The grape raisin has long been to the taste of lovers of this berry. There is an opinion that this species mutated on its own, and only later, due to artificial selection, varieties with reduced bones were bred. The most popular is the sweet raisin grapes - sugar content 1/5 of a share. It grows well and is completely unpretentious. This is one of the most prolific grape varieties. Having made a choice in his favor, you will receive a magnificent vineyard, which gives a generous harvest.
What is a raisin?
The homeland of the origin of grapes is kishmish - East. A distinctive feature of it is the absence of seeds, a wax coating on top of the berries and their sweetness. A bunch of grapes weighs about one kilogram.
The shelf life of varieties of raisins is large. It can be called universal grapes. It turns out a great wine, it is consumed raw, and also dried.
Variety raisins - "radiant"
Grape bushes vigorous or sredneroslye. The variety is characterized by yield and unpretentious care. Grape leaves of light green color, heart-shaped shape, a stalk of considerable length. The magnitude of the radiant berries is large or medium, the percentage of sugar in them is 17-21%, the acidity is 6-7 g / l. Berry weight 2.5-4 g, size - about 25 x 22mm. The size of a ripe bunch usually makes 30-40 cm. Kishmish "radiant" is well transported and stored for a long time. Not prone to disease.
This grape has an average ripening period (about 130 days). Differs weighty clusters, elongated berries that have a pink color. The taste of nutmeg, and the flesh is quite dense.
Features of growing
The planting technology of this grape raisin variety, described in the article, involves planting cuttings no closer than 2.5 m to each other and sticking to a distance of about 3 m between rows. The pollinator is planted between the varieties with approximately the same flowering period.
Autumn planting, lasts from October to frost. The principle of planting is the same as in the spring, only with the difference that the roots carefully protect the earth, because they still need to winter. A plastic bottle with 3 holes made in it is put on the sapling, filled with 3 buckets of water. Before frosts, plantings are warmed with sawdust or pine needles, after which the pit is filled up.
You can protect the seedling with earth by making a 30 cm high mound above it. Growing radiant “radiant”, you need to constantly monitor the number of shoots and with the help of backwaters you can hold weighty clusters.
Variety of raisins number 342 ("Hungarian")
Consider what the Hungarian raisin is. This is one of the favorite varieties of the inhabitants of our latitudes. It grows bushes, medium in size, while having a fairly large berries. The sugar content is 19-21%, the acidity is within 6-8 g / l. The mass of berries - 2-3.5 g, but may be larger. The size is 15 x 17 mm. The shape of the berry resembles an egg, and its color is golden-green.
The bunch weight does not exceed 500 g. This variety belongs to the early ripening grape varieties, despite this, the berries taste is rich, sweet, nutmeg, and the flesh is fleshy and juicy. The term ripening berries - 110-115 days. The grapes are stored for a long time, but on condition that it is not picked.
Considering what the Hungarian raisin is, let us dwell on its advantages and disadvantages. Among the advantages of this variety, we can note, first of all, rapid ripening, which allows it to be grown in areas where the grapes do not grow. In addition, the grape has a high frost resistance, transportability and thin skin.
Disadvantages - not enough large cluster, may contain small seeds. In addition, if you do not harvest in a timely manner, it will quickly lose its presentation.
For this variety, there are no special recommendations in planting - it is not whimsical.
Grapes "Reality Pink Sidlis"
Consider what is the kishmish "Rails Pink Sidlis". Introduced variety from North America. Bush srednerosly, clusters look like a cone with a weight of 100-300 g. The berries are small in size - up to 2 g. The taste of pink berries is pleasant and has the aroma of labrusk. The berries are small, soft and juicy, occasionally small rudiments can occur. Sugar - about 24%, acidity - 6-7 g / l. Early variety - 105-115 days of ripening, and is characterized as a prolific variety.
The advantages of this variety include its fecundity and short ripening period. It is also very frost-resistant, well transported, does not crumple, and, crumbling, does not lose its beautiful shape. One of its advantages is the taste, reminiscent of strawberries or strawberries, but some compare it with pineapple, barberry or even duchess.
The disadvantage of it is a dislike for high humidity, ripe berries in such conditions burst. Also, the berries are quite small. Saplings, like any grapes, love the sun. Unlike other varieties, does not require insulation for the winter. Very unpretentious grape variety.
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Grade "Kishmish Radiant"
Sure, it's high quality and high-yielding variety. Bushes his strong and sredneroslye. The leaves are medium in size, heart-shaped, long petiole, leaf color is light green.
The berries are large or medium, the sugar content ranges from 17 to 21%, and the acidity from 6 to 7g / l. Their size is from 22x17mm to 25x22mm, weight from 2.5 to 4 g. Clusters can be up to 40 cm in length.
This variety has certain requirements for care, resistance to diseases (gray rot, oidium) at the level of three to four points. Ripe grapes tolerates transportation and storage.
Yield - Grape clusters very large, large, the weight of one bunch can reach a kilogram, the shape is cone-shaped. The berries are elongated, large, their color is bright pink, the aroma is muscat, the flesh is dense. Harmonious taste with a slight nutmeg flavor.
The term ripening - 125-130 days, early-medium
Virtues - early maturation, increased yield, transportability.
Disadvantage, oddly enough, is the same as dignity - too big a harvest. Heavy clusters overload the bushes, as a result of which very often the branches break.
This grade not frost resistant.
This variety prefers space, planted by winegrowers at a distance of 2-2.5 m in a row, and 3m in the aisle. Planting pollinator is made at intervals between the "female" varieties that have the same flowering time.
The bush is formed on the basis of 7-8 shoots per meter, sometimes up to 8-10 shoots. Between adjacent sleeves there should be a space of about one meter. Most extended pruning in 8-12 eyes. At the exit of 20-25 shoots of 4-6 square meters. meters For young bushes, the total load, of course, is less - 8-12 shoots.
The variety prefers forming with a significant supply of wood. Recommend not to leave more than 30-35 eyes of the total load. For pruning, you need to look situationally, a new sleeve is a short trim, for 2-3 eyes, an old sleeve is a long trim, for 10-14 holes.
At the exit we have the result of 2-4 vines meter long or more. The bottom of the vine is involved in the formation of the sleeve, and the remaining 5-10 eyes - for fruiting. Pruning is important for optimal brush formation in 1-2 large clusters to escape.
Too much stress on the grapes threatens potassium starvation, grinding the berries, lowering its sugar content, cracking, and wateriness. In addition, overloads lengthen the time of ripening grapes.
You can plant grapes in the spring and autumn. In the spring, approximately (depending on the microclimate on the ground) from the third week of April to the third week of May, lignified annual seedlings are planted, and later, until the end of June, green vegetative plants are planted.
Autumn planting begins in October and extends until frost. It differs from the spring, only in a more careful protection of the sapling, because it has winter ahead. To this end, the seedling is first covered with a clipped plastic bottle, with 3 holes. The soil is watered with three or four buckets of water.
Before the frost arrives, seedlings are covered with sawdust, peat, pine needles, covered with a pit. Perhaps the use of conventional soil. In this case, the hole is filled up and a small earthen hill of up to 30 cm is thrown on top.
When caring for this variety, you should remember about the danger of overloading the bushes. Therefore, it is imperative provide branches with additional supportsand arrange the number of shoots.
It is necessary to water the vineyard moderately and regularly. The amount of fluid required depends on the type of soil. So, for chernozem it is 5-6 buckets, for sandy soil - up to 9 buckets.
2 weeks before harvesting, we stop active watering. The soil around the landings and between the rows must be irrigated little by little, which will make it possible to increase the overall humidity. Kishmish responds well to drip irrigation.
In order to increase the green mass in the early spring produce fertilizing with nitrogen preparations. Later, according to the instructions used plantfol. According to the season, use is made of potassium monophosphate, sulphate, magnesium sulphate. Begin to feed before flowering, in the so-called phase of three leaves. It will be useful at the same time disease treatment.
Do not overfeed the grapes - this may cause a delay in the appearance of color, and not enough formation of the ovary.
A few words should be said about the protection of grapes from frostbite: small shoots should be covered, those that are larger should be insulated with straw mats, and old ones should be protected with “houses”. The use of tyrsa for insulation is not justified, because it dampens quickly enough, and, moreover, acidifies the soil.
To avoid potential problems with sashmish one should constantly remove weaker vines, it significantly affects the increase in yield.
"Kishmish №342 (Hungarian)"
Hungarian variety that has gained popularity among us. The bushes of this variety are vigorous, the berries are of medium and large size. Sugar 19-21%, acidity in the range of 6-8 g / l.
Their size is 15x17mm, maybe more. Weight from 2 to 3.5 g. Color-green-golden, shape - ovoid. Clusters - medium or large, from 300 to 500g.
Despite the fact that the variety is very early, its taste is unparalleled. The flesh is juicy, fleshy, with a delicate muscat flavor. Having matured, it can hang on the bushes for a long time (up to 2 months).
The term of ripening is 110-115 days, early.
Virtues - increased resistance to fungal diseases, good frost resistance (up to -24-26 ° C), due to its early ripening period, is able to be grown in non-traditional regions for growing grapes, because of its thin skin, easily absorbed by children, transportable.
disadvantages - easily loses its commodity properties when overexposed to the bushes, it may contain, as rudiments, seeds, a small cluster.
Traditional planting of grapes is made, there are no special requirements.
Landing dates, too, without much difference.
Unpretentious, does not impose additional requirements for care. As most grapes require shelter for the winterhttp://agronomu.com/cpost/rastenievodstvo/vinogradorstvo/posadka-i-uhod/ukryvaem-vinograd-na-zimu-pravilno.
Grade of grapes "Rusbol Superior"
In the mass media one can also find such a name of this variety as 13-3-6-2 Elf. Form bred by Russian breeders. Difficult crossing, initial varieties І-15-3-1 (Villars Blanc x Delight) and Rusbol.
The bush is large, the flower is bisexual, the clusters are large, sometimes even more than 1.5 kg., Have a conical shape, the density is medium. A mass of berries 2-2.5 g, size 20x16mm, oval, white, get a tan in the sun. The thickness of the skin is medium, the flesh is dense, the taste is harmonious. Sugar from 20 to 22%, acidity in the range of 5-6 g / l. Fruits in the 2nd year.
The term of ripening is 105-115 days, very early.
Virtues - increased resistance to gray rot and mildew, good frost resistance (up to -25 ° C), because of the early ripening period, is grown in places where it was previously not known about grapes and can withstand transportation.
disadvantages - a large crop damages bushes, requires rationing, may contain rudiments.
Special requirements for landing does not impose.
Traditional landing dates.
This hybrid variety gratefully responds to the use of phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Attentive, careful care contributes to the formation of clusters on the bushes more than 1.5 kg.
About the variety “Reliance pink Sidlis”
This grape is a guest from the States. The vigorous bushes, clusters of cylindro-conical shape, moderate density, weight from 100 to 300 g. Small berries, 1.4 - 2 g, color - pink, pleasant taste, has a slight aroma of labrusque. The berries are juicy, soft, rudiments, if they are found, they are very small. Sugar up to 24%, acidity from 6 to 7 g / l.
The term of ripening is 105-115 days, very early.
Virtues - increased resistance to mildew, excellent frost resistance (up to -27 ° C); it hangs on the bushes for a long time, even when showered it retains its marketable shape, pleasant sponge-like taste, which is compared to strawberries, strawberries, pineapple, duchesse, barberry, good transportability.
disadvantages - at high humidity during the ripening period the berries crack, small berries.
Like any light-loving plant, it should be planted in a well-coordinated place. There are no special requirements, it grows well on any soil, with the exception of highly humidified, and saline.
Common landing times.
Does not require shelter for the winter, unpretentious.
"Kishmish Jupiter" - American miracle
This grape is also the result of American selection. Bushes of medium size, the mass of clusters from 200 to 500 g, the shape of their cylindro-conical, moderate friability, perhaps a small amount of rudiments.
The berries are large, even large, their weight is from 4 to 7g, the shape is oval, the color is saturated pink, maybe red, fully ripe berries reach a dark blue color. The flesh is juicy, fleshy.
Pleasant, light muscat taste. Durable thin peel that is resistant to cracking. Sugar 21%, acidity 5-7 g / l. Fruit “Kishmish Jupiter” in the 2nd or 3rd year, moderately resistant to fungal diseases
Yield is high and stable
The ripening period is 105-120 days, very early.
Virtues - excellent frost resistance (up to -27 ° C), wasps are not damaged. berries are resistant to cracking.
disadvantages - small clusters.
The traditional method of landing.
Common landing times.
Does not require shelter for the winterunpretentious. But, if you do not live in the South, it does not hurt to cover the vines for the winter for a guaranteed harvest. It is quite enough if, after pruning, you remove the grapes from the tapestry, pin it to the ground, and cover with agrofabric (one layer is enough).
Grape is a perennial plant. Until now, no one knows when and where the cultivation of this plant began with exquisite fruits. Scientists say that they began to grow fruit for 60000 thousand years BC, because at the feasts the Egyptians served all sorts of wines, which means the presence of wine at that time.
Over the centuries, the grapes attracted the attention of man, grew in all sorts of corners of the earth, where there were suitable conditions for this. This plant, which devoted poems, legends, songs, proverbs and sayings. If one legend is to be believed, then during the global flood, when humanity perished, and Noah and his family escaped the ark, he became the ancestor of the new generation and presented people with grapes.
According to legend, Noah stuck to Mount Ararat and released a goat on the shore, she went in search of food. She found a miracle - curly shrub with lush leaves. When the goat ate plenty of leaves, it got drunk, bleated, bounce and butt. Noah became interested in this plant and made a plantation. According to legend, Transcaucasia and the Mediterranean countries became the birthplace of grapes.
Grapes appeared due to natural mutation through vegetative propagation. Later, due to breeding, many varieties with developed seeds appeared. Each year, such grapes are popular, as part of a lot of vitamins and minerals.
According to legend, having descended on Mount Ararat, Noah found grapes there
It is clear from the description made by scientists that this variety matures relatively late (150-160 days). It is characterized as vigorous, with mature shoots with large clusters. The plant begins to bear fruit after 3 years after planting. Withstands cold to -18. Harvest in September - October. From one bush is usually removed up to 50 kg of berries. The crop is able to withstand transportability and stored up to 180 days.
- Refined taste.
- Absence of seeds.
- High yield.
- Shelf life.
- non-frost resistant
- susceptible to many diseases
- ripening period.
Kishmish Moldavsky is distinguished by sweetness and good transportability
This is a high quality crop. Scrub is whimsical to care, because disease resistance is weak. Easily transfers storage and transport. Bunches of grapes grow very large, up to 1 kg. Ripen within 125-130 days. The plant does not withstand frost, loves space (the distance between the bushes 2-2.25 m).
Thanks to the description of scientists, it became clear that this variety does not only sit in the spring, but also in the fall. Before the onset of cold weather, the bushes are covered with sawdust, peat, and possibly soil. To avoid overloading the bushes, additional supports are needed. The plant requires careful and abundant watering, you need 6-9 buckets for 1 pc. Plus, timely feeding with nitrogenous fertilizers before flowering is necessary. To ensure yield, you have to remove weak shoots.
The advantages of this species:
- ripens early
- high yield
- Too large crop (extra care).
- Does not tolerate frosts.
Radiant shed - very productive early variety
This variety ripens early (110-115 days), the fruits are famous for their unparalleled taste. When ripe, the berry can stay on the bushes for up to 2 months. The plant is unpretentious, does not require special care, certain planting dates (this confirms the description carried out by scientists). Seedlings do not need to cover and hide from the cold and low temperatures.
Distinctive features are called:
- resistance to the effects of fungal organisms,
- the ability to withstand temperatures down to minus 26 ° C,
- ability to grow in any regions of the immense planet
- the digestibility of children, thanks to the exact structure of the berries,
- Quickly deteriorate with a long stay on the bushes.
- The presence of seeds, rudiments.
Hungarian Kishmish need to be removed from the bush immediately after ripening
The find belongs to the category of very early table varieties. Brings a large crop, the weight of one bunch reaches 1.5 kg. Plants withstand temperatures down to minus 23 °. Grapes prefer to grow on fertile soils. Planting should be so that between plants was one and a half - two meters.
- stand frost
- brings a big harvest.
Although the description is exploratory in nature, but it is worth pointing out the shortcomings:
- Does not tolerate excess feed.
- You need to grow in a sunny location.
Properties of the variety and its characteristics
Kishmish grapes are considered seedless varieties, and also has its own characteristics. All grapes are very sweet, because about twenty percent of the berries are made up of one sugar.
Berries can make raisins, wine, juice, and other dishes, you can also just eat them, which is why Kishmish grapes are considered to be a universal variety.
The most delicious and sweet grapes tend to grow only in those regions where there is a hot climate, but they have the opportunity to settle down in temperate.
The frost-resistant vine is able to withstand a temperature threshold of minus twenty-five degrees, and at the same time it grows quite quickly. In winter, in particularly cold areas, grapes require shelter.
Kishmish grape is considered a high-yield variety, with medium and early ripening. In total, one branch can form from two to three and further more clusters.
The weight of such clusters is able to reach as much as thousands of grams, starting with five hundred grams. Berries have a different size, it is directly dependent mainly on the hybrid itself.
The color of the berries may be pink, black, red, white. Small berries are covered with bloom. The grape Kishmish has an interesting calorie content, sixty-nine kilocalories per hundred grams.
Why is this variety useful?
The benefits of such grapes are incredibly large, they even recommend it as a diet food. The special chemical composition has a truly positive effect on the human nervous system, heart and gastrointestinal tract.
Generally recommend this grape variety to people with subsequent diseases:
- Persistent or seasonal decline in immunity,
- Bronchial asthma,
- Periodontal disease
- Pathology of the gallbladder,
- Pathology of the stomach,
- Bowel disease,
- Diseases of the stomach accompanied by nausea and heartburn,
- Pathology of the bladder,
- Kidney pathology,
- Heart disease - hypertension, vascular dystonia, arrhythmia,
Kishmish grape has a special soothing feature, it is associated with a very high content of microelements and vitamins in grapes, and if there is a lack of these elements, irritability and fatigue can be observed.
Due to just a huge amount of potassium in grapes, this variety is able to regulate the heart, while vitamin C is very well able to improve immunity and strengthen blood vessels.Grapes also contain folic acid, iron and vitamin B12, which can serve you as prevention and treatment of anemia.
If you have inflammatory diseases associated with the oral cavity, intestinal inflammation, infections, gastritis in remission, then grapes have oleanolic acid, which has antiseptic properties.
Also, grapes with this acid are very useful for pathologies with the urinary system, for example, cystitis or pyelonephritis. Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and boron can strengthen bones and also counteract the development of osteoporosis. Grapes can satisfy hunger, as it has a high calorie content.
Who is this grape variety prohibited?
Unfortunately, the Kishmish grape is not good for everyone. The grape contains a large amount of glucose, so people with diabetes are forbidden to eat this variety.
It is also not advised to give grapes to children up to one year, because it is very sweet. It is also forbidden to give people with a clear share of obesity, due to calories.
If a person has gastritis or a stomach ulcer in an aggravated condition, then it is forbidden to give grapes, because the acid in it can hit the mucous membrane. Grapes also have very beneficial properties, however, in the recovery period.
The basic rules for planting all sorts of grapes are very similar. It is very important to choose the type that best suits your area with your climate.
Seedlings are usually planted in the autumn or spring periods. In the southern regions, they are mainly planted in the autumn, but if you take into account the conditions of the middle zone of the Russian Federation and the Moscow region, then we advise you to plant grapes in the spring.
If you still plant your variety in the autumn, we advise you to carefully cover the seedling with earth, because there is a risk of the vine freezing out.
We recommend that you choose the most optimal place for planting a seedling, for example, this should be a lighted place without any drafts.
The hills or the side of the wall are best suited, mainly in the south-west or just south.
This variety loves space, which is why we advise you to plant a seedling in a hundred centimeters from any support, for example, from a fence or a wall.
The distance between the seedlings should be approximately two hundred and sixty to two hundred and eighty centimeters. If you have a large number of seedlings, we advise you to plant them from two hundred eighty to three hundred centimeters.
The most acceptable moment will be to plant this grape variety from the end of April to the end of May, at times when there is simply no threat of frost.
In such cases, the grapes simply will not need shelter. In the autumn, you should start planting in the middle of the autumn period in early October, before these frosts.
For the winter period, seedlings should be covered, for example, you can use a plastic bottle or plastic wrap, then fill up all the soil and warm with leaves, or straw, and also have the opportunity to use other materials.A pit for planting a seedling must be dug about seventy centimeters deep and eighty centimeters in diameter.
At the very bottom should put a good layer of drainage, pebbles or small graph. Then you can add fertilizer.
Further, from above you need to fill a special mixture of sand, turf soil and humus, as well as dig a support in the pit.
The grapes will need to be planted in a very narrow hole, which you can make with a spade handle or with a crowbar. The root system of the seedling should be carefully sprinkled with soil.
Sprig spud earth before, when they remain on the surface of the free two buds. Very plentifully water a bush, approximately on two buckets on one bush. When the earth has already drawn in the water, the ground shrinks around the seedling. After ninety days you need to pinch the tops of the young shoots.
Kishmish grapes reproduce well by cuttings. You have the opportunity to prepare the cuttings in the autumn period and store them at home.
And in the spring, all the cuttings rooted and then transferred to the vineyard, in this way you can increase the number of bushes. With the help of cuttings it is very easy to update the vine, as well as get new varieties of grapes. Cuttings are obtained only when pruning this grape variety in the autumn.
Description of the best varieties with photos
The climate in our country is severe. Previously, grapes were grown only in the south. Now, thanks to breeding work, varieties with early ripening, resistant to Russian frosts, have been obtained. Gardeners of the Urals and Southern Siberia successfully breed them in their backyards.
All new varieties of hybrids, a lot of them. You can always pick up a type of raisin that spends the winter well and matures during a short summer. Consider the popular varieties of raisins:
- Kishmish №342.
- Kishmish radiant.
- Einset Seedless.
A descendant of Isabella, the variety Einset Sidlis, bred in the United States, is early in maturity. It is distinguished by good frost resistance (up to -27 ° C). The bush is powerful, tall. The clusters are dense, conical, small in size, the average brush weight is about 250 g.
Small (2-3 g), pink or bright red oval-shaped berries are covered with a thick skin that is easily removed and does not crack. Juicy pulp is very fragrant, it can be recognized by the characteristic strawberry smell of Isabella. Berries can be dried and consumed fresh. They easily carry transportation. Stored well for 2-3 months.
Advantages and disadvantages
The table shows the advantages of the varieties described above.
There are disadvantages in each class. For example, winter raisin No. 342 needs shelter, crumbles if the clusters are not cut in time. The disadvantages of Rusbol include high yields. If you do not carry out the regulation of the harvest bushes can be broken by gravity. The presence of rudiments is another drawback of the raisin Rusbol.
Small clusters and brittle branches are the drawbacks of the ramish Jupiter. For sultanasia Radiant disadvantage - high yield, demanding agricultural equipment. The variety requires rationing of the ovaries.
Features of planting and care
Successful cultivation of raisins begins with the selection of varieties, which according to their characteristics are suitable for specific climatic conditions. In addition, the beginner grower should seriously approach the choice of location, technology of planting and subsequent care. In addition, landing dates are important.
In the south, raisins are best planted in autumn. The right time is the first decade of October. In order for the young plant not to suffer from the winter frosts, it is sprinkled with earth and covered with non-woven material, folded in several layers.
In the middle lane and in the northern regions, raisins are planted in spring (April, May). Landing can be carried out when the soil warms up to 12 °. It is necessary to have time to plant the rash before his buds have dissolved. Those who purchased the raisins grown in a container are simpler. They can plant grapes in June.
Grapes grow well on high ground, but they are not on every garden plot. Suitable southern or south-western part of the garden. It is good if from the north the landings will be protected from the wind by a wall or a hedge. General conditions:
- good lighting,
- lack of wind and drafts,
- 3 m distance to other plants (trees, bushes) and buildings.
Before you start planting and digging a hole, you need to prepare:
- Drainage (broken brick, rubble, gravel).
- Stake reference.
- Mineral fertilizers (superphosphate).
Dig a landing pit 70 cm deep and 70 cm wide. Drainage layer 25 cm should be poured at the bottom. Add gardening soil, fill 2-3 pits of humus, a glass of superphosphate and ½ of a bucket of ash to the bottom of the garden.
In the center of the pit, drive a stake, cover the prepared soil and form a hole in it for the seedling. It should be of such depth that only 2 peepers protrude above the ground. Landing pit is filled with water. Sprout shoots need to be tied to a support.
Pruning. An important point in the care of grapes. On how well it is carried out, depends on the yield and health of the vine. The norm of the eyes on the vine is from 8 to 12, the extra shoots need to be cut. Cut weak branches. Conduct rationing - leave 1-2 clusters on each shoot.
Watering. If the weather is hot, water the sushi every 3 days. One plant needs at least 4 buckets of water, more water is needed if the soil is sandy. 2 weeks before harvesting, water once every 7 days.
Top dressing. In the spring and in the first half of the summer, grapes need supplements containing nitrogen, and organic fertilizers will not interfere. In the second half of summer, the plant needs potassium and phosphorus to form fruits. Nitrogen supplements stop.
In addition to root dressings with mineral and organic fertilizers, foliar dressings are needed. To spend them in the period of flowering grapes. Use the drug Ovary. Apply gibberellin stimulator to increase the size of the berries and increase the density of the grape brush.
Diseases and pests
Grape plantings often suffer from fungal infections. For their prevention several times during the season it is necessary to treat the bushes. Apply copper sulfate and Bordeaux mixture in early spring and autumn after harvesting.
In the summer it is better to use complex preparations for processing:
When white plaque appears on the leaves and stalks of the raisins (symptoms of powdery mildew), treat the grapes with Topaz.
Insecticides may be necessary if a spider mite or other pests have attacked the raisins. In the summer, the harvest often suffers from wasps. To protect the berries from them, the vineyard is fumigated with smoke or special bags are put on clusters.
Kishmish grapes: video