Sumpia is an elegant and beautiful plant that many gardeners dream of decorating their country plot. It acquires special charm during flowering. Like other representatives of the flora, skumapia requires care. In this article we will talk about the features of this plant, present its description and give useful tips to those who plan to grow skumpyi in the suburbs.
This is a genus of deciduous plants that belong to the Sumach family. It grows in Eurasia (in areas with a temperate climate), and in the eastern part of North America.
Among the skumpy There are both trees and shrubs. The height of shrubs usually reaches 2–5 m. The height of trees usually does not exceed 12 m. The sumac flowers are small, yellowish-whitish or greenish, collected in small brooms. The wood of the plant also has a yellow-green shade.
Types of Scumpy
We have already mentioned above that the genus of skumpins is represented by both shrubs and trees. This genus of plants, like any other, includes several species:
- green skumpiya (most suitable for planting in the garden),
- American skoumpia or obovate,
We describe each of them in more detail.
Green skumpiya - a very unpretentious plant, which is often found in gardens. Often it is used for the manufacture of hedges. It tolerates harsh weather conditions (for example, severe frost). In early autumn, the plant produces green fruit. Its flowers are originally green, but gradually change their color to pink. The most widespread varieties such as Royal Purple (Royal Purple) and Young Lady (Young Lady).
Royal Purple - This is an ornamental plant that grows in Europe. Also can be found in Moscow and the Moscow region. But, having stopped the choice on this grade, it is necessary to consider that he does not like a cold. The height of the bush usually does not exceed 1.5 m. The purple-red leaves of this sumac species later turn purple.
Variety skumpii leather Young lady perfectly adapts to the climatic conditions of Russia, so it can be safely grown in the suburbs. Plants of this species are unpretentious. Differ in frost resistance. As in the case of Royal Purple, the bushes reach a height of 1.5 m.
American Sugar - a small tree, the height of which in our climatic conditions does not exceed 5 m. He came to us from the South-Eastern part of the USA. The leaves are green, but in autumn they turn red. Trees are able to withstand cold, but still can not withstand severe frosts. At the same time, skumpiya is unpretentious in care and does not require special growing conditions, therefore even a novice gardener will be able to cope with it.
Coggiria differs from other members of this genus with bright yellow leaves of unusual shape. But this plant is not capable endure severe frosts, so it is not recommended to plant it in the Moscow region.
Use of skumpii
The scope of application of this plant is very wide. First of all skumpy tanning plant in order to prevent soil erosion. Often soums are used in industry. Carpentry and musical instruments are made of its wood. The leaves and shoots of sumach contains a yellow dye that is capable of dyeing silk and skin in yellow and orange. And in the roots of the plant contains a red dye. Since the leaves contain a large amount of tannins (substances with tannic properties), they are used for tanning leather.
Not gone unnoticed and healing properties. Decoction of roots of skumpii used as a febrifuge. Broth from the roots and leaves treat stomatitis and pharyngitis. In folk medicine, bleeding wounds and burns are rubbed with a solution and a decoction of this plant.
Scumpia: planting and care in the suburbs
Most gardeners claim that skumpiya is a picky plant. However, even the most impartial representative of the flora can die if you do not follow the rules of planting and care. Sumy seedlings are quite expensive, so you can not be irresponsible to the process of planting and caring for him.
In order to skumpiya Growing up safely and not wilting, you need to choose the right place. Best for the plant is suitable bright and sunny place. You can plant sumac where there is light partial shade. The main thing is that the young plant is far from other trees: their powerful crowns can obscure the young shrub, which will negatively affect its growth. When choosing a place, it is important to pay attention to the area’s airing. Sumy does not like a strong wind, so it should be planted in a place protected from the wind.
For skumpii it is not so important how fertile the soil is at the site of your choice. Thanks to a developed and extensive root system, the plant receives the necessary nutrition. However, the most favorable for growing considered alkaline, light, waterproof soil.
Sumy does not like excess moisture, so it is better not to plant the plant where ground water lies too close to the surface. Pick a site where the water will not stagnate in the spring and autumn. Since there is a large amount of precipitation on the territory of the Moscow Region, it is necessary to take care of drainage.
The time of planting sumach is directly dependent on the type of root system. If you purchased a seedling with a closed root system, then you can plant a plant from early spring to late autumn. If the root system of skumpii is open, then it is possible to plant such a plant either in spring or in autumn. But if the winter in the region is cold and longit is better to refuse planting sumach during the autumn period.
Despite the fact that skumpiya is one of the most unpretentious plants, it is still necessary to care for it. In summer, sumac should be regularly watered. But watering should be gentle, as she does not like excessive moisture in sums. Need to timely feed the plant and weed it from weeds.
In winter, planted in open field sumas need to cover. However, this procedure should be repeated not every year, but during the first few years after planting. As soon as the plant grows up, it will no longer be afraid of frost.
Another equally important part of skommpii care is pruning. Sanitary pruning is of two types:
As a result of trimming "On the stump" the tree will rejuvenate and become more branchy. In this case, you must leave 8-10 cm from the trunk. With decorative pruning plants, you can give the bush a beautiful shape. Pruning can be carried out both annually and once every 2-3 years. It is best to carry out this procedure in the spring before how the leaves bloom.
There are three main ways of breeding skumagia:
When breeding layering you need to incise the bark on the lower branch of the plant, tilt down and sprinkle with earth. Closer to the fall, you will receive a sapling with a developed root system. It remains only to separate the layering from the main bush.
In order to propagate skumpiyu cuttings, it is necessary to cut cuttings from a healthy plant. After removing some of the leaves, they need to be planted in a greenhouse. By the end of the summer you will receive a young plant with an independent root system. The months most favorable for carrying out this procedure are June and July.
The most difficult is considered seminal breeding method. Collected in August - September, the seeds are sown in open ground. This can be done in the fall and spring. The only difference is that for planting in the spring, the seeds need to be prepared (scarify and stratify). In the autumn, it is enough to place the seeds in the soil at a depth of 2 cm.
Diseases and pests
Sumpia is characterized by increased resistance to various diseases. But sometimes the plant can get verticilous wilt. Symptoms of this disease are fading leaves and dying shoots. In order to protect cumin from this disease, it is necessary to regularly loosen the soil, as well as to water and feed the plant.
Pests also rarely precipitate sumas. But sometimes the plant is attacked by insect pests such as fawn leaf beetle, mantle leaflet and small pistachio lounger. To get rid of the unexpected "guests", it is enough to treat the tree with insecticides. In winter, sums can be threatened by hares and rodents. If you do not cover the plant during cold weather, they can damage his bark.
Reviews about skumpii
Gardeners, once tried to grow this plant, shared their experiences. If you are still unsure whether to plant in your summer cottage sum, read the reviews of those who have already decided to plant this shrub.
My husband and I walked along the forest belt and accidentally stumbled upon skumpiyu. They took the shoots and planted on our summer cottage. This is a wonderful plant! I am delighted with him! It blooms very beautifully. Care for him is not very difficult. In general, I am very pleased!
I planted two skumpias on my plot: green and purple. Purple is well accustomed, and green is not very. The leaves at the very top of the tree began to wither. At first I thought it was a rodent, even a pugach installed it, but the problem was not solved. I will continue to look for a solution.
I live in the suburbs. She planted various types of skumpy in her garden. Zelenolistnaya perfectly got accustomed. With the red leaf the first 3 years had to tinker. During the 5 years that I have been cultivating skumpy, I have never had any problems with pests. I also like the way it blooms! Great decoration for the garden.
As you can see from the reviews above, gardeners are happy with this plant. Of course, in the process of growing some of them have to deal with problems: rodents, parasites, diseases. But in general, growing soums is a pleasure for summer residents and gardeners.
However, sanitary pruning in the spring is still necessary: remove dried and frozen frozen branches, as well as underdeveloped ones. Once every two years, it is possible to carry out a rejuvenating pruning, cutting the branches before the start of sap flow approximately two thirds of the length. This stimulates the forcing of young twigs with flower buds.
If the bush is quite old, produce a radical pruning "on the stump." Scumpia will expel new young branches, forming a beautiful spherical crown, delighting you for many more years with a chic look.
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It is impossible to take your eyes off the flowering shrub, but after flowering the skoumpia is no less decorative. And in the fall, the leaves become purple, adding color to the autumn garden. By the way, skumpii inflorescences can be dried and they can decorate their home in the cold season.
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