General information

Guinosthem five-leaf

Today, cottages and household plots attract attention not only for their individuality in design, but also for the presence of exotic ones. Particularly appreciated are little-known cultures with beautiful leaves that do not require special care.

One of these plants is five-leafed gynostemma, perennial long-lily vine originally from China. She is very popular in India and Vietnam, there they call her "Jiaogulan" and "jiao-gulan". And in Europe, the gynostemma was first grown as an exotic houseplant. Many gardeners and gardeners use it for gardening arbors and homestead structures, but for me it is, above all, a medicinal plant.

Guinostemma: useful and beautiful

After the conference on traditional medicine, which took place in China in 1991, the five-leaf gynostemma became incredibly popular. After all, then it was included in the first ten of medicinal plants capable of having a healing effect on the five systems of the human body: immune, reproductive, nervous, cardiovascular and digestive. Thanks to these abilities in their homeland, the five-leafed gynostemma was called the "grass of immortality."

The leaves of this very original plant resemble the leaves of a maiden grape. Their structure includes the whole complex of vitamins, proteins, amino acids. In addition, the gynostemma is rich in trace elements such as selenium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, zinc, etc.

In traditional Chinese medicine, drinks from the ginostemma leaves are used to prevent aging of the body. The plant improves immunity, treats diseases of the urogenital system and the gastrointestinal tract. Compared with ginseng, which is also an adaptogen, the gynostemma does not cause overexcitation, and when used systematically, on the contrary, it calms the nervous system and several times increases the body's resistance to various diseases. Often the tincture of the herb ginostemma is used as a mandatory drink after an illness to recuperate.

In recent decades, this plant is interested scientists. In the course of the research, it was proved that the gynostemma inhibits the aging process of the body, effectively restores strength after physical and psychological stress, has an anti-inflammatory effect, regulates the function of the nervous system, normalizes metabolism, cholesterol and blood sugar (therefore, it can be included in the menu for people with diabetes).

Growing a Gynostemma is Easy

Since the gynostemma can withstand frosts only up to -18 ° C, I grow it in an annual crop in open ground or in containers, which I transfer to a warm room in the fall and store it in room conditions. In the spring of May, transplanting plants in open ground or larger containers. On several of them I cut for the winter

extra greens (for tea), transplanted from containers to vases and put on the windowsill. Growing a gynostemma in a residential environment does not cause inconvenience, while the plant provides healing greens throughout the winter.

Reproduction of the five-leafed gynostemma at home

I propagate the gynostemma five-leafed cutting. To do this, cut the vine, choose well-developed stems, cut cuttings with a leaf and part of the shoot. I plant them in disposable cups (250 g), dig the cuttings down to the leaf and sprinkle with soil.

For the entire practice of vegetative propagation, gyno-stemms have never encountered difficulties. Caring for cuttings is to keep the soil moist and provide them with sufficient light without direct sunlight (cuttings need diffused light). Fertilizing chemicals do not spend.

When the cuttings take root and grows (it lasts about three weeks), I begin to prepare the soil and pick up the place where to plant the plant or place the container. Guinosthemma prefers a light soil, therefore I add humus (1: 1) to the chernozem and make good drainage. In the open ground I plant a gynostemma in prepared pits by the method of transshipment.

In the summer, this vine in containers and flowerpots is also growing in my open air in the garden. I choose for her a slightly shaded place near the wall of the house or arbor. When frosts come, I move the plants to the room where they grow until spring on a bright window sill without additional lighting.

For the gynostemma growing in the open field in summer, the care is simple: we regularly weed, watch for the soil to be constantly wet, but without stagnation of water near the root system. I water in 3-5 days, depending on the weather. In the spring of those plants that grow in the open ground, pouring mulch (compost, humus). In the dry hot weather in the morning I spray them with clean water.

Stems from the guintostemma are thin with tendrils, thanks to which it forms vertical green walls of arbors, recreation areas in apartments, winter gardens and greenhouses. It is especially beautiful in the room when it hangs down with delicate green lace from flowerpots or flowerpots on the window sill. And how beautiful it is when it spreads on the ground with a rug!

Gynostemma Recipe

During the summer period, several times I cut off the green mass of the gynostemma, and dry it for winter use. In winter, the plants that stand in the flowerpots on the window, periodically pruned the stems as they grow, then the plant itself grows into a bush.

Young leaves and stems of the five-leafed gynostemma have a sweet taste. From fresh leaves I prepare teas, salads, add to different dishes. The leaves of the ginostemma cannot be washed with hot water, since saponins disappear at 80 ° C.

On a glass of boiled water (250 ml) I use 2-3 tsp of fresh leaves or 1 -2 tsp dry. Brew 5 minutes - and the tea is ready for use. To maintain health it is enough to drink three glasses of such a drink per day. But you need to brew a new batch each time, because the ginostemma drink quickly loses its beneficial properties. This tea has a pleasant herbal aroma, rich taste, but the most important thing is that it contains selenium - an element of youth, which is very useful for vessels. To enhance the effect of the plant, it is useful to chew the leaves of tea residue.

I hope you have a place in the room or in the garden for such a useful plant as the five-leafed gynostemma. She will not only delight you with her beauty, but also benefit the health of the whole family.

Preparation of raw materials

For medicinal purposes, the leaves of the five-leafed gynostemma are used. The billet is produced in summer: the leaves are torn off and dried in the shade for 10-14 days, constantly turning. Dried leaves are stored in fabric bags or glass jars for no longer than 1 year.

Composition and properties

According to the biological properties of the gynostemma is similar to ginseng, but its effect is considered softer and less exciting than the action of ginseng. And the gynostemma has a much stronger anti-diabetic effect than ginseng and is a good sugar substitute. The leaves of the gynostemma are five-leaf rich: saponins (substances found in ginseng), selenium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron, amino acids, proteins.
The five-leaf gynostemma is a strong adaptogen that has a positive effect on all systems of the human body: cardiovascular, immune, digestive, reproductive, nervous.

The gynostemma is recommended for:

  • strengthening immunity
  • rejuvenation of the body and slowing the aging process,
  • treatment and prevention of diabetes and lowering blood sugar,
  • cholesterol lowering
  • memory improvements
  • treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, urogenital system and liver,
  • treatment of atherosclerosis,
  • prevention of heart attack and stroke,
  • treatment of nervous tension, chronic fatigue, exhaustion,
  • increase endurance,
  • preventing cancer and suppressing the development of cancer cells,
  • improve metabolism.

Guynostemma Five Leaf Tea

Unlike other herbs, five-leaf guinostemms do not prepare decoctions, but brew its leaves in the form of tea.
Tea:

  • 2-3 tsp fresh or 1-2 tsp dry gynostemma leaves,
  • 250 ml of hot water.

Tea from this unique plant has a pleasant sweetish aroma and taste with a little tartness.

Make a ginostemma with not very steep boiling water, let it brew for 5 minutes - the tea is ready! The same leaves can be re-brewed up to 6 times, but you can not store the finished drink - you should drink the tea immediately, and for the next tea-drinking you can brew a new batch of gynostemma.

Contraindications

Gynostemma five-leaf is not recommended to use when:

  • pregnancy and breastfeeding,
  • individual intolerance.

With great caution you should drink tea from the gynostemma hypertensive.
Attention! Tea from the ginostemma is not recommended to drink after 16 hours, otherwise sleep problems may occur.

General information

In the wild, lignified culture branches. The leaf plates of the plant are large, finger-shaped and divided into five separate lanceolate sheets with finely toothed edges. In the summer, they have a dark green tint, and in the fall they turn red. Externally, the gynostemma resembles a wild grape.

The flowering time of the plant is in July and lasts until the end of August. The inflorescences are small, with a racemose paniculate form of white or olive hue. With the onset of the first frosts, the ground part of the culture dies before the onset of heat. Throughout the growing season, the branches and foliage of the plant can be trimmed and medicinal teas prepared from them.

Gynostemma is grown as a ground cover weaving in vertical surfaces. In the past, it was used only as an ampelous home culture, however, at the beginning of the twentieth century, the plant was transferred to garden beds.

Varieties and types

Gynostemma Pyatilistnaya - China is the birthplace of the plant. The culture has branched, thin, mustache-shaped shoots reaching a length of up to 8 meters. The leaf plates are medium, difficult-palmate with serrated edges on long petioles. In summer, they have a dark green hue, and with the arrival of autumn, the color changes to red. Flowering plant from July to August. Inflorescences are small, collected in large brush white or olive hue. After flowering, small round black fruits are formed with seeds in the middle.

In the family of this culture, there are about twenty species, among which there are guinostemma blumei, cissoides, pedatum, siamicum and trigynum. Since the plant is rarely found as a domesticated garden specimen, so there is no information about its varieties.

Gynostemma planting and care in the open field

For planting plants need to pick up sunny areas with a slight shade. Since the culture is a liana and weaves, it needs support, for this reason it should be planted next to a fence, a gazebo or a pre-stretched net, on which it can trail. During the summer gynostemma grows to 10 meters in length.

Planting is necessary in light soil in the middle of May. Before planting a gynostemma, it is necessary to prepare a large planting pit, forming a good drainage layer of large river sand and filling it with a ground mixture, which will include fertile soil mixed with compost in a 1: 1 ratio.

After the pit has been prepared, it is necessary to make a well in it, carefully remove the seedling from the container in which it was grown, and transfer it into a hole by transshipment, filling it with the remaining soil and lightly tamping it. When planting is complete, the crop should be plentifully watered and mulch the bed with dry peat or compost.

The girlish grape is also an ornamental plant with beautiful leaves. Grown when planting and care in the open field without much hassle, if you follow the rules of agricultural engineering. All the necessary recommendations can be found in this article.

Watering the Guinozemma

Water the plant should be often, regularly and abundantly. You need to spend it once a week. It is also very important to take into account that the ground near the plant should not dry out, while remaining slightly damp, but not damp.

If the summer is hot and dry, the gardener should spend the morning and evening spraying of the culture with warm water from a spray bottle. After watering or rain, the ground in the garden with a gynostemma must be loosened and weeds removed.

Gynostem soil

Before planting a crop in a garden plot, it is necessary to dig a bed for it, mixing garden soil with peat, compost and black soil.

Care should be taken of drainage. It can be formed from fine expanded clay or large river sand. Thanks to what the earth will pass air and moisture, not allowing the latter to stagnate in the root system, leading to its rotting.

Guino stemma transplant

In transplanting, the plant growing in the open field does not need. Therefore, in advance you need to find a good landing site with fertile soil and good drainage.

Replant only ampelous cultures growing at home, when the pot becomes cramped for the root system.

Fertilizer for ginostemma

In the first year after planting, the plant does not need fertilizing. For the next season, experienced gardeners recommend applying Kemira fertilizer, which contains all the necessary trace elements for the gynostemme. Under each bush should be made 30-40 grams of top dressing once a season.

Composting mulching will serve as an additional fertilizer, which will not only saturate jiaogulan with beneficial substances, but also prevent the soil from drying out.

Bloom gynostemma

Plant blooms from July to end of August. Inflorescences are large in the form of loose brushes of white or olive color with a pleasant aroma. After the culture fades away, the seeds begin to grow.

They are represented by round, small dark tint berries with seeds inside. They are used for growing seedlings and breeding gynostemmy seed method.

Gynostem pruning

The plant does not need forming pruning. Branches with sheet plates are cut specifically for the preparation of therapeutic raw materials.

Trimming is also carried out before preparing for the winter period. In this case, all the available shoots along with the leaves are cut off under the root, leaving only the small stumps.

Useful properties and contraindications

Since ancient times, jiaogulan has been used in China as a medicine and stimulant. Ginostemma has a beneficial effect on all body systems, it is taken for:

  • strengthening general immunity
  • improve blood circulation in the brain,
  • lower blood pressure,
  • support the cardiovascular system
  • rejuvenation of the body (the plant is a powerful antioxidant),
  • relieving stress and anxiety,
  • improve sleep and well-being,
  • good work of the digestive system
  • weight loss
  • control blood sugar levels
  • recovery of liver cells.

Despite its many beneficial properties, like any other medicinal plant, Jiaogulan has a number of contraindications. It should not be consumed during pregnancy and lactation. Gynostemma is also contraindicated in any kidney disease. Before combining Jiaogulan with medications, it is necessary to consult with your doctor.

How to use

Jiaogulan is used in medicine in 4 types: medicinal extract, tea, capsules and alcohol infusion. Each of them has its own characteristics and rules of use:

Extract. Sold in powder form in packs of 100 g. One Jiaogulan box is enough for several courses of treatment. Take an extract of 0.5 g three times a day before meals, stirring it in warm water. During the weekly treatment course you need to drink 20 servings for half a gram.

Herbal tea. Gynostemma has a pleasant tart taste, for sweetening, you can use a small amount of honey. As a preventive measure, they drink tea 2 cups a day, during the treatment of the disease the number of servings can be doubled. For the preparation of therapeutic broth, boil water (250 ml) with dried grass (1 teaspoon) and keep it on low heat for 5 minutes. When the tea has cooled to a comfortable temperature, you can drink it before meals. The course lasts up to 3 months.

Alcohol infusion. To prepare the medication, add 50 g of dry grass with 500 ml of vodka and leave the bottle in the dark for two weeks. When funds infuse, filter it and drink a teaspoon of 1 to 3 times a day.

Capsules Take a course for a week twice a day, one capsule half an hour before meals. It is advisable to take Jiaogulan no later than 16 pm.

The choice of the form of the drug depends on personal preferences and state of health. It is advisable to consult a doctor before taking the Gynostemma five-leaf. The therapist will tell you the appropriate dosage and duration of the course, taking into account the condition of the body.

How to grow

Dzhiaogulan is a dioecious plant, therefore for reproduction it is necessary to plant alongside creepers of both sexes. Guinosthemma likes warm, bright places and light soil. Liana can be grown in three ways:

With frame. In this case, the plant will gradually grow along the support - a pole, a grid, etc.

In pots. Ветви Гиностеммы красиво смотрятся свисающими из подвесного кашпо.

По земле. В этом случае растение разрастается, свободно стелясь по земле.

Лиана хорошо растёт как в саду, так и дома. В открытый грунт Гиностемму пятилистную сажают в виде рассады весной, когда температура установится на уровне +15 градусов. One year after planting in open ground, Jiaoguang can be started to be fed with mineral fertilizers. In addition, it is important to ensure that the roots do not dry out - Ginostemma requires abundant watering.

At home, the vine grows from seeds, the main thing is to find a suitable support for it. To shoots are not too long, they are periodically pruned. If the room is too dry, Ginostemma should be periodically sprayed with water from a spray bottle.

Reviews of doctors and patients

The five-leaf guinosthemma is not used in Russian pharmacology, but has found distribution in traditional medicine. According to doctors, Dzhiaogulan is not a medicine and can not replace drug therapy, however, this plant can be used as a preventive measure for many diseases. Patients after the course of taking Jiaogulan noted improvement in well-being and sleep, resistance to stress. It is noticed that if you take drugs on the basis of the Gynostemma five-leaf while losing weight, the process goes faster due to a better metabolism.

Peculiarities of the five-leaf guinosthem

A ginostemma is a dioecious climbing plant. This perennial liana can be bare or pubescent. Opposite glossy leaf plates have petioles and a finger-shaped form, they include from 3 to 9 lanceolate serrated leaves on the edge. Panicle or racemose inflorescences consist of flowers that do not represent any decorative value. The flowers have a short tubular corolla of pale green or white color, which is deeply cut into 5 fragments of a narrow lanceolate shape. Understand where female, and where male plant is possible only during flowering. Female inflorescences, and even stamens in flowers shorter than the male specimen. Such a vine blooms in the middle of the summer period, and its flowering stops only in the first autumn weeks. The fruit is a spherical berry of black color, reaching 0.6 cm in diameter, containing from 2 to 3 seeds. If such a vine grows in favorable conditions, then the length of its stems can be equal to about 8 m.

Content

  • 1. Listen to the article (soon)
  • 2. Description
  • 3. Growing
    • 3.1. Landing
    • 3.2. Care
  • 4. Collection
    • 4.1. How to collect and store
  • 5. Types and varieties
  • 6. Properties
    • 6.1. Beneficial features
    • 6.2. Contraindications

Planting and care of the gynostemma (in short)

  • Bloom: from mid-summer to early autumn.
  • Landing: sowing seeds for seedlings - in mid-March, planting seedlings in open ground - from mid to late May.
  • Lighting: bright sunlight or partial shade.
  • The soil: fertile, well drained.
  • Watering: plentiful, once in 7-10 days: the soil should be slightly damp all the time. In a drought in the evening, it is advisable to spray the plant on the leaves with warm water.
  • Top dressing: from the second season with Kemira solution at the root at the rate of 30-40 g of fertilizer per plant.
  • Reproduction: grafting, less often - seeds.
  • Pests: spider mites and melon aphids.
  • Diseases: bacteriosis, powdery mildew, white and root rot.
  • Properties: The plant has medicinal properties that are still poorly understood.

Guynostemma five-leaf - description

Guinosthemes are perennial dioecious climbing plants, pubescent or bare lianas with shiny, petiolate petiolal palchatogo leaves, consisting of 3-9 serrated on the edge of the lanceolate leaves. The inconspicuous flowers of the gynostemma with a short tubular white or greenish corolla, deeply dissected into five narrow lanceolate lobes, form racemose or paniculate inflorescences. It is possible to distinguish male plants from female plants only during the flowering period: male inflorescences, like stamens in flowers, are longer than those of female plants. The blooming of the gynostemma begins in mid-summer and continues until the beginning of autumn. The fruits of the plant are black spherical berries with a diameter of up to 6 mm, in which 2-3 seeds ripen.

When grown in favorable conditions, the shoots of the five-leaf guino stemma can reach a length of 8 meters.

Ginostemma - contraindications.

There are no contraindications to the use of gynostemma, but plant preparations should not be taken by people with individual intolerance to its components. Caution must be exercised by hypertensive patients, since the gynostemma may increase the pressure. Those who have a sleep disorder, it is not recommended to use the gynostemma after 16 hours.

Since research on the effects of gynostemma on lactating and pregnant women has not been conducted, it is better to refrain from using these plant products in these categories.

Botanical description

Guinosthem five-leaf still has several names: herb of immortality, cheap ginseng, jiaogulan. This is a herbaceous climbing vine plant belonging to the same genus and the Pumpkin family. His homeland is China. The shoots of the gynostemma are thin, with branched tendrils at the end. Can reach lengths of 8-9 m.

Leaves petiolate, palmate, complex. In length reach 8 cm, in width - 3 cm. Grow on long petioles. Have from five to nine lanceolate leaves with jagged edges. In the warm season, they are painted in bright green color, in autumn - in red.

Flowering occurs in July and August. Small flowers of white and greenish color are collected in inflorescences in the form of racemes, which reach a length of 15 cm.

After flowering fruits are formed. These are small, 0.8 cm in diameter, spherical black berries with two or three seeds in the middle.

In appearance, the gynostemma somewhat resembles wild grapes.

Spread

Gynostemma is widespread in China, India, Malaysia, Vietnam, Korea, Japan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and other Asian countries. It grows in forests, among clusters of bushes, on the roadside, occasionally found in the mountains at an altitude of 3000 m above sea level.

Gynostemma planted in the open ground as a ground cover and covering the vertical surface of the plant. At home, she is also planted in a pot as an ampel culture, while her shoots are drooping down. By the way, when the gynostemma was introduced to Europeans, at first they used it only as a room culture and only after some time were transferred to flower beds in the gardens.

Chemical composition

The healing properties of the aerial parts of the plant are explained by the rich content of beneficial substances. Doctors have studied it well. The leaves, which are most often used to create medicines, are present:

And vitamins:

  • thiamine (B1),
  • Riboflavin (B2)
  • alpha tocopherol (E),
  • ascorbic acid (C).

AND minerals:

The chemical composition of the vine is somewhat similar to ginseng, but the latter contains much less saponins. For comparison, there are about 80 species in the gynostemma and 26 in ginseng.

Use in traditional medicine

In China, where traditional medicine still enjoys great confidence, the gynostemma has been used as a medicinal plant since the thirteenth century. The Chinese love to brew tea from leaves and believe that it is he who brings longevity. This traditional means of Chinese medicine is primarily advised for physical and emotional stress. Today, grass is included in many dietary supplements and tea blends. In addition, the plant helps to get rid of a variety of diseases, bring the body to a tone, relax the nervous system, turn on the inhibition of aging processes, improve metabolism, cleanse the body, and establish cell saturation with oxygen.

Under the beneficial effects of plants fall digestive, immune, nervous, cardiovascular and reproductive systems.

Long-term use of gynostemma-based products as part of complex therapy allows improving the patient’s condition during such diseases:

  • diabetes because it has the effect of lowering blood sugar,
  • hypertension, due to the ability to stabilize blood pressure,
  • obesity, as it contributes to the establishment of metabolic processes and the normalization of weight,
  • atherosclerosis, because it removes harmful cholesterol from the blood.

Ginosthemma is also used as prophylactic against:

  • blood clots
  • malignant tumors
  • development of hypertension,
  • stroke
  • heart attack.

Useful teas folk healers advise drinking to athletes to increase physical activity and endurance, people whose work is associated with mental work, or those who are engaged in heavy physical exertion.

For cooking one cup of healthy drink You will need two or three small spoons of crushed fresh leaves, or one or two small spoons of dried leaves. They need to be poured over 250 ml of boiled water cooled for a minute (when pouring boiling water a lot of valuable substances will evaporate) prepared from purified water. Tea will be ready to eat after five minutes. It has a sweet taste with a slight bitterness.

The same leaves can be brewed two more times. However, the preservation of the drink is not subject. For a therapeutic effect, it must be consumed freshly brewed.

It is not recommended to drink a hot drink after four in the evening, otherwise it will be difficult to fall asleep. Every day you can consume up to one liter of tea. It should be drunk after meals.

Daily tea is shown to people with chronic fatigue, quickly fatigued, having trouble sleeping, residing in stress. Before drinking it every day for any serious illness, you will need to consult a doctor. It is he who must paint the regimen and dosage.

Tea from ginostemma is contraindicated for pregnant, lactating mothers, children up to three years old, and people with individual plant intolerance.

Sowing seeds for seedlings

Seeds require some preparation - soaking for a day in warm water. The substrate for planting is prepared from a mixture of humus or compost with sand. You can also purchase a special substrate in the store. The earth is scattered in small pots and seeds are placed in them, deepening by 2-3 cm. It is desirable to cover the pots with a film to create the effect of a mini-greenhouse. Airing will be necessary once a day.

For the growth of seedlings it is necessary to ensure the air temperature at the level of 20-23 ° C. As soon as sprouts appear from the ground, the film should be removed.

Landing in open ground

For planting seedlings in open ground, you must choose a well-lit area, but one that is not always under the sun's rays. The best conditions for their growth are bright diffused light or partial shade.

Planting is done when the soil warms to a temperature of 14-15 ° C.

Substrate for planting need to take loose, nutritious. It should pass air and moisture well. Seedlings are placed in the landing pit by the method of transshipment.

Support is required for this culture. It is better to plant it near the walls, fences, gazebos, or to build accessories that are convenient for weaving shoots.

Watering and moisture

The plant loves moderate regular watering - once in 7-12 days. In the summer - more abundant, but not before waterlogging. In winter, the number and volume of watering will need to be reduced. Drying of the earth coma is undesirable.

When it is too dry outside, it is advisable to spray it with settled water.

Top dressing and preparation for winter

The first two years of plant feeding will not be needed. It will receive all the necessary substances from the nutrient soil. In the future, in the spring, it will be necessary to mulch it 5-10 cm with a layer of humus or compost. A year later, you can start feeding "Kemira" (30-40 g per bush).

Since the plant is a perennial, then in the winter it will need to be cut under the root, leaving 3-5 cm above-ground parts, and the roots should be well warmed with spruce leaves, dry leaves, and peat. Despite the fact that it is quite cold-resistant, winter temperatures below -15 ° C will not withstand the gynostemma. In the spring, she re-releases the shoots.

Also, the plant can be transplanted for the winter in a pot and placed in a greenhouse or in room conditions.

Diseases and pests

The greatest danger to the gynostemma, as a pumpkin representative, is spider mite and melon aphid. Spider mite and melon aphid Shrinking the leaves and covering them and sprouts with spiderwebs clearly testifies to tick infestation. If time does not begin treatment, the plant can be lost. Since this parasite develops in dry air conditions, it is necessary to spray more often in the summer. Also one of the methods of prevention is to remove weeds, thorough autumn harvesting of dry plant residues and tillage. For treatment using spraying infusion of onion peel (200 g per 10 liters). With a strong infection process drugs based on chloroethanol.

With the defeat of melon aphids, the leaves will be covered with spots, curl, and on the bottom of them clusters of harmful insects will be found. The mass invasion of aphids will require spraying "Karbofos."

Of the diseases of the gynostemma can affect:

  1. Bacteriosis - manifested as brown spots on the leaves. Prevention and treatment is in the treatment of copper oxychloride or Bordeaux mixture.
  2. White rot - white bloom appears on the leaves, shoots, roots. The affected organs of the plant are removed, the cut sites are sprinkled with crushed coal or rubbed with copper sulphate. Signs of plant damage from these diseases
  3. Root rot - characteristic features: russeting of roots and stems, constrictions on the root system. In order to prevent the disease, it is necessary to remove weeds, plant debris, apply foliar feeding.
  4. Mealy dew - it is shown by a white mealy raid on leaves. With a strong distribution help treatment with colloidal sulfur, sodium phosphate disubstituted.

Harvesting and storage of raw materials

Plant leaves for medicinal purposes harvested in summer. They are cut off and dried under a canopy or in a shaded place where direct sunlight does not fall. For two weeks, the raw materials will need to be mixed periodically.

After drying, the leaves should be stored in bags of natural fabrics or glass containers. Dry leaves will retain their healing properties for 12 months. The guinosthem five-leaf is a unique plant. On the one hand, it has decorative properties and is widely used to decorate areas and as an indoor, greenhouse plant. On the other hand, its medicinal properties have been proven as mainly anti-lipid, antioxidant, tonic and tonic. At the same time, it can be grown in the garden or at a regular cottage, without requiring special care.