There are many species of rare trees or shrubs in our areas, they are “natives” of the countries of the northern hemisphere. One of these representatives adorns in my garden - my favorite, Irga Canadian.
Photo of a bush: behind a greenhouse on the north side
It belongs to the Rosaceae family, the apple subfamily. No wonder its fruits
They resemble small apples measuring 0.8–1.6 centimeters, bright pink, in a ripe gray color.
Varieties and types differ from each other in size, height of a bush or tree, from 1.5 to 5.5 meters, leaf shape (ovate with denticles or not), to taste.
All species have one common feature - extreme frost resistance. Irga
withstands frost 50 degrees. This is the most frost-resistant tree of all fruit
Location and landing features
You can plant where it is not convenient to her. and us, whether high groundwater
or low, fertile soil or so-so, is the place open to the north winds.
Condition: for the harvest to be high, it is necessary to plant a tree or a bush in the sun or partial shade, there will be no berries in the shade. Although one of my shrubs, irgi, illuminates only the western sun, I do not complain about the harvest.
A full hole during planting can not dig, the root system is superficial, rarely
reaches half a meter, here in width the roots spread up to two meters.
When you plant, put a glass of complex fertilizer into the hole, or a compost bucket, or just an armful of weeded weeds, pour, grumble, and close the stem of an irgy with mowed or torn grass.
The time for planting is spring or autumn, while the bush is shortened by 4-5 buds for better development and formation.
A photo of the Pembina variety - this is how it looks in the spring when it was planted and cropped last fall.
The same sapling a year later.
In our country, Canadian irga is more common. Its height is up to 4.5 meters, tasty fruits of small size. To get larger ones, up to 1.8 centimeters in diameter, others can be grafted onto a Canadian one, cuttings can be ordered from nurseries and grafted onto your tree.
You can buy already grafted saplings, but know that they do not exceed the taste already existing on your irg, and in size ... just water more (but not often), cut out extra branches and root growth.
What care is needed
Irga practically does not require it.
Watering is rare, but abundant. forgot to water - forgive.
Vaccination on a new variety is justified, in my opinion, simply by the interest of a creative person, or by some kind of necessity. For example, if you plant on a Canadian variety of irgi Pembin, a tall beautiful tree will grow, and the Regent grade will be only 1.2 meters high.
How to trim
It must be remembered that irga blooms on the shoots of last year, if you
you will cut the tops, do not expect harvest next year. Here it is necessary to withstand
a certain balance between the young twigs and the "elderly". Every autumn, remove a small amount of excess.
If there is too much tall adult growth, you can cut the trunks at the right height, then lateral shoots are formed, which are thinned when
Reproduction by cuttings
Irga can be propagated by seeds, cuttings, shoots.
I like the way more
breeding green cuttings. In the summer, cuttings of about 5-7 buds are cut, we remove the lower two leaves, and cut the rest by half. We stick in the wet soil with the addition of sand, water it, close it in jars, half of the plastic bottles will do.
We plant the cuttings in a shady place, I would advise you to cover them
spunbond. It now remains to periodically water. In this form, leave to
next summer, then put in a permanent place. Fruits will appear in the third year.
Useful properties of berries
Their taste is unusual for our gardeners, it is sweet, but slightly fresh. Berries so
It is useful that birds prefer irgu to the rest of garden delicacies. You should not get upset about it - there are so many fruits that there is enough for people.
Berry berries (they are also called northern raisins, brown bread) contain phytoncides. fiber, tannins, anthocyanins, trace elements copper, cobalt, iron. There is vitamin C, a lot of vitamins of group B, and also P - active vaso-and heart-strengthening compounds. This alone makes irgu necessary for any person.
There is beta-sitosterol in the fruits, which lowers cholesterol and
coumarins - protection against sclerosis.
Berries reduce pressure, have wound-healing properties.
From the decoction of bark and leaves of cinnamon make lotions for varicose veins and phlebitis. To do this, 100 g of raw material is poured with a glass of boiling water and kept in a thermos for 2 hours.
Eat more irgi in the summer, contraindication - rarely allergies. Reduction same
pressure occurs smoothly, so you just need to reduce the amount of food eaten.
For those who do not want to part with brown bread in the winter, I suggest freezing the northern raisins or drying them in the oven. You can bake a wonderful pie from frozen fruits.
Here is the recipe: Melt 60 grams of margarine, add 100 grams of granulated sugar, 1 egg, half a teaspoon of soda and 4 tablespoons of sour cream or a fermented milk product. Mix everything and add flour so much to make a soft, but not thin batter.
Lay it out in shape, make the sides, and cover the rest of the area with frozen irgi berries. For sharpness add sliced Antonov apples, or raspberries, even cottage cheese, how much fantasy is enough. Bake 40 minutes or less at 220 degrees. See photos: delicious, I advise!
Irga Canadian, video:
In search of nutrients, the roots of the Canadian shadberry grow wildly, releasing root growth to the surface. Therefore, the plant is best grown in sandy soils and fertile loams. The ideal soil mixture: turf ground (2 parts), sand (1 part), peat (1 part). Irga grows equally well on soils with different acidity.
Landing pit preparation
The tree is usually planted in a small landing pit with drainage. Dig a groove with sides of 6 cm and a depth of 5 cm. The landing site must be cleared of weeds, dug up and kept under steam. 7-8 days before planting, lay a small layer of potash and phosphate fertilizers on the bottom of the landing pit, or add a mixture of humus (bucket), phosphate (500 g) and a little lime. Stir and tamp the mixture thoroughly. After a while the soil is again digged.
The technology of planting a bush will not cause difficulties even for a novice gardener. The process of planting is not significantly different from the landing of any other fruit culture.
Tree planting scheme:
- The prepared soil mixture is transferred to the planting pit.
- In the center of the pit form a cone, at the top of which establish a sapling. The roots of the seedling spread on the slopes of the cone.
- Then the pit is covered with the rest of the soil.
- Landing plentifully irrigate 10-15 liters of water. Over time, the soil in the area will shed a little, so the soil will need to be trimmed.
- To ensure optimal growth conditions of the tree, the soil around the irgi needs to be mulched. For this purpose, use dry land, peat or dried humus.
Plant Care Basics
Irga Canadian unpretentious care. Shrub resistant to frost, drought, wind and waterlogging. This culture does not require regular watering and feeding. Only in the third year after planting, every six months the soil begins to be fed: long-acting nitrogen fertilizers are introduced in the spring, and phosphate-potassium fertilizers in the autumn.Before winter, when the movement of nutrients along the trunk of a tree slows down, irguu can be cut off, leave only 15 cm from the ground, and the rest is cut off.
Pests and diseases
Canadian irga is rarely affected by diseases and pests. Of the pests, the most often occurs is the leaf-shaker and the fruit cap moth. Treating Karbofos, Fufanon or Aktellik helps in the fight against these pests. However, usually the pests do not cause particular harm to the shrub.
Summing up, we note that not everywhere has this culture received due attention. However, once seeing this shrub in bloom and having tasted its tasty and healthy fruits, you will certainly wish to plant it in your garden.