Celery - spicy aromatic vegetable plant. Its leaves and petioles are used fresh, the roots are fresh and cooked.
All parts of celery can be used as a seasoning when canning vegetables. Celery is similar to parsley in taste and appearance, but has a sharp and pronounced aroma.
Celery has become a cultivated plant in ancient times. It was used not only as an edible, but also as a medicinal plant. Traditional medicine recommends taking celery juice with sugar as a cough medicine.
Celery is saved from gout, rheumatism and other inflammations of muscles and joints. The vegetable saturated with spicy essential oils increases the excretion of urine by the kidneys, cleanses the blood, stimulates the appetite, strengthens the heartbeat and improves the metabolism.
Celery types for planting
In the culture of cultivated 3 types of celery:
The most common in vegetable gardens received celery root. This happened due to the fact that the roots of the plant can be stored for a long time in the cellar, because it is more difficult to grow root celery than petiolate and leaf celery. It has a long growing season, so in the south of the country the root celery is grown seedlings.
In most regions, the root celery variety Apple is zoned. It is early, high-yielding, with delicate white flesh. The root crop is round in shape and small in size - with a chicken egg.
Celery is an umbrella family. The closest relatives are parsley and carrots. Like these vegetables, celery is a biennial plant. In the first year you can get roots and greens from it, in the second - seeds.
How to prepare a place for planting celery
Good celery root is obtained on highly fertile and cultivated garden soils with abundant watering. The vegetative period of root celery is up to 190 days, so without growing the seedlings the culture cannot be obtained. Celery can tolerate partial darkening, but in a strong shade, plants are damaged by fungal diseases.
The best predecessor of the root celery will be vegetables, under which contributed increased doses of organic matter, for example, cabbage or cucumbers. Even if in the previous year a lot of manure or humus was applied to the plot, you can add a little organic matter when planting celery, because when planting root celery on the garden bed is completed, the manure will not have to be applied - it will lead to an outbreak of diseases.
Planting celery seedlings in open ground is conducted from the beginning of May, as it can tolerate a short fall in temperature. The scheme of planting celery in open ground - 15 cm in a row and 40 cm between the rows. When planting seedlings, make sure that the central part of the bush is not covered with earth.
Otherwise, planting celery and leaf celery. Growing stalked and leaf celery does not cause difficulties. Even a beginner gardener can grow plants so that they are saturated with aroma and have excellent taste.
Celery varieties, which will use leaves and petioles as food, are planted according to the 20 x 30 cm scheme. It is impossible to apply compost, and especially manure in the spring, before planting seedlings in the garden, as this will lead to the accumulation of nitrates in the green.
If you want to grow seeds of root celery yourself for sowing, you need to plant a root crop in the cellar in the spring in the spring. Young leaves will quickly grow from it, and after this the root crop will throw up a straight tall stalk, at the end of which an inflorescence-umbrella will open. Celery will bloom in mid-July. Seeds will ripen in early August, after the plant will die.
Features of growing celery
When growing root celery in open ground, use agronomic techniques:
- the culture loves water, the soil should not be allowed to dry out - from planting to harvest, the garden bed should be wet,
- at the end of July, root crops are fed with superphosphate, and in a week - with boric acid,
- when growing root celery, use the opposite method of hilling - from the root several times during the season move the soil back,
- Keep the soil loose.
- when otbrebanii soil from the roots at the same time cut the horizontal roots, departing from the main - they are not needed and harmful, as they prevent the increase of the main root, and therefore reduce the size of the root,
- cut the horizontal roots with a knife
- leaves of celery root are edible, but during the summer do not cut them, so as not to interfere with the formation of the root,
- cut the leaves in early September, when the root grows intensively,
- cut off only the extreme leaves - young leaves on the vertical petioles, located in the center of the outlet, leave.
Harvesting celery root is one of the final operations that are carried out at the dacha. Vegetable is removed late, as it can withstand frosts down to -3 o C.
Growing celery seedlings
Celery root is produced by seedlings. Celery stalk and leaf celery can be sown with seeds in open ground, but when growing seedlings, you can get early vitamin greens. Another leaf celery can be grown just on the windowsill in the apartment.
From leaf varieties for growing from seeds on the windowsill fit Zakhar and Kartuli. The best varieties of stalked celery from gardeners are Malachite and Golden.
When purchasing seeds of any of the celery varieties, pay attention to the date of receiving the seeds - they, like carrots, quickly lose their germination. Sow only fresh seeds collected in the previous year. Biennial seeds reduce germination at times.
Acquire varieties of different ripening terms - this will allow you to have fresh greens during the whole warm season. Soak the seeds for three days before sowing, then sow in boxes or individual cups. Do this in March, hoping that by the time the seedlings of the root and stalked celery were transplanted into the ground, it would be 60 days. Tanks fill with loose mixture, which includes leaf humus, peat and sand.
To make small seeds evenly in the boxes, mix them with sand. Seal the seeds at a depth of 1 cm and sprinkle with a layer of peat. Celery goes together at a temperature of 20 degrees.
The seedlings will appear no sooner than in a week, since the seeds contain many ethers that prevent germination. Stale seeds can sprout 2 weeks. Do not allow the soil to dry out, otherwise the seeds will not grow.
The containers are watered with warm water, directing the stream through a small sieve so as not to blur the upper layer of the soil. After the emergence of shoots, the temperature is reduced to 15 degrees to protect the seedlings from stretching.
Further care will be to keep the ground in the boxes wet and ventilate the seedlings to prevent the appearance of blackleg and other diseases. When the first leaves appear, the seedlings are removed from the soil and planted one plant in cups, trying not to damage the central part of the outlet, from which new leaves will appear.
The transplanted seedlings are placed on a bright window-sill, so that new leaflets appear faster on them. Before disembarking, seedlings are hardened, exposing them daily to the balcony for several hours.
At the first stage of growth, plants grow slowly and need good care and weeding, as fast-growing weeds can drown out young plants, which only take root and are weak.
Feeding root celery begin two weeks after planting the garden bed. When it becomes noticeable that the plants have taken root and set off to grow, they make a second feeding, and when the roots start to form, the third. With each feeding contribute 10 grams. urea, the same amount of potassium and 50 grams. superphosphate per square. m. All before making dissolve in warm water.
Celery root grows until October. It is necessary to complete the cleaning before the onset of severe frosts. Before a continuous harvesting, you can pick up the roots selectively for thinning.
Thin out the celery should be carefully, so as not to injure the neighboring roots. It is better to use a narrow scoop, since damage is inevitable when cleaning with a fork. During the mass harvesting of root crops, the outer leaves immediately break off, leaving three central ones. Cut the leaves with a knife can not.
Broken greens can be dried and used in cooking. Root vegetables are dried and stored.
Rules of growing stalked and leaf celery
The beds under the celery stem is better to cook in the fall. They dig and cut the furrows to a depth of 30 centimeters, the distance between the furrows - about 40 centimeters. The grooves are filled with manure or compost. Trenches are needed so that the celery stalks bleached, acquired a snow-white shade and delicate flavor without bitterness.
There are self-bleaching varieties that do not need to be grown in trenches and spud. They do not withstand frost, and their stalks are not so appetizing and crispy.
Step-by-step cultivation of stalked celery in open ground
- Early in the spring, scatter the complex mineral fertilizer over the surface of the soil, dug up in the fall, and close up with a rake.
- Consider that in the initial period of growth celery requires increased doses of nitrogen, so one month after transplanting the plant, feed urea at the rate of a tablespoon per square meter of planting - dissolve the fertilizer in water and water the beds.
- When transplanting young plants to the garden, make sure that the socket remains above the soil level, and around the transplanted plants, seal the soil with your palms.
- As the petioles grow back, pour ground into the grooves.
- All summer, see that the bed does not dry out.
- After each watering bed loosen and weed.
- When the stalked celery grows by 30 centimeters, attach the stalks to the bundle and tie with a bandage, without injuring the stems.
- The whole plant, except for the upper leaves, wrap with dark paper so that the leaves look out from above like from a vase. The reception allows you to whiten the petioles, as a result of them the bitterness goes away and they pour juice.
Self-bleaching varieties can be grown in simple beds like parsley. They do not need to bind and somehow especially care for them. To make the petioles sweeter, the plant can be rolled into a ring and laid on a layer of straw, sprinkled on top with straw too.
Planting and cultivation of leaf celery
Minimum labor requires the cultivation of celery leaf. Care is reduced to weeding, loosening and constant watering.
We can not allow the bed to form a crust. To do this, mulch the soil with sawdust or dry grass. As in the case of root and stalked celery, when growing leaf it is necessary to ensure that the center of the bush does not fall asleep - this leads to a stunted growth and decay of the rosette.
The first greens from the leafed celery sown in the open ground can be obtained after 2 months. The loss of several stems ahead of time will not lead to the inhibition of the plant, the main thing is not to tear the young leaves in the central part of the bush.
Cultivation of stalked celery in the open field: methods and recommendations for the care
Valuable and useful vegetable culture, which is famous for its healing properties, is stalked celery. Cultivation and care in the open field is not difficult, but the procedure involves many nuances. To obtain a large crop, it is necessary to study the rules of growing and caring for the plant, constantly adding, thinning and fertilizing the plant.
Nowadays, celery is one of the main green inhabitants who came to the table from the garden. It is used not only for medicinal purposes, but also added to various dishes. All trace elements and beneficial substances found in the plant heal the human body and strengthen it.
On the beneficial properties of stalked celery can talk for hours. It not only rejuvenates the body, but also enriches it with acids, proteins, vitamins and minerals. In addition, celery:
- Supports immunity.
- Calms the nervous system.
- Treats vascular and heart pathologies.
- Prevents infectious diseases.
- Treats diseases of the kidneys, urinary and genital systems.
- Relieves hypertension.
- It acts as an antiseptic, helps with inflammatory processes.
- Facilitates the absorption of proteins.
- Excellent effect on the digestive tract.
- Celery is often taken as a prophylactic against atherosclerosis.
After viewing all the points, it becomes clear that growing stalked celery on a home garden bed brings many benefits not only to adults, but also to children.
Despite all the beneficial properties, experts do not recommend consuming celery celery in large quantities. Especially you need to refrain pregnant women under 28 weeks and lactating mothers. The fact is that celery contains essential oils and substances that can provoke premature birth.
Also, celery is contraindicated for people suffering from:
- varicose veins,
- thyroid disease.
Excessive consumption negatively affects the brain, stimulates the secretion of juice in the stomach. You need to be careful, because improper diet contributes to the appearance of many diseases.
Before you begin to use and grow celery stalk in your garden, you should consult with your doctor and find out whether this ingredient is beneficial in your diet.
How to eat celery
Celery - is a multifaceted vegetable, it is used in different guises. Many people prefer to eat the root vegetable raw or add it to a variety of foods: salads or served as a side dish. Celery is used in Chinese, French, English cuisines. It is used as a seasoning, dried, boiled, make decoctions and squeeze the juice.
Celery juice cleanses the kidneys, removes harmful substances from the body, improves skin tone and acts as a fat burning agent. Celery enriches the body with nutrients and relieves pain.
Growing stalked celery through seedlings makes it possible to use young plant shoots as a separate dish.
A variety of recipes using stalked celery will enrich the diet, as it goes well with other products.
Types and celery varieties
The taste and characteristics of the cultivation of celery is divided into three main types:
- Sheet. This species is grown to get leaves full of vitamins.
- Celery stalk. Grown in the open field to obtain beneficial processes that enrich the diet.
- Root view. Glorified by its root system, as root vegetables are good for the body.
Celery varieties surprise with their diversity. They differ in properties, method of application and external indicators. The most popular varieties are "Bodrost", "Nezhny", "Zakhar", "Golden", "Jung", "White Feather", "Diamant", "Maxim".
How to use celery
Due to its beneficial properties, celery occupies one of the leading places in traditional medicine. Healers use it to treat a variety of diseases, for example:
- A stomach ulcer. To prepare, pour hot tea with a teaspoon of chopped celery root, set on a slow fire. When the broth is boiling, insist ten minutes and filter.
- Kidney disease. For the broth will need seeds, pour them with water and bring to a boil, then remove from heat and add a spoonful of honey. If stones are already formed in the kidneys, it is better not to take the broth.
- Allergic reactions. To allergies go faster, you need to prepare an infusion of celery. Take four teaspoons of milled root and pour water. Ready mixture leave for three hours to insist.
- Purulent inflammations. We make porridge-like mass out of the petioles and smear the inflamed areas with it.
Self-grown stalked celery is considered more natural than that purchased from the store shelf or on the market. Men use it as an aphrodisiac. Celery contains Androsterone - a hormone that increases potency. Also, the plant is used as a remedy for prostatitis.