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Beladonna plant: properties, benefits and dangers, application in magic

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“Beautiful woman” - this is the name of this plant. Ordinary belladonna (Belladonna) or Krasuha, or sleepy stupor, or mad berry, or Mad cherry - Atropa belladonna L., belonging to the family Solanaceae - Solanaceae, got its name due to the fact that it was used by the beauties of Ancient Rome to expand pupils and give mysterious shine eyes. The plant is extremely poisonous to humans, but completely harmless to wild birds who love to feast on its fruits. But, despite the toxicity, belladonna is a medicinal plant, the properties of which are used in official and folk medicine to treat diseases of the heart, nervous system, eyes, gastrointestinal tract, and poisoning with certain substances.

Biological description

Juniper is a perennial herb that reaches a height of two meters, with a powerful, many-headed rhizome. The stem is straight, thick, forked branching, covered with fluffy glandular hairs in the upper part. The lower leaves are short, alternately arranged, the upper ones are almost opposite, in each pair one leaf is three times larger than the other. The shape of the leaves is ovate, sharpened at the top, the edge is solid.

The flowers are drooping, arranged one at a time or two in the forks of the stem and at the base of the leaves, on pubescent pedicels. The shape of the flowers is regular, the five-membered flowers have a double perianth. The corolla is brown-violet or dirty-purple, bell-shaped, 2-3 cm long.

The fruit of the belladonna is a juicy purple-black shiny berry, located in a cup, which remains after breaking the berries. Inside are small flat seeds. The belladonna blossoms from June to August, the fruits ripen from July.

The plant has a disjunctive (intermittent) area of ​​distribution, which consists of several separate growing areas in the Crimea, the Caucasus, Western Ukraine, and Western Europe. At present, the wild belladonna is practically not harvested, as it is under protection, to obtain raw materials for medicinal purposes, the plant has been introduced into culture.

Collecting and harvesting

When harvesting raw materials, belladonna follow the precautions due to the poisonousness of the plant: they work with gloves, you should not touch the eyes and lips during the collection, after completing the work, you should thoroughly wash your hands and face with soap and water.

Three types of raw materials are subject to preparation: grass, leaves and roots. From the beginning of the budding stage to the beginning of fruiting, the leaves are harvested, manually breaking them up to five times during the growing season. During the fruiting period, the above-ground part of the plant is mowed down, leaving a stem about 10 cm high. After the final harvest of the grass, after 3-5 years of using the plantation, before its elimination, the plant roots are dug out with the help of mechanized means. The roots are cleaned from the ground, washed, removed small, large cut lengthwise.

Dry raw materials quickly, in artificial dryers at a temperature of 40-45 degrees.

Dried raw materials are stored in a dry place for two years, according to list B (potent raw materials containing alkaloids).

Chemical composition

All parts of belladonna contain tropane alkaloids - scopolamine and hyoscyamine. The main one is the optically active hyoscyamine, when released from vegetable raw materials, goes into optically inactive atropine. Roots contain alkaloid radobelin. In addition to alkaloids, steroids, flavonoids, phenolic acids, derivatives of kaempferol, quercetin, aliphatic alcohols and oxycoumarins are found in the plant.

Beneficial features

Pharmacological effects on the body of Belladonna preparations are due to the action of hyoscyamine alkaloids (atropine) and scopolamine; they have a central and peripheral M-anticholinergic effect, which is manifested in a decrease in the tone of the muscles of the internal organs, a decrease in the secretion of glands, and arousal of the central nervous system.

Drugs of belladonna affect these body systems:

  • The central nervous system - excite it, activating mental and physical activity, increase endurance and performance.
  • Digestive - suppress the motor function of the gastrointestinal tract, relieve spasm, reduce the secretion of salivary and gastrointestinal glands, pancreas.
  • The organs of vision - expand the pupil, which is used to diagnose various eye diseases.
  • Respiratory - excite the respiratory center, stimulate breathing, expand the bronchi.
  • Cardiovascular - improve cardiac conduction, increase heart rate.

Medical applications

The pharmaceutical industry produces such preparations of the belladonna ordinary:

  • Atropine sulfate, tablets of 0.0005 g are used for stomach ulcers, pylorospasm, spasms of the biliary tract and intestines, chronic gastritis and colitis, cholangitis, renal colic, bradycardia.
  • Atropine sulfate, injection solution 0.1% - prescribed to relieve spasms of internal organs, before performing operations and anesthesia to reduce the secretion of glands and prevent spasm of the respiratory tract. The introduction of atropine before radiological examination of the gastrointestinal tract helps to reduce the motility of the stomach and intestines. In psychiatry, the solution is prescribed to patients with schizophrenia and manic-depressive psychosis. In addition, atropine sulfate is administered to patients as an antidote (antidote) for organophosphate poisoning, prozerin, morphine, fungi.
  • Atropine sulfate, eye drops 1%, eye ointment 1% - prescribed for the expansion of the pupil in the study of the fundus of the eye, with eye diseases (iritis, iridocyclitis, keratitis) to give the eyes a functional rest.
  • Belladonna tincture - antispasmodic, is part of the combined drugs: drops Zelenin, Valocormid, gastric drops (used as a sedative for increased excitability, vegetative-vascular dystonia, spasms of the digestive tract).
  • Dry and thick belladonna extracts, which are obtained from herbs and leaves of the plant, are used to prepare combined drugs: Bécarbon, Besalol, Bellalgin and Bellastezin tablets are used in gastritis, stomach and intestinal spasms, Teofedrin tablets are prescribed to relieve bronchospasm, Anusol candles, Betiol candles with belladonna extract used to treat hemorrhoids.
  • Solutan is a combination drug containing radobelin, an alkaloid of belladonna root. Solutan is prescribed for the treatment of asthma and bronchitis, it has a bronchodilator and expectorant effect.
  • The collection of anti-asthma - it includes the leaves of belladonna, henbane and dope. The collection is set on fire and the resulting smoke is inhaled during attacks of bronchial asthma.
  • Aeron - tablets for the treatment of airborne and seasickness, their active ingredients are alkaloids scopolamine and hyoscyamine.
  • Belladonna is a part of homeopathic preparations that are used in the treatment of nervous diseases, diseases of the stomach and intestines, respiratory tract.
  • Urobesal - tablets used to treat diseases of the urinary system and intestines.
  • Akliman, dragee - a combined drug, which includes alkaloid root belladonna. It is used for menopausal disorders, accompanied by disorders of the nervous system.
  • Scopolamine hydrobromide, injection solution 0.05% - used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, relieving withdrawal symptoms, in sea and air diseases, in preparation for operations. Eye drops 0.25% prescribed for the expansion of the pupil in the diagnosis of eye diseases, as well as in the treatment of uveitis, iridocyclitis.

Harm and contraindications

Beladonna is an extremely poisonous plant, therefore its use is contraindicated in children, pregnant and lactating women. Also, belladonna preparations should not be used in patients suffering from glaucoma, prostatic hypertrophy, obstructive diseases of the urinary tract and intestines, coronary heart disease, tachycardia. With caution prescribed belladonna drugs for the elderly.

With an overdose of drugs Belladonna dry mouth, dilated pupils, impaired urination, heart palpitations are noted. When large doses of belladonna enter the body, there is a loss of consciousness, hallucinations, and death is possible.

In case of poisoning with belladonna preparations it is necessary:

  • call an ambulance,
  • wash the stomach,
  • take activated carbon and strong tea (it contains tannin, which promotes the precipitation of alkaloids),
  • introduce antagonist drugs, such as prozerin,
  • when cardiac arrest and respiration are resuscitation.

You should be especially careful while walking with children: the belladonna berries look very attractive, but two fruits are a lethal dose for a small child.

Folk recipes

Traditional medicine recommends the use of such drugs belladonna:

  • Infusion of leaves - with depression, neuralgia, pulmonary tuberculosis, convulsions.
  • Leaves tincture - inside with intestinal colic, insomnia, diarrhea. Outwardly in the form of compresses for tumors and infiltrates.
  • Broth roots - inside with Parkinson's disease, neuralgia. Outwardly - with rheumatism and gout.
  • Fresh leaves - impose on the tumor, used to treat skin diseases.

Application in other industries

In veterinary medicine decoction and infusion belladonna used as a painkiller, however, it should be remembered that the excess dosage can lead to poisoning of horses, poultry, cattle. Insensitive to belles deer.

Infusion and decoction can also be used to kill fleas and other harmful insects.

Growing up

Bella is a heat-loving plant, for its cultivation requires a climate with a mild and snowy winter. Otherwise, the plant may freeze at low temperatures. The site for planting is sunny, since a sufficient amount of alkaloids is not formed in the shade. Sowing seeds begin when the soil warms up well, the better the land is plowed, the more powerful the belladonna root system will develop.

The soil should be fertile, permeable to air and moisture. With a lack of watering belladonna will have small and weak leaves. It is very good to add mineral fertilizers to the soil. Periodically it is recommended to loosen the soil and weed weeds, so that young plants develop better.

Interesting Facts

It is believed that the Latin name of the belladonna - Atropa - comes from the name of the goddess of fate Atropa. When the time allotted for a man to life ended, the goddess cut the thread of life with her scissors and the man died. This name also indicates the poisonous properties of the plant, which frightened and repelled people. The belladonna was considered a magical plant, in the Middle Ages there was a belief that a witch's brew made from belladonna could turn a person into a witch. For a long time, traditional medicine used belladonna limitedly because of the fear of its poisonous properties.

What is a belladonna plant

The flowers are purple, large and beautiful. The berries of this plant are very dangerous for human health, leading to severe poisoning, and animals and birds feed on them without consequences.

The appearance of the berries resemble wild cherry, the same round dark purple fruit. It tastes sweetish, and inside there are many bones. But the leaves are the most useful part of the plant, it is they who are most often used by people for medicinal purposes.

Belladonna leaves look elegant, oval-shaped with pointed tips, the color is dark green. They are collected during the period of active flowering - in August or September, very carefully, because they are also very poisonous. You can meet the belladonna in open glades near the forest, it is most common in Central Asia, in the mountains and in America.

Useful qualities

Its properties are due to the content of alkaloids in it - atropine, atropamine, hyoscyamine, which have a wide spectrum of action. Grass has the following effects on the human body:

  • bronchodilator
  • analgesic,
  • against antispasmodic,
  • stimulating for the heart
  • normalizing the digestive tract and urinary system.

But since the plant extract is very poisonous, it should be taken only at an acceptable dosage. Any excess can lead to difficulty or stop breathing.

Medical applications

Belladonna is used to make tinctures, tablets, extracts. These drugs are often prescribed to relieve the symptoms of the following diseases:

  1. Inflammations of internal organs, gastric and intestinal ulcers, epilepsy, muscle pain,
  2. In ophthalmology for the treatment of eye diseases. Contraindication: increased intraocular pressure,
  3. To reduce sweating, improve the secretion of salivary glands,
  4. Helps restore urinary tract motility, excretion of bile,
  5. For the treatment of asthma, a collection containing the leaves of belladonna and henbane is used.

Homeopathic Properties of Belladonna

In homeopathy, belladonna has been used for a long time, it is part of the means for the treatment of:

  • rheumatism,
  • gastrointestinal tract diseases
  • respiratory diseases
  • treatment of diseases of the genitourinary system
  • with neurosis and other problems with the nervous system.

It should be strictly followed when using the dosage: one drop of tincture goes to 60 ml of water. You can apply an increased dosage for the treatment of enuresis, migraine and epileptic seizures - in proportions to a drop of belladonna 30 drops of water.

The magical properties of the plant

In ancient times, this amazing plant was part of the "witch" ointment, which had magical properties. With her help, the witch had the opportunity to fly a broomstick. And sorcerers effectively used this composition for targeting deadly spells.

According to another belief, belladonna helped in the fight against witchcraft. It was believed that if a wreath of leaves of this plant was worn on the head, a person would be protected from magical effects. They also gave protection to pets, for this they wove collars and dressed them. This allowed to protect the animal from the control of magicians.

Salvation with the help of belladonna women found themselves recognized by witches. Before burning, they drank the extract of the plant and left for another without torment. Interestingly, in ancient times another poisonous plant, aconite, was used to treat belladonna poisoning. This can be read in old recipes.

Cooking means with belladonna

Medicinal infusions are easy to prepare at home, but it must comply with all safety measures. The most commonly used decoction and tincture of herbs.

1. To prepare the tincture will need: 10 grams of leaves, 100 ml of pure alcohol. The mixture is placed in a glass jar and put in a dark place for a week. After that, the tincture is filtered. When pain in the kidneys, cholecystitis is taken 5 - 10 drops of the drug, diluted in water. With diarrhea, colic and sleep problems, you can take 5 to 10 drops. Also externally infusion pounded problem areas for tumors and infiltration.

2. Belladonna decoction prepared from the roots. To do this, take 10 grams of the product and pour a glass of boiled water. Half an hour the composition is heated on fire, then cooled for 10 - 15 minutes and filtered. If your joints ache, you can make compresses based on the decoction: gauze is soaked in liquid and applied to the sore spot.

Experts advise very carefully to treat such treatment, so as not to get poisoned. If this does happen, it is urgent to drink a solution of potassium permanganate and induce vomiting. And be sure to consult a doctor!

Plant belladonna.

Belladonna, or sleepy stupor, was known to the medical world for about 1500 years BC. Venetians called this plant "herba bella donna" because the ladies used it in distilled water as a cosmetic. The plant, especially the leaves, contains the well-known atropine, as well as asparagine, further lime and other alkaline substances. The root also contains atropine, albeit in different proportions. Belladonna is very poisonous to humans, although herbivores eat it with impunity.

Description of the plant belladonna

Belladonna or belladonna, as it is often called, is a perennial herb, 1-2 meters high. This plant belongs to the family Solanaceae. Belladonna has a strong many-headed rhizome, which resembles a cylinder with a diameter of about 8 cm in appearance. The roots of the plant are very powerful and branched. The stem of the plant is green (and sometimes with a purple tinge) is always straight, with many branches.
The leaves have a pointed and egg-shaped belladonna, the color of the leaves is dark green. The lower and upper leaves vary in size. The upper leaves are arranged in pairs, while the lower leaves are alternately.

Belladonna can be recognized by the flowers: they are very large (3 cm) brown-violet color on the outside, and dirty yellow inside. Плод белладонны – черная глянцевитая ягода, напоминающая по виду обычную вишню. Ягода состоит из двух гнезд, имеет много семян. Вкус ягоды сладковатый, а сок темно0фиолетового цвета.Black seeds are 2 mm long, both flat and with an uneven surface, angular or round.
Flowering plants depends on the year of life. For example, if a plant is in the first year of vegetation, then it blooms in August, and if it is older, then flowering begins in May and lasts until the end of the vegetation period.

Belladonna (belladonna): healing properties

Fruit ripening occurs from July to September.

Belladonna - a plant that is very common in the mountains of the Crimea, the Caucasus and the Carpathians. But still this poisonous plant grows in Asia Minor, Afghanistan, South America, Pakistan and the USA.
The plant can grow both singly and in the form of thickets on the outskirts of expensive glades and forest edges. Belladonna grows in moist, humus and loose soil. No matter how surprising, but this poisonous and dangerous plant is listed in the Red Book.
Belladonna belongs to poisonous plants, it has all parts of the plant, including the fruits, which are poisonous. There have been cases when people have been poisoned by honey, which was produced from belladonna pollen.

Belladonna is very dangerous for children, only 2 berries of this “mad cherry” will lead to the death of the child. But the birds do not care for this berry, thrush, starlings and other birds can safely eat this berry.

Signs of belladonna poisoning are dry mouth, a scratching pain in the throat with difficulty swallowing, thirst, vomiting, dizziness and headache. Then hallucinations are detected with bouts of violent insanity, and then death begins in 3-15 hours. A very characteristic feature is sharply dilated pupils, which increase very soon after belondia poisoning. At the first signs of poisoning, first aid should be given immediately.

The leaves and other parts of the belladonna contain biologically active tropane alkaloids, mainly atropine and hyoscyamine. Atropine and hyoscyamine are tropine and tropic acid alcohol esters. In addition to them, the plant contains hyoscyamine N-oxide, hyoscin (scopolamine), apoatropin (atropamine), belladonin, tropin, helaradine, traces of nicotine. Hyoscyamine makes up to 83-98% of all belladonna alkaloids. Atropine in belladonna contained in trace amounts, it is formed in the process of extraction of raw materials from hyoscyamine.
Belladonna leaves also contain tropic acid in its free state. In addition to tropin derivatives, norpecedotropin alkaloids, calistegins, accumulate in the roots of the belladonna common. Belladonna roots also contain the pyrrolidine alkaloid cuscgrin (bellaradine). In addition to alkaloids, the roots of belladonna contain volatile nitrogen-containing compounds in the form of bases (N-methylpyrrolidine, N-methylpyrroline, pyridine, tetramethyldiaminobutane). They are considered to be intermediates in the biosynthesis of tropane alkaloids.

The content of alkaloids in leaves harvested as medicinal raw materials should be at least 0.3%, usually ranging from 0.15 to 1–1.2%. The roots of the plant contain 0.4–1.5% of alkaloids, in the stem - 0.05–0.65%, in flowers - 0.24–0.6%, in unripe berries - 0.19%, in ripe berries - 0.21–0.7%, in seeds - 0.23–0.33%. The maximum amount of alkaloids in belladonna leaves accumulates during the budding and flowering of the plant.
The leaves belladonna found steroids (? Sitosterol), phenol carbonic acids and their derivatives (chlorogenic acid), and leukatropovaya oxalic acid, flavonoids (7-glucoside-3-ramnozilglaktozidy and 7-glucoside-3-ramnozilglyukozidy quercetin and kaempferol, metilkempferol 7 -methylquercetin), aliphatic hydrocarbons (n-nonacosan), alcohols, tannin. Steroid glycosides of spirostane type were isolated from belladonna seeds.

Medical applications

The medical use of the plant belladonna is due to the pharmacological action of its main “driving force” - alkaloids (and, in particular, atropine).
Their antispasmodic and analgesic properties are used to treat gastric and duodenal ulcers, chronic hyperacid (with an increase in gastric juice acidity) gastritis, as well as in diseases associated with smooth muscle spasms: pathologies of the gallbladder and its ducts, individual pancreatitis forms, intestinal colic, gallstone and urolithiasis. The pharmacological action of alkaloids can be used for bronchial asthma, hypersalivation and sweating.

Belladonna plant. A photo

Beladonna. Photo: Donald Macauley

Belladonna plant. Photo: pixsellr

Beladonna. Photo: peganum

Atropine solutions are used in ophthalmology in the treatment of a number of inflammatory diseases (keratitis, iritis, iridocyclitis), as well as for diagnostic purposes (fundus research, revealing true refraction).
Atropine is used as an antidote for cholinomimetic poisoning (acetylcholine), anticholinesterase substances and morphine.

In folk medicine, steamed leaves of this plant are used externally in the form of poultices as an anesthetic.
Preparations based on the plant belladonna can be found on the pharmacy shelves. First and foremost, it is atropine sulfate in the form of a solution for injection and eye drops. Considering the toxicity of this drug, it is stored in a pharmacy in a metal cabinet under lock, therefore, at home storage, you should also take care of its inaccessibility for the youngest households.
Next - belladonna extract (trade name - "belladonna extract"). Available in the form of rectal suppositories. There is also a thick extract of belladonna, but it is not for sale to the population, but for pharmacy manufacturing of extremonal dosage forms. The same can be said about the extract of belladonna dry.

Belladonna tincture is prepared in 40% ethanol. It is used as a "solo", and as part of combined forms, such as, for example, "Zelenin Drops".
Along with leaves of henbane and dope, belladonna leaves are part of the anti-asthmatic drug collection. This dosage form is more interesting for heavy smokers, as it is used in the form of cigarettes.

The use of the plant belladonna in homeopathy has a long history. It began to be applied in this field of medicine from its very foundation. Currently, homeopathic preparations of belladonna are used in the treatment of nervous diseases, respiratory diseases, rheumatism, diseases of the digestive tract and the genitourinary system.

Juniper (Belladonna)

A perennial plant of the family Solanaceae, grows up to 200 cm high, the fruit is a spherical black berry, blooms in late summer.

Spread. Belladonna is found in the forests of the Carpathians, in the Crimea.

Harvesting and storage. In medicine, the leaves and roots of the plant are used. The leaves are harvested during the active flowering of the belladonna. Further dried and stored for two years. The roots of the plant are dug in spring and autumn. Raw materials are washed, cut into pieces up to 3 cm, dried.

Chemical composition. The plant contains alkaloids: atropine, hyoscyamine, scopolamine, etc.

Pharmacology. The effects of plant drugs due to the presence of atropine.

Belladonna (belladonna) poisonous plant with healing properties

The plant exhibits antispasmodic and analgesic effect, reduces the activity of the endocrine glands, dilates the pupils of the eyes, expands the bronchi with spasms, reduces intestinal motility, reduces the heart rate.

Atropine used in ophthalmology: diagnostics (iritis, iridocyclitis, keratitis), treatment and prevention of eye fatigue, during the physical correction of the eye muscles, large turns of the bates method.

Atropine is prescribed for asthma as an antispasmodic, as well as for gastric ulcer, gastritis, intestinal spasms, renal colic, hepatic colic. It is used for certain types of bradycardia, with atrioventricular block, with a heart attack, angina pectoris.

Belladonna preparations are recommended for disorders of the nervous system, allergies, insomnia, tuberculosis, for the treatment of Parkinson's disease and parkinsonism of various etiologies.

As an antidote, atropine is used in poisoning with morphine and other toxic substances. Also used in the poisoning of mushrooms.

In folk medicine, decoction of the roots of the commoner is used to treat rheumatism, gout, neuralgia, as an external remedy for pain relief.

Contraindications. Beladonna preparations are not used during pregnancy and breastfeeding, with organic changes in the heart vessels, and with glaucoma.

Belladonna (belladonna) - deadly poisonous plant. When collecting, harvesting, processing, storage and pharmaceutical activities mandatory implementation of cautionary actions.

The first signs of poisoning: dizziness, dilated pupils, increased heart rate, decreased sweating - you must immediately call a doctor.

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Description of belles

Belladonna has thickened long stems (0.5 - 2 meters), dotted with many straight branches, on which large leaves (10-20 cm), flowers and fruits are located. The plant itself is usually painted in dark green color. But the color of the fruit as it ripens varies from green to dark purple, and the flowers are completely colored yellow-brown.

Belladonna poisoning

All parts of the plant are poisonous. And since their fruits look very tempting, there are often cases of poisoning. Symptoms are fever, dry mouth, redness of the skin, dilated pupils, vision problems, heart palpitations with mild poisoning and weak ones with severe (in this case, blood pressure also drops). In addition, there may be strong arousal, delusions, hallucinations, and even rabies. Because of this, the plant, by the way, is called rabid.

Generally speaking, this plant is deadly poisonous. However, in small doses, it does not lead to death. In addition, there are many drugs that block the destructive action of poison. The main thing - time to ask for medical help.

If poisoned

Belladonna, or belladonna, is easy to confuse with wild cherry. True, her taste is sweet, without sourness. But the consequences can be fatal: severe poisoning occurs if the child eats only 2-3 berries, and an adult - 10-20 berries.

Therefore, the advice to not eat unknown berries is more relevant than ever. Especially since the belladonna juice, remaining on the hands, can also be harmful to yourself by touching the face, mouth or eyes.

Symptoms of poisoning

Since the whole plant is poisonous, you can poison yourself with any part of it. Most often, poisoning occurs when eating berries. You can get poisoned by using belladonna as part of tinctures, ointments, decoctions, or by using drugs, of which belladonna is a part. The parasympathetic and central nervous system is affected.

Signs begin to appear 15-20 minutes after ingestion:

  1. throat spasm
  2. constricted breathing
  3. mucous membranes of the mouth are dry,
  4. loss of voice
  5. pupils grow and stop responding to light
  6. high temperature
  7. desire to drink, nausea, vomiting,
  8. a significant decrease in urine waste and a decrease in intestinal activity,
  9. low pressure,
  10. the number of heartbeats rises to 140-150 per minute,
  11. dyspnea,
  12. the color of the lips and mucous membranes is blue,
  13. loss of orientation in space
  14. motor restlessness, convulsions, memory loss. Then a person falls into a sleepy state, a lethargy appears,
  15. confusion, hallucinations. Poisoning is like an acute psychosis.

First aid

The first thing to do is call an ambulance. But you can independently help the patient:

  1. Wash the stomach - a weak solution of potassium permanganate, boiled water (or slightly salted water solution). The procedure is best carried out several times.
  2. You can offer the victim activated carbon at the rate of 1 tablet per 10 kg of weight. Coal is better to grind and mix with water. This solution needs to be drunk.
  3. With a significant increase in temperature, wet sheets are recommended for wrapping and wiping with wet towels. Ice can be applied to the head.
  4. With strong arousal, Corvalol or Valocordin is indicated.

Treatment of poisoning

Appeal to doctors necessarily. After all, only a doctor can assess the condition of the patient (it can only look like a lung), determine the treatment, its urgency and volume.

In the hospital, it is necessary to wash the stomach, administer an antidote (1% solution of Pilocarpine, a solution of 0.05% Prozerin, or a 1% solution of Ezerin). The antidote is injected subcutaneously. Also, symptoms of mental arousal are removed.

If the respiratory function is impaired, but the person can breathe, use an oxygen mask. If the patient cannot breathe on his own, he is connected to a ventilator. Rest and bed rest is prescribed for at least a week.

There is no industrial harvesting of this plant, even in Soviet times, the belladonna was listed in the Red Book of Ukraine. Dresser grows mainly in beech forests of Western Ukraine, which are mercilessly cut down. And along with them, this plant disappears. In the medical whole collect only the roots and leaves. Harvesting plants are only manual.

The leaves are harvested during the flowering period (June, July). It is advisable to time the beginning of the collection to the full moon - then the plant will fully show all its properties. As the plant grows from one plant, the leaves can be plucked several times - from two to five. The root time is autumn, the second half of October, November, when the plant “fell asleep”. It is possible to prepare roots in early spring (late March, April), when sap flow was not yet started. The roots are dug out with a shovel, the ground is shaken off, they are cut (if the rhizome is thick, cut lengthwise), washed under cold water.

The plant, the roots of which are dug, must be at least two years old. The leaves are pre-healed, then dried in a well-ventilated, devoid of direct sunlight place - for example, in the shade, under a canopy or in the attic. The temperature at the same time should be 30-40 ° C, it is gradually raised to 60 ° C.

Raw materials are laid out in a thin layer and left to dry completely. The roots are crushed into pieces with a length of 10-15 cm, dried under a canopy or in a heated room. The crushed raw materials are packed in bags of 10, 25, 50 and 100 kg. Shelf life of leaves - 2 years, roots - 3.

Medicinal properties

The famous advice to treat such like in the case of belladonna comes in handy. This poisonous plant can be beneficial in such cases:

  • removal of smooth muscle spasms,
  • improvement of the heart,
  • reduction of intraocular pressure
  • pain relief of renal colic, symptoms of gallstone disease, stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers,
  • reducing the tone of the uterus, bronchi,
  • normalization of intestinal motility,
  • in the treatment of protracted cough,
  • with excessive sweating in tuberculosis patients,
  • for pupil dilation in ophthalmology.
In homeopathy, belladonna is a popular and favorite remedy. With its help, you can alleviate the condition or get rid of:

  • acute febrile states
  • sore throats
  • flu
  • stop the initial stages of abscess,
  • ear infections
  • throbbing headaches
  • convulsions in children at high temperature
  • teething pain,
  • with vomiting from fear or nervousness.

In the past, it was used against rabies. The belladonna is widely used in folk medicine.

  1. Bronchospasm. Chop dried dried up leaves to the state of powder, take on the tip of a knife. Take three times a day half an hour before meals with water. The course of treatment is a week.
  2. Excessive sweating. The collection of belladonna, mint, valerian and motherwort is mixed in equal proportions (1 teaspoon each). Then pour 750 ml of boiling water and insist 3-4 hours. Infusion take 1 teaspoon 2 times a day.
  3. From slow heartbeat (bradycardia). To prepare the necessary May lily (2 tbsp. Spoons), valerian (1 tbsp. Spoon), belladonna and menthol (2 tsp.). This mixture of herbs placed in a glass container, pour 1 liter of vodka, leave in a dark place for a month. Take 3 times a day, 30 drops. Store tincture in a cool place.
  4. Parkinson's disease. Combine a cup of powdered activated carbon with 30 g of dry belladonna roots, 3 cups of white dry wine. Simmer this mixture for 8-10 minutes, strain. Take 1 teaspoon 3 times a day, half an hour before meals.

Indications for use

  • Renal and biliary colic, bradycardia, bowel and biliary tract spasms, colitis, gastritis, gastric ulcer, cholangitis - "Atropine sulfate", tablets of 0.0005 g.
  • Vegetative-vascular dystonia, irritability, gastrointestinal spasms - tincture of belladonna.
  • Bronchial asthma, bronchitis - "Solutan" (combined preparation containing extract of belladonna roots), "Collection of anti-asthma" (belladonna, henbane and dope).
  • Diseases of the urinary tract and intestines - "Urobesal".
  • Parkinson's disease, motion sickness, relief of withdrawal syndrome - "Scopolamine hydrobromide", injection solution 0.05%.
  • Hemorrhoid treatment - candles "Anuzol", "Betiol", candles with belladonna extract.
  • Arthritis, arthritis - homeopathic medicine "Belladonna".
  • Prostatitis - candles with belladonna extract.

Contraindications and harm

Yet bellow is a very strong poison. But there are always categories of people in the treatment of diseases or the relief of which the belladonna is simply contraindicated:

  • pregnant and lactating women
  • elderly people,
  • glaucoma,
  • tachycardia,
  • arrhythmia,
  • ischemic heart disease, atherosclerosis and other organic diseases of the cardiovascular system,
  • exhaustion.

Belladonna - as a double-edged sword. She can hit the enemy (the disease) and, through carelessness or ignorance, can get hurt herself. The key concepts here are knowledge and skills.

general information

This is a perennial plant, reaching a height of 2 meters. Most often for healing purposes, powerful belladonna roots and its leaves are used, less often - the stem. The most poisonous part of the plant are its berries. The photo clearly shows what the fruits of belladonna look like. These are glossy black balls, sweetish in taste. Only 2-3 berries can be a lethal dose for humans, but birds feed on them without fear.

Belladonna grass blooms in the first year of life in August, and in subsequent years - from late spring to early autumn. Fruits from July to September.

The name belladonna appeared in this plant thanks to Karl Lynne. In the Middle Ages women used herbalbone tincture in their eyes, which made them glisten stronger, the pupils dilated, and the look became more expressive. This technique was used as decoration. That is why Karl Linnaeus decided to associate the name of the plant with the phrase "bella donna", which means "beautiful woman". Belle is a name more approximate to the Russian language.

Origin and distribution

Historians found the first mentions of this plant in documents dating from the 4th-3rd centuries BC. In the old times, tinctures from belladonna treated tumors and ulcers, not forgetting also about the hallucinogenic properties of the plant. Popular and very effective poisons from this plant.

Now the belladonna grows in many European countries, and in Russia - only in the Caucasus and Crimea. But belladonna is the basis for many popular medical products, for which natural raw materials are not enough. Therefore, the plant is artificially grown in many regions - in Europe, Africa, America, Asia and in the Krasnodar Territory of the Russian Federation. Belladonna grass is thermophilic, therefore for its cultivation certain conditions are necessary. With proper care, leaves are harvested 3-4 times a year.

The photo shows a belladonna, the flower of which has already blossomed. Usually they have a brown or dirty-purple hue. To create medicines, flowers of this plant are usually not used.

Medicinal properties

Belladonna is widely used for medical purposes. It owes its healing properties primarily to the alkaloids that make up it, and specifically to atropine. Under its action, the activity of transmission of nerve impulses weakens, which, respectively, reduces pain. In addition, it reduces the tone of the smooth muscles of human organs.

The property, marked by medieval beauties, is still used today. Eye drops, which include atropine, contribute to the expansion of the pupil. This effect is familiar to all who underwent a comprehensive examination by an oculist.

The main actions of atropine on the human body are listed:

  1. Stimulates the respiratory system.
  2. Increases the number of heartbeats per minute.
  3. It inhibits the function of various glands, reducing the secretion of saliva, sweat and gastric juice.
  4. Increases nervous irritability. Overdose can lead to convulsions.

Despite the abundance of healing properties, do not forget that in large doses, belladonna is deadly.

What diseases fights

The field of application of belladonna in medicine is very wide. Therefore, all its actions against various diseases are better to bring in the form of a list:

  1. Relieves spasms in the respiratory system during bronchial asthma.
  2. Increases the contraction of the heart in pathologies of the circulatory system (angina, bradycardia).
  3. It has an antispasmodic effect in digestive diseases (gastritis, ulcers, pancreatitis, colic and colitis).
  4. Reduces the activity of sweat and lacrimal glands with their increased secretion.
  5. Used to remove depression, reduce symptoms of Parkinson's disease and cerebral palsy.
  6. Atropine films are used to combat chronic aphthous stomatitis,
  7. It is an antidote for poisoning by mushrooms, antidepressants, organophosphates.
  8. Used to prepare for anesthesia or surgery as a substance that reduces spasm of the larynx and bronchi and reduces the activity of the glands.

Belladonna extract is also used in homeopathy and is part of the medicine to fight insomnia, motion sickness and Meniere's disease.

Medications

Belladonna grass is not included in the composition of medicinal fees, since the uncontrolled intake is dangerous for human health substance. However, there are a large number of pharmacy preparations with belladonna:

  1. Belladonna tincture, used as an antispasmodic and a means to increase heart rate with a low pulse.
  2. Medicines for the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - "Bekarbon", "Bepasal", "Besalol", "Bellastezin", "Gastric tablets".
  3. From bronchitis and asthma - Solutan.
  4. From hemorrhoids and cracks in the anus - rectal candles "Betiol" and "Anuzol."
  5. In neurology, Bellataminal is used.
  6. With intoxication, encephalitis and parkinsonism - "Corbella".
  7. Atropine sulfate - has a wide spectrum of action.

Despite the fact that most of these drugs can be purchased without a prescription, it is recommended to consult a doctor before use.

Belladonna: instructions for creating tincture and decoction

Despite the fact that there are a large number of drugs based on belladonna, some prefer to prepare infusions at home. It is not recommended to do this, because you can easily make a mistake and get a serious poisoning.

The following are recipes for those who still decided:

  1. Put 5 grams of the crushed plant root into enameled dishes, add 100 ml of white wine and some animal charcoal (0.09 grams). Boil for 10 minutes, then leave for 2 hours. Strain. The resulting broth is taken by adults for 1 teaspoon per day, gradually increasing the dose to two. Store no more than 2 weeks in a dark cool place.
  2. Belladonna leaves mixed with alcohol (40%) in proportions of 1:10. Let it stand. Take for adults 5-10 drops, children 1-5 drops (1 drop per 10 kg of weight).

Despite the fact that the recipes are still given, it is absolutely not recommended to use the tinctures on their own, especially in the case of children.

Belladonna: use without consequences

In addition to the obvious lack of belladonna - the poisonous component - it is worth noting also some limitations in taking medications with it. Belladonna ordinary strictly contraindicated for pregnant and lactating women, as well as those who have an individual intolerance or hypersensitivity to any element of the drug. Therefore, the medication is started with minimal doses to prevent overdose.

You can not use drugs that include belladonna grass, people with serious diseases of the cardiovascular system, glaucoma, exhaustion, and some kidney diseases. In addition, in the period of use of such drugs is not recommended to get behind the wheel and engage in activities that require high concentration of attention and clarity of vision.

Healing qualities

What are the healing properties of a plant? Belladonna contains the hyoscyamine alkaloid. Atropine is the most important plant alkaloid with neurogenic and antispasmodic properties. It reduces the tone of the bronchi, uterus, intestines and other smooth muscle organs. All alkaloids contained in belladonna can increase intraocular pressure and dilate pupils, improve heart activity.

Take a good look at the photo of the poisonous plant belladonna. You need to remember it, because the belladonna can only be used for its intended purpose. Pharmacological effects on the body containing its drugs, due to the action of the alkaloids of scopolamine and atropine (hyoscyamine). They have a peripheral and central M-anticholinergic effect, which is manifested by excitation of the central nervous system, a decrease in the secretion of glands and a decrease in the tone of the internal organs. Drugs with belladonna affect the following body systems:

  • Digestive - reduce the secretion of the gastrointestinal and salivary glands, pancreas, suppress the motor function of the gastrointestinal tract, relieve spasm.
  • The central nervous system - excites it, activating physical and mental activity, increases efficiency and endurance.
  • Cardiovascular - adjust the conductivity of the heart and increase the frequency of its contractions.
  • Organs of view - expand the pupil. This property of the plant is used to diagnose various eye ailments.
  • Respiratory - expand the bronchi, excite the respiratory center, regulate breathing.

Medicinal tincture

Belladonna tincture is used as an anesthetic drug for cholecystitis, a calculous or kidney stone disease. Cooking is easy. Take 10 g of the leaves of the plant and fill with 0.5 st. alcohol 96%. Remove the tincture for 7 days in a dark room. Then strain it and take for pain 5-10 drops.

Another drug

From the leaves of belladonna (10 g) and alcohol 40% (100 ml) make tincture. Take it 5-10 drops for insomnia, diarrhea and colic. Outwardly, it can be used for infiltration, tumor and breast cancer.

Parkinson's disease cure

Make belladonna decoction using the following technology:

  • Mix dried and shredded belladonna leaves (30 g) with activated carbon (100 g).
  • Fill the mixture with white dry wine (750 ml) and set on fire.
  • Boil for 10 minutes and then remove from heat.
  • Strain the finished decoction.

Take this brew three times before meals daily for 1 tsp. The course of treatment is three days. When after taking the broth will be three hours, eat a pinch of nutmeg or slightly chew calamus root.

Help with poisoning

To take drugs from belladonna must be carefully and only under the supervision of a doctor, because it is very poisonous. After eating the berries of this plant is poisoning the body. When the belladonna is collected on the plantations, because they touch their hands and then touch their face, a toxic effect on the human body occurs. Signs of belladonna poisoning are as follows:

  • face redness
  • blurred vision
  • pupils dilated,
  • there is a rash on the body,
  • dryness is observed in the nasal and oral cavity
  • headache, hallucinations,
  • there is diarrhea and vomiting,
  • hoarse voice
  • hard to swallow.

The very first solution for belladonna poisoning is to call an ambulance. Before the arrival of the doctor make the affected person gastric lavage. To do this, make him drink 250-1250 ml of a weak ordinary tea or a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

Poisonous alkaloids will contact with tannin, which will not allow them to be further absorbed into the stomach. Then, if a person is poisoned, he will vomit - this is normal. After the person drank the solution of potassium permanganate, do the following: crumble 20-30 tablets of activated charcoal and cover with cold water (200 ml), stir. Give this mixture a drink to the victim.

If necessary, flush the stomach again, but not earlier than one hour after the first rinse.

If you experience shortness of breath or palpitations, give the victim heart drops. If a person has stopped breathing or his heart has stopped, immediately take measures of resuscitation. Even if a person has improved health, he still needs to get to the clinic.

Botanical characteristic

There is the herb belladonna (belladonna) in the Carpathians, in some regions of the Caucasus and the Crimea. Culture grows well in humid loose soil, and most often it is found in beech forests. Sometimes belladonna can be seen in oak plantings, fir or hornbeam groves. Belladonna can grow alone or in the form of small thickets, having chosen places near the river, on clearings or forest edges. Belladonna has the characteristic features.

  • Stem. The dense and thick stalk of the belladonna can grow to a height of up to 90 cm. The branchy shoot has a greenish and sometimes purple color.
  • Leaves. Large leaves that have a dark green color, dotted with small glands and have a slightly pointed shape. They have a characteristic narcotic odor.
  • Flowers They bloom in the axils of the leaves. Inflorescences are located on small stalks. Drooping corollas have a bell-shaped form. Their color is brownish-purple, somewhat paler to the base of the flower.
  • Fruit. The berries are very similar in shape to the cherry. But significantly different from her color. Belladonna berries rich purple, sometimes even black. The fruits are shiny, juicy and very poisonous!
  • Root. The belladonna has a very powerful root system. During the first year a strong rod develops. In subsequent years, formed branched rhizome.

Proven healing properties of belladonna

The pharmacological capabilities of the plant are due to the main alkaloid of belladonna, atropine. It blocks specific (m-cholinergic) receptors, which causes a decrease in the activity of the digestive organs, isolation and reproduction, and the relative activation of the vegetative functions that provide the “hit-and-run” reaction. The use of belladonna vulgaris in medicine is dictated by the following cultural effects on the human body.

  • Antispasmodic properties. Atropine relaxes smooth muscles. Thus, he relieves spasms of the stomach, uterus, gallbladder, bronchi, urinary tract.
  • Reduced secretion of glands. Belladonna suppresses the secretion of glandular organs. Grass helps reduce saliva secretion, reduces sweating. The secretion of gastric juice and the production of pancreatic enzymes noticeably decreases.
  • Acceleration of the heartbeat. Belly can increase heart rate, which is very useful for slow rhythm, but extremely dangerous for tachycardia.
  • Stimulation of breathing. The belladonna preparations provide stimulation of the respiratory center. They effectively suppress bronchospasms, stop coughing. But in the case of an overdose can lead to respiratory paralysis.
  • Central effects. The effect of atropine on the higher parts of the central nervous system is weakly expressed, but in the event of an overdose it can provoke strong arousal, anxiety, and sometimes convulsions.
  • Pupil expansion. This property is in demand in ophthalmology for diagnostic studies of the eye.

What pathologies are treated by belladonna

What does belladonna cure, and for what diseases is belladonna demanded? In official medicine, preparations based on herbal raw materials are made that can help with a variety of diseases.

The main indications for the use of drugs belladonna following.

  • Respiratory pathology. Due to the antispasmodic effect and the suppression of the activity of the mucous glands of mucous membranes, the belladonna preparations can effectively stop laryngism or bronchospasm. Belladonna medications are in demand in the treatment of bronchial asthma.
  • Diseases of the digestive tract. Culture eliminates gastrointestinal spasms caused by ulcers, gastritis, spastic colitis, intestinal colic.
  • Heart Disease. Belladonna helps to cope with such ills as a blockade of the electrical conductivity of the heart, bradycardia, angina.
  • Endocrine disorders. The belladonna is recommended for the symptomatic treatment of patients suffering from excessive secretion of certain glands. For example, drugs will help with excessive sweating in the case of disorders of the thyroid gland.
  • Neurological problems. Belladonna is used to treat Parkinson's disease, vascular dystonia. The belladonna drugs help with paresis caused by cerebral palsy. They are used in psychiatry for the treatment of depression.
  • Gynecological conditions. In the form of suppositories, belladonna is used for uterine spasms. Prescribe medications during labor stimulation in order to regulate (streamline) labor activity.
  • Diseases of the urinary system, hemorrhoids. Suppositories help relieve spasms of the anus, urethra.

Danger of poisoning

The use of belladonna requires great care. The use of drugs is permissible only for the purpose of the doctor and strictly in prescribed dosages. Abuse can lead to side effects, manifested in dry mouth, tachycardia, difficulty urinating. Such symptoms should be immediately reported to the doctor and the doctor will select analogs of the prescribed medication.

With severe poisoning, hallucinations, clouding of consciousness, constipation, motor agitation and even mental illness can occur. If overdose symptoms occur, an ambulance should be promptly called. Meanwhile, the patient is given a cleansing enema at home and is allowed to drink four to five glasses of a weak solution of potassium permanganate. You can take activated carbon to absorb toxins.

Contraindications to the treatment of belladonna are the following states:

  • glaucoma,
  • hypertension,
  • rhythm and conduction disorders of the heart,
  • pregnancy (except the period of childbirth),
  • intestinal obstruction, intestinal atony,
  • individual intolerance,
  • bleeding.

Medicines based on vegetable raw materials

In official medicine, tablets, ointments, tinctures are made on the basis of belladonna. Такие средства, в связи с высокой отравляющей способностью, чаще всего отпускаются по рецепту врача. В аптеках можно найти следующие препараты на основе красавки.

  • Настойка красавки. The medicine is used as an antispastic agent. It is usually prescribed for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Instructions for use of tincture of belladonna recommends to use the tool for five to ten drops. Reception is repeated, depending on the pathology, twice or three times a day. Sometimes doctors may prescribe a maximum single dose of 23 drops (0.5 ml).
  • Extract belladonna. Make a thick and dry extract. Used tool for the treatment of ulcerative lesions, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, bradycardia.
  • "Bekarbon". These tablets are prescribed for intestinal cramps. Usually prescribed in one pill twice or three times a day.
  • "Besalol". Tablets are used for gastrointestinal ailments as an antiseptic and antispasmodic. It is often used in cases of poisoning and stool disorders.
  • Belloid. Such dragee is used for the treatment of functional disorders of the nervous system, allergic pathologies, insomnia, excessive excitability. The drug is in demand in gynecology with neurogenic disorders of the cycle. In the complex therapy prescribed for endocrine pathologies, heart disease, hyperthyroidism, excessive sweating on the background of tuberculosis.
  • Candles "Anuzol". Suppositories based on the extract of belladonna have a pronounced analgesic property. They are prescribed for hemorrhoids. They are able to reduce the discomfort caused by the cracks of the anus.

Use in traditional medicine

Belladonna demanded in the practice of folk healers. However, it should be remembered that all parts of the plant are very poisonous. In the manufacture of funds, even the slightest deviation from the recommended standards is fraught with poisoning. Therefore, it is completely undesirable to prepare such preparations independently. It is best to contact an experienced phytotherapist, who will make the right product and will recommend how to use belladonna. Folk remedies are used in various states.

  • Infiltrates, tumors. Healers claim that the leaves of belladonna attached to tumors in the mammary glands help to reduce the tumor and improve the patient's condition. Healers recommend tincture from the belladonna leaves for internal use in the treatment of oncology (as one of the directions of complex therapy), including ovarian cancer.
  • Parkinson's disease. Broth belladonna helps reduce the symptoms of the disease. After several steps, a significant decrease in limb tremor is observed.
  • Joint pain. To reduce discomfort in the joints, it is recommended to use decoction of belladonna roots. This tool rub painful areas. The decoction can be used to overlay compresses.
  • Prostatitis. For the treatment of such a pathology, candles may be prescribed by the belladonna, both pharmaceutical and cooked by healers. However, doctors argue that for the treatment of prostatitis there are more effective means than belladonna.

Reviews of preparations with belladonna show that therapy with such medicines is quite effective. In this case, not only drugs, but also folk remedies, have a positive effect, provided that they are used correctly and correctly. So, by decoction of leaves or fresh juice of belladonna, ugly pigment spots can be removed from the face.

Reviews: "The ulcer healed and there is no relapse"

Gastric tablets with an extract of belladonna. I treat my chronic gastritis systematically. But this time, as soon as the first symptoms of the disease appeared, I decided to try the folk treatment. Brewed chamomile, and in the pharmacy, on the advice, bought Gastric tablets on herbs. In addition to belladium, they have more wormwood and valerian. I made sure that the folk treatment is a great help for my problem, and the body will get some rest from the drugs.

My hemorrhoids started from sitting work, it’s good that I bought candles with belladonna extract - it helped me, not completely, but the symptoms made it much easier! No pain, no discomfort .. I’m a driver, so there’s no way to get away from work, of course, I twist the steering wheel ...

All of a sudden, my stomach began to hurt wildly in the center and to the left and during the examination I was diagnosed with an ulcer. Considering that this cancer of the stomach may not be the most pleasant disease at all, because at any moment the bleeding can begin, it has been intensively treated. The best medicine, in the opinion of the doctors and in my experience, is the belladonna extract. Healed so that now healed ulcer, and there is no recurrence.

Larisa Panova, https://www.piluli.ru/product/Krasavki_ehkstrakt/review

Not everyone wants to spread about their diseases and I, perhaps, will tell you a little, but understandable. Once served in the army and the service was associated with frequent missions and nervous tensions. Colleagues sometimes experienced disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, and there was no one to turn to except as a medical assistant. So we learned about the wonderful drug - "Bezalol". He helped trouble-free. Later, when it became possible to use pharmacies and pay for expensive imported drugs myself, I learned that in essence there are no competitors to besalol. With its correct use, without violating the diet and other strict prescriptions of the attending physician, the result of recovery will be provided.

About the drug Belloid, we learned recently. The fact is that for some time the behavior of our mother has become somewhat strange. She often became nervous over trifles, crying and hysteria. Tantrums ended, as a rule, with a tachycardia attack and an ambulance call. Therefore, we decided to show our mother to a neurologist. The doctor prescribed her a weekly course of treatment with Belloid pills. The positive effect of this drug was obvious. After the first week of treatment, we took a three-day break, and then to consolidate a positive result, we underwent a second week of treatment.

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