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How to grow ginseng yourself

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Wild ginseng is listed in the International Red Book, so in many countries this plant is cultivated in the fields. Why not try growing it in your own summer cottage?

The natural range of ginseng growth covers the countries of Asia, Russian Primorye and North America. The plant is a bush up to 70 cm with oblong leaves, pointed at the ends. From the age of 3, ginseng begins to bloom with small white-green "asterisks" gathered in umbrella inflorescences. Its fruits are small red berries with 1-2 seeds inside. Root ginseng root, branching, with a diameter of 2.5 cm, length up to 25 cm, milky color.

For therapeutic purposes, suitable roots 4-6 years and older. They are used in medicine as a powerful tonic, increasing efficiency, prolonging youth and healing from a variety of diseases means.

Preparation of beds

Having learned that the climate in the European part of Russia is quite suitable for ginseng, I decided to plant it in the garden. Seedlings - 2-year-old roots of seaside (Ussuri) ginseng - purchased in the nursery. The soil, as I was advised by experienced gardeners, took in the forest. One part - under deciduous trees, the other (in the same volume) - under conifers. He also mixed in it the same amount of dung humus and 1/6 part of wood ash, sand and peat. The beds are located from west to east. First laid a layer of drainage (20 cm) of gravel. Then a layer of fertile substrate (30 cm), watering it with a solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per 10 l). The edges of the beds fortified boards.

Since ginseng does not tolerate direct sunlight, I built an inclined (from north to south) canopy over a garden bed with a 1.5 cm cross-bar, nailed at intervals of 2 cm. From the southern, western and eastern sides, I installed rack shields.

Ginseng roots are dug up in October, they can be stored in dried form for up to 5 years

Spring or autumn?

Planting ginseng is recommended to engage in early spring or late autumn. I planted the roots in April at a distance of 35-40 cm from each other, deepening the apical buds by 4-6 cm. After 2 years I collected the first seeds from my plants and the next year I sowed them. Now I have a mini ginseng plantation.

In general, fresh seeds of this crop sprout only after 21 months. But if you spend stratification, then shoots will appear after 8 months. For this, seeds should be placed for 5-10 minutes. in a solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per 2 liters), then rinse, dry, mix with clean sand and keep 4 months warm (15-25 °), periodically moistening. Then gradually reduce the temperature to 0-3 ° and keep the seeds for another 3.5-4 months. When sowing, stick them into the ground with “noses” down, deepening 3-5 cm, at a distance of 2-5 cm from each other. Leave between rows up to 15 cm.

Cooking Ginseng

After 4 years of growth, ginseng roots can be used to prepare various tinctures, decoctions, extracts, ointments. sometimes out of it prepare powder. To do this, dry and grind. Apply 0.25 g orally at a time, at intervals of three times a day.

Ginseng tincture Cooking should be on alcohol in the ratio of 1:10. Apply doses of 10-15 drops. It happens that the roots of ginseng insist on wine and brandy.

Useful properties of ginseng

This plant is rich in vitamins of group B, C, nicotinic, pantothenic and folic acids, contains pectin, essential oil, amino acids.

In addition to this, ginseng is rich in macronutrients (calcium, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus) and trace elements (copper, iron, cobalt, molybdenum, manganese, zinc, titanium, chromium).

How to grow ginseng

Ginseng, shade-loving culture. In bright sunlight, the leaves begin to fade and gradually die, the root itself may hibernate for several summer seasons. Ginseng can grow only on the dark places of the suburban area.

The landing site itself is better to choose in the lowland, but that the groundwater does not lie too close to the surface. One-to-one substrate of peat, humus and crushed wood rot is added to the prepared hole.

From above everything is poured abundantly, after a week you can plant ginseng roots, to a depth of 7-10cm and 35-40cm distance from each other.

In the first season, the sprouts may not appear, do not despair, put a label, so as not to forget where ginseng grows, take care, water, and warm the garden for the winter with fallen leaves.

Next year the first leaflets may appear. The plant will bloom in 3-4 years. In the same period, red berries will appear, from which seeds can be obtained to propagate the plant and increase the plantation.

The berries are harvested in September, and immediately can be sown to a depth of 7 cm at a distance of 10 cm. Germination is weak, so do not expect that it will be possible to grow ginseng from each seed.

Better sow with a margin. For the winter, insulate, and in the summer, feed with humus and cover with mulch.

Harvesting of ginseng roots begins at the age of 6 years. Blooms plant every year, respectively, the number of seeds will constantly increase.

In order to grow ginseng in a sunny area, it is necessary to create artificial shading from the grating fence; it can also be useful for creating a canopy in a rainy summer.

Along the edges of the planting, you can lay the grass, which must be kept moist, then the soil will be moist and nutrients will be supplied to the roots.

Try to grow ginseng in the garden in the country, I am sure you will succeed too.

With garlic and calendula

Shoots of ginseng must be protected from frost below 0 ° C, covering them with non-woven material. Care is the regular watering of plantings, removal of weeds, loosening the soil, mulching the needles with needles. For the winter, it is necessary to warm the ginseng with 5 cm of foliar leaves. From diseases and pests in early spring and late autumn, treat the plants with a solution of Bordeaux liquids (1-2%). At the beginning and in the middle of May and also in the middle of June it is necessary to spray them with a solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per 10 liters).

I myself add potassium permanganate even in irrigation water (1 g per 100 l). And in order to scare away mice, moles, Maybirds, aphids, wireworms, slugs from ginseng, plant beds with black roots, calendula, wormwood, garlic.

Harvesting

Digging up the roots in October. A fortnight before that, I stop watering ginseng. The entire crop is washed with a brush under the tap from a hose. Then I dry the roots, wrap them in plastic wrap and keep them in the fridge for up to 3 months. I shift part of the roots with moss and send it to the basement. There they lie, without losing their properties, up to a year.

Dried roots are stored for up to 5 years. But for this they need to be treated in a special way. Large roots (over 30 g) cut into plates of 5-7 mm. Then put everything in a double boiler and keep in it for 1 hour at a temperature of 80-100 ° C. Then dry the day in the oven at a temperature not higher than 60 ° and dry it for another 2 weeks at room temperature.

Culture description

Ginseng is a perennial plant with 11 species. Most varieties of this crop grow in nature in East Asia, and some are found in North America. Tibet is the richest in ginseng, so it was there that the unique healing properties of this plant were noticed.

The ancient Chinese saw in the outlines of the root an external resemblance to a person, therefore this name was born, which in translation from Chinese means “man-root”.

Plant appearance:

  • in its upper part there is a large wintering bud, from which the following year develops an escape up to 50 cm high,
  • along the entire length of the root are dormant buds, from which shoots are then formed,
  • stems are straight, solitary with long foliage,
  • flowers ugly, small with a white corolla,
  • the fruit of the plant is a bright red juicy drupe, consists of several seeds.
Ginseng blooms in June, and fruits in the last month of summer. The culture propagates only by seeds, they germinate two years after planting. In nature, the plant lives in mixed forests of mountain ranges.

Where to plant ginseng

Knowing how to grow ginseng properly in your garden, over time you can get a good harvest of this amazing root. Landing area should have a slope for water flow and protection from strong winds.

It is better if it is positioned so that the plants receive sunlight in the morning and evening hours. Ginseng loves soil fertile, light with good drainage.

The choice of lighting

Ginseng is shade-loving, so creating the right lighting on the site is one of the main conditions for the successful development of the plant. 25% of sunshine is considered sufficient., and you can get this shading using wooden shields.

They are made of rails up to 10 cm wide, the distance between which should be 3 cm. Shields are installed sloping over the beds at a height of 2 m with a slope to the south. With age, ginseng needs more light, so you need to carefully monitor that the plant does not stretch out due to lack of light.

Garden trees can be a natural shading, as in the wild, but you only need to control the soil moisture.

Soil requirements

In figuring out how to grow ginseng in the country, it is worth noting that for the growth and development of this plant it is necessary to properly select and prepare the soil. Its composition should be close to natural, so acidity should have a neutral indicator. The main requirements for the soil: the stock of organic matter, friability, moisture and breathability. Gardeners prepare the soil for growing:

  • They take in the mixed forest the top layer of soil together with a litter from the fallen earth, in equal parts under deciduous trees and under coniferous.
  • Pour this mixture into a compost pit, add fallen leaves, sawdust, egg shells, well rotted mullein, river sand and ash.
  • During the season, this mixture is set as compost, turning and pouring to obtain a homogeneous mass.
  • Before embedding, the soil is sieved through a sieve to remove the pest larvae and watered with a 0.3% potassium permanganate solution.
For planting seeds, the thickness of the fertile layer should be 20 cm, and for seedlings to a permanent place - 30 cm. Planting of ginseng takes place two months after preparation of the bed.

Ways and rules of planting medicinal plants

The most successful period for planting this wonderful plant is the middle of autumn. Preparing ginseng for planting and further care is a long process. The procedure is divided into two stages: sowing seeds to obtain seedlings and planting them in a permanent habitat.

Sowing seeds:

  • at a distance of 15 cm, grooves are made, a depth of 3 cm,
  • seeds are laid in the furrows with a gap of 2 cm between them,
  • landing mulch sawdust or pine needles.
In freshly harvested seeds, seedlings appear after two years, since for full development they pass a two-year germination period, which is 90%. As a result, the plants are healthy and less prone to disease.

In order for the shoots to appear in the first year, it is necessary to carry out seed stratification at home. After this operation, plantings will appear in four months, but the germination rate is already 70%.

Transplanting:

  • before planting, it is advisable to sustain sprouts for 7 minutes in a half-percent solution of potassium permanganate,
  • then rinse with clean water and land in the ground,
  • observing an interval of 30 cm, the seedlings are planted under an inclination, almost horizontally, deepening the apical bud by 5 cm.
Ginseng will begin to bear fruit at the age of three. A spring planting of seedlings is possible, it is better to hold it in April, but the planting material is prepared in the fall and stored prikopanim in the ground.

Care rules

Asking about how to grow good and healthy ginseng at home, you should also follow the rules of caring for this truly unique plant. These rules are very simple:

  • air humidity does not exceed 80%, and soil moisture 70%,
  • watering is carried out as necessary with the addition of 0.5% potassium permanganate,
  • In the first year of a plant’s life, weeding is done only by hand with obligatory mulching,
  • in August, when the fruits ripen, they need sunlight daily in the morning and evening hours.

Watering and soil care

Watering should be carried out no more than twice a week. The water rate depends on the weather and climate, but not more than 9 liters per square square.

In the autumn, after harvesting, the beds are covered with 2 cm of biohumus. It saves the buds and roots from cold damage and serves as a good nutritional supplement. In the spring and autumn, wood ash is also added, adding 200 g of this fertilizer per square square.

Diseases and pests of ginseng

Wonder root, which grows in the wild, is not subject to any diseases, as it grows in small groups. For the successful cultivation of ginseng beds at home The main role in the fight against pests and diseases is assigned to agricultural technology:

  • high-quality soil and well rotted organic matter,
  • healthy planting and seed treatment,
  • correct drainage of ridges and discharge of excess water,
  • the content of the ridges in a clean and loose form,
  • isolation of plantings from vegetable crops.
The plantings of this plant are prone to diseases that affect vegetables. The most common disease is anthracnosis, which arises from prolonged exposure to direct sunlight. At the same time large brown spots are formed on the leaves, with time they dry up. This disease has the peculiarity of switching to other plants, affecting large areas. Prevention - bushes are treated with Bordeaux mixture.

Another of the most dangerous diseases is fusarium, which causes wilting of seedlings. The causative agent is located deep in the soil; it is very difficult to fight this scourge. Ginseng beds should be located away from places where gladioli, cucumbers and other plants grow. To prevent this disease, it is necessary to spray once a month with a half-percent solution of potassium permanganate per liter per two squares of area.

Mature plants suffer from dry rot, they have a wilted appearance, and the root becomes gray-dirty color. Prevention consists in processing two percent solution of hydrated lime at the rate of a liter per twenty squares of area.

Dangerous pests are wireworms and caps. The main methods of dealing with them - the collection and destruction.

Few of the beneficial properties

Due to the large number of beneficial properties of the plant is almost a panacea for all diseases. Root properties:

  • strengthens the body, being immunomoduliruyuschim,
  • It has a positive effect on the nervous system, helps with stress and at the same time suppresses apathy,
  • strengthens the heart and blood vessels, regulates blood pressure,
  • able to stop the growth of cancer cells, this is proven by medical research,
  • this miracle root is useful for men, restoring male power, and for women it serves as a means of restoring hormonal background,
  • It has a beneficial effect on memory, brain activity and restores blood well,
  • Ginseng preparations have been used in cosmetology for treating skin and hair.

WHERE DOES GIFT LIVE?

The natural range of ginseng growth covers the countries of Asia, Russian Primorye and North America. The plant is a bush up to 70 cm with oblong leaves, pointed at the ends. From the age of 3, ginseng begins to bloom with small white-green "asterisks" gathered in umbrella inflorescences. Its fruits are small red berries with 1-2 seeds inside. Root ginseng root, branching, with a diameter of 2.5 cm, length up to 25 cm, milky color.

For therapeutic purposes, suitable roots 4-6 years and older. They are used in medicine as a powerful tonic, increasing efficiency, prolonging youth and healing from a variety of diseases means.

PREPARATION OF THE ROCK FOR GINSING

Having learned that the climate in the European part of Russia is quite suitable for ginseng, I decided to plant it in the garden. Seedlings - 2-year-old roots of seaside (Ussuri) ginseng - purchased in the nursery. The soil, as I was advised by experienced gardeners, took in the forest. One part - under deciduous trees, the other (in the same volume) - under conifers.

He also mixed in it the same amount of dung humus and 1/6 part of wood ash, sand and peat. The beds are located from west to east. First laid a layer of drainage (20 cm) of gravel. Then a layer of fertile substrate (30 cm), watering it with a solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per 10 l). The edges of the beds fortified boards.

Since ginseng does not tolerate direct sunlight, I built an inclined (from north to south) canopy over a garden bed with a 1.5 cm cross-bar, nailed at intervals of 2 cm. From the southern, western and eastern sides, I installed rack shields.

SPRING OR AUTUMN?

Planting ginseng is recommended to engage in early spring or late autumn. I planted the roots in April at a distance of 35-40 cm from each other, deepening the apical buds by 4-6 cm. After 2 years I collected the first seeds from my plants and the next year I sowed them. Now I have a mini ginseng plantation.

In general, fresh seeds of this crop sprout only after 21 months. But if you spend stratification, then shoots will appear after 8 months. For this, seeds should be placed for 5-10 minutes. в раствор марганцовки (1 г на 2 л), после чего промыть, подсушить, смешать с чистым песком и держать 4 месяца в тепле (15-25°), периодически увлажняя. Потом постепенно снизить температуру до 0-3° и держать семечки еще 3,5-4 месяца. При посеве втыкать их в грунт «носиками» вниз, заглубляя на 3-5 см. на расстоянии 2-5 см друг от друга. Между рядками оставлять до 15 см.

С ЧЕСНОКОМ И КАЛЕНДУЛОЙ

Shoots of ginseng must be protected from frost below 0 °, covering them with non-woven material. Care is the regular watering of plantings, removal of weeds, loosening the soil, mulching the needles with needles.

For the winter, it is necessary to warm the ginseng with 5 cm of foliar leaves. From diseases and pests in early spring and late autumn, treat the plants with a solution of Bordeaux liquids (1-2%). At the beginning and in the middle of May and also in the middle of June it is necessary to spray them with a solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per 10 liters).

I myself add potassium permanganate even in irrigation water (1 g per 100 l). And in order to scare away mice, moles, Maybirds, aphids, wireworms, slugs from ginseng, plant beds with black roots, calendula, wormwood, garlic.

HARVESTING

Digging up the roots in October. A fortnight before that, I stop watering ginseng. The entire crop is washed with a brush under the tap from a hose. Then I dry the roots, wrap them in plastic wrap and keep them in the fridge for up to 3 months. I shift part of the roots with moss and send it to the basement. There they lie, without losing their properties, up to a year.

Dried roots are stored for up to 5 years. But for this they need to be treated in a special way. Large roots (over 30 g) cut into plates of 5-7 mm. Then put everything in a double boiler and keep in it for 1 hour at a temperature of 80-100 ″.

Then dry the day in the oven at a temperature not higher than 60 ″ and dry it for another 2 weeks at room temperature.

© Author: Alexey SMIRNOV, Nizhny Novgorod

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