General information

We grow flowers cockerels at their summer cottage


Rooster flowers are perennial plants of the iris genus. Grow almost everywhere and account for almost 700 types of different shapes and colors. They have been known for over 2 thousand years. Because of its beauty, this flower is considered to be loved by gardeners. They are an ornament of any garden plot. In addition, the essence obtained from these flowers is widely used in the perfume industry. They were called irises thanks to Hippocrates, who named them so in honor of the goddess Iris.

Cock has a large creeping rhizome and a branch branched at the top. Leaves, basal and linear, grow like a fan in groups of up to 9 in each. Leaves on a stalk are practically absent. Usually, the flower of this plant is single, rarely located in the inflorescence. The cock has an intricate shape and has a strong aroma. It contains six petals, three of which are turned downwards. Flowers are painted in different color schemes, which gives them unforgettable beauty. They bloom from late spring to mid-summer. Then, the fruits appear in the form of boxes. By coloring, they are divided:

  1. Monochrome. Petals have the same color.
  2. Two-tone. Petals of the same color, but different shades.
  3. Two-tone. The lower petals differ from the upper petals in color.
  4. Variegata. The lower petals are red-brown in color, and the upper ones are yellow.
  5. Amena. Top petals are white.
  6. Plikat. Petals have a color border that is different from the general color.
  7. Iridescent. One color of the petals smoothly into another.

There are many varieties and types of these flowers.

Types and types of cockerels

  • Bearded. According to the shape of the flower, these plants are divided into bearded and beardless. Because of the presence of hairs on the petals, experts call them bearded. Meanwhile, the flowers are divided into many classifications.
  • German Cockerel. There are hundreds of varieties of bearded cockerels, which are also called Germanic iris. Especially popular: Baltic Sea, Acoma, Bewilderbest, etc.
  • Siberian Iris. One of the varieties of beardless irises. The color of these flowers is blue, turning into purple. The only drawback is the lack of smell.

For a long time, you can list the varieties of iris, but we turn to the question of planting this plant.

Planting iris

Any landing begins with a choice of place and time.. As for irises, they can be planted in spring, summer after flowering and autumn. Landing time is selected depending on the climatic conditions in which you live. Another condition that should not be forgotten, the iris should be transplanted every 3-4 years. If this is not done, the plant will grow too much and stop blooming.

Before planting iris, you need to evaluate your site in order to choose the right type of plant. Some species like moist soil, and some, on the contrary, need a minimum of moisture. The place on the site should be chosen such that the sun and shadow alternated and wind blowing was minimal. At the site of planting it is desirable to enrich the soil. To do this, it is necessary to make compost and potash phosphate fertilizer. If the earth is too acid, you have to add lime or ash. And also to disinfect the place of planting the soil can be shed with a fungicide. So, we have prepared the place, now we will consider the features of planting in spring and in winter.

In the spring, before planting our plant, it must be treated with a growth stimulator. Ecogel or Zircon. Too long roots will need to cut and remove rotten places. It is recommended to hold the planting material in a solution of potassium permanganate, for disinfection. Then, when everything is ready proceed directly to the landing.

In the hole we pour a hill of sand. On it we lay out horizontally the rhizome of a bearded iris. We cover it with soil in such a way that the upper part of the rhizome peeks out a little and is watered abundantly. A beardless look, on the contrary, should be planted a little deeper and covered with mulch to preserve moisture. Holes must be made at a distance of at least 50 centimeters from each other.

Planting or transplanting after flowering is not much different from spring. In order for plants to take root before the onset of cold weather, it is advisable to perform the landing no later than the end of September. First of all, it will be necessary to extract the toffee bush and divide it into planting material. Then, make a revision rhizome, removing rotten places and shortening the roots. After processing the solution of potassium permanganate, leave the rhizome for 5-6 hours to dry. Next, perform the same steps as when planting in the spring.

Flower care

When caring for flowers, it is necessary to take into account the fact that they are very thermophilic and for their growth a lot of light is needed. Watering the plant is also part of the care, especially during the formation of buds. Experienced gardeners recommend watering flowers when the ground at their base is completely dry. Feed the rooster during growth is not necessary. They will be enough fertilizer applied in the spring before planting.

Weed control is included in the care. It is very important that the weeds around the flowers are removed only by hand. Otherwise, you can damage the rhizome and the flower will eventually disappear. Therefore, loosening should be carried out with great care. Do not forget to remove the missing flowers so that pests and diseases do not start.

Fight against diseases and pests

These flowers have a lot of pests and a high probability of being exposed to the disease. Therefore, a major role is played by preventive work in the prevention of diseases. If any instance struck Fusarium, then you must immediately remove the diseased flower. And the rest of the flowers must be treated with a solution of "Fundazol." By the way, it will be nice if you treat the rhizomes with this solution before planting. Then you reduce the chance that the flowers will fall ill.

Small insects thrips are very harmful to flowers. Their diet is plant sap. To combat them, flowers should be treated with karbofos solution. Small nematode worms also cause harm. They are terrible that they can survive the winter, settling in the plant. They fall on the flowers through weeds, so regular weeding is very important.

During all the days before the fry hatched, the male does not eat anything. It does not make him nervous or raise the temperature above 24 ° C, so that he does not begin to eat caviar. After about a week, the fry hatch and the parents should suck from them.

Further cultivation of fry as described previously. The only difference is the temperature, which should be lower for these types of cockerels.