The discoverers of tomatoes are the ancient Aztec. They began to grow culture in the eighth century. And since then, interest in tomatoes is growing every year. Confirmation of this - the presence of a huge range of varieties and hybrids.
Many among the tomatoes interesting and exotic plants. Take at least a variety of tomatoes Stick. Homeland plants are the United States. Brought the variety back in 1958. Unfortunately, few Russians know about the Stick tomatoes. Therefore, we want to present this amazing plant in all its glory.
Description of tomatoes
If you want to grow an unusual plant in the area and surprise your neighbors, buy the seeds of the tomato variety Stick. This is a really interesting plant, striking the unusual structure of the bush.
Already the name is shocking, but the peak of surprise comes after you see the plant in reality. Indeed, the fruits grow right on the stem without surrounding side shoots and leaves.
In the countries of the world variety is called differently:
- Stick tomato,
- Curl tomato,
- Terry tomato,
- Curly tomato.
Tomato Stick is a vertical stem in the form of a column. Stems, as a rule, no more than three. The variety is semi-determinant, height is up to 1 m 20 cm.
Attention! Tomato Stick according to the description of the variety has no side shoots.
The leaves are negligible, besides they are very small, rigidly corrugated, gathered in a bun. The inflorescences are simple; up to 6 fruits are fastened on them. Whole stick-shaped tomatoes form on each stem up to 5 tassels.
Tomatoes are fruitful, with the observance of agrotechnical norms about 1.5 kg of tasty fruits can be collected from one bush.
Fruits are round, characterized by elasticity, fleshy and dense flesh. The taste is a traditional tomato, with a barely noticeable sourness. Unripe tomatoes are light green. In technical ripeness become bright red.
The weight of the fruit with a dense skin is 50-100 grams. The crop is kept on the brush, does not fall, does not crack, even if the tomatoes perespeyut. Most often, the Stick variety is reserved for canning, although tomatoes are ideal in salads.
Opinion gardener variety of tomato Stick:
Cultivation and care
Features of cultivation and crop care take into account the biological properties of the plant. The variety is cultivated by seedling, in a very rare case planted in the ground.
It is recommended to grow seedlings in containers using a soil mixture or substrate. The soil is disinfected with a hot solution of potassium permanganate, and the seeds are treated with a 1% solution of boric acid.
The soil is poured into the tank, seeds are placed at a distance from each other, and the peat ball is mulched by sowing. When forming 2 leaves, the plants dive in separate pots.
In the process of growing tomatoes need to be fertilized well, seedling containers with seedlings are periodically taken out into the street for hardening. It is important that the soil be prepared when planting sprouts.
Planting and care of the crop is carried out taking into account the growing conditions. Care in the ground includes a system of agrotechnical measures.
Among gardeners, the variety has extremely positive reviews. Tomato cultivar Stick, a photo of which is presented below, due to the absence of leaves and shoots creates ease of care. The variety can be grown on ordinary beds.
Connoisseurs of tomatoes note the taste of tomatoes. Tomatoes Stick, reviews and photos of which indicate a stable yield, regardless of the place of cultivation, confirms the stated characteristics.
Tomato is distinguished by stable fruiting. This quality is confirmed by numerous reviews of vegetable growers.
Characteristics of the variety will be obviously incomplete, if not to mention this procedure, which helps to save significantly when breeding this crop. Seeds are obtained only from ripe tomatoes, which are normal for the plant shape. It is best to collect them from the second hand, focusing on the fruit, which below contain a kind of recess. The plucked vegetable is washed with warm water and potassium permanganate added, this cuts off the spread of disease. For about 5 days, the tomatoes should be left in a warm, darkened room.
The softened berry should be cut into pieces with a disinfected knife. The flesh together with the seeds is squeezed into a clean glass. Cotton is put on top and left in the dark again. When it takes about 48 hours, fermentation will begin, and the seeds will settle to the bottom. Waiting for this moment, you can not pour in water, because it will kill the germ.
After waiting for fermentation, fill the glass with warm water and gently rinse the contents. Work is completed when the liquid does not become completely transparent in appearance. The resulting seeds are laid out on cotton, and when it absorbs excess moisture, laid out on paper in one layer. The final moment of drying - when the seeds become loose, they should be immediately transferred into paper bags.
How to grow?
It is not so important whether the seeds are self-made or purchased in a store. The main thing is to observe the basic principles of agrotechnology: like all mid-season varieties, this tomato requires the preparation of seedlings. Sowing takes place approximately 2 months before the intended transfer to the ground. If you delay with this, there is a risk that the fruit in the current season can not wait. The best time for sowing seeds is the first March decade.
For work with seedlings capacity of any kind will be useful. The choice of soil in the store or cooking it on your own is a matter of personal choice. Before sowing, the seeds are specially treated using a pink solution of potassium permanganate or boric acid at a concentration of 1%. Furrows with a pitch of 30 mm are made on the ground. You need to fold the seeds after 10-15 mm, the depth of introduction is 1 cm.
After this, the containers are covered with film and moved to where the temperature will be maintained from 22 to 25 degrees. Waiting for germination, you should immediately remove the film. The pick is done as soon as curly leaves appear, combined in a couple of bunches. The final stage of seedling preparation is exposure to a well-lit window sill. There it should be deployed as often as possible so that all sides are lit evenly.
The decisive stage of cultivation imposes the following requirements:
- planting in greenhouses - in the last days of May, as soon as the risk of frost disappears,
- the soil should be loose and thoroughly fertilized,
- instead of mineral fertilizers it is allowed to use only wood ash, compost or humus,
- putting tomatoes in one stem implies a step between the bushes 0.15 m, and two or three stems - the distance should be increased to 0.25-0.3 m,
- plants should not be buried in order not to force the development of roots instead of the above-ground part,
- transplantation should be carried out in the evening, then the tomatoes exactly take root.
Caring for established plants is not too complicated. The works are the same as with other varieties: you need to water and loosen the tomatoes, remove weeds.
Stick tomato bushes are long stems, the number of which is usually not more than 3. Plant of a semi-determinant type, therefore, reaches a height of 1.2 m. Description of the variety excludes the presence of side shoots. The plant has very little corrugated leaves. They are collected on a stick in bundles. Variety does not require staving.
On each trunk, on average, about 5 brushes are formed. Up to 6 fruits can be tied on each hand.
Culture refers to the mid-ripening species, that is, between the sprouting of seedlings and the collection of the first ripe tomatoes, about 120 days pass. Productivity of tomato Stick colonic, quite high: from 1 bush can remove up to 1.5 kg of tomatoes. Due to the dense planting of plants with 1 m², experienced gardeners can harvest up to 30 kg of tomatoes.
Characteristics and description of the variety Stick include recommendations for growing these tomatoes in open ground or greenhouses. Productivity does not depend on the landing site and is consistently high.
Stick tomatoes are used for all types of processing. Tomatoes have good indicators for transportation, as they have high keeping quality.
Stick is not a hybrid tomato, so tomato seeds can be used for future seedlings.
Tomato Variety Stick demonstrates resistance to many types of diseases, which usually affect tomatoes.
The fruits have a rounded shape. The flesh inside them is fleshy and dense. Taste of tomatoes Stick is typical for this vegetable culture, there is a barely noticeable acidity. The color of the ripe fruit is bright red.
All 1 fruit can reach 50-100 g. A special feature of tomatoes is that they do not fall off even if they overripe and remain on the hand. They are not prone to cracking, because they have an elastic dense skin.
The only weak point in this variety of tomatoes is that they need to be tied up multiple times. If time does not attach the stick stick to the support, it can simply break. However, this agrotechnical technique is simple in execution, it requires only care and accuracy from the side of the grower.