There are about 200 tons of varieties and species of plant honeysuckle, many of which have long been used in gardening. These are unpretentious, winter-hardy plants with beautiful, in some cases edible, fruits.
In the gardens one can find only an insignificant part of the ornamental species of this plant, for example, the honeysuckle Kaprifol and Tatar, despite the fact that their diversity is quite large.
Varieties and types
Honeysuckle Capricole - lush vine with large foliage of dark green color, billowing on the support up to 5 meters in height. Thin creamy-pink flowers appear in June, dissolving in the evening and exuding an excellent rich aroma, almost unnoticeable in the daytime.
After a certain time, they acquire a brown-yellow color. In the autumn season, the stems are decorated with orange-red berries.
Curly honeysuckle - more thermophilic in comparison with the previous view with overall flowers bearing honey, which causes considerable interest among bees.
Bright red berries are gathered in clusters, and flowers are color dependent on the variety. Many varieties such as Graham Thomas with flowers of yellow color, perfectly take root in the south of Russia.
Honeysuckle Tatar very popular with gardeners due to the abundance of flowering, even under conditions far from favorable. This shrub with dense branches can reach 4 meters in height, delighting in May with the scent of flowers, with shades from white to rich pink.
Blue Honeysuckle it has much smaller sizes - up to 1.5 m in height and width, dense crown and reddish stems. Early foliage blooming is painted in dark green at first, and in autumn it becomes green-yellow.
Small flowers in the shape of a funnel of a pale yellow or green white color exude a light aroma, and dark blue fruits with a bluish sputter are suitable for human consumption. Their bittersweet taste can be tasted at the beginning of July.
Decorative appearance of this species is also manifested in the stems - their color can vary from yellowish to brownish red.
Honeysuckle blue spindle - one of the most common varieties with a height of 2.5 meters. Its edible fruits have the shape of an elongated spindle up to 3 cm long, sweet and sour with a subtle bitterness to taste. Crohn - back conic, foliage - oval with elongation and sharpening at the apex.
Differs in rapid growth. This semi evergreen vine, blooms long and very fragrant in June and July. White-purple flowers do not appear annually, even in conditions of careful care, and therefore this species is recommended to grow as a houseplant.
Honeysuckle cap - A short (less than 30 cm tall) species originally from China, perfectly suitable for refining gardens and flower beds. It is applied on the Alpine hills. The flowers are white fragrant, the fruits are purple-violet (at home - in China).
Silginka honeysuckle - very tasty variety with sweet dark-blue berries and high rates of winter hardiness.
Brown Honeysuckle - A hybrid, reaching a height of 2 meters. During the abundant flowering from the first days of July, it is pleasing to the eye with the originality of the shape of the flowers of bright crimson color.
Forest Honeysuckle - a poisonous species familiar to everyone, wildly growing in the territory from Eastern Europe to Western Siberia, popularly called “wolf berries”. In mid-May blooms in white, pink and yellow. Fruits grow closer to July and may have a dark red, yellow and even black color.
It can be called a small tree with light gray bark, because it grows up to 6 meters in height. The flowers of white (yellowing over time) exude a very pleasant aroma, but unfortunately, as in the case of the forest species, the berries are not edible. Quite drought-resistant, frost-resistant and not capricious, with an average growth rate.
Of edible varieties should be noted varieties Honeysuckle Morena with bright green foliage, overall sour-sweet berries and honeysuckle nymph with pubescent shoots, dark green foliage, also large and similar in taste tart berries.
Honeysuckle amphora brings overall berries in the form of a jug, dessert sweet and sour to taste. Suitable for universal use.
Bakchar honeysuckle - with medium-sized berries in the form of a drop. According to taste characteristics, they are distinguished by the absence of bitterness, and in terms of crumbling, they are very good, since it is relatively small.
The bush itself grows 1.6 meters tall, has a rounded crown and light green foliage. Suitable for dessert use and the formation of plant fences.
Honeysuckle shiny - evergreen 2-meter shrub with dense branches, small foliage and purple lilac berries.
It reaches 2.5 meters in height, has an average growth rate, and bears its fruits every year, starting from 3 - 4 years of age. Ripening berries occurs in early summer.
Fully winter-hardy, having seed germination rates of 80% and rooting of summer cuttings - 100%. Well established itself as a resistant, ornamental plants.
Honeysuckle delight - early-medium, very resistant to cold variety, up to 1.5 meters tall. Its hard and juicy fruits of a violet-blue shade are shrouded in a thick bloom of wax. The taste is sweet-sour, no bitterness. Due to the convenient shape of the bush, it is very convenient to pick berries, and low crumbling brings the yield up to 5.5 kg.
Telman's Honeysuckle - liana-like with elongated dense foliage, bright green at the top and gray in the bottom. The flowers are colored in golden orange tones, and the berries are orange-yellow. Not very winter-hardy and relatively demanding, but abundantly blooming.
Alpine honeysuckle - 1.5-meter shrub with a dense crown in the shape of a ball, large dark green leaves and odorless flowers of yellow-green color (red-brown from the outside).
Within 1.5 months, the berries make this type one of the most beautiful - they are overall, growing in pairs, red and gleaming, causing similarities with cherries. The plant is resistant to winter and being in the shade, but, at the same time, slowly growing.
Fragrant honeysuckle - up to 2 meters in height, with large oval dark green foliage, pubescent at the bottom. This species is famous for the aroma of its white-yellow or white-pink flowers. Fruits are colored bright red.
Honeysuckle planting and care in the open field
Planting honeysuckle in the best option is carried out on the illuminated or semi-shaded areas with respect to the mutual distance of 1.5-2 meters. To form a decorative group, this distance should be increased to 2.5-3 meters. Blue honeysuckle is preferably planted in August - mid October.
Autumn planting does not create any negative factors for the development of this plant, if only because it has the highest frost resistance. It is much more important to take into account its cross-pollination, preparing at least 3-5 different varieties for each plot.
Water honeysuckle need moderately 2-3 times per season. When it comes to heat, the recommended volume for one copy is 8-10 liters. The lack of watering when grown on heavy clay soil can be affected by the appearance of bitterness in the berries of dessert varieties such as honeysuckle amphora, as well as lower yields and an increase in the precipitation of fruits.
Loosen the soil can be 25 cm deep (spade bayonet). Mulching pristvolnyh circles produced after planting. It is recommended to pour a layer of peat 3-5 cm in the autumn.
Reviews and comments: 12
Planted variety Karina. Near already growing decorative honeysuckle. Will pollination occur?
Planted variety Karina. Will there be pollination from decorative honeysuckle?
Thanks for the info and nice clean site.
Last year I purchased 3 honeysuckle bushes. Two had to give this year's harvest, they woke up in the spring perfectly, started to pick up the leaves, and then some kind of leaf drying began, now on the leaves, or rust, or something else. Good your site, but I would like to read about diseases and methods of struggle in honeysuckle. Sprayed the drug from spider mites, because there was a cobweb.
Tell me, please, if you had to plant bushes in the following way: honeysuckle-currants-honeysuckle, will this affect the yield? Between the bushes of honeysuckle distance 2.8 m.
at this distance - no
What will please honeysuckle
In the last 10-15 years, edible honeysuckle bushes have appeared on many dachas. They bloom beautifully and stably supply the owners with very useful and tasty fruits, and moreover before many other berries. Honeysuckle gardeners happy and unpretentious.
It is possible to grow up culture on slightly shaded sites. If the soil is acidic there, at least one month before planting it, it is necessary to sprinkle it with lime or chalk: 500-600 g per 1 square meter. m
Planting material is easiest to get by dividing an overgrown bush. This method provides high
survival rate of seedlings. For plants to bear fruit, they must be at least 2-3. It is better to plant honeysuckle according to the 1 × 1.5 m scheme. The pits should be 0.5 m deep and about 60 cm in diameter. It is advisable to fill not very large stones at the bottom, but 8 soil, which the roots will be filled with, add some organic fertilizer. Formative pruning can be done only 1 time in 2-3 years.
Already 3-4-year-old bush of honeysuckle gives 1.5-3 kg of berries. They are quite useful in any form. Only 1-2 tsp. per day significantly improve well-being.
Useful but demanding
I love honeysuckle! This is a very valuable berry, which improves the strength and permeability of blood vessels. Its berries are beneficial to those suffering from cardiovascular diseases, atherosclerosis and hypertension.
Young branches of honeysuckle brew, pour the broth into the bath, it is very helpful in the treatment of articular rheumatism.
But the main thing is that the honeysuckle is a very fast-growing and early-growing berry, with high winter hardiness. And very early, I gather the harvest in early June. It is completely indifferent to returnable spring frosts, but to the conditions it is demanding. Dry and too wet places are not for honeysuckle. She loves the sun and wind protection.
If you decide to plant this plant, it is better to do it in the fall. Planting in the spring is less desirable - in this case, the honeysuckle is very sick. Bushes planted at a distance of one and a half meters from each other. The base of the stem when planting a little bit deep. I propagate the plant with lignified and green cuttings and layering.
Easy care - loosening, destruction of weeds. Watering in the ring grooves at a distance of half a meter from the bush. Then - mulching. Top dressing-spring and early summer.
The berry season at summer houses each year opens blue honeysuckle. Strawberries have not ripened yet, currants are green, prickly and inhospitable gooseberries. And on the lush honeysuckle bushes, oblong ripe berries, soaked with a gray-haze, are already visible ...
This plant in our gardens came from the Far East - it was the local inhabitants who in the 19th century began to transplant this prolific berry shrub from the taiga closer to the house. In the XX century professional gardeners became interested in honeysuckle. Today we are attracted to these berries by their healing power. They support the energy of the heart and the strength of the circulatory system. The pectins contained in the berries bind harmful substances in the human body, radionuclides and remove them naturally, with benefits for our health. There are monosaccharides here, there is ascorbine, which strengthens the immune system, and, most importantly, it is perhaps the active phenolic compounds that keep the thinnest blood vessels in operation - capillaries, including those that feed the brain. So, those who regularly eat honeysuckle berries are not afraid of sclerosis!
The best varieties of garden honeysuckle were left in our memory by Professor Maria Nikolaevna Plekhanova from All-Russian
Institute of Plant Industry. N.I. Vavilova. She visited all corners of Russia, where honeysuckle grows in a wild form, and successfully carried out its cultivation.
The taste of these berries is different - sour, sweet, juicy or dryish, according to their consistency they are tender, dense, leathery ... Each honeysuckle variety is characteristic
fruit shape. There are some varieties whose berries resemble ancient Greek amphoras! One of them is called Amphora. M.N. Plekhanova led him along with colleague A.V. Kondrikova near Petersburg, at Pavlovskaya VIR station.
Professional fruit growers of the Leningrad region in collaboration with scientists and lecturers for many years conducted a variety test of this important garden crop, so that amateurs know which berries are the most productive, unpretentious in the conditions of country life. When grown in the Luga district of the Leningrad Region, the Morena variety was in the first place in terms of yield: on average per year it produced 39 centners of berries per hectare. In the second place in terms of yield, the Pavlovskaya variety is 29 centners per hectare. On the third - the Amphora / l Blue Spindle varieties (24 centners per hectare). The maximum yield for the years of testing - 85 centners per hectare - was obtained again on the berries of the Morena variety.
And how big are the honeysuckle berries? The largest in the Amphora variety - 1.6 g. V variety Morena - 1.4 g. According to the tasters, the most delicious berries are Honeysuckle Violet.
In the dacha garden, four bushes are enough for the berries — a couple of different varieties.
Beautifully write you would write books!
A few years ago, I became interested in sowing honeysuckle seeds. When, after 3-4 years, the seedlings had the first berries, they tasted them, selected one with the best berries, sowed again, and picked them again. The last selection was made from 150 seedlings - singled out one with sweet fruits. My wife, Valentina Sergeyevna, first tasted it and immediately offered to expand the planting by removing old varieties. Then on
the tasting was attended by familiar gardeners, they also liked sweet berries very much. I share the green cuttings, I hope the variety will not disappear. And I named it in honor of the first taster - my wife - Valentine.
Bullfinches birds are very beautiful, but, alas, and harm is harmful.
They got into our hands to pluck the kidneys from the honeysuckle. One bush was almost ruined. Now, in late autumn, above the bushes, we install lightweight structures from bars and a simple fishing net. Now the bushes for the birds out of reach!
Honeysuckle transplant in the fall to a new place
A transplant for honeysuckle in the fall is a completely portable phenomenon, taking into account several rules:
- First, damage to the roots should not be allowed, for which the bushes are carefully dug and transferred to the new section with an earthen clod in the oilcloth.
- Secondly, the new landing pit should be slightly larger than the one that was formed as a result of the previous process.
- Thirdly, the bottom and walls of the pit need to be loosened with forks.
- Fourthly, the plant should not be buried unless the transplantation procedure is carried out on light, well-cultivated soil (then a depth of 3-5 cm is allowed).
- Fifthly, the ground filling the pit should be fertile, mixed with humus. This way you can perform and spring planting, in particular.
Honeysuckle fertilizer in spring
In early spring, it is recommended to apply full mineral fertilizer in terms of 20-30 grams per square meter. Further, before the beginning of flowering, they feed up the liquid Chemira universal (20 grams per 10 liters of water), and also, if the plants are stunted in growth, not root fertilizers — 0.1% urea, 1% superphosphate, 0.5% potassium chloride.
Under digging in the autumn period, wood ash in the amount of 100-200 grams per square meter is applied. If during the planting manure (5-7 kg), superphosphate (50-80 g) and potash salt (40-50 g) were introduced into each pit, fertilizers will not be needed at all in the next 2 years.
Honeysuckle pruning is best done in the fall after leaf fall, or in early spring. It is recommended to rejuvenate aging bushes by thinning once every 2-3 years - after that usually no more than 5 large young shoots will remain.
Copies aged 6-7 years require sanitary pruning - removal of dry, broken and unhealthy branches. And the old bushes, whose age has reached 15-20 years, it is better to rejuvenate completely - “on the stump”, observing a height of 0.5 meters from the ground surface. Expect recovery in the latter case will have in 2-3 years.
Honeysuckle Winter Preparation
As part of wintering, the best advantages of honeysuckle, for example, an incredible ability to withstand temperatures down to -50C, or resistance to repeated frosts up to -8C when flowering. It is not difficult to conclude that no special actions are required to prepare this plant for winter, even in the case of edible species.
So it turns out that mulching, besides its main purpose, also serves as a light shelter, but only if we are talking about very valuable ornamental species (Japanese honeysuckle, Brown).
Reproduction of honeysuckle cuttings
Reproduction of honeysuckle green cutting is considered the most effective, allowing to achieve 45-60% survival. Этому методу с легкостью поддаются жимолости синяя, лесная, татарская, в то время как для жимолостей альпийской, Маака он не является рекомендованным.
Нарезка срединных частей сильных зеленых стеблей нынешнего года производится утром, желательно при прохладной погоде. Черенок длиной 7-12 см необходимо сразу засадить под углом в 45 градусов во влажный субстрат.
The optimum temperature is 20-25 C, which is quite comparable with the conditions in the greenhouse. With a stable irrigation with frequent spraying, you can count on the emergence of roots by 8-10 days after planting.
Planted on the site can be on the 2nd year, pre-hardened cutting handle opening doors in the room. In the 3rd year, some honeysuckles are already beginning to bloom and bear fruit.
Honeysuckle reproduction by layering
The method of reproduction by layering is preferred for growing planting material for their own needs.
If the horizontal stems are low to the surface of the soil, in early spring they are bent down, pinned to the ground and dropped in (you can additionally make cuts of a small depth on the bark). When rooting occurs, the branch is separated from the parent and transplanted to its site.
Honeysuckle seed growing
The seed propagation method of honeysuckle does not allow preserving maternal properties, so it is not surprising that young berries will have more bitter taste than parent plants. Seeds are selected from the most dimensional and ripe berries and poured into a vessel filled with water, removing pieces of flesh emerging to the surface.
Then they are removed, dried and stored in a folded piece of paper at home. Early species are sown in the ground in July, and in the fall, seedlings should form 3-4 pairs of leaves and grow a little. For the winter shoots must be covered with spruce leaves.
Diseases and pests
Most of the decorative honeysuckle exhibit high resistance to diseases and pests. This also applies to edible species and varieties, however, in case of heat and other adverse conditions, the likelihood of powdery mildew increases, and therefore it is recommended to take preventive measures.
They include the use of the drug “Topaz”, spraying with a copper-soap solution in early spring (100 g of copper sulphate in a bucket of water) or 0.2% foundation.
With the pests, of which the most significant damage can be caused by the honeysaccele, moths and scytchikas, they fight after harvesting by spraying with 0.2% chlorophos or 0.3% karbofos.