes and rejuvenates the skin, and an infusion of flowers whitens freckles and pigment spots.
The healing properties of dandelion
The healing properties of dandelion are due to the rich chemical composition of herbs and rhizomes. Milky dandelion juice contains taraxacin and taraxacrine, rubbers (2-3%). Dandelion leaves and inflorescences contain taraxanthin, flavoxanthin, vitamins C, A, B2, E, PP, choline, saponins, resins, salts of manganese, iron, calcium, phosphorus, up to 5% protein.
Dandelion roots contain:
- triterpene compounds: taraxasterol, taraxerol, pseudo-paraxasterol, β-amyrin,
- Sterols: β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, taraksol,
- carbohydrates: up to 40% inulin,
- fatty oil, which consists of glycerides of palmitic, melissa, linoleic, oleic, cerotinic acids,
- rubber, proteins, mucus, tar, etc.
Taraxanthin, flavoxanthin, lutein, triterpene alcohols, arydiol, and fradiol are found in flower baskets and dandelion leaves.
The leaves, grass and juice of the dandelion medicinal harvested in June, the roots - in early spring or late autumn in the stage of wilting leaves, dried in a dryer at a temperature + 40-50 ° C.
In scientific medicine For therapeutic purposes, use the dandelion root (lat Radix Taraxaci) for the treatment of constipation, as a choleretic agent and to stimulate appetite.
In folk medicine root, leaves, grass and dandelion juice are used. In the spring, when there is a lack of vitamins, they use fresh young dandelion leaves in the form of lettuce, but most often they use preparations from dandelion roots: to stimulate the appetite, for catarrhs of the stomach and intestines. In addition, it is a good remedy for chronic constipation (use the root decoction inside).
Contraindications: dandelion drugs should not be used by patients with acute obstruction of the biliary tract, gastritis and peptic ulcer diseases. With an overdose of drugs from dandelion diarrhea occurs and severe vomiting.
In lung diseases, dandelion preparations are used as a good expectorant, they also have diuretic properties.
As choleretic drugs from dandelion is used for liver diseases.
Especially dandelion is known as an outdoor remedy. When treating eczema dandelion root combined with burdock root equally (20 grams of grass for two cups boiling water), use half a cup.
Useful use of dandelion drugs for hemorrhoids.
Externally, as a lotion, dandelion preparations are used for eye diseases.
In addition to therapeutic properties, people have long appreciated the dietary and taste qualities of dandelion. Not without reason, in some localities, the leaves sometimes replaced the salad, and in the Kursk region, the powder from its root is mixed in to the coffee coffee for taste and softening.
Preparations from dandelion. Application Methods
Decoction Dandelion Root: 20 grams of herbs per glass of water, or as tea, half a glass 3-4 times a day.
Dandelion Powder: on the tip of a pen knife 3 times a day.
A mixture of drugs for eczema: take 1 tbsp. spoonful of dandelion root and burdock for 3 cups of water, infuse overnight, boil for 10 minutes in the morning and leave without fire for 20 minutes, use half a cup 5 times a day.
Eczema ointment: honey mixed with dandelion flour. Rinse with the body ointment should be warm milk serum.
Description and photo
Currently, dandelion - a fairly common plant, which is often found in forest glades, parks and gardens, near rivers and lakes.
Dandelion fruits are lightweight dry achenes with a white edge that are easily blown away with the slightest gust of wind. The period of its flowering falls in the spring - from April to May, and it bears fruit from June to September.
This medicinal plant contains bitterness, which allows it to be used to improve the absorption of food and normalize digestion. This action occurs by activating the production of gastric juice, which leads to an increase in bile secretion. It also has an anti-atherosclerotic effect, interferes with the absorption of harmful cholesterol, eliminates toxins and has a positive effect on the body.
The range of application of dandelion medicinal is wide. It has a soothing, choleretic, antiseptic and laxative effect. For medical purposes, dandelion tea is used, which brings significant benefits to the body.
It is used for jaundice, gastritis, digestive disorders and as a means of worms. You can use a variety of tea recipes:
- To two teaspoons of dried leaves, add 250 ml of boiling water and infuse for 10 minutes. Mix thoroughly, squeeze and add sugar. Take two or three times a day for a teaspoon of infusion.
- One teaspoon of dried roots pour only boiling water, leaving to infuse for 20 minutes. Eat per day no more than 3 times.
The contribution of dandelion to the cosmetology industry is invaluable. It has anti-inflammatory action, cleansing the face of non-aesthetic acne and blackheads.
Lotions and masks, in the composition of which this plant is present, give the skin elasticity and reduce the number of freckles
After that, gently strain the broth through the gauze, cool it and wipe the face with it.
Dandelions are made from a huge number of dishes: jelly, capers, jam, pancakes. Yellow flowers plants decorate dishes and add them to salads. In cooking, use and root, and leaves, and inflorescences of this amazing plant.
Boil 3 hard boiled eggs, chop, add leaves and grated horseradish. Add salt and sour cream.
Preparation and storage of medical raw materials
Dandelion stocking is a process that requires special attention. It should be collected on a sunny morning after the flowers open. Stems with leaves finely chopped, and the roots cleaned from the ground and tear from them the lateral processes. Then they need to be washed thoroughly, cut into pieces of 5-10 cm and dried well. Drying should be carried out in areas with good air circulation or in special dryers. Store medicinal raw materials recommended in canvas bags, boxes of wood or cardboard. Dandelion expiration date to 5 years.