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Fungicides for plants: a list of drugs

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spraying and dusting of plants and soil, seed dressing. Forms of drugs - dusts, emulsions, suspensions, wettable powders, aerosols. With the systematic use of the same fungicides, their effectiveness may be reduced due to the formation of persistent pathogen races. To prevent this phenomenon, it is necessary to strictly observe the dose of the drug and alternate the fungicides used. Due to the large value of F. for agriculture, their production is continuously increasing.

Currently, there is an active development and production of so-called biological fungicides. Their fundamental difference from chemical fungicides is a non-chemical effect on the causative agent, for example, bacterial preparations contain a certain set of bacteria that can cause the death of a number of pathogenic fungi.

There are many types of biological fungicides, the main ones are: Fitosporin, Barrier, Barrier, Fitop, Integral, Baktofit, Agat, Trichodermin. Biological fungicides are characterized by low toxicity and high efficiency.

List of fungicides

Copper-containing contact fungicide of a broad spectrum of action (copper chloride 400 g / l.). The drug is designed to combat the complex of fungal and bacterial diseases on vegetable, industrial, fruit, ornamental and flower crops, the vine, medicinal plants and forest plantations.
Hazard Class: 3 (moderately hazardous substance). The drug is not phytotoxic when used in strict accordance with the developed recommendations.
more details.

Acrobat MC

Fungicide of systemic-local and contact action (dimethomorph 90 g / kg + mancoceb 600 g / kg). A systemic contact (locally systemic dimethomorph and contact mancozeb) is a fungicide used to combat late blight and alteriasis of potatoes, cucumber peronosporia, mildew grapes, and a number of other diseases.
Hazard Class: 2 (dangerous substance).
more details.

Biological fungicide to suppress fungal diseases in soil and on plants (soil microflora - Bacillus subtilis VIZR-10, titer 10 9 CFU / g), similar in its composition and action to phytosporin. It is recommended: as a therapeutic and prophylactic agent, it effectively suppresses the causative agents of fungal diseases in all types of garden crops and houseplants.
Hazard Class: 4 (low hazard substance). Safe for humans, animals, fish, bees, healthy entomofauna and the environment.
more details.

A complex drug with the advantages of contact biological fungicide and stimulant (Bacillus megaterium and Pseudomonas aureofaciens, coniferous extract and a set of macro and microelements). Albit is a complex preparation possessing the advantages of analog preparations (Agat-25k, pseudobacterin, phytosporin, planriz, silk, crystallon, humates).
Hazard Class: 4 (low hazard substance).
more details.

Fungicide of systemic action, used to protect plants from a wide range of diseases (triadimefon, 250 g / kg). It is used, in particular, to combat powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis), fusarium (Fusarium spp.), rust fungi (Puccinia spp.), rhinosporiosis (Rhynchosporium secalis), septoriosis (Septoria pp.), pyrenophorosis (Pyrenophora spp.), reddish brown spot (Helminthosporium avenae), net spotting (Drechslera teres), cercosporelosis (Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides).
Hazard Class 3 (moderately hazardous substance).
more details.

Bordeaux mixture

Contact broad-spectrum fungicide (copper sulfate 960 g / kg + calcium hydroxide 900 g / kg. Designed to protect fruits, vegetables, berries, melons, citrus, ornamental, flower and other crops from complex diseases.
Hazard Class: 2 (dangerous substance). The drug is not very dangerous for bees. It is necessary to carry out processing of plants in compliance with environmental regulations.
more details.

Fungicide of contact systemic action, for dressing planting material (98g / l thiram + 198g / l carboxin). Effective remedy for dressing bulbs, corms and rhizomes of flower crops before planting and storing. Suppresses the development of pathogens of diseases located both on the surface of the planting material and inside it.
Hazard Class: 3 (moderately hazardous substance).
more details.

Biological bactericide to suppress bacterial and some fungal diseases in the soil and on plants (Bacillus subtilis M-22 VIZR, titer 109 CFU / g)similar in composition and action to phytosporin. It is recommended: as a therapeutic and prophylactic agent, it effectively suppresses pathogens of bacterial diseases in all types of horticultural crops and houseplants.
Hazard Class - 4 (low hazard substance). Safe for humans, animals, fish, bees, useful entomofauna and the environment. Does not accumulate in plants and in the soil, which contributes to obtaining environmentally friendly products
more details.

Glyocladin

Analogue of Trikhodermin.
Biological fungicide for the suppression of pathogens of fungal diseases in the soil (Trichoderma harziannum VIZR-18 mushroom culture).. It is recommended as a therapeutic and prophylactic agent when applied to the soil, effectively suppresses the causative agents of fungal diseases in all types of horticultural crops and houseplants.
Hazard Class - 4 (low hazard substance). Safe for humans, animals, fish, bees, beneficial entomofauna and the environment.
more details.

Fungicide of contact action to combat late blight and Alternaria and other fungal diseases (mancoceb 800 g / kg.). Ditan M-45 is an analogue of Profit. Protective and contact drug to protect plants from late blight and a number of other diseases.
Hazard Class: 2 (hazardous substance). The drug is not phytotoxic, compatible with most other drugs. Not dangerous for bees, earthworms and soil microorganisms.
more details.

Fungicide from the class of strobilurins, having mezostemnuyu activity (trifloksistrobin 500 g / kg).
It is used mainly on pome crops, for example, apples and pears, against scab, alternariosis, black (soot) spotting, powdery mildew, moniliosis, phyllostikosis and to prevent diseases during storage of fruits.
Hazard Class: 3 (moderately hazardous substance).
more details.

Green soap

Prophylactic against pests and diseases. It is also used as a component of self-made plant protection products. Ingredients: water, potassium salts of fatty acids, natural fats and vegetable oils.
more details.

Fungicide of contact and locally systemic action (copper oxychloride, 89.5 g / kg, cymoxanil, 42 g / kg.). Analogue of the drug Ordan. It is mainly used to protect against late blight on potatoes and downy mildew on cucumbers. The drug has preventive, curative and spore-suppressing properties of pathogens.
Hazard Class: 3 (moderately hazardous substance). The drug is srednestoek in soil (3rd class), practically non-toxic to soil organisms and birds. The drug is moderate for bees (2nd class).
more details.

Contact and systemic fungicide (cymoxanil, 45 g / kg, mancozeb, 680 g / kg.). It is used to combat late blight and Alternaria and other fungal diseases: Alternariosis, Macrosporia, dry spot, septorioz, rizoktonioz, black spot, pernoporoz, mildew.
For a person, the hazard class of a drug is 2 (hazardous substance). Low-risk for bees. (Grade 3).
more details.

Contact fungicide (fludioxonil, 25 g / l.). It is used for dressing flower bulbs, other planting material (corms, seed potatoes) from rot before planting and during storage.
Hazard Class: 3 (moderately hazardous substance). Not flammable. Not phytotoxic. Toxic to fish, do not allow to enter water bodies.
more details.

Copper sulfate

Copper-containing broad-spectrum contact fungicide (copper sulfate, 960 g / kg). Fungicide to combat diseases of berries, fruits (stone and pome), ornamental crops, shrubs. Designed for use in personal subsidiary farms.
Hazard Class: 3 (moderately hazardous substance).
more details.

Systemic contact fungicide of a broad spectrum of activity (copper oxychloride 670 g / kg + oxadixyl 130 g / kg). Oxyf is used to combat diseases caused by oomycetes subclass of mushrooms. It is well suited to protect potatoes and tomatoes from late blight and macrosporosis, and cucumbers - from resuscitation (downy mildew).
Hazard Class: 1 (dangerous substance).
more details.

Fungicide of contact systemic action, to combat late blight and Alternaria and other fungal diseases (copper oxychloride, 689 g / kg + cymoxanil, 42 g / kg.). A two-component fungicide of locally systemic action for the protection of potatoes, cucumbers and tomatoes of open and protected soil, grapes and a number of other plants from a complex of diseases.
Hazard Class: 3 (moderately hazardous substance).
more details.

Fungicide with systemic properties, possessing both protective and growth-promoting properties (propamocarb hydrochloride, 607 g / l.). It has a wide spectrum of activity against root rot and peronospora pathogens (Pythium, Phytophthora, Aphanomyces, Bremia, Peronospora, Pseudopeonospora spp). It has a stimulating effect, increases the resistance of plants to infection, stimulates the rooting of cuttings, growth and flowering of plants.
Hazard Class: 3 (moderately hazardous substance), has a mild irritant effect on the skin and mucous membranes of the eyes.
more details.

Fungicide to combat late blight and Alternaria and other fungal diseases (mancozeb, 800g / kg). The drug is enriched with manganese and zinc.
Hazard class: for humans - 2 (dangerous substance). The drug is not phytotoxic, compatible with most other drugs. Not dangerous for bees, earthworms and soil microorganisms.
more details.

Profit Gold

Fungicide of contact and systemic action, to combat late blight and Alternaria and other fungal diseases (cymoxanil 250 g / kg + famoxadon 250 g / kg). Cymoxanil is rapidly absorbed by the leaves and penetrates the plant; famoxadone remains on the leaf surface for a long time. Designed for use in personal subsidiary farms.
Hazard Class: 3 (moderately hazardous substance).
more details.

Systemic fungicide with a long prophylactic and protective effect (difenoconazole, 250 g / l.). It is used to protect fruit crops from powdery mildew, scab, leaf curl, coccomycosis, and phytosis. It can be used to combat late blight and Alternaria on potatoes and tomatoes. It is also used in the fight against powdery mildew. Analogue of the drug
Hazard Class: 3 (moderately hazardous substance). The drug is not toxic to birds and bees. The drug is toxic to fish.
more details.

Ridomil Gold

Fungicide of contact-systemic action, to combat late blight and Alternaria and other fungal diseases (mefenoxam, 40 g / kg + mancoceb, 640 g / kg). Mefenoxam provides internal protection: systemic and translaminar action - protection of the treated and untreated parts of plants, new growth and tubers, a high level of effectiveness against oomycete class fungi (pathogens of downy mealy dew), rapid decomposition in the soil. Mancozeb It provides external protection and is an effective contact fungicide and a key element of the anti-resistance strategy.
Hazard Class: 2 (dangerous substance). When using the drug in strict accordance with the recommendations developed by the company does not create the risk of phytotoxicity. The drug is slightly toxic to birds and bees, but toxic to fish
more details.

Fungicide of contact action from a complex of diseases (iprodione, 500 g / kg). Rovral is effective against a wide range of pathogens: Alternaria, Botrytis, Oxysporum, Fusarium, Helminthosporium, Monilia, Phoma, Pleiochaeta, Rhizoctonia, Sclerotinia, Sclerotium, Septoria, Penicillium, Rhizopus, Typhula. When spilling the soil has a systemic effect.
Hazard Class: 3 (moderately hazardous compound). Prohibited for use in the sanitary zone of fishery ponds. Practically not dangerous for bees - 4 class of danger.
more details.

Systemic fungicide with a long prophylactic and pronounced therapeutic effect, to combat scab, powdery mildew, leaf curl late blight and Alternaria and other fungal diseases (difenoconazole 250 g / l.). A drug with a long prophylactic and pronounced therapeutic effect. Analogue of the drug Ray.
Hazard Class: 3 (moderately hazardous substance).
more details.

Contact-systemic fungicide (mancoceb - 301.6 g / l, propamocarb hydrochloride - 248 g / l.).The drug due to microelements (manganese, zinc), which are part of mancozeb, stimulates photosynthesis, which accelerates growth processes and increases the resistance of plants. Propamocarb hydrochloride disrupts the biosynthesis of membrane structures and slows spore germination and mycelium development.
Hazard Class: 2 (dangerous connection), has a mild irritant effect on the skin and mucous membranes of the eyes.
more details.

Fungicide of local systemic action (fenhexamide, 500 g / kg). The drug to combat gray mold (Botrytis cinerea), Moliniosis (Monilinia fructigena, Monilinia laxa) White rot (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum) on fruit and berry crops and grapes. It is applied from the earliest terms to the harvest. The drug also increases the safety of the fruit during transportation and storage.
Hazard Class: 3 (moderately hazardous substance).
more details.

Systemic fungicide with growth-promoting activity (propiconazole, 250 g / l.). The drug Tilt through the leaves and stems, due to systemic action, enters the plant. The drug has not only a long protective and healing effect, but also stops the further development of the pathogen and suppresses its sporulation. In addition, the drug has a growth-regulating activity. Attention! No more than one treatment with Tilt should be carried out during the growing season.
Hazard Class: 3 (moderately hazardous compound). The drug is non-toxic to birds, slightly toxic to bees, toxic to fish.
more details.

Tiovit jet

Contact fungicide and acaricide (sulfur, 800 g / kg). The preparation for the protection of vegetable, fruit, flower crops and vineyards from powdery mildew, some other diseases and ticks.
Hazard Class: 3 (moderately hazardous substance).
more details.

Fungicide of systemic action, to combat powdery mildew, rust and other fungal diseases (penconazole, 100 g / l.). The best results are obtained by prophylactic use at the beginning of the growing season to suppress the primary infection of the pathogen of powdery mildew, and also to prevent the spread of the disease or at the first signs of the onset of the disease.
Hazard Class: 3 (moderately hazardous substance).
The drug is moderately dangerous to humans and animals (hazard class 3), non-toxic to birds and beneficial insects, dangerous to fish. Not phytotoxic.
more details.

Systemic fungicide of prophylactic and therapeutic action (methyl thiophanate, 700 g / kg). The drug belongs to substances close to benzimidazoles (benomyl), penetrates plants, is absorbed by the root system, is transformed into carbendazim. Most effective for prophylactic treatment, before the development of the pathogen. It has a negative effect on soil nematodes, on a number of aphid species. The drug is not effective against downy mildew.
Hazard class for humans - 2 (hazardous substance). Does not irritate the skin and mucous membranes. Low hazard to birds, bees, 3 class of danger. Toxic to fish. Toxic to gold-eyed eggs.
more details.

Trichodermin

Biological fungicide treatment and prevention of root infections of indoor flowers and ornamental plants. Soil wellness. Germinating in wet soil from spores, the mycelium of the fungus suppresses about 60 species of soil pathogens that infect the soil and cause root rot.
Hazard Class - 4. Safe for humans, animals, fish, bees, beneficial entomofauna and the environment. It has no phytotoxic effect on protected plants. Does not accumulate in plants and in the soil, which contributes to obtaining environmentally friendly products
more details.

Systemic biological bactericide (phytobacteriomycin). Used in the prevention of root rot, vascular bacteriosis, diseases such as blackleg, bacterial burn, angular leaf spot, bacterial rot of tubers, vascular bacteriosis on cucumber, bacterial apical rot, Alternaria on tomatoes, moniliosis, scab, fusariosis, anthracnose.
Hazard Class: 3 (moderately dangerous compound). It has an annoying effect.
more details.

Fitosporin-M

Biological fungicide of conect action (Bacillus subtilis 26 D, 100 mln cells / g). Fitosporin-M is a microbiological drug designed to protect garden, garden, indoor and greenhouse plants from a complex of fungal and bacterial diseases. Available as a paste and as a liquid in bottles and as a powder.It is mainly used for prophylactic purposes (seed treatment, tubers and bulbs before planting, periodic spraying or watering of plants in order to prevent the incidence in the collection). Low toxicity, not dangerous for the plants and bees themselves.
more details.

Systemic fungicide broad-spectrum (benomyl, 500 g / kg.). Analogue of the drug Fundazol. For the entire season, no more than 2 treatments are allowed by spraying and watering, since after pathogens resistance appears! To overcome the resistance, it is necessary not to use drugs from the benzimidazole class for 1-2 seasons.
Hazard Class: Benomil (benorad, foundationol, foundation) has 2 hazard class (dangerous compound) for humans, for fish. The drug has low toxicity to soil organisms and birds.
more details.

Fungicide and disinfectant with a wide spectrum of systemic action against a large number of fungal diseases of seeds and leaves of plants. Fundazol has both protective (prophylactic) and healing properties. For the entire season, no more than 2 treatments are allowed by spraying and watering, since after pathogens resistance appears! To overcome the resistance, it is necessary not to use drugs from the benzimidazole class for 1-2 seasons.
Hazard Class: Benomil (benorad, foundationol, foundation) has 2 hazard class (dangerous compound) for humans, for fish. The drug has low toxicity to soil organisms and birds.
more details.

Fungicide of systemic-local and contact action (copper oxychloride, 900 g / kg). The preparation for fighting plant diseases: scab of apple and pear, potato and tomato late blight, plum fruit rot, peach leaf curl, grape mildew, onion and cucumber peronospora, rust and spotted decorative and flower crops and fungal pathogens.
The drug Hom has 3 hazard class (moderately hazardous substance).
more details.

Potassium permanganate (manganese)

Potassium permanganate (manganese) used for dressing seeds, bulbs, corms, rhizomes of flowering plants in a concentration of 0.1-0.15% for two hours. It can be used for health irrigation of seedlings, seedlings and adult plants under the root in the fight against blackleg, fusarium, bacteriosis. Used to disinfect inventory and tools.

Soda Ash (linen) used to combat powdery mildew. For spraying prepare 0.3-0.5% solution. For better adhesion, soap is added to the soda solution.

Alto, Impact, Vectra - have a systemic, penetrating and contact action, acting against powder-bearing and rust fungi.

Properties and benefits:
Low consumption rates, long-lasting protective, exterminating and healing effect, prolonged action.

Terms of application:
Spray on the appearance of the first external signs of defeat by powdery mildew or rust. The maximum multiplicity of treatments of plants - 4 times. The interval between treatments 12-14 days.

Fungicides: functionality, classification

Fungicides are pesticides, whose effects are directed against fungal diseases of agricultural crops. In Latin, the word translates as "mushroom" and "kill."

For the development of any fungal diseases, the stimulating conditions are high humidity, heat, any, even minor injuries to the stalks, cuts, sunburn.

Fungi are easily transferred by wind, rain, they are stored for a long time in plant debris, soil, are carried by insects. More than 80% of diseases affecting garden crops account for exactly fungal diseases.

Treatment of diseased cultures occurs due to the presence of derivatives of sulfur, copper, phenols, metal salts, mercury. Thanks to these means, treatment and effective prevention of vegetables, trees, green crops is possible.

In the greenhouses they disinfect the soil.

Fungicides are produced in the form of powder, granules, emulsions, suspensions. All of them are easily dissolved in water, which facilitates their use.

They are not poisonous to bees and humans with accurate doses and instructions.

In order to apply fungicides correctly, one must know what their purpose is and for what purposes each of them is intended.

What is the fungicidal effect of drugs on plants

The name of the substances - fungicides - comes from the merger of two Latin words “fungus” and “caedo”, which means “mushroom”, “I kill”. The compositions are directed against pathogenic fungi that cause plant diseases. Examine the effects of fungicides:

  • fungicidal - responsible for the destruction of the fungus,
  • fungistatic - partially inhibits the development of unwanted organisms,
  • preventive - prevents the formation of fungus.

Fungicides belong to the category of toxic chemicals: they are included in the group consisting of insecticides, bactericides, nematicides, and acaricides. Protective and prophylactic properties are manifested due to the content:

  • sulfur and its compounds: barium polysulfides, calcium,
  • salts of metals: especially copper, mercury, cadmium,
  • salts of dithiocarbamic acids,
  • phenol derivatives,
  • triazole derivatives, imidazole,

Types of fungicides

For a detailed introduction to the effect of fungicides, study their main varieties. Each species has its own characteristics:

On the effect on the pathogen: protective, therapeutic.

  • protective - used for the treatment of healthy plants for the prevention of disease,
  • curative - destroy the existing disease.

By purpose of use: standard, for seed dressing, processing of greenhouse and greenhouse land, for perennials during their hibernation.

  • for seed dressing before planting or long shelf life - prevent the formation of fungus, mold, especially recommended for grain crops.
  • for the treatment of greenhouse and greenhouse land - disinfects the soil from the spores of a parasitic fungus before planting the annuals, substances are characterized by volatility, therefore, are recommended for processing only in greenhouses, greenhouses,
  • for perennials in the period of their hibernation - suitable for winter processing of indoor and outdoor plants, kill the fungus, without causing harm to crops,
  • standard - used during the growing season.

By the nature of the distribution inside the plant tissues: contact and systematic.

  • contact - active in that part of the vegetation, the soil, where they were introduced,
  • systematic or systemic - penetrate into the vascular system of the culture, move through its tissues, act for 30 days,
  • system-contact - consist of components of contact and system action, this combination is considered the most effective.

According to the active substance: organic, chemical.

  • organic - contain microorganisms that, after exposure to culture, soil, decompose,
  • chemical or inorganic - consist of chemical compounds: rich in copper, iron, mercury, sulfur, nickel, manganese.

Precautionary measures

Like any other chemical compounds, fungicides should be applied subject to certain safety rules. Use the following guidelines:

  1. Before work, wear protective clothing: gloves, glasses, apron, respirator.
  2. Read the instructions on the package.
  3. Make sure that small children, animals do not come into contact with substances.
  4. Do not eat the processed fruit, wait for the substance to dissolve.
  5. Remember that fungicides are poisonous, so do not let them fall into drinking water.

Classification of fungicides

Depending on the composition, these drugs are divided into:

  • biological fungicides,
  • chemical.

The composition of biological fungicides include some types of bacteria, fungi, or components of plant origin that have an active antifungal effect. Organic fungicides are easy to use, little toxic to insects and warm-blooded animals, and can be used in combination with other herbicides. But the effect of their actions has a relative short duration - from several days to a month. Preparations of this type have gained wide popularity among gardeners and gardeners.

Chemical, or inorganic, fungicides are composed of various chemical compounds with a more pronounced fungicidal effect. They are divided into:

  • copper-containing (for example, Medyan extra),
  • sulfur-containing (colloidal sulfur, Tiovit jet),
  • iron-containing (inkstone),
  • containing compounds of other elements with fungicidal effect.

Organic organic fungicides, such as carbamates (Consento, Tattudithiocarbamates (Acrobat, Bogatyr) morpholines (Convertible Duo), imidazoles (Mirage) other. The effect of the use of chemical fungicides is more obvious and long-term, but these drugs can damage both plants and animals. In addition, they permanently pollute the soil.

Various fungicides remain on the surface of the plant or are able to penetrate into the internal tissues. Depending on this, they are divided into

Contact - form a surface film on plants and actively affect the fungal infection only by direct contact.

Systemic fungicides after reaching the surface penetrate into all plant tissues and destroy the pathogen in any part of it.

Fungicides for plants are produced in the form of powders, tablets, suspensions and concentrated solutions. Instructions are attached to each preparation, which must be strictly followed when preparing the solution or when spraying the powder. The fungicidal action of biological products is most pronounced in freshly prepared solutions, so they should be used immediately after preparation. Chemical fungicides should also not be stored in order to avoid poisoning of pets or children.

There are preparations for treating the soil from fungi that can live in the ground. These fungicides in the form of a powder poured into the ground when it is digging or dissolved in water and contribute during watering. Some drugs are used to treat seed and tubers before sowing. And, of course, the largest group of fungicides is used to treat green parts of plants during the period of active growth. For the season usually produce several preventive sprays.

Fungicidal preparations are also used to prevent grain or vegetables from spoiling by fungi during their storage on vegetable bases or in granaries. Universal remedies have been developed that can be used for both prevention and treatment of mycoses. In different periods of plant vegetation, it is recommended to use certain types of fungicides.

Principles of drug selection

When working with fungicidal preparations, it is necessary to observe personal safety measures. It is possible to prepare solution only in rubber gloves. Respiratory tract must be protected by a respirator or cotton-gauze bandage. Eye protection is carried out with glasses.

The choice of antifungal agent should be made taking into account the area of ​​treatment, the types of plants being treated, the degree of toxicity, the extent of damage to plants and the soil. It is necessary to listen to the advice of specialists, agricultural engineers, gardeners and gardeners, amateur growers. Since many types of pathogenic fungi are capable of producing resistance to a specific chemical substance, the drugs must be changed from time to time to ensure their effectiveness.

Characteristics of the most popular fungicides

The most popular fungicides:

  1. Abiga Pik - A contact-type drug that is effective against many plant diseases provoked by bacteria and fungi. The package contains a concentrated aqueous suspension. Fungicidal action is provided by copper oxychloride. This drug is intended for the prophylactic treatment and treatment of many species of cultivated and wild plants. Toxicity to insects is not high. Phytotoxicity is not expressed.
  2. Topaz - systemic fungicide. It is used for the prevention of various mycoses in cultural plantings in gardens and vegetable gardens. The effect of the application was revealed with the defeat of plants with powdery mildew and rust. In glass packaging - a concentrated emulsion. Antifungal compound - penconazole.
  3. Screen CS - contact fungicide of the new generation, which has a very high efficiency against late blight of potato, apple scab, mildew and black spot of grapes. Form release - concentrated suspension, the active active ingredient - fluazinam. The drug has a low toxicity, in relation to the plants is not toxic.
  4. Fitosporin-M - biological fungicide. Contains spores and live cells of Bacillus subtilis. Used to prevent fungal diseases in eggplants, zucchini, cucumbers and other garden crops. Woz, garden, indoor and greenhouse plants. Effective against most known mycoses of plants. Perhaps combined use with chemical pesticides, fertilizers and growth regulators.
  5. Kvadris - a drug with a broad spectrum of action. In the composition - azoxystrobin. Form release - concentrated suspension. It is used against all known mycoses of plants. They are treated with grapes, potatoes, onions, tomatoes and cucumbers, as well as sports lawns.
  6. Profit Gold - the drug acts both on the surface tissues of the plant and in the deep ones. Effective with diseases of cultivated plants caused by various fungi. Contains 2 compounds with active antifungal action. Cymoxanil is the main active compound, penetrates into the internal tissues of the plant and spreads with the juice current to all parts. Famoxadone for a long time remains on the surface tissues of the plant in the form of a film, providing protection from infection. It differs from other drugs in color (brown granules) and a slight specific odor. Packages with different weight of the drug are on sale.
  7. Thanos - deep-acting fungicide. A substance with a pronounced antifungal effect - cymoxanil - quickly penetrates the plant tissue. Recovery plants using this drug occurs even after 1-2 days after infection. It is realized in the form of water-soluble granules. With this drug, you can protect potatoes, sunflower, tomato and onions from diseases. The solution is resistant to washing.
  8. Trichodermin - preparation of organic origin. The fungicidal action of the drug is provided by the spores of the fungus living in the soil, which saves the plant from infecting with many types of various pathogenic microorganisms, causing rotting of the roots and fruits, late blight and other plant diseases. Trichodermine solution is suitable as a prophylaxis for indoor plants. They also plant seeds before planting. Available in powder form. This drug is safe for both warm-blooded and insects, fish, etc. It is not phytotoxic.
  9. Alirin b - organic preparation containing beneficial soil microflora. Form release - dry powder and tablets. This biological fungicide is used to suppress fungal plant diseases and the spread of fungal pathogens in the soil. It protects plants from root rot, septoria, rhizoctoniosis, late blight and many other dangerous and widespread diseases. It is used to restore beneficial soil microflora after the use of toxic pesticides. Suitable for all types of garden crops and houseplants.

Conclusion and conclusions

Now it became clear what fungicides are, but before using the selected or recommended drug, it is very important to carefully read the instructions. It is necessary to carefully observe all proportions when breeding. Otherwise, many drugs are capable instead of benefit to bring significant damage to plant crops. When working with chemicals, you should protect yourself with rubber gloves, goggles and a respirator.

Depending on chemical properties

Chemical nature fungicides share:

The group of inorganic preparations includes:

  • copper containing Bordeaux liquid, Burgundy liquid, chloroxide and cuprous oxide,
  • sulfur-containing drugs - colloidal sulfur, lime-sulfur decoction,
  • mercury compounds.

Organic fungicides for plants belong to different chemical compounds. The leading role is occupied by heterocyclic compounds, these are various nitrogen-containing derivatives. Many organic preparations are effective against pathogens.

Depending on the action on the pathogen

On this basis, drugs are divided:

  • on protective (preventive),
  • therapeutic.

Protective fungicides prevent the infection of crops with phytopathogens, which have a negative effect on the root system and metabolism.

Phytopathogens are various pathogens. They release biologically active substances, which, in turn, adversely affect the development of plants.

Treating fungicides are drugs that attack phytopathogens that have already infiltrated plant tissues. Healing contact fungicides cannot penetrate the tissue and have a local effect. They are divided into preparations of selective and continuous action. Первые подавляют репродуктивные и вегетативные органы гриба, а средства сплошного действия подавляют ещё и его покоящиеся формы.Healing systemic drugs penetrate inside the plants, spread through the vessels, stop new foci of infection and destroy phytopathogens.

By purpose of application

Fungicides according to the purpose of application are divided into the following varieties: For soil treatment - soil. They are applied immediately to the ground for its disinfection, this is especially true for the soil in the greenhouse and hotbeds. Usually used fumigants - it is drugs in the form of gases or vapors.

For seed dressing - use drugs that fight against diseases and infections, spreading seeds or are in the ground. For processing plants during the growing season, these are mainly fungicides of a protective action that prevent diseases. For processing plants that are at rest. They have a contact eradication effect; they destroy wintering pathogens and pests. Since the substances strongly damage the green parts of plants, they are used in early spring before the awakening of the buds, in autumn and winter.

Depending on the nature of the distribution inside the plant tissues

The distribution of substances in the tissues fungicides are:

After treatment with contact preparations, they remain on the surface of plant parts. In contact with the pathogen, the active substance causes its death. The effectiveness of drugs depends on weather conditions, duration of action, concentration. Systemic drugs penetrate into the plant and spread through the vascular system, suppressing the pathogen during metabolism or by acting directly on it. Efficiency depends on the rate of penetration of the active substance into the culture, as well as on the weather (it affects to a lesser extent).

Most systemic fungicides have preventive and curative properties.

Fungicides are by their nature:

  • chemical,
  • biological (of biogenic origin).

Chemical fungicides are characterized by unstable effect, after the termination of their action the pathogenic microorganisms inhabit the treated area again. It would seem that the treatment of plants and soil on a regular basis will help to solve the problem, but all chemicals are toxic, so using them is constantly prohibited. The composition of biological preparations includes various strains of microorganisms that destroy harmful microflora. They have a long lasting effect, non-toxic, but are effective only at the onset of the disease or as a preventive measure.

Review of effective drugs

Biological preparation with a growth stimulator for plants. It is used for seed dressing and processing of vegetative vegetable, grain plants, ornamental and indoor crops. They also process potatoes, strawberries and apples.

Contact drug for fungal diseases. The active ingredient is copper oxychloride. Used to destroy fungi on the vine of grapes, vegetable and fruit crops, flowers and plants of medicinal value. At the correct dosage it is moderately toxic.

Biological drug, used as a soil fungicide and for the treatment of plants from fungal diseases - powdery mildew, phytophthora, rust and others. In addition, it reduces the toxicity of the soil after using chemicals. The active substance is the beneficial soil microflora.

Biological drug protective contact action against fungal diseases. They are processed crops. In addition, it stimulates the growth of plants and increases their immunity.

Biological fungicide with a protective effect against fungal and bacterial diseases, with proven efficacy against powdery mildew. Most suitable for flowers - carnations, roses and berry crops. Used for processing planting material - seeds, seedlings.

"Bona Forte"

Complex fertilizer for indoor plants with contact action. Used as a top dressing, growth stimulant and therapeutic agent. Affects the causative agents of powdery mildew and other fungal diseases.

Contact chemical with the active ingredient chlorothalonil. They process cereals - oats, wheat, vegetables and potatoes. Destroys pathogenic fungi causing phytophtora, potato leaf spots and downy mildew. It is most effective as a prophylactic agent. Well kept on plants, not washed off by precipitation and water when watering.

Contact and systemic fungicide intended for treating seeds and bulbs before planting or harvesting for storage. Effective against pathogens that settle on the surface of the seed, as well as penetrating.

The drug is a systemic protective and therapeutic action, aimed at suppressing the phytopathogen. It is used to treat plants for scab, gray rot, powdery mildew.

Biological drug with fungicidal and antibacterial properties. They process indoor and garden plants. He successfully copes with keel, fusarium, mottling and blight.

Full list of fungicides for plants

Fungicides are substances that partially suppress or destroy pathogens of various plants. There are several classifications of this type of pesticides, depending on the action, chemical characteristics, and method of application. Next, we offer a complete list of fungicides, presented in the form of a list of the most popular formulations for plants with names and descriptions to them.

TO biological fungicides for plants include "Agat-25K." He acts not only as a plant protector against diseases, but also contributes to an increase in the level of yield. The composition has a beneficial effect on the development of plant roots and significantly increases the germination of seeds. Usually it is used in gardening, but indoor plants can be treated with this drug as a preventive measure.

The active ingredient of the composition is bacteria and bioactive creatures of microbial and plant origin. The release form is a fluid consistency paste, packaged in 10 g jars. For processing, 1 scoop is dissolved in three liters of water. Plants should be sprayed every 20 days about 3-4 times per season.

"Abiga-Peak" is a contact type of fungicides containing copper chloroxide in its composition. The latter, interacting with pathogenic spores, has the property to secrete active copper, which inhibits their growth and respiration, which suppresses the predominant amount of vital proteins in spores of pathogens.

She effectively fights with bacterial and fungal diseases on technical, decorative, vegetable, flower and fruit crops. Medicinal plants, vine grapes and forest plantations can also be treated with this drug.

It is necessary to process plant crops in the absence of wind or at low speed. It is imperative to use a respirator or at least a gauze bandage. Rubber gloves, goggles and heavy clothing are essential attributes when working with Abigoy.

Biological drug that suppresses fungal diseases garden and indoor plants. It has a detrimental effect on powdery mildew, white and gray rot, septoria, rust fungi.

On a ten-liter bucket of water is to use 2 tablets of the drug. This solution produces watering of diseased plants. If spraying is necessary, the concentrate should be more saturated - 2 tablets of “Alirina” per 1 l of water. It is recommended to carry out no more than three treatments, while respecting the time interval of 5-7 days.

The drug is not dangerous, and for both people and animals, bees, fish.

"Albit" - biological fungicide contact type. Substance low hazardous to the environment. Destroys viruses, provoking plant diseases, and can also be used as a stimulator of the development and growth of horticultural crops. Additionally able to increase the level of yield.

Biological preparation "Baktofit" is used to protect plants from pathogens, including powdery mildew. Roses, carnations, fruit and berry crops are the most suitable plants for applying Baktofit, since it is in their relation that the composition is most effective. The drug is recommended to be used in cases when it is not possible to treat the plants with chemicals.

Baktofit works best when used in cool weather. Allowed even in the period of frequent precipitation. It is important to apply the product at least a day before the rain. Repeated procedure should be carried out after about 5 days.

Cuttings and seeds before planting are also often treated with Baktofit.

"Bona Forte" (Bona Forte)

“Bona Forte” is a compound for complex care of house plants (older than one year). Is processing indoor plants in three stages: treatment and prevention of pests and insects, fertilizing with fertilizers (in 3-7 days), stimulation of green mass growth, immune system (in a week).

The fungicide "Bona Forte" very effectively affects the causative agents of powdery mildew and other types of fungal diseases, rust. The specified composition is sold in the form of plastic vials of 2 ml each. For the solution you need 1 ampoule of the substance and 5 liters of water. Processing is carried out very carefully so that the solution evenly moistens all the leaves. Storage facility is not subject.

Contact fungicide "Bravo" is used in the fight against fungal diseases wheat, vegetable crops and all beloved potatoes.

The active substance is chlorothalonil. It is ideally suited for the control of late blight and respeciation - false powdery mildew. You can use the drug in a wide temperature range. It protects the plant for about 12-14 days.

The product is fully compatible with most other fungicides.

Fungicide "Vitaros" is a composition of the contact-systemic action used for processing planting material when planting a garden and houseplants. To be processed seeds and bulbs. Vitaros suppresses any manifestations of pathogens, not only on the surface, but also inside the plant.

Means for sale in ampoules of 2 ml and vials of 10 ml, 50 ml, and 100 ml. Used about 2 ml per 1 liter of water. Planting material is soaked in solution for 2 hours.

To protect plants from diseases and therapeutic effects on them, you can buy the fungicide "Vectra". The drug is able to destroy phytopathogenic fungus and contribute to the improvement of the plant. It is used against septoria, gray rot, powdery mildew.

The working solution consists of 0.2-0.3 ml of the fungicide "Vectra" and 1 l of water. The drug retains its effect on affected plants for 12-15 days.

Biological fungicide "Hamair" is used in therapeutic and prophylactic purposes in relation to indoor and garden plants. Very effective effect on leaf spots of bacterial origin, on late blight and powdery mildew, on keels and fusarium.

Watering solution is prepared on the basis of the proportion: 1 tablet of product per 5 liters of water. For spraying - 2 tablets of "Gamair" for 1 liter of water. It should process the plant 3 times, adhering to the interval of one week.

Substance low hazard. In the soil and plants does not accumulate, which means the product grows environmentally friendly.

Biological action of fungicides

When gardening, gardeners often have to use highly effective drugs - fungicides for plants, which are potent chemicals that can provide an effective fight against pathogenic microorganisms that cause the development of fungal diseases, such as:

  • powdery mildew,
  • gray rot
  • root rot and others.

Fungicidal agents are divided into two groups according to the method of exposure:

Every gardener should know what fungicides are, how to use drugs in home gardening.

The use of fungicides for plants eliminates the likelihood of penetration of active substances inside. They manage to cover only the outer part of the culture, where the generative and vegetative organs of the fungus are located, causing further progression of the infection.

All means are capable of acting for different periods, depending on the length of stay of chemical compounds on the surface of the culture. A special result is seen with regular processing every 3-5 days with an interval of 10-12 days.

A key feature of contact fungicides is to local action on green spaces. They are not used to treat signs of damage, but to destroy pathogenic fungal formations that are on the surface or in plant tissues. It is important to understand that fungicides are not able to penetrate other parts of the plant, therefore, treatment with them is completely safe.

Act systemic medications built on a different principle: during processing, they affect all internal systems, moving through the tissues and making a number of changes in the physiological and biochemical processes that take place inside the plants.

Further, they decompose in the internal organs of flowers, garden or agricultural crops, which causes the rapid formation of metabolites. In this state, the plant produces strong immunity, which contributes to quick cleaning of harmful fungus.

Some gardeners are of the opinion that it is not safe to use systemic fungicides, since decomposition products formed after processing can harm the plant. To prevent possible complications, it is necessary to use chemicals of the first type - contact. However, it is important to have time to carry out all the processing procedures a month before harvesting.

Types and principle of action

When searching for antifungal drugs in specialty stores You can find ready-made solutions in the form of a powder, suspension or emulsion with good solubility in water. Depending on the composition, there are several fungicidal drugs:

  • Inorganic. Among them are drugs of 1-4 classes of danger for humans and warm-blooded creatures.
  • Organic The composition of such funds contain active microorganisms that can have a suppressive effect on pathogenic fungi.

Biological fungicides are recommended for use on summer cottages, since they are characterized by excellent efficacy and are practically harmless both for garden crops and for the human body. However, during processing activities, all safety rules must be observed.

Chemical fungicides

Many modern gardeners and gardeners are looking for the most effective drugs to combat diseases of fungal origin. In search of good solutions, they pay attention to innovative chemicals that guarantee high efficacy at low doses.

However, it is not recommended to get involved in such means, and the effectiveness that is not always stated in advertising is a reality. In the list of really good fungicides of the chemical type, which have managed to prove their effectiveness after lengthy experiments and research, it is important to highlight:

  • Bordeaux liquid
  • copper sulphate,
  • abiga-peak, sun,
  • zineb,
  • potassium permanganate,
  • soda ash,

Such tools were tested by experts and earned the right to be called one of the most effective of its kind. However, when operating chemicals at the site, you must be extremely careful and carefully study the instructions for use. Otherwise, you can harm yourself and crops.

Biological preparations

The range of fungicides with highly effective action is very extensive. In addition, in recent years, new solutions have emerged on the market that can protect plants from all sorts of diseases. Among them biological fungicides of contact action. They are made on a completely different principle than the previous, chemical. The basis of these drugs contain active bacteria that localize pathogens of fungal diseases and have a detrimental effect on them.

Biofungicides allow you to effectively deal with the problem without damaging the green spaces, animals, fish, bees, as well as people. If you wish to purchase good biological products, pay attention to the following list:

  • Hamair P,
  • Trichodermin,
  • Alirin-B,
  • Albite,
  • Phytosporin,
  • Agate,
  • Planzir and others.

It is important to understand that it is necessary to start treating plants with contact chemicals using chemicals long before flowering, as well as after harvesting. As for biological solutions, they effectively work throughout the growing season. In addition, among biofungicides there are also such preparations that can be exploited at the stage of fruit ripening. In any case, a novice gardener must understand that all fungicides are only preventive tools. If the active substances reach the causative agents of the problem, it causes their death. However, if the disease progresses, and the culture is severely affected, then it will not be possible to solve the trouble with such drugs.

How to work with contact fungicides

Как говорилось выше, использование фунгицидов – достаточно требовательный и кропотливый процесс. Before you start work, you need to carefully consider security issues, preparing specialized clothing, rubber gloves, glasses and a hat. After finishing the work, the clothes should be washed thoroughly, and hands and face should be washed with soap and water.

Before you start processing garden, garden or crops, prepare the ready-made solution, observing the correct dosage and all the recommendations that are attached in the instructions. Also, do not overlook the advice of experienced professionals, guided by their personal experience and skills.

The particular efficacy of the use of fungicides is seen when processing in the early morning or evening, in dry, calm weather. If the spraying was carried out before the rain or after it, a good result should not be expected. Active substances will simply be washed away by rain and will not take effect. As a result, the defeat will progress.

When carrying out spraying it is necessary to pick up an operating mode on small dispersion. The resulting solution cloud should spread to the lower and upper parts of the plant.

It is important to understand that it is impossible to spray the green parts of crops that will be eaten. To increase safety, it is necessary to have time to cultivate green spaces before flowering and fruit set.

Use the container where the solution was, for re-work Absolutely forbidden. Instead, it must be disposed of in designated areas for toxic chemicals. Storage areas for fungicides should be restricted from general access, while the preparations should be kept in sealed packages.

Given these recommendations, you can prevent the development of dangerous fungal diseases and at the same time protect yourself, plants and pets from the aggressive effects of highly toxic products.

Drug List

Most available fungicidal drugs possess high toxicity. Therefore, before you buy them and use on your site, you need to find good reasons. You must also carefully read the instructions for use and make sure that you can carry out processing activities on their own. Highlight a list of the most popular and effective fungicides for plants.

The composition of this drug from the contact-system group is copper oxychloride and oxadixyl. Most often it is used for prophylactic purposes and the suppression of various diseases of horticultural and indoor crops. Perfectly fights with late blight, macrosporosis, black bacterial spot and other hazards. Lack of toxicity increases the safety of using the product.

To begin processing, you must first prepare a highly effective solution. To begin with, 1/3 of the water should be poured into the fixture's tank, and then the stirring mechanism should be started and some preparation should be added. In the future, it remains to pour the remaining part and mix the solution well. The ready mix is ​​used for plentiful spraying of the culture which has given in to a fungus. In the process it is important to use only pure water.

As for the dosage, optimal performance keep at the mark of 1 packet of Oxyhoma per two liters of fluid. Sometimes it is necessary to carry out up to three procedures with an interval of 10-14 days. For processing is used exclusively freshly prepared solution.

Among significant benefits facilities:

  • highly effective system-contact action,
  • the ability of long lasting effect
  • minimal toxicity, if the treatment is carried out at the correct dosage,
  • economical consumption for preventive purposes.

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