Gomfrena - this is a beautiful herb from the family of Amaranths, which includes 100 species in its genus. The real origin of the flower has not been established so far. But there is an assumption that it came to us from Australia, eastern India or the tropics of South America.
Gomfrena conquers its indescribable beauty. This plant is used as a decorative ornament. Gardeners plant it in their beds in open sunny areas. The plant loves warmth and large spaces for growth.
Gomfrena happens both long-term, and one-year. But flower growers prefer one-year varieties. The reason is that Gomfrena does not tolerate the winter season.
Varieties and types
There are many species of this plant, so it is not easy to find the right varieties for your garden plot. Each of them is unique and beautiful in its own way. And this is good because the variety of flowers makes the garden unique.
Spherical gomphrena It has several shades: cream, orange, purple, red and white. When the plant blooms greens, covered with bright balls on short petioles. Most often sell a mixture of colors, thanks to this flower garden will create a "firework" of flowers. The plant is 35 cm high, but there are also dwarf varieties.
Low-grown varieties of Globular Gomphrenes:
- «Baddy rosea"(Light pink),
- «Pixie mix"(White and cream and lilac-pink).
Dwarf varieties are annuals. Their stems grow to 15 cm. The buds have an elongated oval shape with a diameter of up to 3-4 cm. They are well tolerated in dry periods of summer. Florists plant stunted varieties in combination with other flies.
Gomphrena purple This species has balls of purple color, which are clearly visible against the background of green leaves. Stems reach no more than 30 cm in height. Plant the plant in the spring when the earth is completely thawed. This flower creates a silky carpet that resembles a glade with strawberries. Light pink beauty looks good and in a pot.
Gomfrena strawberry The name of the plant was due to the red buds, like strawberries. Stems of flowers can grow up to 50 cm. This type of Gomphrena prefers sunny areas with loose soil. The plant pleases with its flowering from June to October.
The peculiarity of the plant are clove-like flowers with elongated leaves. Stems with green foliage crawl or scatter over the area. The motley and golden-orange buds look harmoniously against the background of such a carpet.
The plant is also planted in hanging pots to get a beautiful "waterfall" of flowers. Gomfrena scattered loves the sun, so you need to choose an open landing site, then her flowers will grow big and lush.
One of the most popular varieties of this plant is "Pink pinheads". Her buds are painted in a bright pink shade and attract particular attention. Flowers retain their juicy color after drying. Therefore, they often create decorative compositions or crafts.
Gomfrena Haage (golden-flowered) the plant grows up to 30-40 cm. It has elongated leaves and large inflorescences. This view, like the others, loves sunny places in the garden. Prefers loose soil (you can mix the earth with sand or clay). It does not require special irrigation, therefore there are no difficulties in breeding it.
Dwarf gomphrena This plant corresponds to its name, as it has a height of not more than 15 cm. Flower growers called it “Dwarf". The flowers of this plant have carmine, white and pink shades. Spherical inflorescences on short legs well decorate any garden. This type is often planted in pots or make a living curb.
Gomphrena growing from seed
This plant is one of the amazing representatives of the flora. He has a very long and abundant flowering. Buds remain bright almost until frost. In order for it to bloom well and decorate the garden plot, you need to be able to properly care for it.
It is impossible to sow in an open ground - shoots can not be. And if several plants germinate, they will not have time to show all their beauty, since Gomfrena has a long period of ripening. Seeds are planted in pre-prepared soil (February or early March).
Take the glass jar. Pour into it the seeds and fill them with warm water. Repeat this process for three days, stirring occasionally.
After three days, drain the seeds and rinse. Reassemble them in a jar, close and refrigerate. There they should be at least a week.
Preparing the seedling cassette
Take the prepared soil and fill in the seedling cassettes. The soil under the seeds should not be loose. Therefore, stamp it with your finger in each cell. Pour some more earth to the brim and push it again - you will have holes. Then take the water and pour the cells. After this, your cassette is ready for sowing.
Important! Water the soil only before planting the seeds! The fact is that the water you pour into the cells will be enough.
Take the cold seeds from the jar and place in the pits of each cell. You can plant one or two grains. If both germinate, they will still feel comfortable. Then pour seeds with soil and press down a little.
Take a piece of cellophane and cover the cassette. Then put the seeds sown in a bright and very warm place. This may be a stove or heating pipes. Pre-enclose the cloth so that the cassette does not stand right on the hot.
Shoots will begin in three days. Then remove the film and take the seedlings from the direct rays of the sun.
Important! In order for the seeds to germinate, you need a high temperature (30-40 degrees). And then the shoots will be fast and massive.
Try to water always on time, but do not fill the seedlings with water. Excess moisture will trigger a fungal disease called “black leg”. Recognizing it is very simple - the plant stems become sluggish and black.
Young seedlings do not tolerate this disease. To eliminate it, loosen the soil, pour a thin layer of ash and for a while stop watering the affected seedlings.
Gomfrena planting and care in the open field
Soil for Gomphrena fit any - in this regard, the plant unpretentious. The main thing is to find a well-lit place in your garden. Dig this site. Make a hole in the ground shallow depth. The distance between the holes for tall species - 30 cm, and for undersized - 20 cm.
Important! Saplings Gomfrena do not like any organic fertilizers, for example, manure or compost.
Carefully remove the seedlings from the cassette. If the seedlings are visible clots of roots, cut them off. Then, going to the garden, transplant the seedlings into the holes and cover them with soil. After landing, pour water.
Since Gomfrena has a closed root system, it will quickly take over. Seedlings transplant in open ground in late May or early June.
Celosia is also a member of the Amarante family, grown on planting and caring in open ground. It has a decorative bloom with very colorful and diverse palettes, which will be a boon when decorating a garden plot or landscape design. All the necessary recommendations for the cultivation and care of this plant can be found in this article.
Top dressing Gomfreny
Feed seedlings two days after transplanting. As a top dressing, use a mixture of different minerals (potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen).
Make an aqueous solution of these fertilizers, loosen the soil and pour. You need to feed the plants twice before flowering.
Important! An excess of mineral fertilizers is the reason for the lack of flowers. Instead of lush and bright buds, you can grow only a carpet of green foliage.
Gomfrena does not like constantly wet or dry soil. Therefore, we need a moderate, but regular watering especially in hot weather.
After the onset of autumn, you can stop moistening the soil. But if at this time of year there was no rain for a long time, then the plants need to be watered sometimes.
Gomphrena is a beautiful plant. It blooms very long, maintaining the freshness and brightness of colors.
The long vegetative period of this plant allows flower growers to enjoy the beauty of multi-colored buds from the beginning of summer to the end of autumn.
To properly trim Gomfren, there is no need to use shears or scissors. Stems easily break off in the sinuses between the leaves. This way you can quickly collect bouquets.
Flowers can be cut at any stage of flowering, it will allow to get balls of different diameter. But the buds have the most spectacular appearance after the completion of the formation.
Seed collection gomfreny
Sowing material is collected in late August and early September. Suitable for planting seeds are in the central shoots. Cut off several large inflorescences and wrap with gauze so that the seeds do not fall out.
When the balls are dry, you can start collecting seeds. They are in the lower cells of the bud, but not in all. Dummies come across, so before harvesting you need to make sure that the cells contain a seed.
Gomphrena does not like the cold. Even perennial varieties do not tolerate the winter. To save the plants and help them survive the winter, transplant them into pots and store them in a warm place. If this is not possible, cut off the dried crown.
Then put a straw or fabric insulation on the root system and cover with a film on top. After the winter, Gomfren is released from the shelter. This should be done when the snow melts and the earth dries out.
Gomfrena reproduces only seeds, as it is an annual plant. Sowing material can be bought at a flower shop or collected by yourself after the plant has faded.
Seeds need to be sown in the prepared soil. Sowing time - the beginning of spring (March or April). In the open ground seedlings are planted, when the weather will become steadily warm.
Diseases and pests
Gomfrena relatively resistant to various pests and diseases. Very rarely can seedlings be attacked. aphid. But if such a pest has appeared, then you can try to defeat it with the help of a solution made from soap or ash. This tool must be sprayed onto the plants. If the solution does not help, then you need to treat the plant with insecticide.
Sometimes Gomfren damages cercosporiosis. The signs of this disease are spots on the leaves and severe deformation of the plant. In this case, it must be treated with fungicidal agents.
Another enemy of the plant is fungal formations on the stems. The cause of the fungus becomes excessive soil moisture. There is no effective cure for this disease. Therefore, to save the rest of the bushes, you need to pull out the infected plant.
Gomfrena medicinal properties
Gomfrena is not only a beautiful decorative flower. It also has healing properties. Flowers Gomfreny used in folk medicine in many countries.
Broth inflorescences help in the treatment of tuberculosis, acute and chronic bronchitis, strong cough. And also it is used to strengthen the immune system for long-term diseases.
Gomphrena cooking recipes
Gomfrena can be made from inflorescences decoction or flower tea. These drinks restore strength, energize vitamins, purify blood and liver, remove dangerous toxins from the body. They are useful for giving to people who have undergone severe surgery or illness.
Broth: 2 tablespoons of dried flowers pour boiling water (300-400 ml) and leave for 7-10 minutes. You can drink during the day, both warm and cold. This drink has a light sweet taste.
Flower tea: Add 1 tablespoon of dried flowers to green or black tea and pour boiling water (300 ml). Drink as usual tea 2-3 times a day.
Gomfrena unpretentious plant, but to grow it, you need to make some effort. Practice by following the tips, and you will be able to grow and propagate this flower. And he will definitely thank for decorating your garden with a beautiful carpet of colored balls.
How to care for gomfrenoy.
Planting gomfreny and care for her will not require from you any special skills or training. The plant gomfren unpretentious, and will need a minimum of attention and a very modest effort in order to keep it in optimal shape. You will need to water the homophrenic, loosen the soil around it, weed the weeds, feed it and trim it slightly so that the bushes have a neat outline. By the way, homfrena is attractive when cut, and the more often you cut it for bouquets, the more it will bloom and the thicker it will grow.
Watering and feeding gomfreny.
In irrigation, gomfrena needs only dry weather, and soil moisture should be moderate: the plant will calmly react to the fact that you forget to water it, but excessive or too frequent watering can cause the development of fungal disease, especially in conditions of low air temperature. In a season with a normal amount of precipitation, homophrenia is not watered at all, but the next day after the rain it is advisable to loosen the soil around the bushes and remove weeds.
Top dressing on the site with homphrenic also needs to be done with caution, since excess nutrition, especially nitrogen, can provoke a violent growth of green mass, but you can not wait for flowering.
01/15/2018 admin Comments No comments
The genus gomfrena (family amaranth) has 90 species. They grow mainly in India, in the wild the plant is also distributed in subtropical and tropical America. Described it and gave the name of K. Linney.
Gomfrena spherical - an annual or perennial plant belonging to the group of dried flowers. It forms a strongly branched shrub up to 70 cm in height. The leaves are located on short petioles, elongated-elliptic, glaucous from the pubescence. Flowers of white, pink and purple color are collected in elongated-oval capitate inflorescences up to 3-4 cm in diameter, located at the ends of the stems and side shoots.
Planting and care
Seeds ripen well only in the south, in the middle lane they reach maturity on the main shoot and only in hot summer. Seeds of plants go on sale basically in the form of mixes.
Gomfren spherical grows well only on loose and nutritious soil, preferring warm, sunny places. The plant is drought resistant and quite hardy. In the cold and rainy summer, it can suffer from excess moisture, lack of heat and light, so getting lush flowering in these conditions is very problematic.
Propagated homophrenic globular - seeds. They are sown in a container in March, shoots appear after two weeks. The soil before germination should be wet. When the seedlings gain strength, they are seated. Transplant seedlings are well tolerated. Young plants are planted in a permanent place in the first decade of June, when the threat of frost has passed. The distance between them is kept within 15-25 cm.
Feed gomfrenu spherical complex mineral fertilizer, which includes trace elements. Top dressing is carried out only at the stage of growing seedlings and during the landing on a permanent place. An excess of mineral or organic fertilizers can lead to the fact that gomfrena does not bloom.
Place the plant in flower beds, rabatkah, in rock gardens. It is also suitable as a curb culture (especially undersized varieties). Homfrena blooms from June to September for about 100 days. For the duration and strength of flowering, it is considered one of the best annual flower crops.
You can grow homfren and as a pot plant. There are low-growing varieties (up to 15 cm high). It should be borne in mind that in home conditions the plant needs to provide good lighting and regular watering. Feeding is carried out more often, but with weak solutions of mineral fertilizers. After flowering, plants are thrown away.
Very spectacular homophrenic globular in winter bouquets, as its dry inflorescences retain their color and shape well. For winter bouquets, shoots are cut at a time when the inflorescences reach their maximum size, and their lower scales have not yet begun to grow brown. Dried plants in bunches in a dry ventilated room with inflorescences down.
How to plant and grow a flower homfren
Homeland gomfrena Hage - Mexico. This is a perennial plant with a height of about 30 cm. We grow it as an annual. The leaves are elongated, the inflorescences are orange-golden, larger than those of the globular gomfrenes, but the flowering is less abundant.
In homphrenes scattered in contrast to the described species, the creeping stems. They literally scatter in different directions: one plant can cover an area of 1 square. m. The most popular variety is Pink Pinheads with bright pink bracts. Scattered gomphrene is also used in winter bouquets. It looks very impressive plant in hanging baskets and pots, which are placed in protected places. Gomfrena scattered - a native of the American tropics, therefore, can not stand the wind, cold and especially frost.
Gomfrena refers to annual plants, often used as a dried flower. The genus includes about 90 species, but in the culture of the most common, globular, scattered.
The flowers are small, collected in spherical inflorescences with a diameter of up to 4 cm. The flowers are purple, purple, red, white or yellow color. Цветение гомфрены начинается в июне и продолжается до осенних заморозков.The height reaches about 20-40 cm. The plant is used in traditional medicine, because it has healing properties. For drying and subsequent use in winter bouquets, flower stalks are cut before the lower scales begin to turn brown.
Growing homophrenic globular
The most suitable are well-drained and fertile soils. The plant provide moderate watering, but only on hot days. Homfrena does not need additional feedings, but mineral fertilizers are allowed during the period of active growth. Organic fertilizers are applied a year (or more) before planting, because excess fertilizer can go to the detriment of flowering.
Perhaps growing in pots. In this case, for cultivation use a substrate from a mixture of leaf and sod land, peat and sand. Complex mineral fertilizers are applied in June and July, once every two weeks. Water moderately, but regularly. After flowering the plant is thrown away.
On the photo the creation looks very unusual. It feels like someone picked up bright colors and painted dandelions with a brush. And most importantly, he creatively approached this case and used paints of different colors. In fact, of course, these flowers are a little like dandelions, rather they are more like clover, but only larger in size.
The shape of the flower, similar to a ball, and determined its name - spherical.
In the photo you can see long stalks, on the tips of which there are a pair of green leaves, which, like in the palm of their hands, hold a colored fluffy ball. But these leaves are rather difficult to see, as they are in the surface layer on short petioles. Gomfreny - low (up to 30 cm) herbaceous annual plants representing the amaranth family. The color of the flowers and the shape of the leaves varies depending on the variety. Currently, the most popular are the following: globoza (gomphrena globosa), purple. No less known are the scattered, gomphrena haageana.
Of these, the most interesting for flower growers is scattered. This view is thermophilic. If there is no support, then it can branch and crawl.
Unfading charmer - the flower "Gomphrena Spherical": growing from seeds and photos
They say that one copy is capable of capturing a whole square meter. This property allows you to place charmer in hanging pots, where they curl beautifully, going down.
It is also often found in the gardens of Hage, which is thermophilic, has a stem height of 30 cm and an orange-red color. Because of this, many choose it.
No less popular and interesting among amateur florists is purple, the tallest of this family. The length of its stem reaches 70 cm, and the bright purple color persists even after drying. It blooms from July to October.
Reproduction occurs with seeds that you need to collect yourself or buy in a store. Usually in March, seeds are sown in a container with soil. Shoots appear after two weeks. After 10-12 days, they dive into separate pots or in a greenhouse.
And then, only at the end of May, they are placed on flowerbeds or in flower beds.
I will try to answer the questions that usually arise: when to plant, how to grow and care. But I will also note when to replant, how to plant and what problems may arise.
Instructions and advice recommend: planting should be carried out only on sunny places, given that their homeland is southern countries, in addition, it should be noted features of the selection of the soil, which is the preference for light, fertile. Caring for gomfrenoy not so time consuming. It’s just enough to weed the ground occasionally from weeds and loosen it. Transplantation can be done at any time. But, of course, with the aim of preserving homophrenic, it is better to do this using a dive method, so as not to damage the root system and allow you to quickly adapt to new conditions. These wonderful annuals will look great in pots or containers. And given the long period of flowering and wind resistance, they can be put on the balcony or windowsill, as an element of decoration.
Diseases and pests are not terrible, if decent care is provided. It is important to observe the temperature and water regimes on which safe growth depends.
An important place in the breeding process is watering, which must be, without fail, regular and abundant. This will allow to fully develop and achieve excellent results in its external characteristics. Dryness or excess moisture can lead to irreversible effects. Therefore, in the summer period, watering should allow the land to be kept in light humidity. In spring and autumn, water procedures can be performed only when there has been no rain for a long time.
Top dressing is another condition for successful growth. Soil fertility must be maintained by fertilizing. Amateur flower growers report that homophrenics do not like fresh organic matter. Therefore, it is best to use complex mineral fertilizers for these purposes. For better absorption they can be dissolved in water. Experts recommend feeding fertilizer for flowering plants once a week.
In order to preserve the homophrenic after flowering, it is necessary to remove it together with the root from the ground and place it in a dark, dry room. In order for the specimens to not become deformed during drying, they are best kept suspended in the form of flowers. After drying, the secateurs remove the extra leaves and parts of the stem, and the flowers neatly fold into a special container.
Pests and diseases
The plant has good resistance to pests and diseases. Occasionally, seedlings may be affected by aphids, but this insect does not touch adult plants.
If the aphid started up on the bed, an aqueous solution of ash and laundry soap will help get rid of the pest. The solution is sprayed with seedlings, after which the plant louse dies. However, such a folk remedy can help only if the aphids are still some. With a strong defeat of plants is better to use insecticide for reliability.
From diseases, the danger to gomfrena is, in the first place, cercosporiosis. Symptoms of the disease are spots on the leaves and their profound deformation. This disease occurs due to excessive moisture.
Fight against cercospori by spraying plants with suitable antifungal fungicides. In this case, the affected plants must be pulled out of the ground and burned in order to stop further spread of the infection.
Seeds do not germinate well
The problem occurs when too early placement of seeds in open ground. Do not forget that gomfrena - a southern plant, and in cold conditions may well not ascend ever. A young seedlings can destroy even a single return frost.
To avoid this problem, plant the plant only when it has already established a steady heat outside, and the night frosts have stopped in principle.
Poor growth, slow plant development
This happens usually due to lack of moisture. And although the plant is able to endure dry periods, if the gomfren does not water for a long time in the heat, this fact will have a negative effect on the plant.
Exactly the same problem may arise due to the overmoistening of the plant. Neither excessive dryness nor overflow is suitable for Gomfrené - it is important to find a middle ground.
So, we met homfrene - an unpretentious flower, capable of pleasing the eye on the site for a long time. Growing a gomfrenu is not so difficult, and the plant does not require too careful care. Our tips will help you plant the plant and achieve its long, lush flowering.
Gomfrena belongs to the amaranth family, is an annual or perennial plant, depending on the species.
It is a collection of grasses with a straight, strongly branching stem, on which green petioled leaves are located oval-shaped.
Bush height usually about 50 cm Flowers are located singly at the end of each individual shoot, outwardly they resemble clover flowers: spherical, consisting of small petals. Head diameter - about 4 cm, the flower has 5 stamens.
Bud color may vary depending on the variety, ranging from purple and red to white and yellow. Fetus - seed.
Flowering period It begins in summer, in the beginning of July, and lasts until the first night frosts appear.
Types of gomfreny
The relative of amaranth has about 90 species. Of course, in our latitudes they are found in a very limited quantity due to climatic features, therefore, we consider the most popular ones.
- Gomphrena globosa, or globose. This is the most common type of culture, the classic representative of the family, its characteristics are described above.
- Scattered gomfrena so called because its stems have a special creep and are able to grow powerfully in width. Good for growing in pots, from which the stems will hang down. It has elongated leaves and motley small flowers.
- Golden-flowered, or hage. This is a Mexican variety of a flower, the bush is usually small, up to 30 cm. It is characterized by large bright red buds and a lower flowering intensity compared with Gomphrena globosa. The plant of this species is very demanding to heat, so in our area it blooms only in summer.
- Dwarf, or gomfrena "Dwarf." It got its name because of its small size - the height of the stems does not exceed 15 cm. It blooms with spherical inflorescences located on short legs, so the flower can often be found as a frame for the borders of garden paths.
- Purple - is a plant with stems of medium length, about 30 cm, with flowers in the form of balls of saturated purple tone. Leaves are dark green, large. When growing, it visually resembles a carpet dotted with red berries.
Use in landscape design
The variety of varieties allows the use of homophrenic in almost any flower arrangement, and not only in the conditions of a home garden, but also in urban flower beds and parks.
- Low-growing varieties of plants will be an excellent decoration for rock gardens, giving them a natural look. In combination with asters such species emphasize the geometry of rabatok and other beds. The unique ability to grow in a thick blanket makes gomfren ideal for landscaping curbs around paths.
- Flower species with tall stems are perfectly combined with other bushes in rock arias. Mixborders and ordinary flower gardens also benefit from the presence of gomfreny due to its long flowering and preservation of the appearance even with the onset of autumn.
- Void between the compositions in landscape design perfectly fill creeping scattered or dwarf homfrena.
The uniqueness of the plant lies in the fact that it not only perfectly adorns the garden beds, but also looks great in pots in the home interior.
Soil and fertilizer
Gomfrena likes light, loose, not rich soil of neutral acidity, which must be well drained. Suitable mixed soil of turf, sand, peat. Feed is needed twice: the first time - in the process of growing seedlings, the second - after planting in open ground.
Watering and moisture
Culture does not like excessive moisture, it is quite drought-resistant and excess watering can only harm. In hot weather, the plant should be watered moderately, but regularly as the soil dries. In the cool time with the beginning of autumn, you can stop watering - the flower will have enough natural moisture.
Relation to temperature
Gomfrena loves warmly, so it is quite difficult for her to survive in the middle lane. The most favorable time for a plant is from June to the beginning of autumn. But low temperatures can be disastrous for a delicate flower.
Winter cold can not tolerate even perennial species.
Due to the high sensitivity to frost, it is recommended to repot the bushes in flowerpots and clean the premises until spring.
If this is not possible, it is necessary to cut off dried stems and flowers, protect the roots with dry leaves or straw and cover with a greenhouse film before the end of the cold weather.
Diseases, pests and prevention
Oddly enough, a fragile flower is practically not susceptible to diseases and is rarely affected by pests, which is its uniqueness.
However, there are still several threatening factors that need to be considered:
- Aphid invasion. This parasite is able to destroy all the vegetation in the country, including homfren. Therefore, in order to prevent the appearance of aphids, it is necessary to treat the bushes with a special insecticide product of industrial production.
- Fungus root system. Such a disease can affect any plant, and especially sensitive to moisture homophrenic. To avoid root decay, it is necessary to observe a strict irrigation regime and loosen the soil well after it.
So, homophrenic spherical - bright plant, completely unpretentious in the care. She is able to bloom for a long time and very beautifully both at home and in the open field. It is enough to give the flower quite a bit of attention, and it will long delight you with its appearance.