Among lianas, primacy in popularity belongs to wax ivy. So he was called for beautiful, glossy, as if cast from wax flowers. The real name of ivy is hoya. Care at home does not require efforts and skills. And all the details of growing described in detail in this article.
Evergreen liana, named after the English gardener Thomas Hoy. Belongs to the Lastovnev family. In nature, there are about 200 species of plants. Many of them are grown in apartments. Liana is brought to us from India, Australia, South China. In nature, vines twine around tree trunks, twist stony slopes.
Curly, hanging varieties are known. On the stems of some vines are antennae. They hold on to their supports. The leaves are plain, speckled, speckled. The shape can be heart-shaped, rounded and twisted. On the stems are located opposite. The surface of the leaves is smooth, glossy, like polished wax. Flowers also seem wax. For this, hoya was called wax ivy.
As a houseplant, hoya is valued for flowering. Creepers in apartments usually do not bloom. Small flowers, gathered in umbrella inflorescences. The colors are varied - yellowish, pink, white. Small flowers resemble stars. In each inflorescence more than 20 flowers. With full coverage and care, adult hoyas bloom long and magnificently.
Interesting! Wax ivy is an unpretentious plant. So that he grew well and bloomed it systematically enough to water. Try not to disturb the flower unnecessarily - rarely transplanted, do not tolerate from place to place. An adult creeper, if supported, is able to braid the entire wall.
At least 200 hoya species have been discovered and studied. Only a few varieties are grown in apartments.
- Hoya is beautiful. Evergreen low shrub. Branches inclined or hanging down a length of not more than half a meter. The leaves are small, fleshy, slightly convex. Flowers - white stars with a crimson core.
- Hoya Carnose. The most common, popular liana. Shoots are long, lignescent. On the shoots are shiny leaves with a wax surface. The size of the leaves is up to 8 cm. The flowers are pale-pink, gathered in lush inflorescences of 20 pieces each. The decorative edging of flowers or the red core gives a decorative effect to some varieties. The more common name of the species is hoya fleshy.
- Hoya is majestic. The shoots pubescent, the leaves are oval-oblong with rounded at the base of the plate. The flowers are dark red. Inflorescences - umbrellas of 6 flowers.
- Hoya many-flowered. Unpretentious, often flowering vine. Buds appear almost constantly.
Interesting! It is believed that some flowers create a favorable atmosphere at home, others spoil the energy. Is it possible to keep hoya at home? All beliefs about her are contradictory. In terms of toxicity and harm to health, hoya is absolutely safe. Although some varieties during flowering emit a strong aroma - can cause allergies.
Liana unpretentious, does not require attention. But properly organized care hoya at home increases the decorativeness of the plant, increases the frequency and duration of flowering.
- Lighting. Favorable conditions - constant bright light. A moderate amount of direct sunlight tolerates calmly. In the summer of pritenyat, in the winter do without shading. They are not placed on the north side - the lack of light leads to the absence of flowering.
- Temperature. In the summer, it is maintained at around 20-24 ° C, in the winter - 16 ° C. Elevated temperatures in winter adversely affect flowering. Some varieties (for example, hoyu fleshy) are recommended to be kept in winter at 12-14 ° C. The room is regularly ventilated, but does not allow the formation of cold drafts.
- Watering. Adhere to the mode of moderate irrigation. Topsoil should dry out. In the autumn, the amount of water is limited, once the soil is completely dry. Then watered gently, not allowing the substrate to be overwetted. Twice a year it is recommended to bathe hoyu - completely immerse it in a bath with water for half an hour. Water gain warm - at least 30-32 ° C.
- Humidity. The dry air of the apartments does not frighten the vine. In high humidity blooms better. In the summer the plant is sprayed, avoiding water on the flowers.
- The soil. Special requirements for the composition of the soil does not impose. In natural conditions it grows on stony soils. Use of any ready soil for the blossoming house plants is allowed. For permeability and loosening, the finished mixture is supplemented with coal, pebbles, coarse sand, and crushed sphagnum. An obligatory condition for growth is a thick drainage layer at the bottom of the pot.
- Transfer. Young, actively growing vines are transplanted annually. As they age, the frequency of transplants is reduced first to 2, then to 3 years.
- Feeding. Bring only in the period of active growth according to the standard scheme - 2 times a month. Use means for flowering plants.
Features flowering! In the spring with the increase of daylight and temperature begins the awakening of the kidneys. A plant with buds can not be rearranged, rotated - this will lead to the fall of the buds. Brush colors are recommended to tie, fix on the support - they hang down under its own weight. To get a thick lush bush plant form - pinch young branches after 4 leaves.
Features of growing a flower
The domesticated hoyu is divided into three varieties:
- Hoya hanging (placement in an amber pot on the wall)
- Ivy (wraps around the pedestal)
- Upright or bushy
- Hoya is a plant that does not fear shade. The place for hoi can be identified in a not very sunny place, then her stems grow well. But if you want the plant to bloom, you need to find a brighter place for it. In addition, for hoi need a light day from 14 to 16 hours. Therefore, in winter, it can be extended using a fluorescent lamp.
When breeding hoy, you only need to comply with several conditions:
- Correct watering
- Regular feeding during flowering
- Fresh air
- Periodic bathing
- soil composition
- Constant location of the plant during the flowering period (it will drop buds from moving)
Soil for the plant
The composition of the soil depends on the health of the plant and its flowering. Many gardeners successfully use the soil for orchids. If you make it yourself, you need to take 1 part of peat, sand and humus and two parts of sod land. The plant will be grateful if you add here sphagnum and charcoal.
Location and lighting for the plant
This flower is not afraid of shade, so you can place it on the wall (hanging type), or where it will be good in the general interior. Of course, any florist will want to see a blooming hoiu, but before seeking its flowering, you should think about where it can be placed for this period. The fact is that hoi flowers exude such a strong aroma, especially at night, that it must either be exposed to the open air, or it can be constantly aired. If you want the flower to bloom, add light to the plant.
Important! If Hoya stubbornly does not bloom, change its place, perhaps it does not resemble a flower.
How to water
What hoya does not like is over-watering. It is much easier to perceive drying out than the bay. She very quickly begin to rot roots. For irrigation use water at room temperature.
In the summer and spring, hoya needs more water, the ground should always be slightly damp. In winter, watering is reduced and stop spraying the plant. If the winter for the plant is cold, watering should be reduced to a minimum.
Plant nutrition and fertilizer
During the flowering period, hoya requires feeding once every two weeks. You can use conventional fertilizers for flowering houseplants, but be sure to dilute half the fertilizer than indicated on the package (except for hoya lanceolate, it calmly tolerates the fertilizer in the usual dosage). Experts recommend to ask about what kind of soil usually grows wild fellow hoyi, and in accordance with this, choose mineral fertilizers for it.
Cropping is not very necessary hoy. This is done only when the processes grow too long.
Ways to transplant
If hoya grows in a plastic pot, you should push it a little and carefully remove the plant along with the earthy clod. Carefully clean the roots from the ground and carefully inspect them for pests or rotted parts. If the plant is healthy, you can immediately repot it. To do this, at the bottom of the pot you need to lay out the drainage (expanded clay, better new) and pour some of the soil.
The layer should not be very large. Place hoya on this substrate and cover the remaining space with the rest of the soil. The top layer of the earth should be well compacted so that moisture is better kept. After transplanting the flower should be well watered.
When hoya blooms, flower shape
Hoya blooms in spring and summer, the duration of flowering can range from several days to several weeks. Sometimes it happens twice during the spring-summer period.
As a rule, the inflorescence has the shape of an umbrella, on which from 1 to 50 flowers can grow. Flowers have a different shape, but they all have 5 petals. During flowering on the petals odorous nectar stands out. He can paint the petals in a pinkish color.
Problems, diseases and pests in the flower
Hoya may experience the following problems:
- Spots on the leaves. May appear due to excess sun, using too cold water for irrigation or over-feeding with fertilizer.
- Hoya drops leaves. This indicates excessive feeding of the plant or its drying.
- Hoya drops flowers The plant is transfused, it is not enough light.
- Pale leaf may be associated with insufficient feeding or with a very bright light.
As for pests, hoya may be affected by spider mites, scutes, aphids, or mealybugs. A sign of a spider mite can be dropping leaves. Remove surface pests by simply wiping the leaves with a swab dipped in alcohol. If the defeat has gone far, it is necessary to treat hoya with insecticides such as aktar or konfidor, watering the earth with a solution and spray it with a contact insecticide, for example, aktellik.
If powdery mildew appears on the hoy, the room where the flower lives should be aired more often.
Hoya Kerry is loved for the unusual shape of its leaves - the shape of a heart. That is why it is so popular as a gift for Valentine's Day - two hearts planted in one pot. True, it can grow for a long time, and not the fact that the leaves do not die, and did not give sprouts. It is not often found in amateur florists. But if there is, then it does not require special care, it is the same as for other representatives of the species. The only thing that distinguishes it from others is the thickness of the stem and the size of the leaves, so it needs reliable support.
The flowers of hoya bella (or hoya beautiful) are so correct that they seem unreal. This plant is ampelous, therefore it is better to plant it either in a wall pot, or to determine a place for it on a high shelf near the window. This type of hoi rarely gives basal shoots, so if you can, multiply it by cuttings and plant it in a pot. Then your plant will look magnificent and very beautiful. It has tiny leaves, no more than 3 centimeters and inflorescences of no more than 10 flowers. Hoya Bella can grow very long branches (up to 50 meters).
Hoya carnose or hoya fleshy has long stems, sometimes more than 5 meters in length. Its leaves - dense and shiny - can be variegated (with silver spots) and have a wax coating, for which it is also called hoey wax. The flowers are white, with a pink heart, gathered in umbrellas. This species is not afraid of dryness, high temperature and is not very picky about the ground. Hoya Karnoza has some very popular razovidnosti:
- Krimzon Queen grade - its leaves have a delicate pinkish-cream rim
- Grade "Exotic" (or hoya tricolor), different colored leaves on the same plant - green, cream and pink
- Hoya Compact has an unusual shape of leaves, they are twisted and create a curly halo around the flowers
This type of hoya has flowers in the shape of asterisks, shiny green leaves, which in the light can change color to red. Leaves can grow up to 11 centimeters. Flowers are always white. The flowers themselves are quite large for hoyas - up to 2 cm in diameter, and the inflorescence has from 20 to 40 flowers. They bloom for about 7 days and have a strong spicy smell.
Useful tips (Florist for a note)
- Do not try to quickly grow a shank with water rooting in winter. Better to do it in the spring, he will give roots within a week.
- With water rooting add to it Kornevin
- Flowers appear on stems at least 30 cm long
- For hoya to bloom, it must be grown from a flowering plant.
Why hoya does not bloom?
There may be several reasons - from a lack of color to the wrong location of it in the room. Perhaps she needs a cold wintering (up to +16 degrees), after such a rest the plant most often blooms. Watering may be disrupted. You just need to experiment and see what changes hoya will react to.
How is the wintering of the plant?
In winter, hoy give rest if it ceased to bloom. There are species that bloom all year round. They should be fed and watered as usual. Those plants that bloomed at the end of the summer go to rest. They reduced watering, spraying and feeding are stopped. Hoyi winter well on the insulated loggia at a temperature not lower than +14 degrees.
In the wild, hoya flower grows in tropical Australia, the Malay Archipelago, southern China and parts of India. Its creepers can travel along stony slopes and tree trunks. This is an evergreen plant with climbing and creeping shoots. Its leaves are ovate, oval or heart-shaped and fleshy leathery axillary inflorescences. The flowers are shaped like an umbrella and have five rounded petals each, gathered in inflorescences.
In general, hoya, the secrets of care for which are described below, is quite an unusual and beautiful ornamental plant. It can feel great in warm and moderate, and in cool enough rooms. The main thing for her is the availability of reliable support.
Homeland Hoya majestic, or Hoya imperialis, is considered the Malacca Peninsula. This type of climbing bush has oval-shaped leaves, oblong, reaching a length of 20 cm, the plates themselves are smooth and leathery. The flowers inside are dark red, and outside - yellow-green, forming umbrellas. Their star petals have a rather pleasant smell.
Hoya is lovely, or Hoya bella, growing mainly in Burma. It has the appearance of a small shrub with creeping shoots, densely covered with ovate lanceolate leaves no more than 2.5 cm in length. They are dense, slightly convex, with pointed tips. The flowers are small white with a bright red crown and hang down with umbrellas. Blooms profusely throughout the summer. Such ivy is often used in warm rooms in the form of an ampelous plant.
Hoya multiflora in the wild can be found in abundance in the forests of Malaysia. It is a climbing plant with linear, oblong leaves. Its flowers with narrow yellow petals are collected, like those of other varieties, in umbrellas.
In the subtropics of Asia and Australia, in a wooded area and on the cliffs, one can meet Hoya meaty (Hoya carnosa), or Hoya motoskey (Hoya motoskei). It is a creeper about 6 m long, having lowered creeping stems. The leaves are dark green, oblong or heart-shaped, shiny and fleshy. They reach up to 4 cm in width and up to 8 cm in length. The flowers are pale beige or white with a pink crown in the center, gathered in umbrellas and having a very pleasant aroma.
It is known that most ivy growing in the wild prefer a tropical climate, including hoya (flower). How to care for such a plant to create a comfortable environment? The answer to this question is quite simple: from March to October, watering should be moderately abundant. To do this, soft distilled water at room temperature will do. Since November, watering is somewhat reduced and it is produced two days after the topsoil becomes dry. If, however, watering is very rarely done, or to stop moistening the earth altogether, then at the hoya, the roots will die out and the vegetative period will begin.
Every spring and autumn, this home plant is subjected to the following procedure: you need to dip it in warm water, heated to 30-40 ⁰C, for about half an hour. The very same earthen clod with roots must stay in it for up to two hours. Such actions significantly accelerate the approach of flowering, as well as contribute to the rapid growth of such ivy as hoya (flower).
How to care for a plant during flowering
Ivy love the light, therefore, getting it in abundance, they will please their owners with beautiful buds. После того как бутоны хойи будут сформированы, растение лучше не трогать, а тем более не пытаться перенести его в другое место. Дело в том, что любые действия в это время могут привести к частичному или полному их осыпанию.
Clusters of flowers should be securely propped up so that the branches of the plant are constantly upright. After completion of flowering long shoots must be cut, and short and flowering - leave. In no case do not need to cut the flower stalks, because after a while the buds will appear again on them.
Hoya flower: care, transplant
It is no secret that in larger pots the plants feel much better. Experts recommend replanting young copies of the hoi no less than once a year, and adults every three. The plant grows well in neutral or slightly acidic soil, where the pH does not exceed 6.5. Although this ivy is unpretentious, it also requires a special blend consisting of two parts of clay-sod and one measure of leafy land, peat and sand.
In turn, Hoya beautiful prefers a different mixture. It is made from equal parts of leafy land, peat, humus and sand with a small addition of charcoal. Almost all plants need good drainage. Hoya (flower) is no exception.
How to care for the plant during the breeding season
In order for the young plant to appear flowers in the year of transplantation, it is necessary to plant it with stem layers. To do this, make an incision on the shoot and cover it with moss, and then wrap it with plastic wrap and tie it up. Soon roots will appear on it, after which they cut off its top and bury it in the ground. In order to get a thick bush, three, four, or even five shoots are planted in one pot at once.
As you know, many home plants can be propagated by cuttings. These include hoya (flower). Even a beginner lover knows how to care for her during this period. The reproduction of this plant is produced during the entire growing season, and the cuttings can be of various lengths. However, it is preferable that they were one or two pairs of leaves.
The cutting is always cut below the nodes, as the roots can grow not only from them, but also between them. They are rooted either in water or in a substrate consisting of peat and sand in a ratio of 2 to 1. At this time, it is necessary to monitor the temperature of the soil so that it stays at 20 ° C. Usually, the cuttings are rooted after three weeks, after which they are planted in a mixture of one part of sod and two parts of leafy earth and sand with a small addition of humus in pots with a diameter of not more than 10 cm.
It is difficult to find a more unpretentious plant than the flower hoya. The problems of its growth and flowering still exist. For example, it happens that the leaves turn pale, curl and gradually dry out. The reason for this may be too low temperature or excessive light. Also, falling leaves provokes very dry and hot air.
Growth inhibition and blanching hoyi can be caused by a lack of nitrogen in the soil. To remedy this situation, it is enough to feed the plant with urea at the rate of 1 gram per 1 liter of water. In addition, the leaves may turn yellow and later fall due to lack of watering or, conversely, from its overabundance.
Such problems appear mainly due to poor lighting. However, it is worth remembering that a similar situation may arise due to the transfer of the plant during its flowering to another place. Buds of flowers can pour in and with excessive or insufficient watering, as well as too dry air. By the way, do not forget, excessive moisture, combined with poor drainage can lead to the fact that the lower part of the stem, and then the roots begin to rot. In this case, the plant will not be able to save.
This plant most often suffers from insects such as aphids and spider mites, as well as mealybugs, whiteflies, and scale insects. The question arises, what to do if the pests still attacked the flower hoya? Care at home in this case should be more thorough.
Wingless aphids can grow up to 2.5 cm and have a pink, light green or yellowish color. It affects the whole plant, starting from the leaves and ending with buds. Hoya, affected by aphids, loses its bright color, the leaves turn yellow, curl and fall. Growth stops completely, already appeared buds do not open, and flowers become covered with nasty sticky secretions. This insect can cause the greatest harm in the spring, when the plant throws out tender young shoots.
If the flowers recently appeared aphid and the affected area is small, then caring for hoya at home should always include regular washing with a shower. Also, the most infected areas of the plant can be cut off, but this is done only if a small colony of insects has settled on it. In the most severe cases, special oil solutions are used, as well as insecticides, such as Karbofos, Fitoverma, Aktellik or Kinmiks.
Fight against spider mite
This pest is one of the most dangerous, it affects almost all domestic plants, including the flower hoya. How to care for him? How to quickly get rid of ticks? These questions interest many amateur florists. It is known that adult mites are small: the female grows up to half a millimeter and is colored bright red, while the male is almost two times smaller. The warmer the room, the higher the rate of their reproduction.
Spider mites live in colonies and infect all above-ground parts of the hoya: branches, leaves, and shoots. In this case, the whole plant is painted in a pale yellow color, and from the stems to the leaves stretch a lot of thin and barely noticeable cobwebs. When insects begin to suck the sap from the plant, pale dots appear on its leaves; if no emergency measures are taken, they quickly grow and take on the appearance of large whitish spots. Hoya begins to shed sick leaves, gradually weakens and stops growing.
Dry air in the room also contributes to the rapid reproduction of spider mites, so you need to monitor the level of humidity in the room. You also need to regularly clean fallen and damaged greens, remove dead flowers, gently wipe the leaves with a sponge or soft cloth soaked in warm soapy water.
Against harmful insects use special chemicals that are safe for people and animals. The most harmless are considered "Aktophit", "Vermitek" and "Fitoverm". You need to be prepared for the fact that you will have to use one of the drugs more than once, since it will not be possible to get rid of its one-time use of ticks. The number and processing intervals are directly dependent on the temperature in the room.
In order for any home plant to please the eye with its lush greenery and beautiful flowering, including quite unpretentious hoya, care is simply necessary day after day. Moreover, it does not take much time. It is enough to properly water the plant, replant it in time and periodically inspect it for the presence of harmful insects.
Location and lightingHoya prefers good lighting, can easily tolerate direct sunlight. But in the active sun, on the leaves of the vines may form burns.
Hoya is best placed on the western and eastern windows. If the army, all the same, is on the southern window, then in the summer, hoy is better to create a diffused light (throw tulle over the window).
Temperature mode: summer-winter
In summer, the most optimal temperature for hoyi, which is grown in room conditions, will be 25 degrees Celsius, and in winter - not less than 16 degrees.
If in winter the temperature will exceed 20 degrees Celsius, then the seasonal flowering of hoya will be liquid and insignificant.
It is recommended to conduct frequent airing in the room where hoya grows, but without creating drafts, as the plant may die.
Watering: summer-winterHoya - moisture-loving plant. Vine is abundantly watered from March to October, but needs the most active watering during summer periods.
As soon as you notice that the ground has dried, you need to water the plant with separated water. Do not forget also to take care of hoey: to clear the stems and the ground under the plant.
Since November, it is recommended to reduce watering hoi. In winter, the plant does not require much moisture, so that it can be watered for 4-5 days after the topsoil has dried. Water temperature for irrigation in winter should be tepid.
It is recommended to accelerate the growth of a plant and its flowering; in spring and autumn, immerse it in water at a temperature of 30-40 degrees for half an hour, and the ground with its roots for at least 2 hours.
During the growing season, hoya must be fed every 2-3 weeks. It is recommended to use complex mineral fertilizer for hoya. In winter, the plant does not need feeding.It is necessary to replant an adult plant hoi every three years. The plant loves slightly acidic or neutral soil (pH 5.5 to 6). Also, it is recommended to transplant a young plant every year (up to 3 years).
Hoya unpretentious to the soil. The best substrate for it will be a mixture of clay-sod, greenhouse and leaf earth (2: 1: 1). The second version of the soil: clay-sod, leaf soil, sand and peat (2: 1: 1: 1).
When choosing a soil, you should also consider the type of hoya. For example, Hoya Prekrasnaya loves a mixture of humus, leafy ground, peat, sand and a small portion of charcoal.