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Krasokhina grapes: a brief description of the varieties, the main characteristics

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Grapes are a unique creation of nature. Its berries can be both food and medicine. About the benefits and medicinal properties of grapes known for several thousand years. There are people who have dedicated their lives to growing grapes. Well-known winegrowers, who have made a huge contribution not only to the selection work, but also to the popularization of wine-growing, deservedly include Kostrykin Ivan Alexandrovich.

Many new varieties are associated with his name. After the death of her father, the daughter of Svetlana Ivanovna Krasokhina continued the work of his life. Grapes Krasokhina S.I. known far beyond the selection laboratory in Novocherkassk, where Svetlana Ivanovna has been fruitfully engaged in selection for many years.

The list of varieties and hybrid forms of grapes Krasokhina S.I.

For many new resistant hybrids of grapes, the Krasokhina's parental form has become a super early variety Vostorg. Svetlana Ivanovna’s father participated in the creation of Delight. Since this variety belongs to the early ones, Svetla Ivanovna also continued to work above all on the early varieties.

In addition to early varieties, among the hybrid forms of selection by Krasokhina, there are also middle and late ripening grapes. In addition, the grapes differ in purpose. There are technical and dining varieties.

Early varieties include:

  • Baklanovsky
  • Gadbena Know or Zolotinka
  • Platovskiy or Early Dawn

In addition to such properties as the timing of ripening and a close return of the crop, the breeder
Worked on:

  • disease resistance
  • frost resistance
  • unpretentiousness
  • the size of brushes and berries
  • taste
  • presentation
  • keeping quality

In addition to the early varieties, there are medium-term ripening among the Krasokhina grapes.
Among them, it is customary to single out Talisman and Alex. Among the later - Muscat Pridonsky. In her work, Svetlana Ivanovna focuses on different climatic and weather conditions. According to reviews, its grapes grow well in the Moscow region and in other regions where winters are quite cold and the number of sunny summer days is not very large. We will try to understand the basic merits of some varieties.

Variety Talisman or Kesha nutmeg

Table variety, in its breeding varieties were used Vostorg, Frumoasa Alba. Berries ripen for 127 - 135 days, a lot depends on weather conditions. Clusters of medium friability, average weight 900 - 1000 g, but can form clusters weighing up to 2.0 kg. Berries are large, with an average weight of 16.0 g, and in good conditions and with the observance of agricultural practices, they can be 20.0 g.

Color white, with a yellow tinge. Peel of medium density. The amount of sugar in the berries is high, reaching 23 g. Acids are not more than 8 g / l. Talisman withstands frost to - 25, he almost does not suffer from gray rot and mildew. Bushes are strong, tall. The talisman is almost not suitable for growing on one or two trellis, as it easily and quickly outgrows them.

For good harvest, Talisman requires:

  • arched supports
  • yield regulation
  • additional pollinator
  • complete cutting weak shoots

Pollinating varieties for Talisman can be:

Despite some peculiarities of cultivation, amateur gardeners choose a talisman because of harmonious taste, beautiful and large clusters, and keeping quality.

Variety Delight oval or Baklanovsky

Upon receipt of the Variety Delight, the Original and the Orient became parental forms for it. Early variety. By harvesting grapes Baklanovsky can start already on 115 - 120 day. Clusters weighing up to 850.0 g. Berries are large, white oval-shaped. Sugar in ripe berries up to 23%, acid is small, no more than 5 - 6 g / l.

Video about the grape variety Baklanovsky:

The variety has a good resistance to fungal infections of grapes. Carries frosts to - 25 degrees. Grape lovers choose variety Baklanavsky because of:

  • beautiful and tasty berries
  • very early maturation
  • a long stay of ripe berries on the bush without shedding, loss of taste and appearance
  • resistance to wasp damage
  • thin skin

These varieties are used for direct consumption or for home canning. For technical processing there are special grape varieties.

Description of the technical grape variety Platovsky selection S. Krasokhina. I.

Variety Platovsky has the second name Dawn clear. This is most likely due to the very early ripening and the appearance of white berries. They glow pink in the light, resembling the dawn of the morning. The basis of Platovskiy lay varieties Zaladenda and Gift Magaracha. Harvest this technical variety can be 110 days. The brushes are dense, the shape of the brushes is conical, the average weight is 200.0 g.

Berries for a technical grade are rather large, weighing up to 3–4 g. Sugar in berries is up to 21%, acids up to 9 g / l. It should be noted excellent frost resistance, the variety tolerates negative temperatures up to - 29. Resistant to most common grape diseases.

According to the reviews of amateur winegrowers, the variety completely transports winters in the middle lane directly to the trellis, retaining the ability to produce crops. Great for making homemade wines, juices and even for fresh consumption.

Wine from the Platovskiy grape variety has a harmonious dessert taste. For wine, you can take it in combination with several other technical varieties, or separately.

In addition, Platovsky can be used along the way for vertical gardening of gazebos and verandas. It should be said that all grape varieties and table, and technical selection of hereditary grower, PhD, Svetlana Ivanovna Krasokhina - this is an excellent choice for fans of these berries.

Vinogradar Krasokina Svetlana Ivanovna

Krasokhina Svetlana Ivanovna

Krasokhina S.I. Leading Researcher of the Laboratory of Breeding of the GNU All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking. ME AND. Potapenko Rosselkhozacadii, Novocherkassk Rost.obl., Ph.D. sr sciences.

Krasokhina grapes are distinguished by high yields and are always in demand. It is excellent for growing, both in the central part of Russia and in the northern areas. They are considered the most promising for breeding at the dacha and household plots.

Varieties of grapes Krasokhina

Platovskiy

Appeared as a result of crossing varieties Zaladande and Present Magaracha. Another name is Early Dawn.

Refers to technical grades. Full maturity 115 days. Medium culture. The shape of clusters is cylindroconical, medium sized brushes. The weight of one brush is 200 g. The structure of the brush is moderately dense. Fruits of medium size, the weight of one berry 2 grams. Fruits of white color of round shape (see Platovsky’s grape Krashokhin photo).

The taste is harmonious, juicy flesh. Excellent shoot maturity (up to 80%). Load up to 80 eyes. Crop on 3-4 eyes.

Maintains temperature to -29 ° C. Resistant to diseases and putrid formations.

Attention! It is necessary to remove the stepsons, fruitless and weak shoots and, preferably, the leaves shading the brush (this measure allows you to accumulate sugar).

Harvest stored month. Perfect for making wines.

Baklanovsky

Appeared as a result of crossing varieties Original and Delight. Other names - Delight oval, Delight original.

Refers to table varieties. Full maturation from 115 to 125 days. Medium culture. The form of bunches is conical, the brushes are large (from 650 to 850 grams). The structure of the brush is moderately dense. The fruits are large, white, rounded in shape (see Krasokina grape varieties).

The taste is harmonious, juicy flesh. Excellent shoot maturity (up to 80%). Load up to 40 eyes. Crop on 8-10 eyes.

Maintains temperature to -25 ° C. Resistant to diseases and putrid formations.

Rooting rate is high.

Galbena know

Galben grapes know

Appeared as a result of crossing varieties Frumoas Albe and Korinka Russian. Other names are Yellow New, Zolotinka.

Refers to table varieties. Full maturation from 105 to 120 days. Strong-growing culture. The form of clusters is wide-conical, the hands are large (from 450 to 750 grams). The structure of the brush is moderately friable. The fruits are large, amber-white, round shape.

Taste is harmonious with unobtrusive nutmeg taste, juicy flesh. Excellent shoot maturity (up to 80%).

Attention! Load up to 45 eyes. Crop on 6-10 eyes.

Maintains temperature to -25 ° C. Resistant to diseases and putrid formations.

Rooting rate is high.

Alex

It appeared as a result of crossing varieties Birunitsa and Delight. Refers to table varieties. Full maturation from 120 to 125 days. Strong-growing culture. Flower bisexual. The shape of grapes is cylindrical, large brushes (from 650 to 1000 grams). The structure of the brush is moderately dense. Fruits are large, white, oval. The weight of berries is 10-14 grams.

The taste is harmonious, juicy flesh. Excellent shoot maturity (up to 60%). Load up to 40 eyes. Crop on 6-8 eyes.

Maintains temperature to -25 ° C. Resistant to diseases and putrid formations.

Rooting rate is high.

Mascot

Appeared as a result of crossing varieties Frumoasa Albe and Delight. Other names - Super Kesha, Kesha nutmeg.

Table grade. Full maturation from 127 to 135 days. The flowers are functionally female, they are well pollinated, but help may be needed in pollination. Cluster form shirokokonicheskaya, large brushes (from 800 to 1100 grams). The structure of the brush is medium dense. Fruits are large (weight 12-16 grams) white.

Taste is harmonious with unobtrusive nutmeg taste, juicy flesh. Excellent shoot maturity (up to 90%).

Maintains temperature to -25 ° C. Resistant to diseases and putrid formations. The harvest is consistently high, long preserved on the bush. Rooting rate is high.

Krasokhina grapes: description and photo of the best varieties

Not a single cultivated plant deserves such attention as grapes, because nature has endowed it with unique and inimitable qualities. For more than one millennium, this plant pleases humanity with its fruits.

In addition, the berries of this plant are considered both food and medicine, which was well known to our distant ancestors. Not one century and millennium was spent on the improvement of this gift of nature.

One of the scientists involved in this, is a native land native to us - Svetlana Krasokhina: she not only founded the professional domestic selection of cultivated grapes, but also extolled domestic viticulture to unprecedented heights.

Krasokhina S. And

Krasokhina Svetlana Ivanovna belongs to the hereditary dynasty of winegrowers and breeders.

Today, there is no grape lover who would not know her father - Kostrykin Ivan Alexandrovich, because he not only put his whole life on the breeding of new plant varieties, but also became the founder of the national school of grape selection.

Having absorbed all her love for the vine from her father, Svetlana Ivanovna decided to continue his work. In 1995, Svetlana Ivanovna graduated from the Kuban State Agrarian University, whose walls helped her become a true certified specialist in the field of vegetables and grapes.

But despite this, she began work on the selection of grapes back in 1988, under the close supervision of her own father. After graduating, Krasokhina is working on her PhD thesis, which she successfully defended already in 2001 and becomes a candidate of sciences in the specialty “Fruit Growing, Viticulture”.

The diploma of the candidate of science opens for her a new level in the development of her beloved business, and very soon the young scientist produces a huge number of successful grape varieties within the walls of her native All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Viticulture and Wine-Making.

That is why, in a short time, amateur gardeners and large industrial enterprises began to queue behind the seedlings of grapes Krasokhina.

Today, Svetlana Ivanovna is a Candidate of Sciences, a researcher at the laboratory of breeding and ampelography, in which she is working on breeding new varieties of cultivated plants by isolating genetic sources of biologically valuable traits.

The main advantage of Krasokhina is 9 technically valuable varieties of grapes, in the selection of which she took direct part, and 150, which are being tested. In addition, the professional experience gained over the years of research has helped her become the author of a manual on table varieties of this plant and create 2 educational films about grapes and its various hybrid forms.

Svetlana Ivanovna has become a recognized expert in the field of determining the variety of grapes and its breeding purity. All this contributed to the fact that Krasokhina became the main domestic consultant of wineries on the processes of selection and cultivation of optimal varieties of technical varieties of plants.

Popular varieties

When it comes to Krasokhina Svetlana Ivanovna, most gardeners associate with elite grapes and characteristic varieties.

These primarily include table and technical winter-hardy species with high yields, a low number of seeds and a light, but expressive muscat aroma.

The fruits of these plants have a pleasant, delicate taste and improved technical characteristics for the production of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages.

Seedless

Seedless varieties are one of the most sought after among our compatriots, as they have a pleasant nutmeg taste, juicy and are almost completely devoid of bones. This characteristic has become one of the main reasons, which has ensured the national popularity of both common people and huge production holdings for seedless species.

Among the works of Krasokhina the most popular varieties are:

  • "Assol": grapes, which has an average ripening period (about 130 days). In temperate climates, the berries ripen in the first half of September. Bushes in sizes not big. Clusters are large, weighing up to 700 g, small berries. The mass of an average berry is about 3 g, they belong to the 2nd class of seedlessness. The shape of the berries is slightly oblong, there is a point on the upper part, the color is in most cases bright pink shades. The taste is pleasant and holistic. The flesh is juicy. Fruitful shoots on a bush no more than 60%. The variety is resistant to downy mildew,
  • "Kishmish Novocherkassky": a plant of medium or late maturation. The optimal time for first crops in a temperate climate zone is the beginning of September. The clusters are not large in size, weighing about 400 g. Berries are of medium size and belong to the 4th class of seedlessness. The weight of an average berry is within 3 g, and their shape is oval, occasionally ovoid. The color of the fruit is within the pink shades. The flesh is fleshy and juicy, the taste is holistic, the number of fruitful shoots varies between 70-90%. The variety is resistant to gray rot and downy mildew,
  • "Yasya": one of the newest varieties, the berries ripen early, no later than the end of July. Clusters are large, their weight is within 600 g, and in some cases up to 1 kg. The berries are large, the mass of 1 berry is within 5-6 g, oval in shape, violet shades prevail in color. The flesh is juicy, fleshy, with a holistic muscat flavor. Grapes belong to class 1-2 seedlessness. The number of fruitful shoots in the range of 70-80%. The variety is resistant to mycosis of various origins.

The next most common type of "Krasokhinsky" grapes are table varieties. Despite their youth, they actively conquered household plots, and also became an indistinguishable part of the shops of many stores.

The most popular of them can be called:

  • "Alex": a variety that ripens early (no more than 120 days). The bushes are large, the clusters are large, reaching a mass of about 1 kg. The berries are white and fairly large in size, which is very noticeable compared to other varieties, oval in shape. Their average weight is within 14 g. The flesh is dense, juicy and fleshy. The taste is pleasant. The number of fruitful shoots does not exceed 60% of the total mass. The variety is not damaged by wasps and shows noticeable resistance to pathogens of gray mold, true and downy mildew,

Important!If you have taken measures to breed the “Alex” variety on your own plot, remember - this plant develops best on the southern and western slopes.

  • "Talisman": the fruits of the plant ripen early (no more than 130 days). The clusters are small, but reach an average weight of 800-1100 g. The berries are very large, which is also noticeable to the naked eye: the average weight of a single berry is in the range of 11-15 g. With full care, berries are light shades (mostly white). The taste is holistic, with full ripeness a slight nutmeg is added to the overall taste. The number of fruitful shoots is approaching the maximum level and is about 70-90%. Устойчивость к ложной мучнистой росе и серой гнили — повышенная,
  • «Золотинка»(Галбена Ноу): ранний сорт умеренной географической широты, который созревает на протяжении 110-120 дней. Кусты рослые. Гроздья винограда большие, но вес их при этом не превышает 700 г. The berries are large, on average their weight is no more than 8 g. They are rounded or oval in shape, and the color variety of the berries is in the limit of soft green shades. The fruitfulness of the shoots does not exceed 80%. Zolotinka shows resistance to gray rot and downy mildew.

Important!One of the main rules for growing the Zolotinka variety is timely chasing of a young plant: it protects the bush from the complex interweaving of branches.

Technical

Technical grape varieties Krasokhina occupy more than one catalog, but the most popular are only a few. They managed to conquer the manufacturer, first of all, by high yields and increased, relative to competitors, technological characteristics. Among them it is worth noting:

  • "Platovskiy": a very early grape, its ripening period lasts no more than 115 days. The clusters are medium in size, and their mass does not exceed 200 g. The berries are small, round, their mass is not more than 2 g. The color of the berries is mostly white, but a characteristic pinkish tint appears in the sun. The flesh is juicy, the upper skin of the berry is distinguished by a thin, but firm skin. The taste is pleasant and uniform. The number of fruitful shoots reaches 85%. The variety is resistant to severe frosts (down to -29 ° C), as well as to gray rot, false and true powdery mildew, phylloxera,

Important!In order to achieve high yields, plants of the variety “Platovskiy” should be subjected to timely hiding and removal of old shoots.

  • "Muscat Pridonsky": grapes late ripening (not earlier than the first half of September). The clusters are small, their average mass does not exceed 250 g. The berries are small, round, mostly green and white, fleshy and juicy. Their taste is homogeneous, contains a noticeable nutmeg note. Fertility of shoots reaches 95%. The variety shows resistance to severe frosts (up to -27 ° C) without additional shelter, and is also not susceptible to phylloxera. In the production of Muscat Pridonskogo make good sparkling wines.

Grape breeding Krasokhina S.I. can rightly be considered a real asset of domestic agriculture. Obtained in the course of grueling experiments, the plants are perfectly suited to fulfill their goals, which is especially important for technical cultivars. Despite the abundance of foreign analogues, only a sapling “from Krasokhina” will help to grow a harvest that is really rich in taste in our latitudes.

On the work of the grower S. I. Krasokhina

Svetlana Ivanovna is an outstanding successor to the dynasty of winegrowers, whose efforts have produced more than 150 varieties of this crop. Krasokhina is studying the use of growth regulators for table grapes with a female type of flowering.

S. I. Krasokhina has already become the owner of four copyright certificates for grapes and two patents for inventions. In addition to research on the improvement of the varieties bred by the breeders and the development of new, with improved resistance to damaging factors of hybrid forms, Svetlana Ivanovna advises winegrowers on the choice of varieties and the necessary agricultural techniques.

Grapes "Platovsky"

Technical grade from the parental line represented by Zaladenda and Podarok Magaracha. Many are known as the "Early Dawn". The aging period is 110 or 115 days.

Bushes are characterized by average growth power. Grape clusters have a cylindrical shape and medium size, weight is not more than 250 g. Berries are round in shape and medium in size, weighing about 2 g. The main color of the berries is white. Tastes are good. The taste of the grapes is very harmonious, and the pulp is characterized by juiciness.

The plant differs by shoot maturity at the level of 80% and easily withstands a load of 80 buds. Pruning should be carried out on 3-4 eyes. Frost resistance to -29 ° C. Resistance to major fungal infections and rotting is sufficient. The variety is characterized as ideal for making high quality wines.

Grapes "Muscat Pridonsky"

The variety obtained by crossing the varieties "Orion" and "Friendship". This is a white wine grape of medium maturity. Harvesting begins after 130 days.

Shrubs have a fairly strong growth and good indicators of vine ripening. The grape brush has a cylindrical shape, the average value and the average density, the mass varies from 200 to 250 g

The berries have an average weight of 2.5 g, a round or slightly oval shape, as well as a characteristic white color. Taste harmonious, muscat flavor is present. The flesh is very juicy, covered with a thin, but strong skin. Indicators of sugar accumulation do not exceed 20.0 g / 100 cm 3, the acidity is 12.0 g / dm 3. The number of fruitful shoots is about 95%, the fruiting rate ranges from 1.6 to 1.8.

The bush easily maintains loading in 60 eyes. Trimming is done on 3 or 4 eyes. The plant can withstand temperatures down to -27 ° C. Grapes demonstrate moderate resistance to mildew, oidium, gray rot and phylloxera. Ideal for making high-quality wines, drinks get high marks during tasting.

Grapes "Baklanovsky"

Table variety obtained as a result of the work of crossing the grapes "Original" and "Delight". Also known under the name "Oval Delight" or "Original Delight."

Full maturity occurs on the 115-125th day after the awakening of the kidneys. The bushes are characterized by an average growth force and form large, moderately dense cone-shaped brushes weighing from 600 to 900 g. Berries of large sizes, white coloring and a rounded, leveled shape.

Taste characteristics are good. The taste of juicy pulp of ripe berries is very harmonious. The variety has excellent maturity of shoots, which reaches 80%. Standard load is no more than 40 eyes. Pruning is recommended for 8-10 eyes. The plant can withstand temperatures down to -25 ° C. It is highly resistant to rot.

Grape "Talisman"

Table grapes from the parent line, represented by the varieties "Frumoasa Albe" and "Delight". Also known under the names "Super Kesha" and "Kesha Muscat".

The average aging period may vary depending on weather conditions from 120 to 135 days. The type of flowering is functionally feminine with good pollination rates. The grape brush forms a wide, conical and fairly large. The average weight varies from 800 g to 1.1 kg. Clusters are characterized by an average density. The berries are white, most often large, with an average weight of 12 to 16 g.

Tastes are good. The taste is quite harmonious, with the presence of a barely perceptible nutmeg. Juicy flesh is covered with a completely eaten peel. Vine maturity rates reach 90%. Frost varieties up to -25 ° C. There is sufficient resistance to major grape diseases and rot.

Alex Grape

Table white grape variety obtained from the parent line, which is represented by the varieties "Birunitsa" and "Delight". From the moment of the awakening of the buds on the vine to the harvesting phase of a fully ripened crop, 120 to 130 days pass. Grape bushes of this variety are characterized by strong growth and bisexual type of flowering.

Grape brushes of cylindrical shape, large size, weighing from 650 g to 1 kg or more. The bunch has a moderately dense structure. The berries are large, oval in shape, with a skin of white coloring. The mass of berries varies from 10 to 14 g.

Tasteful indicators worthy. The taste is very harmonious, juicy flesh. Indicators maturity shoots reach 60%. The standard load on the bush is not more than 40 holes. Pruning should be carried out on 6-8 eyes. Frost resistance to -25 ° C.Resistance to major grape diseases and rot is average.

Grapes "Zolotinka"

The variety referred to the GSE under this name is better known as “Galben know” or “Yellow New”. Obtained as a result of crossing the varieties of the parental line "Frumoasa Alba" and "Korinka Russkaya".

From the moment of the awakening of the kidneys to the full ripening of the berries, it takes from 105 to 120 days. Grape bushes are characterized by strong growth and are capable of forming broadly conic, fairly massive in size brushes. The mass of a bunch of grapes can vary from 400 to 850 g. Ripened grapes have moderate friability.

The berries are formed in large sizes, white coloring with an amber shade and rounded shape. Tastes are high. The taste is harmonious, with minor notes of nutmeg. The flesh is quite dense and juicy. The rate of maturity of the shoots is 80%.

Viticulturist reviews

Both experienced and novice winegrowers are perfectly familiar with the hybrid forms that are selected by S. I. Krasokhina. Both own-rooted and grafted seedlings have good viability and quickly adapt. Gardeners with experience recommend to take into account one of the main rules for choosing grapes for cultivation: it is necessary to ascertain the zoning of the hybrid form.

The varieties bred by S. I. Krasokhina deserve the following reviews of growers:

  1. "Platovskiy" characterized as very good for homemade wine. However, it is noted that wine from this grape is susceptible to oxidation under the influence of oxygen, therefore it is necessary to use potassium pyrosulfate or to fumigate the wort with sulfur.
  2. The scourge of a large part of the vineyards is a destructive phylloxera disease - for "Muscat Pridonsky" not terrible, which makes this hybrid grape form is very popular among many winegrowers involved in the cultivation of berries for the purpose of implementation.
  3. The form "Baklanovsky" It has a fairly high resistance to mildew and oidium damage, and is also slightly affected by gray rot. Many amateur gardeners taste this variety seems rustic, devoid of frills. However, the survival rate of cuttings and yield deserved the highest accolades.
  4. Hybrid form "Mascot" in carrying out proper care, it is capable of generously giving the grower very tasty berries, which are suitable not only for personal use, but also for sale.
  5. New and very promising table grapes "Alex", according to most gardeners who cultivate different varieties, is truly worthy and is distinguished by the fact that it abundantly bears fruit and forms a commercial crop, regardless of weather conditions.
  6. Grapes called "Golden" enters the phase of fruiting on the 2nd or 3rd year after planting. Further yield and quality of berries entirely depend on the compliance with agricultural technology.

Krasokhina grapes: a brief description of the varieties, the main characteristics

Krasokhina S.I. Leading Researcher of the Laboratory of Breeding of the GNU All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking. ME AND. Potapenko Rosselkhozacadii, Novocherkassk Rost.obl., Ph.D. sr sciences.

Krasokhina grapes are distinguished by high yields and are always in demand. It is excellent for growing, both in the central part of Russia and in the northern areas. They are considered the most promising for breeding at the dacha and household plots.

Dynasty continuer

The research institute was conceived to expand the zone of risky breeding of a plant that is not typical for our country - grapes.

Krasokhina Svetlana Ivanovna

The noble goal of scientists was embodied - the promotion of this culture to the north and the creation of an industrial raw material base for winemaking.

Experimental fields and nurseries appeared in other regions, business relations with European science and wine industry were secured by agreements. 200 research institutes joined the process of hybridization and adaptation of the “solar berry” varieties.

Among the creative, mostly male group, the selection work of a pretty, still young woman - Svetlana Ivanovna Krasokhina, a representative of the whole dynasty of winegrowers, gained recognition. Now the grape Krasokhina S.I. occupies a leading place in popularity.

In the record of Svetlana Ivanovna:

  • degree in fruit growing and viticulture,
  • 85 print jobs
  • the position of lead researcher
  • 3 patents for inventions related to grape grafting,
  • 4 copyright certificates for varieties entered in the Register,
  • co-creation of 6 new varieties (dining and technical),
  • approbation of 150 grape varieties,
  • advisory assistance on the site.

"Varieties Krasokhina"

What grape varieties mean when talking about “Krasokhina grades”? These are, above all, winter-hardy high-yielding table varieties with a reduced number of seeds and nutmeg, as well as white technical varieties intended for the production of soft drinks, light wines and drying.

The first group includes: Talisman, Alex, Zolotinka (Galbena know) and Balkanovsky.

To the second - Platovsky and Muscat Crystal (working title).

In development are - grade "Pink Cloud", "Refrigerator", "Giant".

Grape Talisman

“Talisman” (“Kesha 1”) is a popular table white grape variety with pronounced tasting qualities (8 points).

  • the size of the berries and brush (up to 2 kg),
  • ready for fruiting in the 2nd year after landing in the ground,
  • maturity - late,
  • the abundance of brushes can overload the bush - needs to be rationed,
  • the main plus of the variety is disease resistance and cold resistance (up to –25 ° C).

To improve the qualities of the variety, the author recommends applying to the plant a high agrofon with adjustable irrigation, balanced feeding, additional pollination and rationing of the ovary.

More clearly with the grape variety "Talisman" can be found in the photo:

Alex Grape

The Alex grape variety (VI -3-3-8) is an early ripening table grape variety (115 days). Regions of cultivation - Center and South of Russia, the Far East. Parents: Moldovan grape Biruintsa and Delight.

  • as a vigorous plant with an average maturity,
  • bush form,
  • leaves are dark green with two-sided color difference, slightly pubescent, with a jagged edge,
  • fruiting young shoots corresponds to 70%,
  • fruit clusters elongated (up to 35 cm), heavy (up to 1 kg),
  • the berries are large, milky with a golden hue on the sunny side,
  • the skin is dense but elastic,
  • tasting score - 8.2,
  • the hybrid is capable of self-normalizing ovaries,
  • after harvesting, a sugar accumulation process continues in the fruit,
  • tolerance of low temperatures - up to –25 ° C,
  • resistant to major grape diseases (up to 3.5 points) including phylloxera,
  • Suitable for transportation and export shipments.

Resistance to disease can also boast Augustine, Liang and Levokumsky.

See photos of the grape variety “Alex” below:

Zolotinka grapes

“Zolotinka” (“Galbena know”, “Yellow New”) is a strong-growing table nutmeg white grape variety with an extremely early ripening period (105 days).

Parents: Moldavian White Beauty grape and seedless variety Korinka Russian, with the makings of high winter hardiness.

  • abundant fruiting of young shoots up to 85%,
  • early entry into fruiting after planting in the ground (2-3 years),
  • large, branched, slightly loose brush up to 700 grams. by weight
  • berries of white amber color, large (8gr) and rounded,
  • sugar content of juice 24%,
  • Muscat flavor raises the tasting score to 8,
  • has a valuable quality universal stock,
  • rooting cuttings great,
  • resistant to putrefactive bacteria and low (down to –27 ° C) temperatures.

High sugar content also distinguishes Aladdin, Delight White and King Ruby.

Appearance of grapes "Zolotinka" on the photo:

Grape Baklanovsky

"Baklanovsky" ("Delight original", "Delight oval", "Oval") - table grape white grape. Maturation period is only 115 days.

Parent couple: Delight grapes and highly decorative Ukrainian variety Original.

  • intensive growth force
  • fruitfulness of shoots of the first year of life up to 85%,
  • yield - 120 c / ha,
  • clusters are conical or shapeless, not very dense, of solid weight (up to 2 kg),
  • berries are elongated, with a tan and fleshy crispy flesh,
  • taste pleasant, balanced in sugar and acid,
  • optimal pruning - with the remaining 2-4 buds,
  • may, after maturation, remain up to 1.5 months on the bushes without loss of consumer qualities,
  • used as a stock,
  • suitable for transportation,
  • resistant to the main diseases of the culture (vulnerable phylloxera),

For arch cultivation are also Arched, Gurzuf Pink and Red Delight.

See photos of grapes "Baklanovsky" further:

Grapes Platovsky

The “Platovskiy” (“Early Dawn”) grape variety is a technical (universal) grape characterized by an extremely short ripening period (only 110 days).

Among the technical varieties stand Bianka, Levokumsky and Krasa Beam.

Region of distribution: Center and South of Russia, Siberia, the Far East. Parents: Crimean hybrid Present Magaracha and "Zeleland" ("Hall denda").

  • exceptional frost resistance (up to - 30 ° C),
  • moderate growth force
  • thick leaf cover
  • the presentation of the fruit is modest: the berries are small (up to 2 grams), dense brushes are also small (up to 200g),
  • berries with a light rozovinka and thin skin,
  • tasting score - 8.4,
  • семена полноценные, цветок обоеполый,
  • имеет сахаристость 20%, что определяет вкус ягоды как приятный с присутствием муската,
  • плодоносность новой поросли до 85%,
  • долговисящий сорт,
  • berries in sugar accumulation process continues and at the end of the ripening period,
  • easy to maintain, available in reproduction, intense growth,
  • resistant to putrefactive bacteria.

Then you can see in the photo grape variety "Platovsky":

Muscat Pridonsky grapes

"Muscat the Don" - a technical white grape variety of the late period of aging.

Parent pair: European wine variety "Orion" (distribution region - Germany and the United Kingdom) and the universal hybrid Friendship (Russia).

  • the strong growth of the plants,
  • high fruitfulness (up to 95%) of the shoots of the first year,
  • lobes,
  • small size cylindrical brush shape (250g),
  • memorable taste of aromatic thin-skinned berries with sugar content sufficient for winemaking (20%),
  • immunity to the main diseases of this culture and tolerance to phylloxera,
  • tolerance to low temperatures to 27 ° C (without additional shelter)
  • has a tasting score as dessert wine - 8.6, as sparkling - 9.4.

Check out the appearance of grapes "Muscat Pridonskaya" in the photo below:

Crystal Muscat Grapes

Crystal Muscat (9-2-pc) is a new promising universal white grape variety. It is used for fresh consumption and as raw material in the wine industry.

Parent couple: Talisman and Muscat Delight. It feels good in all regions with the sun in the summer and not too harsh winters.

  • unprecedented ripening (early August),
  • flowers bisexual,
  • fruits are collected in a brush of medium density (up to 1000gr),
  • berries of amber color, rather large (6gr),
  • flesh is juicy, crisp, with a pronounced muscat flavor,
  • tasting score - 8.6 points,
  • sugar to about 20%, which permits the use of a fruit wine,
  • yields are very high, rationing of the ovaries is required,
  • without shelter tolerates lowering the temperature to -25 ° C,
  • not affected botrytis, but resistance to other diseases more checks
  • used in the production of dessert and sparkling wines.

See photos of grapes "Muscat Crystal":

Perspectives

Currently, the selection work, which leads S.I.Krasohina, aimed at:

  • making table large-seedless seedlings,
  • combination of table qualities of grapes and frost resistance,
  • the creation of table varieties with a short growing season,
  • Search forecasted indicators of productivity of dual-privoynyh couples
  • study of the adaptation processes of famous collection stocks in the conditions of the South of Russia,
  • the creation of technical varieties that are not oxidized during mechanized cleaning,
  • Zoning red technical grades, atypical for cultivation in the bottom,
  • the creation of new varieties (adaptation of already recognized) with resistance to the scourge of vineyards - phylloxera.

It remains to wait for the new grape masterpieces from the scientist breeder.

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