Capricious, but very beautiful plant. Only experienced flower growers are at risk of growing it. For flowering and full development of the flower you need to create ideal conditions. What should be the care of the escinanthus at home to tame this wayward plant?
Features and appearance
The habitat is the forests of south-eastern Asia. Epiphyte - in nature clings to tree roots, bark, snags, stones. Stems creeping, up to half a meter in length, covered with small fibers. The leaves are thick, contain a supply of moisture in case of drought. On the surface of the leaves - a wax coating that prevents the evaporation of moisture. Color usually monophonic - green color of different intensity. Less common are variegated varieties in combination with green and red.
As an indoor plant, Esquinanthus requires housing conditions close to the natural habitat. Grown as an ampelous culture. In the summer at the ends of the shoots bloom red or red-orange flowers, collected in the brush. Each flower is covered with a purple-brown bract. The flowers themselves are tubular with a protruding pestle, long stamens of different colors. Brushes of flowers have an interesting shape, directed upwards.
Important! Eschinanthus is often confused with another tropical flower - columnay. They are similar not only in appearance but also in terms of growing conditions. A clear difference occurs during flowering. In Columni flowers are not collected in the brush at the ends of the escape, but bloom singly along its entire length.
The most beautiful species
It features a variety of varieties and colors. All types of Eschenanthus are very decorative, most of them are hybrids. Conditions of detention for each individual species may differ only slightly. In general, the requirements for humidity, temperature, dressing and watering are all the same.
- Eschintanus Marble. It stands out among other varieties of the original coloring. The leaves are large, leathery. The outer side is dark with yellowish spots, the inner side is painted with a marble pattern in brown and violet tones. The bush is compact, gives many side shoots, quickly forms a lush bush.
- Eschaninthus twister. The leaves are dark, with a waxy bloom, twisted. Flowers pure orange-red shade. Long stems twist beautifully hang down. Appreciated for high decorative, unusual appearance.
- Escinantus is magnificent. A distinctive feature - reddish long stems. The leaves are medium in size. Several flowers are collected on each peduncle. The coloring is bright - juicy red with an orange throat.
- Eschanntus is beautiful. Differs in larger leaves of a saturated green shade. The flowers are tubular, red, bloom at the tips of the shoots. Brushes consist of 11-12 flowers.
- Eschaninthus Carolina. Another spectacular hybrid variety. The leaves are much larger than other varieties. The oblong-elliptic shape of the leaves and their slight pubescence are characteristic. Flowers rich burgundy hue.
Tip! Twice a year (before and after flowering), bathe the plant. How to do it? In a large container gather warm water. Temperature is around 40 ° C. The plant together with the pot is immersed in a container, kept in water for about 40 minutes. Spring bathing stimulates amicable flowering, autumn - hardens the plant.
Types and varieties of ASChEnanthus
This plant has more than 200 species, but at home people grow no more than 15.
The main crops growing in our apartments are:
Eschanintus Marble - possesses flexible decorative branches, on which beautiful leafy plates are located. On the plates there is a motley color - from the central vein of the sheet, strips diverge to the edge of the sheet. Flowers of this kind are not attractive and the tubules are colored green.
Eschanntus is beautiful - This plant is quite common among lovers of florist. Flexible branches grow to 60 cm. Length and on them are fleshy dark green leaves without any pattern up to 10 cm in length. It blooms with dense inflorescences of 12 tubular flowers of scarlet color.
Eschaninthus Twister - this subspecies is distinguished from all others by leafy plates of bright green color with a waxy coating. Not only the leaf plates twist spirally at it, but the twigs grow curved. From the side the bush looks like a curly wig. Bright red flowers grow their sinuses leaf sheets at the ends of the shoots.
Eschinantus Mona Lisa - in this species, the leaves of elongated oval dark green color have a shiny surface of the leaf plate. The leaves are well distinguished central vein. It blooms in red flowers. The main distinguishing feature is that the species is not the most capricious in home cultivation.
Eschaninthus Lobb - shoots of this variety have a reddish tint and not large leaves with a bright underside are located on it. Blooms dense tassels with carmine flowers.
Each type of Eschaninus is good in its own way and many growers can afford to collect a complete collection of the most popular varieties of this plant.
Location in the house eskhinanthusa
Since the escinant loves light, but does not tolerate direct ultraviolet radiation, put it away from windows or choose windows on the western and eastern sides of the house and shade, for example, with tulle curtains.
- Eskhinanthus will perfectly cherish any room of your house: living room, bedroom, bath, kitchen, nursery and even a hallway.
- The only condition that the room must meet, in addition to good lighting, is relatively high humidity.
- Therefore, the kitchen and bathroom benefit in this case compared to other rooms in the house.
But only if the bathroom is not sufficiently light, then it is better not to install the eschinanthus, because it will not live long in artificial light. Eskhinantus will look great in the bedroom, in the nursery and even in the hallway. But if you decide to put the plant in the hallway, where there is little light, from time to time reanimate it - put it on the lighted places in the other rooms, again not forgetting to tint.
The temperature of the maintenance eschintanus
Severe temperature drops and drafts can destroy the plant. Be careful! Like all tropical plants, this flower loves warmth. For him, the comfortable temperature is slightly higher, to which other indoor plants are accustomed. Its temperature is + 20-25 degrees Celsius. The biggest secret of flowering is its content in the winter. As with so many plants, he needs a lower temperature. At low temperatures, there is a high probability that the buds will start early, which may already appear in early spring.
Eschaninthus is a rather light-loving plant. This is another little secret. Some growers make a very big mistake! The fact is that a flower can grow as an ampelous plant, therefore it is often put in hanging pots, on different shelves and podschka, without worrying about lighting.
As practice shows, such places are not always lit. Of course, as a deciduous ornamental plant, it will look very beautiful, but the likelihood of the appearance of flowers decreases. Therefore, try to ensure that the eskhinanthus as much as possible sufficient coverage. Protect the plant from direct sunlight.
Watering a flower
Escinantus has special water requirements. It should not contain much calcium. If there is hard water in your city, it should be softened. Although the flower and moisture-loving, but it has to be watered moderately. Due to excess moisture in the soil, the flower may appear yellow spots on the leaves, and later they may fall off altogether. Water it as the topsoil dries. Be careful not to overdry the soil, otherwise the plant may die. As with the overflow of the plant, and when drying the eschinantus, its leaves turn yellow and crumble.
Indoor air humidity
The leaves of the Eschenanthus can accumulate moisture, this plant could be attributed to succulents. He can calmly tolerate low humidity. This indoor plant can do without spraying. But, nevertheless, it is possible to pamper him with spraying. In order to have a wonderful luxurious plant, in the spring and on hot days in the summer, be sure to spray the escinantus at least once a day.
Top dressing eshinanthus
It is best to feed it with complex mineral fertilizer for flowering plants. This is best done in small half doses. Feeding should be carried out from April to September, twice a month. Eschinanthus can grow in any nutrient substrate, with the addition of rippers, such as perlite, fine clay, vermiculite.
It is better to make such a ground for a flower: two parts of leafy ground, one part of peat moss, two parts of peat, one part of sand. Do not forget a good drainage! Such a composition of the earth will be perfectly breathable. Adding sphagnum to the plant will provide hygroscopicity and will not allow the appearance of rot on the flower roots. Doing transplants can be both before flowering and after.
Flower pruning and rejuvenation
Almost eskhinanthus - shrub. This means that the plant should have a beautiful appearance and decoration, it needs to be regularly pruned. Prune it immediately after flowering. Pinching and sanitary pruning can be done during the entire growing season. Unfortunately, you can save the beauty and decorativeness of this flower for a long time. When the plant reaches the age of five, its flowers lose their beauty due to the long shoots and strong bottoming. Therefore, after five years, the plant should be replaced by young.
Reproduction by cuttings
In eschinantus reproduction occurs cuttings. For this, the stalk is cut from the stem, taking into account that there are buds and a few leaves on it. We dip the stalk in a growth stimulator and plant it in the prepared soil, at the bottom of the pot in the very bottom we make a sphagnum moss moistened. The temperature should be maintained around 25 degrees. After rooting the plant, it is necessary to give him the opportunity to get used to the conditions of growth, and then you can replant in a constant container and provide care for the cultivation of the escinanthus as an adult flower
Folk recipes for pest eschinanthus
At home, approximately 15 varieties of Eschineanthus are grown, but 5 of them are most common.
Before spraying, dilute 8 to 10 g of the concentrate in 1 l of water and add 5 g of regular soap. Repeat the treatment of the eschanantus 7 - 10 days until complete destruction of the aphid.
Why do the leaves turn yellow and fall, and when does he dump them at all?
After 4-5 years, the plant loses its decorative appeal so always have young offspring on hand.
- Aeschainanthus leaves turn yellow with insufficient air humidity.
- Especially often this happens in winter when central heating radiators are turned on, which dry up the air strongly.
- Insufficient lighting or, on the contrary, being in the bright sun can cause yellowing of the leaves in the eschanantus.
The plant in the winter period may begin to massively drop the leaves at too low temperature or due to careless ventilation drafts. In the summer, insufficient watering can provoke loss of leaves.
Since the eschanestus to the ampelous forms of cultivation, we bring to your attention a wonderful video about the features of caring for these types of plants. Enjoy your friends!
If you follow all the rules for plant care, he will not be afraid of diseases and pests. Most often due to improper care, the escinanthus turns yellow and leaves fall. The reason lies in the wrong watering, content at low temperatures in dark rooms. In a damp room with a draft and excessive watering, the plant is often infected with gray rot. If the eschinanthus does not bloom, they do not lower the room temperature when laying flower buds. In December and January, it should be no higher than 18 ° C.
Of the pests, the most dangerous for the plant are the insects, thrips and aphids.