An ostrich egg, regardless of the purpose for which it is used, requires careful handling. From the moment the egg is laid to the end of its use (chickens, cooked food, souvenir), this valuable product passes through a series of manipulations, which primarily include storage.
Improperly organized egg storage will lead to low incubation rates, which will certainly affect the final result. Storing hatching ostrich eggs is one of the key points of well-organized production, and it needs to pay special attention.
Method and mode of egg collection
"Kach only the egg was demolished, it must immediately pick up."
This “golden rule” should be the key to the success of every farmer who breeds ostriches. The longer the egg is left unattended by the farmer, the worse its quality and suitability for incubation. This is especially true of the warm season.
A farmer must remember that collecting laid eggs is required constantly and as quickly as possible, since this stimulates the continuation of egg-laying, as if forcing the female to recover the lost. Best of all, if the bird does not notice at all that a person has invaded its territory and collects eggs. This is a stressful situation for both females and males.
To collect eggs, you should choose the moment when the bird is distracted from its nest. In no case can not drive it away. It is better to wait a moment when a couple of ostriches will be busy with themselves, and quietly get into the pen.
Impact of improper storage conditions on egg condition
A farmer should not forget that, under the influence of direct sunlight and an increase in air temperature, the following processes that are detrimental to the germ can occur:
embryo cell division begins before the start of incubation (natural or artificial), which reduces the quality of the incubated egg, and staying under direct sunlight can lead to the embryo rather quickly,
if the egg is left in conditions of low temperature and high humidity, then the possibility of the development of pathogenic microorganisms on its surface increases, which leads to infection of the embryo and its subsequent death.
In addition, an egg left in a nest can attract the attention of predators and thieves.
Precautions when transporting eggs
If transportation of eggs is to be carried out, then the following recommendations should be followed:
pick up the egg, wipe it first with a dry cloth,
put the eggs in a special box or trunk of the car, carefully wrapping them in soft packaging rubber, foam or cotton,
The “blunt” end of the egg must be at the top, or if the eggs have already appeared through, they should be transported by air chambers upwards,
The cushion should be placed on a soft (anti-vibration) rubber to avoid bumps,
The lid of the box should be painted white to reflect the sun's rays, especially in the case of long transport.
It is very important to avoid contamination of the eggs. If the eggs are slightly soiled, they do not need to be cleaned, and if the degree of contamination is high, then the eggs must be cleaned. Compliance with sanitary standards reduces the risk of infection to the surface, and then inside the eggs.
Use only warm water to wash eggs. It is best to wash the eggs in running water with a temperature of + 40 "C. If you wash them in dishes, you must change the water after each egg, rinsing the dishes well with clean water.
It is advisable to add to the water any chlorine or iodine-containing sanitary agent.
Duration of washing should not exceed two to three minutes. After washing the eggs must be dried in air.
Do not use a damp cloth to wipe the eggs, as this increases the possibility of contamination.
Under no circumstances, do not use cold water, as at the internal temperature of the egg above water, the contents of the egg frowns (shrinks) and the external liquid medium with microorganisms will penetrate inside.
In no case do not start work without disinfecting the hands before contact with each egg, regardless of the stage of development of its embryo. Hands handle iodine. Although this creates certain difficulties and loss of working time, you must adhere to this rule.
When cleaning eggs, no dirt can be scraped off the surface, since this increases the possibility of microorganisms penetrating through the damaged outer layer of the shell.
Clean the eggs before storing them, but if their degree of contamination is low, then there is no need to clean them.
Humidity and room temperature
The existing information sources contain little data on the level of relative humidity recommended for storing and storing the eggs of the African ostrich before the incubation process. A well-known fact is that during incubation, it is necessary to keep a sufficiently low level of humidity in order to avoid the release of “wet” chicks (excess moisture). In this regard, it is recommended to maintain a low level of moisture during storage and storage of eggs (30-40%). It should not be forgotten that the temperature in the room for storing eggs should be between 13 ° –18 ° C.
Most farmers keep ostrich eggs in a horizontal position, but some experts practice the vertical position with a blunt end up (with an air chamber). Little information has been accumulated on this issue, so the farmer himself must choose the most efficient
When storing eggs, periodically turning them, that is, changing their position, is mandatory.
Regarding the periodicity of turning there are different opinions. For example, some believe that when storing eggs need to be rotated every 24 hours. Others believe that if the shelf life is more than 14 days, then only they need to be rotated. Probably the truth is somewhere in the middle.
As for my opinion, I adhere to the option of "airing", that is, changing the position of eggs during storage and storage every 72 hours.
Your knowledge and observations will give you the opportunity to choose for themselves the best option.
Fumigation is the processing of eggs with smoke. It should be carried out before stocking eggs.
Collection, transportation and storage of ostrich eggs
An ostrich egg, regardless of the purpose for which it is used, requires careful attention. From the moment the female lays the eggs to the final moment of its use (laying it out for incubation, incubator, cooking food, souvenir), you must follow certain rules for collecting, transporting and storing eggs.
One of the most important concerns of the ostrich is the collection of eggs laid. The smaller the egg lay in the nest, the better its quality and the more suitable it is for incubation. It is necessary to collect eggs constantly and as soon as possible even for the reason that it stimulates the continuation of egg-laying, as if forcing the female to recover the lost.
Gathering eggs should be carefully, without attracting the attention of the bird, in any case not to drive away the ostriches from the nest. It is better to wait for the moment when a pair of ostriches will take care of themselves and move away from the nest.
An egg left for a long time in a nest is endangered both by the development of pathogens on its surface and by the premature division of the embryo until the start of incubation (natural or artificial), and exposure to direct sunlight can cause the embryo to die quickly.
Transportation of eggs should be made according to this scheme. After picking up the egg, wipe it with a dry cloth, put it in a special box with a blunt end up, wrapping it with soft packing rubber, foam or cotton, the box should be placed on a soft (anti-vibration) rubber to avoid bumps and shaking; should be painted white to reflect the sun's rays.
Strongly polluted eggs before storage should be washed with warm water (+40 ° C), adding to the water any chlorine or iodine-containing agent. Washing time - no more than 3 minutes, then the egg must be dried in air.
You can not wash the eggs with cold water (the contents of the egg shrinks and water enters the egg). Hands should be sanitized before washing eggs. When cleaning eggs, do not scrape dirt from the surface.
The optimal shelf life of eggs before incubation is 1 week, but not more than 10 days at a temperature of 15-18 ° C, relative humidity - 40%. During storage, eggs are periodically turned (maximum - 1 time per day, minimum - 1 time per shelf life). Some ostriches keep storing their ostrich eggs with a blunt end, some putting it on one side. You can store the eggs in the refrigerator (with a given temperature and humidity) or in a thermos with ice packs.
Before laying eggs in the incubator, they must be disinfected by spraying formaldehyde or hydrogen peroxide.
How to buy high-quality ostrich eggs
Before buying this product, you must ensure that it is fresh. Criteria to rely on when buying:
- Shell color. The color is due to the breed and feathering of the bird, and therefore it can be white, beige, yellowish or greenish,
- The size. The average weight is 1.5 kg. However, there may be significant deviations in either direction,
REFERENCE: The color and size of the product does not affect the quality,
- Factors indicating a lack of freshness are weight loss, liquid evaporation, and an increase in airbag.
Photo: if you compare what looks like ostrich eggs in comparison with chicken
IMPORTANT: To check the quality, an ostrich egg needs to be picked up and a little shaken - there should be no gurgling sounds.
There is another check for the freshness of the product - it is immersed in a concentrated brine. In case of freshness, the egg will sink to the bottom. It is also worth refusing to buy specimens with traces of litter or other contaminants with damaged shells.
This product is quite difficult to purchase in supermarkets, it can be ordered on specialized farms. For sale ostrich eggs are packaged in individual carton. It should be in clear and large letters marking the expiration date and the date of receipt of the product.
ATTENTION: Females of ostriches are productive from April to November, and it is possible to store ostrich eggs in the refrigerator for no more than three months. Therefore, the acquisition of high-quality fresh copies in the winter or early spring is impossible, most likely they will be spoiled.
Optimum storage conditions for ostrich eggs
Eggs with strong contamination before storage should be washed in warm water (+40 ° C), with the addition of some chlorine or iodine-containing agents. Wash for three minutes, then dry well in air. ATTENTION: It is not recommended to wash the eggs in cold water, because the content of the egg shrinks and water penetrates into the egg. Disinfect hands before washing eggs. The copy acquired in the store during storage in the refrigerator should not be removed from the packaging.
How to save ostrich egg shell
The uniqueness of the ostrich egg lies in its incredibly strong shell. Because of its durability and beauty, many compare it with porcelain. Graceful caskets with a complex thread and interesting painting are made of ostrich shells.
REFERENCE: To save the shell as much as possible whole, it is necessary to break it very carefully. Using a sharp tool (you can use a chisel) make a small hole and pour the contents through it.
The popularity of ostrich eggs is growing, despite their rather high cost. Most surprise their guests with exotic dishes made from a gigantic product. It is indispensable during the Easter holidays and other family celebrations. In addition, this product is useful, nutritious and unusually looks on the table.
When can I take eggs from ostriches?
Ostrich eggs are recommended to be taken from the nest almost immediately after it has been torn down. Therefore, it is very important to check the nests as often as possible. Moreover, frequent collection of eggs stimulates the female ostrich to continue laying, thus it compensates for the lost.
However, it is necessary to take into account the fact that in no case can you collect while the female is in the nest. This can traumatize the bird on a psychological level, it is better to wait until it leaves the nest and start collecting without attracting the attention of the bird.
The egg, left in the nest for a long time, is at risk of developing pathogenic bacteria on the surface of the shell, as well as diseases of the embryo. In addition, if the clutch is left in direct sunlight, it can lead to the death of the embryo.
To correctly collect eggs from the nest, you must adhere to the following rules:
- Care must be taken to distract the birds while the eggs are being collected.
- The collector must wash his hands with warm water and disinfectant soap before starting work.
- Folded copies should be put in a special basket or container.
- In the process you can not do with the eggs sharp manipulations, shake them.
- After collection, each copy is required to be rinsed, dried and inspected.
Processing and disinfection before storage
It is important that the eggs are clean, if the degree of contamination is high, then the product must be cleaned. And here, too, is to follow some rules:
- Processing eggs produced before storage.
- Before the procedure, the hands are disinfected with iodine, as well as before contact with each individual specimen.
- For washing use warm water, its temperature should be at least 40 ° C. In no case do not use cold water, because if the temperature of the contents of the egg is higher than the external liquid medium, then it begins to frown. What is the prerequisite for the penetration of microorganisms into the product.
- If the procedure is carried out in a dish, but not under a flowing stream, after each specimen the water is changed, and the container is well washed out.
- Chlorine or iodine-containing sanitary agent is added to the water.
- In the process of washing do not use a rag, as this increases the degree of contamination.
- Contaminants do not scrape off the surface, as this can damage the outer layer of the shell and lead to the penetration of microorganisms.
- The duration of the procedure is 2-3 minutes.
- After washing, clean copies are laid out on natural fabric and left to dry completely.
Observance of sanitary standards when keeping birds minimizes the risk of infection on the surface of the egg, as well as its penetration.
Egg position and turning
Regarding the position of eggs during storage, experts did not come to a common opinion. Some are in favor of keeping ostrich eggs strictly in a horizontal position, and some in an upright, with a blunt end up. Farmers empirically find a way that seems more effective to them.
You can also flip eggs at different intervals, depending on the storage time. So, if the product is stored for several days, then it can be turned over every day, if the storage period is about 10 days, you can reduce the turn-over intensity to 1 time in 3 days.
At room temperature, the egg can persist for up to 30 days if the shell is not damaged.
In the refrigerator at temperatures from +2 to -2 C ° and relative humidity from 85 to 88%, the shelf life increases significantly - up to 5-7 months.
The egg storage time before incubation is 1 week, pre-incubation storage is allowed for 10 days, but only at a temperature of 15-18 ° С, relative humidity - 40%.
How to transport an ostrich egg?
In order to ensure the safe transportation of ostrich eggs, you must adhere to the following recommendations:
- Pick up a special box, wipe it with a dry cloth.
- Each egg is wrapped with packaging rubber, cotton or rubberized packaging material.
- Lay a blunt end up.
- The box is placed on anti-vibration rubber to avoid bumps while driving.
- The lid of the box is painted white, especially if it has to be transported for a long time, to reflect the sun's rays.
Should I label an egg?
Farmers who are serious about breeding ostriches know that bird eggs must be labeled to know exactly when the product was harvested.
Marking eggs produce a simple pencil. On the shell of each specimen, on the sharp end, mark the date of collection and section number. The same information under the serial number recorded in a special journal.
So, the collection and storage of ostrich eggs is a painstaking process that requires certain knowledge, skills and an integrated approach. Only if all the requirements are met, it will be possible to save the valuable product.