Lakonos quite recently appeared with us. The peculiarity of the plant is that it causes a lot of debate. Some consider it a beautiful flower, worthy to decorate the gardens. Others see a dangerous plant in laconosa, even poisonous.
One thing can be said for sure: the laconus or phytolacca, as it is also called, has a decorative effect that really deserves attention. Therefore, many people are interested in how to grow laconos, how to care for him and what properties this wonderful plant has.
Description of the flower with a photo
Phytolacca has the appearance of a herbaceous plant. He was given another name - “the mighty American root.” And all because it is in its root contains many useful properties, vitamins. Lakonos can grow up to 3 meters in height. The plant tolerates frost well, loves a lot of moisture. Its stems are thick, branchy and have a reddish tint. Leaves grow on short petioles. They have an oblong shape, pointed to the top.
Laconosa inflorescences are small flowers of burgundy hue. They are collected in a brush, quite dense. At first, the flowers have a light shade, almost white. But over time, the color changes to dark red. Fitolacca blooms in summer. The flowering period lasts from the first summer month and lasts until September. In August, as a rule, fruits appear. They have the appearance of juicy dark-colored berries: black with a purple tint. The surface of the berries is shiny.
The plant came to us from North America. Among the other relatives of this flower the most common and often found is Laconos American. In many countries of the world, phytolacca is considered to be a drug and is even listed in the relevant state registries.
Lakonos American likes to grow in the shade. If direct sunlight hits the leaves, they quickly wither and lose their decorative effect. The plant was chosen by various abandoned plantations, where there is a lot of space, as well as roadsides, bushes. Today lacunosa has gone beyond America and has spread to Russia, Ukraine, the Caucasus, and also to Europe.
In the people Lakanos American has many other names: “fat grass”, “Jewish ivy”, “Kermes berries”.
Healing and beneficial properties
Lakonos has many useful properties. It helps to heal wounds and fight rheumatism, relieves inflammation. In addition, the plant has a laxative, anthelmintic, diuretic and expectorant effects.
Useful properties due to the fact that the plant contains a lot of useful trace elements, vitamins, etc. They have essential oils and saponins, sucrose and formic acid, flavonoids and fatty oils. As for vitamins, lacunos contains:
The latter is called thiamine, it participates in blood formation. He is also an antioxidant, is involved in metabolic processes.
For example, to combat rheumatic pains, fitolakki roots are used. You can take both dry and fresh rhizomes, which are chopped and poured with vodka for 2 weeks. The infusion should be stored in a dark cool place. After that, it is filtered and applied as a compress to the sore spots.
Tincture of lacunosa also helps with pharyngitis, laryngitis, tonsillitis. Used infusion and to eliminate neurological complications after infectious diseases.
Alcohol tincture of the plant is used to improve immunity, it is taken orally and in the form of compresses.
They are afraid of this plant and inflammatory lesions on the skin: growths, herpes, boils.
Roots and juice lakonosa - a good homeopathic remedy. They affect the lymphatic system, muscular system, bone tissue.
Hypertensives can drink a decoction of the berries of Fitolacca.
Constipation can be eliminated with powders or extracts from this plant.
But do not forget that the plant is considered poisonous. Therefore, it has a number of contraindications, which need to be aware of.
- Firstly, it should not be taken strictly by minors.
- Secondly, fitolakka contraindicated in pregnant women.
The medications that make it up can trigger a miscarriage. Also, with great caution you need to take laconic nursing mothers. This is allowed only after consulting a doctor.
Things are less severe with phytolacca medicines for external use. But even in this case, we should not forget about the possibility of allergies or individual intolerance.
Application of berries lakonosa, recipes
Laconos is used in medicine and cooking. Cooks use the berries of the plant, as well as its young shoots. But this is done quite rarely, because the flower contains poison. Previously, phytolacca was added to wine beverages to improve color. Today, this is practically not done.
Most often, cooking is used not lakonos American, and another variety - berry. It is grown as a vegetable culture. Thanks to the pleasant taste and aroma, the young leaves of the plant are used as food.
But still, medicine is an industry in which Fitolacca is used much more often. Medicines, which include this plant, can be found in pharmacies. Most often, these are homeopathic remedies for radiculitis, sciatica, and throat diseases.
For example, it is possible to prepare medicine for the treatment of joints from a plant.
Laconosa leaves need to fill with warm water and close. For 2 weeks the container with them is left in a place where the light does not fall.
After that, during the month tincture can be used. She rubbed the joints, back. Can be made from the prepared extract and compresses.
Otitis, laryngitis and tonsillitis are treated with tincture of the roots of the plant.
10 g of raw materials must be poured with alcohol (100 ml). In this form, the drug should be infused for 2 weeks. Then it is taken by 15 drops inside up to 4 times a day. This tool can also strengthen the immune system.
To combat skin diseases used ointment from lacunosa.
To do this, the roots of the plant must first be chopped and then chopped, for example, using a coffee grinder. Then they are ground in a mortar. The result should be a mass that looks like a powder. It must be mixed with unsalted butter. The proportion is 1:10.
It is very important to take care when preparing your eyes. If the plant sap gets into them, conjunctivitis may occur.
It is important to know that all medications that contain laconos must be taken strictly by prescription, while respecting the dosage. If you overdo it and take too much, then there will be overdose symptoms. These include vomiting and diarrhea, convulsions and headache, impaired speech and coordination.
Choosing the right place for laconosa
Despite the exotic look of a laconos, planting and care are not difficult at all. It is best to plant it in a well-lit place. In the partial shade of the plant does not suffer, just the berries will be a little later. The soil should be loose and cultivated. Since the root system in laconosa is quite strong, it tolerates frost normally and is drought tolerant.
Sowing seeds of laconosa
Mainly reproduction of laconosa occurs by seeds. They can be purchased at specialized stores or at exhibitions for gardeners. Seeding laconosa is carried out directly into the soil before winter or spring. Seeds lightly sprinkled with soil and carry out watering until the first shoots. Young shoots need to weed, after which the weeds they will not be afraid. Lakonos will bloom in 1-2 years.
Care and cultivation of lacunosaGrowing laconosa is best done on any bright ground. You need to choose a place for it without drafts and protected from the wind. This will help protect the plant from freezing. Lakonos likes abundant watering, but can tolerate drought normally, thanks to the deep root system. Even in severe drought, it looks beautiful on the garden plot. Feed laconosa fertilizer mineral and organic substances of young plants after 2 weeks after germination. An adult plant doesn’t need any additional fertilizing; you can apply mineral fertilizers during the period when lakonos blooms (since July).
In the first winter after planting, the plant may suffer from unusual frosts, so it is better to take care of its safety. For a normal wintering plant is best to mulch. It should be covered with peat, humus or other type of mulch 10 cm above the plant. This will help preserve the young plant and increase the frost resistance of laconosa.
Reproduction lacunosa division rhizomes
Lakonos reproduction by means of dividing the bush makes it possible to get new shoots right in the garden plot.To do this, gently dig up the tubers in early spring and separate the processes formed in the autumn. They are planted in a pre-selected place and watered abundantly. At 10-15 days you can already see the first young shoots. Thus, we see that the agricultural technique of the American Laconosa is a rather simple and not laborious process.
The American Lakonos, with proper planting and care, will decorate any personal plot with its unusual and exotic look. The plant is in demand among experienced gardeners and amateurs due to its beauty and simple care.
Loconos - The American guest is distinguished by delightful flowering and amazing decorative fruits.
About six years ago, quite by chance, in one of the horticultural centers I was offered to purchase an unusual plant - laconosa. It was inexpensive and, yielding to the advice and colorful stories of the consultant about the unusual appearance of this plant and its low prevalence among fans, I bought this “miracle”.
I was pleased with this new handsome man in the very first season, but there were some surprises - he died out in the very first winter. But I will not hurry, I will tell everything in order, because the end of this story is still happy. There are about 35 species of lacunosa, mainly in America. Only one species is common on the territory of the CIS - American laconus (Phytolacca americana) or Laconos ten-speychikov (Phytolacca decandra) of the phytolacca family (Phytolaccaceae). It has widely spread as a weed plant in dwellings, along roads, in vegetable gardens in the Caucasus, in the plains and foothill regions of Transcaucasia and Ciscaucasia.
Its popular names are greasy grass, Jewish ivy, lentil berries, kermes berries. It is a powerful herbaceous perennial with a thick, strong, woody green (sometimes reddish) annually dying stem with a height of 1 to 3 m. Stem root, thick with a many-headed rhizome, growing to a depth of more than half a meter, resembling an elongated turnip of white-pink color. Wintering dormant buds are laid on it. The leaves of lacunosa are alternate, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, large, 10–20 cm long and 3–6 cm wide, with a strongly prominent median vein, they are green, and later reddening. The flowers of the plant are small - about 0.5 cm in diameter, collected in dense inflorescences - elongated brushes up to 15 cm long and about 2 cm wide. Flowering lokonos begins in July and lasts until the end of August, and in September the berries ripen, forming a dense brush. Brilliant, as if varnished berries, at first dark red, and then almost black. The juice of their dark red color (hence the name of the plant: in Latin, it means "red juice"). Flowers and fruits are directed vertically upwards, resembling candles on a Christmas tree. And at the time of ripening of black berries, the bush of a lokonos stands as if topped with dark shiny candles, similar to a candelabrum.
The attractive appearance of its fruits is deceptive, as they are poisonous. However, despite this their property, before they were used to improve the color of wine. And in the wine-growing regions of Southern Europe, this juice is still used to color light wines. In the US Pharmacopoeia, preparations of laconosa are used in the treatment of certain diseases. The leaves of our handsome contain a large amount of oxalic acid. An alkaloid phytolancin and an essential oil with a pungent smell and pungent taste are found in the roots of the plant. The fruits, leaves, roots and seeds of lacunosa contain saponins, tannins, bitterness, and sugars. Varnishes are unpretentious and can grow on any fertile soil. Still rare in our gardens, this plant has been cultivated in Europe since 1615, and it appeared there as an intruder.
Lakonos is not picky about soil, grows well both in the shade and in sunny areas, on light, moderate and not too acidic (pH 5.5-6.5) soils. It is rather moisture-loving, but, possessing a powerful root system, well provides itself with moisture. In the fall, with the onset of frosts, the stems are cut off at the base, and the plant is covered for the winter with peat, humus or leaf litter with a layer of up to 10 cm. To my regret, in the first winter I did not provide a correct wintering for the loon bearer, and therefore it died out. But I did not think to part with such a beautiful plant. The next spring, I purchased the seeds and revived it through sowing. Around the middle of June, seedlings were planted and the next season received 15 young plants of Laconosa, which already bloomed beautifully. If you also want to propagate your lacinus seeds, then they should be sown freshly harvested and unpeeled from the pulp, without deep into the ground. Friendly shoots appear in the spring, when the ground is warm enough. Some seedlings will bloom in the same year, in August. Lakonos can also be propagated by dividing the rhizomes in early spring.
Now there are a lot of lacunos in my garden, and they all grew from seeds. Year after year they grow stronger and amaze us with their size and delightful flowering. And with the approach of autumn, their black, fleshy fruits are wonderfully combined with the blooming colchium and autumn rudbeckia. And how can you even suggest that summer is coming to an end ?!
Choosing a place to land
Like any other plant, Lakonos American will feel best in conditions as close as possible to natural ones. Since the plant is tropical, even despite its relative simplicity in the care, it is thermophilic.
First of all, Fitolacca American does not tolerate spring and autumn frosts, however, like any other. Cold winds and drafts will not add to growth either. Separately, it is worth taking care of the lighting - the plant is very light-loving and with insufficient lighting loses activity.
As for the soil, there is no need for special care - Lakonos, successfully developed on almost any type of soil. A nutritious black earth and light, sandy-peaty ground and even loam will suit, but only on condition of quality drainage.
This American is quite moisture-loving, but, like most of these species, it does not tolerate overflow - there should be plenty of moisture, but only in moderation.
Planting and growing
This tropical handsome breed multiplies seed method or by dividing the bush. With amateur breeding another one appears - planting seedlings, which can be purchased in specialized stores. But still, if there is an opportunity, it is better to prepare the seed yourself.
For planting, you can buy ready-made seeds, but, unfortunately, they do not always give good germination, so it is better to prepare the seed material yourself. For this, it is enough to collect the ripened Lakonos berries in the fall and disperse them on a previously dug-up garden bed, slightly sprinkling it with the soil. Already in spring, with the first heat, shoots will appear, from which it will be necessary to select the strongest and transplant them to a permanent growing place. For this, the seedlings are dug together with a lump of earth and only in this form are transplanted - the roots do not tolerate drying out.
Lakonos American grows very quickly, releases arrows, which soon become covered with flowers. This plant is quite large and tends to inhibit neighboring plants, so when planting, it should be taken into account - each bush should have room for free growth.
The lakonos, literally in a couple of weeks, grows to a meter in height, so you need to be in time with a timely transplant. It is best to do this when the plant has reached 10 to 15 centimeters of growth. Planted seedlings in flower beds in such a way that the inter-custa distance is at least 70 centimeters, and you should use the special property of the plant - it scares off pests. Therefore, it will be wise to plant Lakonos around the perimeter of the site and thus ensure the natural protection of other plants.
Caring for Lakonos is its timely watering, mulching and feeding the soil. Mulching should be carried out in the summer and in preparing the plant for the winter, and nutritious feeding, during the whole spring-summer season. Best suited ready-made complexes, rich in organic matter and mineral compounds.
We have already said that Lakonos is American, the plant is very thermophilic, and therefore needs to be especially thoroughly protected from the cold. Therefore, in early spring, when night frosts are still possible, and the plant is already letting leaves, you need to protect it. Для этого устанавливают специальные дуги и натягивают на них лутрасил – прозрачный материал, обеспечивающий тепличные условия. Снимать такое укрытие можно только после окончательного потепления и снятия риска заморозков.
Для крупного Лаконоса, желательно организовать подпору, установив рядом со стеблем опорную рейку. This condition is mandatory if the plant grows in a windy area.
Preparing for the winter
In late autumn, with the onset of cold weather, the stem of the Lakonos begins to die off. At the same time, the underground part of the season is developing quite strongly and requires warming. Therefore, caring for a plant before hibernation consists in cutting off the dead aerial part and warming it, its roots with the help of a layer of peat, coniferous bark or humus.
Watering for this period is significantly limited.
Lakonos - a plant quite toxic, and absolutely in all parts. Poisonous berries, stems, leaves and rhizomes. Because of this, care for him should be done very carefully, using personal protective equipment, especially for people suffering from allergic reactions. It is necessary to avoid direct contact of the plant with the skin, especially if it is damaged.
If you have small children, it is better to completely abandon the cultivation of Lakonos, since children are particularly sensitive to toxins. When they come into contact with the plant, headaches, nausea and vomiting can occur, and in case of eating its berries, paralysis, convulsions and any other dangerous unpredictable consequences can occur.
The use of Lakonos for medicinal purposes
Despite the high toxicity of this plant, it has a number of healing properties and with moderate use of drugs based on it, it can bring considerable benefits, but only under the supervision of a physician. We describe some of the most common recipes:
- In case of problems with joints and radiculitis, Fitolacca extract helps. The leaves of the plant are poured with boiling water, insist two weeks and during the month make compresses on the affected areas,
- To fight wen, apply ripe fruit, which is ground into a homogeneous substance and applied daily to problem areas. Every time, you need to prepare a fresh remedy,
- For the healing of tumors and poorly staggered, purulent wounds, apply freshly squeezed juice of ripe Lakonos fruits,
- Polyarthritis and osteochondrosis are well treated with alcohol tincture of Lakonos root. The tool is used by rubbing into the skin,
- If you have problems with the digestive system, you can use the dried fruits of Lakonos, but only if there are no negative side effects.
As you can see, Lakonos American, despite its toxicity, can be a healing tool that helps in many situations, but it should be used very carefully and if such symptoms of poisoning appear, you should immediately stop such treatment and consult a doctor.